US3464514A - Loudspeaker - Google Patents

Loudspeaker Download PDF

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Publication number
US3464514A
US3464514A US670045A US3464514DA US3464514A US 3464514 A US3464514 A US 3464514A US 670045 A US670045 A US 670045A US 3464514D A US3464514D A US 3464514DA US 3464514 A US3464514 A US 3464514A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
diaphragm
loudspeaker
sound
periphery
ribs
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US670045A
Inventor
Yasunori Mochida
Ikuji Kurokawa
Kazukiyo Ishimura
Hiromi Sotome
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nippon Gakki Co Ltd
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Nippon Gakki Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP3178766 priority Critical
Priority to JP2474566 priority
Priority to JP2474666 priority
Priority to JP4106566U priority patent/JPS4427432Y1/ja
Priority to JP6461866U priority patent/JPS459353Y1/ja
Priority to JP7254766 priority
Application filed by Nippon Gakki Co Ltd filed Critical Nippon Gakki Co Ltd
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3464514A publication Critical patent/US3464514A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R7/00Diaphragms for electromechanical transducers; Cones
    • H04R7/02Diaphragms for electromechanical transducers; Cones characterised by the construction
    • H04R7/04Plane diaphragms
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R7/00Diaphragms for electromechanical transducers; Cones
    • H04R7/02Diaphragms for electromechanical transducers; Cones characterised by the construction
    • H04R7/04Plane diaphragms
    • H04R7/06Plane diaphragms comprising a plurality of sections or layers
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04RLOUDSPEAKERS, MICROPHONES, GRAMOPHONE PICK-UPS OR LIKE ACOUSTIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCERS; DEAF-AID SETS; PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEMS
    • H04R7/00Diaphragms for electromechanical transducers; Cones
    • H04R7/02Diaphragms for electromechanical transducers; Cones characterised by the construction
    • H04R7/12Non-planar diaphragms or cones

Description

Sept. 2, 1969 YAsuNoRl MocHlDA Erm. 3,464,514 I LOUDSPEAKER 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 `Filed Sept. 25, 1967 FIG. 1`

INVENTORS B '51 M WM Kw W om, R A al, Km H. IIMIMJ www mw H a. lw/ um Mm (v WHT. B

3,464,514 LOUDSPEAKER Yasunori Mochida, Ikuji Kurokawa, Kazukiyo Ishimura,

and Hiromi Sotome, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka, Japan, assignors to Nippon Gakki Co., Ltd., Hamamatsu, Shizuoka, Japan Filed Sept. 25, 1967, Ser. No. 670,045 'Claims priority, application Japan, Nov. 2, 1966, 41/ 72,547 Int. Cl. Gk 13/00; H041 7/161 U.S. Cl. 181-32 8 Claims ABSTRACT 0F THE DISCLOSURE A loudspeaker which comprises a diaphragm of a substantially flat plate made of foamed resin having substantial surface area, which diaphragm is clamped to its periphery on a frame, so that the periphery is prevented from forward and backward reciprocating movement, and adapted to be driven by a driving means substantially at the center. Said diaphragm has an asymmetric lshape in elevatio-n and a conical shape in section around the driven area, said conical shape having a curved generatrix gradually increasing its inclination toward the center of said driven area. Radial ribs are formed on said diaphragm `around 4said ldriven area and have curved form.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Field of the invention The present invention relates to a loudspeaker and, particularly, -a loudspeaker which can produce a wide range of sounds from low frequency to high frequency by a singe diaphragm with high eiciency and with Ia multiresonance characteristic, which is particularly suitable for musical instruments.

Description of the prior -art An electric or electronic musical instrument employs a loudspeaker as sound producing means. Heretofore, a special loudspeaker has been designed for the musical instrument, and, consequently, the loudspeaker of general type designed for usual sound instruments such as radio receiver, gramophone or the like has been employed in the musical instrument which has similar function to that of the usual sound instrument.

