US3446102A - Pliers - Google Patents

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Publication number
US3446102A
US3446102A US3446102DA US3446102A US 3446102 A US3446102 A US 3446102A US 3446102D A US3446102D A US 3446102DA US 3446102 A US3446102 A US 3446102A
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United States
Prior art keywords
pliers
members
jaw members
gripping
link
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Clarence E Hallmark
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CLARENCE E HALLMARK
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CLARENCE E HALLMARK
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B7/00Pliers; Other hand-held gripping tools with jaws on pivoted limbs; Details applicable generally to pivoted-limb hand tools
    • B25B7/12Pliers; Other hand-held gripping tools with jaws on pivoted limbs; Details applicable generally to pivoted-limb hand tools involving special transmission means between the handles and the jaws, e.g. toggle levers, gears
    • B25B7/123Pliers; Other hand-held gripping tools with jaws on pivoted limbs; Details applicable generally to pivoted-limb hand tools involving special transmission means between the handles and the jaws, e.g. toggle levers, gears with self-locking toggle levers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B7/00Pliers; Other hand-held gripping tools with jaws on pivoted limbs; Details applicable generally to pivoted-limb hand tools
    • B25B7/02Jaws

Description

May 27, 1969 c. E. HALLMARK PLIERS Filed March 11, 1966 m T A T W m g; C'lorcxz ce Ha [him/X, demasea R by Francz'na Aallmark,

Adm z'nz's/ra lP/X United States Patent US. Cl. 81-369 4 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A manually operated gripping tool which is provided with a plurality of hollow tubular extensions mounted on each of a pair of jaws between retracted and extended positions. The jaws are actuated by a toggle mechanism between open and closed positions and are releasably locked in the closed positon. A release lever is provided on a handle portion of one of the jaws to actuate the release of the toggle linkage to permit opening of the jaws. An adjustment screw is included to permit varying the distance between the jaws when in the closed position. The gripping portion of the jaws which grip the article are adapted to be connected to clamping means of various configuration to facilitate the handling of various articles.

This invention relates to hand tools, and more particularly, to that form of hand tool known in the art as pliers. Pliers are defined as a pinching tool that is operated in one hand.

There are an unlimited number of different types of pliers. Most of them have difierenrt forms of gripping points that are more or less straight instead of being curved like pincers.

Pliers are usually limited to a predetermined type of work by reason of the configuration of their gripping points. This limited use of pliers often leads to the purchase of several dilferent types of pliers, particularly if ones livelihood requires their more or less constant use for many different purposes. This is particularly true in the art of automotive repairing as well as in many other arts, such as work in the machine shop.

It is, therefore, the principal object of this invention to provide pliers that have interchangeable gripping points, as will be hereinafter pointed out in this specification.

Another object of this invention is to provide pliers, the nose of which is adjustable in length by reason of its unique telescoping construction.

Still another object of this invention is to provide pliers that have jaws that are adaptable to any work placed therein.

Other and further objects of this invention will appear as the reading of the specifications proceeds and the drawing is examined.

In the drawing:

FIG. 1 is a side view of this invention.

FIG. 2 is a pictorial view of one of the gripping points of this invention.

FIG. 3 is a pictorial view of an optional form of gripping end of this invention.

FIG. 4 is a pictorial view of still another form of gripping end of this invention.

FIG. 5 is a vertical sectional view of a portion of this invention, taken substantially along line 55 of FIGURE 1, and viewed in the direction indicated by the arrows.

The reference number indicates this invention in its entirely. The invention consists basically of two main parts: The stationary Z-shaped jaw member 11 and the movable L-shaped jaw member 12. The Z-shaped member 11 is pivotally secured to the L-shaped member 12 by the rivet or pin 13.

ice

The aforesaid Z-shaped member 11 is provided with a hollow outer end 14 that is rectangular, when viewed from the front, and a hollow handle 15. In this handle 15 is located the major part of the adjusting screw 16 which has its head 17 projecting out beyond the end of the aforesaid end 15, as clearly shown in FIGURE 1 of the appended drawing.

Locking action for the hand tool 10 is accomplished by means of a conventional toggle linkage in the form of a link member 18 pivotally connected to L-shaped member 12 at pin 19 and a second link 20 pivotally connected to link member 18 by a pin 35.

Link 20 extends upwardly through hollow handle 15 and is biased downwardly, as viewed in FIG. 1, by a tension spring 21 secured to link 18 by a rivet 34.

Upward movement of link member 18 moves link member 20 upwardly into contact with the inner end of adjusting screw 16. Further upward movement of link 18 to overcome the bias of spring 21 moves the toggle pivot point 35 past the toggle joint center line located between pin 19 and the abutment between link 20 and screw 16 to complete the conventional locking of members 11 and 12 in the closed position.

A release trigger 22 is pivotally connected to handle 15 by pin 23 and includes a lower end 24 engageable with the upper side of link member 18. Upward movement of trigger 22 pivots link member 18 downwardly, as viewed in FIG. 1, and releases the locking action by causing the toggle pivot point 34 to move below the previously mentioned toggle joint center line.

