US349882A - Road-cart - Google Patents

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US349882A US349882DA US349882A US 349882 A US349882 A US 349882A US 349882D A US349882D A US 349882DA US 349882 A US349882 A US 349882A
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    • B60G9/00Resilient suspensions of a rigid axle or axle housing for two or more wheels
    • B60G9/02Resilient suspensions of a rigid axle or axle housing for two or more wheels the axle or housing being pivotally mounted on the vehicle, e.g. the pivotal axis being parallel to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle


(No Model.) 2 SheetsSh eet 1.
ROAD CART. No. 349,882. Patented Sept. 28, 1886.
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2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
(No Model.)
No. 349,882. Patented Sept. 28, 1886.
l Qlii'mz ooeo shown.
SPECIFICATION forming par. of Letters Patent No. 349,882, dated September 28, 1886. Application filed August 4, 1886. Serial No. 210,034. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, XVILLIAM B. GETTY, a citizen of theUnited States, residing at Hicksville, in the county of Defiance and State of Ohio, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Road-Carts, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to improvements in road-carts; and it consists of the peculiar combination and novel construction and arrangement of the various parts for service, substantially as hereinafter fully set forth, and particularly pointed out in the claims.
The object of my invention is to provide a road-cart with an improved seat-frame which shall be so suspended and arranged that the objectionable motion given to the thills or shafts by the draft-animal in this class of vehicles, and which is known as the horse motion, shall be effectually overcome,whereby a comfortable and easy motion will be given to the occupant of the vehicle.
A further object of my invention is to provide an improved scat-frame and suspending devices therefor, which shall be very simple and strong in construction, not liable to get out of order or disarranged, and cheap and inexpensive of manufacture.
In the accompanying drawings, which illustrate a road-cart embodying my invention, Figure lis a side elevation with the carryingwheels removed. Fig. 2 is a top plan view corresponding to Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a rear elevation. Fig. 4 is a detached perspective view of the seat-frame, and Fig. 5 is a like view of the rear spring and the suspending devices for the seat-frame. Fig. 6 is a longitudinal vertical sectional view on the line 90 x of Fig. 2.
Referring to the drawings, in which like letters of reference denote corresponding parts in all the figures, A designates the axle of my improved road-cart, which is preferably bent upwardly at its middle so that the middle portion thereof is out of line with the ends, and B the shafts or thills,which extend rearwardly to the axle, and are rigidly connected thereto by means of the clips b,which embrace the axle and the rear ends of the thills, as clearly The thills are curved downwardly at their rear ends, as at b, and the thills are thus elevated at their front ends into a higher position than at their rear ends,so that thelower portion of the seat-suspending frame 0 is located beneath the plane of the front or higher ends of the thills,which are connected and braced by a cross-bar, B, to which is pivotally connected the single-tree 13*, as is usual in this class of devices.
The seat carrying or suspending frame 0 preferably consists of the side rails or bars, 0, which areinclined or arranged diagonally with relation to each other and bent upwardly at their front ends in curved lines, as at c, the upright or vertical standards 0 and the transverse rails or bars 0 which connect the side rails, O, at or near the rear ends thereof, so as to provide a platform or support for the feet of the driver or occupant of the vehicle. These rails or bars 0, that form the support or platform for the feet, are secured to the side rails, O, in any suitable or preferred manner for strength and stability, and the front or foremost of the said rails is curved longitudinally, so as to assume substantially the form ofa bow or segment, the ends thereof being rigidly affixed to the seat carrying or supporting frame, as described, while at its middle the said segmental bar or rail is provided with a slot or mortise, c, in which the rail or bar immediately in rear thereof is fitted to strengthen the platform or support. This platform or support is provided with two stirrups or stops, D, which are each bent from a single piece of metal to form an open loop, and is affixed to the segmental-shaped rail or bar of the platform and the side rails, 0, one of the loopshaped stirrups being arranged on each side of the platform or support of the seat-carrying frame 0.
- The vertically-disposed standards 0 of the seat-carrying frame 0 are arranged at the rear ends of the latter and in a slightly-inclined position, the said standards being preferably formed in a single piecewith the side rails, G, of the frame 0, and at its upper end each of the standards is provided with a horizontal arm or bar, 6, which extends or projects rearwardly from the standard, and to which the seat E is rigidly affixed in any suitable or preferred manner, the seat being of any approved pattern. The said rails G of the seatcarrying frame and the vertical standards or ICO uprights thereof are braced and strengthened by means of diagonal rods or bars F, the rear ends of which are rigidly affixed to the standards, and the front ends thereof are likewise secured to the bent or curved ends 0 of the said rails, the said front ends of the rods or bars being bent or inclined upwardly to form 1 the angular arms f, which are provided at their free ends with spaced lugs f, which are dis posed in vertical lines at the extreme free ends of the side rails, O, of the seat carrying or supporting frame, the function ,of these spaced standards, and to the free ends of theextended i arms 9 of the brace-irons are pivotally con-.
nected the lower ends of vertically-disposed links or shackles H by means of a suitable pivot pin or bolt. The upper ends of these shackles or links are pivotally connected to:
the free ends of a spring-support,I, which is disposed in a vertical position immediately beneath the seat, and thereby partially protected and concealed from view. The ends of this support I are curved or bent upwardly f and then downwardly, so as to assume the,
shape of hooks, to the free ends of which the shackles are pivotally connected, ashereinbefore described; but this shape or form of the ends of the support can be varied without departing from the principle of myinvention.
