US3505995A - Mouthguard with compressible chamber in outer flange - Google Patents

Mouthguard with compressible chamber in outer flange Download PDF

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US3505995A
US3505995A US3505995DA US3505995A US 3505995 A US3505995 A US 3505995A US 3505995D A US3505995D A US 3505995DA US 3505995 A US3505995 A US 3505995A
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outer
flange
chamber
teeth
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Samuel Greenberg
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SAMUEL GREENBERG
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Samuel Greenberg
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B71/00Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B1/00 - A63B69/00
    • A63B71/08Body-protectors for players or sportsmen, i.e. body-protecting accessories affording protection of body parts against blows or collisions
    • A63B71/085Mouth or teeth protectors

Description

April 14, 1970 5, GREENBERG 3,505,995

MOUTHGUARD WITH COMPRESSIBLE CHAMBER IN OUTER FLANGE Filed Aug. 21, 1967 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 \NVENTOR 5AM u EL GREEN BERG hw p K M ATTORNEY s. GREENBERG 3,505,995

MOUTHGUARD WITH COMPRES'SIBLE CHAMBER IN OUTER FLANGE April 14, 1970 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Aug. 21, 1967 \NVENTOR SAMUEL GREENBERG w ,6 W

ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,505,995 MOUTHGUARD WITH COMPRESSIBLE CHAMBER IN OUTER FLANGE Samuel Greenberg, Philadelphia, Pa. (Stump Road and Commerce Drive, Montgomeryville, Pa. 18936) Filed Aug. 21, 1967, Ser. No. 662,128 Int. Cl. A61f /56 US. Cl. 128-136 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A mouthguard in the form of a substantially U-shaped member of channel cross-section adapted to receive and shield the upper or lower set of teeth with a chamber in the outer flange to render the same compressible so that an impact thereto will be softened before it is transmitted to the teeth and lips.

This invention relates to a mouthguard to protect the teeth, mouth and lips of athletic contestants. Heretofore, mouthguards were solid members worn over the teeth, and although made of tough resilient plastics, nevertheless a blow to the mouth or jaw of the wearer would be directly transmitted to the teeth and lips.

The primary object of this invention is to provide a chamber in the outer flange of such guards in the labial and buccal areas so that the flange is rendered compressible to thus absorb and soften the impact of such blows before it is transmitted to the teeth and lips.

Another object of the invention is to provide a guard of the character described which contains a compressible outer flange and is fabricated either as a standard unfitted substantially U-shaped member of channel crosssection or as such a unit capable .of being custom fitted to the particular set of teeth of the wearer.

Another object of the invention is to provide a mouthguard with a compressible outer flange containing a chamber continuously or intermittently extending from distal end to distal end of the guard and disposed at the la bial and buccal areas, which chamber may contain air or a resilient foam material.

Yet another object of the invention is to provide an eificient method of making both fitted and unfitted mouthguards with compressible outer flanges.

These and other objects of the invention will become more apparent as the following description proceeds in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a molded horseshoe shaped channel member in the initial stage of making on fitted guards of the instant invention;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged sectional view taken on the line 2-2 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a foam filler employed in one form of the present invention;

FIG. 4 is a view similar to FIG. 2 showing the filler of FIG. 3 in place in the member of FIG. 1;

FIG. 5 is a view similar to FIG. 4 showing the upper edge of the outer flange sealed off to provide a chamber with the foam material therein;

FIG. 6 is a perspective view of the complete unfitted guard of FIG. 5;

FIG. 7 is a view similar to FIG. 1 of a modified member in the initial stage of making the fitted guard of the instant invention;

FIG. 8 is a view similar to FIG. 7 showing the sealing of the upper edge of the outer flange to provide the chamber therein; and

FIG. 9 is an enlarged sectional view taken on the line 99 of FIG. 8.

Specific reference is now made to the drawings wherein 3,505,995 Patented Apr. 14, 1970 similar reference characters are used for corresponding elements throughout.

