US3482559A - Ignition distributor for internal combustion engines - Google Patents

Ignition distributor for internal combustion engines Download PDF

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Publication number
US3482559A
US3482559A US3482559DA US3482559A US 3482559 A US3482559 A US 3482559A US 3482559D A US3482559D A US 3482559DA US 3482559 A US3482559 A US 3482559A
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Prior art keywords
plate
ignition
advance
shaft
centrifugal
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Roger Salomon
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DUCELLIER AND CIE
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DUCELLIER AND CIE
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02PIGNITION, OTHER THAN COMPRESSION IGNITION, FOR INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINES; TESTING OF IGNITION TIMING IN COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES
    • F02P5/00Advancing or retarding ignition; Control therefor
    • F02P5/04Advancing or retarding ignition; Control therefor automatically, as a function of the working conditions of the engine or vehicle or of the atmospheric conditions
    • F02P5/05Advancing or retarding ignition; Control therefor automatically, as a function of the working conditions of the engine or vehicle or of the atmospheric conditions using mechanical means
    • F02P5/06Advancing or retarding ignition; Control therefor automatically, as a function of the working conditions of the engine or vehicle or of the atmospheric conditions using mechanical means dependent on engine speed
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02PIGNITION, OTHER THAN COMPRESSION IGNITION, FOR INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINES; TESTING OF IGNITION TIMING IN COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES
    • F02P7/00Arrangements of distributors, circuit-makers or -breakers, e.g. of distributor and circuit-breaker combinations or pick-up devices
    • F02P7/02Arrangements of distributors, circuit-makers or -breakers, e.g. of distributor and circuit-breaker combinations or pick-up devices of distributors
    • F02P7/021Mechanical distributors
    • F02P7/026Distributors combined with other ignition devices, e.g. coils, fuel-injectors
    • F02P7/027Distributors combined with other ignition devices, e.g. coils, fuel-injectors combined with centrifugal advance devices

Description

Dec.'9, 1969 R. SALOMON 3,432,559 IGNITION DISTRIBUTOR FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES Filed Feb. 5. 1968 FIG! ' FIG. 4

DEGREES 0F ADVANCE INVENTOR ROGER SALOMON ATTORNEYS United States Patent Int. c1. Fo2 1/00, /04

US. Cl. 123-1465 4 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE The centrifugal advance mechanism of an ignition distributor is provided with a floating centrifugal weight plate which is constrained in its movement relative to the distributor shaft and which imparts movement to the plate controlling the point of ignition. The constraint is such as to maintain a fixed advanced characteristic for the control plate at cranking speed, to then retard the ignition point at idling speed, and to then advance the ignition point at operating speeds above idling and low speed operation.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION As a consequence of the contemporary concern over air pollution, the problem of emission control relative to internal combustion engines has received a great deal of attention and various solutions have been proposed. One solution is to significantly retard the ignition point at idle and low engine speeds and various mechanisms have been proposed to achieve this. For the most part, however, such mechanisms are characterized by relative complexity and are propense to the requirement for constant or frequent servicing in order to maintain them in proper operating condition.

The reason for this is that the amount of ignition delay necessary to significantly and favorably affect exhaust emission corresponds to an ignition delay which would render the engine diflicult to start. Therefore the distributor mechanism and more particularly its advance curve characteristics must be tailored to estabilsh a relatively advanced ignition point at engine cranking speed to allow the engine easily to start and then during idle and low speed operation subsequent to starting, the ignition point must be retarded and then it must advance ultimately in the usual fashion as the engine speed is increased to obtain the requisite power characteristics conventionally well known in the art.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates first of all to an ignition distributor mechanism wherein the requisite ignition advance-retard-advance characteristics specified above are achieved directly as a result and incidental to the operation of a conventional centrifugal advance mechanism. This is accomplished by utilizing a floating plate which mounts the centrifugal Weights with the weights being provided with pin means operating both against the distributor shaft or more especially a plate rigid therewith, and against the control plate which controls the opening of the ignition contact points. The pins carried by the weights are initially bottomed in precontoured slots so as to establish a rigidly fixed ignition advance characteristic for engine cranking speeds. As soon as the engine starts, the centrifugal weights swing outwardly initially to retard the ignition point and thereafter to advance the ignition point as the engine speed is increased.

