US3455601A - Support unit for chair - Google Patents

Support unit for chair Download PDF

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US3455601A
US3455601A US3455601DA US3455601A US 3455601 A US3455601 A US 3455601A US 3455601D A US3455601D A US 3455601DA US 3455601 A US3455601 A US 3455601A
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chair
link
sleeve
support
seat
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Expired - Lifetime
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Finn Lie
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Finn Lie
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60NSEATS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES; VEHICLE PASSENGER ACCOMMODATION NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60N2/00Seats specially adapted for vehicles; Arrangement or mounting of seats in vehicles
    • B60N2/005Arrangement or mounting of seats in vehicles, e.g. dismountable auxiliary seats
    • B60N2/015Attaching seats directly to vehicle chassis
    • B60N2/01508Attaching seats directly to vehicle chassis using quick release attachments
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60NSEATS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES; VEHICLE PASSENGER ACCOMMODATION NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60N2/00Seats specially adapted for vehicles; Arrangement or mounting of seats in vehicles
    • B60N2/02Seats specially adapted for vehicles; Arrangement or mounting of seats in vehicles the seat or part thereof being movable, e.g. adjustable
    • B60N2/0292Multiple configuration seats, e.g. for spacious vehicles or mini-buses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60NSEATS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES; VEHICLE PASSENGER ACCOMMODATION NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60N2/00Seats specially adapted for vehicles; Arrangement or mounting of seats in vehicles
    • B60N2/02Seats specially adapted for vehicles; Arrangement or mounting of seats in vehicles the seat or part thereof being movable, e.g. adjustable
    • B60N2/04Seats specially adapted for vehicles; Arrangement or mounting of seats in vehicles the seat or part thereof being movable, e.g. adjustable the whole seat being movable
    • B60N2/14Seats specially adapted for vehicles; Arrangement or mounting of seats in vehicles the seat or part thereof being movable, e.g. adjustable the whole seat being movable rotatable, e.g. to permit easy access
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60NSEATS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES; VEHICLE PASSENGER ACCOMMODATION NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60N2/00Seats specially adapted for vehicles; Arrangement or mounting of seats in vehicles
    • B60N2/02Seats specially adapted for vehicles; Arrangement or mounting of seats in vehicles the seat or part thereof being movable, e.g. adjustable
    • B60N2/22Seats specially adapted for vehicles; Arrangement or mounting of seats in vehicles the seat or part thereof being movable, e.g. adjustable the back-rest being adjustable
    • B60N2/2209Seats specially adapted for vehicles; Arrangement or mounting of seats in vehicles the seat or part thereof being movable, e.g. adjustable the back-rest being adjustable by longitudinal displacement of the cushion, e.g. back-rest hinged on the bottom to the cushion and linked on the top to the vehicle frame

Description

July 15, 1969 L15 3,455,601

SUPPORT UNIT FOR CHAIR Filed Nov. 2, 1966 Sea Fran- United States Patent 3,455,601 SUPPORT UNIT FOR CHAIR Finn Lie, Ring Mobelfabrikk A/ S, Moelv, Norway Filed Nov. 2, 1966, Ser. No. 591,566 Int. Cl. B6011 1/02; A47c 3/00 US. Cl. 297-301 3 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A tilting chair seat and/ or back support unit. A vertically disposed hollow tubular spring-containing sleeve is adapted for mounting upon a chair base and carries forwardly projecting arms at its upper end. The seat and/or back are mounted upon the forward end of the arms for tilting movement about a horizontal axis and a link pivotally connects the supported element to a plunger supported upon the sleeve contained spring, which acts in compression to resist rearward tilting of the supported element.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a support frame assembly of compact construction which is readily adaptable for use in a wide variety of tilting chair constructions.

It is another object of the invention to provide a support frame unit in accordance with the foregoing object wherein a relatively small spring element may be employed to resiliently resist tilting movement over a wide range of adjustments.

