US3518465A - Electric shaver - Google Patents

Electric shaver Download PDF

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US3518465A
US3518465A US3518465DA US3518465A US 3518465 A US3518465 A US 3518465A US 3518465D A US3518465D A US 3518465DA US 3518465 A US3518465 A US 3518465A
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casing
shaver
motor
drawings
portions
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Ivar Jepson
Leon M Roszyk
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Sunbeam Corp
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Sunbeam Corp
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K7/00Arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with dynamo-electric machines, e.g. structural association with mechanical driving motors or auxiliary dynamo-electric machines
    • H02K7/14Structural association with mechanical loads, e.g. with hand-held machine tools or fans
    • H02K7/145Hand-held machine tool
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S30/00Cutlery
    • Y10S30/01Rechargeable battery operated

Description

June 30, 1970 1. JEPSON ET AL ELECTRIC SHAVER 8 Sheets-Sheet 3 Original Filed July 15, 1963 m M T vw 49 Q8 @m u mm mm INVENTORS /\/A r/EPSOA/ AA/O BY Lea/v Foam rraeA/EY Q QQ Q3 mm Q WT III-I Q mh km Q R QM ms June 30, 1 970 I. JEPSON ET AL ELECTRIC SHAVER Original Filed July 15, 1963 8 Sheets-Sheet 5 aw u. mm Q fin INVENTORS y LEOA/ M Eggs 2W4 J ArrozA/EY June 30, 1970 I. JEPSON ET AL ELECTRIC SHAVER 8 Sheets-Sheet 4 Original Filed- July 15, 1963 .Q em q KS m m A Z i Y E 0 N W w M mm: MRI] W J u A 9% N\ 2 PM fi w[ W & mm Y 1 Kw ow \3 R: @Q 3 g a RN I. JEPSON ET AL ELECTRIC SHAVER 8 Sheets-Sheet 5 Original Filed July 15, 1963 WW Y w A z 5 W M w W m 3 ,L m U r N JEN A Z O -w$ m QM. wk W Nv l 3 \m ww Q 93 RQ. g. \E R: Q ug Nam. \Q Q m, x RN Q umk E u as mmm Q MR s mN .5 m. 3 mm Q k: m 2% 3% Q %Q ww June so, 1970 JEPSON ET AL $518,465

ELECTRIC SHAVER Original Filed July 15, 1963 B Sheets-Sheet 6 INVENTORS 1% 1442 ds o/d/lA/o U6 BY ZEOA/ M KQEZYK June 30, 1970 a. JEPSON ETAL 3,518,465

ELECTRIC SHAVER Original Filed July 15, 1965 8 Sheets-Sheet '7 INVENTORS N42 JEPSOA/ AA/D BY {,EOA/ M Raszvg ATTQZA/EY June 30, 1970 I. JEPSON E AL 3,518,465

ELECTRIC SHAVER Original Filed July' 15, 1963 8 Sheets-Sheet 8 INVENTOR /l A2 l/EPSOA/ AA/D BY /.E0/\/ M. aszyz TTOIQA/EY United States Patent- 3,518,465 ELECTRIC SHAVER Ivar Jepson, South Duxbury, Mass., and Leon M. Roszyl Berwyn, Ill., assignors to Sunbeam Corporation, Chlcago, Ill., a corporation of Illinois Application Nov. 21, 1966, Ser. No. 595,658, now Patent No. 3,386,023, dated May 28, 1968, which is a division of application Ser. No. 295,028, July 15, 1963, now Patent No. 3,311,763, dated Mar. 28, 1967. Divided and this application Jan. 8, 1968, Ser. No. 696,175

Int. Cl. H02]: 7/14 US. Cl. 31047 4 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE Rechargeable battery operated shaver with built-in charging means wherein the cutting mechanism and battery unit are spaced apart a minimum distance substantially equal to diameter of the armature of the motor interposed between them. The terminals which permit the charging unit to be connected to an external source of power are rendered inaccessible by a door member connected to the switch which controls energization of the motor from the battery. Thus, the battery cannot be recharged when the shaver motor is energized.

The present application is a division of copending Jepson and Roszyk application Ser. No. 595,658, now Pat. No. 3,386,023, filed Nov. 21, 1966, which in turn is a division of copending Jepson and Roszyk application Ser. No. 295,028, filed July 15, 1963, now Pat. No. 3,311,763 granted Mar. 28, 1967, and assigned to the same assignee as the instant application. It relates to apparatus for removing beards or face hair as well as for removing hair from arms, legs and other portions of the human body, and is generally referred to as an electric dry shaver. More particularly, the present invention relates to a so-called cordless or battery operated electric dry shaver including built-in means for recharging the batteries.

The electric shaver of the present invention is illusstrated, by way of example, as embodying a cutting mechanism very similar to that disclosed in copending lepson and Schuessler application, Ser. No. 109,551, filed May 12, 1961, now Pat. 3,196,539, and assigned to the same assignee as the present application. It also embodies features disclosed and claimed in copending Jepson application, Ser. No. 237,239, filed Nov. 13, 1962, now Pat. 3,206,850, and also assigned to the same assignee as the instant application.

Electric shavers of several different types are extensively employed by many persons as the sole means of shaving. The type of electric shaver disclosed in the abovementioned copending applications has proved to be unusually satisfactory for reducing shaving time, while still furnishing a very satisfactory shave. Moreover, the shavers have been designed so that they may be held comfortably and conveniently in the hand of the operator although the appearance design of the shaver of the present invention forms no part of this invention, but is disclosed in copending Peterson application, Ser. No. Des. 74,884, filed May 14, 1963, now Pat. No. Des. 196,911, also assigned to the same assignee as the instant application.

The type of shaver disclosed in the above-mentioned copending Jepson and Jepson et al. applications is one in which the beard enters the shaving head through a network of small holes or perforations in a curved comb. An oscillating cutter, preferably comprising several blades, travels 'back and forth across the inside of the curved comb at high speed. Centrifugal force supplemented by a spring force causes the blades to be in shearing engagement with the comb. A suitable electric motor oscillates the cutting mechanism at speeds in excess of nine thousand cycles per minute. It will be understood from the ensuing description that the present invention is not limited to the particular type of shaver disclosed in the above-mentioned copending applications, but may equally be used with either the so-called reciprocating shaver or the rotary shaver.

In the above-mentioned copending Jepson and Jepson et al. applications, the powerful electric motor used to actuate the cutting mechanism is of the rotary type and is energized through the conventional power cord from a source of current of a predetermined voltage. This is very satisfactory when the user employs the shaver in his own home or in hotels or the like accommodated with the same type of electric power that he has in his own home. It is a well known fact, for example, that in many of the foreign countries the voltages and frequencies of the power supply vary and the voltage outlets are considerably different so that to use a shaver of the type disclosed in the above-mentioned copending applications, various attachments are necessary so that the shaver can be used universally. It would be desirable to provide a shaver having the same powerful electric motor of the above-mentioned copending applications for driving the cutting mechanism at the same speed, which could be used for relatively long periods of time Without being connected 0t any source of power, so that a travel may use it all over the world without worrying about whether or not it can be connected-to the particular type of electric power outlet available in the various locations.

