US3485428A - Method and apparatus for pneumatically depositing a web - Google Patents

Method and apparatus for pneumatically depositing a web Download PDF

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Publication number
US3485428A
US3485428A US3485428DA US3485428A US 3485428 A US3485428 A US 3485428A US 3485428D A US3485428D A US 3485428DA US 3485428 A US3485428 A US 3485428A
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strand
traversing
fluid
means
chamber
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Robert C Jackson
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JAMES RIVER-NORWALK Inc A CORP OF DELAWARE
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Monsanto Co
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04HMAKING TEXTILE FABRICS, e.g. FROM FIBRES OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL; FABRICS MADE BY SUCH PROCESSES OR APPARATUS, e.g. FELTS, NON-WOVEN FABRICS; COTTON-WOOL; WADDING NON-WOVEN FABRICS FROM STAPLE FIBRES, FILAMENTS OR YARNS, BONDED WITH AT LEAST ONE WEB-LIKE MATERIAL DURING THEIR CONSOLIDATION
    • D04H3/00Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of yarns or like filamentary material of substantial length
    • D04H3/08Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of yarns or like filamentary material of substantial length characterised by the method of strengthening or consolidating
    • D04H3/16Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of yarns or like filamentary material of substantial length characterised by the method of strengthening or consolidating with bonds between thermoplastic filaments produced in association with filament formation, e.g. immediately following extrusion

Description

Dec. 23. 1969 R, c, JACKSQN 3,485,428

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PNEUMATI CALLY DEPOSITING A WEB Filed Jan. 27, 1967 nnM INVENTOR. ROBERT C. JACKSON BY W ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,485,428 METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PNEUMAT- ICALLY DEPOSITING A WEB Robert C. Jackson, Dayton, Ohio, assiguor to Monsanto Company, St. Louis, Mo., a corporation of Delaware Filed Jan. 27, 1967, Ser. No. 612,154 Int. Cl. B65h 17/18 US. Cl. 226-97 4. Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A combination aspirator and traverse mechanism utilizing fluid dynamic principles of operation for orienting, forwarding, and traversing a plurality of continuous filaments onto a continuously moving surface whereb random distribution of the filaments is provided for the production of uniformly dense nonwoven webs.

Nonwoven webs comprising multifilament yarns or strands, hereinafter referred to as strands, are commonly formed by withdrawing said strands from a source of supply, for example the spinnerette of a spinning machine or feed rolls and supply bobbins, by means of an aspirating jet and then depositing the strand at high velocity onto a moving surface. In the production of nonwoven products having a substantial width there must be provided either a plurality of aspirators for depositing a plurality of strands in a random manner upon the moving surface or there must be provided a means to traverse the aspirator jet over the Width of the product to be produced.

When depositing yarn from a conventional aspirator onto a collecting surface, the filaments will spread out within the confines of the aspirated free air jet boundary. However, the filament distribution in the jet stream is not uniform, probably due to the v locity distribution generated by the aspirator. Consequently, a web deposited on a moving surface from a fixed position aspirator is parabolic in section with more filaments being deposited in the center thereof.

In the conventional practice a fixed aspirator jet situated a distance of one to three feet from the collecting surface normally provides a web width of from 2 to 8 inches even though the filaments may have been previously given a static charge to facilitate dispersion. Thus, it can be seen that to produce a nonwoven web having a width of several feet would require several fixed aspirators having individual sources of supply strands. To obviate the necessity of utilizing a large number of jets it b comes necessary to mechanically traverse the aspirating means. However, when the aspirator means is mechanicab ly traversed the mechanism required to facilitate traversal is unduly complicated and cumbersome with attendant difficulty in achieving the requisite uniform traversing velocity and instantaneous reversals of the mechanism mass at the traverse end points. Traversing the aspirator jet also results in a continuous change in the angle of the multifilament strand with respect to the entrance aperture of the aspirator which adv rsely affects the product quality.

With the above cited problems in mind it is therefore an object of the instant invention to provide, in combination, a fluid operated aspirating and traversing mechanism.

Another object of this invention is the provision of a method for producing uniform nonwoven products.

Yet another object of this invention is the provision of a strand forwarding and traversing means employing no moving parts.

Still another object of this invention is the provision of a strand drawing, forwarding, and traversing apparatus utilizing fluid dynamic principles of operation.

One embodiment contemplated for this invention comprises, in combination, a fluid operated aspirating and traversing means for drawing, forwarding, and traversing a multifilament strand positioned above a continuously moving surface for depositing said strand in a random manner whereby uniform nonwoven products having predetermined Widths and thicknesses may be obtained.