A conventional cone-type loudspeaker generally used in sound instruments is so designed that its diaphragm makes a piston motion or overall reciprocating motion to obtain wide and at frequency characteristic to produce sound ou-tput with high fidelity. If a single loudspeaker cannot cover the frequency range to be reproduced, a set of loudspeakers may be employed to cover the respective ranges of frequency. A flat-plate type loudspeaker using la relatively large and substantially flat plate of foamed resin, which has been recently developed, is designed fundamentally on the same technical consideration so as to obtain characteristic similar .to that of the cone-type loudspeaker. The above-mentioned loudspeakers lare suitfable for sound reproducing means of the usual sound instruments but not suitable for sound producing means of the musical instruments.

Generally speaking, the sound of the musical instruments is required .to have complexity and variety from fthe viewpoint of beautifulness `and richness of sound, but an electronic musical instrument `contains only a limited number of sound sources (tone generators) from the economical point of view, so that it can produce only simple and unsatisfactory sounds peculiar .to electric or electronic `musical instruments if it faithfully transduces United States Patent O icc the electric signals produced by the sound sources into audible sounds. In contrast, a sound producing means of a musical instrument which is considered to produce beautiful sounds, such as a sound board of piano or a sound box of violin, has a multi-resonance characteristic and is an efficient sound radiator, so that it is not a simple transducer for transducing the vibration of the strings faithfully into sounds but a sound generating means which is excited by :the vibration of the strings to make vibration with its own characteristic to create and radiate sounds.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION We have made researches on the improvement of the sounds to be produced by the electronic musical instru ments and found that the loudspeaker for the electronic musical instrument is to be designed to have characteristics peculiar to the musical instruments, -independently of the design ofthe conventional loudspeaker.

The present invention is based on 4the concept of creating sounds by the loudspeaker under the excitation of electrical signals .according to the sound generating principle of the general musical linstruments and utilizing the Imulti-resonance characteristic of the diaphragm, rather than faithfully transducing the electric signals into sounds.

It is a main object of the present invention -to provide a loudspeaker particularly suitable for musical instruments in which a diaphragm is forced to make flexural vibration in order to obtain a multi-resonance characteristic, according to `the above-mentioned concept.

It is an object of the present invention to provide, a loudspeaker of :the above type in which means are provided to suppress the occurrence of excessive resonances at particular frequencies.

It is another object of the pre-sent invention to provide a loudspeaker of the above ltype which can eiciently produce a wide range of sounds from low frequency to high frequency.

According to the present invention, there is provided a loudspeaker comprising a diaphragm made of a substantially at plate made of foamed resin having substantial surface area, which diaphragm is clamped at its periphery on a frame, so that the periphery is prevented from forward and backward reciprocating movement, and adapted to be driven by a driving means substantially at the center, said diaphragm having an asymmetric shape in elevation and a conical shape in section around the driven area, said conical shape having a curved gen eratrix gradually increasing its inclination toward the center of said driven area, and radial ribs being formed on said diaphragm around said driven area and having curve form. Thus, owing to the clamping of the periphery of the diaphragm, the loudspeaker of the present invention produces flexural vibration of the diaphragm with a multi-resonance characteristic. Also, due to the asymmetric form in elevation of the diaphragm and the provision of the curved ribs radially arranged around the center, the resonances are so controlled that they appear with moderate level at many frequencies of the frequency characteristic curve of the diaphragm, without giving rise to concentration of resonances at certain particular frequencies with extreme level, by the degeneration of modes. Furthermore, due to the construction of the diaphragm in which it is driven substantially atthe center and is formed in conical shape around the driven area the generatrix of which is curved and gradually increases its inclination toward the center, together with the asymmetric formation of the diaphragm and the provision of the ribs as mentioned above, the loudspeaker according to the present invention increases the efficiency over the wide range from low frequency to highfrequency. These features of the present invention coutribute to provide a loudspeaker particularly suitable for musical instruments.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The drawings illustrate an embodiment of the present invention: in which:

FIG. 1 is a front elevation4 of the loudspeaker according to the present invention; FIG. 2 is a rear elevation of the loudspeaker as shown in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a section of line III-I'II in FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is an enlarged sectional view of the mounting portion of the periphery of the diaphragm;

