US348280A - hinkley - Google Patents

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US348280A
US348280A US348280DA US348280A US 348280 A US348280 A US 348280A US 348280D A US348280D A US 348280DA US 348280 A US348280 A US 348280A
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Prior art keywords
saw
shaft
guide
arm
wheel
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27BSAWS FOR WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; COMPONENTS OR ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • B27B5/00Sawing machines working with circular or cylindrical saw blades; Components or equipment therefor
    • B27B5/16Saw benches
    • B27B5/22Saw benches with non-feedable circular saw blade
    • B27B5/222Saw benches with non-feedable circular saw blade the saw blade being arranged underneath the work-table; Guiding arrangements for the work-table
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/647With means to convey work relative to tool station
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/647With means to convey work relative to tool station
    • Y10T83/6584Cut made parallel to direction of and during work movement
    • Y10T83/6608By rectilinearly moving work carriage
    • Y10T83/6632Supported for movement at one side of tool only
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/707By endless band or chain knife
    • Y10T83/7226With means to guard the tension
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/707By endless band or chain knife
    • Y10T83/7264With special blade guide means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/869Means to drive or to guide tool
    • Y10T83/8878Guide
    • Y10T83/8889With means to adjust position

Description

(No Model.) 5 Sheets-Sheet 1.
G. M. HINKLEY.
BAND SAW MILL.
No. 348,280. Patented Aug. 31, 1886.
(No Model.) 5 Sheets-Sheet 2.
G. M. HINKLEY.
BAND SAW MILL.
No. 348,280. Patented Aug. 31, 1886.
N. FETERS, Fhutqilkhugrapher. Washingmn, uc.
(No Model.) 5 Sheets-Sheet 3.
G. M. HINKLEY. BAND SAW MILL.
No. 348,280. Patented Aug. 31, 1886.
N. PETERS Phom-Lnho n nar. Washinglon, n. c.
(No Model.) 5 Sheets-Sheet 4.
- G. M. HINKLEY.
BAND SAW MILL.
,280. Patented Aug.'31, 1886.
(No Model.) 5 Sheets-Sheet 5. G. M. HINKLEY.
BAND SAW MILL.
A i 'l. U A N h 1b,;
N, PETERS, Phnloiithogrzphur, wnningmn, D. c.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
GEORGE M. HINKLEY, OF MILYVAUKEE XVISCONSIN, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO EDXVARD P. ALLIS, OF SAME PLACE.
BAND-SAW MILL.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 348,280, dated August 31, 1886.
Application filed March 25, 1866. Serial No. 196,450. (No model.)
To all whom, it may concern: K, as clearly shown in Figs. 2 and 3, all the Be it known that I, GEORGE M. HINKLEY, wheels I J K being rigidly keyed to the shaft. of Milwaukee, in the county of Milwaukee L indicates a shaft extending at an angle and State of \Visconsin, have invented certain across the front side of the machine, carrying new and useful Improvements in Band-Saw at one end a bevel friction-wheel, M, and at 55 Mills, of which the following is aspecification. its other end a small bevel gear-wheel, N, My invention relates to band-saw mills; and which latter is adapted to mesh with a larger it consists, first, in a novel construction of bevel-gear, O, on the shaft G, as shown in mechanism for imparting motion to the saw Figs. 2 and 3. The friction-wheel M of shaft and the traveling carriage; second, a novel L extends in between the frietion-whcels J K, 60
construction of devices for raising and lowerso as to run in contact with one or the other, I ing the upper saw-guide; and, third, in a as may be desired, and to permit such contact novel construction of the guide itself. and change in driving-surfaces and consequent In the drawings, Figure l is a side elevation speed the front end of shaft L is mounted in of a band-saw mill embodying 'my improve a bridge or cross-bar, P, shown in detail in 65 ments, the traveling saw-carriage being shown Figs. 4, 5, 6, and 7. The bridge P is provided in end elevation; Fig. 2, a top plan view of with a box or bearing, 1', in which is mounted themachine; Fig. 8, ahorizontalsection showa cylindrical block, j, shown in Figs. 4, 5, and ing the mechanism for driving the saw and the 6, said block j being provided with bearings carriage; Figs. 4, 5, 6, and 7, detail views 1e it, for the shaft L, eccentric to the block j. 70 lating to the driving mechanism; Figs. 8, 9, The block j is further provided on its front and 10, views illustrating the mechanism by face with a socket, Z, for the reception of a which the upper saw-guide is raised and