The method of this invention comprises, in general, the utilization of the combination aspirating and traversing means whereby a strand, preferably forwarded from the spinnerette of a spinning machine, is drawn by the high velocity fluid jet of the aspirator. Subsequent thereto the the aspirating jet stream forwards the yarn into the traversing zone of the apparatus wherein the fluid jet stream envelops the strand whereby the high velocity stream upon discharge from the aspirating zone systematically deflects the yarn in a reciprocating manner by means of two diametrically opposed control fluid jets, and whereby the strand is propelled onto a continuous y moving foraminous surface in the form of a uniform nonwoven web comprising randomly disposed, drawn continuously filaments. Deposition of the yarn may preferably be aided by a suction chamber located underneath the moving surface.

The specific nature of the invention, as well as other objects, uses and advantages thereof, will clearly be evident from the following description and the accompanying drawing in which:

FIGURE 1 is a pictorial view depicting the preferred embodiment of the nonwoven web forming apparatus employed for carrying out the invention,

FIGURE 2 is a sectional view through the combination aspirator and traverse mechanism showing a particular arrangement of the elements taken along the line 22 of FIGURE 1,

FIGURE 3 is a bottom plan view of the apparatus showing a configuration of the traversing means taken along line 33 of FIGURE 1; and

FIGURE 4 is a sectional view through the aspirating zone taken along the line 4-4 of FIGURE 2.

Referring now to the drawings, and particularly FIG- URES 2, 3 and 4, there is shown a particular embodiment of the combination aspirating and traversing mechanism which comprises a housing body 10 having provided integrally therein an annular chamber 12 and a diverging cavity 13 which are interconnected by passageway 14. The vertical length of the diverging wall of chamber 13 is preferably approximately 4 to 6 times the diameter of passageway 14. The chamber 12 is enclosed by a body cap 15 which is provided with a hollow stem 16 that extends to within close proximity of the entrance to passageway 14. An element 17 is concentrically disposed about the stem '16 in chamber 12. The bott m portion of chamber 12 is flared to provide a chamber 18 between element 17 and passageway 14. The body cap 15 is secured in a sealed relationship to the body member 10 by a screw 19 and gasket 20. The thickness of the gasket also controls the throat size 21 and thereby functions as a means for adjusting the distance between passageway 14 and stem 16.

The closure cap 15 is provided with a passageway 22 which is in alignment with passageway 14 for receiving a strand 24. The passageway 22 has a flared portion 23 to facilitate string up of the strand 24. In order to prevent false twisting of the strand, the element 17 is provided with a plurality of passageways concentrically arranged around the strand 24 and are parallel therewith.

The aspirating media, which may be a pressurized gas or liquid, is introduced from a supply source, not shown,

into chamber 12 by means of pipe 26 and hole 27. Said media enters chamber 12 and flows through .the plurality of passageways 25 of element 17 in a streamline manner exiting through throat 21 as a high velocity stream. The pressurized state of the aspirating media is contingent upon several conditions and thus may be varied to suit the particular situation. Some factors which influence operating pressures are the degree of drawing required on the multifilaments of the strand, the type of polymer from which the filaments are made, whether the strand has previously been subjected to an orientation step and the resulting properties of the nonwoven product. The high velocity fluid stream emanating throat 21 engages strand 24 with sufiicient energy to draw the strand and forward same through passageway 14 into the traversing zone of the apparatus which is characterized by a diverging cavity 13.

Traversing of the multifilament strand 25 is accomplished by sequentially controlling a low pressure fluid media that is supplied to diverging cavity 13, from a source not shown, by means of ports 28 and 29, and pipes 30 and 31. A programmed rotating valve of a well known type may be advantageously utilized in series with pipes 30 and 31 to divert the control fluid media in an alternating manner prescribed by the desired traversing frequency. Alternatively to utilizing the programmed rotary valve, a fluid oscillator of the type disclosed in US. Patent No. 3,016,066 may be interconnected between ports 28 and 29 to generate self-excited oscillations to directionally control the reciprocatory action of the aspirated jet stream. However, this necessitates different length tubes for different traverse frequencies but coincident therewith obviates the need for a separate source of supply for the control fluid media.

The included angle ,8 of diverging cavity 13 is determined by the desired length of the traverse stroke at the point of filament deposition, the distance residing between the traversing means and the deposition surface, and the degree of filament separation from the air stream at the deposition surface. The included angle 13 may range between approximately and 90 degrees depending upon length of traverse stroke desired. Expen'ence has shown that a distance of one to three feet between the diverging cavity 13 and the deposition surface has yielded satisfactory results.

