US3447672A - Bulging cartons - Google Patents

Bulging cartons Download PDF

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Publication number
US3447672A
US3447672A US3447672DA US3447672A US 3447672 A US3447672 A US 3447672A US 3447672D A US3447672D A US 3447672DA US 3447672 A US3447672 A US 3447672A
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Prior art keywords
tray
panels
carton
edges
blank
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Expired - Lifetime
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Ernest L Bailey
Raymond A Cote
Bruce H Schrier
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Riegel Paper Corp
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Riegel Paper Corp
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D5/00Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper
    • B65D5/20Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper by folding-up portions connected to a central panel from all sides to form a container body, e.g. of tray-like form
    • B65D5/24Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper by folding-up portions connected to a central panel from all sides to form a container body, e.g. of tray-like form with adjacent sides interconnected by gusset folds
    • B65D5/244Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper by folding-up portions connected to a central panel from all sides to form a container body, e.g. of tray-like form with adjacent sides interconnected by gusset folds and the gussets folds connected to the outside of the container body
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D5/00Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper
    • B65D5/20Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper by folding-up portions connected to a central panel from all sides to form a container body, e.g. of tray-like form
    • B65D5/2014Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper by folding-up portions connected to a central panel from all sides to form a container body, e.g. of tray-like form the central panel having a non rectangular shape
    • B65D5/2019Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper by folding-up portions connected to a central panel from all sides to form a container body, e.g. of tray-like form the central panel having a non rectangular shape with at least partially curved edges or the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D5/00Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper
    • B65D5/20Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper by folding-up portions connected to a central panel from all sides to form a container body, e.g. of tray-like form
    • B65D5/2014Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper by folding-up portions connected to a central panel from all sides to form a container body, e.g. of tray-like form the central panel having a non rectangular shape
    • B65D5/2033Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper by folding-up portions connected to a central panel from all sides to form a container body, e.g. of tray-like form the central panel having a non rectangular shape polygonal having more than four sides, e.g. hexagonal, octogonal
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D5/00Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper
    • B65D5/20Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper by folding-up portions connected to a central panel from all sides to form a container body, e.g. of tray-like form
    • B65D5/2038Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper by folding-up portions connected to a central panel from all sides to form a container body, e.g. of tray-like form at least two opposed folded-up portions having a non-rectangular shape
    • B65D5/2047Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper by folding-up portions connected to a central panel from all sides to form a container body, e.g. of tray-like form at least two opposed folded-up portions having a non-rectangular shape trapezoidal, e.g. to form a body with diverging side walls
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D5/00Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper
    • B65D5/20Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper by folding-up portions connected to a central panel from all sides to form a container body, e.g. of tray-like form
    • B65D5/28Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper by folding-up portions connected to a central panel from all sides to form a container body, e.g. of tray-like form with extensions of sides permanently secured to adjacent sides, with sides permanently secured together by adhesive strips, or with sides held in place solely by rigidity of material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D5/00Rigid or semi-rigid containers of polygonal cross-section, e.g. boxes, cartons or trays, formed by folding or erecting one or more blanks made of paper
    • B65D5/42Details of containers or of foldable or erectable container blanks
    • B65D5/54Lines of weakness to facilitate opening of container or dividing it into separate parts by cutting or tearing
    • B65D5/545Lines of weakness to facilitate opening of container or dividing it into separate parts by cutting or tearing for opening containers formed by erecting a "cross-like" blank
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S229/00Envelopes, wrappers, and paperboard boxes
    • Y10S229/915Stacking feature
    • Y10S229/916Means for ventilating while stacked

Description

June 3, 1969 E. 1.. BAILEY ETAL 3,

BULGING CARTONS Filed Sept. 20, 1967- Sheet of 3 as Y 38 30 an I 3| ATTORNEYS June 3, 1969 BAlLEY L 3,447,672

BULGING CARTONS Filed Sept. 20, 1967 2 Sheet of 3 44 FIG. 3 47 INVENTORS ERNEST L. BAILEY RAYMOND A COTE BRUCE SCHRIER s4 16! z M is: 8

