US3460533A - Nasal expander-inhaler - Google Patents

Nasal expander-inhaler Download PDF

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Publication number
US3460533A
US3460533A US3460533DA US3460533A US 3460533 A US3460533 A US 3460533A US 3460533D A US3460533D A US 3460533DA US 3460533 A US3460533 A US 3460533A
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expander
nasal
head
heads
patient
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Claudio Riu Pla
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Claudio Riu Pla
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/06Respiratory or anaesthetic masks
    • A61M16/0666Nasal cannulas or tubing
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F5/00Orthopaedic methods or devices for non-surgical treatment of bones or joints; Nursing devices; Anti-rape devices
    • A61F5/01Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces
    • A61F5/08Devices for correcting deformities of the nose ; Devices for enlarging the nostril, e.g. for breathing improvement

Description

Au 12,1969 c. Rm FLA 3,460,533

NASAL EXPANDER- INHALER Filed Dec. 23, 1965 INVENTOR CLRUD/O RIU PLH ATTORNEYfi United States Patent 01 Tree 3,460,533 Patented Aug. 12, 1969 Int. Cl. A6111! /08, 29/00 US. Cl. 128-206 2 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A nasal expander-inhaler is arranged for insertion into a patients nostrils for affording maximum expansion of the nasal cavities while supplying medical gases through the inhaler. An expander head forming a small hollow chamber is arranged to be disposed in each nostril and a resilient wire bridge interconnects the expander 'heads for expanding the nostrils in a direction across the patients face. Each expander head has a hair pin spring attached to it with a sphere at the opposite end of the spring from the head expander, the sphere is arranged to be disposed in the forward part of the nose whereby the nasal passage is expanded by the Spring in a forward direction. The combination of the head expander and the sphere in each nostril affords a two-way expansion providing a maximum opening of the nasal passage while limiting the amount of obstruction in the nasal passages.

Summary of the invention The invention concerns a nasal expander-inhaler suitable to expand the nostrils and the nasal fossae of a patient and to serve as a channel to facilitate the inhalation, into the nasal cavities and the respiratory tract of a patient, of medical gases or substances in gaseous or aerosol state.

To this effect, the apparatus of the invention comprises a resilient wire bridge and two resilient wire arms, constituting a hair pin spring each connected to a respective expander head. These arms end in small balls to exert forward pressure on the nostrils, the said heads being connected to inlet channels for the entrance of gas. At the lower ends of such channels, there are fitted flexible tubes through which oxygen or any other medical gas is fed, to discharge through holes provided in the heads opposite the inlet channels.

In the attached drawings,

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the apparatus of the in- Mention.

FIG. 2 is a frontal view of one of the expander heads of the apparatus.

FIG. 3 is a lengthwise section of the head shown in FIG. 2.

FIG. 4 is a side view illustrating the manner in which the apparatus is fitted into the nasal cavities of a patient.

FIG. 5 is a somewhat schematic frontal view illustrating the manner in which the apparatus is fitted into the nasal cavities of a patient.

The apparatus comprises two expander heads 1 and 2 shaped as double-wall discs to provide a hollow interior, each head being coupled to a channel 3 the upper end of which discharges through a passage 4 into the small chamber 5 formed inside each head. The lower ends of the channels are connected to a flexible tube 6 through which medical gas or aerosol is fed, to discharge through peripheral holes 10 provided in the upper rear part of each head. Holes 10 directly communicate with the interior chamber 5 in each head.

Heads 1 and 2 are connected to each other by means of a resilient wire bridge 7 biasing them apart, each head being also provided with an angle-shaped, or hair pin spring, 8, similarly made of resilient wire and having a small ball 9 at its end.

The two heads as described perform a crosswise expansion of the nasal fossae, and the small balls 9 at the end of the arms perform a lengthwise expansion of the nostrils of a patient in a forward direction. In this manner, maximum expansion of the nasal cavities of the patient is achieved, thus permitting the inhalation of medical gas or aerosol into the respiratory tract and the lungs of the patient.

While a specific embodiment of the invention has been shown and described to illustrate the application of the principles of the invention, it will be understood that the invention may be embodied otherwise without departing from such principles.

