US3553893A - Method and apparatus for dressing grinding wheels - Google Patents

Method and apparatus for dressing grinding wheels Download PDF

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US3553893A
US3553893A US3553893DA US3553893A US 3553893 A US3553893 A US 3553893A US 3553893D A US3553893D A US 3553893DA US 3553893 A US3553893 A US 3553893A
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grinding wheel
dressing
dresser
grinding
axis
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Gerhard Stade
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HERBERT LINDNER GmbH
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Lindner Gmbh Herbert
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B53/00Devices or means for dressing or conditioning abrasive surfaces
    • B24B53/06Devices or means for dressing or conditioning abrasive surfaces of profiled abrasive wheels
    • B24B53/075Devices or means for dressing or conditioning abrasive surfaces of profiled abrasive wheels for workpieces having a grooved profile, e.g. gears, splined shafts, threads, worms

Abstract

IN A METHOD FOR DRESSING GRINDING WHEELS OF THREAD GRINDING MACHINES, FOR FORMING INVOLUTE WORMES WITH ACCURATE BLANK PROFILES, AND WHEREIN THE DRESSING MOVEMENTS TAKE PLACE ALONG GENERATRICES WHICH ARE TANGENTTO THE CIRCULAR BASE CYLINDER OF THE INVOLUTE WORM, DRESSING OF THE GRINDING WHEEL IS EFFECTED WHILE THE GRINDING WHEEL IS FORMING AN INVOLUTE WORM. THE DRESSING IS EFFECTED ALONG GENERATRICES INTERSECTING THE GRINDING WHEEL AT POINTS DIAMETRICALLY OPPOSITE THE POINTS OF INTERSECTION, WITH THE GRINDING WHEEL, OF GENERATRICES OF THE INVOLUTE WORM, THE DRESSING MOVEMENTS ARE EFFECTED IN A PLANE WHICH INTERSECTS THE ROTATION AND SWIVELLING AXES OF THE GRINDING WHEEL AT A LINE OF INTERSECTION WITH THE AXIAL PLANE OF THE INVOLUTE WORM, AND WHICH IS MIRROR SYMMETRICAL WITH SUCH AXIAL PLANE WITH RESPECT TO THE AXIS OF ROTATION OF THE GRINDING WHEEL.

Description

Jan.12, 1971 G. STADE I 3,553,893
' METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DRESSING GRINDING WHEELS Filed Jafi; 16, 1969 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 Inventor: GERHHRD 5 T6 DE 37 7/7 @MM' E A 770 R '4: ylS
Jan. 12, 1971 G. S"I'ADE 3,553,893
METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DRESSING GRINDING WHEELS Filed Jan. 16, 1969 3 Sheets- Sheet 2 Fig.3
Inventor: GERHHRD STHDE,
ATTORNEYS Jan. 12, 1971 G. STADE 3,553,393
METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DRESSING GRINDING WHEELS Filed Jan. 16, 1969 3 Shets-Sheet 5 l l i I 1 a t I q w i g i 'p', h L:
I i i 2 Inventor: GERHHRB STGDE /zzwww .AT'T'URA/EYS United States Patent 3,553,893 METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DRESSING GRINDING WHEELS Gerhard Stade, Berlin, Germany, assignor to Herbert US. Cl. 51-5 11 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE In a method for dressing grinding wheels of thread grinding machines, for forming involute worms with accurate blank profiles, and wherein the dressing movements take place along generatrices which are tangent to the circular base cylinder of the involute worm, dressing of the grinding wheel is eflected while the grinding wheel is forming an involute worm. The dressing is effected along generatrices intersecting the grinding wheel at points diametrically opposite the points of intersection, with the grinding wheel, of generatrices of the involute worm. The dressing movements are effected in a plane which intersects the rotation and swivelling axes of the grinding wheel at a line of intersection with the axial plane of the involute worm, and which is mirror symmetrical with such axial wheel.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION In the dressing of grinding wheels for grinding involute worms, a distinction is made between dressing which is grinding wheel oriented and dressing which is workpiece oriented. Conventional dressing procedures are grinding wheel oriented. By this, it is understood a dressing operation wherein the grinding wheels are dressed to the normal section of the worm.
