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Adjustable sprinkler

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US3575347A
US3575347A US3575347DA US3575347A US 3575347 A US3575347 A US 3575347A US 3575347D A US3575347D A US 3575347DA US 3575347 A US3575347 A US 3575347A
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Prior art keywords
housing
nozzle
fluid
base
area
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John A Carlson
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Gates Rubber Co
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Gates Rubber Co
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B3/00Spraying or sprinkling apparatus with moving outlet elements or moving deflecting elements; Spraying or sprinkling heads with rotating elements located upstream the outlet
    • B05B3/02Spraying or sprinkling apparatus with moving outlet elements or moving deflecting elements; Spraying or sprinkling heads with rotating elements located upstream the outlet with rotating elements
    • B05B3/04Spraying or sprinkling apparatus with moving outlet elements or moving deflecting elements; Spraying or sprinkling heads with rotating elements located upstream the outlet with rotating elements driven by the liquid or other fluent material discharged, e.g. the liquid actuating a motor before passing to the outlet
    • B05B3/0409Spraying or sprinkling apparatus with moving outlet elements or moving deflecting elements; Spraying or sprinkling heads with rotating elements located upstream the outlet with rotating elements driven by the liquid or other fluent material discharged, e.g. the liquid actuating a motor before passing to the outlet with moving, e.g. rotating, outlet elements
    • B05B3/0418Spraying or sprinkling apparatus with moving outlet elements or moving deflecting elements; Spraying or sprinkling heads with rotating elements located upstream the outlet with rotating elements driven by the liquid or other fluent material discharged, e.g. the liquid actuating a motor before passing to the outlet with moving, e.g. rotating, outlet elements comprising a liquid driven rotor, e.g. a turbine
    • B05B3/0422Spraying or sprinkling apparatus with moving outlet elements or moving deflecting elements; Spraying or sprinkling heads with rotating elements located upstream the outlet with rotating elements driven by the liquid or other fluent material discharged, e.g. the liquid actuating a motor before passing to the outlet with moving, e.g. rotating, outlet elements comprising a liquid driven rotor, e.g. a turbine with rotating outlet elements
    • B05B3/045Spraying or sprinkling apparatus with moving outlet elements or moving deflecting elements; Spraying or sprinkling heads with rotating elements located upstream the outlet with rotating elements driven by the liquid or other fluent material discharged, e.g. the liquid actuating a motor before passing to the outlet with moving, e.g. rotating, outlet elements comprising a liquid driven rotor, e.g. a turbine with rotating outlet elements with automatic means for regulating the jet
    • B05B3/0454Spraying or sprinkling apparatus with moving outlet elements or moving deflecting elements; Spraying or sprinkling heads with rotating elements located upstream the outlet with rotating elements driven by the liquid or other fluent material discharged, e.g. the liquid actuating a motor before passing to the outlet with moving, e.g. rotating, outlet elements comprising a liquid driven rotor, e.g. a turbine with rotating outlet elements with automatic means for regulating the jet relative to the angular position of the outlet or to the direction of rotation of the outlet, e.g. for spraying non circular areas
    • B05B15/74
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S239/00Fluid sprinkling, spraying, and diffusing
    • Y10S239/01Pattern sprinkler

Abstract

An adjustable pattern water sprinkler having improved adjusting means and an improved nozzle to effect substantially equal water distribution over a selectively variable pattern area.

Description

United States Patent 1 13,57s,347

[72] Inventor John A. Carlson [56] References Cited Englewwd, C919- UNITED STATES PATENTS [211 P $06,072 2,805,098 9/1957 Hurley 239/236 [22] Filed Mar.1l,l969

2,962,220 11/1960 Woods 239/263 3} 2 3 5:836? 1 C n 2,999,643 9/1961 Kennedy 239/97 ssgnee Den a g y 3,093,313 6/1963 Sa1minen..... 239/236 3,272,437 9/1966 Coson 239/236 Primary ExaminerM. Henson Wood, Jr. 1 ADJUTABLE SPBINKLER Assistant Examiner-Edwin D. Grant 14 Claims, 4 Drawing Figs. Att0rneyRaym0nd Fink [52] U.S.Cl. 239/97, 239/206, 239/DIG 1 [51] Int.Cl. B05b 3/00, ABSTRACT: An adjustable pattern water Sprinkler having BOSb 15/10 improved adjusting means and an improved nozzle to effect [50] Field of Search 239/97, Substantially equal water distribution over a Selectively 205, 206, 232, 236, (Pattern Sprinkler Digest) variable pattern area.

- Patented A ril 20, 1911 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR. JOHN 'A. CARLSON ATTORNEY FIG! Pate ted] April 20, 1971 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 1 NVENTOR. JOHN A. ysoN 02 M ATTORNEY Patented April 20, 1971 4 Sheets-Sheet 5 FIG.5

INVENTOR.

CAR SON JOHN A.

ATTORNEY Patented April 20, 1971 3,575,347

4 Sheets-Sheet 4 INVENTOR.

JOHN A. CARL N ATTORI\E Y xptusrts srarnrrtsn BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to water sprinklers, but more particularly, this invention relates to sprinklers having adjustably variable nozzles to effect regulation of water flow rate.

One of the major problems with present day sprinklers of the adjustable pattern type is that of equal water distribution radially away from the sprinkler. Unlike common sprinklers, the adjustable pattern sprinkler is repeatedly used from one location and because of this, the contiguous irrigation area served by an adjustable pattern sprinkler may be repeatedly underirrigated or overirrigated as established by the effective efiluent distribution from the nozzle. Typically, contour sprinklers have a nozzle system pivoted around an axis by means of a water motor. The effluent from the sprinkler nozzle may be regulated by throttling water flow to the nozzle or by a channeling water to separate and distinct nozzles, or a combination of both. Throttling a sprinkler nozzle proportionally reduces emitted water flow and disrupts equal water distribution over varying sector areas from the nozzle because the water stream trajectory as emitted from the nozzle is exponentially dependent upon water flow. To attempt equal water distribution for different area sectors of different radii, some of system pivoted the more sophisticated present day sprinklers may vary the rotational speed of the noule system in conjunction with throttling nozzle effluent. Nozzle system rotational speed variations may be achieved through bifurcating water flow between the nozzle system and the water motor to effect speed variations from the water motor. Other types of adjustable pattern sprinklers bifurcate water flow through separate and distinct nozzles in an attempt to achieve equal water distribution. Even where multiple nozzles are used, some throttling of the water flow usually takes place before being emitted from the nonle.

