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Method for cooling a continuous casting

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US3511305A
US3511305A US3511305DA US3511305A US 3511305 A US3511305 A US 3511305A US 3511305D A US3511305D A US 3511305DA US 3511305 A US3511305 A US 3511305A
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cooling
strip
coolant
zones
mold
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Alfred J Wertli
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ALFRED J WERTLI
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Alfred J Wertli
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D11/00Continuous casting of metals, i.e. casting in indefinite lengths
    • B22D11/14Plants for continuous casting
    • B22D11/143Plants for continuous casting for horizontal casting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D11/00Continuous casting of metals, i.e. casting in indefinite lengths
    • B22D11/04Continuous casting of metals, i.e. casting in indefinite lengths into open-ended moulds
    • B22D11/045Continuous casting of metals, i.e. casting in indefinite lengths into open-ended moulds for horizontal casting

Description

May 112, 1970 A. J. WERE! 3,511,305

METHOD FOR COOLING A CONTINUOUS CASTING Original Filed April 25, 1966 Fig. 7

Inventor- ALFPED 7. M/EDTL/ United States Patent Ofice 3,511,305 METHOD FOR COOLING A CONTINUOUS CASTING Alfred J. Wertli, Poststr. 15, EH8406, Winterthur, Switzerland Original application Apr. 25, 1966, Ser. No. 544,946, now

Patent No. 3,447,592, dated June 3, 1969. Divided and this application Oct. 23, 1968, Ser. No. 793,626 Claims priority, application Switzerland, May 3, 1965,

6,275/ 65 Int. Cl. B22d 11/00 US. Cl. 16482 4 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE The casting is continuously cooled in a differential manner by passing separate cooling streams through the cooling apparatus in order to obtain different rates of cooling in each coolant passage to effect a homogeneous structure in the casting, the cooling apparatus is formed with U-shaped coolant passages and the temperature or rate of flow of the coolant through each coolant passage is adjustably varied.

This is a division of application Ser. No. 544,946, filed Apr. 25, 1966, now Pat. 3,477,592 issued June 3, 1969.

This invention relates to an apparatus and method for cooling a continuously cast strip. More particularly, this invention relates to an apparatus and method for cooling a continuously cast metal casting to a strip within the mold forming the same.

Heretofore, the melt of a metal or an alloy has been passed through molds which have been cooled by cooling devices surrounding the molds in order to solidify the melt into a rod. The cooling devices have generally been constructed in two pieces, one piece extending across the upper side of the mold and the other piece extending across the opposite lower side of the mold. Both pieces of the cooling devices have had cooling medium streams passed through chambers therein in a manner wherein each stream has cooled the entire width of the strip.

However, the strips which have been heretofore cooled have clearly shown parabolic lines in the upper and lower surfaces caused by the solidifying process, particularly when the strips have been advanced intermittently during the casting process. Upon examining the structure of these strips it has been found that a heterogeneous structure exists in front of and in the rear of each of these parabolic lines. Further, because the distances between the parabolic lines at the edge portions have been much smaller than the distances between the lines at the middle of the strip the structure of the edge portions has been heterogeneous throughout.

This heretofore structure is undesirable for subsequent treatments, particularly for cold-forming treatment, since cracks and fissures are likely to appear in the edge portions when the strips are cold-rolled.

Accordingly, it is an object of the invention to provide an apparatus and method of cooling a continuously cast strip to obtain a homogeneous structure over substantially the entire width of the casting.

It is another object of the invention to provide an apparatus and method for differentially cooling a continuously cast strip.

It is another object of this invention to provide an apparatus and method for cooling a continuously cast strip to obtain solidification lines on the surface of the strip substantially perpendicular to the direction of movement of the casting.

3,511,305 Patented May 12, 1970 It is another object of this invention to provide an apparatus and method for cooling a continuously cast strip which can be subjected to cold working substantially without the occurrence of cracks in the edge portions of the casting.

Generally, this invention provides a cooling apparatus in combination with a mold of an apparatus for continuously casting a strip from the melt of a metallic substance which comprises a means surrounding the mold having a plurality of separate coolant passages therein for the passage of separate coolant streams therethrough to difierentially cool different zones of the mold. The coolant passages are arranged longitudinally of the mold parallel to the direction of movement of the metal through the mold in respective cooling zones lying side by side for individually and independently cooling the respective zones.

The method of the invention comprises the step of passing a plurality of separate coolant streams across at least one part of the mold to differentially cool the cooling zones of the mold whereby the edge cooling zones are subjected to a lesser cooling effect than the middle zones. The several coolant streams are conducted through the respective zones either at rates of flow or at temperatures which are differentially adjusted relative to each other. Further, a different coolant may be used in each zone in order to differentiate the heat absorption by the coolant in the individual zones.