Any desired number of tubular extension members 25 are mounted end to end in telescope fashion in the hollow outer end 14 of the Z-shaped member 11 while an alike number of similar extension members that are indicated by the same reference number 25 are likewise mounted in the hollow outer end 26 of the aforesaid L-shaped member 12 of this invention. The members 25 are secured in the outer end of members 11 and 12 by means of the pins 27, as one can see on examination of FIGURES 1 and 5 of the appended drawing. An L-shaped gripping member 28, having an inwardly turned end 29, is mounted in the outermost end of the last of the tubular members 25 connected to jaw members 11 and 12, thereby completing the assembly of this invention of a pliers.

The aforesaid ends 29 of the L-shaped members 28 may terminate in an enlarged head 30, as in FIGURE 2 of the drawing, or in a tubular member 31 to which the outermost end of the end 29 is secured by a rivet 32, as in FIGURE 3, or the tube 31 may be secured to a rectangular plate 33, as one can see by looking at FIGURE 4 of the drawing. The obvious purpose of these alternate forms of termination of the inwardly turned end 29 of each L-shaped member 28 is to insure that the pliers be adaptable to any special form of desired work.

It is clear from reading the above description of the construction of this invention that the pliers are used in the usual manner except that one can adjust the maximum closing distance between the two opposed inwardly turned ends 29, merely by adjusting the screw 16. Should one want to release the grip of the pliers suddenly all he has to do is to move the previously mentioned release trigger 22 to the upwardly as viewed in FIGURE 1 of the drawing.

This invention is subject to any detail changes in design in so long as the changes fall within the scope and intent of the appended claims.

It is claimed:

1. A gripping or pinching hand tool comprising, in combination, first and second jaw members pivotably connected to one another for relative movement toward one another, said jaw members including hollow end portions; means connected to said jaw members for a manually acuating said jaw members between an open and closed position; means for adjustably changing the effective length of said jaw members, said means including at least one elongate extension member removably received in a respective hollow end portion of each of said jaw members and the other end of said extension members having releasable connecting means, whereby a selected number of extension members may be connected to said jaw members to effectively change the length thereof; and a pair of gripping members each having a turned in end portion and being removably received in each respective terminal extension member of said jaw members.

2. The tool defined in claim 1 wherein said means 15 for actuating said jaw members includes a toggle linkage mechanism for releasably locking said jaw members in said closed position.

3. The tool defined in claim 2 including a release lever pivotally connected to said first jaw member and engaging said toggle linkage mechanism to release said jaw members from said closed position.

4. A gripping or pinching tool comprising, in combination, first and second movable jaw members pivotally connected together for relative movement toward one another, one end of each of said jaw members including a plurality of tubular extension members, each slidably mounted within the next adjacent extension member between extended and retracted positions for adjustably changing the effective length of said jaw members; actuating means carried by said jaw members for manually moving saidtjaw members between said open and closed positions; and a gripping member having a turn-in end portion mounted on the terminal extension member of each of said jaw members.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,5 92,807 4/ 1952 Jones 81369 2,641,149 6/ 1953 Petersen -8 13 80 FOREIGN PATENTS 857,480 12/1952 Germany. 641,885 7/ 1962 Italy.

ANDREW R. JUHASZ, Primary Examiner.

G. WEIDENFELD, Assistant Examiner.

US. Cl. X.R.

US3446102D 1966-03-11 1966-03-11 Pliers Expired - Lifetime US3446102A (en)

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Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3984092A (en) * 1975-06-04 1976-10-05 Fitzpatrick John L Article gripping adapter for clamps
US4475728A (en) * 1982-07-01 1984-10-09 Haddad Arthur K Toggle actuated bench clamp
US4660816A (en) * 1985-11-18 1987-04-28 Taylor Robert E Clamping device
US4673174A (en) * 1986-07-11 1987-06-16 Tabbert William D Angle clamping tool
US5311798A (en) * 1990-04-02 1994-05-17 Trusky Michael T Spring spreading tool
US20050204529A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2005-09-22 Richardson William S Brass bushing press
US20070051213A1 (en) * 2005-09-02 2007-03-08 Maine Land Research & Development Locking clamp device
US20070280797A1 (en) * 2006-05-31 2007-12-06 Black & Decker Inc. Pocket Hole Jig Tool System
US20070280796A1 (en) * 2006-05-31 2007-12-06 Black & Decker Inc. Pocket Hole Jig Tool System
US20070280795A1 (en) * 2006-05-31 2007-12-06 Black & Decker Inc. Pocket Hole Jig Tool System
US20100018365A1 (en) * 2008-07-24 2010-01-28 Maine Land Research & Development , Inc. Removable clamping member
US20140000085A1 (en) * 2012-07-02 2014-01-02 A. Raymond Et Cie Removal tool and method for photovoltaic fastener
US20140265085A1 (en) * 2013-03-15 2014-09-18 Stephen D. Albin Adjustable toggle action quick release locking bar clamp
WO2014177539A1 (en) * 2013-04-30 2014-11-06 Bessey Tool Gmbh & Co. Kg Clamping tool
US20150020650A1 (en) * 2013-07-16 2015-01-22 Scott K. Ford Gripper tool with multi-function attachments
USD759451S1 (en) * 2015-04-16 2016-06-21 Harry Wong Combo tip pliers
US20160368119A1 (en) * 2015-06-22 2016-12-22 Kreg Enterprises, Inc. Self-Adjusting Clamp System
US20170113330A1 (en) * 2014-10-17 2017-04-27 Matthew E. Williams Alignment and adjustment clamp
US10676037B2 (en) * 2015-09-22 2020-06-09 Grip Racks LLC Modular roof rack clamping system

