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Replaceable spike for shoes

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Publication number
US3566489A
US3566489A US3566489DA US3566489A US 3566489 A US3566489 A US 3566489A US 3566489D A US3566489D A US 3566489DA US 3566489 A US3566489 A US 3566489A
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Prior art keywords
member
spike
portion
sole
tubular
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Robert C Morley
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Robert C Morley
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43DMACHINES, TOOLS, EQUIPMENT OR METHODS FOR MANUFACTURING OR REPAIRING FOOTWEAR
    • A43D100/00Setting or removing eyelets, buttons, lacing-hooks, or elastic gussets in shoes
    • A43D100/14Devices for removing buttons, lacing-hooks, or the like from shoes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43CFASTENINGS OR ATTACHMENTS OF FOOTWEAR; LACES IN GENERAL
    • A43C15/00Non-skid devices or attachments
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43CFASTENINGS OR ATTACHMENTS OF FOOTWEAR; LACES IN GENERAL
    • A43C15/00Non-skid devices or attachments
    • A43C15/16Studs or cleats for football or like boots
    • A43C15/161Studs or cleats for football or like boots characterised by the attachment to the sole

Abstract

AN ASSEMBLY IS DESCRIBED FOR READY REPLACEMENT OF A SHOE SPIKE. THE ASSEMBLY COMPRISES A ONE OR TWO PIECE ANCHOR EXTENDING THROUGH THE OUTER SOLE AND HAVING A FLANGE ON THE OUTER SOLE AND A REPLACEABLE SPIKE MEMBER LOCKED INTO THE RETAINER MEMBER BY TERMINAL SPLIT FINGER PROTUBERANCES.

Description

v March 2, 1971 R. c. MORLEY REPLACEABLE SPIKE FOR SHOES I Filed July 29, 1969 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 IFIG.

Filed July 29, 1969 R. c. MORLEY REPLACE ABLE SPIKE FOR SHOES 2 Sheets-Sheet I United States Patent O 3,566,489 REPLACEABLE SPIKE FOR SHOES Robert C. Morley, 55 Chicago Ave., Columbus, Ohio 43222 Continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 767,212,

Oct. 14, 1968. This application July 29, 1969, Ser.

Int. Cl. A43c 15/00 US. C]. 36-67 4 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE An assembly is described for ready replacement of a shoe spike. The assembly comprises a one or two piece anchor extending through the outer sole and having a flange on the outer sole and a replaceable spike member locked into the retainer member by terminal split finger protuberances.

BACKGROUND OF INVENTION This is a continuation-in-part of co-pending application Ser. No. 767,212 filed Oct. 14, 1968, now abandoned.

This invention relates to a replaceable spike for shoes. In particular, it relates to replaceable spikes for use on athletic shoes such as golf shoes and the like.

Although there have been a number of replaceable shoe spike constructions described in the past, such constructions generally have one or more disadvantages. Thus, Langer, US. 2,607,134 described a replaceable spike which is diflicult to remove without causing damage to the shoe. Further, its construction is subject to snapping with continued flexing of the sole of the shoe.

Threaded spike constructions have also been described, as for example, in US. Patents 2,895,235; 2,689,417; 2,582,053; 2,578,591; 1,435,872; 1,025,087; 325,194 and 19,205. The spikes of these patents similarly are diflicult to replace or have holders of insuflicient strength.

Other patents dealing with replaceable spikes have been found to be generally costly and complex.

One object of the present invention is to provide a replaceable spike construction which is sturdy, simple and inexpensive.

A further object of this invention is to provide such a construction wherein the spike is easily inserted or removed.

Further objects and advantages of this invention will be apparent from the description and claims which follow taken together with the appended drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OIF DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a partial section of a shoe showing a two-piece anchor spike construction in place.

FIG. 2 is an exploded view of FIG. 1 showing in addition a tool used for removing a spike.

FIG. 3 is a top view of the spike.

FIG. 4 is a top view of the insert member.

