New! View global litigation for patent families

US3550247A - Method for producing a metal composite - Google Patents

Method for producing a metal composite Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3550247A
US3550247A US3550247DA US3550247A US 3550247 A US3550247 A US 3550247A US 3550247D A US3550247D A US 3550247DA US 3550247 A US3550247 A US 3550247A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
filaments
metal
carbon
process
coating
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Lee Stanley Evans
Peter Ernest Morgan
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Courtaulds PLC
Original Assignee
Courtaulds Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/009After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone characterised by the material treated
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
    • C04B41/50Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements with inorganic materials
    • C04B41/51Metallising, e.g. infiltration of sintered ceramic preforms with molten metal
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
    • C04B41/81Coating or impregnation
    • C04B41/85Coating or impregnation with inorganic materials
    • C04B41/88Metals
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C49/00Alloys containing metallic or non-metallic fibres or filaments
    • C22C49/14Alloys containing metallic or non-metallic fibres or filaments characterised by the fibres or filaments
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
    • C23CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
    • C23C18/00Chemical coating by decomposition of either liquid compounds or solutions of the coating forming compounds, without leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating; Contact plating
    • C23C18/16Chemical coating by decomposition of either liquid compounds or solutions of the coating forming compounds, without leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating; Contact plating by reduction or substitution, e.g. electroless plating
    • C23C18/18Pretreatment of the material to be coated
    • C23C18/1851Pretreatment of the material to be coated of surfaces of non-metallic or semiconducting in organic material
    • C23C18/1862Pretreatment of the material to be coated of surfaces of non-metallic or semiconducting in organic material by radiant energy
    • C23C18/1865Heat
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
    • C23CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
    • C23C18/00Chemical coating by decomposition of either liquid compounds or solutions of the coating forming compounds, without leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating; Contact plating
    • C23C18/16Chemical coating by decomposition of either liquid compounds or solutions of the coating forming compounds, without leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating; Contact plating by reduction or substitution, e.g. electroless plating
    • C23C18/18Pretreatment of the material to be coated
    • C23C18/1851Pretreatment of the material to be coated of surfaces of non-metallic or semiconducting in organic material
    • C23C18/1872Pretreatment of the material to be coated of surfaces of non-metallic or semiconducting in organic material by chemical pretreatment
    • C23C18/1875Pretreatment of the material to be coated of surfaces of non-metallic or semiconducting in organic material by chemical pretreatment only one step pretreatment
    • C23C18/1879Use of metal, e.g. activation, sensitisation with noble metals
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
    • C23CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
    • C23C18/00Chemical coating by decomposition of either liquid compounds or solutions of the coating forming compounds, without leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating; Contact plating
    • C23C18/16Chemical coating by decomposition of either liquid compounds or solutions of the coating forming compounds, without leaving reaction products of surface material in the coating; Contact plating by reduction or substitution, e.g. electroless plating
    • C23C18/18Pretreatment of the material to be coated
    • C23C18/1851Pretreatment of the material to be coated of surfaces of non-metallic or semiconducting in organic material
    • C23C18/1872Pretreatment of the material to be coated of surfaces of non-metallic or semiconducting in organic material by chemical pretreatment
    • C23C18/1886Multistep pretreatment
    • C23C18/1889Multistep pretreatment with use of metal first
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25DPROCESSES FOR THE ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PRODUCTION OF COATINGS; ELECTROFORMING; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25D1/00Electroforming
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR ARTIFICIAL THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01FCHEMICAL FEATURES IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ARTIFICIAL FILAMENTS, THREADS, FIBRES, BRISTLES OR RIBBONS; APPARATUS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF CARBON FILAMENTS
    • D01F11/00Chemical after-treatment of artificial filaments or the like during manufacture
    • D01F11/10Chemical after-treatment of artificial filaments or the like during manufacture of carbon
    • D01F11/12Chemical after-treatment of artificial filaments or the like during manufacture of carbon with inorganic substances Intercalation
    • D01F11/127Metals
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06QDECORATING TEXTILES
    • D06Q1/00Decorating textiles
    • D06Q1/04Decorating textiles by metallising
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S264/00Plastic and nonmetallic article shaping or treating: processes
    • Y10S264/19Inorganic fiber
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49801Shaping fiber or fibered material

Description

United States Patent US. Cl. 29-419 8 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE Carbon filaments are coated with a metal by electrodeposition, electroless plating or chemical plating. Preferably the carbon filaments are subjected to an oxidising treatment under strong oxidising conditions before being coated with the metal. Metal coated filaments are incorporated in the metal matrix by electroforming, powder technology techniques, casting or by subjecting the coated filaments to a combination of heat and pressure to coalesce them into a composite material.