These and other objects and advantages of the invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the appended drawings in which:

FIG. 1 illustrates a diagrammatic broken top section of a continuously cast rod; the left-hand portion showing a strip with parabolic lines as heretofore produced and the right-hand portion showing a strip with substantial straight lines as produced by the invention;

FIG. 2 is a diagrammatic top view of a cooling system according to the invention; and

FIG. 3 is a view taken on line A-B of FIG. 2.

Referring to the left-hand side of FIG. 1, the surface of a strip as heretofore produced has a plurality of parabolic solidification lines thereon wherein the distance H between the middle portions of the lines is much greater than the distance h between the end portions of the lines which are on the border of the strip surface. Such a casting has a structure which is heterogeneous substantially throughout the width of the strip.

Referring to the right-hand side of FIG. 1, the surface of a rod formed according to the invention as hereinafter described has a plurality of substantially straight lines normal to the direction of movement of the casting as indicated by the arrow. These substantially straight lines are much shorter than the parabolic lines produced by the heretofore methods as illustrated in the left-hand side of FIG. 1.

Referring to FIGS. 2 and 3, the cooling apparatus of the invention includes a top part 1 and a bottom part 2 which are interconnected, for example, by means of bolts whose locations are indicated by dash-dot lines 3. A mold 4 preferably of graphite, is also made of two parts clamped between the top and bottom parts 1, 2 of the cooling apparatus and surrounds a cavity whose cross section corresponds to the cross section of the cast strip 5. The mold 4 has a part projecting from the cooling apparatus, as shown at the top of FIG. 2 which is pressed against the wall of a furnace, not shown, containing the melt. When casting, the liquid metal flows into the cavity of the mold 4 wherein the metal gradually solidifies to form a strip 5 due to the action of the cooling apparatus. The strip 5 is moved either continuously or intermittently in the direction of the arrow 6.

The upper part 1 and the lower part 2 of the cooling apparatus are each divided into three zones a, b and c, the zones at and c being placed above and below the edge portions of the strip and the zone b being located above and below the middle of the strip. Each zone comprises a U-shaped cooling chamber 8 extending in the longitudinal direction of the strip, the legs of the U extending from the base of the U in the direction of movement of the strip through the mold. The cooling chambers 8 are provided with apertures 9 at the ends of the legs of the U for admitting coolant to the chamber and releasing the coolant from the chamber as shown by arrows 10. In addition, suitable conventional means such as hand operated valves 11 which are disposed in flow lines (not shown) are provided for adjusting the rate of flow of the coolants through the chambers 8. In this way the cooling effect throughout the width of the strip can be varied and controlled as desired.

Whereas the heretofore used methods have not provided division of the cooling effect, with the method according to the invention the individual cooling streams can be so adjusted that less cooling is efiected in the zones a and c than in the zone b, for example, by reducing the rate of flow of coolant through the zones a and 0 relative to the rate of flow of coolant through the zone 11. This causes a more uniform heat release across the width of the strip resulting in a more uniform structure of the strip material. Strips made by the method according to the invention and with the described cooling system do not show parabolic solidification lines but substantially straight lines extending perpendicular to the direction of movement of the strip in the casting apparatus, as shown in the right side of FIG. 1. Further, castings made according to the invention have good metallurgical qualities, particularly for cold-working.

Instead of differentially adjusting the rate of flow of coolant through the individual zones, the different cooling effects may be obtained in another manner, for example, by differentially adjusting the temperature of the coolant entering the different zones a, b, c.

It is also possible to supply the border zones with a coolant that has cooling properties different from those of the coolant supplied to the middle zones. Coolants having different cooling properties are, for example, water and oil.

Any two of the described three methods of obtaining different cooling effects may be combined or all three described methods may be used at the same time.

When producing strips having a greater ratio of the sides than shown in FIG. 3, the central portion of the upper and of the lower part of the cooling apparatus may be divided into two or more zones, each zone being provided with a separate coolant stream.

Further, without departing from the scope of the invention, a one-piece cooling apparatus which has a separate upper and lower portion may be used in lieu of the apparatus shown. In this case a separate cooling zone having its own coolant stream may be arranged at the side of each edge of the strip or the cooling zones placed above and below the edges of the strip may be connected to form a common cooling zone. It is also possible to replace the joint connecting the upper and the lower part of the cooling apparatus shown in FIG. 3 by a joint which extends at a right angle to the joint shown in FIG. 3 and to arrange cooling zones adjacent to the edges of the metal strip as described.

Instead of providing a single U-shaped cavity 8 in each zone, several such cavities may be arranged in each zone.