FIG. 5 is a partial section of a shoe sole showing a onepiece anchore spike construction in place.

FIG. 6 is an exploded view of FIG. 5.

SUMMARY OF INVENTION The invention comprises two cooperating components. One is either a two-piece anchor comprising a retainer member and a receiving chamber having a solid rim engageable with the inner surface of the outer sole and a depending interiorly threaded tubular portion extending through the sole or a one piece version bent over onto a washer.

The retainer member has a tubular portion with exterior threading engageable with the interior threading of the receiving chamber and a rim or flange engageable 3,566,489 Patented Mar. 2, 1971 with the outer surface of the outer sole. The retainer member is characterized as having in the extreme portion of its tubular section a recessed or chamfer portion so that the end of the retainer tubular section adjacent the inner sole has a larger interior diameter than the body of the tubular section.

The second component is a replaceable spike member. This member comprises an exterior spike portion, a median seating flange, and a locking portion terminating in split fingers having protuberances at their ends. The median flange is preferably chamfered to seat in a mating chamfer of the retainer member. The locking portion is pushed through the tubular portion until its split finger protuberances engage the inner chamfered area of the retainer member.

The receiving chamber is forced in from the interior of the shoe. The retainer member is threaded into the receiving chamber by a simple tool engageable with orifices provided in the rim of the retainer member. The replaceable spike member is locked into the retainer member by simple pressure. Removal of the spike member is accomplished by inserting a wedge-like tool between spike member flange and retainer member rim. It is preferable to use a tool which applies wedge action on opposite sides of the flange and rim joint. Such a tool comprises a narrow short wedge end having a slot so as to operate on both sides of the rim-flange joint.

In the one-piece anchor version, there is a tubular member having a flange on the outer surface of the outer sole and having a portion bent over onto a washer on the inner surface of the outer sole.

Although the replaceable spike member of this invention is easily inserted or withdrawn by the use of an appropriate tool, it remains firmly in place during even the most violent flexing of the shoe sole. Further, even if the receiving chamber should loosen and turn because of immersion in water or mud, the spike will nevertheless stay in place.

The components of this invention are relatively simple and inexpensive to fabricate. Further, the strength of the spike is at least equal and in many cases superior to the strength of commercially available spikes for athletic shoes and the like.

SPECIFIC EXAMPLES OF INVENTION Referring now to FIGS. 1-4 of the drawings, the receiving chamber 30 is inserted below the inner sole 32 so that its solid rim 30a engages the inner surface of the outer sole 31 and its depending tubular portion 30b with interior threading 30c extends through the outer sole 31 to its outer surface.

The retainer member 11 has an annular rim 11a adapted to abut the outer surface of the outer sole 31. Retainer member 11 has a tubular portion 15 which is open at the bottom and has an upper chamfer recess 17 and a lower chamfer 19. The retainer member 11 with its exterior threading 11b is adapted to be threaded into the tubular section 30b. Orifices 21 are provided so that an appropriate tool may be inserted to assist in threading the retainer member 11 tightly into place. When retainer member 11 is tightly in place, the rim 11a abuts the outer sole 31 and the tubular section 15 abuts the solid rim 30a.

The replaceable spike member 10 comprises an exterior spike portion 10a, a median seating flange 20 with a chamfer 22 and a locking portion 14 terminating in a pair of split fingers 12 having terminal protuberances 16 and 24. The replaceable spike member 10 is adapted to have its elongated locking portion 14 extend through the tubular section of the retaining member until the protuberances 16 and 24 are seated in the recess 17. The member 10 is so proportioned that the median flange 20 will seat with its chamfer 22 against chamfer 19 when the protuberances 3 are locked into the recess. The diameter of the base of the locking portion is such as to give a fairly close fit in the tubular portion of the retainer member.

Insertion of the replaceable spike member is done by simple direct pressure. Removal is accomplished by applying wedge pressure between the rim 11a of the re: tainer member and the flange of the replaceable spike member. A preferred tool is illustrated having a narrow wedge end split by a notch 41 so that both sides of the wedge 42 will fit around the base of the elongated locking member 14.

