US3477446A - Hair-treating method and apparatus - Google Patents

Hair-treating method and apparatus Download PDF

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US3477446A
US3477446A US3477446DA US3477446A US 3477446 A US3477446 A US 3477446A US 3477446D A US3477446D A US 3477446DA US 3477446 A US3477446 A US 3477446A
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hair
cap
apparatus
withdrawal
hook
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Gabriel J Terrenzio
Margaret Westbrook
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Gabriel J Terrenzio
Margaret Westbrook
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45DHAIRDRESSING OR SHAVING EQUIPMENT; MANICURING OR OTHER COSMETIC TREATMENT
    • A45D19/00Devices for washing the hair or the scalp; Similar devices for colouring the hair
    • A45D19/18Hair-colouring caps

Description

Nov. 11, 1969 G-J.TERRENZ|O ETAL 77,

HAIR'TREA'I'ING METHOD AND APPARATUS Filed March 22. 1967 lNVENTORS GABRIEL J. TERRENZIO MARGARET WESTBROQK BY W A. m

ATTORNEY.

United States Patent 3,477,446 HAIR-TREATING METHOD AND APPARATUS Gabriel J. Terrenzio, 158 York Road, and Margaret Westbrook, 411 Maple Ave., both of Warminster, Pa. 18974 Filed Mar. 22, 1967, Ser. No. 625,252 Int. Cl. A45d 7/00 US. Cl. 132-7 6 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE The instant invention embraces a novel apparatus and method wherein an elastic cap having a plurality of hooked members extending therethrough is applied to a subjects hair to engage the hooked members with locks of hair, after which the hooked members are withdrawn through the cap to withdraw the engaged hair locks.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION As is well known to those versed in the art of hairdressing, it is presently very popular to frost the hair. This consists of dyeing or bleaching spaced locks of hair to provide an attractive frosted effect. Heretofore the frosting operation has required the tedious insertion of a crochet needle through holes in a frosting cap to hook a lock of hair and withdraw the latter outward through the cap, after which bleach or dye is applied to the with drawn lock, This procedure is extremely slow, often painful to the subject, requiring a high order of skill and dexterity of the operator, and consequently being relatively expensive to the customer.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is an important object of the present invention to provide a unique hair-treating apparatus or appliance for use in frosting the hair, which is extremely simple in construction, and which affords a highly improved method of hair-treating or frosting which effects very great saving in time and may be performed by persons of only average skill and without experience.

It is still another object of the present invention to provide a unique hair-frosting apparatus and method wherein a person may frost her own hair, without assistance, and which effects considerable savings in time and money.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIGURE 1 is a perspective view illustrating the apparatus of the present invention in position on a subjects head;

FIGURE 2 is a sectional view taken generally along the line 2-2 of FIGURE 1 at an early stage of the instant method;

FIGURE 3 is a sectional view similar to FIGURE 2, but at a slightly later stage in the instant method; and

FIGURE 4 is a sectional view similar to FIGURES 2 and 3, but at a still later stage of the instant method.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring now more particularly to the drawings, and specifically to FIGURE 1 thereof, a subjects head is there generally designated 10, and the subjects hair on the head is generally designated 11. A cap is generally designated 12, and shown in position on the head substantially completely covering the hair 11. The cap 12 is advantageously fabricated of elastic sheet material, such as a high-quality gum rubber, or other suitable elastic material, and may generally assume the configuration of a bathing cap.

'ice

Extending through the elastic sheet material of cap 12 are a plurality of hair-Withdrawal devices, each generally designated 15. The hair-Withdrawal devices may each be fabricated of relatively stiif material, such as metal or plastic, including a shank 16 having On one end a hook 17, and on its other end an eye or loop 18. The hair-withdrawal devices 15 may each be integrally formed, as by die-casting or plastic-molding, for economy.

The hooks 17 may be similar in size and character to that of a crocket-needle hook, and opens or faces inward toward the shank 16 and loop 18. The loop 18 provides a finger pull, and may be a closed eye for receiving a finger, for purposes appearing presently.

The shank 16 may be formed with an annular enlargement or shoulder 19, and in initial assembly of the apparatus, the hair-withdrawal elements 15 are each inserted through the sheet material of cap 12 to a condition shown in FIGURE 2. That, is the hook 17 of each hair-withdrawal element 15 is forcibly inserted. through the elastic sheet material of cap 12, as by puncturing and elastically distending the latter, up to a location short of the shoulder 19. As illustrated, the sheet material of cap 12 is interposed between the hook 17 and shoulder 19, and the hook shank is snugly engaged by the elastic cap material.

With a plurality of hair-withdrawal devices 15 thus mounted in the sheet material of the cap 12, the cap is placed over the head 10 of a user. As will appear, the user may perform the various functions herself, so that the apparatus and method of the present invention may be practiced at home by persons of only average skill.

With the cap 12 in position over the hair 11 and head 10 of the user, or during the placement of the cap in position, the cap is advantageously moved, shifted or twisted, say in the direction of arrow 20. Ths causes the hooks 17 of the several hair-withdrawal devices 15 to engage, receive or hook onto respective locks of hair, a hooked hair lock being shown at 21 in FIGURE 3. That is, all of the hair-withdrawal devices 15 will be simultaneously hooked onto locks of hair by the above-described capshifting movement, or during placement of the cap on the head.