The foregoing, and other objects, are achieved in a support unit in which a support frame of relatively small size is provided with a horizontal pivot adjacent its forward end and a vertically extending hollow tubular sleeve adjacent its rearward end. A compression spring is enclosed in the sleeve and resiliently biases a plunger upwardly within the sleeve. The compression of the spring is readily adjusted by an adjustment screw bearing against the lower end of the spring. A support link is pivotally mounted upon the plunger and projects upwardly from the upper end of the sleeve. The upper end of the support link is pivotally connected to the tilting member of the chair which is also connected to the pivot at the forward end of the frame element. The biasing action of the spring is thus applied to the tilting member of the chair at a point on the tilting member rearwardly of the axis about which the member tilts. By this arrangement, elevation of the front of the seat during tilting is minimized, the tilting motion is transmitted to the resisting spring by an extremely simple mechanism, and several variations or combinations of tilting seat-tilting back permutations can be accomplished with substantially the same support frame unit construction. The tubular sleeve may be employed as the supporting shaft in swivel chair arrangements, if desired.

Other objects and features will become apparent by reference to the following specification and to the drawmgs.

In the drawings:

FIGURE 1 is a detailed cross sectional view, taken on a central vertical plane, of one embodiment of the invention;

FIGURE 2 is a front elevational view of the structure of FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 3 is a partial side elevational view, with certain parts broken away or shown in broken line of a second embodiment of the invention; and

FIGURE 4 is a partial side elevational view similar to FIGURE 3, of still another form of the invention.

The basic support unit is shown in detail in FIGURES 1 and 2 as including a vertically extending hollow tubular 3,455,601 Patented July 15, 1969 sleeve 1 having a frame element 2 fixedly secured, as by welding, at its upper end. Frame element 2 is recessed as at 3 to fit over the top end of sleeve 1 and is formed with a slot-like aperture 4 which provides clearance for a support link 14. Link 14 is pivotally coupled at its lower end to a plunger 5 which is slidably mounted within the interior of sleeve 1, plunger 5 being slotted as at 15 to receive the lower end of link 14, the lower pivot pin 5a being mounted in the plunger and passing laterally across the slot 15 through the lower end of link 14. A coil spring 7 is mounted within the interior of sleeve 1 and engaged in compression between the underside of plunger 5 and a sliding nut 6 within which is threadably received an adjustment screw 8. Adjustment screw 8 is formed with a flange 8a which rests on the interior side of a plug member 9 fixedly mounted in the lower end of sleeve 1. Screw 8 is freely rotatable within plug 1 and is provided with a knob 10 at its lower end for convenience in rotating the screw, to thereby run nut 6 axially up and down within sleeve 1 to vary the compressive force of spring 7.

Because, in many installations, sleeve 1 is employed as the seat supporting post where a chair seat is mounted for swivel movement upon a base, sleeve 1 is cylindrical. To prevent rotation of nut 6 within the sleeve, the opposite ends of spring 7 are seated within bores in plunger 5 and nut 6 so that the torsional force of spring 7 resists rotation of the nut within the sleeve.

Frame element 2 is formed with a pair of forwardly projecting arms 11 which, at their forward ends coopera-' tively support a pivot pin 12. A chair seat supporting frame 13 is pivotally supported upon pivot 12 and is also pivotally coupled, at a location rearwardly of pivot 12 to the upper end of support link 14 as by pivot pin 14a.

The basic unit of FIGURES l and 2 shows a structure which is adapted to support a chair seat indicated at S for pivotal movement about the horizontal axis established by pivot pin 12. The support unit may, if desired, be supported upon a chair base A (FIGURE 3) so that sleeve 1 acts as a vertical shaft upon which the chair seat may be swiveled relative to the base A. Alternatively, the support unit may be fixedly mounted upon chair bases of various construction by suitable adaptor units Whose structure will be adapted to the construction of the particular base employed.

A modified form of the invention is shown in FIG- URE 3 in which the unit is employed to support a seat S in a stationary horizontal position while accommodating rearward tilting movement of the chair back B. Parts in FIGURE 3 which correspond to parts in FIG- URE 1 have been identified by reference numerals which are primed. In the embodiment of FIGURE 3, the support frame element 2' is constructed with a modified form of side portions 16 which are fixedly secured to the seat support link 13 which acts as a platform upon which the chair seat S is fixedly mounted. The chair back, partially indicated at B is mounted upon a back link having a forwardly projecting link portion 17 which is pivotally mounted at its forward end upon frame 2' by a pivot pin 18 which establishes the horizontal axis about which the chair back B can tilt relative to the stationary elements of the support unit. As in the previous case, a support link 14' is pivotally connected at its upper end by a pin 14a to back link 17 at a location spaced rearwardly from pivot 18. A support sleeve 1 is fixedly secured to frame element 2' as in the previous embodiment and is provided with the same spring and adjusting mechanism as the embodiment of FIGURES 1 and 2 described above.

