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US3570484A - Intravenous valve assembly - Google Patents

Intravenous valve assembly Download PDF

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Publication number
US3570484A
US3570484A US3570484DA US3570484A US 3570484 A US3570484 A US 3570484A US 3570484D A US3570484D A US 3570484DA US 3570484 A US3570484 A US 3570484A
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US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
valve
body
plunger
end
needle
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Peter Leslie Steer
Paul Hex Venn
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Eschmann Bros and Walsh Ltd
Original Assignee
Eschmann Bros and Walsh Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/15Devices for taking samples of blood
    • A61B5/150007Details
    • A61B5/150015Source of blood
    • A61B5/15003Source of blood for venous or arterial blood
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/15Devices for taking samples of blood
    • A61B5/150007Details
    • A61B5/150206Construction or design features not otherwise provided for; manufacturing or production; packages; sterilisation of piercing element, piercing device or sampling device
    • A61B5/150221Valves
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/15Devices for taking samples of blood
    • A61B5/150007Details
    • A61B5/150206Construction or design features not otherwise provided for; manufacturing or production; packages; sterilisation of piercing element, piercing device or sampling device
    • A61B5/150259Improved gripping, e.g. with high friction pattern or projections on the housing surface or an ergonometric shape
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/15Devices for taking samples of blood
    • A61B5/150007Details
    • A61B5/150374Details of piercing elements or protective means for preventing accidental injuries by such piercing elements
    • A61B5/150381Design of piercing elements
    • A61B5/150389Hollow piercing elements, e.g. canulas, needles, for piercing the skin
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/15Devices for taking samples of blood
    • A61B5/150007Details
    • A61B5/150374Details of piercing elements or protective means for preventing accidental injuries by such piercing elements
    • A61B5/150381Design of piercing elements
    • A61B5/150503Single-ended needles
    • A61B5/150519Details of construction of hub, i.e. element used to attach the single-ended needle to a piercing device or sampling device
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/15Devices for taking samples of blood
    • A61B5/153Devices specially adapted for taking samples of venous or arterial blood, e.g. with syringes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/15Devices for taking samples of blood
    • A61B5/155Devices specially adapted for continuous or multiple sampling, e.g. at predetermined intervals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M39/00Tubes, tube connectors, tube couplings, valves, access sites or the like, specially adapted for medical use
    • A61M39/22Valves or arrangement of valves
    • A61M39/26Valves closing automatically on disconnecting the line and opening on reconnection thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • A61M5/178Syringes
    • A61M5/31Details
    • A61M2005/3128Incorporating one-way valves, e.g. pressure-relief or non-return valves
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S604/00Surgery
    • Y10S604/90Telltale showing entry of blood into body inserted conduit

Abstract

The invention relates to devices for administering intravenous injections of liquids such as drugs, anesthetics or transfusion liquids. The device includes a valve body having a holder for an injection needle. The holder has an outlet passage which communicates with the needle. A nonreturn valve is arranged in the valve body. A valve operating plunger has a portion projecting from the body to enable the valve to be opened by operation of the plunger. The plunger has an inlet passage through which liquid to be injected can pass from a syringe into the valve body and thence pass the nonreturn valve to the outlet passage.

Description

O Unlted States Patent 11113,570,.484 72 Inventors Peter Leslie Steer 1,383,209 6/1921 lftiger 251/1491; London; 1,859,018 5/1932 Bedford.... 251/1496 Paul Hex Venn, Eastbourne, England 2,538,662 1/1951 Abbott 128/214 [21] Appl. No. 754,064 2,771,878 11/1956 Folland et al. 128/214 [22] Filed Aug. 20,1968 2,776,849 l/l957 Homuth 251/1496 [45] Patented Mar. 16,1971 2,999,499 9/1961 Willet..... 128/214 [73] Assignee Eschmann Bros. & Walsh Limited 3,064,648 11/1962 Bujan 128/214 Pnomy 7 Primary Examiner-Dalton L. Truluck 39,891 Att0rneyW1ll1am R. Liberman [54] INTRAVENOUS VALVE ASSEMBLY 2 Claims, 2 Drawing Figs. [52] U 8 Cl 128/2l4 ABSTRACT: The invention il'elates to dheVICCS for admlmstere e intravenous i j ti f Sue as d g th ti 141/3021 251/1496 128/221 251/347 128/274 or transfusion liquids. The device includes a valve body having Clo e e e e e e e e e e e e s I e e e e e e e a h ld f an i j ti dl Th h ld h an tl t ofseal'ch passage communicates the needle A nonretum 218 (NV), 274; 251/1495, valve is arranged in the valve body. A valve operating plunger 141/291, 296, 302 has a portion pro ecting from the body to enable the valve to be opened by operation of the plunger. The plunger has an [56] References Cited inlet passage through which liquid to be injected can pass from UNITED STATES PATENTS a syrmge into the valve body and thence pass the nonretum 1,363,128 12/1920 Kitaoka 128/218 valve to the outlet passage.