ATTORNEYS June 1969 E. 1.. BAILEY ETAL 3,

BULGING CARTONS Filed Sept. 20, 1967 Sheet 3 of 3 FIG.6 m U U U FIG. 7

INVENTORS ERNEST L. BAILEY RAYMOND A. COTE BRUCE SCHRIER ATTORN EYS United States Patent Office 3,447,672 Patented June 3, 1969 BULGING CARTONS Ernest L. Bailey, Atlanta, and Raymond A. Cote and Bruce H. Schrier, Doraville, Ga., assignors to Riegel Paper Corporation, New York, N.Y., a corporation of Delaware Filed Sept. 20, 1967, Ser. No. 669,217 Int. Cl. B65d 25/00, ]/00, 3/00 US. Cl. 20645.31 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE The invention is directed to improved, two piece covered bulging cartons for commodities such as berries and the like, the trays of which are erected from novel polygonal or generally circular blanks and the covers of which cartons have varying degrees of bulge. The two piece carton is of a unique rigidified construction which includes legs for rigidifying the carton and for facilitating the stacking of a plurality of boxes one upon the other without crushing the packaged contents; tear opening arrangements for providing access to the interior of the carton through a side wall; and bottom ventilating ports formed automatically by the erection of the rigidifying legs.

Relation to copending applications The present invention is closely related to and represents an improvement in the invention disclosed in copending application Ser. No. 520,684, filed Jan. 14, 1966, now United States Patent No. 3,343,660, for Box Closure.

Summary of invention In the packaging of perishable and fragile commodities such as berries, for example, it has been the practice to use simple baskets and trays of various configurations and to fill and cover the same manually. The present invention is directed to an improved, covered bulging carton which provides unusually great protection to the packaged commodity, lends itself to rapid filling and assembly in automated packaging machinery.

Specifically, the carton of the invention includes a bulging tray of the general type disclosed in said application 520,684 which is formed from a new and improved, generally circular blank and which is rigidified at its corners by glue fiap legs. More specifically, the erection of the glue flap legs forms a plurality of ventilating ports in the tray bottom. Additionally, base or foot portons of the glue flap legs are arranged to be supported on web portions of bulging covers of the general type disclosed in said application 520,684 without crushing the contents of the cartons. Thus, the new cartons may be freely stacked one upon the other.

As an important aspect of the invention, a uniformly sized bulging tray may have its capacity varied by using new and improved bulging covers having varying degrees of bulge. Specifically, the covers are formed from blanks having uniform outer dimensions and configurations but having varying inner dimensions and configurations.

Another important aspect of the invention is the provision of a new and improved tear opening tongue in one of the tray walls. This novel arrangement allows the cover and tray to be locked in a tamperproof manner while providing ready access to the contents of the carton.

For a more complete understanding of the present invention, reference should be made to the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a plan view of a the principles of the invention;

blank for a tray embodying FIG. 2 is a plan view of a blank for a cover embodying the principles of the invention;

FIG. 3 is a perspective view of an erected two piece carton embodying the inventive principles and formed from the blanks of FIGS. 1 and 2;

FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view showing details of construction of the carton of FIG. 3 and illustrating the manner in which the new carton is opened;

FIG. 5 is a transverse cross-sectional view of the carton of FIG. 3 taken along line 5-5 thereof;

FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of the carton of the invention showing the manner in which it may be stacked; and

FIG. 7 is an alternate embodiment of the invention.

Referring now to FIG. 3, the preferred embodiment of the new carton includes a bulging tray 10 and a mating bulging cover 11 which are formed from blanks of paperboard sheet material 12, 13, respectively, shown in FIGS. 1 and 2.

In accordance with the invention the tray blank 12 is symmetrical about its two major axes XX and YY and has a base panel 14 disposed at its center. As shown the perimeter 35 of the blank is polygonal and has a suflicient number of straight edges (typically sixteen) in relation to its overall size to be characterized as being generally circular. For reasons of economy of paperboard (optimized nesting of multiple blanks on a press sheet) and for easier alignment of the blank in carton forming operations, the polygonal configuration or a blank having at least one straight edge at its perimeter is preferred.

Specifically, the base panel 14, which is generally square shaped, is articulated to minor side wall panels 19, 20, respectively, along hinge lines 17, 18 formed by alternate score lines and cut lines, and is articulated along similar hinge lines 15, 16 to major side wall panels 21 and 22. In accordance with the principles of the invention, the major side wall panels 21, 22 include foot portions 23 which extend inwardly of the base panel edges defined by the hinge lines 15-18.