In this case, the engaging flank of the grinding Wheel, dressed to the normal section of the worm, is an annular part of a conical surface. In order to obtain the hollowness of the grinding wheel flanks, as required for accurate grinding of involute worms, the diamond dresser must be template controlled. The required template is however, a function of the diameter of the grinding wheel. It follows, from this, that, a decrease of the grinding wheel diameter, through wear of the grinding wheel, the template curve changes. Such a dressing tool necessitates frequent changing of the template as a function of the particular grinding wheel diameter, and thus requires a large number of templates and considerable expenditure of time for changing the templates.
To avoid these disadvantages, it is also possible to use a workpiece oriented dressing procedure. By workpiece oriented dressing is understood a dressing procedure wherein the involute worm to be ground is replaced by the dressing tool, so that the axis of the work and that of the dressing tool coincide in that, instead of the involute worm, the dressing tool is mounted between the tips of the Workpiece spindle case and the tailstock. In dressing operations which are workpiece oriented, the grinding wheel is fed aginst the dresser at right angles to the axis of the dresser. In this case, the grinding wheel is dressed in a straight-lined manner along the generatrix which is tangent to the circular base cylinder of the involute worm and passes through the point of intersection of the thread line on the circular base cylinder with the axial sectional plane of the worm.
The resulting hollow grinding wheel flank grinds an involute worm with a high degree of accuracy. The hollowness of the flank increases with a reduced grinding wheel diameter, such as when the grinding wheel diameter is reduced through wear. In the grinding of the involute worm, this results in maintaining the profile form irrespective of the particular diameter of the grinding wheel at a given moment.
Grinding wheel dressing oriented to the workpiece has the advantage that, after each dressing, the correct flank profile necessarily has been ground without it being neces sary to take into consideration the particular size or diameter of the grinding wheel at a given moment. Cumbersome making and exchanging of templates is thus obviated. Workpiece oriented dressing has, however, the disadvantage that the dresser or dressing tool has to be exchanged for the workpiece which, with heavy worms and heavy dressers, presents certain difficulties. Additionally, it is not possible to incorporate the dressing process in an automatic grinding cycle. For these reasons, template controlled grinding wheel oriented dressing has heretofore been preferred in most cases over workpiece oriented dressing.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to the dressing of grinding wheels on thread grinding machines for making involute worms with accurate flank profiles, and, more particularly, to an improved method and apparatus of carrying out such dressing substantially automatically, in a workpiece oriented manner, and while the workpiece is being ground. A feature of the invention is that, in workpiece oriented dressing of the grinding wheel, the workpiece need no longer be exchanged for the dresser or dressing tool, and vice versa.
In accorrdance with the invention method, the dressing motions are effected relative to a plane which intersects the swivel axis of the grinding wheel and the dresser axis, and which plane is mirror symmetrical with respect to the normal section which intersects the swivel axis of the grinding wheel and the rotation axis of the grinding wheel, with the axial plane which intersects the swivel axis of the grinding wheel and the axis of the involute Worm.
In addition, and while the grinding wheel is forming an involute worm, the grinding wheel is dressed along generatrices intersecting the grinding wheel at points diametrically opposite the points of intersection, with the grinding wheel, of generatrices of the involute worm. The advantage of the invention method is that the axis of the dresser can be shifted into the space rearwardly of the grinding wheel, while maintaining the involute worm between the spindles of the grinding wheel, the axis of the dresser being diametrically opposite the axis of the involute worm being ground. This results in an additional advantage in that the workpiece :need no longer be exchanged for the dresser, and vice versa, and further that a. template control of the dresser, as hitherto necessary with the conventional grinding wheel oriented dressing, is obviated. With the invention method, the dressing motion, without requiring the exchange of the dresser for the worm, can be connected in the automatic cycle of the machine, and at any given moment. In the same manner as with workpiece oriented dressing, the invention obtains, in addition to the formation of an exact flank profile, necessarily also the advantage that, during the dressing of the grinding wheel, the amount of dressing is compensated.
In order to arrive at the solution of the problem solved by the invention, it was necessary to recognize that, by virtue of the symmetry of the grinding wheel, a workpiece oriented dressing of the grinding wheel was possible rear wardly of the grinding wheel if the grinding wheel is dressed along a second generatrix which is arranged symmetrically, relative to the normal section, with respect to the generatrix being ground on the workpiece. The grinding wheel is then dressed exactly so that it grinds, in the area in front of the grinding wheel, the desired involute worm flanks.