Following the above, the several hair-withdrawal elements 1-5 are individually removed outward through the cap 12, which effects withdrawal through the cap of the engaged locks 21 of hair. This condition is shown in FIG- URE 4, a hair look 21 having been withdrawn through the cap 12 and extending exteriorly thereof, while being snugly engaged by the material of the cap at the location of its passage through the cap.

This operation is repeated with all of the hair-Withdrawal devices 15, it being necessary only to pass a finger through the loop 18 and pull the hook 17 and received hair lock 21 exteriorly of the cap.

The several hair-withdrawal pieces 15 may then be separated from the hair locks 21, and the latter treated, as by bleaching, dyeing or otherwise, exteriorly of the cap. As the several hair locks 21 pass snugly through the cap 12, it will be appreciated that the hair remaining under the cap is effectively protected from the treatment applied. At the conclusion of treatment, the cap is removed, and the several hair-withdrawal devices 15 may be reinserted for subsequent use of the apparatus.

From the foregoing, it is seen that the present invention provides an apparatus and method for treatment of the hair which fully accomplish their intended objects and are well adapted to meet practical conditions of manufacture and use.

Although the present invention has been described in some detail by way of illustration and example for purposes of clarity of understanding, it is understood that certain changes and modifications may be made within the spirit of the invention and scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. Hair-treating apparatus comprising an elastic cap for snug engagement over the hair and head of a user, a plurality of hair-withdrawing devices extending removably through said cap at spaced locations thereof, the elastic snug fitting relation of cap to the users head urging the hair-withdrawal devices into the users hair, a hook on the inner each of each hair-withdrawal device for receiving a lock of hair upon shifting movement of the cap and withdrawal devices on the Wearers head, and finger-pull means on the outer end of each hair-withdrawal device for manually removing the latter from the cap to withdraw a lock of hair.

2. Hair-treating apparatus according to claim 1, said hair-withdrawal device extending snugly through said cap and being removably retained therein by the elasticity of said cap.

3. Hair-treating apparatus according to claim 1, in combination with an enlargement on each of said hair-withdrawal devices spaced from said hook, said enlargement and hook serving to limit the movement of each hairwithdrawal device relative to said cap.

4. Hair-treating apparatus according to claim 1, said finger-pull means comprising a finger-receiving loop.

5. In the method of treating hair, the steps which comprise: providing an elastic cap having a plurality of hairwithdrawal devices extending through said cap at spaced locations thereof with hooked ends on the inner side of the cap, placing the elastic cap in snug relation on a subjects head with the hooked ends urged into the subjects hair, moving the cap on the subjects head to hook locks of hair with the hooked ends, and removing the hairwithdrawal devices outwardly from the cap to withdraw locks of hair through the cap.

6. The method-of treating hair according to claim '5, further characterized in applying a treating liquid to the withdrawn hair locks exteriorly of the cap.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,957,480 10/1960 Widolf et a1. 132-7 3,270,753 9/1966 Cook et al 1329 ROBERT PESHOCK, Primary Examiner G. E. McNEILL, Assistant Examiner

US3477446D 1967-03-22 1967-03-22 Hair-treating method and apparatus Expired - Lifetime US3477446A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5018542A (en) * 1990-04-26 1991-05-28 Lee Peter M Instrument for selectivity separating strands of hair
US5024244A (en) * 1989-12-19 1991-06-18 Brown Kathleen L Adjustable scalp protection for hair discoloration
DE19632433A1 (en) * 1996-08-12 1998-02-19 Gerda Marie Schmelzer Device for selective treatment of hair, e.g. for dying or highlighting hair
US5915393A (en) * 1998-08-17 1999-06-29 Devenuto; Lisa Apparatus and method for preparing hair for a highlighting procedure
ES2190333A1 (en) * 2001-04-17 2003-07-16 Serrano Inmaculada Camacho Procedure for creating highlights to hair
USD814109S1 (en) * 2016-09-15 2018-03-27 Sylvia Christina Gordon Honeycomb hair dome

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2957480A (en) * 1957-12-11 1960-10-25 Aldan Sundries Inc Hair treating method and apparatus
US3270753A (en) * 1963-03-04 1966-09-06 Loveda Cook Apparatus for selectively treating hair

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2957480A (en) * 1957-12-11 1960-10-25 Aldan Sundries Inc Hair treating method and apparatus
US3270753A (en) * 1963-03-04 1966-09-06 Loveda Cook Apparatus for selectively treating hair

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5024244A (en) * 1989-12-19 1991-06-18 Brown Kathleen L Adjustable scalp protection for hair discoloration
US5018542A (en) * 1990-04-26 1991-05-28 Lee Peter M Instrument for selectivity separating strands of hair
DE19632433A1 (en) * 1996-08-12 1998-02-19 Gerda Marie Schmelzer Device for selective treatment of hair, e.g. for dying or highlighting hair
US5915393A (en) * 1998-08-17 1999-06-29 Devenuto; Lisa Apparatus and method for preparing hair for a highlighting procedure
ES2190333A1 (en) * 2001-04-17 2003-07-16 Serrano Inmaculada Camacho Procedure for creating highlights to hair
USD814109S1 (en) * 2016-09-15 2018-03-27 Sylvia Christina Gordon Honeycomb hair dome

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