It has been found that by cooling the edge portions of the strip differently from the cooling of the middle of the strip, solidification of the melt is more uniform and the structure of the casting is more homogeneous thereby resulting in strips of good metallurgical quality. The strips show substantially straight lines normal to the direction of movement of the strips which lines are much shorter than the parabolic lines characterizing strips made in the heretofore known manner. Further, the method according to the invention can be used when making strips the width of which is six times its thickness thereby considerably broadening strip manufacturing possibilities. For example, the method can be utilized to produce strips the long side of whose rectangular cross section is up to seventy times the short side.

Having thus described the invention it is not intended that it be so limited as changes may be readily made therein without departing from the scope of the invention. Accordingly, it is intended that the foregoing description and appended drawings be interpreted as illustrative only and not in a limiting sense.

What is claimed is:

1. A method of cooling a continuous casting to form a strip from the melt of a metallic substance in a mold having edge cooling zones and a middle cooling zone therebetween comprising the step of passing a plurality of separate coolant streams across at least one part of the mold and controlling each of said coolant streams to differentially cool the mold zones so as to subject the edge zones of the mold to a lesser cooling effect than the middle zone of the mold and produce a substantially homo geneous casting structure.

2. A method as set forth in claim 1 wherein the rates of flow of said separate coolant streams are differentially adjusted relative to each other to differentially cool the mold zones.

3. A method as set forth in claim 1 wherein the temperatures of said separate coolant streams are differentially adjusted to differentially cool the mold zones.

4. A method as set forth in claim 1 wherein each of said separate cooling streams is formed of a coolant having different cooling properties from the other of said coolant streams to differentially cool the respective mold zones.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,515,284 7/1950 Zeigler et al. 164-89 2,672,665 3/1954 Gardner et a1 16482 3,206,809 9/1965 Herrmann 164-89 3,412,784 11/1968 Wieland 164273 X FOREIGN PATENTS 518,702 11/1955 Canada.

I. SPENCER OVERHOLSER, Primary Examiner R. S. ANNEAR, Assistant Examiner Patent No. 3; 5 3 5 Dated May 12, 1970 Alfred J. Wertli Inventor(s) ppcars in the above-identified patent It is certified that error a hereby correc ted as shown below:

and that said Letters Patent are Column 1, line 29, "Patent 3A77592H should be "Patent 3, l7,592

SIGNED AND SEALED AUG 261970 (SEAL) Attelt:

mrm z. 38'- Attesting Oificar coniasionn of Patent!

US3511305A 1965-05-03 1968-10-23 Method for cooling a continuous casting Expired - Lifetime US3511305A (en)

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CH627565 1965-05-03

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US3511305A Expired - Lifetime US3511305A (en) 1965-05-03 1968-10-23 Method for cooling a continuous casting

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DE (1) DE1284053B (en)
ES (1) ES326387A1 (en)
FR (1) FR1471859A (en)
GB (1) GB1140395A (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3580328A (en) * 1969-05-12 1971-05-25 Gen Motors Corp Mold for improved control of heat transfer in casting plate or strip products
JPS4831136A (en) * 1971-08-28 1973-04-24
WO1988000868A1 (en) * 1986-08-08 1988-02-11 Kurzinski Cass R Apparatus and method for continuously casting steel slabs
US5247988A (en) * 1989-12-19 1993-09-28 Kurzinski Cass R Apparatus and method for continuously casting steel slabs
US5526869A (en) * 1994-09-29 1996-06-18 Gladwin Corporation Mold for continuous casting system
US5771958A (en) * 1995-09-14 1998-06-30 Ag Industries, Inc. Mold for continuous casting system
US5927378A (en) * 1997-03-19 1999-07-27 Ag Industries, Inc. Continuous casting mold and method
US6273177B1 (en) * 1996-09-25 2001-08-14 Sms Schloemann-Siemag Aktiengesellschaft Continuous casting mould
US6374903B1 (en) 2000-09-11 2002-04-23 Ag Industries, Inc. System and process for optimizing cooling in continuous casting mold