FIG. 5 is an enlarged sectional view of the driven area of the diaphragm; and

FIG. 6 is an enlarged sectional view on line VI-VI in FIG. 2.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Now the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings. FIGS. 1-3 show an embodiment of the invention, in which 1 is a diaphragm, 2 is a frame, 3 is a driving means, 4 is a thin packing, 5 is a voice coil, 6 is a damper, 7 is a cap, 8 is an adapter, and 9 is a terminal. The diaphragm 1 is made of foamed resin, such as foamed polystyrene, `having light weight and high rigidity. The diaphragm may be made of other material, such as,polyvinyl chloride, polyethylene, polyamide, polyurethane, polycarbonate, polypropylene, polyacetal, acrylic resin and ABS resin (acrylonitrile/butadiene/styrene copolymer). The diaphragm 1 is clamped at the periphery thereof so that the periphery is prevented lfrom forward and backward reciprocating movement, by fixedly holding the periphery to the frame 2 by means of a tapping screw 22 through a gasket 21. The diaphragm 1, when driven by the driving means 3 mounted on the frame 2, makes a flexural movement rather than a piston motion or overall reciprocating motion, whereby the mechanical resonance characteristic is used to produce sounds. (High eiciency of low frequency sound can be obtained by driving the central area 11 of the diaphragm 1, as shown.) That is, the diaphragm 1 does not serve as a simple transducer -for converting electric signals into sounds, but as a sound producing means which vibrates with its own vibration characteristics in the form of a plate clamped at the periphery thereof, under the excitation of electric signals and radiates the sounds created thereby. By providing the thin packings 4, such as adhesive tapes of foamed elastic material, between the diaphragm 1 and the frame 2 and between the diaphragm 1 and the gasket 21, the bending stress at the periphery of the diaphragm is reduced and the durability of the diaphragm is increased. If the adhesive tape is used as the packing 4, the diaphragm 1 and the frame 2 can be fixed together thereby, preventing the occurrence of noise due to abnormal trembling of the diaphragm or air passing through the narrow space around the periphery of the diaphragm.

It will be understood from the above description that the sound particularly suitable for the musical instruments can be obtained by clamping the periphery of the diaphragm 1 and driving the central area 11 to produce flexural movement of the diaphragm, but there remains a problem of the undesirable occurrence of extreme peaks and dips in the output frequency characteristic curve of the loudspeaker. In a diaphrgam of normal shape such as rectangular shape, Vibration mode trisecting the diaphragm, namely, third-order vibration mode occurs. When there are two sides which are both straight and confronting with each other, higher-order vibration'mode occurs f due to the standing waves produced by the reflection from the confronting sides, thus producing eXtreme peaks and dips in the frequency characteristic curve. The present invention overcomes such problem by forming the diaphragm in an asymmetric shape, such as elliptical shape or oval shape partly convexed inward. In such asymmetric shape, the third-order vibration mode assumes a distorted shape so that the Vibration mode is not clearly established and particularly the mode portions at the opposite ends assume different shapes so that resonance and antiresonance at the frequencies thereof decrease remarkably. Furthermore, the geometric form of this diaphragm is defined by an irregular curve and does not have parallel confronting sides, so that standing waves do not appear.

The present invention includes a further feature as hereinafter described. The dr-iven area 11 of the diaphragm 1 is constructed as shown in FIG. 5, in which the driving means 3 is mounted on the frame 2 through the adapter 8 and a winding 51 of the voice coil 5 is positioned in a gap between a center pole 32 in front of the magnet 31 and an outer pole 33 and a damper is connected between the outside surface of a bobbin 52 and the adapter 8. The front surface of the voice coil 5 is covered by a cap 7. The input terminals 9 (one of which is shown in FIG. 5) are connected to the winding 51 of the voice coil through lead wires 91 passing the central conical portion of the diaphragm and flexible wires 92. The driven area 11 including the voice coil 5 is arranged substantially at the center of gravity of the diaphragm. During the driving of the diaphragm by the driving means 3, if the driven area 11 is positioned at the center of the diaphragm, the radiation efcieucy of the low frequency sound is relatively high but the radiation efficiency of the medium and high frequency sound is relatively low in the conventional loudspeaker having the uniformly flat diaphragm. The present invention overcomes this problem by increasing the rigidity of the driven area of the diaphragm to increase the radiation efficiency of the medium and high frequency sound. For this purpose the driven area is formed in the conical shape having the curved generatrix increasing its inclination toward the center so that the rigidity increases gradually toward the center whereby the effective driven area is decreased and the driven mass is decreased as the frequency is increased.

