US344322A - lunge - Google Patents

lunge Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US344322A
US344322A US344322DA US344322A US 344322 A US344322 A US 344322A US 344322D A US344322D A US 344322DA US 344322 A US344322 A US 344322A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
apparatus
plate
gases
plates
liquid
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US344322A publication Critical patent/US344322A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D3/00Distillation or related exchange processes in which liquids are contacted with gaseous media, e.g. stripping
    • B01D3/14Fractional distillation or use of a fractionation or rectification column
    • B01D3/16Fractionating columns in which vapour bubbles through liquid
    • B01D3/22Fractionating columns in which vapour bubbles through liquid with horizontal sieve plates or grids; Construction of sieve plates or grids

Description

(No Model.) 3 Sheets-Sheet 1.

G. LUNGS. APPARATUS FOR TREATING LIQUIDS WITH GASES. No. 344,322. Patented June 22, 1886.

Fig.1. I T

Pholo-Lnhcgnphcr. Wahingiun, n. C

(No Model.) 3-Sheets-Sheet 2.

G. LUNGE; APPARATUS FOR TREATING LIQUIDS WITH GASES.

No. 344,322. Patented June 22, 1886.

I F1' .5. I- as \muJ-r llllllll'l llll llIlIIII|l|Il-l IIIIIII IIIAII.II lllllllllllllll ,6 my

lllllllllLll-Il Illllllllllllll ll'llllll'lllllll' N ETEHS. Phuto lxlhoglaphor. Wnhinglnn. D. c.

(No Model.) 3 Sheets-Sheet 3.

G. LUNGES APPARATUS FOR TREATING LIQUIDS WITH GASES.

Patented June 22, 1886.

N PETERS FhaXo-Llihvgnphen Washington. 11C.

-fits the downward-projecting socket c of the UNITED STATES PATENT OFFKIE.

GEORGE LUNGE, OF ZURICH, SIVITZERLAND.

APPARATUS FOR TREATING LIQUIDS WITH GASES.

forming part of Letters Patent No. 344,322, dated June 22, 1886.

Application filed September 28. 1885.

To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, GEORGE LUNGE, a citizen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, residing in Zurich, Switzerland, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Apparatus for the Action of Gases upon Liquids or Solids, of which the following is a specification.

The object of this my present invention is an apparatus for bringing gases in intimate contact with liquid or solid bodies, whereby, in conformity to the well-known requirement of many operations of industrial chemistry, the action of the gases upon the liquids or solids takes place as perfectly as possible.

In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a vertical section of my apparatus. Fig. 2 is a bottom view of an essential part of the apparatus; Fig. 3, a vertical transverse section, taken in the plane of the line, a [1 Fig. 2, and Fig. at a vertical transverse section taken in the plane of the line 8 r, Fig. 2, of the same part.

The vessel A, forming the base of the apparatus, is provided with the inlet pipe a for the gases, and the outlet-pipe It for theliquid, and is surrounded by a trough, 0, into which plate 13, in order to constitute a so-called hydraulic or water lute. The plate Bis likewise surrounded by a trough c, in which is placed the downward-projecting socket c of a following plate, B Upon this plate B there is placed another plate, 13*, of similar construction, and thus any number of plates, 13* B, of similar construction, may be successively superposed over one another, always forming hydraulic lutes between the trough e of each one plate and the socket c of each following plate. In these plates 13 B 13 rows of holes d are disposed in such a way that these rows of holes are situated alternately on the right and on the left side of the plates. The upper ends of the holes d are surrounded by low collars, but the remainder of the upper surfaces of the plates are plain and horizontal. The lower surfaces of the plates are preferably as shown by Fig. l of the drawings, inclined in such manner that they descend from the holes (I to the opposite side of the plate. Furrows Z, Figs. 2, 4, departing from the holes (I, the purpose of which is Serial No. 178. 159. (No model.)

hereinafter specified, may be advantageously disposed upon the inclined lower surfaces.

lVe will suppose that in the apparatus an action of gases upon a liquid is to take place. The gases in this case enter the vessel 15 through the pipe (I, while the liquid to be treated is flowing through the pipefupou the top or covering plate C of the tower-like apparatus. This covering-plate C is analogous in construction to the other plates, BBB only, in case the gases which leave the apparatus are still to be conveyed to some other apparatus the holes d of the covering-plate O are provided with hydraulic lutes joining these holes to the pipes which convey the gases to the following apparatus. The gases ascending through the holes (Z pass the apparatus in a zigzag line, and are thereby brought into most intimate contact with the liquid, which, flowing over the low collars which surround the holes d, descends from plate to plate, and finally flows off in a very concentrated state through the pipe 7:. The gases do not only come into contact with the thin layer of liquid spread upon the upper surfaces of the plates B B B, but also with those layers of liquid which adhere to the inclined lower surfaces of those plates, the liquid flowing down by adhesion from the holes (1 over the inclined lower surfaces of the plates. By this means there is a very extensive surface of contact afforded between the gases and the liquid.

