US3497067A - Distribution means - Google Patents

Distribution means Download PDF

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US3497067A
US3497067A US3497067DA US3497067A US 3497067 A US3497067 A US 3497067A US 3497067D A US3497067D A US 3497067DA US 3497067 A US3497067 A US 3497067A
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distribution
box
invention
flow
pipe
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James E Tyson
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James E Tyson
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/006Water distributors either inside a treatment tank or directing the water to several treatment tanks; Water treatment plants incorporating these distributors, with or without chemical or biological tanks

Description

Feb. 24,1970 J. E. TYSON DISTRIBUTION MEANS Filed May 19, 1967 INVENTOR. JAMES 1 7 V50 BY %6 y M m A7TORNE X United States Patent 3,497,067 DISTRIBUTION MEANS James E. Tyson, 21 Burton Ave, Raleigh, N.C. 2.7606 Filed May 19, 1967, Ser. No. 639,765 Int. Cl. C021: 1/02 U.S. Cl. 210-259 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE In abstract, a preferred embodiment of this invention is a distribution box or joint used in conjunction with septic tank absorption-field systems. This invention relates to sanitation systems and more particularly to means for accurately controlling the distribution of septic tank efiluent in absorption-field systems.

In the past, the absorption-field or subsurface tile structure of septic tank sanitation systems has consisted of a field of twelve-inch links of four-inch architectural drain tile, two to three-foot links of vitrified-clay sewer pipe, or perforated nonmetallic pipe laid in such a manner that the flow from the septic tank is distributed with reasonable uniformity to the soil. It is presently considered essential to have a distribution box in every absorptionfield system. The purpose of this box is to insure equal distribution of the effiuent from the septic tank to the various lateral lines. This box is necessary to prevent overloading and thus failure of one of the lines while the other or others are left empty. Pipe fittings, Ts and Ys have been proposed to replace the distribution box but it is considered by experts in the field to be a rare event, if not a virtual impossibility, to obtain even distribution through their use. Even with the use of a box, which is located between the septic tank and the absorption system, a highly skilled sanitation system engineer must generally be hired to assure that for all practical purposes the installation is perfectly leveled to prevent a failure as hereinabove outlined.

After much study and research into the above mentioned problems and possible solutions therefore, applicant has developed an improved distribution means which will allow variations in the attitude of installation while at the same time preventing the possibility of overloading and failure of one of the lines while leaving the other empty. Applicant has also adapted his invention to give the same advantages found in his distribution box to pipe fittings, Ts and Ws which are used to replace such distribution boxes.

It is, therefore, an object of the present invention to provide an improved distribution means for the effluent from a septic tank which assures that each line going to the absorption-field system carries its proportional share but no more than its proportional share of such efiluent.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a means in a distribution type box used in a sewage sanitation system to assure that near equal distribution of septic tank effluent will be made regardless of possible uneven installation of such box.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a pipe joint incorporating means for accurately dividing the flow of fluid passing therethrough into two or more paths regardless of the level condition of such joint.

A further object of the present invention is to provide an improved distribution means for a septic tank sewage disposal system capable of assuring equal distribution of effluent into each of two or more absorption-field distribution lines.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a 3,497,067 Patented Feb. 24, 1970 bevel type flow divider to laterally separate the flow of septic tank efiluent into two or more distinct paths of flow.

Other objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent and obvious from a study of the following description and the accompanying drawings which are merely illustrative of the present invention.

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a cut away perspective showing a distribution box incorporating the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a perspective of a distribution pipe joint incorporating an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a rear elevational view of a distribution box incorporating the present invention;

FIG. 4 is a side elevational view of the same;

FIG. 5 is a section taken through lines 55 of FIG. 4; and

FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a typical septic tank and distribution box installation including an efiluent absorption field.

With further reference to the drawings, FIG. 1 discloses a distribution box indicated generally at 10 composed of end walls 11, front wall 12, rear wall 13, bottom 14 and top 15. Removably mounted within the top portion 15 is a clean out plug 16.