Further in accordance with present invention, ribs 12 and 13 are formed on the rear surface of the diaphragm 1 as shown in FIG. 2. These ribs are arranged radially around the driven area 11 to improve the propagation of the vibration of the medium and high frequencies and suppress the extreme resonance owing to the flexural movement of the diaphragm. By the provision of the radial ribs 12 and 13, the propagation of the vibration of the medium and high frequencies in the diaphragm from the driven area to the periphery is improved, while the radiation efficiency of the low frequency sound is not decreased since the rigidity of the diaphragm is decreased toward the periphery thereof. The ribs are curved, so that the rigidity of the diaphragm in the circumferential direction is increased and the asymmetricity of the diaphragm is further increased, thereby suppressing the occurrence of the excessive vibration mode. In the embodiment as shown in FIG. 6, the ribs are formed integrally with the diaphragm 1, but the ribs may be formed of separate material such as aluminum sheet, paper or the like which are adhered on the material of the diaphragm. In the form as shown, the wider and longer rib 12 is disposed at the point where the third-order vibration mode is largely affected by the rib. The curvatures of the respective ribs are different. By changing the construction, the curvature and/or the number of the rigs, the occurrence of the vibration mode is changed and the frequency characteristic can be controlled according to the design.

Although the form as shown in the drawings is not limited to any specific dimensions, a satisfactory result has been obtained with the following dimensions:

The diaphragm 1:

Material (foamed polystyrene) From the above description it will be understood that the loudspeaker according to the present invention produces sounds by the flexural movement of the diaphragm which movement is suitably suppressed to obtain the optimum peaks and dips in the frequency characteristic and good radiation efliciency throughout the whole range of low frequency to high frequency sounds. Thus the present invention provides a loudspeaker which produces beautiful sound suitable for the musical instruments with high efficiency.

We claim:

1. A loudspeaker comprising a diaphragm of a substantially fiat plate made of resin having substantial surface area, which diaphragm is clamped at its periphery on a frame and adapted to be driven by a driving means substantially at the center, said diaphragm having an asymmetric shape in elevation and a conical shape in section around the `driven area, said conical shape having a curved generatrix gradually increasing its inclination toward the center of said driven area, and radial curved ribs having different respective curvatures formed on said diaphragm around said driven area.

2. A loudspeaker according to claim 1, wherein said diaphragm is of foamed resin.

3. A loudspeaker according to claim 1, wherein said ribs are integral with said diaphragm.

4. A loudspeaker accord-ing to claim 1, wherein said ribs are of metal.

5. A loudspeaker according to claim 4, wherein said ribs are of aluminum adhered to said diaphragm.

`6. A loudspeaker according to claim 1, wherein said ribs are of paper.

7. A loudspeaker according to claim 1, wherein a packing of elastic material is provided between said diaphragm and said frame.

8. A loudspeaker according to claim 7, wherein said packing is adhesive.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,990,409 2/ 1935 Lawrance 181-32 2,716,462 8/ 1955 Brennan 181--32 2,905,260 9/ 1959 Williams 181--32 3,180,945 4/1965 Suzuki 179--115 3,247,925 4/ 1966 Warnaka 181-32 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,003,608 9/ 1965 Great Britain.