FIGURE 1 depicts the arangement of the apparatus utilized for the production of nonwoven webs wherein the combination aspirator and traverse mechanism assembly 40, indicated by the arrowed leader, is shown in a fixed relationship above a foraminous continuous belt 32. Belt 32 is mounted for rotation by means of rolls 33, 34, and 35 with roll 33 being driven by a variable speed drive, not shown. A suction box 36 is provided directly below belt 32 and the line of traverse to insure that the randomly dispersed filaments retain their respective position after deposition. Evacuation of suction box 36 is accomplished by means of a pipe 37 and a vacuum source, not shown.

In an example, polyhexamethylene adipamide polymer was melt-spun into a 15 filament strand of 342 as-spun denier, said filaments were subsequently introduced into the combination aspirating and traversing mechanism assembly 40 wherein the strand 24 was subjected to air as the aspirating medium at a pressure of 90 p.s.i.g. The filaments were attenuated 3.8x to a total drawn denier of and were simultaneously forwarded into the traversing zone by the aspirating jet stream. The control fluid pressure, also air, entering alternately through ports 28 and 29 was 30 p.s.i.g., said fluid being sequentially supplied to provide a traverse rate of 10 strokes per minute. The traverse zone divergence angle [3 was 90 and the fixed distance residing between the traversing means and the continuous foraminous belt was approximately one foot. This provided for a traverse stroke length of 17 inches which yielded a web width of 17%. inches. The rotational speed of belt 32 was 18 inches per minute.

The nonwoven web produced was characterized by having a random filament distribution throughout. Physical testing of testing of strips of the nonwoven web revealed that isotropism did not exceed 10 percent.

It is to be understood that the above example is for illustrative purposes only and is not to be construed as limiting the invention for it is contemplated that a strand having 1X10 total denied could be processed into webs by this invention. Too, it is contemplated that the aspirating streamline element 17 could be provided with a plurality of passageways 25 selectively arranged which would enable imparting a false twist to the multifilament strand 24 such that a coherent yarn bundle could be produced for processing into constructions other than nonwoven webs.

I claim:

1. Apparatus for traversing and depositing a strand onto a moving collection surface in a randomly dispersed manner to deposit the strand in the form of a nonwoven web structure having uniform density and directional properties, wherein the improvement comprises:

(a) a member having a chamber therein for receiving a pressurized fluid,

(b) a first passageway connecting said chamber with a portion of the member having outwardly diverging walls to form a traversing chamber,

(c) a second passageway coextensively aligned with said first passageway for receiving a strand,

(d) means for introducing into the chamber a pressurized fluid which envelops the strand within the first passageway and exits through the portion having diverging walls, and

(e) oppositely disposed means in the diverging walls for sequentially introducing a lower pressure control fluid whereby the strand is deflected by said control fluid.

2. The apparatus of claim 1 in which the chamber is provided with an element having a plurality of holes concentrically arranged and parallel to the strand for communication between the opening into the chamber and the first passageway to insure that false twist is not imparated to the strand.

3. The apparatus of claim 1 in which the included angle 5 of divergence is between 15 and 90 degrees.

4. The apparatus of claim 3 in which the length of the traversing chamber is from 4 to 6 times greater than the diameter of the first passageway.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,259,952 7/1966 Caines 28l.4 3,279,024 10/1966 Sakai et a1 28l.4

ALLEN N, KNOWLES, Primary Examiner

US3485428A 1967-01-27 1967-01-27 Method and apparatus for pneumatically depositing a web Expired - Lifetime US3485428A (en)

