US3434380A - Salvo-firing open chamber gun - Google Patents

Salvo-firing open chamber gun Download PDF

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US3434380A
US3434380A US665139A US3434380DA US3434380A US 3434380 A US3434380 A US 3434380A US 665139 A US665139 A US 665139A US 3434380D A US3434380D A US 3434380DA US 3434380 A US3434380 A US 3434380A
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firing
chamber
round
ammunition
projectiles
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US665139A
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David Dardick
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TROUND INTERNATIONAL Inc A CORP OF DEL
Northrop Grumman Space and Mission Systems Corp
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Northrop Grumman Space and Mission Systems Corp
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A9/00Feeding or loading of ammunition; Magazines; Guiding means for the extracting of cartridges
    • F41A9/35Feeding multibarrel guns
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A9/00Feeding or loading of ammunition; Magazines; Guiding means for the extracting of cartridges
    • F41A9/01Feeding of unbelted ammunition
    • F41A9/24Feeding of unbelted ammunition using a movable magazine or clip as feeding element
    • F41A9/26Feeding of unbelted ammunition using a movable magazine or clip as feeding element using a revolving drum magazine
    • F41A9/27Feeding of unbelted ammunition using a movable magazine or clip as feeding element using a revolving drum magazine in revolver-type guns
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A9/00Feeding or loading of ammunition; Magazines; Guiding means for the extracting of cartridges
    • F41A9/38Loading arrangements, i.e. for bringing the ammunition into the firing position
    • F41A9/46Loading arrangements, i.e. for bringing the ammunition into the firing position the cartridge chamber being formed by two complementary elements, movable one relative to the other for loading
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41FAPPARATUS FOR LAUNCHING PROJECTILES OR MISSILES FROM BARRELS, e.g. CANNONS; LAUNCHERS FOR ROCKETS OR TORPEDOES; HARPOON GUNS
    • F41F1/00Launching apparatus for projecting projectiles or missiles from barrels, e.g. cannons; Harpoon guns
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41FAPPARATUS FOR LAUNCHING PROJECTILES OR MISSILES FROM BARRELS, e.g. CANNONS; LAUNCHERS FOR ROCKETS OR TORPEDOES; HARPOON GUNS
    • F41F1/00Launching apparatus for projecting projectiles or missiles from barrels, e.g. cannons; Harpoon guns
    • F41F1/08Multibarrel guns, e.g. twin guns
    • F41F1/085Multibarrel guns, e.g. twin guns with oscillating barrels; with barrels having variable relative orientation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F42AMMUNITION; BLASTING
    • F42BEXPLOSIVE CHARGES, e.g. FOR BLASTING, FIREWORKS, AMMUNITION
    • F42B5/00Cartridge ammunition, e.g. separately-loaded propellant charges
    • F42B5/02Cartridges, i.e. cases with charge and missile
    • F42B5/03Cartridges, i.e. cases with charge and missile containing more than one missile

Description

March 25, 1969 o. DARDICK 3,434,380

SALVO-FIRING OPEN CHAMBER GUN Filed Sept. 1, 1967 Elia-Z INVENTOR. DA V/D D nee/CK United States Patent SALVO-FIRING OPEN CHAMBER GUN David Dardick, Palos Verdes Peninsula, Calif., assignor to TRW Inc., Redondo Beach, Calif., a corporation of Ohio Filed Sept. 1, 1967, Ser. No. 665,139 Int. Cl. F41d 7/00 U.S. CI. 89-13 8 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE REFERENCE TO COPENDING APPLICATIONS Reference is made herein to copending application Ser. No. 665,136, filed Sept. 1, 1967, entitled, Semicombustible Ammunition for Open Chamber Breech Mechanism, and Ser. No. 671,910, filed Sept. 1, 1967, entitled, Sealed Open Chamber Breech Mechanism and Caseless Ammunition Therefor.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Field of the invention This invention relates generally to open chamber guns. More particularly, the invention relates to an open chamber gun for firing salvo-type ammunition character ized by multiple projectiles which are fired simultaneously through separate barrels of the gun.

As will appear from the ensuing description, the features of the invention may be embodied in open chamber guns having either a fixed barrel construction in which each barrel remains stationary at all times and a firing chamber is stationarily aligned with the barrel, at least during firing of an ammunition round in the chamber, or a rotary barrel construction in which each barrel and an aligned firing chamber undergo unified rotation during firing about an axis parallel to and laterally spaced from the barrel. The invention will be disclosed in connection with a fixed barrel open chamber gun.

