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Apparatus for feeding strip metal

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US3429493A
US3429493A US3429493DA US3429493A US 3429493 A US3429493 A US 3429493A US 3429493D A US3429493D A US 3429493DA US 3429493 A US3429493 A US 3429493A
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Prior art keywords
valve
gripping
cylinder
means
strip
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Albert F Lehmann
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Albert F Lehmann
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D43/00Feeding, positioning or storing devices combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal, metal tubes or metal profiles; Associations therewith of cutting devices
    • B21D43/02Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool
    • B21D43/04Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool by means in mechanical engagement with the work
    • B21D43/10Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool by means in mechanical engagement with the work by grippers
    • B21D43/11Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool by means in mechanical engagement with the work by grippers for feeding sheet or strip material

Description

1969 A. F. LEHMANN APPARATUS FOR FEEDING STRIP METAL Sheet Filed July 19. 1967 Fnoyl FE ED DIRECTION FIG. 2

INVENTOR. ALBERT E LEHMANN ATTORNEYS Feb. 25, 1969 A. F. LEHMANN 3,429,493

APPARATUS FOR FEEDING STRIP METAL Filed July l9, 1967 Sheet .8 of 2 m 2/ STOP START $3 smc CYCLE 2L5 ICRL m 1' A4 I Y9 1 :ll 55 ICRL. P L. XL I I 7 i a ma 1 I ll *1! Q} I lean. U

I m, 55 ca mm. w BCR J INVENTOR. ALBERT F. LEHMANN ATTORNEYS United States Patent 3,429,493 APPARATUS FOR FEEDING STRIP METAL Albert F. Lehmann, Dearborn, Mich. (7800 Dix Ave., Detroit, Mich. 48209) Filed July 19, 1967, Ser. No. 654,575 US. Cl. 226150 9 Claims Int. Cl. B6511 17/44, 17/36 ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE The apparatus disclosed herein comprises one or more fluid operated gripping cylinders which are movable by a feed cylinder to feed the strip toward the work device such as a press. The apparatus further includes one or more retaining cylinders which grip the strip when the gripping cylinders are retracted to hold the strip in position until the gripping cylinders can be reciprocated to their original position for the beginning of another cycle. The control of the various cylinders is achieved by a hydraulic and an electrical circuit wherein the operation of the feed cylinder is not initiated until the gripping cylinders or retaining cylinders have been actuated to grip the strip. Further, the circuit includes an arrangement whereby in an emergency, the various cylinder movements can be interrupted and locked in position so that the cycle can be re-initiated from the point of stoppage without loss of registry.

This invention relates to apparatus for feeding strip metal preferably from a coil to a press or similar work device.

Background of the invention In the handling of strip material from a coil and the feeding of the strip to a work device such as a press, it is common to utilize one or more gripping cylinders which are moved by a feed cylinder to feed the strip toward the press. Retainer cylinders are commonly provided to hold the strip after it is released by the gripping cylinders and during the return movement of the gripping cylinders for successive feeding.

Among the objects of the present invention are to provide a novel hydraulic and electrical circuit control for such an apparatus wherein feeding will not be initiated until the gripping or retaining cylinders, as the case may be, are caused to engage the strip; wherein upon emergency stop the various cylinders will be looked in their respective positions so that upon re-initiation of the operation, the cycle of operation will be completed without loss of registry of the strip of material with respect to the device to which it is being fed.

Summary The apparatus disclosed herein comprises one or more fluid operated gripping cylinders which are movable by a feed cylinder to feed the strip toward the work device such as a press. The apparatus further includes one or more retaining cylinders which grip the strip when the gripping cylinders are retracted to hold the strip in position until the gripping cylinders can be reciprocated to their original position for the begining of another cycle. The control of the various cylinders is achieved by a hydraulic and an electrical circuit wherein the operation of the feed cylinder is not initiated until the gripping cylinders or retaining cylinders have been actuated to grip the strip. Further, the circuit includes an arrangement whereby in an emergency, the various cylinder movements can be interrupted and locked in position so that the cycle can be re-initiated from the point of stoppage without loss of registry.