The fitted guard of the instant invention shown in FIGS. 7-9 may be made of a tough resilient thermoplastic resin which can be softened to take teeth impressions in the mouth and to be cooled to fix these impressions, of the type disclosed in Patent No. 3,250,272 or of the high molecular weight binary ethylene-vinyla-cetate copolymers disclosed in my copending application Ser. No. 531,123 filed Mar. 2, 1966 and commercially available from Du Pont under the trademark Alathon. The unfitted guard of FIGS. 1-6, that is one which will shield the teeth as a standard unit and will not contain teeth impressions, can be made of the same thermoplastic resins but of thinner gauge or of other resilient plastic materials known in the art such as polyvinyl chloride, polyurethane, etc.

Coming now to FIGS. 1-6, a precursor member 10 in the form of a substantially U- or horseshoe-shaped unit of channel cross-section is formed of a suitable plastic by casting or preferably injection molding techniques. This the member will contain a shorter inner or lingual flange 12, an outer two-part flange 14 and a web 16 connecting the lingual and outer flanges at their lower edges. Using a suitable male member during injection molding, the outer flange 12 will be formed to contain an inner portiOn 18, an outer portion 20 and a cavity 22 therebetween corresponding to the male member and opening through the upper edge of the outer flange 14 as at 24.

The opening 24 is then sealed peripherally as at 26 as are the distal ends 28 and 30 to thereby provide one form of guard in which the cavity 22 becomes a sealed chamber 31 which extends substantially from one distal end 28 to the other 30 and thus covers the labial area 32 and the buccal areas 34. If the chamber should partially collapse'during the sealing of the upper edge, one distal end can be sealed to provide a pinhole for the insertion of a needle through which air can be pumped to inflate the chamber. Such a guard when placed over the upper and/or lower teeth will have an air chamber 31 around the labial and buccal areas of the outer flange rendering the latter compressible so that the impact of blows thereto will be softened before being transmitted to the teeth. If desired the chamber 31 may be partially filled with a liquid.

Prior to sealing the opening 24 peripherally as at 26, a compressibly resilient filler strip of material 36, such as polyurethane foam, rubber or equivalent materials, may be inserted into the cavity 22 through the upper opening 24. Desirably, the length of the strip 36 is that of the overall length of the cavity 22. Its height, how- 7 ever, is shorter so that when inserted in the cavity there will be peripheral free space 38 above the strip up to the open upper edge 24 allowing the latter to be sealed to enclose the filler strip 36 without adversely efiecting the filler strip itself. This form of the invention with cornpressibly resilient filler strip 36 has the advantage of providing compressibility and minimizing possible breaks through the inner and outer portions 18 and 20 of the outer flange 14.

In the fitted form of the guard, as shown in FIGS. 79, the precursor member 40 is similar to member 10 in that it is horseshoe-shaped and contains an inner or lingual flange 42, a web 44, and a two-part outer flange having an outer portion 46 and an inner portion 48 separated by a cavity 50 which is open through the upper edge of the outer flange as at 52. However, since the guard will be softened and inserted over the teeth to take teeth and gum impressions 54 in the inner surface thereof, the inner flange portion 48 is thicker than the outer flange surface 46. If one wishes to take im- 3 pressions 56 of the bite surfaces of the opposite teeth as well, as described in Patent No. 3,250,272, then the web 44 should also be comparatively thick.

As in the form of the invention shown in FIGS. 1-6 and described above, the precursor member is completed by sealing the open upper end 52 of the cavity 50 as at 58. Before doing so however, to prevent collapse of the thinner outer flange portion 46 during heat sealing, the pre-cursor unit 40 is molded to contain spaced bars 60 in the cavity 50 connecting the inner and outer flange portions 46 and 48, the upper edges 62 of the spacer bars terminating below the upper open edge 52 of the cavity so that the peripheral seal 58 can be effected without interference from the bars 60. When sealed, the guard will be seen to contain chambers 64 between the spacer bars 60 and a continuous chamber 66 above the spacer bars from one sealed distal end 68 to the other 70, thus providing compressible chambers in the outer flange at the labial and buccal areas 72 and 74. The unit is softened, applied to the teeth and cooled to fix the teeth impressions therein in the manner set forth in Patent No. 3,250,272 so that the final guard ready for use will contain the aforementioned features plus the teeth indentations 54 on the inside thereof and/or the outer bite indentations 56. The chambers 64 and 66 can contain air, can be partially filled with liquid or can contain strips of compressibly resilient, i.e. foam, material.