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Cited By (38)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3607543A (en) * 1969-03-21 1971-09-21 Philip J Stevenson Process for forming lightweight nylon nonwoven web
US3633808A (en) * 1969-06-06 1972-01-11 Elitex Z Textilniho Shojirenst Nozzle for jet looms
US3636601A (en) * 1969-06-23 1972-01-25 Monsanto Co Regularly tangled compact yarn process
US3645431A (en) * 1969-07-31 1972-02-29 Allied Chem Yarn-forwarding apparatus and process
US3720361A (en) * 1970-03-26 1973-03-13 Stamicarbon Process and device for the preparation of a plastic fiber fleece
US3739967A (en) * 1970-10-28 1973-06-19 Heath G & Co Ltd Handling elongate materials
US3781950A (en) * 1968-12-03 1974-01-01 Asahi Chemical Ind Apparatus for the scouring of wet-spun filament bundles
US3859697A (en) * 1973-12-28 1975-01-14 Chevron Res Foraminous surface means in a thermoplastic yarn rebound texturizing apparatus
US3911173A (en) * 1973-02-05 1975-10-07 Usm Corp Adhesive process
US3929542A (en) * 1970-11-03 1975-12-30 Basf Farben & Fasern Non-woven webs of filaments of synthetic high molecular weight polymers and process for the manufacture thereof
US3999579A (en) * 1975-12-30 1976-12-28 Enshu Limited Weft ejection nozzle for water jet looms
US4098632A (en) * 1975-10-01 1978-07-04 Usm Corporation Adhesive process
US4099296A (en) * 1975-09-26 1978-07-11 Aktiebolaget Svenska Flaktfabriken Method and apparatus for forming a material web
DE2846517A1 (en) * 1977-10-26 1979-05-03 Ici Ltd A method and apparatus for laying of an oriented fibrous web
US4157605A (en) * 1975-07-24 1979-06-12 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Fluid jet texturing apparatus
DE3032138A1 (en) * 1979-09-25 1981-04-09 Ici Ltd A method and apparatus for manufacturing a bonded by sewing the fabric
DE3032130A1 (en) * 1979-09-21 1981-04-23 Ici Ltd A method and apparatus for the production of an ordered web from a fiber strand
WO1981002172A1 (en) * 1980-01-25 1981-08-06 I Reba System and method for dispersing filaments
US4285452A (en) * 1979-02-26 1981-08-25 Crown Zellerbach Corporation System and method for dispersing filaments
US4308640A (en) * 1979-03-08 1982-01-05 Celanese Corporation Cross lapping apparatus
US4346504A (en) * 1980-07-11 1982-08-31 Hoechst Fibers Industries Yarn forwarding and drawing apparatus
US4866832A (en) * 1986-09-24 1989-09-19 Lenhardt Maschinenbau Gmbh Process and apparatus for closing one end of a tubular bar
US4925101A (en) * 1988-08-26 1990-05-15 Nordson Corporation Wax spray gun and nozzle
US4964197A (en) * 1985-11-21 1990-10-23 J.H. Benecke Ag And Corovin Gmbh Apparatus for the production of non-woven material from endless filaments
US5397413A (en) * 1992-04-10 1995-03-14 Fiberweb North America, Inc. Apparatus and method for producing a web of thermoplastic filaments
US5762857A (en) * 1997-01-31 1998-06-09 Weng; Jian Method for producing nonwoven web using pulsed electrostatic charge
US5906280A (en) * 1997-07-14 1999-05-25 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Packaging material
US5992637A (en) * 1997-07-14 1999-11-30 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Packaging material
US6170302B1 (en) 1998-09-30 2001-01-09 Ethicon, Inc. Method and apparatus for continuously cleaning yarn fibers
US6202390B1 (en) 1997-09-19 2001-03-20 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Packaging process
EP1088916A1 (en) * 1999-09-30 2001-04-04 Nippon Petrochemicals Company, Limited Transversely aligned web
US6298637B1 (en) 1997-09-19 2001-10-09 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Packaging material
US6401436B2 (en) 1997-09-19 2002-06-11 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Packaging material
US20030030175A1 (en) * 2001-07-16 2003-02-13 Engelbert Locher Method and device for producing a spunbonded nonwoven fabric
US6534136B2 (en) 1997-09-19 2003-03-18 Southpac Trust Int'l. Inc. Packaging material
US20050104261A1 (en) * 2003-11-17 2005-05-19 Nordson Corporation Stabilized filament drawing device for a meltspinning apparatus
US20060172024A1 (en) * 2003-11-17 2006-08-03 Nordson Corporation Stabilized filament drawing device for a meltspinning apparatus and meltspinning apparatus including such stabilized filament drawing devices
CN1313666C (en) * 2003-08-25 2007-05-02 高雨声 Method for producing single component spun-bonded-needle punched, spun-bonded-hot rolled non-woven fabric