As a further important aspect of the invention, the major side wall panels 21, 22 on both sides thereof include full depth glue flap legs 24 and 54 which extend for the entire depth of the carton and include foot portions 25 which are derived from the minor side wall panels 19, 20 and are contiguous with the foot portions 23. More specifically, and as shown, the glue flap legs carry an adhesive coating 55; however, the marginal edges of the glue flap legs 54 are free of adhesive for reasons to be explained hereinafter. As shown in FIG. 1, the foot portions 25 extend into the general wall forming portions of the minor panels 19 and 20 and are separated therefrom and from the base panel 14 by continuous cuts 26 which extend from the outer perimeter of the blank 12 in a more or less J-shaped course to the hinge lines 15, 16. In accordance with the invention, the J-shaped cut lines include chevron-shaped portions which define the bottom edges of the foot portions 23 and 25 in such a manner that they will lie in a common horizontal plane when the blank is erected into a tray with sloped walls.

The side edges of each of the minor wall panels 19, 20 and the major wall panels 21, 22 are defined by crease lines 27, 28 respectively. As shown, the crease lines 27 extend from the periphery of the blank convergently toward intersections of the extensions of the hinge lines 1518 while the crease lines 28 extend convergently from the periphery and terminate at the opposite ends of the hinge lines 17, 18. More specifically, the crease lines 27 also cooperate with the perimeter of the blank and the cuts 26 to define a generally triangular assembly flap 38 on the opposite side edges of the minor wall panels As shown in FIG. 1, and in accordance with the teachings of the aforementioned application number 520,684, the upper edges of each of the wall panels 19-22 is defined by a generally arcuate score line 30 which is interrupted at its centermost portion by a locking slit 31 having an orientation generally opposite that of the score line 30. Thus, the circular or substantially circular outer edges 35 of the blank 12 will cooperate with the score lines 30 to define a series of substantially elliptical bulge panels 36 adjacent and articulated to the upper edges of each of the side wall panels 19-22.

In accordance with a very important aspect of the invention, at least one of the wall panels is provided with the unique tear opening tongue 33 which extends, as shown in FIG. 1, for the full depth of the minor side wall panel 20. The tear opening tongue 33 has side edges 34 which are divergently tapered from the ends of the slit 31 toward the base panel 14. More specifically, the slit 31 defines the upper edge of the tongue 33 while the side edges 34 of the tear opening tongue 33 are formed by gradually tapering lines of perforation 34a extending from the hinge line 18 score line 30 and by abruptly and sharply tapering cuts 34b which extend beneath the ends of the locking slit 31. As will be appreciated, the tear opening tongue 33 may be simply separated from the side wall panel 20 by grasping its upper margin and severing the portions of the blank between the slit 31 and the cuts 34b and the lines of perforation 34a.

As shown in FIG. 2 a blank 13 for the bulging lid or cover 11 includes four substantially elliptical cover bulge panels 40 arrayed with their major axes generally definitive of the shape of the base panel, i.e., a square. In accordance with the teachings of the aforementioned application Serial No. 520,684, the cover bulge panels 40 are interconnected along the score lines 42 by relatively broad, tapered web portions 44, as shown, and the outer edges 41 of the cover bulge panels 40 have substantially the same curvature as the edges 30 of the tray bulge panels 36. The inner edges of the bulge panels 40 and the tapered web portions define a central opening or window 46 which, as shown may be closed off with a transparent plastic sheet 47.

As an important aspect of the present invention, uniformly sized cover blanks may be used with uniformly sized trays to form cartons having different capacities. Specifically, the precise degree of the bulge of a cover having predetermined and fixed outer dimensions is controlled by the shape of the score lines 42 which define the inner edges of the cover bulge panels 40 and the edges of the web portions. For example, the score lines 42 may be provided with the same curvature as the outer edges 41 to provide substantially symmetrical cover bulge panels and a normal degree of bulge However, the inner score lines 42 may be given a greater curvature as shown in phantom in FIG. 2 by broken lines 43, thus providing more budge of the cover, and thus increasing the volume of the erected two-piece carton. When the inner edges of the bulge panels have the greater curvature defined by the lines 43, the tapered Web portions 44 will be comparatively more narrow and may be extended further inwardly toward the center of the cover as shown in phantom by broken lines 45.