While preferred embodiments of the invention have rendering said outer flange compressible in response to an impact thereto.

2. The combination of claim 1 wherein said chamber includes a compressibly resilient filler.

3. The combination of claim 1 wherein said mouth guard is made of a material capable of being softened sufliciently to take tooth impressions in the mouth and of fixing them upon cooling to form a fitted guard.

4. The combination of claim 3 wherein said chamber separates said outer flange into outer and inner portions, the latter portion being thicker than the former to permit formation of tooth impressions while retaining the struc- 4 tural integrity of the guard and compressible chamber therein.

5. The combination of claim 4 and spaced bars in said chamber connecting said outer and inner portions of said outer flange.

6. A method of making a mouthguard comprised of forming resilient material into a substantially U-shaped member of channel cross-section with a lingual flange, an outer flange and a web joining them, the outer flange including inner and outer portions spaced by a cavity open along and through the upper edge of the outer flange opposite the web and at its distal ends, and sealing the opening along the upper edge of the outer flange and its distal ends to close off the cavity and form a compressible chamber.

7. The method of claim 6 and the step of inserting a compressibly resilient filler in the open cavity below" the upper edge of the outer flange before sealing it.

8. The method of claim 6 and the step of forming the member so that the inner portion of the outer flange is thicker than its outer portion so that the mouthguard will be capable of taking inner teeth impressions without impairing the structural integrity of the outer flange and the compressible chamber therein.

9. The method of claim 8 and the step of providing spaced bars in the open cavity connecting the inner and outer portions of the outer flange which extend below the upper edge thereof before sealing it to prevent collapse of the outer thinner portion of the outer flange during the sealing operation.

10. A precursor unit for a mouthguard with a compressible impact-absorbing chamber comprising a substantially U-shaped resilient member of channel crosssection made of a material capable of being softened sufficient to take tooth impressions in the mouth and of fixing them upon cooling to form a fitted guard, said member including an outer flange, a lingual flange and a web joining them, said outer flange including a chamber extending from one distal end to the other thereof and opening through the upper edge of said outer flange.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,934,688 11/1933 Ackerman 325 2,702,032 2/1955 Fredland 128136 3,223,085 12/1965 Gores et a1 128136 3,250,272 5/1966 Greenberg 128-136 ADELE M. EAGER, Primary Examiner U.S. Cl. X.R. 32-19

US3505995A 1967-08-21 1967-08-21 Mouthguard with compressible chamber in outer flange Expired - Lifetime US3505995A (en)