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DE2049594A1 (en) * 1970-07-01 1972-01-05 Wtz Textile
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EP0379763B1 (en) * 1989-01-27 1994-12-21 Polymer Processing Research Institute Limited Cross-laminated stretched non-woven fabric and method of making the same
US5312500A (en) * 1989-01-27 1994-05-17 Nippon Petrochemicals Co., Ltd. Non-woven fabric and method and apparatus for making the same
US5652048A (en) * 1995-08-02 1997-07-29 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. High bulk nonwoven sorbent
US5667749A (en) * 1995-08-02 1997-09-16 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method for the production of fibers and materials having enhanced characteristics
US5811178A (en) 1995-08-02 1998-09-22 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. High bulk nonwoven sorbent with fiber density gradient
US5711970A (en) * 1995-08-02 1998-01-27 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Apparatus for the production of fibers and materials having enhanced characteristics
EP1178142B1 (en) 2000-07-25 2003-07-16 Carl Freudenberg KG Method and apparatus for making a spunbonded nonwoven

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US3279024A (en) * 1964-09-24 1966-10-18 Teijin Ltd Method and apparatus for making bulky continuous filament yarn

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US3259952A (en) * 1964-02-12 1966-07-12 Eastman Kodak Co Jet device for blowing yarn and process
US3279024A (en) * 1964-09-24 1966-10-18 Teijin Ltd Method and apparatus for making bulky continuous filament yarn

