US3526457A - Cleaning apparatus for electrostatic copying machines - Google Patents

Cleaning apparatus for electrostatic copying machines Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3526457A
US3526457A US3526457DA US3526457A US 3526457 A US3526457 A US 3526457A US 3526457D A US3526457D A US 3526457DA US 3526457 A US3526457 A US 3526457A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
web
cleaning
roll
xerographic
pressure
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
John A Dimond
Armistead Wharton
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xerox Corp
Original Assignee
Xerox Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xerox Corp filed Critical Xerox Corp
Priority to US64741167A priority Critical
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3526457A publication Critical patent/US3526457A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03GELECTROGRAPHY; ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHY; MAGNETOGRAPHY
    • G03G21/00Arrangements not provided for by groups G03G13/00 - G03G19/00, e.g. cleaning, elimination of residual charge
    • G03G21/0005Arrangements not provided for by groups G03G13/00 - G03G19/00, e.g. cleaning, elimination of residual charge for removing solid developer or debris from the electrographic recording medium
    • G03G21/0041Arrangements not provided for by groups G03G13/00 - G03G19/00, e.g. cleaning, elimination of residual charge for removing solid developer or debris from the electrographic recording medium using a band; Details of cleaning bands, e.g. band winding

Description

p 1970 J. A. DIMOND ETAl- 3,526,457

CLEANING APPARATUS FOR ELECTROSTATIC COPYING MACHINES Filed June 20, 1967 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTORS JOHN A. ARMISTEAD WHARTON DIMOND 7 a.

AT TORNEVS Se t. 1,1970 J. A. DIMOND E 3,526,457

CLEANING APPARATUS FOR ELECTROSTATIC COPYING MACHINES Filed June 20, 1967 4 Sheets-Sheet L INVENTORS JOHN A. DIMOND ARMISTEAD WHARTON A TTORNEVS Sept. 1, 19'70 J. A. DIMOND ETAL 3,526,457

CLEANING APPARATUS FOR ELECTROSTATIC COPYING MACHINES Filed June 20, 1967 4 Sheets-Sheet INVENTORS JOHN A. DIMOND ARMISTEAD WHARTON ATTORNEYS Sept. 1, 1970 J. A. DIMOND ET AL 3,526,457

CLEANING APPARATUS FOR ELECTROSTATIC COPYING MACHINES Filed June 20, 1967 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 FIG. 4

Q2? 222 260 3,04 m l 279 1/ I64 I m 277 27/ I62 12s 262 T 255 k V 282 as FIG. 5 252 INVENTORS AT TOR/V573 United States Patent O 3,526,457 CLEANING APPARATUS FOR ELECTROSTATIC COPYING MACHINES John A. Dimond, Pittsford, and Armistead Wharton, Henrietta, N.Y., assignors to Xerox Corporation, Rochester, N.Y., a corporation of New York Filed June 20, 1967, Ser. No. 647,411 lint. Cl. A471 13/40; A46b 15/00; G03c 1/10 US. Cl. 355-15 2 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE An improved cleaning apparatus for an electrostatic copying machine wherein an electrostatic latent image formed on the surface of a plate member is moved past a series of processing stations. At the development station the image is developed by an electroscopic powder. At the transfer station the powder image is transferred to support material for subsequent fixing by pressure rolls. The improved cleaning apparatus for the plate and pressure rolls comprises a frame, a first roll rotatably supported in the frame supporting a web of fibrous material which is fed in a path with at least one surface to be cleaned and a first pressure roll for urging the web against the first surface to be cleaned. There is included a second roll positioned in the web path to form a loop directing the opposite side of the web toward a second surface to be cleaned. A second pressure roll urges the web against the second surface. An oscillating drive operatively associated with the second roll imparts intermittent rotary movement there to advance the web material along its path.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to electrostatic copying and, more particularly, to apparatus for cleaning surfaces contacted by an electrostatic powder image during the production of copy.