Web shaped locking tabs 48 of conventional configuration are hinged to each of the cover bulge panels along score lines 49. The locking tabs are, of course, adapted to be inserted into the locking slits 31 of the tray and to be securely held therein when the covers and trays are automatically assembled in the manner set forth in greater detail in the copending application Serial No. 566,014, of William H. Bennert et -al., for Berry Boxer. More specifically, the undercut edges 50 of the locking tabs are adapted to be securely engaged under locking portions 51 formed in the wall panels 19-22 adjacent the slits 31. This well-known type of locking of the two elements of the carton is so effective that it is virtually im- .4 possible to separate the cover from the tray without mutilating one or the other. In other words the new carton is effectively tamperproof and cannot be opened without detection. Of course, the provision of the tear opening tongue 33 in the side wall 20 greatly enhances the use of the new tamperproof carton for ordinary packaging applications.

The tray 10 of the present invention, as shown in FIG. 3, may be simply erected from the blank 12 by folding each of the side wall panels 19-22 upwardly about the hinge lines 1418 and thereafter securing each of the glue leg flaps 24, 54 to the outer surface portions of the minor wall panels 19, 20. As will be appreciated, the glue leg flaps 24, 54 cover the portions of the minor wall panels from which the foot portions 25 are derived and provide the tray with four similarly shaped, complete walls. The assembly flaps 38, as shown best in FIG. 5, underlie the major wall panels 21, 22 and with the glue leg flaps 24, 54 contribute to the rigidification of the tray corners.

At this stage in its erection, the tray 10 has four generally flat walls which are sloped upwardly and outwardly from the bottom panel 14, which itself is elevated by feet formed in each of the corners of the carton by the contiguous foot portions 23 and 25. Thereafter, each of the tray bulge panels 36 is inwardly folded to give an arcuate curvature or bulge to the side wall panels 19-22 and simultaneously to open the locking slits 31 to receive the wedge shaped locking tabs 48 of the cover. After the tray has been filled, with a commodity such as berries B, for example, the cover 11 is formed and attached thereto by infolding each of the cover bulge panels 40 along its inner arcuate score line and thereafter folding and inserting the wedge shaped locking tabs into the open slits 31 to form the package shown in FIG. 3. Details of new and improved machinery for assembling the cover 11 to the tray 10 may be had from the copending application Serial No. 566,014, aforementioned.

As an important aspect of the invention, and as shown in FIG. 6, the completed cartons may be stacked one upon the other safely and without crushing the contents of the cartons. The foot portions 23 and 25 of the erected trays 10 are arranged to be supported on each of the web portions 44 of the covers 11 of an underlying carton. Furthermore, and as an important aspect of the invention, bottom vent openings 60 (FIG. 5) are formed automatically at the lower corners of the carton tray when it is erected from a blank. To provide additional ventilation of packaged commodities each of the side walls may be provided with air vents 61 as shown in the drawings.

In use, the new carton may be opened very simply by merely severing the tear opening tongue 33, as described hereinabove, and pivoting it along the hinge line 17 away from the plane of wall 19. Advantageously and as a further aspect of the invention, the carton may be reclosed by returning the tongue 33 to its initial position in the plane of the wall 19 where it is held by the marginal edges of the glue panels 54 which slightly overlap its edges, as shown in FIG. 5.

In some packaging applications, it may be desirable in the interest of economy or for greater display of the contents to employ a draped, rectangular cellophane sheet in lieu of the cover 11 shown in FIG. 3. Thus, as shown in FIG. 7, a square, transparent sheet of plastic 70 may be draped in a catercornered manner across the top of the tray with each of its corners 71 disposed centrally of a side wall and then adhered thereto. In this manner the tray bulge panels 36 will impart a bulging configuration to the tray and may additionally serve as indicia bearing surfaces which will be visible through the cellophane sheet.

From the foregoing, it will be apparent that the new cartons provide a construction which may be produced economically in large quantities and which may be readily filled and completed on automatic packaging equipment of the type disclosed in more detail in copending application of William H. Bennert et al., Serial No. 566,014, for Berry Boxer. Furthermore, the new construction provides a rigid carton which may be safely stacked in vertical columns. Additionally, the new carton may be provided with varying degrees of bulge by using dilferent cover blanks having identical outer dimensions but having bulge panels and interconnecting tapered Webs of varying configurations. Still further, the new carton provides a virtually tamperproof closure while also providing easy access to the contents through an improved tear opening tongue.