The problems heretoforementioned have been directed toward equal water distribution. Another problem associated with adjustable pattern sprinklers is that of the adjusting means necessary to achieve a selectively variable sprinkling pattern. Some sprinklers use fixed shape cams which require replacement or special shaping to achieve a desired pattern.

One problem with a sprinkler having a fixed cam is at each pattern area requires its own special cam which may be commercially unfeasible. A problem with sprinklers having adjustable cams may be that of adjustment caused by nonlinearity between the adjusting means and the jet stream emitted from the nozzle.

It is the purpose of my invention to overcome the aforementioned problems with a novel nozzle design, and a linear adjusting means.

SUMMARY One object of my invention is to provide an adjustable pattern sprinkler having improved water distribution characteristics.

Another object of my invention is to provide an adjustable pattern sprinkler where there is substantially no regulated throttling of water flow prior to emittance through the noule.

Another object of my invention is to supply an adjustable area sprinkler where water flow to a water motor is substantially constant for all selectively variable patterns.

Still another object of my invention is to provide a single nozzle having water distribution characteristics of a plurality of unthrottled nozzles.

Yet another object of my invention is to provide an improved sprinkler that is easily adjustable to a plurality of selectively variable patterns.

it is another object of my invention to provide an economical adjustable pattern sprinkler of either the portable or popup type.

These and other objects of my invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art upon review of the appended drawings and description thereof.

My invention may be used in conjunction with either portable or popup-type sprinklers. The improved sprinkler has a housing mounted to a base member. The housing contains a typical water motor. A portion of the water flow entering the housing is bled off to drive the water motor. The water bled away for the motor exits the housing through a constant diameter orifice. The water motor rotates the housing at relatively constant speed in fixed relation to the base member. The base member mounts a plurality of eccentrically moveable pins arranged circumjacently. A cam, which engages the pins, is mounted to the housing. As the housing pivots around the base, the cam reciprocates with respect to the housing as induced by alternate engagement of the cam with each successive pin. The amount of cam reciprocation is easily varied by changing the eccentricity of a pin. The cam is directly connected by means of a rod and bellcrank to a gate of a gate-valve. Reciprocating movements of the cam will result in reciprocating movements of the gate. The nozzle comprises an orifice plate and the gate, which has a special shape. The nozzle orifice area is changed by movements of the gate relative to the orifice plate. Accordingly, various jet stream spray patterns from the nozzle are effected by the position of the gate relative to the nozzle plate.

The operation and advantages of my invention may best be understood with reference to the drawings.

FIG. I is a sectional view of a side elevation of the device as a popup sprinkler.

FIG. 2 is a disconnected isometric view showing the nozzle, the cam and eccentric pins, and the associated articulated linkage.

FIG. 3 is a view similar to that of FIG. 2 but showing a variation of the nozzle.

FIG. 4 is a view similar to that of FIG. 2 but showing a variation in the nozzle, and cam and follower means.

FIG. 5 is a sectional view of FIG. 4 taken along the line 5-5 showing the attitude of a nozzle orifice.

FIG. 6 is a sectional view of FIG. 4 taken along the line 6-6 showing the attitude of a second nozzle orifice.

FIG. 7 is a side elevation of the device as a portable sprinkler.

TECHNICAL DISCLOSURE Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2, a preferred embodiment of my invention is depicted as a popup sprinkler 10 contained within a shell II. A baffle l2 separates the shell lll into two chambers, a base-receiving chamber 13 and a housingreceiving chamber M. Major components ofthe sprinkler include a housing 15 and a base 16. The base-receiving chamber has a fluid entry 17 for connection to a fluid supply source, and a fluid exit 18 that receives the base which has an internal bore 19 defining a fluid inlet 20 and outlet 21. The lower lower of the base 16 is reciprocally mounted to be extensible from the base-receiving chamber. When the base is extended, a collar 22 presses a seal 23 against the baffle 12 to effect a fluidtight base-receiving chamber. The base is captivated from rotating by a tab 2d projecting from the baffle to a slot 25 formed in the base. Although the tab and slot arrangement is preferred, any convenient geometrical shape of base with respect to the fluid exit may be used to prevent rotation of the base in the shell. Gravitational forces are ordinarily sufficient to bias the lower portion of the base into the base-receiving chamber when the sprinkler is not in use. However, a preferred embodiment of this invention utilizes a spring 26 between the baffle 12 and a collar 27 to provide an extra margin of bias force. An optional check valve 28 located in the lower portion of the base-receiving chamber drains said chamber of fluid after the sprinkler has been used.

The upper portion 29 of the base flares radially outward into the housing-receiving chamber 14. A plurality of individually moveable eccentric pins 30 circumjacently arranged, extend through the base. The function of the eccentric pins will be later explained. The housing 15 encases a reduction-geared water motor and said housing mounts a nozzle 35, a cam 36 and an articulated linkage 37 between the nozzle an cam. The housing is pivotally mounted to the base by (l) a nipple 38 formed as an extended portion of the housing 15 and (2) a rod 39 extending through the nipple and the internal bore of the base. The nipple protrudes into the base forming a bearing for rotational stability when the housing is pivoted about the base. A seal 40 minimizes fluid leakage between the housing and base. The reduction-geared water motor is encased within a separate motor chamber 41 formed within the housing. The water motor comprises a water turbine 42 and a gear train. The gear train includes'a series of intermeshing reduction worms 43 and gears 44 which finally drive a pinion gear 46 on the outside of the housing. The pinion meshes with a gear 47 formed on the base 16. A small passageway 48 between the housing fluid entry 49 and the motor chamber defines a fluid entry into the water turbine. Water exits the water turbine 42, enters the motor chamber 41, and is emitted through a water motor exit 50. The cam, which has a first Sll and a second 52 motion imparting surface, is reciprocally guided along the lower surface 53 of the housing 15. Either of the motion imparting surfaces may successively engage each of the circumjacent pins 30 as the housing is pivoted about the base. By varying the eccentricity of each successive pin 30, the cam 36 may be selectively reciprocated inwardly A or outwardly B with respect to the housing 15 as said housing is pivoted about the base 16.