This invention relates to the reinforcement of metals and is particularly concerned with the use of carbon filaments as the reinforcement.

Carbon filaments are not normally wetted by molten metals, and the reinforcing capacity of such filaments cannot be fully developed merely by casting a metal round a mat of filaments. We have now found that this difiiculty may be overcome by forming a metal coating on carbon filaments by electrodeposition, electroless plating or by chemical plating, and it is an object of this invention to provide a process for the deposition of such a metal coating.

According to the invention, a process for forming a metal coating on carbon filaments comprises depositing a metal coating on the carbon filaments by electrodeposition, electroless plating or chemical plating.

The invention also includes metal coated carbon filaments and carbon filaments so coated and incorporated in a metal matrix, when produced by the respective processes of the present invention.

The carbon filaments may be, for example, in the form of a tow, or they may be staple fibre yarn, or cohesive structures made from these, for example woven or knitted fabrics. A carbon filament may be produced by subjecting a filament having a carbon to carbon backbone to a series of heat treatments designed to reduce the filament essentially to that carbon backbone. In general, the heat. treatment involves at least two and preferably three stages. The first is a pre-oxidation stage carried out at comparatively mild temperatures, for example about 200 C. to 300 C. in an oxygen containing atmosphere such as air. Secondly a carbonisation stage is carried out in a substantially inert atmosphere at a temperature of the order of 1000 C. or more and finally there may be a further and stronger heat treatment, sometimes referred to as a graphitisation treatment, at a still higher temperature and also in an inert atmosphere. The stages are not necessarily distinct and some over lapping may take place.

Carbon filaments having properties which make them suitable for reinforcing metals have been produced from various filaments having a carbon to carbon backbone including filaments of viscose rayon, polyamides and polymers or copolymers of acrylonitrile which are known as the acrylics. Carbon filaments of particularly good strength properties, especially in respect of their Youngs modulus of elasticity, have been obtained from ice acrylic filaments, particularly when the third stage in the heat treatment is carried out to produce graphitised filaments. These properties are enhanced when the filaments have a high tenacity as is described in the specification of U8. patent application Ser. No. 689,801, dated Dec. 12, 1967 and assigned to the assignees of this present application. Graphitised filaments are especially suitable for use in the process of this invention, although those which have not received the final high temperature treatment may also be employed.

In a preferred form of the invention the carbon filaments are subjected to an oxidising treatment under strong oxidising conditions before they are coated with the required metal. Preferred aqueous oxidising agents include concentrated nitric acid, and solutions containing chromic acid as commonly used in the laboratory as oxidising agents. These reagents may be used either hot or cold, although more rapid reaction may be expected at elevated temperatures. Exposure of the carbon filaments to the oxidising agents for quite a short time is sufficient, and good results have been obtained, for example, using concentrated nitric acid with only five to ten minutes reaction time. When the filaments have been treated in this manner, and if necessary, washed free of the oxidising agent, it is found that the processes of chemical plating, electroless plating and and electroplating may all be carried out with particular ease, and that a large bundle of filaments may be coated with metal substantially uniformly.

By chemical plating is meant a process whereby metal ions are deposited from solution onto the article to be plated by a reduction reaction. The article to be plated may or may not be a catalyst for the reduction reaction.

The chemical plating process in which the article being plated or a preformed coating thereon acts as a catalyst to the reduction is known as electroless plating.

process known as the liquid infiltration of molten metal.

When the initial metal coating is formed by electrodeposition then this may be continued until the complete metal matrix is formed; the whole metal coating process could then be said to be an electroforming process. If

the metal matrix is produced by electroforming alone, it

is necessary first to form the carbon filaments into a construction which will produce an article of the desired shape after electroforming.