The invention is also directed to apparatus for performing the method. In accordance with the apparatus of the invention, the axis of the dresser or dressing tool extends parallel to the axis of the involute worm, but is behind the grinding wheel while the involute worm remains mounted in front of the grinding wheel. The worm axis,,the swivel axis of the grinding wheel and the dresser axis lie in one common plane which is the axial sectional plane of the involute worm. The distance from the dresser axis to the center of the swivel axis of the grinding wheel, when the desired grinding depth is attained, is equal to the distance of the worm axis from the center of the swivel axis of the grinding wheel. In accordance with the invention, these two conditions are fulfilled by the makeup of the thread grinding machine, on the one hand, and by the in-feed gearing of the dresser of the machine, on the other hand.
To this end, the grinding wheel slide, in the space behind the grinding wheel, carries a dresser slide on which there is pivoted, for movement about the dresser axis, a bearing block for spaced dresser supports. These dresser supports are adjustable to the generatrices of the two flanks of the involute worm, and are positionable in their dressing positions by limit switch means actuated in these positions.
A solid end stop is included in the train of the in-feed gearing, and is associated with a quick motion stroke piston whose in-feed end position is limited by the solid stop. When the grinding wheel side engages this end stop, the second condition, that the distance of the dresser axis from the center of the swivel axis of the grinding wheel be equal to the distance of the workpiece axis from the center of the swivel axis of the grinding wheel, is completely fulfilled.
In accordance with a preferred form of the apparatus, the in-feed spindle, which is fixedly joined with the quick motion stroke pistons, carries cam disks for actuating further limit switches which control the quick-motion Stroke movement of the in-feed spindle. Such a quickmotion stroke movement is required when a dresser for one flank has to be moved back rapidly from its operating position so as to bring the dresser for the other flank into operative position. By virtue of the provision of the limit switches for the quick-motion stroke, it is possible also to incorporate these movements in the automatic cycle of the machine.
An'object of the invention is to provide a novel method and novel apparatus for workpiece oriented dressing of grinding wheels of thread grinding machines for forming involute worms with accurate flank profiles.
Another object of the invention is to provide such a method and apparatus for procedures wherein the dressing movements take place along generatrices which are tangent to the circular base cylinder of an involute worm.
A further object of the invention is to provide such a method and apparatus in which it is not necessary to exchange the workpiece for the grinding wheel during dressing of the grinding wheel.
Still another object of the invention is to provide such a method and apparatus in which dressing of the grinding wheel takes place during grinding of an involute worm.
A further object of the invention is to provide such a method and apparatus in which, while the grinding wheel is forming an involute worm, the grinding wheel is dressed along generatrices intersecting the grinding wheel at points diametrically opposite the points of intersection, with the grinding wheel, of generatrices of the ivolute worm.
Anoher object of the invention is to provide such a method and apparatus in which dressing movements are eflected relative to a plane which inters cts the sw axis of the grinding wheel and the dresser axis, and which plane is mirror symmetrical, with respect to the normal section which intersects the swivel axis of the grindingwheel and the rotation axis of the grinding wheel, with the axial plane which intersects the swivel axis of the grinding wheel and the axis of the involute worm.
A further object of the invention is to provide such a method and apparatus in which, without the necessity of exchanging a dresser for the worm, the dressing motion can be included in the automatic cycle of the grinding machine at any given time.
For an understanding of the principles of the invention, reference is made to the following description of a typical embodiment thereof as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a general and partial elevation view of a thread grinding machine embodying the invention;
FIG. 2 is a vertical sectional view of the grinding machine, taken on the line IIII of FIG. 1 and illustrating the in-feed gearing and the dresser;
FIG. 3 is a top plan view of the dresser, looking in the direction of arrow III of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a front view of the head of the dresser shown in FIG. 3, on enlarged scale and as seen in the direction of the arrow IV of FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is a side elevation view, corresponding to FIG. 4, as seen in the direction of the arrow V of FIG. 4; and
FIGS. 6 and 7 are schematic views illustrating the involute worm and the grinding wheel, provided for the purpose of explaining the manner of operation.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to FIG. 1, which shows the thread grinding machne in its basic form, the thread grinding machine has a bed 1 carrying a workpiece slide 2 on which are mounted the workpiece spindle case 3 and the tailstock 4. The workpiece 5 of FIG. 1 represents an involute worm, and it is mounted between spindles 6 which lie in an axial plane A-A of involute worm 5. Grinding wheel 7 is located behind involute worm 5, and is swivelled into the angle of inclination of the thread of the involute worm. For this purpose, there is a swivel support 8 in 'which is mounted, for swivell ing movement of the grinding wheel, the spindle carrier 9 of the grinding wheel, spindle carrier 9 carrying drive motor 10 for grinding wheel spindle 11. Workpiece spindle 12 is driven by a motor 13.