In recent years, battery operated devices have become relatively popular primarily due to the development of better batteries which were compact, would supply a great amount of energy without recharging and could readily be recharged when desired or necessary. The application of battery power to electric shavers presents a problem since the desirable size of the shaver casing is pretty well established to one that may be comfortably and conveniently held in the hand of the operator and must be very little different in configuration from that disclosed in the above-mentioned copending applications. Moreover, it is desirable to have a unitary structure wherein the batteries and charging unit are all embodied in a single casing. A real problem, therefore, presents itself to accommodate within a small casing a powerful electric motor and the necessary batteries to energize the motor to gether with means selectively to charge such batteries when desired. Furthermore, the unit must be such that the batteries can readily be replaced all while maintaininf the casing of a small size commensurate with that accepted as most desirable today.

In electric shavers .of the type described above, the essential elements which take up considerable space are the cutting unit or mechanism, the necessary powerful electric motor, and the batteries for operating the motor. It would be desirable to provide a particular geometry of these elements so that they may be disposed in a casing no greater than the size of the casing employed in the above-mentioned copending applications. In order to provide a motor having the necessary power to operate an electric shaver of the type described above, it is necessaryto have an armature of a predetermined diameter and it would be desirable to provide an electric motor in which the maximum dimension thereof in at least one direction is that of the armature. It furthermore would be desirable that an electric motor be provided utilizing a minimum volume of the casing in which it is incorporated.

. an improved .direct Accordingly, it -is an object of the present invention to provide a new and improved electric shaver of the battery-operated type.

It is another object of the present invention to provide a battery-operated electric shaver in which the cutting mechanism, the electric motor actuating the same, and the batteries for driving the motor are disposed in a casing of no greater size than that required for electric shavers heretofore driven directly from a source of-electric power. r

It is a further object of the present invention to provide current motor for a battery-operated device.

It is another object of the present invention to provide a new and improved electric shaver having an improved casing whereby there may be housed therein a powerful electric motor which is 'driven from a plurality of rechargable batteries, 'with means included insaid casing for recharging said batteries merely upon plugging the unit into a source of alternating. electric current.

Still another object of the present invention resides in an improved cordless electric shaver which may be used throughout the world without regard to the power supplies that may be available.

Yet another object of the present invention resides in an improved casing for a battery-operated shaver in which a large access opening is provided to get at the batteries for replacing the same and which casing includes pockets on either side thereof for suitable electrical components, such as a rectifier, a switch, and a current limiting capacitor.

Still a further object of the present invention resides in the provision of a new and improved assembly arrangement for a battery-operated shaver in which the parts are interrelated in a very simple manner to facilitate manufacturing and assembly and still provide a very foolproof construction.

It is another object of the present invention to provide a battery-operated shaver in which the charging means is embodied within the shaver casing and in which means are provided to prevent energization of the motor while the batteries are being recharged.

, were It is a further object of the present invention to pro- For a better understanding of the present invention reference may be had to which:

FIG. 1 is an elevational view of the electric shaver the accompanying drawings in 'of the present invention, with the start-stop switch in th open position;

FIG. 2 is a somewhat enlarged right end view of the shaver of FIG. 1, with certain portions cut away more clearly to' illustrate the present invention, and showing in dotted lines a shipping insert member to prevent the shaver from being energized during shipment thereof;

FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken on line 33 of FIG. 2, assuming that FIG. 2 shows the complete structure, but without the shipping insert;

FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken on line 4-4 of FIG.

FIG. .5 is asectional view taken on line 5-5 of FIG. 3, again'assuming that FIG. 3 shows the complete structure;

FIG. 6 is a sectional view taken on lined-f FIG.

3, again assuming that FIG. 3 shows the complete structure, but with certain portions cut away more clearly to illustrate the present invention;

3, assuming that FIG. 3 shows the complete structure;

casing and battery and tained therein;

FIG. 7 is a sectional view taken on line 77 of FIG. 3, also assuming that FIG. 3 shows the complete structure;

FIG. 8 is a sectional view taken on line 88 of FIG. 3, again assuming that FIG. 3 shows the complete structure;

FIG. 9 is a fragmentary sectional view taken on line 99 of FIGS, also assuming that FIG. 3 shows the complete structure;

FIG. 10 is a fragmentary view taken substantially on line 10-10 of FIG. 9,. assuming that FIG. 9 shows the complete structure;

FIG. 11; is a fragmentary sectional view taken on line 11-11 of FIG. 3, again assuming that FIG. 3 shows the complete structure;

FIG. 12 is a fragmentary enlarged sectional view taken on line 12-12 of FIG. 3, assuming that FIG. 3 shows the complete structure;

FIG. 13 is an exploded perspective view of the shaver motor supporting elements con- FIG. 14 is an exploded perspective view of the electric motor embodied in the shaver of FIG. 1;

FIG. 15 is a schematic diagram of the electric circuit embodied in the cordless shaver of the present invention; and

FIG. 16 is a somewhat schematic view of a standby attachment for energizing the shaver of FIG. 1 directly from a conventional alternating current source.

Briefly, the present invention is concerned with an electric dry shaver of the so-oalled cordless or battery operated type, and although generally applicable to all types of electric shavers has been illustrated as applied to shavers of the type disclosed in the above-mentioned copending Jepson and Jepson et al. applications, in which a plurality of oscillating cutting blades cooperate with a curved perforated comb depending upon centrifugal force and spring means for urging the cutting blades into engagement with the comb. Without increasing the size of the casing over that of the above-mentioned copending applications, there is incorporated therein the same cutting mechanism, a powerful electric motor and a plurality of rechargeable batteries capable of producing a large numher of shaves without recharging. In addition there is included acontrol switch and rectifier for recharging the batteries and preventing the shaver from being used while the batteries are being charged. An improved'casing construction and improved assembly means are provided whereby all of the shaver parts can readily be manufactured' and assembled in 'a simple manner and yet wherein ready access to the batteries for replacement purposes without disassembly can be accomplished.

Referring now to the drawings, the present invention is illustrated as embodied in an electric dry shaver generally designated by the reference number 20. Essentially the shaver 20 comprises a cutting assembly or mechanism, generally designated at 19 comprising a plurality of cutters coacting with a comb or cutting surface 21. The comb and'cutter mechanism are associated with a suitable casing generally designated at 22 and comprising casing secti'ons 23,24, and 25; The central section of the casing 22is substantially enclosed by the section 24 in the form of afwraparound and it defines a battery chamber 29 (FIGS. 3, 4 and 5 for housing a rechargeable battery unit generally designated as 26.

