US3533708A - Ball point pen for water soluble ink - Google Patents

Ball point pen for water soluble ink Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3533708A
US3533708A US3533708DA US3533708A US 3533708 A US3533708 A US 3533708A US 3533708D A US3533708D A US 3533708DA US 3533708 A US3533708 A US 3533708A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
ink
ball point
pen
point pen
chamber
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Yukio Horie
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
DAI NIHON BUNGU CO Ltd
Original Assignee
DAI NIHON BUNGU CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B43WRITING OR DRAWING IMPLEMENTS; BUREAU ACCESSORIES
    • B43KIMPLEMENTS FOR WRITING OR DRAWING
    • B43K7/00Ball-point pens
    • B43K7/10Arrangements for feeding ink to the ball points
    • B43K7/105Feed bars

Description

Oct. 13, 1970 YUKlo Home 3,533,708

BALL vPOINT PEN FOR WATER SOLBLE vIllbll'( Filed Nov. 14, 1968 u l :l sinn tizl 2 G. l ri 70K/p Home @w1/gw, 3

United States Patent O1 lice 3,533,708 Patented Oct. 13, 1970 BALL POINT PEN FOR WATER SOLUBLE INK Yukio Horie, Tokyo, Japan, assigner to Dai Nihon Bungu Kabushiki Kaisha, also trading as The Japan Stationery Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan, a corporate body of Japan Filed Nov. 14, 1968, Ser. No. 775,756 Claims priority, application Japan, Jan. 8, 1968, 43/ 762; Nov. 16, 1967, 42/73,7s6 Int. Cl. B43k 7/10 U.S. Cl. 401-209 8 Claims ABSTRACT F THE DISCLOSURE A ball point pen for water souble ink is provided which comprises a tubular pen body divided into two chambers by a bulkhead which has a hole therethrough. The lirst chamber for ink reservoir contains an elongated tube suspended from the hole of the bulkhead and a capillary core held within 4the back end of a nib holder and extending through the tube into the second chamber. The second chamber contains an ink absorbent material surrounding the core in contact therewith and is communicated with atmosphere through a vent hole provided in the second chamber. A rollable ball point is positioned in the front end of said nib holder.

This invention relatesl to a ball point pen for use with water soluble ink. The viscosity of water soluble ink is generally less than the viscosity of normal ink. Thus the viscosity of water soluble ink may lbe inlluenced by the temperature of the surrounding atmosphere and also any air within an ink chamber of a pen may expand as the temperature of the atmosphere rises so that blotting or flooding of the ink in the pen may result.

For conventional fountain pens various methods for preventing ooding have been used. However, improved methods or constructions for preventing ooding have been directed only to constructions which absorb and store excess fluid ink at a part of the pen adjacent the front end of the hollow casing of the pen and this construction has the disadvantage that it is complex.

An object of this invention is to provide a ball point pen capable of writing smoothly without skipping or blotting.

According to this invention, a ball point is rotatably and tightly held in the front end of a nib holder secured to one end of a hollow casing. An elongated core for carrying ink is secured at one end thereof to the rear end thereof to the inner portion of the hollow casing. The core is inserted through an elongated tube, forming a narrow clearance between them. yThe elongated tube is at the rear end thereof engaged within a hole of a bulkhear provided at the middle portion of the casing. The bulkhead made of resilient material'divides the hollow casing into two chambers. The first chamber stores the water soluble ink to carry the ink toward the ball point through the core. An absorbent material for excess ink is contained in the second chamber in contact with the rear end of the core. The second chamber is communicated with the atmosphere through a vent hole thereof.

The advantages of a pen according to this invention are that any suction effects in the ink chamber are avoided. The excess ink chamber communicating with the atmosphere is always linked with the ink chamber through the elongated tube. There is substantially no danger of ink leakage and skipping. Moreover, when the air within the ink chamber expands, with a resultant increase in liquid pressure within the ink chamber it is possible to store excess ink by means of the excess ink absorbent. The resistance to flow of ink reaching the excess ink chamber by way of the clearance between the interior wall surface of the elongated tube and the inner core being inserted therein, is less than the resistance to flow of the ink which reaches the ball point which is held at the forward end of a nib holder along the inner core. Typically the inner core is between 1.57 to 1.61 mm. in diameter. A preferred clearance between the inner diameter of the elongated tube and the outer diameter of the inner core is from 0.10 to 0.15 mm. Skipping of ink is due to insufficient air ventilation caused by the clearance being too small. On the other hand, if the said clearance is more than 0.15 mm., then the ink tends to leak or blot.

The excess ink absorbent is of a continuous porous material or felt. The surface of the excess ink absorbent can be treated with a repellent material such as oil or siliconey resin, to maintain enough clearance for storing a fluid ink.

However, the surface of the excess ink absorbent is treated so as not to store more ink than its saturating capacity.

A resilient bulkhead can be used to prevent ink leakage from a vent hole along an interior wall of the excess ink chamber. Alternatively, two excess ink absorbents can be fixed in the interior of the casing by three resilient bulkheads.

The invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawing,

FIG. l is a longitudinal cross-section of a first embodiment of ball point pen,

FIG. 2 is a longitudinal cross-section of part of a second embodiment of ball point pen, and

FIGS. 3 and 4 are views similar to FIG. l, but showing third and fourth embodiments, respectively, of ball point pen.

In FIG. l, there is shown a nib holder 3 having a ball point 2 snugly and rotatably held at a front end of a hollow casing 1. It is similar to the nib holder construction of the well-known type ball point pen in that there is provided a relatively large central opening 4 and a smaller ink leading aperture 5.

In the central opening 4 of the nib holder 3, a slender ink leading core 6 extending inwardly of said hollow casing 1 is located. This ink leading core 6 is moulded in the form of a rod and is treated with a thermoplastic synthetic resin, thermo-setting synthetic resin and or their mixture to form capillaries in the longitudinal direction of the rod.

A middle bulkhead is made of flexible resilient plastics material. A central bore hole 9 is provided at the central portion of the middle bulkhead 8 so that an elongated tube 7 can be inserted snugly into the bore hole 9. The inner diameter of the elongated tube 7 should be such that an annular clearance is formed when the ink leading core 6 is inserted therein. The elongated tube 7 is supported and inserted into the bore hole 9 of the bulkhead so as to t snugly at the middle portion of inner wall of the hollow casing 1.

An inflow hole 11 for venting a fluid ink is formed between the rear end of nib holder 3 and the forward end of the elongated tube 7. Alternatively, the inflow hole 11 can be in contact with said rear end tube 7 and with the rear end of nib holder 3, as shown in FIG. 2, after a plurality of slots 14 have been provided at the forward end of tube 7.

The forward end of ink leading core 6 extends towards the inside of an excess ink chamber 13 and engages with an excess ink absorbent 15 of cotton, the surface of which has been coated with a silicone oil or resin. Because a space is formed surrounding the excess ink absorbent 15 (as shown by reference numeral 16 in the drawings) when the ink absorbent 15 is placed within the excess ink chamber 13 the ink is in contact with the atmosphere via a vent hole 18. In the embodiment shown in EIG. 3, the excess ink absorbent is placed between a bulkhead 19, having a vent hole 20 at the central portion and the middle bulkhead 8. In the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 4, two excess ink absorbents 15 are mounted and sandwiched by resilient bulkhead 19, respectively.

The air vent hole linking the excess ink chamber 13 with the atmosphere is at the central portion of a plug 17. In all cases, the plug 17 is tted flush to the rear end of the hollow casing.

It should be noted that a screw-thread is provided on the circumferential surface of the hollow casing as shown in the embodiment in FIG. 4 and is screwed to a hollow capsule made of metal or metal-like material. Moreover, a front end of hollow casing 1 is removably covered with a cap.

As described, it should be understood that the ink chamber 12 communicates with the outside atmosphere through the annular clearance 10, and also any excess ink which may cause ink leakage is retained in the ink absorbent 15.

I claim:

1. A ball point pen for water soluble ink, said pen comprising a tubular pen body having an opening; a tubular nib holder having front and back ends and being secured in the opening of the pen body; a rollable ball point Positioned and held in the front end of said nib holder; a capillary core held within the back end of the said nib holder to furnish ink to said ball point; an ink impermeable separator within said pen body forming an ink reservoir within said body, said separator also forming a second chamber, said separator having a single hole therethrough; an ink absorbent material positioned within Said second chamber and in contact with said core; and a tube positioned in the hole of said separator and substantially sealing said hole except for its tube bore, said tube protruding into said ink reservoir, said tube surrounding a portion of said core and said tube permitting a small ink passage between the tube and the core so that a limited amount of ink may flow from said reservoir to said absorbent material.

2. A ball point pen as in claim 1 wherein said separator is of a resilient plastic resin.

3. A ball point pen as in claim 1 wherein said body portion has a second opening partly closed by a plug having an air vent.

' 4. A ball point ,pen as claimed in claim 1 wherein the annular clearance between the core and the tube is from 0.10 to 0.15 mm. in diameter.

5. A ball point pen as claimed in claim 1 wherein the absorbent material has a partial coating of silicon oil.

y6. A ball point pen as claimed in claim `1 further cornprising a second separator within said body, said second separator having a vent hole and being positioned, within the said rst separator, to sandwich said absorbent material.

7. A ball point pen as claimed in claim 6 further comprising a second excess ink absorbent material placed on said second separator and being sandwiched with a third separator having an air vent hole therein.

8. A ball point pen as claimed in claim 1, wherein said tube is provided with a plurality of slots and is in contact with the rear end of said nib holder.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,654,108 10/ 1953 Scelsi 401-22 2,979,03 0 4/ 1961 Harrington 401--292 FOREIGN PATENTS 182,059 5/1955 Austria. 498,030 5/ 1930 Germany. 133,105 9/ 1951 Sweden.

LAWRENCE CHARLES, Primary Examiner U.S. Cl. X.R. 401-244 P04050 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE 0E CORRECTION P .xllcnt No. 3, 533,708 Dated October 13, 1970 Invcncor(s) Yukio Horie It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Column l, line 5l before "thereof", of the nib holder and. extends at the other end has been inserted;

Column l, line 55 "bulkhear" has been changed to bulkhead SIGNED, 'ANL' .Q'LEU EAL) Attest:

Bama M. mmh.; 1,., muy n. sam, m.