In the one-piece anchor construction illustrated in FIGS. 5 and 6, the anchor member 111 comprises an outer flange portion 111d, a tubular portion 111c having an inner recess 111b with an extension 111a bent over the Washer 130 onto the inner surface of an outer sole 131 below an inner sole 132. There are thus two cavities in the anchor 111, namely a narrow entering cavity 111 and a wider seating cavity 111e. Thus, when replaceable spike member is pushed into the cavities 111 and 111e, its split fingers 112 permit the protuberances 116 and 124 of the locking portion 114 to pass through cavity 111 and then lock into cavity 111e. The protuberance 120 seats tightly against the flange 111d.

I claim:

1. In combination:

(a) an anchor comprising a rim adapted to engage the inner surface of a shoe sole and a tubular portion adapted to extend through such sole and terminate in an annular rim abutting the outer surface of the shoe sole; said tubular portion being open at the bottom and having a recess in its upper inner portion; and

(b) a replaceable spike member comprising an exterior spike portion, a median seating flange adapted to abut said annular rim and an elongated locking portion adapted to extend through said tubular portion and having longitudinal split fingers with terminal protuberances adapted to be seated in said recess.

2. Claim 1 wherein said anchor comprises in cooperable combination:

(a) a receiving chamber having a tubular portion adapted to extend through such sole and having interior threading; and

(b) a retainer member comprising a tubular portion open at the bottom and having exterior threading adapted to engage the interior threading of said receiving chamber; the upper inner portion of said tubular portion having the recess.

3. Claim 1 wherein said annular rim and spike member flange have registerable chamfers.

4. Claim 1 wherein said annular rim has an orifice for engagement by a tool.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,506,801 5/1950 MacNeill 36-59 2,607,134 8/1952 Langer 3659 3,267,593 8/1966 Turner 36-59 OTHER REFERENCES American Shoemaking, Apr. 22, 1925, p. 21.

PATRICK D. LAWSON, Primary Examiner

US3566489A 1969-07-29 1969-07-29 Replaceable spike for shoes Expired - Lifetime US3566489A (en)

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US85922469 true 1969-07-29 1969-07-29