In FIGURE 4, there is disclosed another form of the invention in which both the chair seat and chair back are mounted for coordinated pivotal movement relative to the fixed parts of the support unit. The frame 2" of the FIGURE 4 embodiment is formed with a slightly modified version of side portion 16. A back link 17 of the same form as that of FIGURE 3 is pivotally supported upon the frame 2" by a pivot 18' and is pivotally coupled to support link 14" as in the previous case. A modified form of seat supporting link 13 is pivotally supported upon a pivot 19 at the extreme forward end of frame element 2 and a second support link 20 is pivotally coupled at one end to seat link 13" and to back link 17 by pivots 21 and 22 respectively.

The net result of the FIGURE 4 arrangement is a fourbar linkage whose four corners are defined by the pivots 18, 19, 21 and 22 with the stationary link being located between pivots 18 and 19.

As in the previous cases a tubular sleeve 1" is fixed upon frame element 2' and provided with the adjustable spring mechanism described in detail in connection with FIGURE 1. In the FIGURE 4 embodiment, the same adjustable spring resiliently resists tilting movement of the seat and back of the chair, the tilting movement of the seat and back being coordinated and constrained by the four bar linkage mounted by pivots 18', 19, 21 and 22.

While various embodiments of the invention have been described, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that the described embodiments may be modified. Therefore, the foregoing description is to be considered exemplary rather than limiting, and the true scope of the invention is that defined in the following claims.

I claim:

1. In a chair having a base, and seat and back members; a support unit for supporting at least one of said members upon said base for tilting movement about a horizontal axis comprising a support unit adapted to be mounted upon said base, a vertically disposed hollow tubular sleeve adapted to be mounted in said base, a frame element fixedly mounted upon the upper end of said sleeve and having elongate arm means projecting forwardly from said sleeve, pivot means mounted upon the forward end of said arm means for pivotally supporting said one of said members for tilting movement about a horizontal axis spaced forwardly of said chair from said tubular member, a plunger slidably mounted in the upper end of said tubular sleeve, spring means mounted in said sleeve resiliently biasing said plunger upwardly within said sleeve, a spring adjustment screw rotatably mounted in the lower end of said tubular member and projecting axially downwardly therefrom, said screw having a knob on the lower end thereof, a nut threaded on said screw withinsaid tubular member and engaged with the lower end of said spring, and a support link pivotally connected at its lower end to said plunger and pivotally connected at its upper end to said one'of said members at a location spaced rearwardly from said pivot means, said one of said members being the back member of said chair, the back member including a back link projecting forwardly from said back member and pivotally supported at its forward end upon said pivot means, said support link being pivotally connected at its upper end to said back link at a location spaced rearwardly on said back link from said pivot means.

2. The invention as defined in claim 1 wherein said seat member is fixedly mounted upon said support unit in spaced overlying relationship to said back link.

3. The invention as defined in claim 1 further comprising a seat link adapted to support the seat member of said chair, second pivot means pivotally mounting said seat link upon said support unit adjacent the forward end of said support unit for pivotal movement about a second horizontal axis, and a second support link pivotally connected at one end to said seat link at a location spaced rearwardly from said second horizontal axis and pivotally connected at its opposite end to said back link at a location spaced rearwardly from said pivot means.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,689,599 9/1954 Mauser 297303 XR 3,185,430 5/1965 Bernard 248381 3,220,687 11/1965 Baermann 248378 3,284,133 11/1966 Werner 297-3 16 XR FOREIGN PATENTS 641,778 5 1962 Canada.