Prior art Open chamber guns are known in the art. Typical guns of this type, for example, are disclosed in Patent Nos. 2,983,223, 3,041,938, 2,831,140, 2,847,784, and 3,044,- 690. Generally speaking, an open chamber gun is characterized by an open chamber breech mechanism including a breech frame having a chamber containing a rotary carrier or cylinder with one or more firing chambers which open laterally through the circumference of the cylinder. The cylinder is supported on the breech frame for rotation or oscillation on an axis parallel to and spaced from the gun barrel to locate each firing chamber in an ammunition infeed position, wherein the open side of the chamber registers with an ammunition infeed opening in the breech frame to permit lateral infeed movement of an ammunition round into the chamber, and a firing position wherein the breech frame firing strap closes the open side of the firing chamber and the firing chamber opens forwardly to the gun bore to condition the gun for firing of the round in the chamber. Each firing chamber rotates from firing position to infeed posi tion through an intervening cartridge case ejection position wherein the open side of the chamber registers with 3,434,380 Patented Mar. 25, 1969 a cartridge case ejection opening in the breech frame to grmit lateral ejection of the spent cartridge case after The open chamber guns disclosed in the prior art patents listed above are designed to fire ammunition rounds containing a single projectile. To this end, the guns are characterized by a single barrel at each firing station which is disposed for coaxial alignment with each firing chamber upon rotation of the respective chamber to firing position at the station.

During firing of a round at the firing station, the single projectile of the round is propelled forwardly through the barrel by the expanding, high-pressure propellant gas generated by the propellant charge of the round during firing.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention provides a gun for firing salvotype multiple projectile rounds, each containing a plurality of projectiles which are spaced laterally of and positionally fixed with respect to the longitudinal axis of the round. The projectiles of a typical ammunition round, according to the invention, are elongated longitudinally of the round and may have a conventional bullet shape or other projectile shapes.

Generally speaking, the present gun is characterized by at least one cluster of separate bores or barrels and a breech mechanism at the breech end of the cluster having a firing chamber for containing each ammunition round in firing position relative to the cluster. In this firing position, the projectiles of the contained round are coaxially aligned with the bores, respectively, in the cluster. The disclosed embodiment of the invention, for example, is an open chamber gun wherein the breech mechanism includes an open chamber carrier or cylinder containing a number of firing chambers which open longitudinally through the front end and laterally through the circumference of the cylinder. The cylinder is supported in a breech frame for rotation to locate each chamber in ammunition infeed, firing, and ejection positions. In infeed and ejection positions, the open sides of the chambers are exposed for lateral movement of rounds into and lateral movement of spent cartridge cases or unfired rounds from the chambers. In firing positions, the open sides of the chambers are closed by the frame.

When a round is fired in the present gun, the projectiles are propelled forwardly in unison through their respective aligned bores whereby the present gun fires a cluster of dispersed projectiles. As will appear from the latter description, the use of separate bores or barrels in the present gun achieves a highly important advantage which is optimum dispersion or spread of the projectile fired from each salvo round. However, the gun may be equipped with adjustable means for relatively angularly displacing the barrels in such a way as to vary the dispersion of the projectiles in flight. In the disclosed embodiment of the invention, for example, the several barrels in the barrel cluster are laterally flexible, and the adjusting means comprise an adjusting member for laterally deflecting the outer ends of the barrels toward and away from one another.

A unique feature of the invention resides in the fact that the firing chamber of the gun and each ammunition round have noncircular shapes in transverse cross-section which complement one another in such a way that the firing chamber automatically orients the round in a position wherein the projectiles of the round are coaxially aligned with the barrels of the breech mechanism when the firing chamber is in firing position. The disclosed embodiment of the invention, for example, is an open chamber gun wherein each firing chamber and ammunition rounds have the same generally triangular shapes in cross-section as the firing chambers and open chamber ammunition disclosed in the aforementioned patents. As noted in the patents, these shapes have another highly important advantage in connection with cased open cham ber ammunition which involves utilization of the cartridge case of the ammunition for sealing the interfaces of the breech mechanism against propellant gas leakage during firing without rupture of the case. In this connection, attention is directed to the fact that the ammunition features or improvements of the invention may be embodied in cased ammunition similar to that disclosed in the aforementioned patents, semi-combustible ammunition similar to that disclosed in the aforementioned copending application entitled Semicombustible Ammunition for Open Chamber Breech Mechanisms, and in caseless ammunition similar to that disclosed in copending application entitled Sealed Open Chamber Breech Mechanism and Caseless Ammunition Therefor.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a side elevation of an open chamber gun, according to the invention;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary longitudinal section through the gun;

