US3454008A - Sanitary napkin - Google Patents

Sanitary napkin Download PDF

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Publication number
US3454008A
US3454008A US3454008DA US3454008A US 3454008 A US3454008 A US 3454008A US 3454008D A US3454008D A US 3454008DA US 3454008 A US3454008 A US 3454008A
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Prior art keywords
napkin
layer
sanitary
tab
pad
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Expired - Lifetime
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Laurel A Hendricks
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Laurel A Hendricks
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/51Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the outer layers
    • A61F13/514Backsheet, i.e. the impermeable cover or layer furthest from the skin
    • A61F13/51474Backsheet, i.e. the impermeable cover or layer furthest from the skin characterised by its structure
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/53Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the absorbing medium
    • A61F13/539Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the absorbing medium characterised by the connection of the absorbent layers with each other or with the outer layers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/56Supporting or fastening means
    • A61F13/58Adhesive tab fastener elements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/51Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the outer layers
    • A61F13/514Backsheet, i.e. the impermeable cover or layer furthest from the skin
    • A61F13/51401Backsheet, i.e. the impermeable cover or layer furthest from the skin characterised by the material
    • A61F2013/51409Backsheet, i.e. the impermeable cover or layer furthest from the skin characterised by the material being a film
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/53Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the absorbing medium
    • A61F13/539Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the absorbing medium characterised by the connection of the absorbent layers with each other or with the outer layers
    • A61F2013/5395Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the absorbing medium characterised by the connection of the absorbent layers with each other or with the outer layers with thermoplastic agent, i.e. softened by heat
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/56Supporting or fastening means
    • A61F13/58Adhesive tab fastener elements
    • A61F2013/583Adhesive tab fastener elements with strips on several places
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/56Supporting or fastening means
    • A61F13/58Adhesive tab fastener elements
    • A61F2013/586Adhesive tab fastener elements on lateral flaps

Description

' y 8, 1969 L.. A. HENDRICKS- 3,454,008

SANITARY NAPKIN Filed May 2, 1966 INVENTOR. 4 LAUREL A. HENDRICKS BY VQJ 714. ;.4M

ATTORNEY United States Patent SANITARY NAPKIN Laurel A. Hendricks, 1535 Mount Lassen Drive,

San Jose, Calif. 95121 Continuation-impart of application Ser. No. 533,324, Mar. 10, 1966. This application May 2, 1966, Ser. No. 548,818

Int. Cl. A61f 13/16 US. Cl. 128290 3 'Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A sanitary napkin having adhesive tab ends for securing the napkin to an undergarment of a wearer so that the napkin is comfortable for the wearer and does not damage the undergarment, and the napkin is thereby secured in position. A liquid repellant layer in the napkin is disposed between a pad and a body contact layer to prevent liquid from reaching the undergarment. The laminations of the napkin constitute an integral unit with the tabs for readily adhesively securing the napkin to an undergarment in a desired body position for the comfort of the wearer.

This application is a continuation-in-part of my copending application Ser. No. 533,324, filed on Mar. 10, 1966, now abandoned, for Sanitary Napkin.

The present invention relates in general to sanitary napkins, and more particularly to a sanitary napkin detachably secured to a wearers undergarment.

An object of the present invention is to provide a sanitary napkin that can be worn without the employment of sanitary belts or similar devices.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a sanitary napkin which is less conspicious when worn.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a sanitary napkin which is more moisture proof.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a sanitary napkin that is more comfortable to the wearer.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a sanitary napkin in which the force applied to the body for securing the napkin in place has more uniform distribution.

Other and further objects and advantages of the present invention will be apparent to one skilled in the art from the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, which:

FIG. 1 is a plan view of the sanitary napkin embodying the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a vertical sectional view of the sanitary napkin taken along lines 22 of FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary exploded view of the sanitary napkin.

FIG. 4 is a vertical sectional view of the sanitary napkin taken along line 4-4 of FIG. 1.

Illustrated in FIGS. 1-4 is the sanitary napkin of the present invention which is caused to adhere to an inner surface of a panty or other suitable undergarment and is adapted to contact the body of a woman surrounding the vaginal area to absorb the discharge of the menses during menstrual period.