For driving the cutting assembly or mechanism 19 there is provided a powerful electric motor generally designated at 27. The cutting mechanism 19, the motor 27 and the battery unit 26 are disposed in compact superimposed stacked relationship as best shown in FIG. 3 of the drawings. The electric motor 27 is adapted to be connected by suitable driving means generally designated at 28 with the cutting or cutter mechanism 19 in order to cause oscillation of this cutter mechanism at speeds in excess of nine thousand cycles per minute. The casing sections 23 and of casing 22 might be designated as the clipper end casing section and the switch end casing section, respectively, because the casing section 23 is adjacent the clipper end of the shaver, and the casing section 25 effectively houses a control switch.

The shaver casing or housing 22 effectively defines a plurality of chambers therein in addition to the battery chamber 29 described above. In other words between the upper ends of the casing sections 23 and 25 of casing 22 there is provided a cutter chamber 30 for housing the cutter mechanism 19 (FIGS. 3 and 4). The lower portion of the cutter chamber 30 is defined by a head casting generally designated at 31 (FIGS. 3, 4 and 7) and the upper portion of the cutter chamber 30 is, of course, defined by the curved perforated comb 21, which is preferably identical with that disclosed in the above-mentioned copending Jepson and Jepson et al applications. Immediately beneath the head casting 31 and above the battery unit 26 is a motor chamber 32 (FIGS. 3, 4, 5 and 8). The switch end housing section 25 defines at the upper end thereof a drive or mechanism chamber 33 which is defined at the right end of the cutter and motor chambers 30 and 32, respectively, as viewed in FIG. 3 of the drawings. Beneath the mechanism chamber 33 within the switch end housing or casing section 25 and to the right of the battery chamber 29, as viewed in FIG. 3 of the drawings, is a switch and rectifier chamber 34. The clipper end housing section 23 defines a capacitor chamber 35 (FIGS. 3, 8 and 13) which is disposed to the left of the battery and motor chambers 29 and 32, respectively, as viewed in FIG. 3 of the drawings.

The cutting mechanism generally designated at 19 and the associated driving means 28 form no part of the present invention but are fully disclosed and claimed in the above-mentioned copending lepson and Iepson et a1, applications, so that they will only briefly be described in the instant application. As illustrated, the cutting mechanism 19 comprises the head casting 31 which is preferably in the form of die casting having four lateral projections 31a, one from each corner thereof, best shown in FIGS. 3, 5, 6 and 7 of the drawings. As disclosed in the above-mentioned copending Jepson application, the head casting 31 includes at either end thereof a plurality of upwardly directed projections designated as 31b and 310 (FIGS. 3, 4, 5 and 7) each of which terminates in an upwardly directed V-shaped notch. These V-shaped notches are each adapted to receive therein a cooperating resilient support or block 37 and 38, respectively, illustrated as substantially identical to those disclosed and claimed in the above-mentioned copending Jepson application. These resilient blocks 37 and 38 are preferably formed of neoprene rubber and serve as energy storage means as well as mounting means for the oscillating portions of cutter mechanism 19. The resilient block 37 is securely bonded to the clipper end of an oscillatin cutter shaft 39. Similarly the block 38 is securely bonded to the oscillating cutter shaft 39 adjacent the switch end thereof. The end of cutter shaft 39 projecting through the block 38 is connected to a combined counterweight and crank pin 40 which forms a part of the driving means 28 contained in drive chamber 33.

To clamp the resilient support blocks 37 and 38 into the respective V-shaped notches of the upwardly projecting portions 31b and 310 of the head casting 31 there are provided a pair of head bearing caps 41 and 42, respectively. Each of these head bearing caps is preferably formed as a casting and each comprises a cooperating downwardly directed V-shaped notch so that when the cap is secured to casting 31 by fastening means 44, best shown in FIG. 7 of the drawings, resilient blocks 37 and 38 are securely clamped in position and oscillation of the cutter shaft 39 requires stressing of the resilient blocks 37 and 38 to store and release energy therein. To support the comb 21 in the same manner as disclosed in the abovementioned copending Jepson application, the clipper end bearing cap 41 is provided with an arcuate projection 41a and similarly the crank end bearing cap 42 is provided with an arcuate projection 42a upon which cooperating portions of the comb 21 securely rest during the shaving operation when the comb is locked in place for shearing engagement with the coacting cutters.

In order resiliently to support the plurality of cutter blades, each designated as 46, for oscillation with the cutter shaft 39 the latter is provided with a plurality of upwardly extending supports 47a, 47b, 47c and 47d (FIGS. 3 and 4), which may be identical with those disclosed in the above-mentioned copending Jepson and Jepson et al. applications. These supports are of triangular shape and are rigidly secured to the cutter shaft 39. They are provided with suitable slots (the number of slots corresponding with the number of cutter blades 46, three being shown in FIG. 4 of the drawings) to receive the cutter blades 46 and suitable blade springs 48 therein in the same manner disclosed in the copending applications referred to above. From the above description it will be appreciated that the head casting 31, the oscillating cutter shaft 39 with its associated resilient blocks 37 and 38, the bearing caps 41 and 42, the blade supporting members 47a, 47b, 47c, 47d, the blade springs 48, the cutter blades 46, the combined counterweight and crank pin 40 and the screws or fastening means 44 for securing the bearing caps 41 and 42 in position provide a subassembly which might be designated the cutter subassembly, which together with the comb 21 defines the cutting mechanism 19 and hereinafter this subassembly will also be referred to by the reference numeral 19 which has been generally appended to the cutting mechanism.

An important feature of the present invention resides in the motor 27, which since it is battery operated, must be a direct current motor capable of producing the necessary output to oscillate the cutter shaft 39 and blades 46 at the high speed desired. It will be appreciated that to provide the desired power output an electric motor must have an armature of a predetermined diameter and a major limitation in motor size is determined by the size of the armature required. In accordance with the present invention and to provide a minimum vertical dimension for the motor 27, as viewed in FIG. 3 of the drawings, this dimension is determined substantially by the diameter of the armature of motor 27 designated as 50. Armature 50 is supported on an armature shaft 51 which is disposed in spaced parallel relationship with the oscillating cutter shaft 39. Moreover, the shafts 39 and 51 are substantially coextensive as far as the corresponding ends thereof adjacent the driving means or mechanism 28 is concerned.