In one process of electrostatic copying, commonly referred to a xerography and disclosed in Carlson Pat. 2,297,691 issued on Oct. 6, 1942, a plate comprising a layer of photoconductive insulating material on a conductive backing is given a uniform electric charge over its surface and is then exposed to a document to be reproduced, usually by conventional projection techniques. This exposure discharges the plate areas in accordance with the radiation intensity that reaches them and thereby creates an electrostatic latent image on or in the photoconductive layer. Development of the latent image is effected with an electrostatically charged, finely .divided material that is brought into surface contact with the photoconductive layer and is held thereon electrostatically in a pattern corresponding to the electrostatic la tent image. Thereafter, the developed xerographic powder image is usually transferred to a support surface to which it may be fixed by any suitable means, such as, by heat and/or pressure.

As an incident to this cycle of operation and after the transfer of the powder image, a residue of unremoved developing material usually remains on the plate in image configuration. This residue is generally referred to as a residual powder image. Before the plate can be used for a subsequent reproduction cycle, it is necessary to remove completely the residual powder image from the plate. Also in the case of pressure fixing the image to its support material it is necessary to remove image powder offset on the pressure roll in contact with it for the continuous production of high quality copy.

Heretofore, plate cleaning in electrostatic copiers was 3,526,457 Patented Sept. 1, 1970 normally accomplished by one or more rotating brushes which brushed residual powder from the plate. Typical brush cleaning apparatus is disclosed in US. Pat. 2,832,- 977 to Walkup. Generally speaking, a cleaning brush material must be sufficiently soft so that it does not abrade the plate surface and at the same time be sufiiciently firm to remove the residual powder image without becoming matted or clogged after repeated use. Other factors, such as the triboelectric characteristics of the material also enter into the desirability of its selection for brush cleaning.

In xerography animal furs, such as New Zealand rabbit, have shown themselves to be preferred for cleaning brushes. Unfortunately, brushes of the animal fur type are expensive. Moreover, they have a limited cleaning life of approximately 35-40 hours, when used, for example, to clean a 15 /2 inch diameter drum rotating at about 5 rpm. before they become clogged and operate at decreased efliciency.

Various attempts have been made at cleaning a moving xerographic surface by other than fur brush, such as, by pulling a fibrous material across it. The latter, while satisfactory in one sense, requires a rather complicated and costly transport mechanism. Also the fibrous material normally is advanced continuously in synchronization with the moving plate causing it to be used up quickly and resulting in its frequent replacement.

Now in accordance with the instant invention a fur brush cleaner is completely eliminated and a web of fibrous material economically utilized instead. More than this, it is possible to clean two different surfaces simultaneously.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Therefore it is an object of this invention to improve cleaning apparatus in electrostatic copying equipment.

Another object of the invention is to provide method and apparatus to increase the efficiency of cleaning one or more surfaces while decreasing the cost of the cleaning apparatus.

Another object of the invention is to clean simultaneously a photoconductive insulating member on which a powder image is formed and a pressure roll fuser on which residue from the image has been offset.

Still another object of the invention is to ensure a constant incremental linear advance for a cleaning web transported past one or more cleaning stations in an automatic electrostatic copying machine.

Yet still another object of the invention is to construct a unique cleaning module for use in an automatic electrostatic copying machine.

The foregoing objects are accomplished in accordance with this invention, generally speaking, by selectively advancing a web of dispensable fibrous material in constant linear increments into rubbing contact first with a xerographic surface on one side while at the same time the other side of the web is presented into rubbing contact with the surface of a pressure roll of a pressure fixing assembly.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS For a better understanding of the invention as well as other objects and further features thereof, reference is had to the following detailed description of the invention to be read in connection with the accompanying drawings in which:

FIG. 1 illustrates schematically a xerographic reproducing apparatus employing a preferred embodiment of the Web cleaner apparatus according to the invention;

FIG. 2 is a left-hand perspective view of the webcleaner apparatus removed from the machine apparatus;