Cited By (62)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3781950A (en) * 1968-12-03 1974-01-01 Asahi Chemical Ind Apparatus for the scouring of wet-spun filament bundles
US3607543A (en) * 1969-03-21 1971-09-21 Philip J Stevenson Process for forming lightweight nylon nonwoven web
US3633808A (en) * 1969-06-06 1972-01-11 Elitex Z Textilniho Shojirenst Nozzle for jet looms
US3636601A (en) * 1969-06-23 1972-01-25 Monsanto Co Regularly tangled compact yarn process
US3645431A (en) * 1969-07-31 1972-02-29 Allied Chem Yarn-forwarding apparatus and process
US3720361A (en) * 1970-03-26 1973-03-13 Stamicarbon Process and device for the preparation of a plastic fiber fleece
US3739967A (en) * 1970-10-28 1973-06-19 Heath G & Co Ltd Handling elongate materials
US3929542A (en) * 1970-11-03 1975-12-30 Basf Farben & Fasern Non-woven webs of filaments of synthetic high molecular weight polymers and process for the manufacture thereof
US3911173A (en) * 1973-02-05 1975-10-07 Usm Corp Adhesive process
US3859697A (en) * 1973-12-28 1975-01-14 Chevron Res Foraminous surface means in a thermoplastic yarn rebound texturizing apparatus
US4157605A (en) * 1975-07-24 1979-06-12 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Fluid jet texturing apparatus
US4099296A (en) * 1975-09-26 1978-07-11 Aktiebolaget Svenska Flaktfabriken Method and apparatus for forming a material web
US4098632A (en) * 1975-10-01 1978-07-04 Usm Corporation Adhesive process
US3999579A (en) * 1975-12-30 1976-12-28 Enshu Limited Weft ejection nozzle for water jet looms
DE2846517A1 (en) * 1977-10-26 1979-05-03 Ici Ltd A method and apparatus for laying of an oriented fibrous web
US4285452A (en) * 1979-02-26 1981-08-25 Crown Zellerbach Corporation System and method for dispersing filaments
US4308640A (en) * 1979-03-08 1982-01-05 Celanese Corporation Cross lapping apparatus
DE3032130A1 (en) * 1979-09-21 1981-04-23 Ici Ltd A method and apparatus for the production of an ordered web from a fiber strand
DE3032138A1 (en) * 1979-09-25 1981-04-09 Ici Ltd A method and apparatus for manufacturing a bonded by sewing the fabric
WO1981002172A1 (en) * 1980-01-25 1981-08-06 I Reba System and method for dispersing filaments
US4334340A (en) * 1980-01-25 1982-06-15 Crown Zellerbach Corporation System and method for dispersing filaments
US4346504A (en) * 1980-07-11 1982-08-31 Hoechst Fibers Industries Yarn forwarding and drawing apparatus
US4964197A (en) * 1985-11-21 1990-10-23 J.H. Benecke Ag And Corovin Gmbh Apparatus for the production of non-woven material from endless filaments
US4866832A (en) * 1986-09-24 1989-09-19 Lenhardt Maschinenbau Gmbh Process and apparatus for closing one end of a tubular bar
US4925101A (en) * 1988-08-26 1990-05-15 Nordson Corporation Wax spray gun and nozzle
US5397413A (en) * 1992-04-10 1995-03-14 Fiberweb North America, Inc. Apparatus and method for producing a web of thermoplastic filaments
US5762857A (en) * 1997-01-31 1998-06-09 Weng; Jian Method for producing nonwoven web using pulsed electrostatic charge
US20110108454A1 (en) * 1997-07-14 2011-05-12 Weder Donald E Packaging material
US5992637A (en) * 1997-07-14 1999-11-30 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Packaging material
US6041936A (en) * 1997-07-14 2000-03-28 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Packaging material
US6053323A (en) * 1997-07-14 2000-04-25 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Packaging material
US6561356B2 (en) 1997-07-14 2003-05-13 Southpac Trust Int'l., Inc. Packaging material
US5906280A (en) * 1997-07-14 1999-05-25 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Packaging material
US20100176023A1 (en) * 1997-07-14 2010-07-15 Weder Donald E Packaging material
US20100108563A1 (en) * 1997-07-14 2010-05-06 Weder Donald E Packaging material
US6253921B1 (en) 1997-07-14 2001-07-03 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Packaging material
US20100108557A1 (en) * 1997-07-14 2010-05-06 Weder Donald E Packaging material
US20080179212A1 (en) * 1997-07-14 2008-07-31 Weder Donald E Packaging material
US6394276B1 (en) 1997-07-14 2002-05-28 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Packaging material
US7364042B2 (en) 1997-07-14 2008-04-29 Wanda M. Weder And William F. Straeter Packaging material
US20080060973A1 (en) * 1997-07-14 2008-03-13 Weder Donald E Packaging material
US20060000744A1 (en) * 1997-07-14 2006-01-05 Weder Donald E Packaging material
US20050121355A1 (en) * 1997-07-14 2005-06-09 Weder Donald E. Packaging material
US6080265A (en) * 1997-07-14 2000-06-27 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Packaging material
US20110186474A1 (en) * 1997-07-14 2011-08-04 Weder Donald E Packaging material
US6401436B2 (en) 1997-09-19 2002-06-11 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Packaging material
US6534136B2 (en) 1997-09-19 2003-03-18 Southpac Trust Int'l. Inc. Packaging material
US6202390B1 (en) 1997-09-19 2001-03-20 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Packaging process
US6298637B1 (en) 1997-09-19 2001-10-09 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Packaging material
US6383229B2 (en) 1998-09-30 2002-05-07 Ethicon, Inc. Method and apparatus for continuously cleaning yarn fibers
US6170302B1 (en) 1998-09-30 2001-01-09 Ethicon, Inc. Method and apparatus for continuously cleaning yarn fibers
EP1088916A1 (en) * 1999-09-30 2001-04-04 Nippon Petrochemicals Company, Limited Transversely aligned web
US6877971B2 (en) 1999-09-30 2005-04-12 Nippon Petrochemicals Co. Ltd. Apparatus for producing a transversely aligned web in which filaments spun at high rate are aligned in the transverse direction
US20020197343A1 (en) * 1999-09-30 2002-12-26 Kazuhiko Kurihara Transversely aligned web in which filaments spun at high rate are aligned in the transverse direction
US20030056335A1 (en) * 1999-09-30 2003-03-27 Kazuhiko Kurihara Transversely aligned web in which filaments spun at high rate are aligned in the transverse direction
US7504062B2 (en) * 2001-07-16 2009-03-17 Carl Freudenberg Kg Method and device for producing a spunbonded nonwoven fabric
US20030030175A1 (en) * 2001-07-16 2003-02-13 Engelbert Locher Method and device for producing a spunbonded nonwoven fabric
CN1313666C (en) * 2003-08-25 2007-05-02 高雨声 Method for producing single component spun-bonded-needle punched, spun-bonded-hot rolled non-woven fabric
US7320581B2 (en) 2003-11-17 2008-01-22 Aktiengesellschaft Adolph Saurer Stabilized filament drawing device for a meltspinning apparatus
US7172398B2 (en) 2003-11-17 2007-02-06 Aktiengesellschaft Adolph Saurer Stabilized filament drawing device for a meltspinning apparatus and meltspinning apparatus including such stabilized filament drawing devices
US20060172024A1 (en) * 2003-11-17 2006-08-03 Nordson Corporation Stabilized filament drawing device for a meltspinning apparatus and meltspinning apparatus including such stabilized filament drawing devices
US20050104261A1 (en) * 2003-11-17 2005-05-19 Nordson Corporation Stabilized filament drawing device for a meltspinning apparatus

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FR1551846A (en) 1968-12-27 grant
DE1635716A1 (en) 1971-05-13 application
GB1219921A (en) 1971-01-20 application

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