Referring to FIG. 2, the in-feed gearing illustrates the position of the grinding wheel dresser generally denoted at 14. Grinding wheel 7 is shown in its angular position corresponding to FIG. 1. Involute worm 5, to be ground, is mounted between spindles 6 forwardly of grinding wheel 7, and grinding wheel dresser 14 is mounted behind grinding wheel 7. Swivel support Sis integral with grinding wheel slide 15.
The in-feed movement of grinding wheel slide 15 is effected by the in-feed gearing generally indicated at 16, and this gearing includes an in-feed spindle 17 threaded through a spindle nut 18 fixedly mounted on grinding wheel slide 15. The in-feed movement is produced by means which are known per se. These include in-feed cylinder 19 and in-feed piston 20, which latter is fixedly connceted with in-feed spindle 17. Piston 20 has a stop or abutment 21 which co-acts with a counterstop 22 of a screw 23 connected with a shaft 24 carrying two ratchet wheels 25 and 26. The ratchet mechanisms are indicated at 27 and 28 and, in this case, are hydraulic, each including a cylinder and a piston. A scale 29 is provided on shaft 24, and in-feed cylinder 19 is under hydralic pressure through line 30.
The in-feed movement results from a movement of piston 20 from the position shown in dotted lines into the position shown in solid lines in FIG. 2, and further by means of ratchet mechanism 27 until piston 20 engages fixed stop 31. This stop determines the depth to be ground or involute worm 5. Ratchet mechanism 28 serves for the return movement.
A second gear train is connected to in-feed spindle 17 and includes a gear 32 fixed on spindle 17 and engaging an axially wider gear 33 fixed on a shaft 34 to which is also fixed a gear 35. Shaft 34 may be operated by a hand wheel 36, or by a ratchet switching mechanism 37, through a gear 39, fixed to shaft 38, and driving an intermediate gear 40 meshing with gear 35.
The righthand end of in-feed spindle 17, as viewed in FIG. 2 is formed with a multi-splined profile 1711 which is slidably and non-rotatably engaged in a gear 41 fixedly positioned axially on the grinding machine but rotatably mounted thereon. In addition, the night end of spindle 17 carries two trip earns 42 for operating limit switches 43. Gear 41 meshes with an idler gear 44 which, in turn, meshes with a gear 45 which is rotatable on the grinding machine but is fixed against axial displacement thereon. Gear 45 is sildably and non-rotatably engaged with a multi-splined profile 46a at the end of dresser spindle 46.
Grinding wheel slide 15 has a guideway 47 for dresser slide 48 which carries a nut 49 threadedly engaged with dresser spindle 46. Dresser slide 48 carries the dresser 14 shown in top view in FIG. 3.
Dresser 14 is located at that side of grinding wheel 7 diametrically opposite involute worm 5. Three diamonds 50 are provided for dressing grinding wheel 7. The center diamond 50 is mounted in a stationary holder 51 in which it is adjustable by a micrometer screw. The two outer diamonds 50 are mounted on supports 52 which are of identical construction. These two outer of side diamonds serve for dressing the required convex flanks 7a and 7b of grinding wheel 7 (see FIGS. 6 and 7).
Referring to FIG. 2, dressing supports 52 include a hydraulic drive supplied from line 53, and which hydraulic drive comprises a piston formed with a rack 54 engageable with a pinion 55. Pinion 55, in turn, meshes with the teeth of a rack on a push rod 56 of the diamond holder, for reciprocation of push rod 56 in the directions of the double arrow 57.
Supports 52 are pivotal about dresser axis 58, shown in FIGS. 2 and 3. The supports 52 are set symmetrically laterally of axial sectional plane A-A of involute worm 5, as seen in FIG. 2, wherein the generatrix is indicated at 59. Generatrix 59 extends oppositely and mirror symmetrical to generatrix 59 of worm relative to the normal section N-N, the two generatrices extending to the same side of plane A--A and at the same angle thereto. The supports 52 are adjustable about pivot 60 in accordance with the base circle angle of inclination of grinding wheel 7.