FIG. 3 is a right-hand perspective view of the web cleaner apparatus removed from the machine apparatus;

FIG. 4 is a sectional view of the supply roll with the web removed; and

FIG. 5 is a sectional view of the take-up roll with the web removed.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT In FIG. 1 there is shown a xerographic system adapted for continuous and automatic operation employing a cleaning web assembly generally designated according to the present invention. As is usual in xerographic systems, a xerographic member 20 having a photoconductive layer or light receiving surface on a conductive backing is formed in the shape of a drum and mounted on a shaft 24 for movement past several xerographic processing stations in a direction indicated by the arrow.

For purposes of the present disclosure the several xerographic processing stations in the path of movement of the xerographic surface will be described briefly except for the cleaning station which forms the basis of the present invention.

At a charging station a uniform electrostatic charge is deposited on the xerographic surface of the drum by means of a corotron 26.

Next there is an exposure station at which a light or radiation pattern of an original to be reproduced is projected onto the drum surface by an optical projector 28 to dissipate the drum charge in the exposed areas to leave an electrostatic latent image in the unexposed areas.

Adjacent the exposure station is a developing station at which a xerographic developing material, which includes toner particles having an electrostatic charge opposite to that of the latent image, is moved into contact with the drum surface by a developer apparatus 30 whereby the toner particles adhere to the latent image to form a powder image.

Positioned adjacent the developing station is a transfer station at which the powder image is electrostatically transferred by means of a corotron 32 from the drum surface to a web of support material 34. Support material 34 is taken from a supply roll 35 and urged into contact with the drum surface by a pair of pressure rollers 37 and 38 before being received onto a take-up roll 40. Take-up roll 40 is driven by a suitable drive and clutch arrangement (not shown). After the image has been transferred support material 34 is passed through the nip of pressure rolls 46, 47 to permanently fix the image on the support material.

In accordance with the present invention, next and final station is a cleaning station which serves a dual function of cleaning powder remaining on drum 20 and offset onto pressure roll 47 as will be described more fully hereinafter.

To aid in the removal of any residual powder remaining on the xerographic drum there is provided a corona precleaning device 54 that is similar to the corona discharge device employed at the charging and transfer stations. Any residual electrical charge remaining on the xerographic drum is dissipated by a light from a fluorescent lamp 57.

Referring now to FIGS. 2-5, web assembly 10 comprises a frame having a base 112 and a support plate memher 114 extending perpendicular to the base. A supply roll 116 is made up of a cleaning web 118 wound on a cylinder which may be of cardboard or other suitable material, rotatably supported from support plate member 114. Cleaning web 118 is led from supply roll 116 first around a pressure roll 124 with which it makes a first loop and then around a take-up roll 125. After being looped around take-up roll 125, the web is passed around a second pressure roll 127 before being secured onto take-up roll 125 by an adhesive or other suitable means. For clarity the vari ous loops in the web path are indicated by a series of arrow heads designated as A, B, C, and D, respectively, in

4 FIG. 1. Web 118 may be made from any suitable fibrous material, such as, paper toweling, cheese cloth, flannel, or cotton fibers, any of which may be impregnated with suitable chemical materials.

In accordance with the invention both sides of the cleaning web are utilized to clean different surfaces. Hence the path of the cleaning Web is so arranged that one side is presented at a first surface to be cleaned While the opposite side is presented to a second surface. In this case, the xerographic drum and pressure roll 47 in the pressure fixing assembly are cleaning simultaneously. Pressure rolls 124 and 127 urge opposite sides of the cleaning web onto their respective surfaces to be cleaned. Each of the pressure rolls is made from a soft rubber material in the form of a cylinder mounted for rotation. A rod 130 received through slots 132 formed in plates 134 and 136 serves to support pressure roll 124. In like manner pressure roll 127 is supported on a rod 138 received through another pair of slots 139 in plates 134, 136.