As best shown in FIGS. 3, 4, 8 and 14 of the drawings, the motor 27 comprises a field structure, including pole pieces 53 and 54 and a permanent magnet 55. The permanent magnet 55 is illustrated as having a pair of plane opposed surfaces which are soldered to plane surface portions 53a and 54a of the pole pieces 53 and 54. The permanent magnet 55 is magnetized in the direction of the double ended arrow indicated in FIG. 14 of the drawings so that a magnetic field is provided between the portions of the pole pieces 53 and 54 which extend beyond the permanent magnet 55 and each of which is provided with an arcuate surface 53b and 54b, respectively, conforming to the exterior configuration of the armature 50 as is well understood by those skilled in the art. It will also be apparent from FIGS. 4 and 14 of the drawings that the pole pieces 53 and 54 are disposed one on each side of the armature 50 so that no portion of the field structure is disposed above or below the armature 50 and hence the diameter of the armature 50 determines the height of the motor chamber 32 (as viewed in FIGS. 3 and 4) and insures a minimum space requirement for this motor as far as the vertical dimension thereof is concerned, which permits the accommodation of a large battery unit 26 within the casing 22.

To support the magnet end of the armature shaft 51, the permanent magnet 55, which is preferably an alnico magnet, is provided with a notch 56 for receiving therein an axial load spring 57 and an end thrust bearing 58. Additionally, a sintered bronze bearing 60 is provided which is secured to the field structure comprising the pole pieces 53 and 54 and the magnet 55 by a suitable adhesive such as an epoxy resin or the like. To support the other end of the armature shaft 50 there is provided a combined bearing and brush support 61 adapted to be clamped to the ends of the pole pieces 53 and 54 remote from the magnet 55 by a pair of fastening means such as screws 62, best shown in FIGS. 5, 12 and 14 of the drawings. These screws preferably engage tapped openings 63 (FIG. 14), one in the end of each pole piece 53 and 54 remote from magnet 55. The bearing support 61 is preferably molded from a suitable plastic and is adapted to support a ball bearing unit 64, as best shown in FIGS. 3 and 8 of the drawings, within a suitable recess 65 defined therein. An opening in this support concentric with recess 65 permits the motor shaft 51 to extend therethrough into the drive chamber 33. Preferably a suitable dust shield 66 is interposed between the ball bearing unit 64 and a commutator 67 suitably secured to the armature shaft 51 in a well understood manner. To insure that armature 50 is mounted concentrically with arcuate surfaces 53b and 54b the bearing support 61 is provided with opposed arcuate flanges 61a (FIGS. 8 and 14) receivable in concentric relationship with surfaces 53b and 54b.

In accordance with the present invention, the combined bearing and brush support 61 is designed to accommodate a pair of identical spring and brush supports 68, best shown in FIGS. 3, 5, l2 and 14 of the drawings. To this end support 61 is provided with a suitable opening 69 and a pair of angularly disposed notches 70 and 71 for each support 68. Each pair of notches 70 and 71 are disposed at right angles to each other, these notches for the two brush supports 68 being best shown in FIG. of the drawings. Also as shown in FIG. 5 of the drawings, the brush supports 68 are located at diagonally disposed corners of bearing support 61. Each spring and brush support 68 comprises a cylindrical pin portion 68a which is adapted to be pressed into the corresponding opening 69' provided therefor. It also includes a pivot portion 68b for pivotally supporting an associated brush holder, as described hereinafter. Additionally, it includes an integral pin portion 68c, the axis of which is disposed generally at right angles to the axis of portion 68a. The pin portion 68c is adapted to support the coiled portion of a suitable torsion spring 73. During the assembly operation, the spring and brush supports 68 which are preferably die castings having the portions 68 a thereof pressed into their associated opening 69 in the bearing support 61 after the associated torsion spring 73 has been suitably mounted on the pin portion 68c of each support 68. When the portion 68a is fully inserted into its opening 69, the pin 680 is received in its corresponding notch 70, whereby the two spring and brush supports 68 are firmly secured to the bearing support 61. The notch 71 is provided to receive the end 73a of the torsion spring 73, whereby the other end 73b of the torsion spring 73 is capable of applying a biasing force to a suitable brush holder.

As best shown in FIG. 12 of the drawings, a pair of identical brush holders, designated as 73a and 7412, are provided. Secured to one end of holder 74a is brush 75a and secured to the corresponding end of holder 74b is brush 75b. The ends of the brush holders 74a and 74b, remote from the brushes 75a and 75b, respectively, are in the form of a sine wave to define adjacent oppositely directed pivot and spring recesses 76 and 77, respectively, as best shown in FIG. 12 of the drawings. The pivot portion 68b of each spring and brush support 68 is received within the pivot recess 76 of the associated brush holder 74a or 741) as the case may be, and the end 73b of the associated torsion spring is received in the associated spring recess 77. With the arrangement the springs 73 not only hold the associated brush holders 74a and 74b in pivotal engagement with pivot portions 68b of supports 68, but also bias the associated brushes 75a and 75b into engagement with the commutator 67 in diametrically opposed relationship, as clearly shown in FIG. 12 of the drawings. In an embodiment built in accordance with the present invention the direct current motor 27 was a five volt motor operating at a speed of between 9300 and 9700 revolutions per minute. Normal load for this motor for the particular application illustrated caused a current flow of the order of one ampere.

In accordance with the present invention the cutting subassembly 19 described above is united with the motor 27 and the drive means 28 into a cutting and power unit subassembly. To this end the pole pieces 53 and 54 are provided with tapped openings 72 (FIG. 14) to receive suitable fastening means 78 (FIG. 7) which extend through the head casting 31 and, consequently, unite the motor 27 and the cutting mechanism 19. In order to support suitable comb locks for securing the comb 21 in cutting position on arcuate supports 41a and 42a there is preferably provided a comb lock spring 79, best shown in FIGS. 4 and 5, which is interposed between the cutting assembly 19 and the motor 27 and secured in position by the fastening means 78 just described. The comb lock spring 79 is adapted pivotally to support comb locks 80 and 81 which, as will be obvious from the above-mentioned copending applications, are adapted to engage the lower edges of the comb 21 and hold it in cutting position relative to the oscillating cutting blades 46. The driving means 28 converts rotary motion of the armature shaft 51 to oscillating motion of the cutter shaft 39 and to this end the end of the motor shaft 51 adjacent the drive means 28 is provided with a crank 82 including a crank pin 83. The crank pin 83 is connected to one end of a suitable connecting rod 84, the other end of which is connected to the combined crank and counterweight 40 described above.

There has thus been described a cutting and power subassembly comprising a cutting mechanism 19', motor 27 and drive means 28 wherein the dimension in the vertical direction as viewed in FIG. 3 is no greater than the dimension of the cutting mechanism plus the diameter of the armature 50. Moreover, the cutting and power subassembly is such that if a source of direct current were connected to brushes 75a and 75b of motor 27 the subassembly could perform a shaving operation. The cutting mechanism illustrated is like that disclosed in the above-mentioned copending Jepson and Jepson et al. applications and includes at the clipper end thereof means for clipping sideburns and mustaches. No description thereof is included herewith since it forms no part of the present invention.