lowhand-lever, m, by which the block j may be ered; Figs. 11, 12, and 13, views illustrating turned or rotated in its bearing i, to bring the 2 5 the construction of the upper guide. bearing is to one or the other side of the center 7 5 Referring now to Figs. 1, 2, and 3, the mechof the block j. anism by which motion is imparted to the saw The device being thus constructed operates and to the traveling carriage will be explained. as follows: Motion being imparted to shaft H In mills of this character the carriage must through band-wheel I is of course transmithave reciprocating movement past the saw, ted to the saw through the lower saw-support- 80 and to accomplish this by means of the power ing wheel, Q. The hand-leverm is now moved applied to drive the saw is one of the objects so as to bring the friction-wheel M, carried by of the present invention. shaft L, into contact with the small bevel frie E represents the saw-mill carriage, which tion-wheel K. The motion imparted to wheel maybe of the usual construction, the said car- K is transmitted through friction-wheel M, 85 riage being attached at each end by a band or shaft L, gears N O, shaft G, and drum F to rope (not shown) to a winding-drum, F, the carriage, and causes the proper feed of mounted on a shaft, G, journaledin asuitable the same. When the cut is completed, the bearing. As the shaft G is rotated in one dihand-lever m is reversed, and the friction- 0 rection, the rope or band unwinds and causes wheel M made to move in contact with the 0 the carriage to move in one direction, and inner face of the friction-wheel J, whereupon when rotatedin the reverse direction the rope a reverse and much more rapid movement of or band winds upon the drum and causes the the carriage is effected for gigging back. carriage to travel in the reverse direction, as The amount of play the friction-wheel M has usual in this class of mills. between the friction-wheels J K is very slight, 95
H indicates the main shaft of the machine, and only a very slight movement of the handprovided with aband-wheel, I, through which lever is required to shift the lever L. motion is imparted to the machine; and, fur- In order to assist in securing and maintainther, provided with a large hollow frictioning proper alignment of the shaft L the crosswheel, J, and a smaller bevel friction-wheel, bar or bridge P is provided at each end with I00 ing from the inner face of the guide arm S is a lug, r, threaded to receive a screw, 8, the latter being shouldered and supported at its lower end in any suitable bearing. T indicates a rod connected to the screw 8 by means of a universal joint, t, the rod T being provided at its lower end with a bevel frictionwheel, U, as shown in Fig. 9, and supported at a point above the friction-wheel U by a bridgetrce, a. The bridgetree u is pivoted at its rear end to a lug projecting from the rear of the upright column R, and extends through said column to the front face thereof. As indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 1, the rod T also extends through the front face of the upright column B, and terminates directly over the shaft H. As shown in Figs. 3 and 8, the shaft H is provided with fixed bevel friction-wheels V and NV, between which the friction-wheel U hangs, the latter being arranged to hang freely between and out of contact with both of said wheels or to move in contact with either at will. Of course, if the wheel U should run in. contact with wheel V, it would turn, the screw sin one direction and cause a movement of the guide-arm; but if the wheel U should move in contact with the wheel W it would cause a reverse movement of the screw and guide-arm. The direction of rotation of the shaft H and the threading of screw 5 will of course determine which of the wheels 'V WV will be used to raise and which to lower the guide arm. As previously stated, and as clearly shown in Fig. 10, the bridge-tree a, supporting the shaft T, projects through the front side of the upright column B, where it is connected to a hand-lever, X, by means of a link, 1;, the hand -lever being pivoted at a point above the link to a bracket or support, 10, rigidly secured to the standard R. It will be seen that as the hand-lever is rocked on its pivot it moves the bridge-tree u, and the shaft T, carried thereby,in the direction of the length of shaft H, and will cause the friction-wheel U to come into contact with wheels V or XV, according to the direction in which the handlever is moved. A spring-dog, 00, secured to the bracket 10, engages with the end of the hand-lever X, and holds said lever normally in avertical position, thus rendering the wheel U inoperative.