STEPHEN J. TOMSKY, Primary Examiner

US670045A 1966-04-06 1967-09-25 Loudspeaker Expired - Lifetime US3464514A (en)

Priority Applications (6)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP3178766 1966-04-06
JP2474566 1966-04-19
JP2474666 1966-04-19
JP4106566U JPS4427432Y1 (en) 1966-05-03 1966-05-03
JP6461866U JPS459353Y1 (en) 1966-07-07 1966-07-07
JP7254766 1966-11-02

Publications (1)

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US3464514A true US3464514A (en) 1969-09-02

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US670045A Expired - Lifetime US3464514A (en) 1966-04-06 1967-09-25 Loudspeaker

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US (1) US3464514A (en)
AT (1) AT301644B (en)
DE (1) DE1299041B (en)
FR (1) FR1517610A (en)
GB (1) GB1186722A (en)
NL (1) NL144117B (en)
NO (1) NO119596B (en)
SE (1) SE342962B (en)

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3979566A (en) * 1973-12-12 1976-09-07 Erazm Alfred Willy Electromagnetic transducer
US4003449A (en) * 1974-11-28 1977-01-18 Jose Juan Bertagni Planar diaphragm
FR2345048A1 (en) * 1976-03-19 1977-10-14 Harwood Hugh electro-acoustic transducer membrane
US4323737A (en) * 1979-06-30 1982-04-06 Pioneer Electronic Corporation Driver unit for planar diaphragm type loudspeaker
US4581496A (en) * 1979-09-04 1986-04-08 Emhart Industries, Inc. Diaphragm for attenuating harmonic response in an electroacoustic transducer
US4761817A (en) * 1986-01-27 1988-08-02 Harman International Industries, Incorporated Diaphragm structure for a transducer
US20040125980A1 (en) * 2002-12-31 2004-07-01 Turnmire Patrick M. Electromagnetic transducer with asymmetric diaphragm
EP1665883A1 (en) * 2003-09-18 2006-06-07 John M. Norton Audio loudspeaker enclosure
KR100842606B1 (en) * 2002-04-12 2008-07-01 엘지전자 주식회사 streamlinedlow distortion diaphragm loud speaker
US20090038878A1 (en) * 2007-08-10 2009-02-12 Victor Company Of Japan, Limited Acoustic diaphragm and speaker
US20150003646A1 (en) * 2012-09-26 2015-01-01 Kyocera Corporation Acoustic generator, acoustic generation device, and electronic device
WO2016014515A1 (en) * 2014-07-23 2016-01-28 Bose Corporation Sound producing system
IT201600082006A1 (en) * 2016-08-03 2018-02-03 Enrico Ciresa S R L Sound Diffuser Accessory

Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2182823A (en) * 1985-11-07 1987-05-20 Midlen Trading Corp Diaphragm and driver for a loudspeaker
US4928312A (en) * 1988-10-17 1990-05-22 Amel Hill Acoustic transducer
GB2360665B (en) * 1998-06-22 2003-01-15 Slab Technology Ltd Loudspeakers
GB2435008B (en) * 2001-01-29 2007-11-21 Tannoy Ltd Loudspeaker diaphragm and method of manufacture thereof
WO2009080055A1 (en) * 2007-12-20 2009-07-02 Scan-Speak A/S Asymmetric reinforcement of a membrane
GB2489700B (en) * 2011-04-04 2013-09-18 Canon Kk Method and device for controlling the vibration modes of a vibrating support

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1990409A (en) * 1932-02-19 1935-02-05 Neville Athol Ernest Acoustical diaphragm
US2716462A (en) * 1952-10-25 1955-08-30 Joseph B Brennan Reinforced acoustic diaphragms and method of making the same
US2905260A (en) * 1955-02-24 1959-09-22 Muter Company Loud speaker diaphragm
US3180945A (en) * 1961-09-22 1965-04-27 Wm H Welsh Co Inc Loudspeaker
GB1003608A (en) * 1962-01-15 1965-09-08 Akg Akustische Kino Geraete Improvements in or relating to diaphragms for loudspeakers
US3247925A (en) * 1962-03-08 1966-04-26 Lord Corp Loudspeaker

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE900228C (en) * 1937-01-20 1953-12-21 Dr Emil Podszus Membrane great rigidity for sound
DE835757C (en) * 1949-10-26 1952-04-03 Klangfilm Gmbh Spherical membrane for horn loudspeakers
US2960177A (en) * 1957-11-25 1960-11-15 Hawley Products Co Acoustical devices
GB852006A (en) * 1957-11-25 1960-10-19 Hawley Products Co Improvements in or relating to loudspeaker diaphragms
BE623239A (en) * 1961-10-04

