US3482390A - Thread covering machine - Google Patents

Thread covering machine Download PDF

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US3482390A
US3482390A US3482390DA US3482390A US 3482390 A US3482390 A US 3482390A US 3482390D A US3482390D A US 3482390DA US 3482390 A US3482390 A US 3482390A
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Prior art keywords
yarn
covered
yarns
tension
thread
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Bascum G Lesley
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Deering Milliken Research Corp
Milliken Research Corp
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Milliken Research Corp
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/22Yarns or threads characterised by constructional features, e.g. blending, filament/fibre
    • D02G3/32Elastic yarns or threads ; Production of plied or cored yarns, one of which is elastic
    • D02G3/322Elastic yarns or threads ; Production of plied or cored yarns, one of which is elastic using hollow spindles
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01HSPINNING OR TWISTING
    • D01H13/00Other common constructional features, details or accessories
    • D01H13/14Warning or safety devices, e.g. automatic fault detectors, stop motions; Monitoring the entanglement of slivers in drafting arrangements;
    • D01H13/16Warning or safety devices, e.g. automatic fault detectors, stop motions; Monitoring the entanglement of slivers in drafting arrangements; responsive to reduction in material tension, failure of supply, or breakage, of material

Description

Dec.'9. 1969 B. G. LESLEY 3,482,390
THREAD COVERING MACHINE Filed April 29, 1968 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 4o 48 L n 50 42 F/G. l-
INVENTOR. BASCUM G. LESLEY BY ATTORNEY Dec. 9, 1969 B. G. LESLEY THREAD COVERING MACHINE Filed April 29, 1968 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 uuulu 1 1 I 1 1 nnlr r IIIIIIIIIIIIIILILIJJ INVENTOR.
ATTO RN EY BASCUM G. LESLEYY United States Patent US. Cl. 57163 1 Claim ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE This invention is directed to a method of detecting a change in tension in a covered yarn or thread by comparing the position of the yarn or thread to a standard.
Machines to produce covered yarns or threads are well known in the industry especially machines to produce covered elastic thread by winding one or more covering threads about a tensioned elastic thread. In production, the covered elastic thread produced is taken up on a takeup roll which is delivered to the machine producing the fabric. In a number of cases either the elastic core yarn will break or one of the covering yarns will break and will not be detected by the operator. The covered yarn with the broken thread will then be introduced into the fabric and will not be detected until the fabric is finished, resulting in a fabric which will be classified as seconds. Further, if Lycra or similar elastic yarn is used as a core yarn and one of the covering yarns break there is a decided loss of revenue because of the high cost of Lycra yarn relative to the overall production cost of the fabric.
It is therefore an object of the invention to provide a method of detecting a change in tension of a covered elastic yarn.
A second object of the invention is to provide a method of detecting a break in one or more yarns of a covered elastic yarn.
A still further object of the invention is to provide a method of comparing the tension of a covered elastic yarn against a standard to detect unusual variations in the tension of the covered yarn being produced.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will be clearly apparent as the specification proceeds to describe the invention with reference to the accompanying drawing in which:
FIGURE 1 is a schematic representation of one position of a thread covering machine;
FIGURE 2 shows the position of a covered yarn when one of the covering yarns breaks;
FIGURE 3 shows the position of a covered yarn when the core yarn breaks;
FIGURE 4 shows the position of the covered yarn when the overall tension is too low; and
FIGURE 5 shows the position of the covered yarn when the overall tension is too high.
Looking now to the drawing and especially FIGURE 1, one opposition of a thread covering machine 11 is shown. It should be kept in mind that a multiplicity of positions 10 will supply covered yarn to a single take-up roll 12. For the sake of illustration only one position has been shown, but in normal operation a plurality of identical positions will supply covered yarn to the take-up roll 12.
In the preferred form of the invention the elastic core yarn 14 is Lycra but other elastic core yarns such as rubber, etc., can be used within the scope of the invention. The elastic core yarn 14 is supplied to the nip of rolls 16 and 18 from a package 20 in contact with surface drive roll 22. Preferably the elastic core yarn 14 will be provided with a double wrap of yarn, which in the preferred form of the invention is nylon. To provide this double wrap or cover for the elastic core there is provided two spindles 24 and 26 on which is mounted packages of nylon 28 and 30, respectively. Each of the spindles has a tubular hollow center post for the passage of the core yarn centrally therethrough,
Spindles 28 and 30 are driven by conventional means, such as drive tapes 32 and 34, in a direction opposite to each other as indicated by arrows so that as the elastic core yarn passes through the lower spindle 28 nylon is wrapped therearound in one direction. Then, the once wrapped thread 36 passes through the tubular center post of the spindle 30 and upon exit therefrom a second wrap or covering of nylon is wrapped therearound in a direction opposite to the first wrap providing an elastic yarn or thread 38 which has an elastic core with a double wrapping of yarn thereabout to provide good cover.
