US3568871A - Closure cap - Google Patents

Closure cap Download PDF

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US3568871A
US3568871A US3568871DA US3568871A US 3568871 A US3568871 A US 3568871A US 3568871D A US3568871D A US 3568871DA US 3568871 A US3568871 A US 3568871A
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Prior art keywords
tonguelets
container
tonguelet
top
cap
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Jay G Livingstone
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JAY G LIVINGSTONE
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JAY G LIVINGSTONE
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D41/00Caps, e.g. crown caps or crown seals, i.e. members having parts arranged for engagement with the external periphery of a neck or wall defining a pouring opening or discharge aperture; Protective cap-like covers for closure members, e.g. decorative covers of metal foil or paper
    • B65D41/02Caps or cap-like covers without lines of weakness, tearing strips, tags, or like opening or removal devices
    • B65D41/04Threaded or like caps or cap-like covers secured by rotation
    • B65D41/0407Threaded or like caps or cap-like covers secured by rotation with integral sealing means
    • B65D41/0414Threaded or like caps or cap-like covers secured by rotation with integral sealing means formed by a plug, collar, flange, rib or the like contacting the internal surface of a container neck
    • B65D41/0421Threaded or like caps or cap-like covers secured by rotation with integral sealing means formed by a plug, collar, flange, rib or the like contacting the internal surface of a container neck and combined with integral sealing means contacting other surfaces of a container neck
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D41/00Caps, e.g. crown caps or crown seals, i.e. members having parts arranged for engagement with the external periphery of a neck or wall defining a pouring opening or discharge aperture; Protective cap-like covers for closure members, e.g. decorative covers of metal foil or paper
    • B65D41/02Caps or cap-like covers without lines of weakness, tearing strips, tags, or like opening or removal devices
    • B65D41/16Snap-on caps or cap-like covers
    • B65D41/18Snap-on caps or cap-like covers non-metallic, e.g. made of paper or plastics
    • B65D41/185Snap-on caps or cap-like covers non-metallic, e.g. made of paper or plastics with integral internal sealing means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S215/00Bottles and jars
    • Y10S215/01Fins

Abstract

A flexible cap is designed to make a tight seal with a bottle or the like. The cap may be either a snap-on or a screw-on cap. There are two annular tonguelets which extend down from the top of the cap, and preferably there is also an annular tongue. The tongue and tonguelets are concentric. The tonguelets are brought into pressure contact with the top surface of the wall of the bottle when the cap is in place on the bottle, and the tongue makes pressure contact with the inner top edge and/or the inner surface of the wall of the bottle. The tonguelets meet the top of the wall at an angle and when they are in pressure contact with this wall they are flexed. When both tonguelets are inclined inward, the outer tonguelet makes a greater angle with the skirt of the cap than the inner tonguelet so that when the tonguelets are flexed inward against the top of a bottle there is more room for the outer tonguelet to flex inward than if both tonguelets were parallel.

Description

O United States Patent 13,568,871

[72] Inventor Jay G. Livingstone 3,255,907 6/1966 Eddy 215/40 715 W. Market St., Akron, Ohio 44303 3,360,149 l2/l967 Roth 215/40 [21] Appl, No. 823,742 3,254,785 6/1966 Lovell 215/41 [22] Filed May 12, 1969 FOREIGN PATENTS [45] named 21 5531 133 1 an of s" N 202,476 3/1959 Austria 2l5/(Fin) 701524 Jan 8 Pate'ht 3 1,079,700 8/1967 Great Britain 215/40 477,152 1/1953 Italy 215/4l(578) 3,494,496, and a continuation-impart of 667 287 9/1964 Ital 2 l s/(pin) 797,922, Feb. 10,1969, abandoned. y

Primary Examiner-Donald F. Norton Att0rneyGordon C. Mack [54] CLOSURE CAP 4 Cl i 10 D i Fi ABSTRACT: A flexible cap is designed to make a tight seal U s 2l5/40 with a bottle or the like. The cap may be either a snap-on or a n I n l a a t i a a t a s a i t i Int Cl 3 7 down from the top of the cap, and preferably there is also an I I u 1 a I e I l a v a a e l n t a e s v q i e q u I a u v. 50 M fs h 865d 41/16 The tonguelets are brought into pressure contact with the top 1e 0 care 215/40, 4l, surface of the wall of the bottle when IThe p is in place on the (Fms); 220/60; 15 0/ bottle, and the tongue makes pressure contact with the inner [561 zzsgaztztfizi1?;that?t asfiizn sigzfaims-$2; UNITED STATES PATENTS are in pressure contact with this wall they are flexed. When 2,904,204 1959 Naphtal et 215/4l both tonguelets are inclined inward, the outer tonguelet 3,053,406 1962 wandell 215/41 makes a greater angle with the skirt of the cap than the inner 3,074,579 3 l r t 2l5/41 tonguelet so that when the tonguelets are flexed inward ,571 8/1965 PlunketL... 215/40 against the top of a bottle there is more room for the outer ,470 2/1966 Gibson 2 l 5/(F tonguelet to flex inward than if both tonguelets were-parallel.