To urge pressure rolls 124 and 127 against their surface to be cleaned there is provided a pair of torsion springs 140 and 142. Torsion spring 140 is coiled about a support post 144 While spring 142 is coiled around an extension of post 144 in the form of shoulder screw 146. The end portions of each torsion spring extend in opposite directions to engage annular grooves formed on the ends of rods 130 and 138. By this arrangement forces exerted against one pressure roll are opposed by forces exerted on the other pressure roll. It should be noted that slots 132, 139 permit the pressure rolls to float with respect to their surface to be cleaned against the action of springs 140, 142.

Supply roll 116 is mounted on a core member (FIG. 4) which is rotatably supported on a rod 152 secured to support plate 114 by screw member 153. A plate member 154 and a screw 155 serve to hold core member 150 on rod 152. In similar fashion take-up roll 125 is mounted on a core (FIG. 5) rotatably supported on rod 162 secured to frame 114 by a screw member. It should be noted that rolls 116 and 125 are engaged by leaf springs 170, 172, respectively, extending outwardly from a longitudinally extending undercut portion on their respective cores 150 and 160.

It is desired that the web be advanced in small equal increments, as for example, inch for every cycle or revolution of the xerographic drum. To accomplish this, a driving member 250 in the form of an eccentric member carried on shaft 24 (FIG. 1) drives a cam follower 252 to oscillate a rocking arm 255 connected to take-up roll 125. Rocking arm 255 is connected to the frame by a spring 258 to maintain cam follower 252 in surface contact wiflt eccentric member 250. Unidirectional movement is imparted to the take-up roll via a one-way clutch 253 (FIG. 5). One-way clutch 253 comprises a coil spring 262 wrapped around a collar portion 260 of rocking arm 255 and core 160. As rocking arm moves in the driving direction, spring 262 tightens to impart a rotary force on core 160. However, on the return stroke of cam follower 252, spring 262 becomes loose freeing core 160 to provide the one-way clutch action desired.

To keep core 160 from backing up, another one-way clutch 266 similar to that already described is provided at the opposite end of the take-up roll. In this case, a spring 271 is coiled around collar member 273 and hub member 275 which is secured to one end of rod 162 by a set screw 277. When rotary motion is applied to core 160 in the driving direction to advance the Web, spring 271 remains loose permitting collar member 273 to move relative to hub member 275. However, when rotary motion of the core is attempted in the opposite direction, spring 271 becomes tight, fixing collar member 273 to hub member 275. A clamp 278 fastened 'by a screw 279 serves to hold clutch 266 firmly against core 160. It can now be appreciated that the oscillating motion imparted to cam follower 252 advances take-up roll 125 intermittently and desirably prevents the roll from backing up so as to maintain a tension on the web at alltimes.

Initially the amount of web advanced intermittently on the take-up roll is determined by the angle of oscillation through which the cam follower is moved. This angle can be regulated at the start of the cleaning operation by adjusting the position of screws 282 iii elongated slots 285 formed in rocking arm 255 (FIG.

In order to provide a constant linearincremental advance of the web onto the take-up roll, a web control assembly 290 is provided by which the web is advanced in equal linear increments onto the take-up roll. Control assembly 290 regulates the oscillating angle of the cam follower 252 at a rate which varies with the amount of material wound on the take-up roll. The control assembly comprises a stop finger 291 which engages a cam surface 292 formed in rocking arm 255 so as to limit the follow of cam follower 252 on eccentric member 250. Stop finger 291 is held by a spring 293 in a directionwhich affords a maximum oscillating angle for the cam follower at the beginning of a cleaning cycle.

Secured to stop finger 291 at the end of an elongated member 294 by a screw 295 and nut 29!? is a sensing arm 297 which bears against the web material on the take-up roll. It can now be appreciated that as the web material on the take-up roll builds up changing the diameter, sensing arm 297 is displaced, repositioning stop finger 291 along cam surface 292 on rocking arm 255 to thereby limit the rest position of cam follower 252. In this manner the angular travel of the cam follower is reduced proportionately as the web material builds up to effect a contant linear incremental advance of the cleaning Web for each oscillation of the cam follower.

