US3428311A - Resistance exerciser for wrists,arms,and upper body - Google Patents

Resistance exerciser for wrists,arms,and upper body Download PDF

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Publication number
US3428311A
US3428311A US3428311DA US3428311A US 3428311 A US3428311 A US 3428311A US 3428311D A US3428311D A US 3428311DA US 3428311 A US3428311 A US 3428311A
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Prior art keywords
cage
base
wrists
arms
upper body
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Thoral J Mitchell
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Thoral J Mitchell
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/12Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for upper limbs or related muscles, e.g. chest, upper back or shoulder muscles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/012Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices using frictional force-resisters
    • A63B21/015Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices using frictional force-resisters including rotating or oscillating elements rubbing against fixed elements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/40Interfaces with the user related to strength training; Details thereof
    • A63B21/4027Specific exercise interfaces
    • A63B21/4033Handles, pedals, bars or platforms
    • A63B21/4035Handles, pedals, bars or platforms for operation by hand
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/40Interfaces with the user related to strength training; Details thereof
    • A63B21/4041Interfaces with the user related to strength training; Details thereof characterised by the movements of the interface
    • A63B21/4047Pivoting movement
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/03508For a single arm or leg
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/12Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for upper limbs or related muscles, e.g. chest, upper back or shoulder muscles
    • A63B23/1209Involving a bending of elbow and shoulder joints simultaneously
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/20Control lever and linkage systems
    • Y10T74/20576Elements
    • Y10T74/20582Levers
    • Y10T74/20612Hand

Description

Feb. 18. 1969 1*. J. MITCHELL 3,

RESISTANCE EXERCISER FOR WRISTS. ARIS. AND U'PPER BODY Filed April 1. 1966 Fig2 INVENTOR BY THoenL J. MITCHELL I nromsrs United States Patent 1 Claim ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE Apparatus for toning the musculature of the upper body and extremities, comprising a frictionally mounted pivot bar having a hand-grip at its upper end rigidly positioned at 90 to its long axis, to provide predetermined resistance to both rocking and tWisting movement of the bar when the hand-grip is grasped by the user.

This invention relates to therapeutic exercising devices and particularly to an arm therapy device.

The primary object of the invention is to provide a device that will be a valuable adjunct to rehabilitation for anyone with involvement of the musculature of the upper extremity.

Included in this class would be stroke victims, arthritics, cerebral palsies, multiple sclerosis, Parkinsons disease, peripheral nerve injuries, and many more less common ailments.

It is common knowledge among professional people, concerned with rehabilitation, that the strength of a muscle increases according to the resistance it is able to move or push against, as in isometric exercises.

Therefore, another object of the invention is to provide a device, of the type stated, that can be adjusted to vary its resistance to arm movement from practically zero to a point where it cannot be moved, according to the needs of the patient.

A further object is to provide such an Arm Therapist that is relatively low in cost, simple in operation, and which may be easily mounted on a bench or wall, or clamped to a door opening, as may be required for the convenience of the patient.

These, and other objects of the invention will become apparent from a reading of the following specification and claim, together with the accompanying drawing, wherein like parts are referred to and indicated by like reference numerals, and wherein:

FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of the arm therapist that is the subject of the invention, and

FIGURE 2 is a sectional view of the same, taken along the line and in the direction of the arrows 2-2 of FIGURE 1.

Referring more particularly to the drawing, there is seen in FIGURE 1 the arm therapist, that is the subject of the invention, broadly indicated by reference numeral In the preferred form shown, the device has a rigid, flat, base 11 which is adapted to be mounted on a bench or wall by means of bolts or screws 12, located at each corner of the base. If more convenient for the patient, the base 11 may be mounted on the jamb of a door-way opening by means of suitable C-clamps, not shown.

The base 11 has a threaded blind-bore 13, open through its top surface, as is seen most clearly in FIGURE 2.

A concave seat 14 is located at the inner end of the bore 13. The curvature of the seat 14 is such that it will mate with the surface of a solid ball 18, intended to rest thereon.

Reference numeral 19 indicates a rigid bar, or rod, approximately /3" in diameter and 8 to 10 inches long,

3,428,311 Patented Feb. 18, 1969 which is mounted on the ball 18 at its polar axis and extends outwardly, radially, therefrom, as illustrated.

A hand-grip 21 is mounted at the free end of the rod 19.

The handle 21 has contoured finger grooves 22, for the convenience and comfort of the patient in grasping the handle.

Reference numeral 15 indicates a cage having an externally threaded body 16 which rotatably interfits the threaded blind-bore 13, as seen in FIGURE 2.

The cage 15 has a top opening bounded by an annular seat 17 complemental to the base seat 14.

In the assembled device the ball 18 is nested between the base and cage seats 14 and 17, respectively, with the rode 19 extending through the opening of the annular seat 17.