One of the novel features of my invention is the adjustable orifice area nozzle 35. The nozzle is mounted at the housing fluid exit 54. It should be noted that in my sprinkler design, the fluid does not travel a tortuous path before being emitted from the nozzle. The main fluid passageway from the base-receiving chamber to the nozzle is relatively free of obstruction. Consequently, little or no throttling occurs as fluid flows from the base to the nozzle. A preferred embodiment of my invention includes a nozzle as depicted by FlGS. l and 2. The nozzle comprises a noule plate 55 having individually sized orifices 56, an a stair-stepped" gate 57 which may be urged to partially or completely block each successive orifice. Fluid flow rate from the nozzle is varied by blocking or partially blocking each successive orifice. As shown in H6. 1, the effective orifice area is reduced when the gate partially blocks an orifice. lt is of particular importance to note the orifice area is actually reduced in size; there is no throttling of fluid flow prior to being emitted from any of the fixed area orifices 56. The velocity of the jet stream emitted from the nozzle 35 remains substantially constant through each orifice when one or more other orifices are blocked by the gate. Selective or partial blocking of each individual orifice by the nozzle gate 57 is accomplished by means of the pins 30, the cam 36 and the articulated linkage 37. The articulated linkage comprises a bellcrank 58 extending through the housing 15 at its pivotal axis 59, and a rod 60 connected by a pin 61 to the bellcrank 58. An extended end 61 of the bellcrank meshes into a slot 62 formed in the back of the gate 55. Reciprocatory movements A-B of the cam 36 are translated first to rotational movements C-D of the bellcrank 58 and finally to reciprocatory movements R-S of gate 57 against the noale plate 55. The foregoing nozzle characteristics permit the nozzle to be designed for equal water distribution for irrigation sectors of varying radii around the sprinkler.

For the purpose of nozzle design, the area to be irrigated by the sprinkler may be theoretically divided into a plurality of annular rings having equal radial widths. Then, differential area between each successive annular ring is directly proportional to the ratio of the square of the distance of the annular rings away from the sprinkler. The relationship for sizing each successive nonle orifice is directly proportional to each successive annular area. Accordingly, a nozzle orifice for an annular ring at a foot radius would have a size equal to four-ninths that of a nozzle orifice for an annular ring at a 30- foot radius. The cumulative area of the plurality of nozzle orifices may then be chosen for any desired maximum fluid flow rate.

As previously explained, the velocity of the jet stream emitted through any unblocked orifice remains generally unchanged even though one or more of the other orifices are blocked. Thus, an annular ring irrigated by any unblocked orifice receives substantially the same quantity of fluid whether or not another orifice of the nozzle is blocked. In other words, as orifices are blocked, a progressive portion of the total jet stream is deleted but the remaining portion of the jet stream remains unchanged. For the purpose of this disclosure, when a "progressive portion of the jet stream is deleted or added as by blocking or uncovering an individual orifice, the remaining portion of the jet stream remains generally unchanged in that each unblocked individual orifice supplies essentially a constant quantity of effluent to its assigned annular ring; the term progressive flow rate as used herein and in the claims refers to essentially unchanged flow of fluid to each annular ring of an unblocked orifice when one or more orifices are blocked or uncovered. Once the orifices have been sized, the trajectory of the jet stream emitted by the nozzle may be considered. A deflector 33 having a compound surface 34 is preferably used to deflect the jet stream from each successive orifice to its corresponding annular area. The shape of the compound surface may then be calculated using typical trajectory relationships keeping in mind that the jet stream velocity is substantially constant.

When the sprinkler is in use, water under pressure is directed to the base-receiving chamber through the fluid entry 17. Rising water pressure in the base-receiving chamber closes the check valve 28 and reacts against the base cross-sectiona. area forcing the base and the parts attached thereto in an upwardly manner. The spring 26 is compressed and the seal 23 is pressed against the baffle l2 effecting a substantially fluidtight base-receiving chamber. The housing extends from the shell to a position as indicated by the dotted lines of FIG. 1. The jet stream from the nozzle is now free to clear the upper lip 65 of the shell 11. Water travels up the internal bore 19 of the base and into the housing. The majority of the fluid proceeds to be emitted from the nozzle 35 as a controlled jet stream. A small portion of the water is bled through passageway 48 to drive the water turbine. The water turbine fluid is emitted from the water motor chamber through the exit 50. Water turbine effluent is preferably directed to irrigate a predetermined circular area immediately surrounding the sprinkler. As the water turbine 42 powers the pinion 46 through the series of interrneshing worms 43, and gears 44, the pinion, meshing with the stationary gear 47, pivots the housing 15 around the base 16 at a substantially constant speed. The cam 36 upon successive engagement with the endless row of eccentric pins 30, effects reciprocation of the gate 57 against the nozzle plate 55. It should be noted at this point that one of the salient features of the nozzle is that the gate 57 is hydraulically balanced with respect to the nozzle plate 55. Consequently, no feedback forces are generated to affect the position of the cam; the cam does not have to be in constant engagement with a pin to prevent motion of the gate. Preferably, the shape of the cam surfaces 51 and 52 are such that motion of the gate 57 is directly proportional to the rotational motion of the housing 15 about the base 16. Selectively adjusting the eccentricity of a pin 30 results in selective blockage of a nozzle orifice to effect precise control over the jet stream. The use of a plurality of pins permits selectively variable control over the jet stream at a number of housing azimuth positions. By adjusting the pins 30 to desired positions, the sprinkler will repeatedly irrigate an irregular area. When water flow to the base-receiving chamber 13 is terminated, the housing will return to its original position within the shell as aided by the spring 26 and gravitational forces. Check valve 28 returns to its normally open position and residual water drains from the base-receiving chamber. One reason for draining the sprinkler of residual water is to prevent damage due to freezing in cold climate areas.

