US356882A - Geoege e - Google Patents

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US356882A
US356882A US356882DA US356882A US 356882 A US356882 A US 356882A US 356882D A US356882D A US 356882DA US 356882 A US356882 A US 356882A
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staves
hoop
head
hoops
iron
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D9/00Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of wood or substitutes therefor
    • B65D9/32Details of wooden walls; Connections between walls
    • B65D9/34Joints; Local reinforcements
    • B65D9/38Metal bands or strips

Description

llniTTnn dTnTrs PnTnnT GEORGE It. NAFIS, OF BROOKLY, NEW YORK.
CASK OR TUB.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No, 355,882, dated February 1, 1837,
Application filed November 1, 1886. Serial No. 217,647. (No model.)
To @ZZ whom it may concern,.-
Beit known that I, Geenen R. NAris, of Brooklyn, in the county of' Kings and State of New York, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Caslrs and Tubs, of which the following is a specification.
My invention is applicable to barrels or other cashs and also to tubs and analogous vessels in which the staves are formed with a croze or groove for receiving the head or bottom, and the object of my invention is to secure the bottom or head against outward displacement and also to support the staves beyond the croze against any force or blow delivered upon the exterior of the staves, and which will tend to break off their ends projecting beyond the croze.
The invention consists in the combination, with a casl; or tub composed of staves and a head or bottom fitting a croze or groove in the stavcs, and beyond which the staven eXtendto form a chine or analogous projection, of an angle-iron hoop secured within the staves and outside the head or bottom and having one flange overlapping the head or bottom and the other ange lapping the chine or projection of the staves and terminating at or inward of the ends of the staves, whereby the head or bottom is held in place and the ends of the sta-ves are sustained beyond the croze or groove which receives the head or bottom. Such a hoop of angle-iron may be employed in connection with the outer hoop which encircles the staves at their ends, and rivets or other securing devices common to both hoops may be inserted directly through the inner and outer hoops and the interposed staves. In connection with the hoop of angle-iron as applied to the bottom of a tub, l may also provide a second angle-iron hoop arranged upon the inner side of the bottom, and rivets or securing devices may be inserted directly through both the angle-iron hoops, the outer hoop, and the intervening staves.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure l is a sectional view of a barrel or cash embodying my invention. Fig, 2 is an end view thereof. Fig. 3 is a detail sectional view upon a larger scale, showing one corner portion of the barrel. Fig. 4 is a vertical section of a tub or aslrreceiver, also embodying my invention;
and Fig. 5 is a detail sectional view upon a larger scale, showing one lower corner portion of the tub shown in Fig. 4C.
Similar letters of reference designate corresponding parts in all the iigures.
Referring first to Figs. l, 2, and 3, A designates the staves, and B the heads, of a barrel or cask, the heads being fitted to a groove or croze, b, in the staves, as is usual. Interino` diate between the ends of the cash or barrel are hoops C, and at the ends are hoops C', which encircle the end portions of the stavcs that project beyond the heads B to iorm the chine b.
Upon the outer side of each head,and within the chine b or circular projection of the staves, I place a hoop, D, which is made of angleiron bent into circular form. One dange, d, of this hoop overlaps the outer side of the head B, while the other ilange, d', laps upon the inner side of the chine b or circular pro jection of the staves beyond the head. The flange d', which laps upon the chine, does not project beyond the ed gc of the ehine,but terminates at or inward of said edge, and the hoop Def angleiron is entirely distinct from the outer hoop C. ln this example of the invention the inner hoop D is secured in place by rivets eor analogous securing devices, which are inserted through the iiange d, the outer hoop C', and the intervening staves or chine b of the cash.
lf desired, the flange cZ of the inner hoop D might be secured to the head by screws e or analogous devices, as is shown in Fig. 3; but this is not necessary, as the angle-iron hoops D have simply to resist the outward pressure upon the heads.
In Figs. 4 and 5, A designates the stoves, and B the bottoni, of a tub or analogous vessel. which may be usedfor an ash or garbage receptacle or for containing an icecream freezer. The staves A project beyond the bottom to form achine projection, b', and the head B is inserted in a croze or groove, b, as before described. In this example of the invention the hoops D of angle-iron are secured upon both the inner and outer sides of the bottom, and have their iianges d lapping upon the bottom and their flanges d lapping upon the staves. The tub has at the bottom an outer hoop, C',
IOO
which encirclcs the staves,and,as here shown, the two angle-iron hoops are secured in place by rivets or securing devices c, inserted directly through the bottom and the anges d of the upper and lower hoops D,and by rivets or analogous securing devices e, inserted through the anges d of both the'angle-iron hoops, the outer hoop C', and. the intervening stares A. By this construction the bottom B is held both against downward pressure, which would result from the weight of the contents of the tub, and against any upward pressure or blow which would result from the tub being thrown down upon a stone or other obstruction which would strike the bottom before the chine projection b' comes in contact i with the ground.
My inventiomwithout materially increasing the cost of manufacture of casks and tubs,adds greatly to their strength. The ends of the angle-iron employed to form the hoopsD may be welded together, if desired; but it is not necessary that they be united, and the hoop may be made by simply bending a piece Ot' angle-iron of proper length to form a circle of the desired size, the ends being left unconnected with each other.
lt is advantageous to employ the angle-iron hoop or hoops as above described, because by the outer and inner hoops D D the head or bottom is prevented from becoming displaced, and by the outer hoop D the end portions of the staves which project beyond the Croze or groove receiving the head or bottom are sustained against breakage. rlhe angle-iron hoops within the staves and outside the head or bottom and having one ange lapping the chine or projection of the staves and terminating at or inward of the ends of the staves, whereby the head or bottom is held in place and the projecting ends ofthe staves are sustained beyond the Croze, substantially as herein described. p
2. The combination,with a casl; ortub composed of staves and a head or bottom fitting the croze or groove in the staves and beyond which the stares extend to form a chine or analogous projection, of an outer hoop, C', encircling the staves at their ends, and a second hoop made of angle-iron separate from the first secured within the staves and outside the head or bottom, and having one Iiunge lapping the head or bottoni and the other flange lapping upon the chine or projection ofthe staves, and securing devices inserted through both said hoops and the intervening staves, substantially as herein described.
3. The combination,with thebottom or head B and the staves A, projecting beyond the same and formed with the croze or groove receiviug the bottom or head. of the outer hoop C', the inner hoops D D, made separate from the outer hoop and of angle-iron and applied at opposite sides ot' the bottom or head, and securing devices inserted through the outer hoop,the anges d of the inner hoops, andthe intervening staves, substantially as herein de` scribed.
GEORGE R. NAFIS.
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2651432A (en) * 1950-02-16 1953-09-08 Ralph S Mcconnell Sealed shipping container
US20100025396A1 (en) * 2006-04-18 2010-02-04 Boake Brian G Composite barrel

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2651432A (en) * 1950-02-16 1953-09-08 Ralph S Mcconnell Sealed shipping container
US20100025396A1 (en) * 2006-04-18 2010-02-04 Boake Brian G Composite barrel

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