PATENIEUMAR, 9mm

' sum 1 OF 3 I INVENTOR I ATTORNEY PATEN-IEDHAR 915m 3.568871 snmenra INVENTOR J. G ALIVINGSTONE CLOSURE CAP This application is a continuation-in-part of my applications Ser. No. 701,524 filed Jan. 8, 1968, now US. Pat. No. 3,494,496 and Ser. No. 797,922 filed Feb. 10, 1969, now abandoned. i

This invention relates to a flexible cap or other fitment for a container such as a bottle.

In the preferred form of the invention the cap is provided with a downwardly extending annular tongue and two annular tonguelets, all of which are concentric. It is not essential that the cap be provided with a tongue in addition to the two tonguelets. The tonguelets may be substantially parallel or may be directed toward or away from one another. The word tongue herein refers to a flexible downward extension from the top the cap which sealsagainst the inner surface of the wall of the container -either at the top inner edge or against the wall below the edge, and the word tonguelet is used more particularly to refer to a downward extension (usually smaller) from the cap which is pressed against the top of the wall of the container, although tonguelets is applied to such downward extensions from caps which are pressed against the top of the wall of the container, even though there be no tongue. Both tonguelets may incline inward or outward or they may be directed toward or away from one another. The tonguelets are directed away from the vertical so that they flex on contact with the container, and they flex independently of one another.

The cap may be of the snap-on type or of the type which screws on to threads on the bottle or other container.

The skirt of the cap may be indented adjacent the bottom surface of one or more tonguelets to give the tonguelets greater effective flexing length. If one or more tonguelets are slanted outward and extend beyond the outer edge of the top of the container when flexed, the inner surface of the skirt is advantageously indented to provide room for the ends of one or more tonguelets when flexed by contact with the upper edge of the container.

In a particular form of the invention, the outer surface of the tongue is provided with a bead or groovewhich interlocks with a groove or bead on the inner surface of the wall of the container. If the cap is of the snap-on type this interlocking means on the tongue and inner wall of thecontainer interlock when the cap is snapped on to the container.

If there are two tonguelets in a cap designed to contact the top surface of a bottle or the like, their lower ends must be very close together. If these tonguelets are parallel to one another, precautions are taken toinsure their independent movement. For instance, if both tonguelets are directed inward, when the outer tongueletis flexed, unless precautions are taken, it inner surface will contact the outer surface of the inner tonguelet, and the inner tounguelet will tend to be flexed inwardly by the outer tonguelet, thus lessening the pressure between the bottom end of this inner tounguelet and the top of the wall of the bottle. By having the tounguelets extend downwardly at different angles, as contemplated herein, whether they incline inward or outward, with the upper tonguelet making a larger angle with the top of the wall of the container than the lower tonguelet, such interference is greatly reduced or entirely eliminated.

When two tonguelets incline inward, the skirt of the cap can be indented at the base of one or both tonguelets to give them greater length and more room in which to flex than if there were no indentation. If the tonguelets incline outward, flexing space may be provided byindenting the skirt of the cap, as described in detail below.

Alternatively, the two tonguelets may be directed toward one another. They should be spaced far enough apart to prevent the tonguelets from contacting one another when they are flexed in use. This is advantageously done by providing more space between the tops of the tonguelets than between their bottoms. The top surfaces of two such tonguelets can be tapered or cut back so that they come to a point to prevent them from fouling each other as they are flexed upward, and thus gives them additional room in which to flex.

According to a different arrangement, the two tonguelets may be directed away from one another provided the top of the container wall is wide enough to accommodate them, or the skirt of the cap may be indented to accommodate them. The tonguelets may make sealing contact with the container only at the inner and outer edges of the container wall.

The invention is further described in connection with the accompanying drawings which are illustrative only, as the invention is applicable to different types of caps and containers.

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a view in section of one type of cap as it is being placed onto a bottle; 1

FIG. 2 is a section through a cap of different design;

FIG. 3 is a section through a cover with means for forming the same;

FIGS. 3-A and 3-8 show details of the core, etc. shown in FIG. 3;

FIG. 4 is a section through a modification of the cover of FIG. 3 with the neck of the container shown in dotted lines;

FIG. 5 is a detail ofamodification of the cover shown in FIG. 4, with the neck of the container shown in full lines;

FIG. 6 is a section through a portion; of a cap provided with an outwardly extending tonguelet;

FIG. 7 is a section through a cap .with two tonguelets directed away from each other; and

FIG. 8 is a view of a cap with a tongue and two outwardly directed tonguelets.