A hollow inlet line or pipe 17 communitively connects the septic tank 22 to the distribution box 10 through the upper portion of rear wall 13.

Outlet or distribution lines 18 leading to the absorption field indicated generally at 23 are provided in the center portion of each of the end walls 11. A flow divider or partition 19 is provided in the lower portion of distribution box It) and is sealingly secured to rear wall 13, bottom 14 and front wall 12. An upwardly projecting knife edged 20 extends along the upper portion of the divider 19 from front wall 12 to the throat area 21 of inlet line 17 particularly as disclosed in FIGS. 1 and 4.

As clearly shown in FIG. 4, there is a downward sweep of the knife edge at the throat which gradually levels into being horizontally disposed adjacent the front wall 12. The purpose of this angled entrance gradually leveling knife edge shape is to prevent any solid matter contained in the septic tank effluent from accumulating and beginning to build up in the throat area 21. Instead it will tend to slide down the knife edge away from such area due to the flow of liquid efiluent which also tends to separate the solid matter and cause it to fall on either side of divider 19 into the trap pockets formed between the walls of box 10 and divider.

FIG. 2 discloses an embodiment of the present invention using a modified T-joint including an inlet line 17' with distribution lines 18 fixedly secured to the lower end portion thereof. A clean out plug 16' may be provided in the end of inlet line 17 or the end of this line may be ermanently sealed. A flow divider 19' is provided in the lower portion of distribution lines 18' and has the same entrance angle at the throat area 21' which tapers into a horizontally disposed area at its end opposite such throat area. The purpose of this angle area is the same as hereinabove described for the flow divider 19 and knife edge 20 of distribution box 10. It is to be understood, of course, that fiow divider 19 contains a sharp upper edge similar to knife edge 20 found on flow divider 19.

In actual use of the flow divider of the present invention, sewage from household or industrial sources passes into the septic tank which retains a substantial amount of the solid material therein while discharging a clarified eflluent into distribution box inlet line 17. This treated eflluent as it first comes in contact with the upper edge of knife portion 20 in the throat area 21 of pipe 17 will be divided into two separate flow paths thereby making possible the advantages hereinafter set forth.

Since a septic tank is not completely efficient, some solids are contained in the effiuent discharge therefrom. To prevent build-ups of this solid material on partition 19, which could eventually completely clog inlet 17, a relatively sharp knife edge upper portion 20 is provided in throat area 21. As the solid material comes in contact with this knife edge, it will not permanently lodge in the throat but by its own weight, with the help of the liquid effluent, slide down the inclined surface of partition 19 where a combination of the liquid effluent acting thereon in an eroding action and the natural cutting action of knife edge 20, it will separate and fall into the two traps or settling areas on either side of said partition.

Ordinarily once the sanitation system has been put into operation for a period long enough that the trap area has become filled with liquid efiluent, the addition of any further efiluent will cause a flow thereof through distribution lines 18 into the absorption-field 23 of the system where such effluent will become absorbed into the soil. Should the distribution box 10 settle on one end or should it have been installed with one of the distribution lines 18 higher than the other, a complete failure of the system would rapidly occur due to all of the septic tank efiluent passing into one of the lines to the exclusion of the other due to the natural phenomena of a liquid seeking its lowest level. A distribution box, on the other hand, constructed according to the teaching of applicants invention would still divide the flow of effluent into each of the distribution lines even though the box 10 was not in a level position. This is due to the fact that partition 19, including interval knife edge portion 20, separates the liquid inlet flow of efiluent into separate chambers for each of the distribution lines. Once the build-up within any one of these chambers is sufficient, the effluent therein will flow independent of flow from the other chambers. In other words, the fiow of effluent from each of the partition areas is completely independent of other chamber or chambers formed by said partition. The only manner of installing a distribution box of the type disclosed so that efliuent will be concentrated in only one pipe is to have such distribution box installed at such a large angle from horizontal that the bottom portion of one of the pipes is higher than the apex of edge 20. This is extremely unlikely since even the most unskilled laborer can readily recognize leveling errors of this magnitude.