As best shown in FIGS. 3, 4, 5 and 13 of the drawings, the rechargeable battery unit 26 comprises a plurality of identical rechargeable batteries 26a, 26b, 26c and 26d, preferably of the nickel cadmium type, which are assembled into a unit by a suitable molded battery holder or rack 86. The batteries are illustrated as of the type where opposite ends thereof define the battery terminals. In a device built in accordance with the present invention the battery holder 86 comprised a molded plastic rack providing spaces for the four individual batteries 26a, 26b, 26c and 26d. This battery holder or rack 86 as viewed in FIGS. 4 and 13 of the drawings comprises two main horizontally disposed portions 86a and 86b and a vertical wall portion 86c. The portions 86a and 86c define a T- shaped member while the portion 86b defines a pair of shelves secured to either side of the leg of the T intermediate its ends. The portion 86a is provided with a centrally disposed recess 87 and the edges of this portion 86a on either side of recess 87 provide a plurality of supporting projections 86d. The remote ends of these projections 86d are cut away to define three substantially identical notches 88 and a fourth special notch 89. As

best shown in FIG. 4 of the drawings, batteries 26b and 26c are disposed above horizontal portion 86b while batteries 26a and 26b are disposed below this portion 86b. Moreover, batteries 26a and 26b are to the left of portion 86c and batteries 26c and 26d are disposed to the right thereof. Thus, the rack 86 insulates the individual batteries from each other. To prevent the batteries from sliding out of the ends of the rack 86 integral ends 86s and 86 are provided of a somewhat double H-shape, portions of which also provide means for insulating the connecting means for connecting the batteries 26a, 26b, 26c and 26d in series. The battery holder or rack 86 also includes a pair of depending tubular portions 86g at either end thereof adjacent ends 86:: and 86] which are provided with suitable openings to receive self-tapping fastening means 90 such as best shown in FIG. 3 of the drawings. To aid in supporting the lower two batteries 26a and 26d, the tubular portions 86g are each provided with a pair of curved surfaces 86h (FIG. 4). To connect the four individual batteries 26a, 26b, 26c and 26d in series, conductors 91a, 91b and 910, best shown in FIGS. 4 and of the drawings, are provided. These interconnections are facilitated by having the positive and negative terminals of alternate batteries disposed at opposite ends of rack or holder 86 as indicated in FIG. 5 of the draw: ings. The conductors 91a, 91b and 910 are flat uninsulated conductors, the intermediate portions of which are held away from the batteries by portions of rack ends 86a and 86 as best shown in FIGS. 4 and 5 of the drawings.

For the purpose of maintaining the individual batteries in the specific places provided therefor by the battery holder 86, a band of masking tape or similar adhesive generally designated at 92 encircles the rack and the batteries, as best shown in FIG. 4, of the drawings. This supporting band is disposed within the recess 87 thereby effectively taking up no otherwise useable space. It will be understood that the top of portion 86a of rack 86 effectively defines the boundary between battery chamber 29 and motor chamber 32.

Before considering how the above described power and cutting subassembly is supported in the casing 22, a brief description of the electrical circuit of the electric shaver 20 of the present invention is included with reference to the schematic diagram of FIG. 15 of the drawings where the corresponding parts are designated by the same reference numerals as in the other figures of the drawings. As there illustrated, the commutator 67 and brushes 75a and 75b and the battery 26 comprising the four separate cells 26a, 26b, 26c and 26d connected in series by conductors 91a, 91b and 91c are shown. In order selectively to control the connection of the battery unit 26 to the motor and specifically to the brushes 75a and 75b thereof, there is provided a switch generally indicated at 93 which comprises a pair of stationary contacts 94a and 94b and a pair of movable contact members 95a and 95b, respectively. The movable contact 95a is connected by a conductor 96 with the negative terminal of the battery unit 26 while the movable contact 95 is connected by a conductor 97 with the positive terminal of the battery unit 26 (the battery ends of these conductors 96 and 97 are shown in FIG. 5 of the drawings). The negative conductor 96 is also connected through switch contacts 94a and 95a and a conductor 98 with brush holder 74a and brush 75a. Likewise, the positive battery lead 97 is connected through the switch contacts 94b and 95b and a conductor 99 to the other brush holder 74b associated with the other brush 75b. It will be apparent that when the switch 93 i is closed the motor will be energized from the battery unit 26.

So that the battery unit 26 may selectively be recharged, there is provided a suitable charging circuit which comprises the conventional power cord 100 having a suitable female type plug connector 101 for connection with stationary pin type terminals 102a and 10212 suitably mounted in spaced parallel relationship in the shaver 20. When it is desired to charge the battery unit 26, the terminals 102a and 102b are adapted to make connection with the female type plug connector 101. As will be described hereinafter, means are provided to prevent the female type plug connector 101 from making electrical connection with the terminals 102a and 102b when the switch 93 is closed. The charging circuit of the present invention will permit the user to recharge the battery unit 26 from any source of alternating current having a voltage between ninety and two hundred fifty volts. To this end the charging circuit comprises a full wave rectifier unit 103, having a negative terminal 103a, a positive terminal 103b and alternating current terminals 103a and 103a. As illustrated, the negative terminal of the battery unit 26 is connected by a lead 104 with the negative terminal 103a of the full 'wave rectifier 103. Similarly, the positive terminal of the battery unit 26 is connected by a lead 105 with the positive terminal 103b of the full 'wave rectifier 103. Also, as illustrated, the terminal pin 102a is connected to the alternating current terminal 103d of the full wave rectifier 103 through a suitable fuse 107 and a conductor 108. The other terminal pin 10217 is connected to the other alternating current terminal 1030 of the full wave rectifier 103 through current limiting and voltage dropping capacitor 109 and a conductor 110. Preferably a leakage resistor 112 is connected across the capacitor terminals. In a device built in accordance with the present invention wherein the full wave rectifier 103 was a selenium rectifier capable of producing the desired output to charge the battery unit at approximately five volts, the capacitor 109 had a capacitance of forty seven hundredths of a microfarad. The leakage or discharge resistor 112 had a resistance of four hundred seventy thousand ohms.

As best illustrated in FIG. 3 of the drawings, the resistor 112 is connected directly across the terminals of the capacitor 109 and supported thereby. In order to support the capacitor 109 and associated resistor 112 within the capacitor chamber 35 in casing section 23, there is provided a suitable capacitor supporting clip 115, which has a clip portion 115a clamped around the body of the capacitor and a pair of opposed spring fingers 115b of a length to engage the walls of the chamber 35, as best shown in FIG. 8 of the drawings, thereby firmly to support the capacitor 109 and associated resistor 112 within the chamber 35.