The cap 5 of FIG. 1 is provided with threads 6 so that it can be threaded onto threads 7 on the neck of the bottle 8. It might equally well be a screw-on cap. As the cap is fastened onto the bottle the top surface 10 of the neck rises between the tongue 11 and the skirt 12 from the: position shown in FIG. 1 substantially to the dotted line 10a. The tongue 11 makes pressure contact with the inner surface of the neck 8 and is deflected inward as indicated in dotted lines. If the outward bulge of the tongue is somewhatlower than illustrated in FIG. 1, so that the bottle neck rises above it when the cap is in sealing position, the outer surface of the tongue will not be indented as shown at 14, but a portion of the outer surface of the tongue will be flattened.

The tonguelets 20 and 21 are inclined inward toward the tongue 11. Before contacting the neck of-the bottle they extend to about the same level. This is indicated by the line a. As the cap is seated on the bottle, these tonguelets are flexed inward by the top of the bottle as it rises to the line l0a'or higher, and they independently maketight seals with the top surface of the bottle neck. Two such seals are much better than one because the top surface of a bottle is usually not flat, but is wavy (particularly at the seam where the two mold parts used in forming the bottle, come together), and a single seal made by a single tongue, is not as tight as two seals. 1

The top surface of the bottle neck is not very wide. In order to have two tonguelets make individual seals with the top surface of the neck, these tonguelets must be quite close together. If they were parallel to one another, when flexed inward due to pressure against the top surface of the bottle neck, the upper tonguelet would be apt to contact the upper surface of the lower tonguelet and exert downward pressure against it which would lessen the pressure exerted between the bottom edge of the upper tonguelet and the top surface of the bottle. This is avoided by arranging the upper tonguelet at a greater angle to the top edge of the container than the lower tonguelet. If both tonguelets incline from the skirt, it is helpful to have the tonguelets as far apart, as at 24 where they join the skirt. With this arrangement, as the tonguelets are flexed against the bottle top, the lower tonguelet is flexed inward suf flciently to be moved to a position in which it is either out of contact with the upper tonguelet when it is flexed, or there is so little pressure between the two that it has no material effect on the pressure exerted by the lower tonguelet against the top surface of the bottle. I

The inward flexing of the upper tonguelet is enhanced by having the skirt dished outward at 25, just below the outer tonguelet. Thus the outer tonguelet flexes from a point which is out beyond the vertical inner wall 26 of the skirt of the cap.

The flexibility of the tongue 11 is similarly improved by providing an indentation 27 in the top inside of the tongue, adjacent the joinder of the tongue with the top of the cap which in effect lengthens the tongue.

Instead of providing a spiral bead on the outer surface of the bottle neck, the bottle neck may be grooved spirally to be engaged by a spiral bead on the inner surface of the skirt.

The invention is not limited to a cap which is threaded on to a container, and FIG. 2 shows a cap 30 of the snap-on type which there is an annular groove 31 which snaps over an annular bead on the bottle neck. The bottle is not shown. As shown in FIG. 1, when a bead is provided on the outer surface of the neck of a bottle made of organic plastic or even glass or metal, there is usually an indentation 32 on the inner surface of the neck opposite the bead. Conversely, if the bead were on the inner surface of the bottle neck a groove would usually be formed on the outer surface. The bead 7 in FIG. 1 is much larger than the groove because the neck illustrates a bottle which has been blown inwardly into a form, and the indentation 32 occurs opposite the bulge 7.

The tongue 33 of FIG. 2 is provided with a bead 34 designed to be engaged in sealing contact with a groove of substantially the same size in the inner surface of the bottle neck when the bead on the outer surface of a bottle is engaged in the snap-on groove 31of the skirt. For this reason the bead 34 is at the same level as the groove 31. It is to be understood that the groove 31 might be replaced by a bead which would be snapped into a groove in the neck of the bottle and the bead 34 might be replaced by a groove which would snap over the bead on the inner surface of the bottle, in sealing contact with it.

The inclination of the tongue 33 and its shape may be varied very materially. A tongue with a bead such as bead 34 (or a groove for interlocking with the inner surface of a bead on the neck of a bottle) is novel and such a tongue may be provided in many different types of caps. Such caps may be provided with a single tonguelet or may comprise no tonguelet at all. The shape of the tongue is quite immaterial. It may be substantially vertical or it might be slanted, or the bead 34 might be on an outward bulge of a tongue similar to the bulge of the tongue 11 ofFIG. l.

The tongue may readily be designed to make sealing contact with the inner edge of the bottle neck, and this may be in addition to making sealing contact with the inner surface of the bottle neck.