ADDllTllONAL SPEClES lFlG. 3 depicts a variation in the adjustable orifice area nozzle. Both the nozzle plate 7b and gate 711 have been modified. The plurality of orifices as previously described has been replaced with a wedge-shaped orifice 72 and the stair-stepped gate has been replaced with a ramp gate ill. The shape of the wedge-shaped slot 725 may be established in a manner similar to that described for determining the size of orifices. For example, the wedge-shaped orifice 72 may be thought of as a plurality of orifices arranged closely together. The gate 7i is reciprocated against the nozzle plate Til by the extended end till of the bellcrank in a manner as previously described. Movement of the gate 7ll against the nozzle plate '70 effectively adjusts the size of the wedge-shaped orifice 72.

Still another variation in the sprinkler is shown in N68. d, 5 and b. The eccentric pins have been replaced with a fixed shape earn 7%. The cam '75 may be of any desired shape to control the sprinkler irrigation pattern. For example, the cam 75 may have a shape for controlling irrigation of a square, circular, rectangular, et cetera, areas. The cam of the sprinkler of H68. 31 and .73 has been replaced with a follower 76. The follower 7b engages the cam 75 as the housing lid is pivoted. The follower 7b activates the articulated linkage in a manner as previously described. The linkage 3) reciprocates the stair-stepped gate 57 against the nozzle plate '77 to effectively block the successive orifices 7d. The sprinkler of FIG. d does not require a deflector because of the specially shaped nozzle plate 77. As shown in H68. 5 and t5, the nozzle plate 77 has an externally curved surface 79. The orifices 7b have varying attitudes to effect various trajectories of the emitted jet stream. For example, the orifice attitude db is greatest for the larger orifice since the orifice emits a jet stream having the longest trajectory. The orifice attitude bl is the least for the smaller orifice since the orifice emits a jet stream having the shortest trajectory. The orifices between those depicted by H68. 5 and d have successively decreasing attitudes.

Referring to FIG. 7, a portable sprinkler M is depicted incorporating my invention. A stand db is attached to the base b7 for portability. Fluid enters the base through the fluid entry db and proceeds to a cavity 89. The upper portion of the base b7 mounts an endless row of circumjacent pins 3t), as described for the sprinkler of H68. l and 2. The housing lb is pivotally mounted to the base at the fluid exit W by means of the nipple 911 which is an extension of the housing lid. The housing H5 is pivoted about the base $7 in the same manner as previously described for the popup sprinkler llfl. Operational and other physical details for the sprinkler M are the same as previously described.

lclaim:

l. A pattern sprinkler comprising:

a base having a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet;

a substantially fluidtight housing having a fluid entry and a first fluid exit, said housing pivotally mounted to said base at the fluid outlet of said base and at the fluid entry of said housing;

a reduction-geared water motor encased within said housing, said motor having a fluid entry in said housing and a second fluid exit from said housing, and said housing pivoted about said base by said motor;

a jet stream producing nozzle, having an adjustable orifice area, mounted to said housing at said first fluid exit, the orifice mathematically progressive in area to emit a jet stream of progressive flow rate and trajectory for essentially equal distribution of the jet stream radially away from said nozzle whereby decreasing the orifice area deletes a progressive portion of the jet stream and increasing the orifice area reinstates a progressive portion of the jet stream; and

means responsive to rotation of said housing about said base for increasing and decreasing the orifice area of said nozzle.

2. A selectively variable pattern sprinkler comprising:

a base having a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet;

a substantially fluidtight housing having a fluid entry and a first fluid exit, said housing pivotally mounted to said base at the fluid outlet of said base and at the fluid entry of said housing;

a reduction-geared water motor encased within said housing, said motor having a fluid entry in said housing and a second fluid exit in said housing and said housing pivoted about said base by said water motor;

a jet stream producing nozzle, having an adjustable orifice area, mounted to said housing at said first fluid exit, said nozzle including a nozzle plate having a fixed area opening defining an orifice, and a nozzle gate slidably mounted in said housing against said nozzle plate, said nozzle gate capable of variably blocking the fixed area opening of said nozzle plate to effect an adjusted orifice area, the orifice mathematically progressive in area to emit a jet stream of progressive flow rate and trajectory for essentially equal distribution of the jet stream radially away from said nozzle whereby decreasing the orifice area deletes a progressive portion of the jet stream and increasing the orifice area reinstates a progressive portion of the jet stream; and

means responsive to rotation of said housing about said base for sliding said nozzle gate to variably block the fixed area opening of said nozzle plate.

3. A selectively variable pattern sprinkler comprising:

a base having a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet;

a substantially fluidtight housing having a fluid entry and a first fluid exit, said housing pivotally mounted to said base at the fluid outlet of said base and at the fluid entry of said housing;

a reduction-geared water motor encased within said housing, said motor having a fluid entry in said housing and a second fluid exit in said housing and said housing pivoted about said base by said water motor;

a jet stream producing nozzle, having an adjustable orifice area, mounted to said housing at said first fluid exit, said nozzle including a nozzle plate having a fixed area opening defining an orifice, and a nozzle gate slideably mounted in said housing against said nozzle plate, said nozzle gate capable of variably blocking the fixed area opening of said nozzle plate to effect an adjusted orifice area; and

means responsive to rotation of said housing about said base for sliding said nozzle gate to variably block the fixed area opening of said noule plate, said means including:

follower means including a plurality of pins circumjacently mounted and eccentrically moveable on said base;

cam means having at least two pin-engaging surfaces, said cam means reciprocally mounted to said housing to be successively engageable with and reciprocally moveable by each successive pin in response to rotation of said housing about said base; and

lever means in association with said follower means and said cam means, for sliding said nozzle gate to variably block the fixed area opening of said nozzle plate.

d. The device as claimed in claim 3 and further including a deflector mounted to said housing near the fixed area opening of said nozzle in such a manner as to deflect and distribute the jet stream emitted from said nozzle.