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Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3775874A (en) * 1970-12-22 1973-12-04 Nouvelle Soc Bruey Sa Sports shoe spikes
US3911600A (en) * 1974-01-05 1975-10-14 Adolf Dassler Exchangeable gripper element
US4035934A (en) * 1976-08-26 1977-07-19 Hrivnak Andrew N Assembly spike for athletic shoe
US4262434A (en) * 1979-07-30 1981-04-21 Michelotti Paul E Running shoe with replaceable tread elements
US4318232A (en) * 1980-03-03 1982-03-09 Ching Yook J Heel structure for shoes
US4318231A (en) * 1980-02-15 1982-03-09 Conrad Simoneau Ice stud for shoes
US5289647A (en) * 1992-09-21 1994-03-01 Mercer Donald R Shoe with retractable spikes
US5475937A (en) * 1994-05-25 1995-12-19 Korsen; David L. Shoe spike apparatus
US5560126A (en) * 1993-08-17 1996-10-01 Akeva, L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved sole
US5615497A (en) * 1993-08-17 1997-04-01 Meschan; David F. Athletic shoe with improved sole
US5639242A (en) * 1995-10-23 1997-06-17 Wilson; Laura Lee Children's educational daily responsibilities learning system in game format
US5806210A (en) * 1995-10-12 1998-09-15 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved heel structure
US5860228A (en) * 1997-05-12 1999-01-19 Bite, Llc All purpose nubbed cleat for shoes and other non-slip applications
US5918384A (en) * 1993-08-17 1999-07-06 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved sole
US5956871A (en) * 1994-05-25 1999-09-28 Korsen; David L. Shoe spike apparatus
US5960568A (en) * 1998-02-19 1999-10-05 Michael Bell Snap-fit cleats for footwear
US6012239A (en) * 1998-05-15 2000-01-11 Andrew W. Conway Replaceable traction device for footwear
US6154984A (en) * 1998-05-22 2000-12-05 Adam; John M. Golf shoe cleat
US6260292B1 (en) * 1999-04-01 2001-07-17 Mickey Lynn Swedick Spike-Loc, a replaceable spike system and the sole
US6481122B2 (en) * 2000-07-20 2002-11-19 George R. Brahler Shoe cleat apparatus
US6647647B2 (en) 2001-11-20 2003-11-18 Nike, Inc. Article of footwear with a ground-engaging member and method of altering a ground-engaging member
US6722061B2 (en) 2001-11-20 2004-04-20 Nike, Inc. Article of footwear with a replaceable ground-engaging member and method of attaching the ground-engaging member
US20060130372A1 (en) * 2004-12-22 2006-06-22 Nike, Inc. Article of footwear with height adjustable cleat-member
US20080092409A1 (en) * 2006-10-20 2008-04-24 Myung Hoe Koo Shoe for sports
US20080222924A1 (en) * 2007-03-12 2008-09-18 Carruthers Stephen M Replaceable shoe cleat
US20090077833A1 (en) * 2007-09-10 2009-03-26 Under Armour, Inc. Detachable Cleat Arrangement
US7540099B2 (en) 1994-08-17 2009-06-02 Akeva L.L.C. Heel support for athletic shoe
US20100212191A1 (en) * 2007-06-20 2010-08-26 Taylor Made Golf Company, Inc. Article of Footwear With Traction Members Having a Low Profile Sole
EP2251145A1 (en) 2009-05-14 2010-11-17 Adidas AG Stud
US20120222332A1 (en) * 2011-03-01 2012-09-06 Nike, Inc. Removable outsole elements for articles of footwear
US20150096194A1 (en) * 2012-05-08 2015-04-09 Cooltraxx Limited Ice Grips
US9622545B2 (en) * 2015-01-26 2017-04-18 Joneric Products, Inc. Dual-molded layer overshoe