Description of the drawings FIG. 1 is a diagrammatic view of an apparatus embodying the invention.

FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the hydraulic circuit utilized in the invention.

FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of the electrical circuit utilized in the invention.

Description Referring to FIG. 1, a typical device embodying the invention comprises a base 10 which has a carriage 11 thereon that supports one or more gripping cylinders 12 that are moved by a feed cylinder 13 to feed the strip toward a work device such as a press (not shown). The apparatus further includes front and rear retainer cylinders 14, 15 that are operated to grip the strip when the gripping cylinders release the strip and to hold the strip until the gripping cylinders 12 are returned to their original position for another feed stroke.

Referring to the hydraulic circuit shown in FIG. 2, a pump 20 driven by a motor 21 supplies fluid through a check valve 22 to a four-way valve 23 that is operated by solenoids 24, 25. The four-way valve 23 selectively supplies fluid t-o lines 26', 27 which are connected in parallel thereto sequence valves 28, 29, 30, 31. Each of the valves are substantially identical, the valves 28, 29 being set to permit flow therethrough when the pressure reaches one predetermined value, such as pounds per square inch, while the valves 30-, .31 being set to permit flow therethrough at a higher predetermined pressure, such as 200 pounds per square inch. Valve 23 is also connected by a line 32 through a pilot operated check valve 33 with one or more gripping cylinders 12. Sequence valve 28 is connected by a line 34 to the other side of the gripping cylinders 12. Thus, when the valve 23 is actuated in one direction to permit fluid to flow to the valve 29, gripper 12 will close immediately and as soon as the pressure exceeds the setting of the valve, namely, 100 pounds per square inch, fluid is supplied to the retaining cylinder 14 to cause the retaining cylinder to release the strip. Sequence valve 31 is connected by a line 41 toone side of a fluid operated four-way valve 36. Thus, when the pressure supplied to the sequence valve 31 exceeds the setting of the sequence valve, namely, 200 pounds 'per square inch, the four-way valve 36 is actuated to supply fluid to one end of the feed cylinder 13 through line 37 to cause the piston of the feed cylinder 13 to move in one direction for feeding the strip.

Similarly, a line 38 connects the valve 23 through a pilot operated valve 39 to one end of one or more retainer cylinders 14. The sequence valve 29 is connected by a line 40 to the other end of the retainer cylinders 14 so that they are actuated to release the strip when the pressure exceeds the setting of the sequence valve 29. Sequence valve 30 is connected by a line 35 to the other end of the four-way valve 36 so that when the pressure exceeds the setting of the sequence valve 30*, the valve 36 is actuated to cause the feed cylinder 13 to move in the opposite direction.

Referring to FIG. 3, the circuit for controlling the hydraulic circuit comprises power lines 50a, 50b that include stop button 51 connected in series with a start button 52 and the motor 21. At the limits of its movement, the feed cylinder or the carriage operated by the feed cylinder actuates limit switches 1LS, ZLS (FIG. 2).

will be tripped causing memory relay 1CRL to'be ready to receive a signal. This closes contacts 3CR energizing solenoid 24. In this position, the gripping cylinders 12 are open, the feed cylinder 13 is retracted and the retainer cylinders 14, 15 are closed or in gripping position.

When a signal to feed forward is received either from single cycle push button 53 or signal switch 54 on the press, memory relay 1CRL is energized. This closes contacts ZCR and energizes solenoid and de-energizes solenoid 24. The valve 23 is thus shifted permitting fluid to flow in line 27 and line 32, the latter flow causing gripping cylinder 12 to engage the metal. When the pressure reaches the pressure setting of sequence valve 29, fluid is supplied to open or retract the retainer cylinder 14. When the pressure reaches the setting of sequence valve 31, the sequence valve 31 opens to shift the fourway valve 36 in a direction to cause the feed cylinder 13 to feed the carriage and, in turn, the gripping cylinders 12 forwardly. When the feed cylinder reaches the end of its stroke, switch 1LS is engaged unlatching the memory relay 1CRL to close the contact 3CR and, in turn, deenergize solenoid 25 and energize solenoid 24. At this point, when fluid is interrupted to the valve 29, fluid flow through line 38 causes retainer cylinder 14 to immediately close to grip the metal strip. As the pressure builds up to exceed the setting of sequence valve 28, the gripping cylinders 12 are opened. As pressure further builds up to the setting of sequence valve 30, the four-way valve 36 is shifted to cause fluid to flow in a direction to retract the feed cylinder 13. As the feed cylinder reaches the end of its return stroke, it engages switch 2LS so that another cycle can be initiated.