Another method by which the metal coated filaments may be made into a matrix is by hot pressing. In this process the filaments suitably coated with metal are laid together. While it may be possible to obtain useful composite material by laying together metal coated filaments in random orientation the strength of the composite is in general improved by the use of substantially parallel reinforcing filaments. It is thus preferred that the filaments should be laid together substantially parallel with one another. If desired layers of substantially parallel filaments may be laid at right angles to one another to provide reinforcement in two directions. Packing filaments together at the maximum packing density theoret' ically possible will give a proportion of the filamentary material in the mass of approximately percent by volume and it may be possible to approach this density reasonably closely in a composite. In general the best results so far as strength of the composite are concerned are obtained by using the highest practicable percentage of reinforcement. Since no additional matrix material is employed the amount of reinforcement will be dependent upon the mean thickness of the metal coating and the mean diameter of the filaments. Thus a 50 percent reinforcement by volume could be obtained by using metal coated filaments in which the ratio of the diameters of the carbon or graphite filaments and the metal coated carbon or graphite filaments is about l: /2.

When the metal coated fibres have been laid together in the required form they are heated to a temperature which is dependent on the fusion point of the metal. While it is possible to operate at a temperature at which fusion actually occurs or above this temperature, this may in some cases lead to a reduction of the strength of the composite. It is therefore preferred to use temperatures which are somewhat below the temperature of fusion. The heating may be carried out in a press which is designed to compress the fibres together to cause them to coalesce into a unitary mass. In any case the atmosphere in which the heating takes place will require to be controlled except possibly when certain noble metals are being used. Thus for example it may be desired to exclude oxygen from the atmosphere and indeed it may sometimes be desirable to carry out the process in vacuo. Pressure is applied to the mass of filaments at the temperature desired whereupon coalescence of the filaments takes place to yield a composite material comprising carbon filaments in a metal matrix. Considerable pressures may require to be employed, which may, for example, be of the order of 5000 lbs. per square inch. (350 kg./cm.

The metal which is used to form the initial coating on the carbon filaments may be the same as or different from that of the metal in which the carbon filaments are to be embedded, but of course it must be capable of being applied by electrodeposition, electroless plating or by chemical plating. If the coating metal is different from that of the matrix then a good bond should be obtained and maintained between them. Also, the coating metal should be capable of withstanding the conditions employed in embedding the coated filaments in a metal matrix and the conditions which the reinforced metal article will meet in use. For example, the coating metal should have a melting point sufficiently high that it does not melt either when the reinforced article becomes hot in use or when the coated filaments are embedded in molten metal. The precious metals, for example, platinum, rhodium, ruthenium and palladium, are useful as the coating metal in this respect because of their high melting points.

Nickel, chromium, aluminium, copper and lead are examples of metals which can benefit from reinforcement with carbon filaments in certain uses. Thus, the strength of components made of nickel or chromium or their alloys which are subject to high temperatures, for example turbine blades, may be improved by the incorporation of carbon filaments. Also the creep properties of nickel, which are comparatively poor, are greatly improved. Aluminum cables are commonly made thicker than necessary for the current to be carried for reasons of strength and the incorporation of carbon filaments can give equivalent strength to thinner cables without greatly affecting the current-carrying capacity of the cables. Lead sheet commonly is used to line vessels such as acid tanks and in such use, particularly when lining a vertical wall, is liable to extensive creep. This creep can be greatly reduced by uSing lead sheet reinforced with carbon filaments. Again the grids for battery plates for lead/acid batteries can be made from lead reinforced with carbon filaments.

The electroless plating process is the preferred process because the thickness of the deposited coating can be increased with time, unlike uncontrolled processes like the well-known silver mirror process, and it is especially preferred to use electroless plating since this has the advantage of markedly improved throwing compared with other plating processes such as electroplating. The elec troless nickel process is the one which has been most used and can be used in the process of this invention provided that the carbon filaments, which are not a catalyst to the reaction, are first sensitised. This may be achieved, for example, by first forming a thin coating of palladium on the filaments by dipping them in a solution containing palladium ions, for example palladium chloride, and then reducing those ions to the metal. The reduction may be carried out, for example, by immersing the dipped carbon filaments in the electroless nickel plating solution which contains a reducing agent, for example sodium hypophosphite. Alternatively, the filaments can be treated with, for example, stannous chloride solution, and subsequently with palladium chloride solution, under which circumstances the palladium salt is reduced to the metal on the filaments. A coating of electroless nickel, which is very hard, can then be formed on the palladium sensitised carbon filaments.