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Cited By (79)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3955281A (en) * 1974-12-05 1976-05-11 Pacemaker Corporation Disposable dental tray for topical application of fluoride gel and other dental medications
DE2555281A1 (en) * 1975-12-09 1977-06-16 Heinz Dipl Phys Dehnert Body potential measurement electrode - has housing with series of projecting electrodes making contact with body surface
US4138814A (en) * 1976-03-08 1979-02-13 Pacemaker Corporation Disposable dental tray for topical application of fluoride gel and other dental medications
US4765324A (en) * 1986-05-08 1988-08-23 Lake Jr John R Sports mouthguard with shim
US4955393A (en) * 1988-03-30 1990-09-11 Trident Laboratories, Inc. Mouthguard with conformable arch liners
US5026278A (en) * 1990-02-23 1991-06-25 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Dental impression tray with flange
US5031638A (en) * 1990-03-13 1991-07-16 Roll-A-Puck Limited Direct-formed mouthguard, a blank for use in making the mouthguard and a method of making the mouthguard
USRE34196E (en) * 1988-08-23 1993-03-16 Dunhall Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Method and material for brightening teeth
US5339832A (en) * 1993-05-24 1994-08-23 E-Z Gard Industries, Inc. Thermoplastic mouthguard with integral shock absorbing framework
US5406963A (en) * 1989-03-27 1995-04-18 Adell; Loren S. Mouthguard
FR2752168A1 (en) * 1996-08-08 1998-02-13 Yoshida Nobutaka Protector of molar athlete and process for its manufacture
US5718575A (en) * 1993-08-09 1998-02-17 Big Picture, Inc. Adjustable, customizable performance enhancing dental appliance
US5733118A (en) * 1996-02-12 1998-03-31 Pankuch; John Dental impression tray
USD398224S (en) 1996-12-16 1998-09-15 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Floral wrapper
US5836761A (en) * 1996-08-05 1998-11-17 Big Picture, Inc. Adjustable customized dental appliance
US5855870A (en) * 1990-03-22 1999-01-05 Ultradent Products, Inc. Method for treating sensitive teeth
US5865619A (en) * 1993-08-09 1999-02-02 Big Picture, Inc. Triple composite performance enhancing dental appliance
US5879155A (en) * 1996-08-05 1999-03-09 Big Picture, Inc. Adjustable customized composite dental appliance with wire band
US5985249A (en) * 1990-03-22 1999-11-16 Ultradent Products, Inc. Sticky dental compositions for adhering a passive-type dental tray over a person's teeth
US6036943A (en) * 1990-03-22 2000-03-14 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for treating a person's teeth using sticky dental compositions in combination with passive-type dental trays
US6257239B1 (en) 2000-09-08 2001-07-10 Bite Tech, Inc. Dental appliance with anti-microbial additive
US6306370B1 (en) 1997-05-30 2001-10-23 Ultradent Products, Inc. Compositions and methods for whitening and desensitizing teeth
US6309625B1 (en) 1998-11-12 2001-10-30 Ultradent Products, Inc. One-part dental compositions and methods for bleaching and desensitizing teeth