In the event the emergency stop button 51 is actuated, whichever of the solenoids 24, 25 is energized will immediately become de-energized causing the four-way valve 23 to become centered. The sequence valves 28, 29, 30, 31 are immediately drained and checkvalves 60, 61 open allowing the four-way pilot valve 36 to center thereby stopping the movement of the feed cylinder 13. Pilot operated check valves 33, 39 are utilized to hold the gripping cylinders 12 and retaining cylinders 14 in their positions at the time of the emergency stop.

Memory relay 1CRL is of the type which latches in any position in which it is set so that upon restoring of power and tripping the feed complete button 55, the cycle will be completed from its point of stoppage without loss of registry.

Iclaim: 1. An apparatus for feeding strip metal comprising first fluid operated means for gripping the strip, fluid operated means for translating said last mentioned means to feed the strip, and second fluid operated means for gripping the strip after it has been moved by said last mentioned means, first valve means operable at one pressure to disengage said first mentioned gripping means, second valve means connected in parallel to said first valve means and operable at a higher pressure to operate said translating means in one direction, third valve means operable at one pressure to disengage said second gripping means, fourth valve means connected in parallel to said third valve means and operable at a higher pressure to operate said translating means in the opposite direc tion, first means responsive to the position of said first gripping means at one end of said movement of said gripping means for actuating said first gripping means and supplying fluid to said first and second valve means, second means responsive to the position of said first gripping means at the other end of said movement for actuating said second gripping means and supplying fluid to said third and fourth valve means.

2. The combination set forth in claim- 1 wherein said means at each end of the movement of said translating means comprises a switch,

a solenoid operable by each said switch and a valve selectively operated by said solenoid to direct fluid either to said first gripping means and said first and second valve means or said second gripping means and said third and fourth valve means.

3. The combination set forth in claim .1 including each said fluid operating gripping means having a one-way valve in the circuit thereof to hold the gripping means in any position which fluid flow to said valve means is interrupted.

4. The combination set forth in claim 1 including a control relay operable on said second and fourth valve means for controlling the flow of fluid thereto.

5. An apparatus for feeding strip metal comprises at least one fluid operated cylinder for gripping the strip,

at least one fluid operated cylinder for translating sai gripping cylinder,

at least one fluid operated retaining cylinder for engaging said strip,

a first pressure responsive valve operable at one pressure to supply fluid to said gripping cylinder to disengage said strip, second pressure responsive valve connected in parallel to said first pressure responsive valve and operable at a higher pressure to supply fluid'to said translating cylinder to move said gripping cylinder in one direction,

a third pressure responsive valve operable at one pressure to supply fluid to disengage said retaining cylinder from said strip,

a fourth pressure responsive valve connected in parallel to said third pressure responsive valve and operable at a higher pressure to supply fluid to said translating cylinder to move said gripping cylinder in the opposite direction,

control valve for selectively supplying fluid either to said gripping cylinder and said first and second pressure responsive valves or to said retaining cylinder and said third and fourth pressure responsive valves,

and means responsive to the position of said gripping cylinder for selectively moving said control valve.

6. The combination set forth in claim 5 wherein said last mentioned means comprises switches and solenoids actuated by said switches to move said control valve.

7. The combination set forth in claim 5 including a one-way valve associated with each said gripping cylinder and retaining cylinder for holding the pistons of said cylinders in any position when fluid flow thereto is interrupted.

8. The combination set forth in claim 5 wherein said last mentioned means comprises switches,

solenoids associated with said control valve,

and a relay controlled by said switches for selectively energizing said solenoids.