Copper, cobalt, palladium and gold are further examples of metals which can be deposited by electroless plating.

The coating of the carbon filaments may be operated batch-wise or continuously depending on the article being made. Thus, a batch-wise process for making an aero plane nose-cone from nickel reinforced with carbon filaments may comprise depositing a layer of nickel onto a mandrel, laying a carbon fabric over the coated layer and then continuing deposition by the process of the invention until the nose-cone is fully formed, when the carbon filaments will be completely embedded in the nickel and strongly bonded thereto. The nose-cone can then be stripped off the mandrel.

We claim:

1. A process for the production of a metal composite which comprises subjecting carbon filaments to an oxidizing treatment under strong oxidizing conditions, depositing a metal coating on the carbon filaments by e1ec trodeposition, electroless plating or chemical plating and building up a metal matrix around the metal-coated filaments to form a composite material.

2. The process claimed in claim 1 and comprising graphitizing the carbon filaments before coating them with metal.

3. The process claimed in claim 1 in which the carbon filaments are arranged in parallel formation in the composite.

4. The process claimed in claim 1 in which the metal matrix is built up around the carbon filaments by electroforming.

5. The process claimed in claim 1 in which the metal matrix is built up around the coated filaments by powder technology techniques or casting.

6. The process claimed in claim 1 in which the metal matrix is produced by forming a suflicient metal coating on the filaments and combining them together under the application of heat and pressure. p

7. The process claimed in claim 1 in which the composite contains at least 50 percent of carbon filament reinforcement.

8. The process claimed in claim 1 in which the metal used for coating the filaments is selected from the group consisting of nickel, chromium, copper, lead, cobalt, palladium, platinum, gold, ruthenium and rhodium.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,137,373 4/1915 Aylsworth 264109X 3,071,637 1/1963 Horn et al. 29-419UX 3,084,421 4/1963 McDanels et al. 29-420.5X 3,098,723 7/1963 Micks 29419UX 3,310,387 3/1967 Sump et al. 29-419UX 3,404,061 10/1968 Shane et a1. 264--l09X JOHN F. CAMPBELL, Primary Examiner D. C. REILEY, Assistant Examiner US. Cl. X.R.

US3550247A 1967-02-02 1968-01-31 Method for producing a metal composite Expired - Lifetime US3550247A (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB510567 1967-02-02
GB2923767A GB1215002A (en) 1967-02-02 1967-02-02 Coating carbon with metal
GB2253767 1967-05-15

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3550247A true US3550247A (en) 1970-12-29

Family

ID=27254570

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3550247A Expired - Lifetime US3550247A (en) 1967-02-02 1968-01-31 Method for producing a metal composite

Country Status (5)

Country Link
US (1) US3550247A (en)
BE (1) BE710212A (en)
DE (1) DE1696487A1 (en)
GB (1) GB1215002A (en)
NL (1) NL6801460A (en)