What I claim is:

1. A nasal expander-inhaler comprises walls forming two separate expander heads, each said expander head forming a relatively small hollow chamber, and having an inlet passageway through said walls communicating with the chamber for delivering a fluid thereto, said walls having apertures communicating with the chamber for discharging fluid from the chamber, a resilient wire bridge interconnecting said expander heads for biasing the heads apart in one direction, a hair pin spring attached to each of said head chambers, and a small sphere located on the end of said hair pin spring remote from the end attached to said expander head, whereby each said expander head and its associated sphere is inserted into a respective nostril and said hair pin springs expand each nostril in a direction forwardly of the face and said wire bridge expands each nostril in a direction across the face thus affording a maximum expansion of the nasal cavities with a limited obstruction thereto for facilitating the inhalation of a fluid supplied to the nasal cavities thorugh the chambers in said expander heads.

2. A nasal expander-inhaler, as claimed in claim 1, including a pair of flexible tubes each secured in communication with the inlet passage of a respective said expander head, said tubes being adapted for connection to a source of fluid for direction thereof into the nostrils and respiratory tract of a patient.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,672,591 6/1928 Wells 128342 2,515,756 7/1950 Bove l28342 FOREIGN PATENTS 530,408 10/ 1921 France. 137,501 10/1952 Sweden.

WILLIAM E. KAMM, Primary Examiner U.S. Cl. X.R. l28-342

US3460533A 1964-12-31 1965-12-23 Nasal expander-inhaler Expired - Lifetime US3460533A (en)

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ES11071264 1964-12-31

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Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4778466A (en) * 1986-05-27 1988-10-18 Morton Brotman Nasal prosthesis
US5345964A (en) * 1992-05-30 1994-09-13 Friatec Ag Keramik- Und Kunststoffwerke Pipe piercing fitting and valve
US5794619A (en) * 1997-02-18 1998-08-18 Edelman; Robert Nasal cannula mounted solely by frictional engagement with the columella
WO1998051234A2 (en) * 1997-05-09 1998-11-19 Dong In Lee Apparatus for preventing snoring and shaping nose
DE29913892U1 (en) * 1999-08-10 2000-12-21 Gehmert Karl Heinz nose clip
US20050028821A1 (en) * 2003-08-06 2005-02-10 Wood Thomas J. Nasal interface and system including ventilation insert
US6863066B2 (en) 2002-01-28 2005-03-08 Ronald Jack Ogle Adjustable nasal dilator filter
US6971388B1 (en) * 2005-03-21 2005-12-06 Santa Barbara Medco, Inc. Internal nasal dilator filter
US20100071693A1 (en) * 2008-08-22 2010-03-25 Breathe Technologies Methods and devices for providing mechanical ventilation with an open airway interface
US20110178545A1 (en) * 2004-01-29 2011-07-21 Gonzalez Isabel N Nasal drip control devices
US8136527B2 (en) 2003-08-18 2012-03-20 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Method and device for non-invasive ventilation with nasal interface
US8381729B2 (en) 2003-06-18 2013-02-26 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods and devices for minimally invasive respiratory support
US8418694B2 (en) 2003-08-11 2013-04-16 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Systems, methods and apparatus for respiratory support of a patient
US8567399B2 (en) 2007-09-26 2013-10-29 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods and devices for providing inspiratory and expiratory flow relief during ventilation therapy
US8770193B2 (en) 2008-04-18 2014-07-08 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods and devices for sensing respiration and controlling ventilator functions
US8776793B2 (en) 2008-04-18 2014-07-15 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods and devices for sensing respiration and controlling ventilator functions
US8925545B2 (en) 2004-02-04 2015-01-06 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods and devices for treating sleep apnea
US8939152B2 (en) 2010-09-30 2015-01-27 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for humidifying a respiratory tract
US8955518B2 (en) 2003-06-18 2015-02-17 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for improving ventilation in a lung area
US8985099B2 (en) 2006-05-18 2015-03-24 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Tracheostoma spacer, tracheotomy method, and device for inserting a tracheostoma spacer
US9132250B2 (en) 2009-09-03 2015-09-15 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for non-invasive ventilation including a non-sealing ventilation interface with an entrainment port and/or pressure feature
US9180270B2 (en) 2009-04-02 2015-11-10 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for non-invasive open ventilation with gas delivery nozzles within an outer tube
US9962512B2 (en) 2009-04-02 2018-05-08 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for non-invasive ventilation including a non-sealing ventilation interface with a free space nozzle feature