FIG. 3 is a section taken on line 3-3 in FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is an enlarged section taken on line 4-4 in FIG. 1;

FIG. 5 is a section taken on line 55 in FIG. 2;

FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a salvo ammunition round to be fired in the gun;

FIG. 7 is a longitudinal section through the round; and

FIG. 8 is an enlarged section taken on line 8-8 in FIG. 7.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Reference is made first to FIGS. 6-8 illustrating a salvotype, multiple projectile open chamber ammunition round 10, according to the invention. The illustrated ammunition is cased ammunition and comprises an outer yieldable, noncombustible cartridge case 12 which is typically constructed of a suitable noncombustible plastic, such as one of the plastic materials referred to in the earlier mentioned patents. Cartridge case 12 has the preferred, generally triangular round shape in transverse cross-section which characterizes open chamber ammunition and includes front and rear transverse end walls 14 and 16, respectively, and longitudinal side walls 18. Contained within the cartridge case 12 are a plurality of projectiles and a propellant charge 22.

The projectiles 20 are elongated longitudinally of the round, and, in this instance, have conventional bullet shapes. In the particular salvo ammunition illustrated, the projectiles are three in number and are uniformly spaced about the longitudinally axis of the round in such a way that the projectiles are disposed in radial planes, respectively, containing the axis and the three longitudinal apex edges of the cartridge case 12. Extending through the front end wall 14 of the cartridge case, in coaxial alignment with the projectiles, are bores 24. Sealed to the walls of these bores are obturating sleeves 26 frictionally receiving the projectiles. The propellant charge 22 fills the remaining interior volume of the cartridge case 12 in such manner that the propellant encapsulates the projectiles and their obturating sleeves. Mounted in the rear end wall 16 of the cartridge case 12 is a primer 28.

Turning now to FIGS. 1-5, there is illustrated an open chamber gun 30 according to the invention for firing the salvo-type, multiprojectile round 10. Gun 30 is conventional, in most respects, and for this reason has been illustrated in simplified fashion. The gun comprises an open chamber breech mechanism 31, including a breech frame 32 having the usual fiat rectangular shape and containing a chamber 34. Chamber 34 opens laterally through opposite sides of the breech frame 32 to form ammunition infeed and cartridge case ejection openings to the chamber.

Rotatably supported on the breech frame 32 within the chamber 34, for turning on an axis 36, is an open chamber carrier or cylinder 38. This cylinder contains at least one (and in this instance three) firing chambers 40 which open laterally through the circumference of the cylinder and longitudinally through the ends of the cylinder. Cylinder 38 is rotatable in the chamber 34 to locate each firing chamber 40 in an ammunition infeed position, a firing position, and a cartridge case ejection position. The open side of each firing chamber, when in infeed position, registers with the ammunition infeed opening in the breech frame to permt lateral infeed movement of a present salvo round 10 into the firing chamber. When in firing position, the open side of each firing chamber is closed by the firing strap 42 of the breech frame 32 to permit firing of the round in the chamber. When a firing chamber occupies its ejection position, the open side of the chamber registers with the breech frame ejection opening to permit lateral ejection of spent cartridge case 12 of the round 10 from the chamber after firing. Extending coaxially from the rear end of the cylinder 38, and rotatably through the rear end of the breech frame 32, is a shaft 44 by which the cylinder may be driven to infeed, firing and ejection positions. In this regard, attention is directed to the fact that the cylinder may be driven in unidirectional rotation or oscillation through infeed, firing, and ejection positions. A conventional firing means or pin 46 is provided for firing a round 10 in a firing chamber 40 when the latter occupies firing position.