In accordance with the present invention, and as best shown in FIGS. 2, 3, 6, 8, 9, l0 and 11 of the drawings, the switch 93, the full wave rectifier 103, the fuse 107 and the pin terminals 102a and 10% comprise a subassembly which is capable of being suitably supported within the switch and rectifier chamber 34. To this end there is provided an insulated switch housing and rectifier support generally designated as 117. Member 117 is an integrally molded member including a boxlike housing portion 117a open on one side and having a central partition 117b dividing the housing into tWo spaced adjacent chambers 118 and 119. Depending from the end of portion 117a is an insulating panel portion 1170 for supporting in spaced parallel relationship the terminal pins 102a and 102b described above. To mount the insulated switch housing and rectifier support 117 in shaver casing 22 there are provided laterally projecting ears 117d, 117e and 117i through which suitable fastening means extend to engage suitable tapped openings in integral projections 25a, 25b and 250, respectively, of casing section 25 extending into the switch and rectifier chamber 34. Disposed within the insulated chamber 118 is a portion of stationary switch contact 94a and movable switch contact 95a of switch 93 which is best shown in FIGS. 9 and 10 of the drawings. Disposed within the insulated chamber 119 is a portion of stationary switch contact 94b and movable switch contact 95b, best shown in FIGS. 3 and 9 of the drawings. Contacts 95a and 95b are illustrated as symmetrical resilient contact fingers each having one end thereof secured to a wall portion 117g of member 117 'within its associated chamber 118 or 119, and with the other end biased out of contacting engagement with its associated stationary switch contact 94a or 941).

In order to support the rectifier 103 with respect to the switch housing and rectifier support 117 the conductors 104 and 105 connecting the rectifier terminals 103a and 1031) to the switch contacts 95a and 95b, respectively, are rigid conductors suitably secured to member 117 as by extending through the wall 117g common to chambers 118 and 119. Preferably also the member 117, and specifically wall 117g, is provided with a plurality of spaced integral projecting fingers 11711, 1171', 117i and 117k, as shown in FIGS. 3, 6 and 8 of the drawings, for defining a space therebetween for rectifier 103.

For the purpose of activating the movable resilient switch contacts 95a and 95b of the switch 93 there is provided a combined switch actuating and interlock member 121 including a projecting button or knob portion 121a and a rectangular door portion 121b. The door portion 121b is adapted to be slidably mounted across the open side of boxlike housing portion 117a in sliding en gagement with the partition 117b. At least a portion of the side walls of housing portion 117a extend beyond the plane of partition 117b to define guides for the edges of door portion 121b. On the side of the door portion 121b opposite the side from which button or knob 121a projects are a pair of spaced somewhat triangular switch actuating projections 121c and 121d disposed to move within chambers 118 and 119, respectively. In one extreme position of the combined switch actuating and interlock member 121 shown in FIGS. 3 and of the drawings, the projections 1210 and 121d are out of engagement with the movable spring contacts 95a and 95b. respectively. When the member 121, however, is moved to the other extreme position, the projections 121c and 121d engage the movable contact members 9511 and 95b, respectively, and move them into contacting engagement with stationary contacts 94a and 94b, respectively, thereby closing the switch 93 as is readily apparent from the schematic circuit diagram of FIG. of the drawings. In this latter position it should be observed, as best shown in FIGS. 2 and 10 of the drawings, that the lower part of the door portion 121b moves in front of the pin terminals 102a and 10% so that in this position it is impossible to electrically connect plug connector 101 with these pin terminals for charging the battery unit 26.

To selectively latch the member 121 in either of its two positions (the closed position of switch 93 or the position when a source of current may be connected to the charging circuit for the battery unit 26), there is provided a spring detent member 124' of a generally U- shaped configuration, the ends of the legs of the U remote from the bight portion terminating in somewhat V-shaped latching projections 124a and 124b. This U-shaped detent member 124 surrounds boxlike housing portion 117a with the bight portion thereof along wall 117g and positioned between finger 11711 and a similar finger 117m (FIGS. 3 and 10). The legs of the U are disposed in notches 125 (FIG. 9) defined in the outside side walls of boxlike housing portion 117a. The latch projections 124a and 1241) are disposed in notches 126 and 127 defined in that part of housing portion 117a defining guides for door portion 121b. Each of the opposed edges of the door portion 121b are provided with a pair of equally spaced V- shaped notches 128 and 129 and the latching projections 124a and 12412 and are selectively receivable in either the pairs of notches 128 or 129 thereby selectively to hold the switch actuating and interlock member 121 in the closed or the open position of switch 93.

When the switch and rectifier sub-assembly is suitably secured within chamber 34 of the housing section of casing 22 by the fastening means 120, the switch actuating and interlocking member 121 is slidably disposed and retained in position between the inside wall defining the chamber 34 and the switch housing and rectifier support 117. The casing section 25 is provided with a pair of spaced openings 130 and 131 leading into chamber 34. The opening 130 is adapted to permit the switch actuating button 121a to project therethrough for ready actuation thereof from the exterior of casing 22 as best shown in FIGS. 2, 3 and 10 of the drawings. The opening 131 on the other hand is aligned with the terminal pins 102a and 10212 and is of such a size as to permit the ready insertion of the plug connector 101 for electrical connection with the terminal pins 102a and 10%. When the switch actuating and interlock member 121 is in its lowermost position, which is the closed position of switch 93, the door portion 121!) extends over the opening 131 and prevents the insertion of the plug connector 101 and hence prevents recharging of the battery unit 26 when the switch 93 is in the closed position. Preferably housing section 25 is provided with integral wall portions 25d and 250 within chamber 34 on either side of opening 131 effectively to define a plug receptacle for plug connector 101.

In some instances it may be desirable to have a standby power attachment, described hereinafter and disclosed in FIG. 16 of the drawings, whereby the shaver motor 27 may be operated directly from a conventional alternating current source. In this event, a particular orientation of the plug connector of the standby power attachment is necessary. To this end, opening 131 is provided on its lower edge with a notch 131a (FIG. 2). Also, a projection 11711 from the lower end of terminal pin support 1170 is provided with a corresponding notch 133 coextensive with and aligned with notch 131a.

So that the switch 93 cannot be closed to energize motor 27 during shipment of the shaver 20 a shipping insert 134, shown in dashed lines in FIG. 2 of the drawings, is employed. This insert 134, preferably formed of cardboard, has a V-shaped portion 134a the apex of which is receivable in aligned notches 131a and 133. The insert 134 includes flaps 13412 extending from the top of the V which engage the lower edge of door portion 121b and prevent its movement until the insert is removed.