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR530408A (en) * 1921-01-31 1921-12-22 Device facilitating nasal breathing
US1672591A (en) * 1927-08-04 1928-06-05 Walter A Wells Nostril dilator
US2515756A (en) * 1947-08-30 1950-07-18 Bove Charles Nasal appliance

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR530408A (en) * 1921-01-31 1921-12-22 Device facilitating nasal breathing
US1672591A (en) * 1927-08-04 1928-06-05 Walter A Wells Nostril dilator
US2515756A (en) * 1947-08-30 1950-07-18 Bove Charles Nasal appliance

Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4778466A (en) * 1986-05-27 1988-10-18 Morton Brotman Nasal prosthesis
US5345964A (en) * 1992-05-30 1994-09-13 Friatec Ag Keramik- Und Kunststoffwerke Pipe piercing fitting and valve
US5794619A (en) * 1997-02-18 1998-08-18 Edelman; Robert Nasal cannula mounted solely by frictional engagement with the columella
WO1998051234A2 (en) * 1997-05-09 1998-11-19 Dong In Lee Apparatus for preventing snoring and shaping nose
WO1998051234A3 (en) * 1997-05-09 1999-12-23 Dong In Lee Apparatus for preventing snoring and shaping nose
DE29913892U1 (en) * 1999-08-10 2000-12-21 Gehmert Karl Heinz nose clip
US6863066B2 (en) 2002-01-28 2005-03-08 Ronald Jack Ogle Adjustable nasal dilator filter
US8381729B2 (en) 2003-06-18 2013-02-26 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods and devices for minimally invasive respiratory support
US8955518B2 (en) 2003-06-18 2015-02-17 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for improving ventilation in a lung area
US20050028821A1 (en) * 2003-08-06 2005-02-10 Wood Thomas J. Nasal interface and system including ventilation insert
US7472707B2 (en) * 2003-08-06 2009-01-06 Innomed Technologies, Inc. Nasal interface and system including ventilation insert
US8418694B2 (en) 2003-08-11 2013-04-16 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Systems, methods and apparatus for respiratory support of a patient
US8136527B2 (en) 2003-08-18 2012-03-20 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Method and device for non-invasive ventilation with nasal interface
US8573219B2 (en) 2003-08-18 2013-11-05 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Method and device for non-invasive ventilation with nasal interface
US20110178545A1 (en) * 2004-01-29 2011-07-21 Gonzalez Isabel N Nasal drip control devices
US8925545B2 (en) 2004-02-04 2015-01-06 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods and devices for treating sleep apnea
US6971388B1 (en) * 2005-03-21 2005-12-06 Santa Barbara Medco, Inc. Internal nasal dilator filter
US8985099B2 (en) 2006-05-18 2015-03-24 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Tracheostoma spacer, tracheotomy method, and device for inserting a tracheostoma spacer
US8567399B2 (en) 2007-09-26 2013-10-29 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods and devices for providing inspiratory and expiratory flow relief during ventilation therapy
US8776793B2 (en) 2008-04-18 2014-07-15 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods and devices for sensing respiration and controlling ventilator functions
US8770193B2 (en) 2008-04-18 2014-07-08 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods and devices for sensing respiration and controlling ventilator functions
US8677999B2 (en) 2008-08-22 2014-03-25 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods and devices for providing mechanical ventilation with an open airway interface
US20100071693A1 (en) * 2008-08-22 2010-03-25 Breathe Technologies Methods and devices for providing mechanical ventilation with an open airway interface
US9180270B2 (en) 2009-04-02 2015-11-10 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for non-invasive open ventilation with gas delivery nozzles within an outer tube
US9227034B2 (en) 2009-04-02 2016-01-05 Beathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for non-invasive open ventilation for treating airway obstructions
US9675774B2 (en) 2009-04-02 2017-06-13 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for non-invasive open ventilation with gas delivery nozzles in free space
US9962512B2 (en) 2009-04-02 2018-05-08 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for non-invasive ventilation including a non-sealing ventilation interface with a free space nozzle feature
US9132250B2 (en) 2009-09-03 2015-09-15 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for non-invasive ventilation including a non-sealing ventilation interface with an entrainment port and/or pressure feature
US8939152B2 (en) 2010-09-30 2015-01-27 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for humidifying a respiratory tract
US9358358B2 (en) 2010-09-30 2016-06-07 Breathe Technologies, Inc. Methods, systems and devices for humidifying a respiratory tract

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