We claim:

1. A substantially circular blank of sheet material for a tray or the like, including (a) a base panel having a polygonal configuration disposed with its center coincident with the center of said blank;

(b) wall panels articulated to each of said edges of said base panel;

(c) the side edges of said wall panels extending radially outwardly to the perimeter of said blank from the corners of said base panel;

(d) arcuate score lines extending inwardly between the intercepts of said side edges and said perimeter to define the upper edges of each of said side walls and with said perimeter to define elliptical panels contiguous therewith;

(e) flap means articulated to side edges of said wall panels and being derived from substantially all the sheet material disposed between the edges of adjacent wall panels.

2. A blank in accordance with claim 1, in which (a) the perimeter of said blank includes at least one straight edge.

3. A blank in accordance with claim 1, in which (a) said arcuate score lines are interrupted by centrally disposed locking slit means.

4. A blank in accordance with claim 3, in which (a) said slit means are substantially arcuate cuts of curvature opposite to that of said arcuate scores.

5. A blank in accordance with claim 1, in which (a) said flap means include individual flaps articulated to each edge of each of said wall panels;

(b) continuous cuts separate adjacent ones of said flaps;

(c) the outer edges of adjacent ones of said flaps are defined by a single straight line.

6. A blank in accordance with claim 1, in which (a) lower portions of selected ones of said flap means includes foot-forming portions.

7. A blank in accordance with claim 6, in which (a) said base panel is generally four sided; and

(b) said foot-forming portions are derived from corners of said base panel.

8. A blank in accordance with claim 1, in which (a) one of said wall panels includes a tear opening tongue;

(b) the side edges of said tongue are defined by converging lines of severance extending from said base panel toward the arcuate line defining the upper edge of said wall panel;

() the upper edge of said tongue is defined by a substantially arcuate locking slit disposed centrally of said arcuate line.

9. A blank in accordance with claim 1, in which (a) one of said wall panels includes a tear opening tongue;

(b) the side edges of said tongue are defined by converging lines of severance extending from said base panel toward the arcuate line defining the upper edge of said wall panel;

(c) the upper edge of said tongue is defined by a substantially arcuate locking slit disposed centrally of said arcuate line;

(d) said flap means includes glue flaps articulated to the wall panels adjacent said one wall panel;

10. A stackable, rigid, closed polygonal carton cornprising (a) a tray having a plurality of upstanding walls articulated to a common base panel;

(b) the upper edges of said walls are arcuate;

(c) substantially elliptical panels are articulated to said upper edges;

(d) said walls slope outwardly and upwardly from said base panel;

(e) means interconnecting said walls to form the corners of said tray;

(f) contiguous foot means extending in the planes of said side walls at said corners beneath the horizontal plane of said base panel;

(g) said foot means being derived at least in part from said base panel;

(h) a cover for said tray including a .plurality of generally horizontal web portions disposed at upper corners of said carton in vertical line with said foot means, whereby said web portions are adapted to support said foot means of another tray similar to said aforementioned tray;

(i) said cover includes a plurality of elliptical panels connected by said web portions;

(j) said elliptical panels slope inwardly and upwardly from said side walls.

11. A carton in accordance with claim 10, which includes (a) tear opening tongue means formed in at least one of said side walls;

(b) lines of severance extending from said base panel toward said locking slit means defining the side edges of said tongue means;

(c) said locking slit means defining the upper edge of said tongue means.

12. A carton in accordance with claim 11, in which (a) said foot means are included in adhesively coated glue flap legs which connect the corners of said tray;

(b) marginal portions of at least two of said glue flap legs are :free of adhesive and overlap said lines of severance;

(c) whereby said tongue means may be held in a reclosed position by said marginal portions.

13. A carton construction comprising (a) a tray portion including a bottom and a plurality of interconnected side walls;

(b) each of said walls having an elliptical support flap articulated thereto along arcuate score lines of predetermined curvature;

(c) substantially arcuate locking slit means of opposite curvature to that of said score lines formed at central portions thereof;

(d) whereby the partial inward folding of said elliptical flaps outwardly flexes said bottom walls and opens said locking slit means;

(e) cover means having a shape generally similar to said bottom structure and including a plurality of elliptical bulge panels;

(f) web means interconnecting said bulge panels along arcuate score lines of similar curvature to that of said first-mentioned lines;

(g) wedge shaped locking tab means articulated to the free edges of each of said bulge panels and adapted to be inserted into said locking slit means to lock said cover to said tray portion with said elliptical panels in a predetermined bulged relation; and

(h) tear opening tongue means formed in at least one of said side walls;

(i) lines of severance extending from said base panel toward said locking slit means defining the side edges of said tongue means;

(j) said locking slit means defining the upper edge of said tongue means.