US6371758B1 (en) 1996-08-05 2002-04-16 Bite Tech, Inc. One-piece customizable dental appliance
US6415794B1 (en) 2000-09-08 2002-07-09 Bite Tech, Inc. Composite dental appliance with wedge
US6491036B2 (en) 2001-04-06 2002-12-10 William A. Cook Low-density polyethylene dental appliance and mouthguard with nucleating agent
US6505627B2 (en) 2001-04-06 2003-01-14 Jon D. Kittelsen Composite mouthguard with palate arch and anterior palate opening
US6505628B2 (en) 2001-04-06 2003-01-14 Jon D. Kittelsen Quadruple composite performance enhancing mouthguard
US6505626B2 (en) 2001-04-06 2003-01-14 Jon D. Kittelsen Composite mouthguard with nonsoftenable framework and disconnected anterior impact braces
US6508251B2 (en) 2001-04-06 2003-01-21 Jon D. Kittelsen Composite mouthguard with palate arch with nonsoftening framework having at least one bridge
US6510853B1 (en) 2001-04-06 2003-01-28 Jon D. Kittelsen Encapsulated quintuple composite mouthguard
US6539943B1 (en) 2000-09-08 2003-04-01 Bite Tech, Inc. Encapsulated composite dental appliance
US20030075184A1 (en) * 2001-10-19 2003-04-24 Persichetti Stephen J. Disposable mouthguard
US6553996B2 (en) 2000-09-08 2003-04-29 Jon D. Kittelsen Dental appliance with antimicrobial additive
US20030101999A1 (en) * 2001-04-06 2003-06-05 Kittelsen Jon D. Composite mouthguard with nonsoftening framework
US6581604B2 (en) 2001-04-06 2003-06-24 Bite Tech, Inc. Low-density polyethylene dental appliance and mouthguard
US6588430B2 (en) 2001-04-06 2003-07-08 Bite Tech, Inc. Composite performance enhancing mouthguard with embedded wedge
US6598605B1 (en) 2000-09-08 2003-07-29 Bite Tech, Inc. Non-softenable, impressionable framework for dental appliances
US6626180B1 (en) 2000-09-08 2003-09-30 Bite Tech, Inc. Quadruple composite performance enhancing dental appliance
US20030205234A1 (en) * 2002-05-06 2003-11-06 Laura Bardach Therapeutic and protective dental device useful as an intra-oral delivery system
US6675806B2 (en) 2001-04-06 2004-01-13 Bite Tech, Inc. Composite mouthguard with elastomeric traction pads and disconnected anterior impact braces
US6691710B2 (en) 2001-04-06 2004-02-17 Bite Tech, Inc. Composite mouthguard
US20040094165A1 (en) * 2002-11-14 2004-05-20 Cook William A. Polyethylene dental appliance and mouthguard with tactifier resin
US6830051B1 (en) 2003-04-29 2004-12-14 Dental Concepts Llc Interocclusal appliance
US20040250817A1 (en) * 2000-09-08 2004-12-16 Kittelsen Jon D. Composite performance enhancing tethered mouthguard
DE10322091A1 (en) * 2003-05-15 2004-12-16 Orkan Saim Teeth protector for use by athletes competing in wrestling and other combat sports, has bore holes that are filled with compressible medium for improving retainment of moisture
US20040250818A1 (en) * 2003-06-12 2004-12-16 Cook William A. Mouthguard fitting tool
US20060223033A1 (en) * 2004-02-19 2006-10-05 Ultradent Products, Inc. Universal non-custom dental tray having anatomical features to enhance fit