5. A selectively variable pattern sprinkler, comprising:

a base having a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet;

a substantially fluidtight housing having a fluid entry and a first fluid exit, said housing pivotally mounted to said base at the fluid outlet of said base and at the fluid entry of said housing;

a reduction-geared water motor encased within said housing, said motor having a fluid entry in said housing and a second fluid exit in said housing and said housing pivoted about said base by said water motor;

a jet stream producing nozzle, having an adjustable area orifice, mounted to said housing at said first fluid exit, said nozzle including a nozzle plate having a plurality of adjacently aligned openings of successively increasing lever means in association with said follower means and said cam means for sliding said nozzle gate to variably block the fixed area opening of said nozzle plate.

orifice mathematically progressive in area to emit a jet stream of progressive flow rate and trajectory for essentially equal distribution of the jet stream radially away from said nozzle whereby decreasing the orifice area and a stair-stepped nozzle gate slideably mounted in 5 area deletes a progressive portion of the jet stream and said housing agains aid nozzle P 81 s irpp increasing the orifice area reinstates a progressive portion nonle gate capable of successively blocking and opening of the jet stream; and each of the adja n ly aligned openings eff t an means responsive to rotation of said housing about said base adjusted Orifice area, the OrifiCe ma h i l y for increasing and decreasing the orifice area of said nozprogressive in area to emit a jet stream of progressive flow zle. rate and trajectory for essentially equal distribution of the 9. A selectively variable popup pattern sprinkler jet stream radially away from said nozzle whereby om i ing; d r asing the orifice a delfles a Progressive Portion a shell having a base-receiving chamber with a fluid-tight of the jet stream and increasing the orifice area reinstates l entry d a fl id it; p Pomon f l sjream a a base having a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet, said base means responsive to rotation of said housing about said base i ll mounted to b ibl from d for Slldmg Sald w gate successlvely block and Open retractable into the base-receiving chamber with the fluid the p l ofsfild nozzle F entry of said base opening into the base-receiving 6. A selectively variable pattern sprinkler comprising: chamber; a base havfng a and Quueti a substantially fluidtight housing having a fluid entry and a a substanjlany'flulilghi h j havmg a mud f and first fluid exit, said housing pivotally mounted to said base fim F Pwotauy moumfid to at the fluid outlet of said base and at the fluid entry of said at the fluid outlet of said base and at the fluid entry of said housing; housmg} l a reduction-geared water motor encased within said redlicnon'geared motor. encasefj lg 5 housing, said motor having a fluid entry in said housing housmg m l housing and a second fluid exit in said housing and said housing and a second fluid exit in said housing and said housing pivoted about Said base by said water motor. .pwoted about g p l i s. bl a jet stream producing nozzle, having an adjustable orifice a Stream pro ucmg i avmg a Justa area, mounted to said housing at said first fluid exit, said i moiimed i Bald housmg at fim nozzle including a nozzle plate having a fixed area nozzle i a 9 Plate havlilg a plurality. of opening defining an orifice, and a nozzle gate slideably adjacemly aligned openings of sucqesswely increasing mounted in said housing against said nozzle plate said area and a stair-stepped nozzle gate slideably mounted in noule gate capable of variably blocking the fixed area said housing against said nozzle plate, said stair stepped I opening of said nozzle plate to effect an ad usted orifice noule gate capable of successively blocking and opening th ath m u a t of w m an sass ,2 rissflzizsasas; ad usted orifice area; and f 1 a} f h J means responsive to rotation of said housing about said base 658cm y .E i 0 e16! g i? y for sliding said nozzle gate to successively block and open 40 away from w ere ecreasing t e onrlce m6 Openings ofsaid nozzle plate including. area delete?l a prfogressive portion of the et stream and follower mans including a mummy of pins mcreasmgt e on ice area remstates a progressive portion circumof the et stream; and

acently mounted and eccentrically moveable on Said base; means respons ve to rotation of said housing about said base cam means having at least we pimcngaging Surfaces Said for sl ding said nozzle gate to variably block the fixed area cam means reciprocally mounted to said housing to be openmg of f nozzle P successively engageable with and reciprocally I Seletwely Vanable popup pattern Sprinkler moveable by each successive pin in response to compnsmg' rotation ofsaid housing about Said base; and a shell having a base-receiving chamber with a fluidtight entry and a fluid exit; a base having a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet, said base reciprocally mounted to be extensible from and retractable into the base-receiving chamber with the fluid entry of said base opening into the base-receiving chamber;

a substantially fluidtight housing having a fluid entry and a first fluid exit, said housing pivotally mounted to said base at the fluid outlet of said base and at the fluid entry of said housing;

a reduction-geared water motor encased within said housing, said motor having a fluid entry in said housing and a second fluid exit in said housing and said housing pivoted about said base by said water motor;

a jet stream producing nozzle, having an adjustable orifice area, mounted to said housing at said first fluid exit, said nonle including a nonle plate having a a fixed area opening defining an orifice, and a nozzle gate slideably mounted in said housing against said nozzle plate, said nozzle gate capable of variably blocking the fixed area opening of said nozzle plate to effect an adjusted orifice area; and

means responsive to rotation of said housing about said base for sliding said nozzle gate to variably block the fixed area opening of said nozzle plate, said means including:

7. The device as claimed in claim 6 and further including a deflector mounted to said housing near the fixed area opening of said nozzle in such a manner as to deflect and distribute the jet stream emitted from said nozzle.

8. A popup pattern sprinkler comprising:

a shell having a base-receiving chamber with a fluidtight entry and a fluid exit;

a base having a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet, said base reciprocally mounted to be extensible from and retractable into the base receiving chamber with the fluid entry of said base opening into the base-receiving chamber;

a substantially fluidtight housing having a fluid entry and a first fluid exit, said housing pivotally mounted to said base at the fluid outlet of said base and at the fluid entry of said housing;

a reduction-geared water motor encased within said housing, said motor having a fluid entry in said housing and a second fluid exit from said housing, and said housing pivoted about said base by said motor;

a jet stream producing noule, having an adjustable orifice area, mounted to said housing at said first fluid exit, the 75 follower means including a plurality of pins circumjacently mounted and eccentrically moveable on said base;

cam means having at least two pin-engaging surfaces, said cam means reciprocally mounted to said housing to be successively engageable with and reciprocally moveable by each successive pin in response to rotation of said housing about said base; and

lever means in association with said follower means and said cam means, for sliding said nozzle gate to variably block the fixed area opening of said nozzle plate.

11. The device as claimed in claim 10 and further including a deflector mounted to said housing near the fixed area opening of said nozzle in such a manner as to deflect and distribute the jet stream emitted from said nozzle.