Fig. 1 is a side or end view of my improved guide; Fig. 12, a face View partly in section; and Fig. 13, atop plan view. The end of the guide-arm S is provided with a slot'or groove, 1), extending horizontally across its face, as shown in Fig. 12, the groove being fitted to receive aweb or rib, 0, formed upon the rear face of a plate, A, secured to the guide-arm S by means of a bolt, y, from which it will be seen that the entire guide Y may be moved laterall y across the end of the guide-arm. The bolt 3 is provided with an enlarged head, as shown in Fig. 13, and projects through a slot. Shown in dotted lines in Fig. 12 in the guide-arm.) The plate A is provided with a laterally-extending arm, (1, and with a horizontal plate, 6, the former having at its end a bolt, f, and the latter having a bolt, 9. The horizontal plate 6 is countersunk or recessed on its under face around the bolt 9, to form a circular socket, h, to receive a hub or boss, '5, formed upon the upper face of a plate, j, secured to the plate 0 by means of the bolt 9. This plate j is formed with a laterally-extending arm, corresponding to and beneath the arm d of plate A, and said arm 7c is formed with a curved slot, Z, through which and the arm d the boltf passes, as shown in Figs. 11, 12, and 13. The sides or edges j are -beveled,as shown in Fig. 12, and slide in guides or ways formed upon the main portion of the guide.
Projecting from the guide Y, beneath the arm S, is a lug, m, in which is swiveled the shank of a screw, 12, provided with a handwheel, B, at one end,and screwing at the other end into a lug, 0, formed upon the underside of the plate j, as shown in Figs. 11 and 13 and by dotted lines in Fig. 12. From this construction it will be seen that by turning the hand-wheel B in one or the other direction the guides on the inner face of the saw maybe moved to and from the latter, as desired. The outer portion of the guide Y is formed of two sections, Z and 2, as shown in Fig. 12, the upper section, Z, being formed with a downwardly-projecting ear orlug, p,through which passes a screw, q, having at one end a handwheel, 0,,by which it may be turned. The upper section, Z, is dovetailed into the lower section, .2, as shown in Fig. 11, and is adjustable longitudinally npon the latter by means of the screw g, which screws into a lug, r, on the section 2, as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 12. This adjustment enables the lower section, 2:, of the guide, or the block a, carried thereby, to be moved closer to or farther from the rear edge of the saw, and also to compensate for wear of the block. Now, should it be found that the guidingblocks a were not parallel with the face of the saw, they could not be made so by the adjustment of either of the screws n q, as both of said screws move the guide-sections in fixed predetermined right lines. To accomplish or secure this parallelism it is only necessary to loosen the bolts f g and turn the platej upon the boltg as a pivot until the guiding-blocks are parallel with the face of the saw, whereupon the bolts f 9 may be tightened and the plate held in position. The upper arm, Z, extends outward beyond the lower arm, 2, and supports the saw near the cutting-edge, while the lower arm, 2, supports the inner face or side walls of the saw. Each of the arms Z and z is provided with a tapering dovetailed socket, in which is driven,
IOO
IIO
a block, a, of wood, preferably lignum-vitzc. As these blocks a are beveled on their edges and taper lengthwise, they ean be fitted quite easily with a plane and driven tightly to their seat. IVhen once driven, they need no fastening screws or bolts or other securing devices.
In using the term gear I do not wish to be understood as limiting myself to the use of toothed or friction gear, as it is obvious that either these or other forms of gearing may be used with equal advantage.
I do not in this application claim the construction of the upper saw-supporti n g wheel, as this feature will form the subiectmatterof a sepa rate application, to be filed asa division of the present case.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim is 1. In combination with main shaft H and gear-wheels J K thereon, saw-carriageoperating shaft G, a gear-wheel, O, thereon, and shaft L, provided at one end with a gear, N, to mesh with wheel 0, and at the other end with a gear, III, to run in contact with either of the wheels J Kat will, whereby the shaft L may be rotated in one or the other direction, according asitis desired to feed or to gig.
2. In combination with shaft H and gearsJ K,of different diameters, mounted thereon,carriage-operating mechanism, and shaft L, connected at one end to the carriage-operating mechanism, and adapted, substantially as shown and described, to have motion imparted to it by either of the wheels J K at will,where by a differential speed of the carriage is socured.