The tonguelets 35 and 36 are of much the same design as those shown in FIG. 1. They extend away from the skirt at different angles. They may vary in thickness, depending upon the width of the top edge of the container. Their lower ends may be rounded or may be provided with a relatively sharp edge for contact with the top surface of a bottle neck. They advantageously vary in length, as illustrated. As tonguelet 35 is flexed upward it does not contact tonguelet 36 because there is more space between the upper portions of the tonguelets at 37 than between their lower portions. The top surfaces of the tonguelets may taper sharply to a point and/or may be cut back on their opposed surfaces in order to give additional space for flexing without contacting.

The cap may be indented at the base of any tongue or tonguelet to facilitate flexing. The indentation is preferably provided on the side of the tongue or tonguelet where the cap is placed under tension when the tongue or tonguelet is flexed, but it may be on the side which is compressed, or it may be on both sides.

The two tonguelets form a better seal than a single tonguelet. If the bottle includes a tongue, this provides a further seal with the bottle neck. The interlocking threads or the snapon interlock provide a further seal. Thus the improved cap provides means for very efficient sealing with a bottle neck or the like. It may even maintain a different pressure within the bottle or other container, than prevails outside of it.

FIG. 3 shows a cover with parts of the mold used in forming it. Thus, the inside of the cover 170 and between the flange 171 and the skirt 172 are the two cores 173 and 174. In addition to these there is the third core 175 which fits up in between the two tongulets 176 and 177. This spaces the ends of the tonguelets so that they do not touch one another when flexed up. The pin 178 fits between the groove 179 in the lower extension 180 of this core and the outside surface of the core 173. The purpose of this pin is to hold the core 180 in position. This core is shown separately from the rest of the mold and the cover in FIG. 3-A. The ejector pin 178 is to separate the cover from the cores. The ejector 183 cooperates with the ejection pin 178. The detailed FIG. 3-8 shows how the two cores 180 and 173 fit into one another.

FIG. 4 shows a somewhat smaller similar cover but with a tongue 188 which is somewhat different in shape from the tongue 171. The tonguelets 176 and 177 are flexed against the top of the neck 18.; of the bottle or other container when applied thereto. Tonguelet's 176 and 177 are directed toward one another and their inner edges make sealing contact with the top edge of neck 185. The cap is not shaped to make a tight fit with the outer edge of the top of the neck, but space at 181 is provided to permit tonguelets 176 and 177 also 171 to flex without any great distortion of the cap. The inside diameters of bottle necks vary, and also the distance between the top of the bottle neck and the top of the snap-on interlock at 186 and 187 will vary. Thus the tonguelets are deflected more of less, depending upon the height of the neck, and they form two seals with the top of the neck. The tongue 188 is flexed inwardly by the neck as it is inserted between the tongue and the skirt 172, and sealing contact is made between this tongue 188 and the top inner corner 189 of the neck. Indentations 181 in the cover immediately below the base of each tongue, permit the tongues to be flexed more easily and minimize the distortion of the cover when the tongues are flexed. The tonguelets need not be the same length; either one may be longer than the other depending upon where they are located and the angle they make with the top of the container.

Although in the earlier views the outer surface of the flange on contact with the inner surface of the neck of a container was distorted, in FIG. 5 a tongue 190 is shown which may be of any suitable shape, and it is noted that this tongue is deflected inwardly without any great distortion as the neck 192 of the bottle fits up into the cover 193. The sealing contact is between the comer 195 at the upper inner edge of the neck and the tongue 190. The distance the neck fits up into the cover will vary, depending upon the height of the neck above the bead or threads, and it may contact the wall 197 of the cover which, in that event will serve as a tonguelet to form a seal, but such contact is not necessary and the height of the neck will vary, so whether contact is made, and the pressure applied at contact is unpredictable. The openings 199 at the sides of the tongue 190 where it joins the rest of the cover are indented to facilitate inward flexing of the tongue 190 with minimum distortion of the balance of the cover.

FIG. 6 shows a single tonguelet 200 which is adapted to contact the top edge of the wall of a container when the cap 201 is placed on the container. The skirt 202 of the cap is cut away at 203 to accommodate the end of the tonguelet 200 if the cap fits down so far on the container as to cause the end of the tonguelet to extend beyond the outer edge of the container wall.

FIG. 7 shows a cap 210 provided with two annular tonguelets 211 and 212 and an annular tongue 214. When the cap is placed over the top of the container, the skirt 216 fits against the outer surface of the top portion of the wall of the container. The tonguelets 211 and 212 are directed away from one another. As the cap is pressed down over the container the tongue 214 makes sealing contact with the inner surface of the wall at its upper inside edge. On contact with the top of the wall the two tonguelets flare apart (as shown in dotted lines) and seal against it in two areas. The area of contact between the tonguelets and the top of the wall will depend upon the flexibility of the tonguelets.