Cited By (34)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3660140A (en) * 1970-06-18 1972-05-02 United Aircraft Corp Treatment of carbon fibers
FR2130603A1 (en) * 1971-03-24 1972-11-03 Nasa
US3769086A (en) * 1970-11-13 1973-10-30 Schladitz Whiskers Ag Porous, electrically conductive member
US3807996A (en) * 1972-07-10 1974-04-30 Union Carbide Corp Carbon fiber reinforced nickel matrix composite having an intermediate layer of metal carbide
US3818588A (en) * 1972-03-30 1974-06-25 Nat Res Dev Electrical brushes
US3827129A (en) * 1972-01-06 1974-08-06 British Railways Board Methods of producing a metal and carbon fibre composite
JPS501108A (en) * 1973-05-04 1975-01-08
US3904405A (en) * 1973-02-02 1975-09-09 Ametek Inc Sliding seal parts and process of making
US3918141A (en) * 1974-04-12 1975-11-11 Fiber Materials Method of producing a graphite-fiber-reinforced metal composite
US4254548A (en) * 1978-05-10 1981-03-10 Hitachi, Ltd. Method of fabricating electrode plate for supporting semiconductor device
US4311406A (en) * 1979-06-25 1982-01-19 Exxon Research & Engineering Co. Hybrid piston pin
FR2503589A1 (en) * 1979-06-14 1982-10-15 Atomic Energy Authority Uk Method and apparatus for manufacturing a conductive coating of the electricity
US4468272A (en) * 1982-10-07 1984-08-28 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Composite material manufacturing method exothermically reducing metallic oxide in binder by element in matrix metal
US4481249A (en) * 1981-02-21 1984-11-06 Bayer Aktiengesellschaft Metallized carbon fibres and composite materials containing these fibres
US4609449A (en) * 1982-03-16 1986-09-02 American Cyanamid Company Apparatus for the production of continuous yarns or tows comprising high strength metal coated fibers
US4661403A (en) * 1982-03-16 1987-04-28 American Cyanamid Company Yarns and tows comprising high strength metal coated fibers, process for their production, and articles made therefrom
US4680093A (en) * 1982-03-16 1987-07-14 American Cyanamid Company Metal bonded composites and process
US4808481A (en) * 1986-10-31 1989-02-28 American Cyanamid Company Injection molding granules comprising copper coated fibers
US4831707A (en) * 1980-11-14 1989-05-23 Fiber Materials, Inc. Method of preparing metal matrix composite materials using metallo-organic solutions for fiber pre-treatment
US4904351A (en) * 1982-03-16 1990-02-27 American Cyanamid Company Process for continuously plating fiber
US4909910A (en) * 1982-03-16 1990-03-20 American Cyanamid Yarns and tows comprising high strength metal coated fibers, process for their production, and articles made therefrom
US6112395A (en) * 1997-11-12 2000-09-05 Usf Filtration And Separations Group, Inc. Process of making fine and ultra fine metallic fibers
US20040094424A1 (en) * 2001-05-14 2004-05-20 Franz Oberflachentechnik Gmbh & Co Kg Graphite metal coating
US20040128979A1 (en) * 2001-06-01 2004-07-08 Astrium Gmbh Combustion chamber with internal jacket made of a ceramic composite material and process for manufacture
US20040163445A1 (en) * 2002-10-17 2004-08-26 Dimeo Frank Apparatus and process for sensing fluoro species in semiconductor processing systems
US20050282006A1 (en) * 2004-06-21 2005-12-22 Hiroshi Miyazawa Composite plated product and method for producing same
EP1741805A1 (en) * 2005-07-05 2007-01-10 Dowa Mining Co., Ltd Composite plated product and method for producing same
CN100561620C (en) 2004-06-21 2009-11-18 同和控股(集团)有限公司 Composite plated product and method for producing same
US20100092751A1 (en) * 2007-01-24 2010-04-15 Airbus Sas Fiber composite comprising a metallic matrix, and method for the production thereof
US20100163782A1 (en) * 2008-12-31 2010-07-01 Industrial Technology Research Institute Carbon-Containing Metal-Based Composite Material and Manufacturing Method Thereof
US20100330365A1 (en) * 2008-03-07 2010-12-30 Hassel Joerg Strand-like material composite with cnt yarns and method for the manufacture thereof
US20110033692A1 (en) * 2008-04-10 2011-02-10 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Composite material composed of a metal matrix in which cnt filaments are distributed, and method for the production of such a composite material
US8109130B2 (en) 2002-10-17 2012-02-07 Advanced Technology Materials, Inc. Apparatus and process for sensing fluoro species in semiconductor processing systems
DE102013108808B4 (en) * 2012-08-22 2016-01-07 Infineon Technologies Ag A method for preparing a carbon / metal composite and method for manufacturing a semiconductor element array

Families Citing this family (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3936550A (en) * 1971-04-12 1976-02-03 General Electric Company Composite metallic preform tape
JPS53139872A (en) * 1977-05-10 1978-12-06 Toray Industries Porous body comprising metal coated carbon fiber
DE2727683C3 (en) * 1977-06-20 1982-09-09 Siemens Ag, 1000 Berlin Und 8000 Muenchen, De
DE2757374C2 (en) * 1977-12-22 1984-06-28 Siemens Ag, 1000 Berlin Und 8000 Muenchen, De
JPS602149B2 (en) * 1980-07-30 1985-01-19 Toyota Motor Co Ltd
JPS5789404A (en) * 1980-11-25 1982-06-03 Nissan Motor Co Ltd Preparation of aluminum-containing sintered body
DE3139313A1 (en) * 1981-10-02 1983-04-21 Bayer Ag Using metallized aramid
DE3246289A1 (en) * 1981-12-19 1983-06-30 Plessey Overseas Electrically conductive material
EP0088884B1 (en) * 1982-03-16 1986-09-10 Electro Metalloid Corporation Yarns and tows comprising high strength metal coated fibers, process for their production, and uses thereof
US4511663A (en) * 1984-08-09 1985-04-16 Corning Glass Works Fiber-reinforced composites
EP0269850A1 (en) * 1986-10-31 1988-06-08 American Cyanamid Company Copper coated fibers