US20070048347A1 (en) * 2005-08-26 2007-03-01 Laura Bardach Intra-oral device for treating obesity
US20070084471A1 (en) * 2005-10-14 2007-04-19 Salvatore Napoli Shock absorbing dental device
US7210483B1 (en) 2003-07-25 2007-05-01 Medtech Products, Inc. Sporting prophylaxis
US20080044797A1 (en) * 2006-08-15 2008-02-21 Laura Bardach Inserts for use with oral appliances
US20080050693A1 (en) * 2006-08-25 2008-02-28 Ultradent Products, Inc. Non-custom dental treatment trays and mouth guards having improved anatomical features
US7775214B1 (en) 2007-04-27 2010-08-17 Medtech Products, Inc. Sporting prophylaxis
US20100252053A1 (en) * 2000-09-08 2010-10-07 Dena Petty Garner Methods and apparatus for reduction of lactate
US20100269836A1 (en) * 2000-09-08 2010-10-28 Mark Roettger Composite oral appliances and methods for manufacture
US20110005527A1 (en) * 2007-02-21 2011-01-13 Ortho-Pro-Teknica Limited Orthodontic appliances
US20110017221A1 (en) * 2000-09-08 2011-01-27 Dena Petty Garner Methods and Apparatus for Reduction of Cortisol
US8104324B2 (en) 2010-03-02 2012-01-31 Bio-Applications, LLC Intra-extra oral shock-sensing and indicating systems and other shock-sensing and indicating systems
US20120090625A1 (en) * 2010-10-19 2012-04-19 C&E Sports, L.L.C. Mouth guard
USD663486S1 (en) 2010-06-02 2012-07-10 Shock Doctor, Inc. Custom mouthguard
USD663485S1 (en) 2010-06-02 2012-07-10 Shock Doctor, Inc. Custom mouthguard
US8453650B1 (en) 2012-07-03 2013-06-04 Mdm Mouthpiece
US20130157224A1 (en) * 2011-12-20 2013-06-20 Michele Cios Enhancement to dental alignment device
US20130199545A1 (en) * 2010-06-25 2013-08-08 Peter John Burns Mouth Guard
USD688832S1 (en) 2011-05-17 2013-08-27 Shock Doctor, Inc. Mouthguard
US8607798B2 (en) 2010-06-02 2013-12-17 Shock Doctor, Inc. Custom mouthguard
US8689796B2 (en) 2010-05-17 2014-04-08 Shock Doctor, Inc. Mouthguard with linear storage configuration
US8739599B2 (en) 2010-03-02 2014-06-03 Bio-Applications, LLC Intra-extra oral shock-sensing and indicating systems and other shock-sensing and indicating systems
WO2014134198A1 (en) * 2013-02-26 2014-09-04 Shock Doctor, Inc. Therapeutic mouthguard system
US8936778B2 (en) 1998-11-12 2015-01-20 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for bleaching and desensitizing teeth
USD743108S1 (en) * 2014-04-11 2015-11-10 New Age Performance Inc. Mouth guard
USD752295S1 (en) * 2014-04-25 2016-03-22 Opro International Limited Mouthguard
US9345276B2 (en) 2013-03-13 2016-05-24 Shock Doctor, Inc. Clothing article with protective cup
USD765919S1 (en) * 2015-07-24 2016-09-06 Theodore P Croll Mouth guard
USD771876S1 (en) * 2015-07-27 2016-11-15 James T. Hazard Mouthpiece
USD792028S1 (en) * 2015-12-03 2017-07-11 Design Blue Limited Mouthguard
USD795501S1 (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-08-22 Jbl Radical Innovations, Llc Mouthpiece
US9949809B2 (en) 2007-08-31 2018-04-24 Ultradent Products, Inc. Dental treatment devices comprising silicone-like elastomeric material