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2592807A (en) * 1950-01-23 1952-04-15 Harold T Jones Locking wrench and plier
DE857480C (en) * 1951-08-01 1952-12-01 Hermann Roethlisberger Universal Hand Tool
US2641149A (en) * 1951-06-27 1953-06-09 Petersen Mfg Gripping tool

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2592807A (en) * 1950-01-23 1952-04-15 Harold T Jones Locking wrench and plier
US2641149A (en) * 1951-06-27 1953-06-09 Petersen Mfg Gripping tool
DE857480C (en) * 1951-08-01 1952-12-01 Hermann Roethlisberger Universal Hand Tool

Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3984092A (en) * 1975-06-04 1976-10-05 Fitzpatrick John L Article gripping adapter for clamps
US4475728A (en) * 1982-07-01 1984-10-09 Haddad Arthur K Toggle actuated bench clamp
US4660816A (en) * 1985-11-18 1987-04-28 Taylor Robert E Clamping device
US4673174A (en) * 1986-07-11 1987-06-16 Tabbert William D Angle clamping tool
US5311798A (en) * 1990-04-02 1994-05-17 Trusky Michael T Spring spreading tool
US20050204529A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2005-09-22 Richardson William S Brass bushing press
US7415912B2 (en) * 2005-09-02 2008-08-26 Maine Land Research & Development, Inc. Locking clamp device
US20070051213A1 (en) * 2005-09-02 2007-03-08 Maine Land Research & Development Locking clamp device
US20080277855A1 (en) * 2005-11-22 2008-11-13 Maine Land Research & Development, Inc. Removable clamping member
US20070280796A1 (en) * 2006-05-31 2007-12-06 Black & Decker Inc. Pocket Hole Jig Tool System
US20070280795A1 (en) * 2006-05-31 2007-12-06 Black & Decker Inc. Pocket Hole Jig Tool System
US20070280797A1 (en) * 2006-05-31 2007-12-06 Black & Decker Inc. Pocket Hole Jig Tool System
US8052358B2 (en) 2006-05-31 2011-11-08 Black & Decker Inc. Pocket hole jig system
US7967534B2 (en) 2006-05-31 2011-06-28 Black & Decker Inc. Pocket hole jig tool system
US20110164935A1 (en) * 2006-05-31 2011-07-07 Black & Decker Inc. Pocket Hole Jig System
US8029214B2 (en) 2006-05-31 2011-10-04 Black & Decker Inc. Pocket hole jig tool system
US7976252B2 (en) 2006-05-31 2011-07-12 Black & Decker Inc. Pocket hole jig tool system
US20100018365A1 (en) * 2008-07-24 2010-01-28 Maine Land Research & Development , Inc. Removable clamping member
US20140000085A1 (en) * 2012-07-02 2014-01-02 A. Raymond Et Cie Removal tool and method for photovoltaic fastener
WO2014008085A1 (en) * 2012-07-02 2014-01-09 A. Raymond Et Cie Removal tool and method for photovoltaic fastener
US20140265085A1 (en) * 2013-03-15 2014-09-18 Stephen D. Albin Adjustable toggle action quick release locking bar clamp
WO2014177539A1 (en) * 2013-04-30 2014-11-06 Bessey Tool Gmbh & Co. Kg Clamping tool
US9889543B2 (en) 2013-04-30 2018-02-13 Bessey Tool Gmbh & Co. Kg Clamping tool
US20150020650A1 (en) * 2013-07-16 2015-01-22 Scott K. Ford Gripper tool with multi-function attachments
US9566691B2 (en) * 2013-07-16 2017-02-14 Scott K. Ford Gripper tool with multi-function attachments
US10201891B2 (en) * 2014-10-17 2019-02-12 Matthew E. Williams Alignment and adjustment clamp
US20170113330A1 (en) * 2014-10-17 2017-04-27 Matthew E. Williams Alignment and adjustment clamp
USD759451S1 (en) * 2015-04-16 2016-06-21 Harry Wong Combo tip pliers
US20160368119A1 (en) * 2015-06-22 2016-12-22 Kreg Enterprises, Inc. Self-Adjusting Clamp System
US10676037B2 (en) * 2015-09-22 2020-06-09 Grip Racks LLC Modular roof rack clamping system

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