Cited By (42)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3660140A (en) * 1970-06-18 1972-05-02 United Aircraft Corp Treatment of carbon fibers
US3769086A (en) * 1970-11-13 1973-10-30 Schladitz Whiskers Ag Porous, electrically conductive member
FR2130603A1 (en) * 1971-03-24 1972-11-03 Nasa
US3827129A (en) * 1972-01-06 1974-08-06 British Railways Board Methods of producing a metal and carbon fibre composite
US3818588A (en) * 1972-03-30 1974-06-25 Nat Res Dev Electrical brushes
US3807996A (en) * 1972-07-10 1974-04-30 Union Carbide Corp Carbon fiber reinforced nickel matrix composite having an intermediate layer of metal carbide
US3904405A (en) * 1973-02-02 1975-09-09 Ametek Inc Sliding seal parts and process of making
JPS501108A (en) * 1973-05-04 1975-01-08
JPS5752417B2 (en) * 1973-05-04 1982-11-08
US3918141A (en) * 1974-04-12 1975-11-11 Fiber Materials Method of producing a graphite-fiber-reinforced metal composite
US4254548A (en) * 1978-05-10 1981-03-10 Hitachi, Ltd. Method of fabricating electrode plate for supporting semiconductor device
FR2503589A1 (en) * 1979-06-14 1982-10-15 Atomic Energy Authority Uk Method and apparatus for manufacturing a conductive coating of the electricity
US4311406A (en) * 1979-06-25 1982-01-19 Exxon Research & Engineering Co. Hybrid piston pin
US4831707A (en) * 1980-11-14 1989-05-23 Fiber Materials, Inc. Method of preparing metal matrix composite materials using metallo-organic solutions for fiber pre-treatment
US4481249A (en) * 1981-02-21 1984-11-06 Bayer Aktiengesellschaft Metallized carbon fibres and composite materials containing these fibres
US4609449A (en) * 1982-03-16 1986-09-02 American Cyanamid Company Apparatus for the production of continuous yarns or tows comprising high strength metal coated fibers
US4661403A (en) * 1982-03-16 1987-04-28 American Cyanamid Company Yarns and tows comprising high strength metal coated fibers, process for their production, and articles made therefrom
US4680093A (en) * 1982-03-16 1987-07-14 American Cyanamid Company Metal bonded composites and process
US4904351A (en) * 1982-03-16 1990-02-27 American Cyanamid Company Process for continuously plating fiber
US4909910A (en) * 1982-03-16 1990-03-20 American Cyanamid Yarns and tows comprising high strength metal coated fibers, process for their production, and articles made therefrom
US4468272A (en) * 1982-10-07 1984-08-28 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Composite material manufacturing method exothermically reducing metallic oxide in binder by element in matrix metal
US4808481A (en) * 1986-10-31 1989-02-28 American Cyanamid Company Injection molding granules comprising copper coated fibers
US6112395A (en) * 1997-11-12 2000-09-05 Usf Filtration And Separations Group, Inc. Process of making fine and ultra fine metallic fibers
US6497029B1 (en) 1997-11-12 2002-12-24 Pall Filtration And Separations Group Inc. Process for making fine and ultra fine metallic fibers
US20040094424A1 (en) * 2001-05-14 2004-05-20 Franz Oberflachentechnik Gmbh & Co Kg Graphite metal coating
US20040128979A1 (en) * 2001-06-01 2004-07-08 Astrium Gmbh Combustion chamber with internal jacket made of a ceramic composite material and process for manufacture
US7293403B2 (en) * 2001-06-01 2007-11-13 Astrium Gmbh Combustion chamber with internal jacket made of a ceramic composite material and process for manufacture
US20040163445A1 (en) * 2002-10-17 2004-08-26 Dimeo Frank Apparatus and process for sensing fluoro species in semiconductor processing systems
US8109130B2 (en) 2002-10-17 2012-02-07 Advanced Technology Materials, Inc. Apparatus and process for sensing fluoro species in semiconductor processing systems
EP1609888A2 (en) * 2004-06-21 2005-12-28 Dowa Mining Co., Ltd. Composite plated product and method for producing same
CN100561620C (en) 2004-06-21 2009-11-18 同和控股(集团)有限公司 Composite plated product and method for producing same
EP1609888A3 (en) * 2004-06-21 2006-11-22 Dowa Mining Co., Ltd. Composite plated product and method for producing same
US20050282006A1 (en) * 2004-06-21 2005-12-22 Hiroshi Miyazawa Composite plated product and method for producing same
US7514022B2 (en) 2004-06-21 2009-04-07 Dowa Mining Co., Ltd. Composite plated product and method for producing same
US7393473B2 (en) 2005-07-05 2008-07-01 Dowa Mining Co., Ltd. Method for producing a composite plated product
EP1741805A1 (en) * 2005-07-05 2007-01-10 Dowa Mining Co., Ltd Composite plated product and method for producing same
US20070007497A1 (en) * 2005-07-05 2007-01-11 Dowa Mining Co., Ltd. Composite plated product and method for producing same
US20100092751A1 (en) * 2007-01-24 2010-04-15 Airbus Sas Fiber composite comprising a metallic matrix, and method for the production thereof
US20100330365A1 (en) * 2008-03-07 2010-12-30 Hassel Joerg Strand-like material composite with cnt yarns and method for the manufacture thereof
US20110033692A1 (en) * 2008-04-10 2011-02-10 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Composite material composed of a metal matrix in which cnt filaments are distributed, and method for the production of such a composite material
US20100163782A1 (en) * 2008-12-31 2010-07-01 Industrial Technology Research Institute Carbon-Containing Metal-Based Composite Material and Manufacturing Method Thereof
DE102013108808B4 (en) * 2012-08-22 2016-01-07 Infineon Technologies Ag A method for preparing a carbon / metal composite and method for manufacturing a semiconductor element array