In order to provide tension on supply roll 116, a brake assembly 310 comprising an annular member 311 with a high friction surface is mounted on one end of the roll for engagement with a leaf spring 314 secured to the frame. Annular member 311 may be any suitable friction surface as is known to those skilled in the art.

Described above is a new and unique cleaning assembly in which the cleaning web is moved in increments at a constant linear advance along its path. More than this the web simultaneously cleans two different surfaces by utilizing both sides of the web. Heretofore, cleaning assemblies for cleaning highly sensitive surfaces, such as, a xerographic plate were either elaborate and expensive brush assemblies which required continuous and frequent replacement or complicated mechanism for continuously driving a fibrous material in synchronism with the plate. Now it is possible to clean with a cleaning surface moved at a constant linear incremental advance by an extraordinarily simple drive mechanism which does not require many moving parts or accurate tolerances. The cleaning assembly is constructed as a module so as to facilitate removal of the web from the machine. It can bereadily appreciated that the cleaning assembly of the invention provides a simple and efficient cleaning operation highly desirable for producing high quality copies in an automatic copying machine.

While the invention has been described with reference to the structure disclosed herein, it should not be confined to the details set forth since it is apparent that various modificaions can be made. Thus a belt construction may be substituted for the xerographic drum and a variety of clutch mechanisms may be utilized for advancing the web 5 in one direction. Other modifications will occur to those skilled in the art and it is intended to cover such modifications or changes as may come within the purposes and improvements of the scope of the following claims.

What is claimed is: 1. In an electrostatic copying apparatus wherein an electrostatic latent image formed on the surface of a plate member is moved past a series of processing stations including a development station at which the image is developed by an electroscopic powder and a transfer station at which the powder image is transferred to support material for subsequent fixing by pressure rolls, an improved cleaning apparatus for the plate and pressure rolls comprising a frame, first roll means rotatably supported in said frame containing a web of fibrous material adapted to be fed in a path including at least one surface to be cleaned,

first pressure roll means for urging said web against a first surface to be cleaned,

second roll means positioned in the web path to form a loop directing the opposite seide of said web toward a second surface to be cleaned,

second pressure roll means for urging said web against said second surface, said second pressure roll means forming another loop in the web path for directing the web back onto said second roll means,

said second roll means being rotatably journaled in said frame and adapted to be driven to pull the web therearound, and

oscillating drive means operatively associated with said second roll means for imparting intermittent rotary movement thereto to advance the web material along the aforementioned path.

2. Apparatus according to claim 1 wherein said drive means includes sensor means operatively associated with said second roll means to determine the diameter of web material wound thereon, and control means operatively associated with said drive means and said sensor means to control the rotary movement of said second roll means at a rate inversely proportional to the diameter of web material thereon to achieve a constant linear advance of the web along its path.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,186,838 6/1965 Graft 35515 3,190,198 6/1965 Eichorn 35515 3,196,766 7/1965 Hansen 355l5 3,405,682 10/1968 King 961.4

NORTON ANSHER, Primary Examiner L. H. MCCORMICK, 111., Assistant Examiner US. Cl. X.R.

US3526457D 1967-06-20 1967-06-20 Cleaning apparatus for electrostatic copying machines Expired - Lifetime US3526457A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US64741167A true 1967-06-20 1967-06-20

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3526457A true US3526457A (en) 1970-09-01

Family

ID=24596885

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US3526457D Expired - Lifetime US3526457A (en) 1967-06-20 1967-06-20 Cleaning apparatus for electrostatic copying machines

Country Status (2)

Country Link
US (1) US3526457A (en)
GB (1) GB1225287A (en)