The sanitary napkin 10 of the present invention comprises a pad 11 of highly absorbent material, such as cotton gauze and tissue. As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, the sanitary napkin 10 is of laminated construction and comprises an outer sheet 13 of relatively thin, absorbing, soft, flexible material, such as cotton gauze. The sheet 13 extends beyond the pad 11 at each end thereof to form a tab section 13a and a tab section 13b and then continues 3,454,008 Patented July 8, 1969 to provide a complete enclosure for the sanitary napkin 10. The tab section 13b is slightly longer than the tab section 13a. The absorbent gauze is sufiiciently soft so as to be comfortable to the wearer and not irritate the skin, and yet it is sufiiciently strong so as not to wear away with contact. It is the sheet 13 of absorbent gauze that contacts the body of the woman using the sanitary napkin 10 and is disposed on the body contact side of the pad 11, and that portion thereof may be referred to as the body contact layer 13c. The sheet 13 also extends beyond each side of the pad 11 a distance greater than the depth of the pad 11. In addition thereto, the sheet 13 extends along the garment contact side of the sanitary napkin 10 and that portion thereof may be referred to as the undergarment contact layer 13d.

On the opposite side of the pad 11 or on the garment side of the pad 11 is disposed a layer 15 of suitable absorbent material, such as tissue paper, which serves as a filler layer for the laminated construction of the sanitary napkin 10. The filler layer 15, which is disposed inwardly of the sheet 13, extends beyond each end of the pad 11 and is disposed adjacent to the pad 11. The filler absorbent layer 15, which terminates along the side edges of the pad 11, comprises an absorbent, flexible, relatively thin tissue material. The tissue filler absorbent material 15 is very durable and yet highly absorbent.

Juxtaposed between the filler absorbent layer 15 and the undergarment layer 13d is a liquid repellant or moisture proof sheet 16 of vinyl or polyethylene material that retains the liquid or menses discharge within the sanitary napkin 10 and prevents the same from soiling the undergarments of the wearer of the sanitary napkin 10. The moisture repellant sheet 16 is sufliciently large to extend the full length of the filler layer 15 and terminates in the vicinity of the ends of the pad 11 (FIG. 2). The sheet 16 is disposed between the layer 15 and the undergarment contact layer 13d in the form of double layers, encompassing the tab ends of the layer 15. In addition thereto, the sheet 16 is fused directly to the undergarment contact layer 13d of the sheet 13 :and the layer 15.

Contiguous with the liquid repellant sheet 16 is the undergarment contact layer 13d of the sheet 13. At the ends of the undergarment contact layer 13d, the sheet 13 includes a tab section Be and a tab section 13f similar to the tab sections 13a and 131), respectively, of the body contact layer 13c.

Each end of the sanitary napkin 10 includes a tab, such as tabs 25 and 26. The tabs 25 and 26 have their edges directed toward the longitudinal centerline of the sanitary napkin 10 (FIG. 1). Each end of which is cut straight and slightly tapered. The tab 26 is slightly longer than the tab 25.

Thus, when the sanitary napkin 10 is worn, the tab 25 extends forwardly of the body of the user and the tab 26 extends rearwardly of the body of the user. The tabs 25 and 26 are relatively thin and flexible, and yet strong, and are formed by fusing together the confronting tab end sections. More specifically, the tab 25 is formed by heat pressure fusing or bonding of the tab ends 13a and 13e of the sheet 13 with the double layer tab ends of the sheet 16 and the tab end of the layer 15. The tab ends of the sheet 16 are between the tab end 13a and the tab end of layer 15. The tab 26 is formed by heat pressure fusing or bonding of the tab ends 13b and 13 of the sheet 13 with the double layer tab ends of the sheet 16 and the tab end of the layer 15. The tab ends of the sheet 16 are between the tab end 13b and the tab end of the layer 15.

According to the present invention, strips 30 of adhesive material, which have a nonadhesive backing thereon, are secured to the layer 13d of the sheet 13 along the entire edges of the tabs 25 and 26 (FIG. 1). When the nonadhesive paper backing is removed from the adhesive strips 30, the adhesive strips 30 are caused to adhere to the inner surface of the panty or other suitable undergarment so as to enable the absorbent layer 130 of the sheet 13 to contact the body of the woman wearing the panty to surround the vaginal area of the user thereof. The adhesive employed does not tear the undergarment.

In the use of the sanitary napkin 10 of the present invention, the adhesive strips 30 have the nonadhesive paper backing thereon removed to expose the adhesive surface thereof. Thereupon the sanitary napkin 10 is attached to the inner surface of the panty or other suitable undergarment by causing the adhesive strips 30 to adhere to the panty. The sanitary napkin 10 is placed on the panty so that the absorbent layer 130 contacts the body of the woman wearing the panty so as to surround the vaginal area of the user thereof. In so doing, the tab 25 extends forwardly of the body of the user and the tab 26 extends rearwardly of the body of the user.