Cited By (84)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3775874A (en) * 1970-12-22 1973-12-04 Nouvelle Soc Bruey Sa Sports shoe spikes
US3911600A (en) * 1974-01-05 1975-10-14 Adolf Dassler Exchangeable gripper element
US4035934A (en) * 1976-08-26 1977-07-19 Hrivnak Andrew N Assembly spike for athletic shoe
US4262434A (en) * 1979-07-30 1981-04-21 Michelotti Paul E Running shoe with replaceable tread elements
US4318231A (en) * 1980-02-15 1982-03-09 Conrad Simoneau Ice stud for shoes
US4318232A (en) * 1980-03-03 1982-03-09 Ching Yook J Heel structure for shoes
US5289647A (en) * 1992-09-21 1994-03-01 Mercer Donald R Shoe with retractable spikes
US20040231193A1 (en) * 1993-08-17 2004-11-25 Meschan David F. Shock absorbing athletic shoe
US5560126A (en) * 1993-08-17 1996-10-01 Akeva, L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved sole
US5615497A (en) * 1993-08-17 1997-04-01 Meschan; David F. Athletic shoe with improved sole
US7380350B2 (en) 1993-08-17 2008-06-03 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with bottom opening
US7114269B2 (en) 1993-08-17 2006-10-03 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved sole
US7076892B2 (en) 1993-08-17 2006-07-18 Akeva L.L.C. Shock absorbent athletic shoe
US5826352A (en) * 1993-08-17 1998-10-27 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved sole
US7069671B2 (en) 1993-08-17 2006-07-04 Akeva L.L.C. Arch bridge for athletic shoe
US5918384A (en) * 1993-08-17 1999-07-06 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved sole
US20060117602A1 (en) * 1993-08-17 2006-06-08 Meschan David F Athletic shoe with bottom opening
US7043857B2 (en) 1993-08-17 2006-05-16 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe having cushioning
US7040040B2 (en) 1993-08-17 2006-05-09 Akeva L.L.C. Midsole for athletic shoe
US7040041B2 (en) 1993-08-17 2006-05-09 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with plate
US6996923B2 (en) 1993-08-17 2006-02-14 Akeva L.L.C. Shock absorbing athletic shoe
US6996924B2 (en) 1993-08-17 2006-02-14 Akeva L.L.C. Rear sole structure for athletic shoe
US6195916B1 (en) 1993-08-17 2001-03-06 Akeva, L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved sole
US6968635B2 (en) 1993-08-17 2005-11-29 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe bottom
US6324772B1 (en) 1993-08-17 2001-12-04 Akeva, L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved sole
US6966130B2 (en) 1993-08-17 2005-11-22 Akeva L.L.C. Plate for athletic shoe
US6604300B2 (en) 1993-08-17 2003-08-12 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved sole
US6966129B2 (en) 1993-08-17 2005-11-22 Akeva L.L.C. Cushioning for athletic shoe
US6962009B2 (en) 1993-08-17 2005-11-08 Akeva L.L.C. Bottom surface configuration for athletic shoe
US20040244222A1 (en) * 1993-08-17 2004-12-09 Meschan David F. Shock absorbent athletic shoe
US20040237345A1 (en) * 1993-08-17 2004-12-02 Meschan David F. Rear sole structure for athletic shoe
US20040237347A1 (en) * 1993-08-17 2004-12-02 Meschan David F. Bottom surface configuration for athletic shoe
US20040231195A1 (en) * 1993-08-17 2004-11-25 Meschan David F. Midsole for athletic shoe
US20040231192A1 (en) * 1993-08-17 2004-11-25 Meschan David F. Plate for athletic shoe
US20040231198A1 (en) * 1993-08-17 2004-11-25 Meschan David F. Cushioning for athletic shoe
US20040231199A1 (en) * 1993-08-17 2004-11-25 Meschan David F. Arch bridge for athletic shoe
US20040231194A1 (en) * 1993-08-17 2004-11-25 Meschan David F. Athletic shoe with plate
US6050002A (en) * 1993-08-17 2000-04-18 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved sole
US5638615A (en) * 1994-05-25 1997-06-17 Korsen; David L. Shoe spike apparatus
US5475937A (en) * 1994-05-25 1995-12-19 Korsen; David L. Shoe spike apparatus
US5956871A (en) * 1994-05-25 1999-09-28 Korsen; David L. Shoe spike apparatus
US7540099B2 (en) 1994-08-17 2009-06-02 Akeva L.L.C. Heel support for athletic shoe
US7596888B2 (en) 1994-08-17 2009-10-06 Akeva L.L.C. Shoe with flexible plate
US20070101614A1 (en) * 1995-10-12 2007-05-10 Meschan David F Athletic shoe with visible arch bridge
US6662471B2 (en) 1995-10-12 2003-12-16 Akeva, L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved heel structure