The illustrated open chamber gun 30, as it is thus far described, is conventional. According to the present invention, the gun is equipped with a number of bores 48 equal to the number of projectiles 20 in a salvo round 10. In this instance, the bores are defined by a cluster 50 of separate barrels 52 which are secured to and extend forwardly from the front end of the breech frame 32, in line with the firing station of the breech mechanism 31. The barrels are disposed in spaced, generally parallel relation to the rotation axis 36 of the breech cylinder 38 in such a way that the projectiles 20 of a present ammunition round 10, when contained within a cylinder firing chamber 40 with the latter in firing position, are coaxially aligned with the bores 48, respectively. Accordingly, when the round is fired, the projectiles are propelled by propellant gas pressure, forwardly in unison through their respective barrels. The present breech mechanism, therefore, is effective to fire a group or cluster of projectiles.

According to an important feature of the invention, the open chamber gun 30 is equipped with adjusting means 54 for relatively angularly displacing the barrels S2 in such a way to vary the dispersion pattern of the fired projectiles 20 in flight. To this end, the barrels of the illustrated gun are designed to have limited lateral flexibility and the adjusting means 54 is adjustable to effect lateral bending or deflection of the front ends of the barrels toward and away from one another. The particular adjusting means illustrated comprises a collar 56 threaded on the forward end of a barrel sleeve or shroud 58 which is secured at its rear end to and extends forwardly from the front end of the breech frame 32 in surrounding relation to the barrels 52. The rear ends of the barrels extend through and are secured to a cylindrical plug 59 which is fixed within the rear end of the barrel sleeve. The internal diameter of the sleeve 58 is sufiiciently large to provide clearance between the sleeve and the barrels, and the barrels are stressed to normally diverge toward their forward ends. Secured to and extending radially from the front ends of the barrels and through longitudinal clearance slots 60 in the front end of sleeve 58 are tapered earns 62. The barrel adjusting collar 56 has an internal conical camming surface 64 engaging the barrel earns 62 in such a manner that forward axial adjustment of the collar relative to the barrel sleeve 58, i.e., axial adjustment of the collar away from the breech frame 32, cams the forward ends of the barrels 52 inwardly toward one another to reduce the relative angular divergence of the barrels. Rearward adjustment of the collar permits the barrels to spring outwardly away from one another and thereby increase the relative angular divergence of the barrels. It will not be understood, therefore, that forward axial adjustment of the collar 56 reduces the dispersion of the projectiles 20 which are discharged through the barrels 52 during firing of each salvo round in the gun 30. Rearward axial adjustment of the collar increases the dispersion of the fired projectiles.

It will be recalled that the illustrated salvo rounds 10 of the invention have the preferred, generally triangular round shape in cross-section which characterizes the open chamber ammunition disclosed in the earlier mentioned patents. Each round contains three projectiles which are uniformly spaced about the longitudinal axis of the round and located in radial planes containing the axis and the three longitudinal apex edges, respectively, of the round. Accordingly, the projectiles are effectively arranged in a triangular pattern. The barrels 52 of the gun are arranged in the same triangular pattern and are uniformly spaced about an axis which concides with the longitudinal axis of each cylinder firing chamber when the latter occupies its firing position. The barrels are thus located in three uniformly spaced radial planes containing the firing chamber axis and the longitudinal axes of the respective barrels. Axial adjustment of the collar 56 is thus effective to relatively displace the barrels toward and away from one another in their respective radial planes.

The illustrated equilateral triangular round shape of the ammunition rounds 10 and cylinder firing chambers 40 has a unique advantage in the present open chamber gun 30. Thus, this particular shape permits each round to be positioned in a firing chamber with any one of the side walls 18 of its cartridge case 12 exposed at the open side of the chamber. In this regard, it will be evident that because of the illustrated arrangement of the projectiles 20 in each round, the projectiles 20 in the round are automatically coaxially aligned with the bores 48 in each of the three positions which the round may occupy in the firing chamber. As is conventional in open chamber ammunition of this type, the side walls 18 of the cartridge case 12 of each ammunition round 10 are cylindrically curved to the same radius as the breech cylinder 38 so that when the round is positioned in a cylinder firing chamber 40, the exposed side of the round is flush with the circumference of the cylinder. As noted earlier, the cartridge case of each round is constructed of a yieldable, non-combustible material, such as a plastic material, which expands outwardly against the walls of the firing chamber and the confronting surface of the breech frame firing strap 42 during firing of the round to seal the breech interfaces against propellant gas leakage.