The use of a sharpened partition within a pipe joint to eliminate the necessity of a distribution box is obviously shown in FIG. 2 which discloses one possible pipe construction incorporating applicants invention. This distribution joint assures even efiluent flow in each of the distribution lines 18' in the same manner as hereinabove described for flow from distribution box 10.

Although only one form of pipe distribution joint is disclosed in the drawings, it is obvious that Y-joints, modified T-joints and the like could as readily be used to practice applicants invention. Also it is within the contemplation of the present invention that two or more partitions of the general shape of partitions 19 and 19' could be placed in a distribution box or joint so long as each terminated in the throat area of the inlet pipe thereby allowing three or more distribution lines 18 to be used. Further, it is obvious that several distribution lines similar to those shown could be extended from each side of partition 19 so long as the lower portion of all of the lines on any given chamber are for all practical purposes on the same elevation.

To comply with Health Department regulations and to eliminate the necessity of removing the entire distribution box or joint for cleaning, a removable clean out plug 16 or 16' may be provided at a convenient location.

It is obvious that the present invention has the advantages of guaranteeing more accurate and complete distribution of septic tank eflluent material while at the same time eliminating the necessity of using expensive leveling equipment and experienced personnel while installing dis tribution means for such efiluent. Applicants invention also has the advantage of allowing the use of Ys, Ts and similar types of distribution joints in septic tank distribution systems which had heretofore been considered so unreliable as to be useless. The use of these improved joints in turn also will allow distribution means for septic tank effiuent distribution systems to be much more cheaply manufactured and less expensively installed.

The present invention may, of course, be carried out in other specific ways than those herein set forth without departing from the spirit and essential characteristics of the invention. The present embodiments are, therefore, to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive and all changes coming within the meaning and equivalency range of the appended claims are intended to be embraced therein.

What is claimed is:

1. A sewage treatment system comprising a septic tank, a distribution box communicatively connected to said tank by a distribution box inlet line; a sewage absorption field; at least two outlet lines communitively connecting said box to said sewage absorption field, the lower portion of each of said outlet lines where leaving said box being lower than the lowest point of said inlet line where such line enters said box; at least one generally liquid impervious partition extending across and separating the lower interior of said box, one end of said partition being disposed at a point adjacent the lowest point of said inlet line and the upper elevation of said partition being greater than the lower portion of the outlet lines whereby the flow of liquid efiluent from said tank will be divided to assure a flow into each of said lower disposed outlet lines.

2. The invention of claim 1 wherein the partition is generally vertically disposed with its upper portion tapering inwardly to form a generally knife shaped upper edge.

3. The invention of claim 2 wherein said partition slopes downwardly from said point adjacent said inlet 40 line to an area no lower than above the lower portion of said outlet lines.

4. A sewage treatment system comprising: a distribution means for dividing treated sewage efiluent into two or more paths including an inlet pipe; an outlet pipe hav- 45 ing at least two outlet ends; said inlet pipe communitively connected to said outlet pipe intermediate its ends in such a manner that the bottom of said inlet pipe is at a substantially higher elevation than the bottom of said outlet r pipe; and a generally vertically disposed partition means 0 extending from a point adjacent the bottom of said inlet pipe across the lower portion of said outlet pipe whereby said partition will divide the flow of the effluent from the inlet pipe into at least two paths which are adapted to flow from each of said outlet ends.

5. The invention of claim 4 wherein the partition includes a knife shaped upper edge for dividing solid material contained in said effluent.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 377,681 2/1888 Le Marquand 137236 1,344,370 6/1920 Allen 210 519x 1,629,500 5/1927 Good 26123.1 1,795,123 3/1931 Harris.

2,460,834 2/1949 Logue 210 519x 2,921,681 1/1960 Toulmin 210-532X REUBEN FRIEDMAN, Primary Examiner JOHN w. ADEE, Assistant Examiner US. Cl. X.R.