L. 0mm Omissions:- ot Patents

US3533708A 1967-11-16 1968-11-14 Ball point pen for water soluble ink Expired - Lifetime US3533708A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP7375667 1967-11-16
JP76268 1968-01-08

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3533708A true US3533708A (en) 1970-10-13

Family

ID=26333815

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3533708A Expired - Lifetime US3533708A (en) 1967-11-16 1968-11-14 Ball point pen for water soluble ink

Country Status (4)

Country Link
US (1) US3533708A (en)
DE (1) DE1809190C3 (en)
FR (1) FR1598194A (en)
GB (1) GB1179979A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4145148A (en) * 1976-10-01 1979-03-20 Sakura Color Products Corporation Ball-point pen for a low-viscosity ink
EP0014918A1 (en) * 1979-02-16 1980-09-03 SMH-ALCATEL Société anonyme dite: Apparatus for depositing ink droplets on a recording medium
US5993098A (en) * 1996-12-12 1999-11-30 Mitsubishi Pencil Kabushiki Kaisha Aqueous gel ink-filled ball point pen
US6425948B1 (en) 2000-08-24 2002-07-30 Bic Corporation Solvent-based fluorescent inks for writing instruments based upon pigment dispersions in non-aqueous solvents
US6517619B1 (en) 2000-08-24 2003-02-11 Bic Corporation Fluorescent inks for writing instruments using fluorescent dyes and white pigments

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2395154B3 (en) * 1977-06-20 1980-04-04 Waterman Sa
DE3207219C2 (en) * 1982-02-27 1989-09-14 Geha-Werke Gmbh, 3000 Hannover, De
DE4015586C3 (en) * 1990-05-15 1997-12-04 Dataprint Datendrucksysteme R Device for applying writing, drawing, printing or Malflüssigkeit on a base
DE19948477A1 (en) * 1999-10-08 2001-04-12 Dataprint R Kaufmann Gmbh Device for applying writing, drawing, printing, Malflüssigkeit or the like to a substrate

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE498030C (en) * 1928-06-01 1930-05-16 Otto Kind Fuellschreibhalter
US2654108A (en) * 1948-03-17 1953-10-06 Lee J Scelsi Revolvable ball type liquid applicator
AT182059B *
US2979030A (en) * 1957-02-25 1961-04-11 Parker Pen Co Writing instruments

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AT182059B *
DE498030C (en) * 1928-06-01 1930-05-16 Otto Kind Fuellschreibhalter
US2654108A (en) * 1948-03-17 1953-10-06 Lee J Scelsi Revolvable ball type liquid applicator
US2979030A (en) * 1957-02-25 1961-04-11 Parker Pen Co Writing instruments

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4145148A (en) * 1976-10-01 1979-03-20 Sakura Color Products Corporation Ball-point pen for a low-viscosity ink
EP0014918A1 (en) * 1979-02-16 1980-09-03 SMH-ALCATEL Société anonyme dite: Apparatus for depositing ink droplets on a recording medium
US5993098A (en) * 1996-12-12 1999-11-30 Mitsubishi Pencil Kabushiki Kaisha Aqueous gel ink-filled ball point pen
US6425948B1 (en) 2000-08-24 2002-07-30 Bic Corporation Solvent-based fluorescent inks for writing instruments based upon pigment dispersions in non-aqueous solvents
US6517619B1 (en) 2000-08-24 2003-02-11 Bic Corporation Fluorescent inks for writing instruments using fluorescent dyes and white pigments

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
FR1598194A (en) 1970-07-06 grant
DE1809190B2 (en) 1980-08-21 application
DE1809190A1 (en) 1969-07-17 application
DE1809190C3 (en) 1981-04-23 grant
GB1179979A (en) 1970-02-04 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3411854A (en) Ink conductor for fountain pens
US3203025A (en) Writing instrument
US3887287A (en) Multi-color marking implement
US4556336A (en) Pen core for writing instrument
US6183155B1 (en) Device for applying liquids onto a base using an applicator element
US2935970A (en) Fountain pen ink reservoir
US3594091A (en) Pen
US6164858A (en) Fluid regulator for supplying a consumer element with fluid from a fluid reservoir
US3941488A (en) Marker/anti-marker system
US4017871A (en) Marker with three phase ink circuit
US5290116A (en) Flow control for writing instruments
US3338216A (en) Writing instrument
US6416242B1 (en) Efficient fluid dispensing utensil
US3463597A (en) Ink writing implement
US6322268B1 (en) Efficient fluid dispensing utensil
US5556215A (en) Writing instrument with overflow chamber
US3355239A (en) Marking device
US2996750A (en) Fountain pen
US6086279A (en) Writing instrument
US4382707A (en) Felt tip writing pen
US5433545A (en) Writing implement
US2684052A (en) Writing instrument
US5073058A (en) Implement for applying liquid
US3481677A (en) Marking device
US3802788A (en) Stylographic pen cap