8. In a bandsaw mill, in combination with a main driving-shaft, II, and a carriage-operating shaft, G, both mounted in fixed bearings, an, intermediate shaft, L, to communicate motion from the shaft II to shaft G substantially in the manner shown, a cross-bar, I, and an cecentric bearing for the shaft L at the end nearest the main shaft mounted in the crossbar.
4. In a baud-saw mill, the combinatiomwith the main shaft H and a carriage-operating shaft, G, of an intermediate connecting shaft, L, a cross-bar, I, provided with abearing, t, a block, j, mounted and rotatable in said bearing, an eccentric bearing, 7;, for the shaft L, and a hand-lever, m, secured to the block 7', adapted and arranged to rotate or rock the latter and move the shaft L laterally, as and for the purpose set forth.
5. In a band-saw mill, in combination with an upright or standard, a guide-arm moving on ways thereon, a screw for raising and lowering said guide-arm, a gear-wheel for imparting motion to said screw, a main shaft, gearwheels secured rigidly thereon, and a handlever for throwing the gear on the screw-stem into engagement with either of the gears on the main shaft at will.
(3. In a band-saw mill, the combination,with a shaft provided with two bevel-gears, of a vertically-adjustahle saw-guide arm provided with abevel gear-wheel between the two bevelgears on the main shaft, and a hand-lever or its equivalent, arranged substantially as shown, to cause the gear-wheel to mesh with either of those on the main shaft at will.
7. In a band-saw mill, the combination of standard It, guide-arm S, movable thereon,
screw 8, for raising and lowering the guidearm, a rod, T, connected to screw 8 by means of a universal joint, abridge-tree, a, supporting-rod T, a gear, U, on the end of the rod, main shaft H, gears VIV thereon on opposite sides of gear 'U, and a hand-lever, X, for moving the bridge-tree u laterally, as and for the purpose set forth.
8. In aband-saw mill, the combination,with the standard, the guide arm, and the mechanism for raising and lowering the guide-arm, of the pivoted bridge-tree u, a hand-lever, X, connected with the bridge-tree, and a locking device, as a for holding said lever in any de sired position.
9. In aband-saw mill, the combination, with an upright column, B, of a guide-arm, S, projecting laterally therefrom, a slotted groove,
1/, across the outer end of the guide-arm, a
saw-guide, Y, provided with a vertical plate, A, and a bolt, 9 passing through the plate and slotted groove, substantially as shown, and for the purposes set forth.
10. In a band-saw mill, the combination, with a guide-arm, as S, of a plate, A, secured to the end thereof, a saw-guide, Y, secured to the plate by means of a vertical pivot, g, and capable of rotating horizontally thereupon, the guide being composed of the parts Z 2, adapted to slide one upon the other, substantially as described.
11. In a band-saw mill, the combination, with an arm, as S, of a plate, A, seeuredthereto, rovided with ahorizontal plate, 0, and an arm, (1, platej, secured to plate 6 by means of a bolt, 9, and connected to the saw-guide, whereby the guide may be swung about the bolt 9 as a pivot to bring the guide-blocks parallel with the face of the saw.
12. In a band-saw mill, the combination of an arm, as S 5 a plate secured thereto provided with arm (1 and horizontal plate 0; a plate,j, secured to the latter by a bolt, 9; a socket, h, in the under face of plate 6, around the bolt g; a plate, j, formed with ahub or boss, 1', to fit into said socket h,- an arm, k, secured to plate 7", and a bolt, f, passing through the arms (1 as and for the purpose set forth.
13. In combination with a band-saw mill, the guide-arm S, saw-guide Y, comprising the parts Z and z, a screw, 01, adapted to move the guide to and from the face of the saw, and a screw, q, swiveled in the part Z and adapted to move the same upon the part 2.
GEORGE M. HINKLEY.
\Vitnesses:
WM. W. ALLIs, Enw. P. ALLIs, Jr.
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2659563A (en) * 1948-03-22 1953-11-17 Conveyor Company Inc Automatic dispensing mechanism
US2676626A (en) * 1952-11-22 1954-04-27 Elver W Rumsey Log loading and turning device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2659563A (en) * 1948-03-22 1953-11-17 Conveyor Company Inc Automatic dispensing mechanism
US2676626A (en) * 1952-11-22 1954-04-27 Elver W Rumsey Log loading and turning device

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