1-, but the tonguelets 222 and 223 are directed outwardly.

Theyare adapted to make seals with the top edge of a container when they make pressure'co'ntact with it. The tongue 224 also makes sealing contact with the container. Note that the upper inner surface of the skirt is cut away to make the indentation 225 to accommodate the end of the outer tonguelet when the tonguelets are flexed outward by contact with a container.

The closure cap may be provided with a cylindrical upward extension of small diameter, the top of which is to be snipped off when the contents of the container are to be used. Such a structure is not uncommon in plastic closure caps for bottles containing liquids to be used from time to time in small amount. A closure for this extension may be provided for use after the top has been snipped away. This closure may be a cap attached to the main closure cap (such as closure cap 5 of FIG. 1 provided with such an upward extension of small diameter, usually tapering) by suitable strap means, as is known in the art. Thus the principle of the invention is applicable to containers and closure capsof different designs.

Thus the closures more specifically disclosed herein can be modified to form fitments suitable for a variety of purposes, other than mere closure means, and such fitments may be provided with tongues and/or tonguelets as disclosed herein. The containers to which the closures or other fitments are applied need not comprise necks, although the fitments are designed more particularly for use on the necks ofbottles, which necks may be longer or shorter, and the skirts of the fitments may extend downover the outsides of the containers for greater or lesser distances while still providingadequate sealing means, even to retain pressure within the containers.

1. A flexible closure cap for a container which comprises a skirtto contact with the surface of the wall of the container beyond the outer surface of the and an annular tonguelet which depends from the top ofthe cap and is inclined outwardly, the end of which tonguelet when the tonguelet is flexed upwardly. is adapted to extend container wall, and the inner surface of said skirt is indented near its top to accommodate the end of the tonguelet when so flexed.

2. The combination of a container with an opening at the top and a closure cap of flexible material with a skirt which fits over the opening, means on the inner surface of the skirt engaged with means on the outer surface of the wall of the container near the top thereof, and upper and lower angular concentric tonguelets angling down from the top of the cap in sub-' stantially the same direction, to substantially thesame level, into pressure contact with the top surface of the wall of the container, there being more space between the tonguelets at their tops than at their bottoms, said tonguelets being spaced from each other at their bottoms and the lower tonguelet making a smaller angle with the top surface of the wall of the container than the upper tonguelet whereby when the tonguelets are flexed by contact with the top surface of the wall of the container there is more room for'the lower tonguelet to flex than if the tonguelets were parallel.

3. The combination of claim 2 in which the tonguelets angle inwardly.

4. A closure cap for a container, which cap is composed of flexible material and comprises a skirt adapted to fit over the open top of the container, an annular tongue which depends from the cap inside.of the skirt and is adapted to extend into the top of the container and make sealing contact with the container, and a tonguelet which extends down from the cap between the skirt and the tongue, adjacent the tongue, there being an annular indentation that spaces the bases of the tongue and tonguelet and narrows thebase of the tongue and tonguelet and gives them greater flexibility.

Claims (4)

1. A flexible closure cap for a container which comprises a skirt to contact with the surface of the wall of the container and an annular tonguelet which depends from the top of the cap and is inclined outwardly, the end of which tonguelet when the tonguelet is flexed upwardly is adapted to extend beyond the outer surface of the container wall, and the inner surface of said skirt is indented near its top to accommodate the end of the tonguelet when so flexed.
2. The combination of a container with an opening at the top and a closure cap of flexible material with a skirt which fits over the opening, means on the inner surface of the skirt engaged with means on the outer surface of the wall of the container near the top thereof, and upper and lower angular concentric tonguelets angling down from the top of the cap in substantially the same direction, to substantially the same level, into pressure contact with the top surface of the wall of the container, there being more space between the tonguelets at their tops than at their bottoms, said tonguelets being spaced from each other at their bottoms and the lower tonguelet making a smaller angle with the top surface of the wall of the container than the upper tonguelet whereby when the tonguelets are flexed by contact with the top surface of the wall of the container there is more room for the lower tonguelet to flex than if the tonguelets were parallel.
3. The combination of claim 2 in which the tonguelets angle inwardly.
4. A closure cap for a container, which cap is composed of flexible material and comprises a skirt adapted to fit over the open top of the container, an annular tongue which depends from the cap inside of the skirt and is adapted to extend into the top of the container and make sealing contact with the container, and a tonguelet which extends down from the cap between the skirt and the tongue, adjacent the tongue, there being an annular indentation that spaces the bases of the tongue and tonguelet and narrows the base of the tongue and tonguelet and gives them greater flexibility.
US3568871D 1969-05-12 1969-05-12 Closure cap Expired - Lifetime US3568871A (en)