9. The combination set forth in claim 8 including a one-Way valve associated with each said gripping and retaining cylinder for holding the piston thereof in any position in the event the flow of fluid thereto is interrupted as when the solenoids are simultaneously de-energized.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 7/1967 Scribner 226-l62 ALLEN N. KNOWLES, Primary Examiner.

US. Cl. X.R. 226-162

US3429493A 1967-07-19 1967-07-19 Apparatus for feeding strip metal Expired - Lifetime US3429493A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3523632A (en) * 1968-04-11 1970-08-11 Jaybird Automation Inc Work feed mechanism
US3580449A (en) * 1968-10-11 1971-05-25 Standard Int Corp Stock feed apparatus
US3688963A (en) * 1970-08-19 1972-09-05 Gerald A Snow Indexing means and conveyors for use therewith
US3726458A (en) * 1970-07-17 1973-04-10 Jungfer Akkumulatoren Device for the intermittent feed of a width of material
US3741458A (en) * 1971-10-14 1973-06-26 A Aylesworth Hydraulic controller for strip material feeder
US3753522A (en) * 1971-02-19 1973-08-21 Red Bud Ind Inc Sheet transferring device and method
US3793972A (en) * 1972-08-04 1974-02-26 Nat Can Corp Method and apparatus for feeding a sheet metal web
US4207999A (en) * 1978-07-27 1980-06-17 Scribner Albert W Stock feeder for punch presses and the like
US4335758A (en) * 1979-06-11 1982-06-22 George Koch Sons, Inc. Apparatus for advancing and forming a wire
US4493447A (en) * 1983-05-11 1985-01-15 Plessey Incorporated High speed article feeding apparatus
US4558809A (en) * 1982-11-05 1985-12-17 Hans Schoen Gripper feed system for blanking presses or the like
US4715100A (en) * 1983-10-07 1987-12-29 The Boeing Company Wire routing tool for robotic wire harness assembly

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2803335A (en) * 1956-02-06 1957-08-20 Todd C Air operated slide feed
US3157334A (en) * 1962-09-24 1964-11-17 Special Engineering Service In Stock feeder
US3329327A (en) * 1966-03-25 1967-07-04 Albert W Scribner Stock advancing device for punch presses and the like

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2803335A (en) * 1956-02-06 1957-08-20 Todd C Air operated slide feed
US3157334A (en) * 1962-09-24 1964-11-17 Special Engineering Service In Stock feeder
US3329327A (en) * 1966-03-25 1967-07-04 Albert W Scribner Stock advancing device for punch presses and the like

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3523632A (en) * 1968-04-11 1970-08-11 Jaybird Automation Inc Work feed mechanism
US3580449A (en) * 1968-10-11 1971-05-25 Standard Int Corp Stock feed apparatus
US3726458A (en) * 1970-07-17 1973-04-10 Jungfer Akkumulatoren Device for the intermittent feed of a width of material
US3688963A (en) * 1970-08-19 1972-09-05 Gerald A Snow Indexing means and conveyors for use therewith
US3753522A (en) * 1971-02-19 1973-08-21 Red Bud Ind Inc Sheet transferring device and method
US3741458A (en) * 1971-10-14 1973-06-26 A Aylesworth Hydraulic controller for strip material feeder
US3793972A (en) * 1972-08-04 1974-02-26 Nat Can Corp Method and apparatus for feeding a sheet metal web
US4207999A (en) * 1978-07-27 1980-06-17 Scribner Albert W Stock feeder for punch presses and the like
US4335758A (en) * 1979-06-11 1982-06-22 George Koch Sons, Inc. Apparatus for advancing and forming a wire
US4558809A (en) * 1982-11-05 1985-12-17 Hans Schoen Gripper feed system for blanking presses or the like
US4493447A (en) * 1983-05-11 1985-01-15 Plessey Incorporated High speed article feeding apparatus
US4715100A (en) * 1983-10-07 1987-12-29 The Boeing Company Wire routing tool for robotic wire harness assembly

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