The support I is rigidly affixedinany suitable manner, and at its middle to a block, J which in turn is securedto a spring, K, which is arranged transversely across the vehicle and ex-.
tends from one shaft to the other thereof. This spring K is arranged in close proximity to the axle, and it lies on a plane beneath the axle, said spring being arranged in front of theaxle; and in rear of the seat carrying or supporting frame 0. The ends of this spring K are bent or curved over upon themselves, as at k, and;
the free bent ends of the spring are pivotally connected to the thills at the rear ends thereof by means of a pin or bolt which passes: through aligned openings in vertical lugs at. the rear of the thills, although this form of;
pivot-connection of the spring with the thills can be varied. This spring K serves as the;
support for the rear end of the seat and its carrying-frame, and the front end of thesaid;
frame is suspendedbeneath the thills and out of contact therewith by means of curved springs. L, which are rigidily secured to the thills at: one end,and pivotally connected at their other; ends with the vertical lugs f at'the front, of the side rails,0, of the said seat'frame. The
springs L are each formed of a single piece of; elastic or resilient metal, and they are ar-'.
partially. The seat-carrying frame 0 is thus suspended beneath the axle and the thills and entirely out of contact with the said parts by resilient and yielding supporting devices; whereby the objectionable jogging motion that is imparted to the thills and the axle, and which is known to the art by the name of horsemotionj is entirely overcome, the seat being given an easy and agreeable motion, which is much sought after in this class of devices. The seat-carrying frame is sus-' pended beneath the thills, so that the seat, which occupies an elevated position on the frame, is substantially on the same line or plane as the front elevated portion of the thills, whichtis sufficient to permit the driver to see his wayin driving'and guiding the anil- V a The rearcurved ends of the thills are braced and strengthened by means of rods or bars M,
which are rigidly affixed at their front ends to the elevated or higher portions of the thills, and the rear ends are securedto the lower portion of the thills at or near the pointof connection of the thills with the axle.
N designates a hanger,which depends from the axle at one side thereof, and to the lower ends of the hanger is secured a step, a, by means of which the occupant of the vehicle can very readily alight or enter the vehicle.
The seat-carrying frame is very light, simple, and strong in construction, and the con- Slight changes in the form and proportion of parts can be made without departing from the spirit or sacrificing theadvantagesof my invention.
Having thus fully described my invention,
Letters Patent, is I 1. In a road-cart, the combination of an axle, thethills connected to the axle, asuspended frame arranged between the thills and axle and beneath the plane thereof and carrying an elevated seat, the front springs affixed to the thills andpivotally connected to the front part of the suspended frame, a transverse rear spring arranged in front of the axle and connected at its ends with the rear ends of the thills,-a spring-support secured to the middleof the spring, andthe vertical shackles pivotally connected to the suspended frame and the free ends of the spring-supportysubforth.
2. In aroad-cart, the combination of an axle, the thills connected to the axle, a sus what I claim as new, and desire to secure by it 13c stantially as described, for the purposeset pended frame arranged between the thills and axle and beneath the plane thereof and carrying an elevated seat, the curved front springs affixed rigidly to the thills at one end and pivotally connected to the front end of the suspended frame, a transverse spring arranged in front of the axle and having its extremities bent around the rear ends of the thills and pivotally connected thereto, a spring-support secured to the middle of the transverse spring, and the vertically-disposed shackles pivotally connected to the suspended frame and the free ends of the spring-support, substantially as described, for the purpose set forth.
3. The combination, in a road-cart, of the thills, an axle, a frame carrying a seat, the front springs connecting the frame with the thills, the rear transverse spring, the block secured to the transverse spring at its middle, the spring-support affixed to the block and having the curved ends, the brace-irons affixed to the seat-frame, and the pivoted vertical shackles intermediate of the free ends of the spring-support and the brace-irons, substantially as described.
4. In a road-cart, the combination of an axle, the thills connected with the axle, a
' frame carrying a seat and comprising the side rails, the platform-bars connecting the side which one edge of one of the transverse bars is fitted, and the vertically-disposed standards affixed to the rear ends of the side bars and carrying a seat at their upper ends, and the front and rear springs arranged, as described, for suspending the frame from the aXle and thills and out of contact therewith, substantially as described, for the purpose set forth.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto affixed my signature in presence of two witnesses.
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