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US3900122A (en) * 1972-07-21 1975-08-19 Dichter Hans Joachim Containers with stoppers
US4209102A (en) * 1977-07-18 1980-06-24 Aluminum Company Of America Linerless plastic closure
FR2453086A1 (en) * 1979-04-03 1980-10-31 Wiedmer Plastikform W Closing screw for container
FR2480711A3 (en) * 1980-04-17 1981-10-23 Astra Plastique Bottle stopper for gaseous liquids - has conical resilient seal extending bottle and two outside sealing rings bearing against rim
US4360114A (en) * 1981-11-16 1982-11-23 Thoroughbred Plastics Corp. Linerless bottle cap
US4461392A (en) * 1982-06-22 1984-07-24 American Safety Closure Corp. Threaded plastic bottle cap
EP0146011A2 (en) * 1983-12-13 1985-06-26 Ivo J. Hauser Container with lid
US4566603A (en) * 1984-07-12 1986-01-28 Phoenix Closures, Inc. Linerless closure
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US4623070A (en) * 1985-01-29 1986-11-18 Shibazaki Seisakusho Ltd. Closure cap
US4714167A (en) * 1984-11-28 1987-12-22 Jeffrey Sandhaus Plastic linerless closure
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US5101993A (en) * 1990-05-10 1992-04-07 Phoenix Closures, Inc. Closure seal
US5165562A (en) * 1991-03-25 1992-11-24 Raney Robert J Anti-splash paint can cover
WO1993024386A1 (en) * 1992-05-27 1993-12-09 Schekra Verpackungs Gmbh & Co. Kg Closure cap
EP0575987A2 (en) * 1992-06-26 1993-12-29 Mouldtec PVG AG Closure for drinks bottle
US5297688A (en) * 1992-03-03 1994-03-29 Creative Packaging Corp. Closure for sealing a container rim
US5383558A (en) * 1992-09-11 1995-01-24 Kraft General Foods, Inc. Sealed container
US5421470A (en) * 1991-03-06 1995-06-06 Lawson Mardon Sutton Ltd. Cap for sealing a container
US5423444A (en) * 1988-06-17 1995-06-13 Mk Plastics Pty Ltd. Linerless closure for carbonated beverage container
US5489036A (en) * 1994-11-30 1996-02-06 Kraft Foods, Inc. Screw threaded container with a triple seal
US5630522A (en) * 1996-02-09 1997-05-20 Rexam Closures, Inc. Dual contact plug seal for threaded closure
US5638972A (en) * 1988-06-17 1997-06-17 Druitt; Rodney Malcolm Linerless closure for carbonated beverage container
WO1997035773A2 (en) * 1996-03-22 1997-10-02 Beeson And Sons Limited Snap-on, twist-off container closure assemblies
WO1998035881A1 (en) * 1997-02-14 1998-08-20 Bericap Gmbh & Co. Kg Plastic screw top
US6257432B1 (en) 1999-12-29 2001-07-10 Phoenix Closures, Inc. Cap and container assembly
US6260723B1 (en) * 1996-11-02 2001-07-17 Tetra-Laval Holdings & Finance Package for flowable media having a snap lid and preform for making same
US6260722B1 (en) 1999-12-29 2001-07-17 Phoenix Closures, Inc. Cap and container assembly
US6491175B1 (en) * 2000-06-28 2002-12-10 Saad Taha Single piece closure for a pressurized container
US6527132B1 (en) 1997-07-14 2003-03-04 Closures And Packaging Services Limited Closure with extended seal member
US6679395B1 (en) * 1998-08-22 2004-01-20 Crown Cork & Seal Technologies Corporation Venting closure
US6695161B2 (en) * 2001-02-08 2004-02-24 Japan Crown Cork Co., Ltd. Plastic container closure
US20040035818A1 (en) * 2000-11-21 2004-02-26 King Roger Milner Plug seals for user-friendly cap assemblies
US20050023772A1 (en) * 2003-07-28 2005-02-03 Gary England Shaped sealing gasket
US20050194343A1 (en) * 2004-03-08 2005-09-08 Drug Plastics & Glass Company, Inc. Closure with linerless seal
US20060138073A1 (en) * 2004-12-16 2006-06-29 Toyo Seikan Kaisha, Ltd. Plastic cap featuring excellent sealing and venting
US20060255004A1 (en) * 2005-05-12 2006-11-16 Owens-Illinois Prescription Products Inc. Child-resistant closure, container and package convertible to non-child-resistant operation
US20070175853A1 (en) * 2004-05-25 2007-08-02 Markus Kebben Sealing cap
US20070205196A1 (en) * 2006-02-23 2007-09-06 Bway Corporation Lid and Container
US20070210462A1 (en) * 2006-03-09 2007-09-13 Invacare Corporation Cap
US20080314916A1 (en) * 2007-06-22 2008-12-25 John Louis Dimartino Snap overcap closure for a container
US20120273452A1 (en) * 2010-01-06 2012-11-01 Soehnlen Daniel P Combined lip and shoulder seal for threaded cap
WO2015061892A1 (en) * 2013-10-28 2015-05-07 Husky Injection Molding Systems Ltd. Screw cap for containers
US20150129534A1 (en) * 2013-11-08 2015-05-14 Sacmi Cooperativa Meccanici Imola Societa' Cooperativa Closure capsule for containers
US9051095B2 (en) 2011-10-12 2015-06-09 Sonoco Development, Inc. Sealing overcap for a container
WO2015193971A1 (en) * 2014-06-17 2015-12-23 サントリーホールディングス株式会社 Resin cap