In order to form the hydraulic lutes, water or any other convenient liquid, as the case may be, is made to run through the cock y into the uppermost trough, c, of the apparatus. The liquid descends by means of overflows situated alternately at opposite sides of the troughs 0, passes in this way through all the hydraulic lutes, and finally leaves the trough 1), running off at h. This stream of liquid through the hydraulic lutes, which may either be continuous or intermittent, serves in many cases advantageously for cooling the apparatus. 7

In some cases the apparatus hereabove described may be slightly modified, in the manner represented by Figs. 5 to 9 of the drawings. Fig. 5 is a vertical section of the modified apparatus; Fig. 6, the top View, and Fig. 7 the bottom View, of the covering-plate C. Fig. 8 is the top View of one of the other plates. Fig. 9 is a partbf the vertical section, Fig. 5, on a larger scale.

The plates B B B are in this modified construction of the apparatus provided with very many small holes, the total cross-section of which is greater than that of the gas-inlet pipe at. The lower surface of the plates is plain and horizontal. The upper surface may be slightly hollowed out at m, Fig. 9, between the small holes. from one plate to the following one, so that the liquid traversing the holes falls upon a solid piece of the following plate, and is thereby scattered about. thoroughly dispersed and caused to continuously change their course by the manner of arranging the perforations of the plates, and

The same arrangement is also given to the covering-plate 0, Fig. 6, which may have in each compartment one or more larger holes, (1, instead of a greater number of small ones. These larger holes d, as already stated in the description of the first apparatus, and represented by Fig. 5, can be easily connected by means of water-lutes with the pipes which convey the gases to some other piece of apparatus.

The liquid may advantageously be spread over the surface of the covering-plate O by means of a reaction-wheel 70, Fig. 5.

In order to distribute the liquid uniformly over the following-plate, furrows n, Fig. 7, may depart radially from the holes 01 on the lower surface of the covering-plate G.

If in such apparatus gases have to act upon These latter are alternated The ascending gases are solid bodies, or mixtures of solid and liquid bodies, the plates B B B may be singly filled with the solid, or the mixture of solid and liquid substances,and superposed over one another, and as soon as the operation is ended they may be lifted off and emptied one after the other.

The apparatus shown by'Figs. 1 to 4 is more appropriate for treating solid substances in the shape of a powder or a mud,while the apparatus shown by Figs. 5 to 9 is more convenient for treating coarsely granulated substances.

The apparatus may be constructed of stoneware, earthenware, metal, wood, or any other convenient material. Instead of the square or circular shape of the plates B B B, (shown 1 by the drawings,) any other form may be em ployed.

I claim as my invention 1. The combination, in a condenser, of vessel A, having pipes a R,with superposed perforated plates B B, 8m, connected by hydraulic lutes, substantially-as and for the pur- GEORGE LUNGE.

Witnesses ROBERT E. SCHMIDTZ, FRANGOTT SANDMEYER.

US344322D lunge Expired - Lifetime US344322A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US344322A true US344322A (en) 1886-06-22

Family

ID=2413395

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US344322D Expired - Lifetime US344322A (en) lunge

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US344322A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2666737A (en) * 1949-01-10 1954-01-19 Shell Dev Fractionating column with removable trays
US2671053A (en) * 1947-06-20 1954-03-02 Shell Dev Method and apparatus for high vacuum distillation
US5073311A (en) * 1988-04-21 1991-12-17 Yuugen Kaisha Parasight Multiple-gas-phase liquid treatment apparatus
US8215492B2 (en) 2003-09-18 2012-07-10 Pur Water Purification Products, Inc. Water treatment devices and cartridges therefor

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2671053A (en) * 1947-06-20 1954-03-02 Shell Dev Method and apparatus for high vacuum distillation
US2666737A (en) * 1949-01-10 1954-01-19 Shell Dev Fractionating column with removable trays
US5073311A (en) * 1988-04-21 1991-12-17 Yuugen Kaisha Parasight Multiple-gas-phase liquid treatment apparatus
US8215492B2 (en) 2003-09-18 2012-07-10 Pur Water Purification Products, Inc. Water treatment devices and cartridges therefor

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3235234A (en) Apparatus for aerating water
US3364656A (en) Method for effecting countercurrent contacting of gas and liquid streams
US3353799A (en) Fluid treating apparatus and packing construction therefor
US3468795A (en) Process and plant for biological purification of waste water and sewage
US3218249A (en) Vapor-liquid distribution method and apparatus for the conversion of hydrocarbons
US3997303A (en) Liquid-gas phase separator having a perforated plate and mist eliminator pad
US2973189A (en) Fractionating columns
GB1280696A (en) Settling apparatus with provision for flow stabilizing
US3156746A (en) Contacting apparatus for rectifying and contacting columns
CA1056715A (en) Grids for fluid contact apparatus
US2011186A (en) Process and apparatus for intimately contacting fluids
US4052491A (en) Modular gas and liquid contact means
US5512141A (en) Distillation apparatus
US2693949A (en) Apparatus for contacting gases and liquids
US3360246A (en) Distributor with bed-level limiter
US3343821A (en) Grids for vapor-liquid contact apparatus
US2635949A (en) Apparatus for contacting solids with fluids
US2834466A (en) Liquid purification apparatus
US5145612A (en) Apparatus for mixing vapor in a countercurrent column
US3039749A (en) Packing for gas-liquid contacting equipment
US5262094A (en) Fractionation tray having packing immediately below tray deck
US3189335A (en) Arched packing for cooling towers
US3219324A (en) Apparatus for interphase contact between fluids
US2091349A (en) Fractional distillation
US693455A (en) Drier for cotton or other materials.