INTRAVENOUS VALVE ASSEMBLY BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION It is convenient to leave an indwelling needle in the vein of the patient so as to avoid repeated vein punctures. In order to introduce a needle into a vein, it is necessary to aspirate blood before giving the injection to make sure that the needle has been correctly located in a vein and not incorrectly located in the surrounding tissues. The anesthetist requires to see blood passing up above the hub of the syringe to indicate that the vein has been punctured. Where such repeated injections are required, the syringe is removed after the first injection, but is is convenient to leave the needle assembly in position on the patient. It is an object of the invention to provide a convenient needle assembly for this purpose.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS .FIG. 1 is a sectional elevation of a device for administering intravenous injection to a patient; and

FIG. 2 is a plan view of the same device.

DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT The invention provides a device for administering intravenous injections which comprises a valve body having a holder which is arranged to receive an injection needle and has an outlet passage which communicates with the needle, a nonreturii valve within the body, and a valve operating plunger having a portion projecting from the body so that operation of the plunger will open the valve. The plunger has an inlet passage through which liquid to be injected can pass from a syringe into the valve body and thence pass the nonreturn valve to the outlet passage.

The administration device illustrated in the drawings comprises a valve body 1 with the administration device illustrated in the drawings comprises a valve body I which is of generally cylindrical shape and is made of plastics material. The body 1 has integral wings which enable the valve body to be attached to a patient. The wings can be secured to the patient by strapping, or preferably, have on the surface intended to contact the patient a coating of a self-adhesive material. If desired, the wings can be replaced by an integral attachment disc.

One end of the valve body 1 receives a needle holder or hub 3 which is attached to an injection needle (not shown) which can be inserted in the vein of a patient. The needle holder or hub has an outlet passage 4 through which liquid can pass to the needle and thence to the patienLThe other end of the valve body contains a plunger 5 which is also of plastics material and has an inlet passage 6 through which an injection liquid can pass from a syringe. The outer end of the plunger 5 is of smaller diameter than the main portion of the plunger inside the valve body. The shoulder formed between the two portions of the plunger engages an abutment 7 inside the valve body so that the plunger cannot fall out of the body. The inner end of the inlet passage 6 of the plunger opens into a V-shaped recess 8 extending transversely of the plunger.

The inner recessed end of the plunger 5 is adjacent a rubber valve body 9. A coil spring 10 bears between the valve body 9 and the needle holder 3 to hold the valve member in a closed position against a valve seating 11 and, at the same time, to hold the plunger 5 against the abutment 7.

When it is desiredto administer an injection liquid to a patient the outlet end of a syringe is engaged with a locating portion 12 of the valve body. The pressure of the outlet end of the syringe against the outer end of the plunger 5 will cause aspiration of the blood of the patient if the needle is correctly located in the vein. The pressure of the syringe on the plunger will also displace the valve member 9 from its seating 11 and the liquid can therefore be forced from the syringe through the inlet passage 6, past the outside of the valve member 9 and out through the outlet passage 4.

As the device is conveniently made of plastics material it is a dis osable unit epeated in ections can be made without it being necessary to remove the needle assembly.

We claim:

1. A device for administering injection of fluid into and withdrawal thereof from a patient, said device comprising an elongated hollow body apertured at both ends thereof, a hollow needle holder at one end of the body and a fluid receptacle engagement at the other end of said body, a valve seat within the body, a movable valve member within the body, a longitudinally apertured plunger located within the body and limitedly movable longitudinally therewithin, spring means within the body between the one endthereof and the valve member urging the valve member normally against the valve seat and the inner end of the plunger thereby to close off communication through the device, the outer end of the plunger being engageable by a fluid receptacle from the other end of the body wherein inward movement of the plunger under the influence of the fluid expressed from the engaged receptacle against the normal biasing of the spring within the body unseats the valve thereby to open communication through the valve body in both directions selectively from and to the fluid receptacle.