Supports 52 are arranged on swivel blocks 61 which are mounted in the bearing block 62 for swivelling about dresser axis 58. Bearing block 62 slides in a guide 63 of dresser slide 48 and, through a hydraulic piston rod 64 of an otherwise not illustrated hydraulic drive, is moved into one or the other dresser position for the flanks 7a and 7b of grinding wheel 7. This positioning is effected by a limit switch 75 operable by cams 76. Fixed stops 77 serve for precise limitation.
The distance x of dresser axis 58 from the center M of the swivel axis of grinding wheel 7 is equal to the distance x of worm axis 65 from center M. The condition of x =x is valid at every moment, and it is shown in FIG. 2 at the moment of the particular grinding depth desired. This condition is maintained by the compensation means between in-feed spindle '17 and dresser spindle 46. Gears 41 and 45, meshing with gear or pinion 44, transmit the compensation movement, between grinding wheel slide and dresser slide 48, to dresser slide 48. The
dresser feed is effected by actuation of hand wheel 36, or mechanically by the ratchet switching mechanism 37.
As is known, the generatrices 59, 59' of an involute worm are tangent to its base circle, whose diameter, in FIGS. 6 and 7, is indicated at 66. This base circle diameter is decisive for the correct setting of the dresser on the back of the grinding wheel so that the setting remains workpiece oriented. In order to carry out this setting on the diamond holder, the latter is adjustable, and the details with respect to such adjustment are shown in FIGS. 4 and 5.
The actual diamond holder is indicated at 67 and has guides 68 and 69 (FIG. 4). Guide 68 extends in the direction of the double arrow 57 of FIG. 3. Adjustment in this direction serves for orienting the diamond on the grinding wheel flank. The second guide 69 extends at right angles to guide 68. Both guides 68 and 69 are disposed on carrier 70 which is fixedly connected with dresser push rod 56, which latter is shown in FIG. 2. At the end of guide 69, carrier 70 has a fixed stop 71. A block 72 is engaged in guide 69 and is fixed with respect to swivel block 61. Block 72 carries a stop 73 which is thus fixed in comparison to the movable push rod 56. Carrier 70, having the fixed stop 71, is adjustable relative to stop 73, and base circle 66 is decisive for this adjustment. The sitting value, between stops 71 and 73 is the radius of base circle 66. This adjustment, with respect to the radius, is effected by a gauge 74 which is positioned for engagement by stops 71 and 73, as best seen in FIG. 4. With the described means, the generatrix 59' (FIG. 2) is set to extend oppositely and mirror symmetrical, with respect to the normal section N-N, to the generatrix 59, on the workpiece side and at the same angle to the plane AA.
Referring to FIGS. 6 and 7, FIG. 6 is a front elevavational view of the workpiece with the grinding wheel in the rear, and FIG. 7 is a rear elevation View corresponding to FIG. 6 with the dressing arrangement being omitted. Grinding wheel 7 is shown swiveled into the angle of inclination of the involute worm 5, as shown in FIG. 1. Axial plane A-A of worm 5 is the reference plane for workpiece oriented dressing in which, for dressing the grinding wheel, the workpiece is replaced by the dressing tool. The normal section N-N is a plane including the swivel axis S and the axis of rotation of the grinding wheel, and is perpendicular to the side faces of the grinding wheel. Plane A'- is a plane related to the grinding wheel and which, in FIG. 6, is mirror image symmetrical, relative to normal section N-N, with axial plane AA, plane A'- including swivel axis S of the grinding wheel. Plane A'A is the plane of reference when the grinding wheel is dressed workpiece oriented on the rear side relative to the workpiece.
Due to the symmetry of the grinding wheel, plane A'A of FIG. 6, when grinding wheel 7 is turned to the rear, moves into the horizontal position shown in FIG. 7, and plane A-A of FIG. 6 is still in a mirror image symmetrical relation to plane A- considered relative to normal section N-N. Plane A'- becomes the axial plane and the plane of reference for the workpiece oriented dressing of the grinding wheel in the space behind the latter.
What is claimed is:
1. In a method for dressing grinding wheels of thread grinding machines for forming involute worms with accurate flank profiles, wherein the dressing movements take place along generatrices which are tangent to the circular base cylinder of the involute worm: the improvement comprising, while the grinding wheel is forming an involute worm, dressing the grinding wheel along generatrices intersecting the grinding wheel at points diametrically opposite the points of intersection, with the grinding wheel, of generatrices of the involute worm.