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US3851784A (en) * 1972-04-24 1974-12-03 Polytop Corp Seal structure
US3900122A (en) * 1972-07-21 1975-08-19 Dichter Hans Joachim Containers with stoppers
US4209102A (en) * 1977-07-18 1980-06-24 Aluminum Company Of America Linerless plastic closure
FR2453086A1 (en) * 1979-04-03 1980-10-31 Wiedmer Plastikform W Closing screw for container
FR2480711A3 (en) * 1980-04-17 1981-10-23 Astra Plastique Bottle stopper for gaseous liquids - has conical resilient seal extending bottle and two outside sealing rings bearing against rim
US4360114A (en) * 1981-11-16 1982-11-23 Thoroughbred Plastics Corp. Linerless bottle cap
US4461392A (en) * 1982-06-22 1984-07-24 American Safety Closure Corp. Threaded plastic bottle cap
US4574966A (en) * 1983-11-07 1986-03-11 Jeffrey Sandhaus Plastic linerless closure
EP0146011A3 (en) * 1983-12-13 1986-10-08 Ivo J. Hauser Container with lid
EP0146011A2 (en) * 1983-12-13 1985-06-26 Ivo J. Hauser Container with lid
US4566603A (en) * 1984-07-12 1986-01-28 Phoenix Closures, Inc. Linerless closure
US4714167A (en) * 1984-11-28 1987-12-22 Jeffrey Sandhaus Plastic linerless closure
US4623070A (en) * 1985-01-29 1986-11-18 Shibazaki Seisakusho Ltd. Closure cap
US4971213A (en) * 1987-04-21 1990-11-20 Japan Crown Cork Co., Ltd. Plastic cap
US5423444A (en) * 1988-06-17 1995-06-13 Mk Plastics Pty Ltd. Linerless closure for carbonated beverage container
US6082569A (en) * 1988-06-17 2000-07-04 Closures And Packaging Services Limited Linerless closure for carbonated beverage container
US5836464A (en) * 1988-06-17 1998-11-17 Closures And Packaging Services Limited Closure for beverage container
US6805252B2 (en) 1988-06-17 2004-10-19 Closures And Packaging Services Limited Container and linerless closure combination
US7431877B2 (en) 1988-06-17 2008-10-07 Closures And Packaging Services Limited Linerless closure for carbonated beverage container
US5638972A (en) * 1988-06-17 1997-06-17 Druitt; Rodney Malcolm Linerless closure for carbonated beverage container
US6325228B1 (en) 1988-06-17 2001-12-04 Closures And Packaging Services Limited Linerless closure for carbonated beverage container
US4955504A (en) * 1988-10-06 1990-09-11 Wavin B.V. Injection-moulded plastic lid for a container and a container having such an injection-moulded plastic lid
US5101993A (en) * 1990-05-10 1992-04-07 Phoenix Closures, Inc. Closure seal
US5421470A (en) * 1991-03-06 1995-06-06 Lawson Mardon Sutton Ltd. Cap for sealing a container
US5165562A (en) * 1991-03-25 1992-11-24 Raney Robert J Anti-splash paint can cover
US5297688A (en) * 1992-03-03 1994-03-29 Creative Packaging Corp. Closure for sealing a container rim
WO1993024386A1 (en) * 1992-05-27 1993-12-09 Schekra Verpackungs Gmbh & Co. Kg Closure cap
EP0575987A3 (en) * 1992-06-26 1994-06-08 Mouldtec Pvg Ag Closure for drinks bottle
EP0575987A2 (en) * 1992-06-26 1993-12-29 Mouldtec PVG AG Closure for drinks bottle
US5383558A (en) * 1992-09-11 1995-01-24 Kraft General Foods, Inc. Sealed container
US5931323A (en) * 1992-09-11 1999-08-03 Kraft Foods, Inc. Sealed container
US5489036A (en) * 1994-11-30 1996-02-06 Kraft Foods, Inc. Screw threaded container with a triple seal
US5630522A (en) * 1996-02-09 1997-05-20 Rexam Closures, Inc. Dual contact plug seal for threaded closure
WO1997035773A2 (en) * 1996-03-22 1997-10-02 Beeson And Sons Limited Snap-on, twist-off container closure assemblies
WO1997035773A3 (en) * 1996-03-22 1997-12-31 Beeson & Sons Ltd Snap-on, twist-off container closure assemblies