FRANCIS K. ZUGEL, Primary Examiner US. Cl. X.R. 248-382

US3455601D 1966-11-02 1966-11-02 Support unit for chair Expired - Lifetime US3455601A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3814369A (en) * 1971-10-28 1974-06-04 J Kastholm Tiltable swivel chair
US4004836A (en) * 1974-10-15 1977-01-25 Landstingens Inkopscentral Lic, Ekonomisk Forening Chair with tiltable spring biased back-rest
US4143910A (en) * 1977-09-12 1979-03-13 Klaus Geffers Chair having synchronously coupled tiltable seat and back rest
US4521057A (en) * 1983-02-16 1985-06-04 General Motors Corporation Automobile seat with adjustable damping
US4596421A (en) * 1983-01-21 1986-06-24 Pierre Schmitz Office chair
WO1991013314A1 (en) * 1990-02-22 1991-09-05 James Jann Chair height adjustment mechanism
WO1995020895A2 (en) * 1993-12-02 1995-08-10 Fritz Hansen A/S Office chair
US20060097558A1 (en) * 2004-11-09 2006-05-11 Girsberger Holding Ag Chair
WO2008043574A1 (en) 2006-10-13 2008-04-17 Bock 1 Gmbh & Co. Kg Mechanism for an office chair
US9458905B2 (en) 2012-09-20 2016-10-04 Steelcase Inc. Spring assembly and method
DE102016102557A1 (en) * 2016-02-15 2017-08-17 Interstuhl Büromöbel GmbH & Co. KG Seating with a reclining stop
US10016061B2 (en) 2016-02-15 2018-07-10 Interstuhl Bueromoebel Gmbh & Co. Kg Backrest for an office chair

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2689599A (en) * 1948-09-21 1954-09-21 Mauser Kg Chair
CA641778A (en) * 1962-05-29 F. Hamilton Bertis Spring back chair
US3185430A (en) * 1960-11-28 1965-05-25 Bernard Charles Henri Marius Height adjustable tilting device for rev olving chairs
US3220687A (en) * 1963-08-21 1965-11-30 Walter P Baermann Biased tilt mechanisms, especially useful in swivel chairs and the like
US3284133A (en) * 1963-08-28 1966-11-08 Werner Per Gunnar Device for pivoted connection of two parts

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA641778A (en) * 1962-05-29 F. Hamilton Bertis Spring back chair
US2689599A (en) * 1948-09-21 1954-09-21 Mauser Kg Chair
US3185430A (en) * 1960-11-28 1965-05-25 Bernard Charles Henri Marius Height adjustable tilting device for rev olving chairs
US3220687A (en) * 1963-08-21 1965-11-30 Walter P Baermann Biased tilt mechanisms, especially useful in swivel chairs and the like
US3284133A (en) * 1963-08-28 1966-11-08 Werner Per Gunnar Device for pivoted connection of two parts

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3814369A (en) * 1971-10-28 1974-06-04 J Kastholm Tiltable swivel chair
US4004836A (en) * 1974-10-15 1977-01-25 Landstingens Inkopscentral Lic, Ekonomisk Forening Chair with tiltable spring biased back-rest
US4143910A (en) * 1977-09-12 1979-03-13 Klaus Geffers Chair having synchronously coupled tiltable seat and back rest
US4596421A (en) * 1983-01-21 1986-06-24 Pierre Schmitz Office chair
US4521057A (en) * 1983-02-16 1985-06-04 General Motors Corporation Automobile seat with adjustable damping
WO1991013314A1 (en) * 1990-02-22 1991-09-05 James Jann Chair height adjustment mechanism
WO1995020895A2 (en) * 1993-12-02 1995-08-10 Fritz Hansen A/S Office chair
WO1995020895A3 (en) * 1993-12-02 1995-11-02 Manfred Elzenbeck Office chair
WO1996029912A1 (en) * 1993-12-02 1996-10-03 Fritz Hansen A/S Office chair
US7490902B2 (en) * 2004-11-09 2009-02-17 Girsberger Holding Ag Chair
US20060097558A1 (en) * 2004-11-09 2006-05-11 Girsberger Holding Ag Chair
WO2008043574A1 (en) 2006-10-13 2008-04-17 Bock 1 Gmbh & Co. Kg Mechanism for an office chair
US20090267394A1 (en) * 2006-10-13 2009-10-29 Bock 1 Gmbh & Co. Kg Mechanism for an Office Chair
US8146990B2 (en) 2006-10-13 2012-04-03 Bock 1 Gmbh & Co. Kg Mechanism for an office chair
US9458905B2 (en) 2012-09-20 2016-10-04 Steelcase Inc. Spring assembly and method
DE102016102557A1 (en) * 2016-02-15 2017-08-17 Interstuhl Büromöbel GmbH & Co. KG Seating with a reclining stop
US10016061B2 (en) 2016-02-15 2018-07-10 Interstuhl Bueromoebel Gmbh & Co. Kg Backrest for an office chair
US10206513B2 (en) 2016-02-15 2019-02-19 Interstuhl Bueromoebel Gmbh & Co. Kg Piece of seating furniture having a backward-tilt stop

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