2. In a method for dressing grinding wheels, the improvement claimed in claim 1, including effecting the dressing movements relative to a plane which intersects the swivel axis of the grinding wheel and the dresser axis, and which plane is mirror symmetrical, with respect to the normal section which intersects the swivel axis of the grinding wheel and the rotation axis of the grinding wheel, with the axial plane which intersects the swivel axis of the grinding wheel and the axis of the involute worm.
3. In a method for dressing grinding wheels, the improvement claimed in claim 2, in which the dressing movements are effected in a dressing plane which is pivotal abouta dressing axis extending parallel to the axis of the involute worm, the axis of the involute worm, the swivelling axis of the grinding wheel and such dresser axis lying in a common plane.
4. In a method for dressing grinding wheels, the improvement claimed in claim 3, in which the distance of the dresser axis from the midpoint of the swivelling axis of the grinding wheel, upon attainment of the desired grinding depth, being equal to the distance of the axis of the involute worm from such midpoint of the swivelling axis of the grinding wheel.
5. In a thread grinding machine for forming involute worms with accurate flank profiles, and including a bed, a pair of coaxial axially spaced rotating supports for mounting an involute worm to be ground, a grinding wheel slide mounted on the bed for movement toward and away from the axis of the supports, a grinding wheel rotatably mounted on said slide for rotation about a rotation axis and for angular adjustment about a swivelling axis intersecting the rotation axis, to adjust the angle of inclination of the grinding Wheel relative to an involute worm mounted in the supports, and an in-feed gearing train on the bed operable to adjust the grinding wheel slide relative to the supports: the improvement comprising, in combination, a grinding Wheel dresser on that side of the grinding wheel periphery opposite to the side of the grinding wheel periphery facing an involute worm mounted in said supports; said dresser being angularly adjustable about an axis which is parallel to the axis of said supports; whereby the involute worm to be ground remains mounted in said supports while the grinding wheel is dressed by said dresser; and means supporting said dresser on said grinding wheel slide.
6. In a thread grinding machine, the improvement calimed in claim 5, in which the axis of said supports, the swivelling axis of said grinding wheel and the dresser axis lie in a plane which is an axial plane of an involute worm mounted in said supports.
7. In a thread grinding machine, the improvement claimed in claim 6, in which the distance of the dresser axis from the midpoint of the swivel axis of said grinding wheel, when the desired grinding depth has been attained, is equal to the distance of the midpoint of said swivelling axis from the axis of an involute worm mounted in said supports.
8. In a thread grinding machine, the improvement claimed in claim 5, including a dresser slide movably mounted on said grinding wheel slide on that side of said grinding wheel opposite to the side of said grinding wheel engageable with an involute worm mounted in said supports; a bearing block movably mounted on said dresser slide for movement in a direction transversely of the direction of movement of said grinding wheel slide and said dresser slide; a pair of dresser supports mounted on said bearing block in spaced relation therealong for pivotal movement about said dresser axis; said dresser supports being adjustably mounted on said bearing block for adjustment of the dressers to the generatrices of the two flanks of said grinding wheel, each dresser support being associated with a respective one of said flanks; positioning means operatively associated with said dresser slide and said bearing block for moving said bearing block relative to said dresser slide selectively to move either one of said dresser supports into operative relation with the associated flank of said grinding wheel; and limit switch means operable by said bearing block to interrupt operation of said positioning means when the selected dresser support is in operative relation with the associated flank of said grinding wheel.
9. In a thread grinding machine, the improvement claimed in claim 5, in which said in-feed gearing train includes a quick motion piston reciprocable in a cylinder to effect a limited quick feed of said grinding wheel slide; and a fixed stop engageable with said piston to limit the in-feed position of said piston.
10. In a thread grinding machine, the improvement claimed in claim 9, in which said in-feed gearing train includes a rotatable threaded spindle threadably engaged through a nut fixed to said grinding wheel slide and fixedly secured at one end to said piston; cams fixed in spaced relation to said spindle; and limit switch operable by said cams and controlling the stroke of said piston and said spindle.