It is to be understood that modifications and variations of the embodiment of the invention disclosed herein may be resorted to without departing from the spirit of the invention and the scope of the appended claims.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to protect by Letters Patent is:

1. A sanitary napkin comprising a pad, a body contact layer of absorbent material disposed on one side of said pad, a garment contact layer disposed on another side of said pad, a layer of liquid repellant material disposed between said pad and said garment contact layer, said garment contact layer extending beyond the ends of said pad, and adhesive means on that portion of said garment contact layer extending beyond said pad for causing said sanitary napkin to adhere to a garment, said layers being secured to said liquid repellant layer at the portions thereof extending beyond said pad.

2. A sanitary napkin as claimed in claim 1 wherein said layers are secured to a filler layer disposed between pad and said body contact layer at the portions thereof extending beyond said pad.

3. A sanitary napkin as claimed in claim 2 wherein said liquid repellant material is formed with a plurality of layers in the region thereof secured to said layers extending beyond said pad.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,295,016 9/1942 Scribner 128290 2,742,903 4/1956 Lightner 128290 2,838,048 6/1958 Kowalski 128-290 2,973,760 3/1961 Dudley 128290 3,085,575 4/1963 De Woskin 128290 3,294,090 12/1966 Younger 128-290 FOREIGN PATENTS 253,548 4/ 1964 Australia.

CHARLES F. ROSENBAUM, Primary Examiner.

US3454008A 1966-05-02 1966-05-02 Sanitary napkin Expired - Lifetime US3454008A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3626945A (en) * 1969-03-27 1971-12-14 Kimberly Clark Co Tab construction for sanitary napkin
US3724466A (en) * 1971-11-10 1973-04-03 L Hendricks Sanitary napkin
US3888254A (en) * 1974-02-11 1975-06-10 Laurel A Hendricks Sanitary napkin
US4213813A (en) * 1978-10-23 1980-07-22 Hendricks Laurel A Sanitary napkin
US4333466A (en) * 1980-08-05 1982-06-08 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Sanitary napkin with improved panty adhesive
US4596570A (en) * 1985-08-29 1986-06-24 Personal Products Company Napkin with extendable tabs
US5849003A (en) * 1990-06-18 1998-12-15 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article fastener pattern
US6096668A (en) * 1997-09-15 2000-08-01 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Elastic film laminates

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2295016A (en) * 1942-02-07 1942-09-08 Marion E Scribner Disposable absorbent sanitary pad
US2742903A (en) * 1954-11-26 1956-04-24 Mary L L Lightner Sanitary napkin
US2838048A (en) * 1955-03-21 1958-06-10 Walter M Kowalski Catamenial pad
US2973760A (en) * 1958-06-30 1961-03-07 Scott Paper Co Sanitary napkin
US3085575A (en) * 1959-08-10 1963-04-16 Irvin S Dewoskin Absorbent pads and the manufacture thereof
US3294090A (en) * 1963-08-12 1966-12-27 Joy M Younger Sanitary pad

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2295016A (en) * 1942-02-07 1942-09-08 Marion E Scribner Disposable absorbent sanitary pad
US2742903A (en) * 1954-11-26 1956-04-24 Mary L L Lightner Sanitary napkin
US2838048A (en) * 1955-03-21 1958-06-10 Walter M Kowalski Catamenial pad
US2973760A (en) * 1958-06-30 1961-03-07 Scott Paper Co Sanitary napkin
US3085575A (en) * 1959-08-10 1963-04-16 Irvin S Dewoskin Absorbent pads and the manufacture thereof
US3294090A (en) * 1963-08-12 1966-12-27 Joy M Younger Sanitary pad

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3626945A (en) * 1969-03-27 1971-12-14 Kimberly Clark Co Tab construction for sanitary napkin
US3724466A (en) * 1971-11-10 1973-04-03 L Hendricks Sanitary napkin
US3888254A (en) * 1974-02-11 1975-06-10 Laurel A Hendricks Sanitary napkin
US4213813A (en) * 1978-10-23 1980-07-22 Hendricks Laurel A Sanitary napkin
US4333466A (en) * 1980-08-05 1982-06-08 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Sanitary napkin with improved panty adhesive
US4596570A (en) * 1985-08-29 1986-06-24 Personal Products Company Napkin with extendable tabs
US5849003A (en) * 1990-06-18 1998-12-15 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article fastener pattern
US6096668A (en) * 1997-09-15 2000-08-01 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Elastic film laminates

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