US3497067A 1967-05-19 1967-05-19 Distribution means Expired - Lifetime US3497067A (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4605501A (en) * 1985-07-12 1986-08-12 Tyson James E Flow divider for distribution systems
US5098568A (en) * 1989-11-13 1992-03-24 Tyson James E Septic tank system with controllable distribution means
US5107892A (en) * 1989-10-23 1992-04-28 Plachy Richard F Weir construction for liquid distributors
US5680989A (en) * 1995-08-14 1997-10-28 Norman F. Gavin Adjustable weir for liquid distribution systems
US6112766A (en) * 1998-09-24 2000-09-05 Zoeller Co. Low flow wastewater and effluent distribution system
US6152650A (en) * 1998-09-25 2000-11-28 Zoeller Company Wastewater and effluent distribution system
US20040134542A1 (en) * 2003-01-14 2004-07-15 Tsigonis Robert C. System and method for distributing liquid flow into predetermined proportions
US20050257845A1 (en) * 2004-05-24 2005-11-24 Kenneth Burrows Even-flow septic tee arrangement
US20100000917A1 (en) * 2008-07-01 2010-01-07 Neal Zook Sewage effluent distribution means
US20140158231A1 (en) * 2012-12-09 2014-06-12 Christ Spoorenberg Effluent Flow Splitter

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US377681A (en) * 1888-02-07 le mirquand
US1344370A (en) * 1919-04-03 1920-06-22 Allen Charles Automatic density-indicator for slime-pulp separators
US1629500A (en) * 1918-03-16 1927-05-24 Good Inventions Co Engine fuel system
US1795123A (en) * 1929-04-12 1931-03-03 John F Harris Selectively-controlled distributing box for sewage-disposal systems
US2460834A (en) * 1937-01-26 1949-02-08 Mining Process & Patent Co Settling method and apparatus
US2921681A (en) * 1957-09-26 1960-01-19 Ohio Commw Eng Co Sterilizer for septic tank effluents

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US377681A (en) * 1888-02-07 le mirquand
US1629500A (en) * 1918-03-16 1927-05-24 Good Inventions Co Engine fuel system
US1344370A (en) * 1919-04-03 1920-06-22 Allen Charles Automatic density-indicator for slime-pulp separators
US1795123A (en) * 1929-04-12 1931-03-03 John F Harris Selectively-controlled distributing box for sewage-disposal systems
US2460834A (en) * 1937-01-26 1949-02-08 Mining Process & Patent Co Settling method and apparatus
US2921681A (en) * 1957-09-26 1960-01-19 Ohio Commw Eng Co Sterilizer for septic tank effluents

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4605501A (en) * 1985-07-12 1986-08-12 Tyson James E Flow divider for distribution systems
US5107892A (en) * 1989-10-23 1992-04-28 Plachy Richard F Weir construction for liquid distributors
US5098568A (en) * 1989-11-13 1992-03-24 Tyson James E Septic tank system with controllable distribution means
US5680989A (en) * 1995-08-14 1997-10-28 Norman F. Gavin Adjustable weir for liquid distribution systems
US6112766A (en) * 1998-09-24 2000-09-05 Zoeller Co. Low flow wastewater and effluent distribution system
US6152650A (en) * 1998-09-25 2000-11-28 Zoeller Company Wastewater and effluent distribution system
US6997203B2 (en) 2003-01-14 2006-02-14 Tsigonis Robert C System and method for distributing liquid flow into predetermined proportions
US20040134542A1 (en) * 2003-01-14 2004-07-15 Tsigonis Robert C. System and method for distributing liquid flow into predetermined proportions
US20050257845A1 (en) * 2004-05-24 2005-11-24 Kenneth Burrows Even-flow septic tee arrangement
US7021336B2 (en) * 2004-05-24 2006-04-04 Kenneth Burrows Even-flow septic tee arrangement
US20100000917A1 (en) * 2008-07-01 2010-01-07 Neal Zook Sewage effluent distribution means
US8137541B2 (en) * 2008-07-01 2012-03-20 Neal Zook Sewage effluent distribution means
US20140158231A1 (en) * 2012-12-09 2014-06-12 Christ Spoorenberg Effluent Flow Splitter
US9022066B2 (en) * 2012-12-09 2015-05-05 Christ Spoorenberg Effluent flow splitter

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