12. A selectively variably popup pattern sprinkler, comprising:

a shell having a base-receiving chamber with a fluidtight entry and a fluid exit;

a base having a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet, said base reciprocally mounted to be extensible from and retractable into the base-receiving chamber with the fluid entry of said base opening into the base-receiving chamber;

a substantially fluidtight housing having a fluid entry and a first fluid exit, said housing pivotally mounted to said base at the fluid outlet of said base and at the fluid entry of said housing;

a reduction-geared water motor encased within said housing, said motor having a fluid entry in said housing and a second fluid exit in said housing and said housing pivoted about said base by said water motor;

a jet stream producing nozzle, having an adjustable area orifice, mounted to said housing at said first fluid exit, said nozzle including a nozzle plate having a plurality of adjacently aligned openings of successively increasing area and a stair-stepped nozzle gate slideably mounted in said housing against said nozzle plate, said stair-stepped nonle gate capable of successively blocking and opening each of the adjacently aligned openings to effect an adjusted orifice area; and

means responsive to rotation of said housing about said base for sliding said nozzle gate to successively block and open the openings of said nozzle plate, said means including: follower means including a plurality of pins circumjacently mounted and eccentrically moveable on said base;

l0 comprising:

a shell having a base-receiving chamber with a fluidtight entry and a fluid exit;

a base having a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet, said base reciprocally mounted to be extensible from and retractable into the base-receiving chamber with the fluid entry of said base opening into the base-receiving chamber;

a substantially fluidtight housing having a fluid entry and a first fluid exit, said housing pivotally mounted to said base at the fluid outlet of mid base and at the fluid entry of said housing;

a reduction-geared water motor encased within said housing, said motor having a fluid entry in said housing, and a second fluid exit in said housing and said housing pivoted about said base by said water motor;

a et stream producing nozzle, having an ad ustable orifice area, mounted to said housing at said first fluid exit, said nozzle including a nozzle plate having a fixed area opening defining an orifice, and a nozzle gate slideably mounted in said housing against said nozzle plate, said nozzle gate capable of variably blocking the fixed area opening of said nozzle plate to effect an adjusted orifice area, the orifice mathematically progressive in area to emit a jet stream of progressive flow rate and trajectory for essentially equal distribution of the jet stream radially away from said nozzle whereby decreasing the orifice area deletes a progressive portion of the jet stream and increasing the orifice area reinstates a progressive portion of the jet stream; and

means responsive to rotation of said housing about said base for sliding said noule gate to successively block and open the openings of said nozzle plate.

M. The device as claimed in claim 12 and further including a deflector mounted to said housing near the fixed area opening of said nozzle in such a manner as to deflect and distribute the jet stream emitted from said nozzle.

Claims (8)