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
GB1215002A (en) 1970-12-09 application
NL6801460A (en) 1968-08-05 application
BE710212A (en) 1968-06-17 grant
DE1696487A1 (en) 1971-11-18 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3615277A (en) Method of fabricating fiber-reinforced articles and products produced thereby
US3427185A (en) Composite structural material incorporating metallic filaments in a matrix,and method of manufacture
Kelly et al. The principles of the fibre reinforcement of metals
US3580731A (en) Method of treating the surface of a filament
US3553820A (en) Method of producing aluminum-carbon fiber composites
US3488166A (en) Method for activating plastics,subsequent metallization and article of manufacture resulting therefrom
US2699415A (en) Method of producing refractory fiber laminate
US4370214A (en) Reticulate electrode for electrolytic cells
US6395405B1 (en) Hydrogen permeable membrane and hydride battery composition
US4722770A (en) Method for making continuous and closed hollow bodies, hollow bodies so obtained and apparatus for making the hollow spheres
US2642654A (en) Electrodeposited composite article and method of making the same
US4544610A (en) Heat-resistant spring made of fiber-reinforced metallic composite material
US3808087A (en) Surface-treated lamination structures
US3235346A (en) Composite bodies comprising a continuous framework and an impregnated metallic material and methods of their production
US3856574A (en) Electrode and method of manufacture
US3770488A (en) Metal impregnated graphite fibers and method of making same
US4223075A (en) Graphite fiber, metal matrix composite
US4096296A (en) Process for forming surface diffusion alloy layers on refractory metallic articles
Downs et al. Novel carbon fiber-carbon filament structures
US3019515A (en) Metal coated glass fibers
Amateau Progress in the development of graphite-aluminum composites using liquid infiltration technology
US5584983A (en) Method for the production of a metal foam
US7338684B1 (en) Vapor grown carbon fiber reinforced composite materials and methods of making and using same
US4830262A (en) Method of making titanium-nickel alloys by consolidation of compound material
US4473410A (en) Nuclear fuel element having a composite coating

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: COURTAULDS, PLC

Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:COURTAULDS, LIMITED;REEL/FRAME:004415/0575

Effective date: 19820520