It will be immediately evident to those skilled in the art that While the illustrated ammunition round 10 of the invention contains three projectiles, each round may contain a lesser number or a greater number of projectiles. The number of barrels 52 in the gun, of course, will be reduced or increased accordingly and will 'be arranged to coincide with the projectiles of each round when in firing position. Obviously, other means than the illustrated collar 56 may be employed for adjusting the relative divergence of the barrels. For example, the barrel adjusting means may comprise a conical tapered wedge supported for axial adjustment between the barrels in such a way as to cam the barrels radially outward away from one another. In this case, the barrels will be stressed to normally spring inwardly toward one another.

The operation of the open chamber gun 30 is now believed to be obvious. Thus, during such operation, the breech cylinder 38 is initially rotated to locate a firing chamber 40 in ammunition feed position, wherein the chamber registers with the breech frame infeed opening to permit lateral infeed movement of an ammunition round 10 into the chamber. The cylinder is then rotated to locate the firing chamber in firing position and the firing means 46 are actuated to fire the round. The several projectiles 20 of the round are propelled forwardly in unison, by propellant gas pressure, through the barrels 52. The dispersion of the projectiles in flight is determined by the relative divergence of the barrels. This divergence, and hence the dispersion pattern of the projectiles, are varied by axial adjustment of the barrel adjusting collar 56.

After firing, the cylinder 38 is rotated to locate the firing chamber in case ejection position to effect lateral ejection of the spent cartridge case 12 of the fired round from the chamber.

As noted earlier, while the invention is disclosed in connection with an open chamber gun having fixed barrels carried by the breech frame, the invention may be embodied in a rotary barrel open chamber gun of the type illustrated in the earlier mentioned Patent 3,041,939. In this latter case, the barrel cluster or clusters of the present gun will be carried by and rotate with the breech cyl inder in the same way as do the single barrels in the patent. Moreover, the present salvo ammunition invention may be embodied in semicombustible and c aseless open chamber ammunition of the kind disclosed in the earlier mentioned copending applications. Moreover, an actual gun according to the invention may be equipped with ammunition infeed means, breech cylinder drive means, and firing pin actuating means. Such means have been omitted from the drawings in the interest of brevity of illustration and description.

As noted earlier, the use of separate bores or barrels in the present gun achieves a unique and highly important advantage which is optimum dispersion of the projectiles fired from each ammunition round when the barrels are parellel. In this regard, for example, it has been found that when multiple projectiles contained by a sabot are fired through a single bore, a relatively high dispersion of the projectiles is obtained which negates the effectiveness of the salvo. This is due to interference of and expansion of the propellant gas between the projectiles, particularly when the projectiles are finned flechettes. The present use of multiple barrels avoids these problems because of the travel of the several fired projectiles through separate bores. Moreover, it has been found that because of various factors, such as slight variations in bore size, friction forces, projectile size and mass, etc., the projectiles emerge from the barrels, not simultaneously, but at slightly different intervals. This, of course, aids in eliminating interference between and gas pressure induced separation of the projectiles and thus in achieving optimum projectile dispersion.

At this point, attention is directed to the fact that the three projectiles 20 of the ammunition round 10 are uniformly spaced from the longitudinal axis of the round, and the longitudinal axes of the projectiles are disposed in planes which bisect the interior angles of the round. This arrangement places the projectiles within the three interior corners or apices of the round and provides two important advantages. First, it results in optimum chamberage, that is optimum propellant volume for a given projectile diameter and hence gun bore diameter. Secondly, the illustrated projectile placement provides the ammunition with a minimum transverse cross-section for a given projectile diameter and gun bore diameter.

What is claimed is:

1. An open chamber gun for firing salvo-type ammunition rounds each being of generally triangular round shape in transverse cross-section and having a central logitudinal axis and each containing a plurality of mutually axially coextensive elongate projectiles having individual longitudinal axes and arranged in a predetermined array about said central axis with said individual longitudinal axes of said projectiles substantially parallel have their longitudinal axes located in planes, respecto said central axis, said array being characterized by said tively, bisecting the three interior angles of the round; individual longtudinal axes of said projectiles being suband stantally equidistant from and agularly spaced about said said barrel means contains three bores. central axis, comprising: 5. In combination:

a breech frame member containing a chamber; an open chamber ammunition round having a central a carrier member supported on said frame member within said chamber for rotation on an axis;