2. A device as in claim 1 wherein the valve body, between the valve member seat and the said other end, is provided with an inwardly directed shoulder to limit longitudinal movement of the plunger within the body against the shoulder in a rearward direction under the normal biasing of the spring and against the valve member to the limit of compression of the spring means under positive forward movement of the plunger, the fluid receptacle engaging end of the plunger normally extending rearwardly of the body past the shoulder and being readily accessible for engagement by a movement controlling receptacle.

Claims (2)

1. A device for administering injection of fluid into and withdrawal thereof from a patient, said device comprising an elongated hollow body apertured at both ends thereof, a hollow needle holder at one end of the body and a fluid receptacle engagement at the other end of said body, a valve seat within the body, a movable valve member within the body, a longitudinally apertured plunger located within the body and limitedly movable longitudinally therewithin, spring means within the body between the one end thereof and the valve member urging the valve member normally against the valve seat and the inner end of the plunger thereby to close off communication through the device, the outer end of the plunger being engageable by a fluid receptacle from the other end of the body wherein inward movement of the plunger under the influence of the fluid expressed from the engaged receptacle against the normal biasing of the spring within the body unseats the valve thereby to open communication through the valve body in both directions selectively from and to the fluid receptacle.
2. A device as in claim 1 wherein the valve body, between the valve member seat and the said other end, is provided with an inwardly directed shoulder to limit longitudinal movement of the plunger within the body against the shoulder in a rearward direction under the normal biasing of the spring and against the valve member to the limit of compression of the spring means under positive forward movement of the plunger, the fluid receptacle engaging end of the plunger normally extending rearwardly of the body past the shoulder and being readily accessible for engagement by a movement controlling receptacle.
US3570484A 1967-08-31 1968-08-20 Intravenous valve assembly Expired - Lifetime US3570484A (en)

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GB3989167A GB1192986A (en) 1967-08-31 1967-08-31 Intravenous Valve Assembly

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US3850176A (en) * 1972-02-07 1974-11-26 G Gottschalk Nasal tampon
FR2302076A1 (en) * 1975-02-27 1976-09-24 Riis Ole Apparatus for blood collection
US4128098A (en) * 1976-12-06 1978-12-05 American Hospital Supply Corporation Valved spike transfer device
US4133314A (en) * 1976-12-06 1979-01-09 American Hospital Supply Corporation Extension transfer set
EP0002028A1 (en) * 1977-11-11 1979-05-30 Walter Sarstedt Kunststoff-Spritzgusswerk Device for extracting blood
US4224934A (en) * 1979-04-11 1980-09-30 American Medical Systems, Inc. Medical prosthetic pull valve and system for using same
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US4324239A (en) * 1980-06-20 1982-04-13 Whitman Medical Corp. Safety valve for preventing air embolism and hemorrhage
US4387879A (en) * 1978-04-19 1983-06-14 Eduard Fresenius Chemisch Pharmazeutische Industrie Kg Self-sealing connector for use with plastic cannulas and vessel catheters
WO1983002559A1 (en) * 1982-01-28 1983-08-04 Whitman Med Corp Safety valve for preventing air embolism or hemorrhage
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US1383209A (en) * 1919-07-30 1921-06-28 Iftiger William Carl Coupling
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US2999499A (en) * 1958-07-11 1961-09-12 Cutter Lab Flexible check valve

Cited By (143)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3850176A (en) * 1972-02-07 1974-11-26 G Gottschalk Nasal tampon
US3806086A (en) * 1973-03-15 1974-04-23 Nosco Plastics Automatic shut-off valve for administration of sterile fluids
FR2302076A1 (en) * 1975-02-27 1976-09-24 Riis Ole Apparatus for blood collection
US4128098A (en) * 1976-12-06 1978-12-05 American Hospital Supply Corporation Valved spike transfer device
US4133314A (en) * 1976-12-06 1979-01-09 American Hospital Supply Corporation Extension transfer set
EP0002028A1 (en) * 1977-11-11 1979-05-30 Walter Sarstedt Kunststoff-Spritzgusswerk Device for extracting blood
US4387879A (en) * 1978-04-19 1983-06-14 Eduard Fresenius Chemisch Pharmazeutische Industrie Kg Self-sealing connector for use with plastic cannulas and vessel catheters
US4224934A (en) * 1979-04-11 1980-09-30 American Medical Systems, Inc. Medical prosthetic pull valve and system for using same
EP0033528A1 (en) * 1980-02-04 1981-08-12 Becton, Dickinson and Company Fluid flow control device for use with an evacuated blood collection container
US4324239A (en) * 1980-06-20 1982-04-13 Whitman Medical Corp. Safety valve for preventing air embolism and hemorrhage
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