3,482,559 Patented Dec. 9, 1969 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES OF THE DRAWING FIG. 1 is a longitudinal section of a centrifugal advance mechanism in accordance with the invention;

FIG. 2 is a plan view of the mechanism shown in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a plan view of the mechanism shown in FIG. 1, with the cam plate removed; and

FIG. 4 represents the ignition advance curve obtained from a distributor conforming to the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION With reference now more particularly to FIGS. 1 and 3, the conventional distributor shaft is indicated by the reference character 1 and will be understood to be driven directly from the associated internal combustion engine not shown, in the usual fashion. This shaft is provided with a plate 2 which is rigidly aflixed and rotates in unison with the shaft and which carries an upstanding pin 3 forming an anchoring post for one end of the tension spring 13. The opposite end of the tension spring 13 is attached to a tang 10 on the centrifugal weight plate 8. The plate 8 is free floating on the shaft 1 and for this purpose a bushing 9 is provided on the shaft as will be clearly evident from FIG. 1. The pin 3 projects upwardly through the plate 8 and passes through an enlarged opening therein so as not to interfere with relative motion of the plate -8 with respect to the shaft 1. As will be evident from FIG. 3 in particular, assuming the plate 2 to be fixed, the tension spring 13 serves to impart a counterclockwise rotation to the plate 8 relative to the plate 2. The plate 8 carries a pair of upstanding pins 6 and 7 which rotatably mount the centrifugal weights 4 and 5 which are of entirely conventional construction and operation. However, the two weights 4 and 5 carry depending pin members 23 and 24 which are received in the specially formed slots 27 and 28 of the distributor shaft plate 2, see particularly FIG. 3.

Normally, the tension spring 13 serves to bottom the pins 23 and 24 within their respective slots 27 and 28 and as will hereinafter appear, this corresponds to a predetermined degree of ignition advance for easy starting of the internal combustion engine.

The weights 4 and 5 also carry upstanding pins 18 and 19 which project through slots 16 and 17 in the control plate 14 as can be seen best in FIG. 2. One of these pins 18 serves to anchor one end of a tension spring 21 which is anchored at its opposite end to the tang 22 formed on the control plate 14. The control plate 14 is fixed to the cam 15 which, as is conventional, is rotatable with respect to the shaft 1 and serves to relatively advance or retard the cam in a manner well known and understood in the art. It will also be understood that the cam 15 is adapted to mount the usual ignition rotor at its upper end.

The plate 14 also carries a depending pin 20 to which one end of a tension spring 12 is anchored and the opposite end of which is anchored on the tang 10 on the plate 8. Thus, the spring 13 as mentioned tends to bottom the weight pins 23 and 24 in their respective slots 27 and 28 whereas the spring 12 serves to rotate the plate 14 counterclockwise with respect to the plate 8 and bottom the pins 18 and 19 in their respective slots 16 and 17. The spring 21 acts both to impart counterclockwise rotation of the plate 14 with respect to the plate 8 and to return the weight 4 to its inwardly swung position, automatically also returning the weight 5. The configurations of the slots 16 and 17 and of the slots 27 and 28 are such as to achieve an ignition advance curve according to FIG. 4 wherein the ordinate is representative of engine speed and the abscissa of which is indicative of the degree of ignition advance. Engine speed is increasing from left to right along the ordinate and ignition timing is advancing from bottom to top along the abscissa. The portion of the advance curve indicated by the reference character S and which displays a fixed ignition advance point corresponds to engine cranking speed wherein the pins 23 and 24 are bottomed in the slots 27 and 28 and the pins 18 and 19 are likewise bottomed in the slots 16 and 17 and the level of ignition advance corresponds to the proper level for ease of engine starting. As soon as the engine has started and the speed has increased to and beyond the point P the initial tension of the springs will be overcome and the weights 4 and 5 will begin to swing outwardly. Due to the contour of the slots 27 and 28 during this initial movement of the weights, the plate 8 will move counterclockwise with respect to the plate 2, in the direction of ignition retardation, and at the same time, the contour of the inner portions of the slots 16 and 17 will impart a counterclockwise rotation of the plate 14 relative to the plate 8, in the direction of ignition retardation and the total retardation is the net retardation of the plate 14 as is represented by the line C in FIG. 4 until a maximum retardation is reached which, through proper contouring of the several slots may be made to manifest itself over some small range of increasing engine speed as shown in FIG. 4. Thereafter, increasing engine speed will continue the added swinging of the weights 4 and 5 and the contours of the slots 27 and 28 as for example in the region 26 of the slot 28 will now cause the plate 8 to rotate clockwise with respect to the plate 2 and will cause the plate 14 to rotate clockwise with respect to the plate 8, both movements in the direction of ignition advance so that the advance characteristic D and ultimately the characteristic E of FIG. 4 will be achieved upon increasing engine speed.