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3625605A (en) * 1970-12-10 1971-12-07 Gunther Schnall Electrostatic copying apparatus
US3649992A (en) * 1969-12-30 1972-03-21 Xerox Corp Cleaning apparatus for fusing system
US3712734A (en) * 1971-03-23 1973-01-23 D Jovanovic Device for cleaning xerographic cylinders
US3766592A (en) * 1971-12-02 1973-10-23 Fuji Xerox Co Ltd Drum cleaning device for an electrophotographic duplicator
US3776632A (en) * 1972-02-24 1973-12-04 Savin Business Machines Corp Cleaning mechanism for photoconductive surfaces
US3871081A (en) * 1969-07-14 1975-03-18 Canon Kk Cleaning equipment for electrophotography
US3879124A (en) * 1972-09-16 1975-04-22 Rudolf Eppe Apparatus for removing remnants of powder images in electrophotographic copying machines
US3950168A (en) * 1973-02-26 1976-04-13 Xerox Corporation Fixing powder images
JPS52167045U (en) * 1977-06-09 1977-12-17
US4145137A (en) * 1976-10-08 1979-03-20 Rank Xerox Limited Electrophotographic reproducing machine blade cleaning apparatus
US4279501A (en) * 1976-12-29 1981-07-21 Ricoh Company, Ltd. Cleaning device for photoelectrostatic copying apparatus
US4341455A (en) * 1979-11-13 1982-07-27 Burroughs Corporation Conducting toner transfer apparatus
US4557588A (en) * 1982-05-21 1985-12-10 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Image forming apparatus having a cleaning member
US4702591A (en) * 1984-11-09 1987-10-27 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Cleaning device for an image forming apparatus
US4785324A (en) * 1986-03-26 1988-11-15 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Electrophotographic apparatus and method for preventing the lowering of a charging voltage at a photoreceptor
DE3831789A1 (en) * 1987-09-19 1989-03-30 Minolta Camera Kk Image generation device
US5045890A (en) * 1989-04-07 1991-09-03 Xerox Corporation Fuser apparatus with release agent delivery system
US5049944A (en) * 1989-04-07 1991-09-17 Xerox Corporation Method and apparatus for controlling the application of a fuser release agent
US5147751A (en) * 1989-01-13 1992-09-15 Ricoh Company, Ltd. Electrophotographic photoconductor and electrophotographic copying process and apparatus using the photoconductor
US5198243A (en) * 1990-07-02 1993-03-30 Sony Corporation Calendering roll cleaning apparatus
CN106842873A (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-06-13 仁怀市云侠网络科技有限公司 Printer gives up powder reclaiming device

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3186838A (en) * 1960-12-27 1965-06-01 Xerox Corp Xerographic plate cleaning method utilizing the relative movement of a cleaning web
US3190198A (en) * 1960-12-23 1965-06-22 Xerox Corp Xerographic cleaning apparatus
US3196766A (en) * 1963-09-03 1965-07-27 Xerox Corp Xerographic apparatus
US3405682A (en) * 1964-06-08 1968-10-15 Xerox Corp Xerographic development apparatus with web loading means to remove residual developer

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3190198A (en) * 1960-12-23 1965-06-22 Xerox Corp Xerographic cleaning apparatus
US3186838A (en) * 1960-12-27 1965-06-01 Xerox Corp Xerographic plate cleaning method utilizing the relative movement of a cleaning web
US3196766A (en) * 1963-09-03 1965-07-27 Xerox Corp Xerographic apparatus
US3405682A (en) * 1964-06-08 1968-10-15 Xerox Corp Xerographic development apparatus with web loading means to remove residual developer