11. In a thread grinding machine, the improvement claimed in claim 7, including a dresser slide movably mounted on said grinding wheel slide on the side of said grinding wheel opposite to that side of said grinding wheel engaged with an involute worm mounted in said supports; said in-feed gearing train adjusting said dresser slide relative to said grinding wheel slide; and compensation means included in said in-feed gearing train and operable constantly to maintain the spacing of said dresser axis from the midpoint of the swivel axis of said grinding wheel equal to the spacing of said midpoint of the swivel axis of said grinding wheel from the axis of an involute worm mounted in said supports.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,880,612 10/1932 Voignier 125-11 2,699,018 1/1955 Carman S15 3,110,132 11/1963 Bassotf 12511 WILLIAM R. ARMSTRONG, Primary Examiner US. Cl. X.R. 51-287; 125-11
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US3916581A (en) * 1973-11-29 1975-11-04 Warner Swasey Co Method for dressing grinding wheels
US4450651A (en) * 1981-05-11 1984-05-29 Ex-Cell-O Corporation Stationary grinding wheel dressing unit
US4535572A (en) * 1981-03-30 1985-08-20 Energy-Adaptive Grinding, Inc. Grinding control methods and apparatus
US4535571A (en) * 1981-03-30 1985-08-20 Energy-Adaptive Grinding, Inc. Grinding control methods and apparatus
US4553355A (en) * 1981-03-30 1985-11-19 Energy-Adaptive Grinding, Inc. Grinding control methods and apparatus
US4555873A (en) * 1981-03-30 1985-12-03 Energy-Adaptive Grinding, Inc. Method and apparatus for wheel conditioning in a grinding machine
US4765095A (en) * 1983-06-03 1988-08-23 Dieter Wiener Method for grinding pregeared bevel gears
US4907370A (en) * 1988-03-22 1990-03-13 Central Glass Company, Limited Grinding stone dressing device
US4926836A (en) * 1987-07-31 1990-05-22 Mitsubishi Kinzoku Kabushiki Kaisha Method of and apparatus for dressing cutting edge of cut-off wheel
US4974367A (en) * 1987-07-29 1990-12-04 Firma Ernst Winter & Sohn (Gmbh & Co.) Method of an arrangement for grinding workpieces with profiles
US20080264401A1 (en) * 2007-04-27 2008-10-30 Kapp Gmbh Method and grinding machine for dressing of a grinding tool
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3916581A (en) * 1973-11-29 1975-11-04 Warner Swasey Co Method for dressing grinding wheels
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US4991353A (en) * 1983-06-03 1991-02-12 Dieter Wiener Grinding machine for grinding pregeared bevel gears
US4974367A (en) * 1987-07-29 1990-12-04 Firma Ernst Winter & Sohn (Gmbh & Co.) Method of an arrangement for grinding workpieces with profiles
US4926836A (en) * 1987-07-31 1990-05-22 Mitsubishi Kinzoku Kabushiki Kaisha Method of and apparatus for dressing cutting edge of cut-off wheel
US4907370A (en) * 1988-03-22 1990-03-13 Central Glass Company, Limited Grinding stone dressing device
US20080264401A1 (en) * 2007-04-27 2008-10-30 Kapp Gmbh Method and grinding machine for dressing of a grinding tool
US8147296B2 (en) * 2007-04-27 2012-04-03 Kapp Gmbh Method and grinding machine for dressing of a grinding tool
US8561508B2 (en) 2010-04-15 2013-10-22 The Board Of Trustees Of The University Of Illinois Hard turning micro-machine tool
CN102909621A (en) * 2012-10-26 2013-02-06 云南省机械研究设计院 Precise composite molding plane grinding machine capable of trimming grinding wheel and hydraulic control system of plane grinding machine
CN103600295A (en) * 2013-11-17 2014-02-26 李会芳 Assembly method of adjustable dovetail-groove type grinding wheel dresser for surface grinder
CN103600295B (en) * 2013-11-17 2016-05-11 李会芳 The assemble method of capable of regulating dovetail groove type dresser for a kind of surface grinding machine
CN104070456A (en) * 2014-06-04 2014-10-01 湖南海捷主轴科技有限公司 Static pressure trimmer for ultra precision ball bearing inner ring channel grinding abrasive wheel and trimming method
CN104070456B (en) * 2014-06-04 2017-03-01 湖南海捷主轴科技有限公司 The static pressure dresser of super grinding ball bear inner ring grooved railway abrasive grinding wheel and method for trimming

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