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3608614A (en) * 1967-03-22 1971-09-28 Concast Ag Support member for casting in continuous casting operation
US3595302A (en) * 1967-05-11 1971-07-27 Schloemann Ag Cooling structure for continuous-casting mold
FR1594307A (en) * 1968-06-05 1970-06-01
DE1916505A1 (en) * 1968-11-15 1970-08-06 Wiener Schwachstromwerke Gmbh Continuous casting cooling device
JPS5037365Y1 (en) * 1974-10-01 1975-10-30
DE2728993C2 (en) * 1977-06-28 1984-06-28 Fried. Krupp Gmbh, 4300 Essen, De
DE2847581C2 (en) * 1978-11-02 1987-10-08 Fried. Krupp Gmbh, 4300 Essen, De
US4535832A (en) * 1981-04-29 1985-08-20 Gus Sevastakis Continuous casting apparatus
WO2010090353A1 (en) * 2009-02-09 2010-08-12 新日本製鐵株式会社 Titanium slab for hot-rolling, and smelting method and rolling method therefor
EP2394757A4 (en) * 2009-02-09 2014-05-21 Toho Titanium Co Ltd Hot-rolled titanium slab melted by electronbeam melting furnace, method of melting and method of hot-rolling titan slab
CN102990021B (en) * 2012-12-18 2016-01-13 江苏三环实业股份有限公司 Weight belt on the roll-forming machine
CN103056335B (en) * 2012-12-27 2015-12-23 江苏三环实业股份有限公司 Gravity extruded lead strip caster
CN104827006B (en) * 2015-04-22 2017-01-11 河南科技大学 One kind of large diameter horizontal continuous casting and forging state extrusion apparatus brass and copper production process

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US2515284A (en) * 1947-12-26 1950-07-18 Kaiser Aluminium Chem Corp Differential cooling in casting metals
US2672665A (en) * 1950-03-13 1954-03-23 Kaiser Aluminium Chem Corp Casting metal
CA518702A (en) * 1955-11-22 The American Metal Company Mold and method for continuous casting
US3206809A (en) * 1961-08-25 1965-09-21 Alusuisse Continuous casting of plates and strips from non-ferrous metals
US3412784A (en) * 1965-06-18 1968-11-26 Wieland Werke Ag A mold for continuous casting of flat bars having an oval graphical insert surrounded by a cooled rectangular jacket

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US1491964A (en) * 1922-09-26 1924-04-29 Conley Tinfoil Corp Art of casting metal slabs
US2195809A (en) * 1936-06-22 1940-04-02 American Smelting Refining Continuous casting
US2428660A (en) * 1945-03-24 1947-10-07 American Brass Co Water-cooled slab mold
FR1071355A (en) * 1952-02-22 1954-08-31 Boehler & Co Ag Geb Cooling casting shells in bar
BE560271A (en) * 1956-08-27
US2987788A (en) * 1958-03-06 1961-06-13 Gen Electric Crucible assembly for electric arc furnace
US3049769A (en) * 1961-07-14 1962-08-21 United States Steel Corp Adjustable-taper mold for continuous casting
US3292216A (en) * 1963-06-25 1966-12-20 Concast Ag Adjustable mold for continuous casting installation

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA518702A (en) * 1955-11-22 The American Metal Company Mold and method for continuous casting
US2515284A (en) * 1947-12-26 1950-07-18 Kaiser Aluminium Chem Corp Differential cooling in casting metals
US2672665A (en) * 1950-03-13 1954-03-23 Kaiser Aluminium Chem Corp Casting metal
US3206809A (en) * 1961-08-25 1965-09-21 Alusuisse Continuous casting of plates and strips from non-ferrous metals
US3412784A (en) * 1965-06-18 1968-11-26 Wieland Werke Ag A mold for continuous casting of flat bars having an oval graphical insert surrounded by a cooled rectangular jacket

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3580328A (en) * 1969-05-12 1971-05-25 Gen Motors Corp Mold for improved control of heat transfer in casting plate or strip products
JPS4831136A (en) * 1971-08-28 1973-04-24
JPS5032066B2 (en) * 1971-08-28 1975-10-17
WO1988000868A1 (en) * 1986-08-08 1988-02-11 Kurzinski Cass R Apparatus and method for continuously casting steel slabs
US5247988A (en) * 1989-12-19 1993-09-28 Kurzinski Cass R Apparatus and method for continuously casting steel slabs
US5526869A (en) * 1994-09-29 1996-06-18 Gladwin Corporation Mold for continuous casting system
US5771958A (en) * 1995-09-14 1998-06-30 Ag Industries, Inc. Mold for continuous casting system
US6273177B1 (en) * 1996-09-25 2001-08-14 Sms Schloemann-Siemag Aktiengesellschaft Continuous casting mould
US5927378A (en) * 1997-03-19 1999-07-27 Ag Industries, Inc. Continuous casting mold and method
US6374903B1 (en) 2000-09-11 2002-04-23 Ag Industries, Inc. System and process for optimizing cooling in continuous casting mold

Also Published As

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ES326387A1 (en) 1967-03-01 application
DE1284053B (en) 1968-11-28 application
GB1140395A (en) 1969-01-15 application
FR1471859A (en) 1967-03-03 grant
US3447592A (en) 1969-06-03 grant

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