In assembling the housing sections 23 and 25 'with the power and cutting sub-assembly described above, the switch and rectifier sub-assembly is first mounted within chamber 34 of housing section 25, and similarly the capacitor 109 and the resistor 112 are first suitably supported within chamber 35 of housing section 23. In accordance with the present invention each of the housing sections 23 and 25 in addition to the portions thereof defining the respective chamber described above are provided with a pair of spaced parallel relatively narrow projecting walls which extend from the edges defining the open sides of the chambers contained therein, as best shown in FIG. 13 of the drawings. As illustrated, the casing section 23 is provided with integral spaced parallel projecting wall portions 23a and 2312. Similarly, the easing section '25 is provided with similar integral spaced parallel projecting wall portions 25 and 25g. The ends of wall portions 25 and 25g are each provided with a pair of spaced integral projecting pins 25h and 25i. Similarly, the ends of projecting wall portions 23a and 23b are provided within cooperating apertures 135 and 136 to receive the pins 25h: and 251, respectively. For the purpose of holding the two. casing sections 23 and 25 in assembled relaationship with the pins 25h and 25i disposed in the apertures 135 and 136, there are provided a pair of U-shaped clips 137, best shown in FIGS. 8 and 13 of the drawings, which are preferably formed of resilient spring material. The legs of the U-shaped clips are adapted to be received in cooperating slits 138 defined in the projecting wall portions 23a, 23b, 25 and 25g. In order that the bight portions of the clips 137, when the legs thereof are inserted in the slits 138, do not project be yond the surface of the projecting wall portions, these wall portions are recessed, as indicated at 139, ad acent openings 138.

For the purpose of supporting the power and cutting sub-assembly within the casing 22 in a manner so as not to transmit any vibrations to the casing and, furthermore, in a manner that permits easy assembly, each of the casing sections 23 and '25 is provided with recesses 140 on either side thereof imemdiately above the projecting wall portions and in the wall defining chambers 35 and 33, respectively. These recesses are adapted to receive therein resilient mounting grommets 141 preferably formed of a suitable =butyl rubber or the l1ke. These mounting grommets are of somewhat U-shaped configuration having short retaining flanges 141a projecting from each end of the bight portion thereof. The recesses 140 have undercut portions 140a to receive these flanges and thus serve to retain the grommets 1 41 1n position. The projecting ears 31a on the head casting 31 are receivable between the fiingers of the grommets 141, as best shown in FIGS. 6 and 7 of the drawings. During an assembly operation the casing sections 23 and 25 with the grommets 141 suitably mounted therein are brought toward each other so as to cause the supporting ears 31a to move into supporting engagement with the grommets 141. When the casing sections are brought together to the position shown in FIG. 8 of the drawings the pins 25h and 251' are received within apertures 135 and 136 and the clips 137 can be inserted in slits 138 to lock the casing sections 23 and 25 together with the subassembly comprising the motor and cutting mechanism sub-assembly resiliently supported by these casing sections and with the cutting mechanism disposed above the projecting wall portions 23a, 23b, 25 and 25g. When the the U-shaped clips 137 are moved into place it will be apparent that a large access opening between the chambers 34 and 35 and below motor chamber 32 is afforded for inserting battery unit 26 and also to permit the electrical connections shown in FIG. 15 of the drawings to be completed. These electrical connections are preferably completed before inserting battery unit 26.

For the purpose of supporting the battery unit 26 the projecting wall portions 23a and 251 are provided as elongated grooves 144a and 144b, respectively, along the inside and near the lower edge thereof for receiving the supporting projections 86d on the side of the battery rack or holder. Similarly the projecting wall portions 23b and 25g are provided with grooves 145a and 1451;, respectively, for receiveing the supporting projections 86d on the other side of rack 86. The grooves 144a and 144b and the grooves 145a and 145b in abutting projecting wall portions are aligned to define two continuous grooves 144 and 145, one on each inside wall of casing 22. The battery unit 26, including rack 86, can readily be assembled with casing 22 by inserting the projections 86d on one side of rack 86 into the groove 144. Then the battery unit 26 is pivoted about the projections in groove 144 to force the projections 86d on the other side of rack 86 into groove 145. To facilitate this operation the top edges of projections 86d are rounded as indicated at 146 (FIGS. 4 and 13) and the inside wall of casing 22 directly beneath grooves 145a and 145b is chamfered, as indicated at 147. The notches 88 and 89 in portion 86a of rack 86 provide means whereby the portion 86a directly engages the inside walls of casing 22 at the ends of grooves 144 and 145 to provide a more rigid assembly. To complete the casing 22, the U-shaped wraparound or casing section 24 is moved into position and held there by the fastening means 90 which secure it to the tubular projections 86g of rack 86. So that section 24 may aid in locking casing sections 23 and 25 together in assembled relationship the casing section 23 is provided at the lower end with a depending locking projection 23c while casing section 25 is provided with a similar projection 25 as best shown in FIGS. 3 and 13 of the drawings. Moreover, the bight portion of the wraparound or U-shaped casing section 24 is provided with cooperating hook-shaped portions 24a and 24b at each end thereof for engaging the locking projections 23c and 25 respectively, as clearly shown in FIG. 3 of the drawings, so that the casing sections 23 and 25 are firmly locked together at the bottom thereof. To facilitate engagement of the hook-shaped portions 24a and 24b with the cooperating portions on casing sections 23 and 25, these casing sections are provided with recesses 148 and 149 adjacent projections 23c and 251', respectively. In order that casing section 24 may be securely supported along the edges thereof, casing sections 23 and 25 below projecting wall portions 23a, 23b, 251 and 25g are provided with flanged portions 23d and 25k, respectively, of reduced thickness, best shown in FIGS. 11 and 13 of the drawings. Moreover, the lower portions of projecting wall portions 23a, 23b, 251 and 25g are also provided with portions of reduced thickness to engage the ends of the legs of U-shaped casing section 24 and effectively to define a recess for said casing section. The outside of the bight portion of casing section 24 is preferably flat to provide a flat surface for supporting shaver 20 in an upright position.

In order to interlock the ends of the legs of U-shaped casing section 24 with casing sections 23 and 25, there are provided interlocking projections 24c and 24d somewhat in the form of a truncated pyramid. Moreover, these projections 24c and 24d are provided with laterally projecting flanges 242 from each side thereof. The casing sections 23 and 25 are provided with cooperating recesses 150 having undercut portions 150a for receiving the projections 24c and 24d and thus the associated flanges 24s in the undercut portions 150a (FIG. 8). The recesses 150, when the casing sections 23 and 25 are held assembled by U-shaped clips 137, have sloping edges to engage the sloping edges of projections 24c and 24d. By forcing the projections 24c and 24d into recesses 150 the casing sections will be forced tightly together and the leg portions of the U-shaped wraparound or casing section 24 Will be firmly interlocked with the casing sections in a very simple manner. Additionally, the portions 240 and 24d overlie clips 137 and hold them in engagement with slits 138. The U-shaped wraparound 24 may be provided with a surface which makes ready gripping thereof possible, as clearly shown in FIG. 13 of the drawings, and may also have a decorative effect to give the shaver 20 a pleasing appearance.