said frame member having a lateral ammunition infeed opening to said chamber between the ends of said longitudinal axis and including a plurality of elongate mutually axially coextensive projectiles having individual longitudinal axes and arranged in a predetermined array about said central axis with said incarrier member; 10 dividual longitudinal axes of said projectiles subsaid carrier member containing a firing chamber openstantially parallel to said central axis, said array being laterally through the circumference of said caring characterized by said individual longitudinal axes rier member and having a longitudinal axis parallel of said projectiles being substantially equidistant from to and spaced from said rotation axis; and angularly spaced about said central axis; said carrier member being rotatable in said frame meman open chamber gun including a breech frame member to locate said firing chamber in an ammunition ber containing a chamber, a carrier member supinfeed position, wherein the open side of said firing ported on said frame member within said chamber chamber registers with said ammunition infeed openfor rotation on an axis, said frame member having ing to permit lateral infeed movement of an ammunia lateral ammunition infeed opening to said chamber tion round into said firing chamber through said between the ends of said carrier member, said caropening, and a firing position wherein the open side rier member containing a firing chamber opening of said firing chamber is closed by said frame memlaterally through the circumference of said carrier ber; member and having a longitudinal axis parallel to barrel means secured to and extending forwardly from and spaced from said rotation axis, said carrier memone of said members in spaced generally parallel ber being rotatable in said frame member to locate relation to said rotation axis and containing a cluster said firing chamber in an ammunition infeed posiof generally parallel and mutually axially coextention, wherein the open side of said firing chamber sive bores which open rearwardly to and are arregisters with said ammunition infeed opening to perranged in said predetermined array about said longimit lateral infeed movement of said ammunition tudinal axis of said firing chamber in firing posiround into said firing chamber through said opention; and ing, and a firing position, wherein the open side of said firing chamber having approximately the same trisaid firing chamber is closed by said frame member angular round shape in transverse cross-section as to permit firing of the round in said firing chamber, said ammunition rounds such that each ammunition and barrel means secured to and extending forwardly round generally complements said firing chamber, from one of said members in spaced, generally paralwhereby said firing chamber is adapted to receive lel relation to said rotation axis and containing a each said ammunition round in a position wherein cluster of generally parallel mutually axially coextensaid central axis of the respective contained round sive bores which open rearwardly to and are arranged coincides with said longitudinal axis of said firing in said predetermined array about said longitudinal chamber and each ammunition round when contained axis of said firing chamber in firing position; and in firing position within said firing chamber is posisaid ammunition round and firing chamber having tively oriented by said firing chamber in firing relation complemetary generally triangular round shapes in to said bores, wherein said bores are simultaneously transverse cross-section, whereby said firing chamber coaxially aligned in one-to-one projectile receiving is adapted to receive said ammunition round in a relation with said projectiles, respectively, of the proposition wherein said central longitudinal axis of jectile array of the respective round. the round coincides with said longitudinal axis of 2. An open chamber gun, according to claim 1, wherein: said firing chamber, and said firing chamber when said firing chamber and each ammunition round have in firing position positively orients said round in firing complementary, generally equilateral triangular relation to said bores, wherein said bores are simulround shapes in transverse cross-section, whereby taneously coaxially aligned in one-to-one projectile each round may occupy any one of three different firreceiving relation with the projectiles, respectively, of ing positions in said firing chamber; the projectile array of said ammunition round. said projectiles of each round are uniformly angularly 6. The combination according to claim 5, wherein:

spaced in a predetermined symmetrical array about said firing chamber and ammunition round have comthe central longitudinal axis of the respective round; plementary generally equilateral triangular round and shapes in transverse cross-section, said projectiles are said bores are uniformly angularly spaced in said preuniformly angularly spaced in a predetermined symdetermined symmetrical array about said longitudinal metrical array about said central longitudinal axis axis of said firing chamber in firing position in such of said round, and said bores are uniformly angularly manner that said bores are simultaneously coaxially spaced in said predetermined symmetrical array aligned in said one-to-one projectile receiving relaabout said longitudinal axis of said firing chamber tion with said projectiles, respectively, of an ammuniin firing position, whereby said round may occupy tion round contained by said firing chamber in firany one of three different firing positions in said firing position in each of the three firing positions which ing chamber and said bores are simultaneously cothe contained round may occupy in the said firing axially aligned in said one-to-one projectile receiving chamber. relation with said projectiles, respectively, of said 3. An open chamber gun according to claim 2, wherein: ammunition round in each of the three firing posieach ammunition round contains three projectiles which tions which said round may occupy in said firing have their longitudinal axes located in planes, respecchamber. tively, bisecting the three interior angles of the round; 7. The combination according to claim 6, wherein: and each ammunition round contains three projectiles which said barrel means contains three bores. have their longitudinal axes located in planes, respec- 4. An open chamber gun according to claim 1, wherein: tively, bisecting the three interior angles of the round; each ammunition round contains three projectiles which and round; and said barrel means contains three bores.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 493,382 3/1893 Hilder 4239.5

10 Masini. Arntzen 89--1 Schoonover 4259 Dardick 42-39.5 Dardick 42-39.5 X

SAMUEL W. ENGLE, Primary Examiner.