In prior art thread covering machines, such as that shown in US. Patent No. 2,276,797, the covered yarn or thread would be guided directly to the take-up roll 12 thereby leaving very little time for inspection of the yarn 38. In my apparatus, to provide suflicient time for inspection of the covered yarn 38 from each of the positions 10, the covered yarn 38 from the top spindle 30 is threaded through a pig tail guide 40 and guided in an elongated path across the length of the machine 11 to an idler roll 42 through a separator 44. The separator 44 consists of an elongated member with a plurality of bars vertically mounted therein to form separate compartments for each covered yarn to maintain separation of each of the yarns.
Mounted on top of the thread covering machine is an upright post 46 which has an inspection area 48 marked thereon. From the idler roll 42 the covered yarn is delivered across the full length of the thread covering machine'to the take-up roll 12 past the upright post 46. In the preferred form of the invention two separated pairs of driven nip rolls 50 and 52 are used to control the tension of the covered yarn and deliver the yarn to the takeup roll 12 from the idler roll 42. If desired only one set of driven nip rolls can be used but it is felt that two sets of rolls perform a more eificient operation. From the idler roll 42 to the take-up roll the covered yarns each pass through one compartment of the separator 44 to maintain separation between each covered yarn.
For each covered yarn there is a desired tension to be maintained. This tension is controlled by adjusting the speed of the nip rolls 50 and 52. To ascertain whether proper tension is being maintained the speed of nip rolls 50 and 52 is correlated with the position of the upright post so that when the yarn 38 has the correct tension therein the position of the covered yarn 38 relative to the post 46 will be substantially in the center of the mark 48. This position is considered the correct running position of the covered yarn.
As pointed out above the correct tension in the covered yarn 38 is indicated when the yarn is running substantially in the center of the mark 48 as indicated in FIG- URE 1. Also, as previously discussed a plurality of yarn ends are running simultaneously and are being taken up on the same take-up 12 so that each of these yarns is substantially parallel between the nip rolls 50 and the take-up roll 12.
The preferred disclosed system is a manual inspection by the operator. The operator will watch the upright post 46 to observe any change in position of the covered yarns relative to the mark 48. If either or both of the covering yarns should break the tension of the elastic core yarn will pull the covered yarn up to the position indicated in FIGURE 2. The operator will observe this change and either stop the respective spindle position or mark the broken yarn on the take-up package. Similarly, if the clas- 3 tic core yarn should break the covered yarn 38 will drop below the mark 48, as shown in FIGURE 3, since the elastic core yarn was under greater tension than the covering yarns. Again, this change will be noticed by the operator and the operator can take the necessary corrective measures.
FIGURES 4 and 5, respectively, indicate positions of the covered yarn when the tension therein is either too low or too high. When either of these conditions is noticed by the operator, the operator can adjust the speed of either or both sets of the nip rolls 50 and 52 to correct the tension in the covered yarn or yarns.
The preferred and simplest use of the device is in the form described above but it is obvious that the method disclosed could readily be automated by the use of automatic controls such as a photoelectric device to scan the covered yarns and initiate automatically corrective action when a change in the yarn position occurs. Such automatic controls and devices can readily be employed by a person versed in the art.
The herein disclosed method of detecting variations in me tension of covered yarns on a thread covering machine is simple, efficient and reliable in operation.
Although I have described in detail the preferred embodiment of my invention, it is contemplated that many changes may be made without departing from the scope or spirit of my invention.
That which is claimed is:
1. A method to produce covered elastic core yarns and to detect variations in the tension thereof comprising the steps of: supplying a plurality of elastic yarns, wrapping another yarn around each of said elastic yarns, directing the wrapped yarns over a first elongated path in one direction, reversing the path of said wrapped yarns, passing said wrapped yarns in said reversed path through the nips of two pairs of spaced rolls, maintaining said wrapped yarns spaced from one another between said pairs of rolls, adjusting the speed of said pairs of rolls to provide a predetermined tension in said wrapped yarns, comparing the position of said tensioned wrapped yarns to a standard to detect variations in the tension of any of said wrapped yarns and taking up said wrapped yarns after the inspection thereof.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,748,119 2/1930 Firtion 57--18 2,566,848 9/1951 Morton 242 3,098,347 7/1963 Smith 57--163 XR 3,124,924 3/1964 Smith 57-163 XR 3,258,212 6/1966 La Tour 242- 3,387,451 6/1968 Cape et al 57163 3,350,867 11/1967 Morrison et a1. 57-163 XR 2,690,047 9/ 1954 Long 57--163 DONALD E. WATKINS, Primary Examiner US. Cl. X.R. 57-106
US3482390D 1968-04-29 1968-04-29 Thread covering machine Expired - Lifetime US3482390A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4489541A (en) * 1983-06-20 1984-12-25 Southern Elastic Corporation Yarn package and apparatus for winding covered yarn
WO2018044335A1 (en) * 2016-09-01 2018-03-08 Olah Inc. Yarn and method of manufacturing thereof