The above advance characteristics are due to the two different cam surfaces A and B in the shaft plate 2 as shown for the slot 27 in FIG. 3 (B of slot 27 corresponding to 26 of slot 28) and to the portions A and B of the slots 16 and 17 in the plate 14 as shown in FIG. 2. The different portions of the slots in each case having different directions to establish first counterclockwise relative rotations of the plates 8 and 14 followed by clockwise rotations of these plates.

Obviously, many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in the light of the above teachings.

What is claimed is:

1. An ignition distributor for internal combustion engines comprising, in combination,

a distributor shaft adapted to be driven by an internal combustion engine,

a control plate journalled on said shaft,

4 and centrifugal weight means for controlling said control plate rotationally with respect to said shaft, said centrifugal weight means comprising a centrifugal weight plate journalled on said shaft and a centrifugal weight pivotally mounted thereon, first cam means coupling said centrifugal plate to said shaft for rotating said centrifugal weight plate in one direction with respect to said shaft at successively first and second rates in response to pivotal motion of said weight, second cam means coupling said centrifugal weight to said control plate for rotating said control plate in the opposite direction at a third rate with respect to said shaft, said first and second rates being respectively greater and lesser than said third rate whereby outward pivoting of said centrifugal weight first causes lagging of said control plate with respect to said shaft and then leading of said control plate with respect to said shaft.

2. In the ignition distributor as defined in claim 1 wherein said third rate progressively increases as said centrifugal weight is pivoted outwardly.

3. An ignition distributor according to claim 1 wherein said means also includes a pin carried by said centrifugal weight, said control plate having a cam slot receiving said pin and having two different cam surfaces defined thereby.

4. The ignition distributor as defined in claim 1 wherein said means includes a fixed plate carried by said shaft for rotation therewith and disposed in spaced parallelism with said control plate, said centrifugal weight plate being disposed, between said fixed and control plates and in parallelism therewith, said fixed plate having first and second cam surfaces establishing said first and second rates and said control plate having a cam surface establishing said third rate, spring means normally urging said centrifugal weight'inwardly with respect to said shaft, and a pair of pins carried by said centrifugal weight for engaging the cam surfaces of said fixed and control plates.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,220,395 11/1965 Julian et al 123-4465 FOREIGN PATENTS 610,567 10/ 1948 Great Britain.

LAURENCE M. GOODRIDGE, Primary Examiner US. Cl. X.R.

US3482559A 1967-02-08 1968-02-05 Ignition distributor for internal combustion engines Expired - Lifetime US3482559A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR94151A FR1519700A (en) 1967-02-08 1967-02-08 Feed device centrifuged for internal combustion engine ignition distributor

Publications (1)

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US3482559A true US3482559A (en) 1969-12-09

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US3482559A Expired - Lifetime US3482559A (en) 1967-02-08 1968-02-05 Ignition distributor for internal combustion engines

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BE (1) BE708953A (en)
DE (1) DE1601426A1 (en)
FR (1) FR1519700A (en)
NL (1) NL6801427A (en)