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1990409A (en) * 1932-02-19 1935-02-05 Neville Athol Ernest Acoustical diaphragm
US2716462A (en) * 1952-10-25 1955-08-30 Joseph B Brennan Reinforced acoustic diaphragms and method of making the same
US2905260A (en) * 1955-02-24 1959-09-22 Muter Company Loud speaker diaphragm
US3180945A (en) * 1961-09-22 1965-04-27 Wm H Welsh Co Inc Loudspeaker
GB1003608A (en) * 1962-01-15 1965-09-08 Akg Akustische Kino Geraete Improvements in or relating to diaphragms for loudspeakers
US3247925A (en) * 1962-03-08 1966-04-26 Lord Corp Loudspeaker

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3979566A (en) * 1973-12-12 1976-09-07 Erazm Alfred Willy Electromagnetic transducer
US4003449A (en) * 1974-11-28 1977-01-18 Jose Juan Bertagni Planar diaphragm
FR2345048A1 (en) * 1976-03-19 1977-10-14 Harwood Hugh electro-acoustic transducer membrane
US4190746A (en) * 1976-03-19 1980-02-26 Harwood Hugh D Diaphragm material for moving coil loudspeaker, may be laminated or integral with surround
US4323737A (en) * 1979-06-30 1982-04-06 Pioneer Electronic Corporation Driver unit for planar diaphragm type loudspeaker
US4581496A (en) * 1979-09-04 1986-04-08 Emhart Industries, Inc. Diaphragm for attenuating harmonic response in an electroacoustic transducer
US4761817A (en) * 1986-01-27 1988-08-02 Harman International Industries, Incorporated Diaphragm structure for a transducer
KR100842606B1 (en) * 2002-04-12 2008-07-01 엘지전자 주식회사 streamlinedlow distortion diaphragm loud speaker
US7177440B2 (en) * 2002-12-31 2007-02-13 Step Technologies Inc. Electromagnetic transducer with asymmetric diaphragm
US20040125980A1 (en) * 2002-12-31 2004-07-01 Turnmire Patrick M. Electromagnetic transducer with asymmetric diaphragm
EP1665883A4 (en) * 2003-09-18 2007-07-04 John M Norton Audio loudspeaker enclosure
EP1665883A1 (en) * 2003-09-18 2006-06-07 John M. Norton Audio loudspeaker enclosure
US20090038878A1 (en) * 2007-08-10 2009-02-12 Victor Company Of Japan, Limited Acoustic diaphragm and speaker
US7845461B2 (en) * 2007-08-10 2010-12-07 Victor Company Of Japan, Limited Acoustic diaphragm and speaker
US9369810B2 (en) * 2012-09-26 2016-06-14 Kyocera Corporation Acoustic generator, acoustic generation device, and electronic device
US20150003646A1 (en) * 2012-09-26 2015-01-01 Kyocera Corporation Acoustic generator, acoustic generation device, and electronic device
WO2016014515A1 (en) * 2014-07-23 2016-01-28 Bose Corporation Sound producing system
CN106537935A (en) * 2014-07-23 2017-03-22 伯斯有限公司 Sound producing system
US9628917B2 (en) 2014-07-23 2017-04-18 Bose Corporation Sound producing system
CN106537935B (en) * 2014-07-23 2019-06-07 伯斯有限公司 Sonification system
IT201600082006A1 (en) * 2016-08-03 2018-02-03 Enrico Ciresa S R L Sound Diffuser Accessory
WO2018025138A1 (en) * 2016-08-03 2018-02-08 Enrico Ciresa S.R.L. Sound diffuser accessory

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
SE342962B (en) 1972-02-21
NL6702816A (en) 1967-10-09
AT301644B (en) 1972-09-11
FR1517610A (en) 1968-03-15
GB1186722A (en) 1970-04-02
DE1299041B (en) 1969-07-10
NO119596B (en) 1970-06-08
NL144117B (en) 1974-11-15

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