1. A pattern sprinkler comprising: a base having a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet; a substantially fluidtight housing having a fluid entry and a first fluid exit, said housing pivotally mounted to said base at the fluid outlet of said base and at the fluid entry of said housing; a reduction-geared water motor encased within said housing, said motor having a fluid entry in said housing and a second fluid exit from said housing, and said housing pivoted about said base by said motor; a jet stream producing nozzle, having an adjustable orifice area, mounted to said housing at said first fluid exit, the orifice mathematically progressive in area to emit a jet stream of progressive flow rate and trajectory for essentially equal distribution of the jet stream radially away from said nozzle whereby decreasing the orifice area deletes a progressive portion of the jet stream and increasing the orifice area reinstates a progressive portion of the jet stream; and means responsive to rotation of said housing about said base for increasing and decreasing the orifice area of said nozzle.
2. A selectively variable pattern sprinkler comprising: a base having a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet; a substantially fluidtight housing having a fluid entry and a first fluid exit, said housing pivotally mounted to said base at the fluid outlet of said base and at the fluid entry of said housing; a reduction-geared water motor encased within said housing, said motor having a fluid entry in said housing and a second fluid exit in said housing and said housing pivoted about said base by said water motor; a jet stream producing nozzle, having an adjustable orifice area, mounted to said housing at said first fluid exit, said nozzle including a nozzle plate having a fixed area opening defining an orifice, and a nozzle gate slidably mounted in said housing against said nozzle plate, said nozzle gate capable of variably blocking the fixed area opening of said nozzle plate to effect an adjusted orifice area, the orifice mathematically progressive in area to emit a jet stream of progressive flow rate and trajectory for essentially equal distribution of the jet stream radially away from said nozzle whereby decreasing the orifice area deletes a progressive portion of the jet stream and increasing the orifice area reinstates a progressive portion of the jet stream; and means responsive to rotation of said housing about said base for sliding said nozzle gate to variably block the fixed area opening of said nozzle plate. 3. A selectively variable pattern sprinkler comprising: a base having a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet; a substantially fluidtight housing having a fluid entry and a first fluid exit, said housing pivotally mounted to said base at the fluid outlet of said base and at the fluid entry of said housing; a reduction-geared water motor encased within said housing, said motor having a fluid entry in said housing and a second fluid exit in said housing and said housing pivoted about said base by said water motor; a jet stream producing nozzle, having an adjustable orifice area, mounted to said housing at said first fluid exit, said nozzle including a nozzle plate having a fixed area opening defining an orifice, and a nozzle gate slideably mounted in said housing against said nozzle plate, said nozzle gate capable of variably blocking the fixed area opening of said nozzle plate to effect an adjusted orifice area; and means responsive to rotation of said housing about said base for sliding said nozzle gate to variably block the fixed area openIng of said nozzle plate, said means including: follower means including a plurality of pins circumjacently mounted and eccentrically moveable on said base; cam means having at least two pin-engaging surfaces, said cam means reciprocally mounted to said housing to be successively engageable with and reciprocally moveable by each successive pin in response to rotation of said housing about said base; and lever means in association with said follower means and said cam means, for sliding said nozzle gate to variably block the fixed area opening of said nozzle plate.
4. The device as claimed in claim 3 and further including a deflector mounted to said housing near the fixed area opening of said nozzle in such a manner as to deflect and distribute the jet stream emitted from said nozzle.
5. A selectively variable pattern sprinkler, comprising: a base having a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet; a substantially fluidtight housing having a fluid entry and a first fluid exit, said housing pivotally mounted to said base at the fluid outlet of said base and at the fluid entry of said housing; a reduction-geared water motor encased within said housing, said motor having a fluid entry in said housing and a second fluid exit in said housing and said housing pivoted about said base by said water motor; a jet stream producing nozzle, having an adjustable area orifice, mounted to said housing at said first fluid exit, said nozzle including a nozzle plate having a plurality of adjacently aligned openings of successively increasing area and a stair-stepped nozzle gate slideably mounted in said housing against said nozzle plate, said stair-stepped nozzle gate capable of successively blocking and opening each of the adjacently aligned openings to effect an adjusted orifice area, the orifice mathematically progressive in area to emit a jet stream of progressive flow rate and trajectory for essentially equal distribution of the jet stream radially away from said nozzle whereby decreasing the orifice area deletes a progressive portion of the jet stream and increasing the orifice area reinstates a progressive portion of the jet stream and; means responsive to rotation of said housing about said base for sliding said nozzle gate to successively block and open the openings of said nozzle plate. 6. A selectively variable pattern sprinkler comprising: a base having a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet; a substantially fluidtight housing having a fluid entry and a first fluid exit, said housing pivotally mounted to said base at the fluid outlet of said base and at the fluid entry of said housing; a reduction-geared water motor encased within said housing, said motor having a fluid entry in said housing and a second fluid exit in said housing and said housing pivoted about said base by said water motor; a jet stream producing nozzle, having an adjustable area orifice, mounted to said housing at said first fluid exit, said nozzle including a nozzle plate having a plurality of adjacently aligned openings of successively increasing area and a stair-stepped nozzle gate slideably mounted in said housing against said nozzle plate, said stair stepped nozzle gate capable of successively blocking and opening each of the adjacently aligned openings to effect an adjusted orifice area; and means responsive to rotation of said housing about said base for sliding said nozzle gate to successively block and open the openings of said nozzle plate, including: follower means including a plurality of pins circumjacently mounted and eccentrically moveable on said base; cam means having at least two pin-engaging surfaces, said cam means reciprocally mounted to said housing to be successively engageable with and reciprocally moveable by each successive pin in response to rotation of said housing about said base; and lever means in association with said follower means and said cam means for sliding said nozzle gate to variably blocK the fixed area opening of said nozzle plate. 7. The device as claimed in claim 6 and further including a deflector mounted to said housing near the fixed area opening of said nozzle in such a manner as to deflect and distribute the jet stream emitted from said nozzle.
8. A popup pattern sprinkler comprising: a shell having a base-receiving chamber with a fluidtight entry and a fluid exit; a base having a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet, said base reciprocally mounted to be extensible from and retractable into the base receiving chamber with the fluid entry of said base opening into the base-receiving chamber; a substantially fluidtight housing having a fluid entry and a first fluid exit, said housing pivotally mounted to said base at the fluid outlet of said base and at the fluid entry of said housing; a reduction-geared water motor encased within said housing, said motor having a fluid entry in said housing and a second fluid exit from said housing, and said housing pivoted about said base by said motor; a jet stream producing nozzle, having an adjustable orifice area, mounted to said housing at said first fluid exit, the orifice mathematically progressive in area to emit a jet stream of progressive flow rate and trajectory for essentially equal distribution of the jet stream radially away from said nozzle whereby decreasing the orifice area deletes a progressive portion of the jet stream and increasing the orifice area reinstates a progressive portion of the jet stream; and means responsive to rotation of said housing about said base for increasing and decreasing the orifice area of said nozzle.
9. A selectively variable popup pattern sprinkler comprising: a shell having a base-receiving chamber with a fluid-tight entry and a fluid exit; a base having a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet, said base reciprocally mounted to be extensible from and retractable into the base-receiving chamber with the fluid entry of said base opening into the base-receiving chamber; a substantially fluidtight housing having a fluid entry and a first fluid exit, said housing pivotally mounted to said base at the fluid outlet of said base and at the fluid entry of said housing; a reduction-geared water motor encased within said housing, said motor having a fluid entry in said housing and a second fluid exit in said housing and said housing pivoted about said base by said water motor; a jet stream producing nozzle, having an adjustable orifice area, mounted to said housing at said first fluid exit, said nozzle including a nozzle plate having a fixed area opening defining an orifice, and a nozzle gate slideably mounted in said housing against said nozzle plate, said nozzle gate capable of variably blocking the fixed area opening of said nozzle plate to effect an adjusted orifice area, the orifice mathematically progressive in area to emit a jet stream of progressive flow rate and trajectory for essentially equal distribution of the jet stream radially away from said nozzle whereby decreasing the orifice area deletes a progressive portion of the jet stream and increasing the orifice area reinstates a progressive portion of the jet stream; and means responsive to rotation of said housing about said base for sliding said nozzle gate to variably block the fixed area opening of said nozzle plate. 10. A selectively variable popup pattern sprinkler comprising: a shell having a base-receiving chamber with a fluidtight entry and a fluid exit; a base having a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet, said base reciprocally mounted to be extensible from and retractable into the base-receiving chamber with the fluid entry of said base opening into the base-receiving chamber; a substantially fluidtight housing having a fluid entry and a first fluid exit, said housing pivotally mounted to said base at the fluid outlet of said base and at the fluid entry of said housing; a reduction-geared water motor encased within sAid housing, said motor having a fluid entry in said housing and a second fluid exit in said housing and said housing pivoted about said base by said water motor; a jet stream producing nozzle, having an adjustable orifice area, mounted to said housing at said first fluid exit, said nozzle including a nozzle plate having a a fixed area opening defining an orifice, and a nozzle gate slideably mounted in said housing against said nozzle plate, said nozzle gate capable of variably blocking the fixed area opening of said nozzle plate to effect an adjusted orifice area; and means responsive to rotation of said housing about said base for sliding said nozzle gate to variably block the fixed area opening of said nozzle plate, said means including: follower means including a plurality of pins circumjacently mounted and eccentrically moveable on said base; cam means having at least two pin-engaging surfaces, said cam means reciprocally mounted to said housing to be successively engageable with and reciprocally moveable by each successive pin in response to rotation of said housing about said base; and lever means in association with said follower means and said cam means, for sliding said nozzle gate to variably block the fixed area opening of said nozzle plate. 11. The device as claimed in claim 10 and further including a deflector mounted to said housing near the fixed area opening of said nozzle in such a manner as to deflect and distribute the jet stream emitted from said nozzle.
12. A selectively variably popup pattern sprinkler, comprising: a shell having a base-receiving chamber with a fluidtight entry and a fluid exit; a base having a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet, said base reciprocally mounted to be extensible from and retractable into the base-receiving chamber with the fluid entry of said base opening into the base-receiving chamber; a substantially fluidtight housing having a fluid entry and a first fluid exit, said housing pivotally mounted to said base at the fluid outlet of said base and at the fluid entry of said housing; a reduction-geared water motor encased within said housing, said motor having a fluid entry in said housing and a second fluid exit in said housing and said housing pivoted about said base by said water motor; a jet stream producing nozzle, having an adjustable area orifice, mounted to said housing at said first fluid exit, said nozzle including a nozzle plate having a plurality of adjacently aligned openings of successively increasing area and a stair-stepped nozzle gate slideably mounted in said housing against said nozzle plate, said stair-stepped nozzle gate capable of successively blocking and opening each of the adjacently aligned openings to effect an adjusted orifice area; and means responsive to rotation of said housing about said base for sliding said nozzle gate to successively block and open the openings of said nozzle plate, said means including: follower means including a plurality of pins circumjacently mounted and eccentrically moveable on said base; cam means having at least two pin-engaging surfaces, said cam means reciprocally mounted to said housing to be successively engageable with and reciprocally moveable by each successive pin in response to rotation of said housing about said base; and lever means in association with said follower means and said cam means, for sliding said nozzle gate to variably block the fixed area opening of said nozzle plate.
13. A selectively variably popup pattern sprinkler comprising: a shell having a base-receiving chamber with a fluidtight entry and a fluid exit; a base having a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet, said base reciprocally mounted to be extensible from and retractable into the base-receiving chamber with the fluid entry of said base opening into the base-receiving chamber; a substantially fluidtight housing having a fluid entry and a first fluid exit, said housing pivotally mountEd to said base at the fluid outlet of said base and at the fluid entry of said housing; a reduction-geared water motor encased within said housing, said motor having a fluid entry in said housing, and a second fluid exit in said housing and said housing pivoted about said base by said water motor; a jet stream producing nozzle, having an adjustable orifice area, mounted to said housing at said first fluid exit, said nozzle including a nozzle plate having a fixed area opening defining an orifice, and a nozzle gate slideably mounted in said housing against said nozzle plate, said nozzle gate capable of variably blocking the fixed area opening of said nozzle plate to effect an adjusted orifice area, the orifice mathematically progressive in area to emit a jet stream of progressive flow rate and trajectory for essentially equal distribution of the jet stream radially away from said nozzle whereby decreasing the orifice area deletes a progressive portion of the jet stream and increasing the orifice area reinstates a progressive portion of the jet stream; and means responsive to rotation of said housing about said base for sliding said nozzle gate to successively block and open the openings of said nozzle plate. 14. The device as claimed in claim 12 and further including a deflector mounted to said housing near the fixed area opening of said nozzle in such a manner as to deflect and distribute the jet stream emitted from said nozzle.
US3575347A 1969-03-11 1969-03-11 Adjustable sprinkler Expired - Lifetime US3575347A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3921912A (en) * 1974-05-06 1975-11-25 Nelson Corp L R Lawn sprinkler
US3960327A (en) * 1975-02-06 1976-06-01 Olson Richard A Lawn sprinkler programmer
US4265403A (en) * 1979-05-09 1981-05-05 Advanced Products Development Corporation Controlled irrigation system for a predetermined area
FR2501074A1 (en) * 1981-03-09 1982-09-10 Toro Co Sprinkler to sprinkler irrigation of plots given shape
US4699321A (en) * 1985-08-21 1987-10-13 The Toro Company Sprinkler head drain valve
US4867378A (en) * 1987-04-13 1989-09-19 Kah Jr Carl L C Sprinkler device
US5248093A (en) * 1991-11-14 1993-09-28 Pleasants Frank M Robotic lawn sprinkler