7 8 14. A carton construction comprising (a) said sheet means is rectangular and is disposed in (a) a rectangular tray portion formed of paperboard a catercornered relation with said tray.

or the like having a plurality of interconnected, normally flat planar side walls; References Cited (b) bulge panels articulated along substantially arcu- 5 UNITED STATES PATENTS ate score lines to upper edges of said side walls; 1,980,667 11/1934 Daley 229-32 XR (c) said tray bulge panels being infolded toward the 1,988,698 1/1935 Newhouse 229-32 center of said tray and out of the normally fiat planes 04 6/ 1936 Labombarde 22932 XR of the side walls to impart an outwardly bulging 2,112,170 3/ 1933 0 cu vature thereto;

(d) transparent plastic sheet means cooperating with D AVIS MOORHEAD Primary Examiner and maintaining said bulge panels 1n sald lnfolded,

side wall bulging positions. US. Cl. X.R.

15. A carton in accordance with claim 14 in which 15 229-8, 16, 32, 45

US3447672A 1967-09-20 1967-09-20 Bulging cartons Expired - Lifetime US3447672A (en)

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Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4006586A (en) * 1974-02-14 1977-02-08 Casella Frank P Clock housing and decorative means therefor
US4054241A (en) * 1976-06-01 1977-10-18 American Can Company Tapered octagonal tray
US4187977A (en) * 1978-07-03 1980-02-12 Champion International Corporation Two piece produce box
US4291830A (en) * 1979-12-26 1981-09-29 Georgia-Pacific Corporation Container with locking lid
US4452355A (en) * 1982-09-16 1984-06-05 Champion International Corporation Display carton
DE3612674A1 (en) * 1985-04-15 1986-10-16 Carson Helicopters Inc A process for the gravity measurement from the air
US4678095A (en) * 1986-05-02 1987-07-07 Chicago Show Printing Co. Collapsible container
US4711389A (en) * 1985-12-11 1987-12-08 International Paper Company Self-supporting and spill resistant food carton
US4804137A (en) * 1987-12-11 1989-02-14 Harby Colin F Food container
US4923113A (en) * 1988-01-25 1990-05-08 Iberoamer Icana Del Ambalaje S.A. Container with a perfected lid
US5100052A (en) * 1991-09-16 1992-03-31 Slm Manufacturing Corporation Tubular display packages with tab locking, double wall hollow insert closure box
DE4242394A1 (en) * 1992-12-09 1994-07-07 Oekopack Gmbh Packaging Unit
US5379934A (en) * 1994-02-07 1995-01-10 Macmillan Bloedel Limited Closable tray
US6290122B1 (en) * 1998-11-27 2001-09-18 John D. Correll Versatile pizza carton
US20100072267A1 (en) * 2008-09-24 2010-03-25 Graphic Packaging International, Inc. Carton with Locking Sections
US20100089988A1 (en) * 2008-10-14 2010-04-15 Brand Kirsten L Carrier with locking features
US20120061456A1 (en) * 2010-09-10 2012-03-15 Orange County Container Group LLC Carton with improved strength sidewall panels
US20120312807A1 (en) * 2011-06-08 2012-12-13 Fitzwater Kelly R Tray With Curved Bottom Surface
US20130095723A1 (en) * 2011-10-15 2013-04-18 Really Brothers, Llc Folding toy figurine and method for making same
US8997986B2 (en) 2011-05-12 2015-04-07 Graphic Packaging International, Inc. Carrier with retention features
US9022277B2 (en) 2011-04-20 2015-05-05 Graphic Packaging International, Inc. Carrier with locking features
USD777027S1 (en) 2015-07-31 2017-01-24 Graphic Packaging International, Inc. Dispensing carton
US9567120B2 (en) 2014-12-16 2017-02-14 Graphic Packaging International, Inc. Carton for articles
GB2546992A (en) * 2016-02-03 2017-08-09 Mso Cleland Ltd A Carrier and a blank therefor
US9845182B2 (en) 2015-05-07 2017-12-19 Graphic Packaging International, Inc. Carton with handle