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Cited By (113)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3955281A (en) * 1974-12-05 1976-05-11 Pacemaker Corporation Disposable dental tray for topical application of fluoride gel and other dental medications
US4064628A (en) * 1974-12-05 1977-12-27 Pacemaker Corporation Disposable dental tray for topical application of fluoride gel and other dental medications
DE2555281A1 (en) * 1975-12-09 1977-06-16 Heinz Dipl Phys Dehnert Body potential measurement electrode - has housing with series of projecting electrodes making contact with body surface
US4138814A (en) * 1976-03-08 1979-02-13 Pacemaker Corporation Disposable dental tray for topical application of fluoride gel and other dental medications
US4765324A (en) * 1986-05-08 1988-08-23 Lake Jr John R Sports mouthguard with shim
US4955393A (en) * 1988-03-30 1990-09-11 Trident Laboratories, Inc. Mouthguard with conformable arch liners
USRE34196E (en) * 1988-08-23 1993-03-16 Dunhall Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Method and material for brightening teeth
US5406963A (en) * 1989-03-27 1995-04-18 Adell; Loren S. Mouthguard
US5026278A (en) * 1990-02-23 1991-06-25 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Dental impression tray with flange
US5031638A (en) * 1990-03-13 1991-07-16 Roll-A-Puck Limited Direct-formed mouthguard, a blank for use in making the mouthguard and a method of making the mouthguard
US5985249A (en) * 1990-03-22 1999-11-16 Ultradent Products, Inc. Sticky dental compositions for adhering a passive-type dental tray over a person's teeth
US6086855A (en) * 1990-03-22 2000-07-11 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for making scalloped dental trays for use in treating teeth with sticky dental compositions
US5855870A (en) * 1990-03-22 1999-01-05 Ultradent Products, Inc. Method for treating sensitive teeth
US6036943A (en) * 1990-03-22 2000-03-14 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for treating a person's teeth using sticky dental compositions in combination with passive-type dental trays
WO1994027691A1 (en) * 1993-05-24 1994-12-08 E-Z Gard Industries, Inc. Composite mouthguard
US5339832A (en) * 1993-05-24 1994-08-23 E-Z Gard Industries, Inc. Thermoplastic mouthguard with integral shock absorbing framework
US5718575A (en) * 1993-08-09 1998-02-17 Big Picture, Inc. Adjustable, customizable performance enhancing dental appliance
US5865619A (en) * 1993-08-09 1999-02-02 Big Picture, Inc. Triple composite performance enhancing dental appliance
US6012919A (en) * 1993-08-09 2000-01-11 Cross, Iii; Henry D. Triple composite performance enhancing dental appliance
US5733118A (en) * 1996-02-12 1998-03-31 Pankuch; John Dental impression tray
US6371758B1 (en) 1996-08-05 2002-04-16 Bite Tech, Inc. One-piece customizable dental appliance
US5879155A (en) * 1996-08-05 1999-03-09 Big Picture, Inc. Adjustable customized composite dental appliance with wire band
US5836761A (en) * 1996-08-05 1998-11-17 Big Picture, Inc. Adjustable customized dental appliance
US6200133B1 (en) 1996-08-05 2001-03-13 Big Picture, Inc. Adjustable customizable dental appliance with triple composite structure
FR2752168A1 (en) * 1996-08-08 1998-02-13 Yoshida Nobutaka Protector of molar athlete and process for its manufacture
USD398224S (en) 1996-12-16 1998-09-15 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Floral wrapper
US6306370B1 (en) 1997-05-30 2001-10-23 Ultradent Products, Inc. Compositions and methods for whitening and desensitizing teeth
US8936778B2 (en) 1998-11-12 2015-01-20 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for bleaching and desensitizing teeth
US6368576B1 (en) 1998-11-12 2002-04-09 Ultradent Products, Inc. Methods for bleaching, opacifying and desensitizing teeth
US6309625B1 (en) 1998-11-12 2001-10-30 Ultradent Products, Inc. One-part dental compositions and methods for bleaching and desensitizing teeth
US20100269836A1 (en) * 2000-09-08 2010-10-28 Mark Roettger Composite oral appliances and methods for manufacture
US20100252053A1 (en) * 2000-09-08 2010-10-07 Dena Petty Garner Methods and apparatus for reduction of lactate
US20110017221A1 (en) * 2000-09-08 2011-01-27 Dena Petty Garner Methods and Apparatus for Reduction of Cortisol
US8074658B2 (en) 2000-09-08 2011-12-13 Bite Tech, Inc. Composite performance enhancing tethered mouthguard
US20040250817A1 (en) * 2000-09-08 2004-12-16 Kittelsen Jon D. Composite performance enhancing tethered mouthguard
US6415794B1 (en) 2000-09-08 2002-07-09 Bite Tech, Inc. Composite dental appliance with wedge
US6626180B1 (en) 2000-09-08 2003-09-30 Bite Tech, Inc. Quadruple composite performance enhancing dental appliance
US6539943B1 (en) 2000-09-08 2003-04-01 Bite Tech, Inc. Encapsulated composite dental appliance
US9668827B2 (en) 2000-09-08 2017-06-06 Bite Tech, Inc. Composite oral appliances and methods for manufacture
US6553996B2 (en) 2000-09-08 2003-04-29 Jon D. Kittelsen Dental appliance with antimicrobial additive
US6257239B1 (en) 2000-09-08 2001-07-10 Bite Tech, Inc. Dental appliance with anti-microbial additive
US6598605B1 (en) 2000-09-08 2003-07-29 Bite Tech, Inc. Non-softenable, impressionable framework for dental appliances
US8567408B2 (en) 2000-09-08 2013-10-29 Bite Tech, Inc. Composite oral appliances and methods for manufacture
US6581604B2 (en) 2001-04-06 2003-06-24 Bite Tech, Inc. Low-density polyethylene dental appliance and mouthguard
US6510853B1 (en) 2001-04-06 2003-01-28 Jon D. Kittelsen Encapsulated quintuple composite mouthguard
US6508251B2 (en) 2001-04-06 2003-01-21 Jon D. Kittelsen Composite mouthguard with palate arch with nonsoftening framework having at least one bridge
US6505626B2 (en) 2001-04-06 2003-01-14 Jon D. Kittelsen Composite mouthguard with nonsoftenable framework and disconnected anterior impact braces
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