US7155843B2 (en) 1995-10-12 2007-01-02 Akeva, L.L.C. Athletic shoe with visible arch bridge
US7127835B2 (en) 1995-10-12 2006-10-31 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved heel structure
US20050262732A1 (en) * 1995-10-12 2005-12-01 Akeva, L.L.C. Athletic shoe with inclined wall configuration and non-ground-engaging member
US7089689B2 (en) 1995-10-12 2006-08-15 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with inclined wall configuration and non-ground-engaging member
US7082700B2 (en) 1995-10-12 2006-08-01 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with inclined wall configuration
US5806210A (en) * 1995-10-12 1998-09-15 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved heel structure
US20040123496A1 (en) * 1995-10-12 2004-07-01 Akeva, L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved heel structure
US20050262730A1 (en) * 1995-10-12 2005-12-01 Akeva, L.L.C. Athletic shoe with inclined wall configuration
US5970628A (en) * 1995-10-12 1999-10-26 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved heel structure
US7536809B2 (en) 1995-10-12 2009-05-26 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with visible arch bridge
US5639242A (en) * 1995-10-23 1997-06-17 Wilson; Laura Lee Children's educational daily responsibilities learning system in game format
US5860228A (en) * 1997-05-12 1999-01-19 Bite, Llc All purpose nubbed cleat for shoes and other non-slip applications
US5960568A (en) * 1998-02-19 1999-10-05 Michael Bell Snap-fit cleats for footwear
US6012239A (en) * 1998-05-15 2000-01-11 Andrew W. Conway Replaceable traction device for footwear
US6154984A (en) * 1998-05-22 2000-12-05 Adam; John M. Golf shoe cleat
US6260292B1 (en) * 1999-04-01 2001-07-17 Mickey Lynn Swedick Spike-Loc, a replaceable spike system and the sole
US6481122B2 (en) * 2000-07-20 2002-11-19 George R. Brahler Shoe cleat apparatus
US6941684B2 (en) 2001-11-20 2005-09-13 Nike, Inc. Article of footwear with a replaceable ground-engaging member and method of attaching the ground-engaging member
US6722061B2 (en) 2001-11-20 2004-04-20 Nike, Inc. Article of footwear with a replaceable ground-engaging member and method of attaching the ground-engaging member
US20040159021A1 (en) * 2001-11-20 2004-08-19 Nike, Inc. Article of footwear with a replaceable ground-engaging member and method of attaching the ground-engaging member
US6647647B2 (en) 2001-11-20 2003-11-18 Nike, Inc. Article of footwear with a ground-engaging member and method of altering a ground-engaging member
US7430819B2 (en) 2004-12-22 2008-10-07 Nike, Inc. Article of footwear with height adjustable cleat-member
US20060130372A1 (en) * 2004-12-22 2006-06-22 Nike, Inc. Article of footwear with height adjustable cleat-member
US20080092409A1 (en) * 2006-10-20 2008-04-24 Myung Hoe Koo Shoe for sports
US7673398B2 (en) * 2006-10-20 2010-03-09 Myung Hoe Koo Shoe for sports
US7774958B2 (en) * 2007-03-12 2010-08-17 Carruthers Stephen M Replaceable shoe cleat
US20080222924A1 (en) * 2007-03-12 2008-09-18 Carruthers Stephen M Replaceable shoe cleat
US20100212191A1 (en) * 2007-06-20 2010-08-26 Taylor Made Golf Company, Inc. Article of Footwear With Traction Members Having a Low Profile Sole
US8671594B2 (en) 2007-06-20 2014-03-18 Taylor Made Golf Company Article of footwear with traction members having a low profile sole
US8234799B2 (en) * 2007-09-10 2012-08-07 Under Armour, Inc. Detachable cleat arrangement
US20090077833A1 (en) * 2007-09-10 2009-03-26 Under Armour, Inc. Detachable Cleat Arrangement
EP2251145A1 (en) 2009-05-14 2010-11-17 Adidas AG Stud
DE102009003129B4 (en) * 2009-05-14 2016-06-16 Adidas Ag stollen
DE102009003129A1 (en) 2009-05-14 2010-11-18 Adidas Ag stollen
US8763276B2 (en) * 2011-03-01 2014-07-01 Nike, Inc. Removable outsole elements for articles of footwear
US9439478B2 (en) 2011-03-01 2016-09-13 Nike, Inc. Removable outsole elements for articles of footwear
US20120222332A1 (en) * 2011-03-01 2012-09-06 Nike, Inc. Removable outsole elements for articles of footwear
US20150096194A1 (en) * 2012-05-08 2015-04-09 Cooltraxx Limited Ice Grips
US9622545B2 (en) * 2015-01-26 2017-04-18 Joneric Products, Inc. Dual-molded layer overshoe

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