U.S. Cl. X.R.

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US4748892A (en) * 1987-07-30 1988-06-07 David Dardick Energy transfer multi-barrel gun
US4831914A (en) * 1987-07-08 1989-05-23 David Dardick Multiple tier ammunition magazine
US4836082A (en) * 1987-08-06 1989-06-06 David Dardick Cloud gun
US8763508B2 (en) 2009-07-22 2014-07-01 Prometheus Solutions, Inc. High attrition, rapid dispersal X 8 (H.A.R.D. 8) extreme rate of fire weapon system
US8898947B2 (en) 2012-09-17 2014-12-02 Open Chamber Systems, Llc Open chamber mechanism
US20150330741A1 (en) * 2014-05-17 2015-11-19 Amir Hossein Ghorbani Pour A.m. full automatic revolver
US9671185B2 (en) * 2013-06-03 2017-06-06 Profense, Llc Minigun with improved access door

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US493382A (en) * 1893-03-14 Xltigharge-gun
US634826A (en) * 1898-10-12 1899-10-10 George Seigliano Cartridge for multiple cannon.
US1448587A (en) * 1921-11-01 1923-03-13 Richard H Arntzen Gun
US1809533A (en) * 1930-05-21 1931-06-09 Esli A Woodburn Ordnance
US2847784A (en) * 1955-01-19 1958-08-19 Dardick Corp Pre-stressed open-chamber gun with rotatable cylinder
US2865126A (en) * 1954-09-03 1958-12-23 Dardick Corp Open chamber gun

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US493382A (en) * 1893-03-14 Xltigharge-gun
US634826A (en) * 1898-10-12 1899-10-10 George Seigliano Cartridge for multiple cannon.
US1448587A (en) * 1921-11-01 1923-03-13 Richard H Arntzen Gun
US1809533A (en) * 1930-05-21 1931-06-09 Esli A Woodburn Ordnance
US2865126A (en) * 1954-09-03 1958-12-23 Dardick Corp Open chamber gun
US2847784A (en) * 1955-01-19 1958-08-19 Dardick Corp Pre-stressed open-chamber gun with rotatable cylinder

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4004642A (en) * 1975-12-08 1977-01-25 David Dardick Tround terra-drill processes and apparatus
US4831914A (en) * 1987-07-08 1989-05-23 David Dardick Multiple tier ammunition magazine
US4748892A (en) * 1987-07-30 1988-06-07 David Dardick Energy transfer multi-barrel gun
US4836082A (en) * 1987-08-06 1989-06-06 David Dardick Cloud gun
US8763508B2 (en) 2009-07-22 2014-07-01 Prometheus Solutions, Inc. High attrition, rapid dispersal X 8 (H.A.R.D. 8) extreme rate of fire weapon system
US8898947B2 (en) 2012-09-17 2014-12-02 Open Chamber Systems, Llc Open chamber mechanism
US9163900B2 (en) 2012-09-17 2015-10-20 Open Chamber Systems, Llc Open chamber ammunition
US9671185B2 (en) * 2013-06-03 2017-06-06 Profense, Llc Minigun with improved access door
US20150330741A1 (en) * 2014-05-17 2015-11-19 Amir Hossein Ghorbani Pour A.m. full automatic revolver

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CA935682A1 (en)
ES357766A1 (en) 1970-03-16
BE720221A (en) 1969-02-03
DE1728126A1 (en) 1972-07-27
FR1603955A (en) 1971-06-21
IL30607D0 (en) 1969-04-30
SE352945B (en) 1973-01-15
GB1248781A (en) 1971-10-06
CH502571A (en) 1971-01-31
CA935682A (en) 1973-10-23
DE1728126B2 (en) 1977-05-12
IL30607A (en) 1974-11-29

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