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3871081A (en) * 1969-07-14 1975-03-18 Canon Kk Cleaning equipment for electrophotography
US3649992A (en) * 1969-12-30 1972-03-21 Xerox Corp Cleaning apparatus for fusing system
US3625605A (en) * 1970-12-10 1971-12-07 Gunther Schnall Electrostatic copying apparatus
US3712734A (en) * 1971-03-23 1973-01-23 D Jovanovic Device for cleaning xerographic cylinders
US3766592A (en) * 1971-12-02 1973-10-23 Fuji Xerox Co Ltd Drum cleaning device for an electrophotographic duplicator
US3776632A (en) * 1972-02-24 1973-12-04 Savin Business Machines Corp Cleaning mechanism for photoconductive surfaces
US3879124A (en) * 1972-09-16 1975-04-22 Rudolf Eppe Apparatus for removing remnants of powder images in electrophotographic copying machines
US3950168A (en) * 1973-02-26 1976-04-13 Xerox Corporation Fixing powder images
US4145137A (en) * 1976-10-08 1979-03-20 Rank Xerox Limited Electrophotographic reproducing machine blade cleaning apparatus
US4279501A (en) * 1976-12-29 1981-07-21 Ricoh Company, Ltd. Cleaning device for photoelectrostatic copying apparatus
JPS52167045U (en) * 1977-06-09 1977-12-17
US4341455A (en) * 1979-11-13 1982-07-27 Burroughs Corporation Conducting toner transfer apparatus
US4557588A (en) * 1982-05-21 1985-12-10 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Image forming apparatus having a cleaning member
US4702591A (en) * 1984-11-09 1987-10-27 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Cleaning device for an image forming apparatus
US4785324A (en) * 1986-03-26 1988-11-15 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Electrophotographic apparatus and method for preventing the lowering of a charging voltage at a photoreceptor
DE3831789A1 (en) * 1987-09-19 1989-03-30 Minolta Camera Kk Image generation device
US4926218A (en) * 1987-09-19 1990-05-15 Minolta Camera Kabushiki Kaisha Image forming apparatus
US5147751A (en) * 1989-01-13 1992-09-15 Ricoh Company, Ltd. Electrophotographic photoconductor and electrophotographic copying process and apparatus using the photoconductor
US5045890A (en) * 1989-04-07 1991-09-03 Xerox Corporation Fuser apparatus with release agent delivery system
US5049944A (en) * 1989-04-07 1991-09-17 Xerox Corporation Method and apparatus for controlling the application of a fuser release agent
US5198243A (en) * 1990-07-02 1993-03-30 Sony Corporation Calendering roll cleaning apparatus
CN106842873A (en) * 2017-04-21 2017-06-13 仁怀市云侠网络科技有限公司 Printer gives up powder reclaiming device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB1225287A (en) 1971-03-17

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2857290A (en) Electroferrographic printing process and apparatus therefor
US3637306A (en) Copying system featuring alternate developing and cleaning of successive image areas on photoconductor
US2901374A (en) Development of electrostatic image and apparatus therefor
US6744994B2 (en) Image forming apparatus with environmentally-controlled first and second charging members
US3960445A (en) Color highlighting electrophotographic printing machine
US5016055A (en) Method and apparatus for using vibratory energy with application of transfer field for enhanced transfer in electrophotographic imaging
CA2210570C (en) Customer replaceable photoreceptor belt module
US2959153A (en) Xerographic image developing apparatus
US3449548A (en) Fusing device
EP0297911B1 (en) An image forming apparatus
US3914043A (en) Color accenting copying machine
US3989005A (en) Oil metering blade device
US3784297A (en) Photocopying machine
US3634077A (en) Method and apparatus for removing a residual image in an electrostatic copying system
US3672765A (en) Apparatus for making two-sided copies from two images on an original
US4252433A (en) Method and apparatus for removing a residual image in an electrostatic copying system
US3580670A (en) Apparatus for duplexing
US4174172A (en) Cleaning methods and apparatus for a photocopying device
US4063810A (en) Color transparency reproducing machine
US5132739A (en) Toner fuser having an offset preventing liquid applying means and image-forming apparatus for use therein
US4102305A (en) Development system with electrical field generating means
CA1230917A (en) Apparatus for charging toner particles
US4206994A (en) Belt tensioning system
US3053962A (en) Xerographic fusing apparatus
US3572288A (en) Development apparatus