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3578922A (en) * 1968-08-01 1971-05-18 Ducellier & Cie Ignition distributor
US3715528A (en) * 1970-07-10 1973-02-06 Ducellier & Cie Centrifugal advance device for an ignition distributor
US3776211A (en) * 1971-07-22 1973-12-04 Cragar Ind Inc Adjustable limit for the advance of an ignition distributor
US3964456A (en) * 1974-12-24 1976-06-22 Colt Industries Operating Corporation Ignition distributor
US4125103A (en) * 1977-01-07 1978-11-14 Jackson Charles D Breakerless ignition distributor for internal combustion engines
US4154201A (en) * 1977-02-18 1979-05-15 Toyota Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Ignition timing control device of an internal combustion engine with an auxiliary combustion chamber
US4183230A (en) * 1977-08-10 1980-01-15 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Centrifugal governor for engine ignition system
US4344397A (en) * 1979-05-05 1982-08-17 Volkswagenwerk Aktiengesellschaft Method for operation of a spark-ignited internal combustion engine and arrangement for execution of the method
DE3305459A1 (en) * 1982-02-17 1983-09-08 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Centrifugal ignition advancing device for distributors of internal-combustion engines
US4535737A (en) * 1983-02-18 1985-08-20 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Centrifugal spark-advance controlling device
US4955330A (en) * 1988-12-28 1990-09-11 Christian Fabi Cam drive mechanism for internal combustion engine
US5056479A (en) * 1989-11-30 1991-10-15 Atsugi Unidia Corporation Valve timing control device for internal combustion engine

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2439366C2 (en) * 1974-08-16 1982-10-14 Bayerische Motoren Werke Ag, 8000 Muenchen, De
FR2521644B1 (en) * 1982-02-17 1986-09-26 Ducellier & Cie Ignition distributor support shaft
FR2569777B1 (en) * 1984-08-30 1988-11-25 Ducellier & Cie Centrifugal advance device for engine ignition distributor internal combustion

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB610567A (en) * 1945-03-27 1948-10-18 Bendix Aviat Corp Improvements in ignition timing and like couplings
US3220395A (en) * 1964-03-23 1965-11-30 Gen Motors Corp Distributor having advance and retard control

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB610567A (en) * 1945-03-27 1948-10-18 Bendix Aviat Corp Improvements in ignition timing and like couplings
US3220395A (en) * 1964-03-23 1965-11-30 Gen Motors Corp Distributor having advance and retard control

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3578922A (en) * 1968-08-01 1971-05-18 Ducellier & Cie Ignition distributor
US3715528A (en) * 1970-07-10 1973-02-06 Ducellier & Cie Centrifugal advance device for an ignition distributor
US3776211A (en) * 1971-07-22 1973-12-04 Cragar Ind Inc Adjustable limit for the advance of an ignition distributor
US3964456A (en) * 1974-12-24 1976-06-22 Colt Industries Operating Corporation Ignition distributor
US4125103A (en) * 1977-01-07 1978-11-14 Jackson Charles D Breakerless ignition distributor for internal combustion engines
US4154201A (en) * 1977-02-18 1979-05-15 Toyota Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Ignition timing control device of an internal combustion engine with an auxiliary combustion chamber
US4183230A (en) * 1977-08-10 1980-01-15 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Centrifugal governor for engine ignition system
US4344397A (en) * 1979-05-05 1982-08-17 Volkswagenwerk Aktiengesellschaft Method for operation of a spark-ignited internal combustion engine and arrangement for execution of the method
DE3305459A1 (en) * 1982-02-17 1983-09-08 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Centrifugal ignition advancing device for distributors of internal-combustion engines
US4535737A (en) * 1983-02-18 1985-08-20 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Centrifugal spark-advance controlling device
US4955330A (en) * 1988-12-28 1990-09-11 Christian Fabi Cam drive mechanism for internal combustion engine
US5056479A (en) * 1989-11-30 1991-10-15 Atsugi Unidia Corporation Valve timing control device for internal combustion engine

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
FR1519700A (en) 1968-04-05 grant
BE708953A (en) 1968-05-16 grant
NL6801427A (en) 1968-08-09 application
DE1601426A1 (en) 1971-01-07 application

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