US6260723B1 (en) * 1996-11-02 2001-07-17 Tetra-Laval Holdings & Finance Package for flowable media having a snap lid and preform for making same
WO1998035881A1 (en) * 1997-02-14 1998-08-20 Bericap Gmbh & Co. Kg Plastic screw top
US6991123B2 (en) 1997-07-14 2006-01-31 Closures And Packaging Services Limited Closure with extended seal member
US6527132B1 (en) 1997-07-14 2003-03-04 Closures And Packaging Services Limited Closure with extended seal member
US20030116523A1 (en) * 1997-07-14 2003-06-26 Closures And Packaging Services Limited Closure with extended seal member
US6679395B1 (en) * 1998-08-22 2004-01-20 Crown Cork & Seal Technologies Corporation Venting closure
US6260722B1 (en) 1999-12-29 2001-07-17 Phoenix Closures, Inc. Cap and container assembly
US6257432B1 (en) 1999-12-29 2001-07-10 Phoenix Closures, Inc. Cap and container assembly
US6640988B2 (en) 2000-06-28 2003-11-04 Saad Taha Container closure
US6491175B1 (en) * 2000-06-28 2002-12-10 Saad Taha Single piece closure for a pressurized container
US7055710B2 (en) * 2000-11-21 2006-06-06 Beeson And Sons Limited Plug seals for user-friendly cap assemblies
US20040035818A1 (en) * 2000-11-21 2004-02-26 King Roger Milner Plug seals for user-friendly cap assemblies
US6695161B2 (en) * 2001-02-08 2004-02-24 Japan Crown Cork Co., Ltd. Plastic container closure
US20050023772A1 (en) * 2003-07-28 2005-02-03 Gary England Shaped sealing gasket
WO2005012770A3 (en) * 2003-07-28 2006-07-13 Gary Englund Shaped sealing gasket
WO2005012770A2 (en) * 2003-07-28 2005-02-10 Gary Englund Shaped sealing gasket
US20050194343A1 (en) * 2004-03-08 2005-09-08 Drug Plastics & Glass Company, Inc. Closure with linerless seal
US20070175853A1 (en) * 2004-05-25 2007-08-02 Markus Kebben Sealing cap
US20060138073A1 (en) * 2004-12-16 2006-06-29 Toyo Seikan Kaisha, Ltd. Plastic cap featuring excellent sealing and venting
US7575121B2 (en) * 2004-12-16 2009-08-18 Japan Crown Cork Co., Ltd. Plastic cap featuring excellent sealing and venting
US7922017B2 (en) * 2005-05-12 2011-04-12 Rexam Prescription Products Inc. Child-resistant closure, container and package convertible to non-child-resistant operation
US20060255004A1 (en) * 2005-05-12 2006-11-16 Owens-Illinois Prescription Products Inc. Child-resistant closure, container and package convertible to non-child-resistant operation
US20070205196A1 (en) * 2006-02-23 2007-09-06 Bway Corporation Lid and Container
US7963419B2 (en) * 2006-02-23 2011-06-21 Bway Corporation Lid and container
US20070210462A1 (en) * 2006-03-09 2007-09-13 Invacare Corporation Cap
US7913985B2 (en) 2006-03-09 2011-03-29 Invacare Corporation Cap
US20080314916A1 (en) * 2007-06-22 2008-12-25 John Louis Dimartino Snap overcap closure for a container
US8047398B2 (en) * 2007-06-22 2011-11-01 Kraft Foods Global Brands Llc Snap overcap closure for a container
US20120273452A1 (en) * 2010-01-06 2012-11-01 Soehnlen Daniel P Combined lip and shoulder seal for threaded cap
US9051095B2 (en) 2011-10-12 2015-06-09 Sonoco Development, Inc. Sealing overcap for a container
WO2015061892A1 (en) * 2013-10-28 2015-05-07 Husky Injection Molding Systems Ltd. Screw cap for containers
US20150129534A1 (en) * 2013-11-08 2015-05-14 Sacmi Cooperativa Meccanici Imola Societa' Cooperativa Closure capsule for containers
WO2015193971A1 (en) * 2014-06-17 2015-12-23 サントリーホールディングス株式会社 Resin cap
JPWO2015193971A1 (en) * 2014-06-17 2017-04-27 サントリーホールディングス株式会社 Resin cap

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