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1748119A (en) * 1928-05-02 1930-02-25 Harold L Firtion Winder
US2566848A (en) * 1947-09-23 1951-09-04 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Wire winding and tensioning device
US2690047A (en) * 1952-01-23 1954-09-28 American Viscose Corp Winding elastic thread
US3098347A (en) * 1962-03-20 1963-07-23 Parayarn Eiastic Co Elastic yarn and method of making the same
US3124924A (en) * 1964-03-17 System and apparatus for making elastic yarn
US3258212A (en) * 1963-11-18 1966-06-28 Armco Steel Corp Method and apparatus for accumulating metallic strip and the like
US3350867A (en) * 1965-08-24 1967-11-07 Burlington Industries Inc Process and apparatus for making a novelty yarn
US3387451A (en) * 1967-02-27 1968-06-11 Chadbourn Gotham Inc Covered stretch yarn and method for producing

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3124924A (en) * 1964-03-17 System and apparatus for making elastic yarn
US1748119A (en) * 1928-05-02 1930-02-25 Harold L Firtion Winder
US2566848A (en) * 1947-09-23 1951-09-04 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Wire winding and tensioning device
US2690047A (en) * 1952-01-23 1954-09-28 American Viscose Corp Winding elastic thread
US3098347A (en) * 1962-03-20 1963-07-23 Parayarn Eiastic Co Elastic yarn and method of making the same
US3258212A (en) * 1963-11-18 1966-06-28 Armco Steel Corp Method and apparatus for accumulating metallic strip and the like
US3350867A (en) * 1965-08-24 1967-11-07 Burlington Industries Inc Process and apparatus for making a novelty yarn
US3387451A (en) * 1967-02-27 1968-06-11 Chadbourn Gotham Inc Covered stretch yarn and method for producing

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4489541A (en) * 1983-06-20 1984-12-25 Southern Elastic Corporation Yarn package and apparatus for winding covered yarn
WO2018044335A1 (en) * 2016-09-01 2018-03-08 Olah Inc. Yarn and method of manufacturing thereof

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