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1980667A (en) * 1933-05-26 1934-11-13 Robert Gair Co Inc Berry box
US1988698A (en) * 1933-08-30 1935-01-22 Walter F Newhouse Berry box
US2043104A (en) * 1932-10-12 1936-06-02 Frank B Clancy Process of making a box
US2112170A (en) * 1935-03-09 1938-03-22 Loos Arno Package
US3343660A (en) * 1966-01-14 1967-09-26 Riegel Paper Corp Box closure

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2043104A (en) * 1932-10-12 1936-06-02 Frank B Clancy Process of making a box
US1980667A (en) * 1933-05-26 1934-11-13 Robert Gair Co Inc Berry box
US1988698A (en) * 1933-08-30 1935-01-22 Walter F Newhouse Berry box
US2112170A (en) * 1935-03-09 1938-03-22 Loos Arno Package
US3343660A (en) * 1966-01-14 1967-09-26 Riegel Paper Corp Box closure

Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4006586A (en) * 1974-02-14 1977-02-08 Casella Frank P Clock housing and decorative means therefor
US4054241A (en) * 1976-06-01 1977-10-18 American Can Company Tapered octagonal tray
US4187977A (en) * 1978-07-03 1980-02-12 Champion International Corporation Two piece produce box
US4291830A (en) * 1979-12-26 1981-09-29 Georgia-Pacific Corporation Container with locking lid
US4452355A (en) * 1982-09-16 1984-06-05 Champion International Corporation Display carton
DE3612674A1 (en) * 1985-04-15 1986-10-16 Carson Helicopters Inc A process for the gravity measurement from the air
US4711389A (en) * 1985-12-11 1987-12-08 International Paper Company Self-supporting and spill resistant food carton
US4678095A (en) * 1986-05-02 1987-07-07 Chicago Show Printing Co. Collapsible container
US4804137A (en) * 1987-12-11 1989-02-14 Harby Colin F Food container
US4923113A (en) * 1988-01-25 1990-05-08 Iberoamer Icana Del Ambalaje S.A. Container with a perfected lid
US5100052A (en) * 1991-09-16 1992-03-31 Slm Manufacturing Corporation Tubular display packages with tab locking, double wall hollow insert closure box
DE4242394A1 (en) * 1992-12-09 1994-07-07 Oekopack Gmbh Packaging Unit
US5379934A (en) * 1994-02-07 1995-01-10 Macmillan Bloedel Limited Closable tray
US6290122B1 (en) * 1998-11-27 2001-09-18 John D. Correll Versatile pizza carton
US8317082B2 (en) 2008-09-24 2012-11-27 Graphic Packaging International, Inc. Carton with locking sections
US20100072267A1 (en) * 2008-09-24 2010-03-25 Graphic Packaging International, Inc. Carton with Locking Sections
US8376213B2 (en) * 2008-10-14 2013-02-19 Graphic Packaging International, Inc. Carrier with locking features
US20100089988A1 (en) * 2008-10-14 2010-04-15 Brand Kirsten L Carrier with locking features
US20120061456A1 (en) * 2010-09-10 2012-03-15 Orange County Container Group LLC Carton with improved strength sidewall panels
US9022277B2 (en) 2011-04-20 2015-05-05 Graphic Packaging International, Inc. Carrier with locking features
US8997986B2 (en) 2011-05-12 2015-04-07 Graphic Packaging International, Inc. Carrier with retention features
US20120312807A1 (en) * 2011-06-08 2012-12-13 Fitzwater Kelly R Tray With Curved Bottom Surface
US9078296B2 (en) * 2011-06-08 2015-07-07 Graphic Packaging International, Inc. Tray with curved bottom surface
US20130095723A1 (en) * 2011-10-15 2013-04-18 Really Brothers, Llc Folding toy figurine and method for making same
US9289695B2 (en) * 2011-10-15 2016-03-22 Really Brothers, Llc Folding toy figurine and method for making same
US9567120B2 (en) 2014-12-16 2017-02-14 Graphic Packaging International, Inc. Carton for articles
US9845182B2 (en) 2015-05-07 2017-12-19 Graphic Packaging International, Inc. Carton with handle
USD811218S1 (en) 2015-05-07 2018-02-27 Graphic Packaging International, Inc. Carton
USD824758S1 (en) 2015-05-07 2018-08-07 Graphic Packaging International, Llc Carton
USD777027S1 (en) 2015-07-31 2017-01-24 Graphic Packaging International, Inc. Dispensing carton
GB2546992A (en) * 2016-02-03 2017-08-09 Mso Cleland Ltd A Carrier and a blank therefor

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