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2805098A (en) * 1955-08-03 1957-09-03 Henry C Hurley Sprinkler with variably controlled pattern
US2962220A (en) * 1958-01-03 1960-11-29 Harry P Woods Rotary lawn sprinkler
US2999643A (en) * 1958-03-24 1961-09-12 William P Kennedy Adjustable pattern irrigation sprinkling device
US3093313A (en) * 1960-11-29 1963-06-11 Salminen Paavo Viktor Ludvig Turbine-driven irrigation device
US3272437A (en) * 1964-07-27 1966-09-13 Gen Sprinkler Company Rotary pop-up sprinkler employing a fixed cam

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2805098A (en) * 1955-08-03 1957-09-03 Henry C Hurley Sprinkler with variably controlled pattern
US2962220A (en) * 1958-01-03 1960-11-29 Harry P Woods Rotary lawn sprinkler
US2999643A (en) * 1958-03-24 1961-09-12 William P Kennedy Adjustable pattern irrigation sprinkling device
US3093313A (en) * 1960-11-29 1963-06-11 Salminen Paavo Viktor Ludvig Turbine-driven irrigation device
US3272437A (en) * 1964-07-27 1966-09-13 Gen Sprinkler Company Rotary pop-up sprinkler employing a fixed cam

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3921912A (en) * 1974-05-06 1975-11-25 Nelson Corp L R Lawn sprinkler
US3960327A (en) * 1975-02-06 1976-06-01 Olson Richard A Lawn sprinkler programmer
US4265403A (en) * 1979-05-09 1981-05-05 Advanced Products Development Corporation Controlled irrigation system for a predetermined area
FR2501074A1 (en) * 1981-03-09 1982-09-10 Toro Co Sprinkler to sprinkler irrigation of plots given shape
US4699321A (en) * 1985-08-21 1987-10-13 The Toro Company Sprinkler head drain valve
US4867378A (en) * 1987-04-13 1989-09-19 Kah Jr Carl L C Sprinkler device
US5248093A (en) * 1991-11-14 1993-09-28 Pleasants Frank M Robotic lawn sprinkler
US5366157A (en) * 1991-11-14 1994-11-22 Pleasants Frank M Robotic lawn sprinkler

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