In FIG. 16 of the drawings there is illustrated a standby attachment generally designated as which includes a step down transformer and rectifier unit 156 for convert ing one hundred ten volt alternating current energy to five volt direct current energy. Conventional terminals 157 permit the unit 156 to be plugged into any conventional outlet. The direct current output of unit 156 is connected by a power cord 158 to a plug connector 159 receivable in the plug receptacle of shaver 20. The plug connector 159 has a pair of openings 160 for receiving terminal pins 102a and 102b but no electrical conductors are contained in these openings. Supported on one side of connector 159 are contacts 161a and 16112 for making sliding engagement with contacts 162a and 162b provided in shaver 20. These contacts 162a and 162b are also illustrated in FIG. 15 of the drawings. As best shown in FIGS. 3 and 10 of the drawings, the contacts 162a and 16211 are electrically connected to stationary contacts 9401 and 94b, respectively, and extend around the lower wall portion 117p of boxlike housing 117a so as to have spring contacting portions disposed above terminal pins 102b and 1020!, respectively. When plug connector 159 is inserted in in the opening 131 the contacts 161a and 16111 engage with contacts 162a and 162b, respectively, to connect power directly to motor 27 even though switch 93 is open. Connector 159 is provided with a projection 159a receivable in aligned notches 131a and 133 whereby connector 159 can only be correctlyinserted in the plug receptacle of shaver 20. In view of the detailed description included above, the operation'of the electric dry-shaver 20 will readily be apparent to those skilled in the art. It will furthermore be apparent that the dry shaver'which' is battery operated has been disclosed as comprising readily assembled parts, each of very sturdy construction which will give long and foolproof operation. Moreover, the size of the casing is no greater than that' of a' very successful electric shaver shown in' the above-mentioned copending Jepson and Jepson and Schuessler applications. There-has been provided an arrangement embodying a very powerful electric motor driven by a battery unit. Additionally a charging unit has been built into the casing 22 so that all the operator has to do to recharge the battery is to plugit into a suitable power source of alternating current having a voltage between ninety and two hundred fifty volts. Moreover, a control switch for turning on the motor isprovided with means whereby it is impossible to charge the battery while the motor is connected to the battery.

While only a single embodiment of the present invention has been shown, it will be understood that various changes and modifications will occur to those skilled in the art and it is contemplated in the appended claims to cover all such changes and modifications as fall within the true spirit and scope of the present invention.

What is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent of the United States is:

1. A battery operated electric shaver comprising a casing, an elongated cutting mechanism, and electric motor and a rechargeable battery unit disposed in stacked relationship within said casing with said motor between said cutting mechanism and said battery unit, said motor including an armature, the axis of rotation of said armature being disposed in spaced parallel relationship with the longitudinal axis of said elongated cutting mechanism, means for drivingly relating said motor and said cutting mechanism, and circuit means for electrically connecting said battery unit to said motor, said cutting mechanism and said battery unit being spaced apart by a minimum distance substantially equal to the diameter of said armature.

2. In a cordless electric shaver, the combination of a casing having an elongated cuttnig mechanism across one side of said casing, an electric motor having an armature disposed adjacent said cutting mechanism and operatively connected therewith, the axis of rotation of said armature being disposed in spaced parallel relationship with the longitudinal axis of said elongated cutting mechanism, a rechargeable battery unit in said casing adjacent said motor whereby-said motor is disposed between'said cutting' mechanism;and battery unit, circuit means in said casing for electrically comie'cting said batteryunit and said motor, said cutting mechanism and saidbattery unit being spaced apart by a minimum distance substantially equal to the diameter of said armature; I r

3. A directcurren-t electric motor for powering abattery operated shaver comprising a magn'etof block shape, a pair ofpole pi'eces having adjacent ends overlying and secured-to opposed sides 'of said magnet with portions thereof projecting beyondsaid magnet to define apair of diametrically"opposed"poles, an armature rotatable between said 'poles,-an armature shaft supporting said armature, means defining a recess in said magnet between said pole pieces, axial thrust means for one end of said shaft mounted in" s'a'id're'cess, a combined brush and bearirig support secur'edto the ends of'said pole pieces remote from said '-ma'gnet,'bearing means for said shaft including a bearing mounted in said support, a commutator adjacent the opposite end of said shaft, and brushes mounted on said support and engaging'said' commutator.

4. A combined brush and spring support for an electricshaver'motor of the type having a commutator, comprising an insulating member secured to said' motor adjace'nt" said commutator, a'brush for engaging said commutator, a holder for said brush including an end shaped like a sine wave defining a pivot recess opening toward said commutator and a spring recess opening away-from said commutator, a support mounted in an aperture defined, in said-member and including a pin disposed at an angle to'the longitudinal axis of said support, a notch in said member for receiving said pin, a torsion spring on said pin, said holder being mounted to receive a portion of said support in said pivot recess and a portion of said spring in said spring recess thereby to bias'said brush into engagement with said'commutator.

I References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS I Primary Examiner: R; SKUDY, Assistant Examiner t i U1s.C1,X.'R.

US3518465D 1963-07-15 1968-01-08 Electric shaver Expired - Lifetime US3518465A (en)

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US59565866 US3386023A (en) 1963-07-15 1966-11-21 Electric shaver
US69617568A true 1968-01-08 1968-01-08

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US3518465A true US3518465A (en) 1970-06-30

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3783508A (en) * 1970-08-14 1974-01-08 Gillette Co Electric shavers
US4860147A (en) * 1987-01-30 1989-08-22 Simatelex Manufactory Company Limited Shock-protected domestic electrical apparatus
US8432073B2 (en) * 2009-07-16 2013-04-30 Silicon Touch Technology Inc. Power generating device

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3043996A (en) * 1958-01-23 1962-07-10 Licentia Gmbh Dry shaver apparatus having different power units
US3255435A (en) * 1962-01-12 1966-06-07 Sperry Rand Corp Portable electrical appliance
US3283185A (en) * 1960-01-11 1966-11-01 Sperry Rand Corp Battery operated electric shaver
US3329881A (en) * 1964-07-27 1967-07-04 Sperry Rand Corp Power and control means for electrical appliances

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3043996A (en) * 1958-01-23 1962-07-10 Licentia Gmbh Dry shaver apparatus having different power units
US3283185A (en) * 1960-01-11 1966-11-01 Sperry Rand Corp Battery operated electric shaver
US3255435A (en) * 1962-01-12 1966-06-07 Sperry Rand Corp Portable electrical appliance
US3329881A (en) * 1964-07-27 1967-07-04 Sperry Rand Corp Power and control means for electrical appliances

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3783508A (en) * 1970-08-14 1974-01-08 Gillette Co Electric shavers
US4860147A (en) * 1987-01-30 1989-08-22 Simatelex Manufactory Company Limited Shock-protected domestic electrical apparatus
US8432073B2 (en) * 2009-07-16 2013-04-30 Silicon Touch Technology Inc. Power generating device

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