An elongated bar, or arm 20, extends radially of the peripheral edge of the cage 15 in a plane parallel to the base 11. The arm 20 is used to facilitate the rotation of the cage in either clockwise or counterclockwise directions within the bore 13.

Rotation of the cage 15 moves the cage seat 17 toward or away from the base seat 14, between adjusted positions, whereby frictional engagement between the surface of the ball 18 and the cage and base seats may be infinitely varied by small increments. The frictional drag can 'be varied, as desired, by rotation of the cage by means of the cage arm 20.

The handle 21 and rod 19 are movable in arcs limited only by the diameter of the opening in the center of the annular seat 17. Such arcs may be varied 360 relative to the polar axis of the ball 18.

The ball can also be simultaneouly tilted and rotated by the handle 21, thereby affording twisting exercise for the wrist muscles.

The arm therapist is most effective for muscle rehabilitation if used only for short intervals, repeated several times each day after suitable rest periods.

Following is a list of the muscles which will profit most from the use of this device:

Serratum anterior Subscapularis Pectoralis major Pectoralis minor Coracobrachialis Brachialis Biceps brachii Triceps brachii Teres major Anconeus Teres minor Brachioradialis Supraspinatus Supinator Infraspinatus Pronator quadratus Deltoid Pronator teres Since it is impossible to perform any type of activity with the upper extremity without using virtually every muscle of the upper extremity, to perform this coordinated activity, the following muscles would come into play and be benefited: I

Extensor pollicis brevis Extensor indicia Abductor pollicis brevis Flexor pollicis brevis Opponens pollicis Palmaris brevis Abductor digiti minimi Flexor digiti minimi Opponens digiti minimi Lumbricales Abductor pollicis Volar Interossei Dorsal interossei It will now be clear that there has been provided a device which accomplishes the objectives heretofore set forth.

While the invention has been disclosed in its preferred form, it is to be understood that the specific embodiment thereof as described and illustrated herein is not to be considered in a limited sense, as there may be other forms or modifications of the invention which should also be construed to come within the scope of the appended claim.

I claim:

1. A muscle toner, comprising in combination:

(a) a base, adapted to be secured to an immovable surface, having a bore centered therein with a concave seat at the lower end thereof;

(b) a cage mounted on the base, at the bore, having an opening in the top thereof bounded by an annular seat complemental to the base seat;

(0) a solid ball nested in the cage between the two seats;

(d) an upstanding bar mounted on the ball at its polar axis and tiltable therewith relative to the bounding edges of the cage opening and the vertical axis of 20 the base bore; (e) a hand-grip means rigidly mounted at the free end of bar, positioned at 90 to its long axis and adapted to be grasped for twisting the bar and its attached ball 360 in the cage; and,

(f) means, engaged with the cage, for moving the cage seat toward and away from both the ball and the base seat, between adjusted positions, whereby frictional engagement between the ball surface and the cage and base seat may be infinitely varied by small increments.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,535,391 4/1925 Anderson 272-79 2,322,081 6/1943 Wright 2872l 3,163,093 12/1964 Gut 2872l XR 2,714,507 8/1955 Goodrich 27279 XR RICHARD C. PINKHAM, Primary Examiner.

WILLIAM R. BROWNE, Assistant Examiner.

US. Cl. X.R.

US3428311A 1966-04-01 1966-04-01 Resistance exerciser for wrists,arms,and upper body Expired - Lifetime US3428311A (en)

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Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3782721A (en) * 1970-12-10 1974-01-01 F Passera Physical training device
US3811672A (en) * 1970-06-29 1974-05-21 C Simmons Frictional exercising apparatus
US4036490A (en) * 1975-04-18 1977-07-19 Max Rice Polytetrafluoroethylene coated exercising post kit with repetitive varying diameter
US4063727A (en) * 1976-07-19 1977-12-20 Hall James A Arm wrestling exercise device
US4171801A (en) * 1978-01-24 1979-10-23 Bell Dean E Frictional arm exercise device
US4199137A (en) * 1976-10-01 1980-04-22 Giguere Andre M Apparatus for foot rehabilitation
US4249727A (en) * 1977-09-15 1981-02-10 Etablissement Ariabel Friction type gymnastic apparatus
US4603856A (en) * 1984-10-02 1986-08-05 Fiore Russell D Exercising device
EP0259134A1 (en) * 1986-09-03 1988-03-09 Health Habit Developments Limited Exercise machine
US4902006A (en) * 1988-05-20 1990-02-20 Stallings Jr Glenn E Arm exercise apparatus
US4901999A (en) * 1988-11-09 1990-02-20 Schott Lawrence A Hand, wrist, and forearm friction resistance exercise device
US5005825A (en) * 1986-11-03 1991-04-09 Lou Fogel Integral leg brace and pedal for the handicapped
US5244444A (en) * 1992-09-30 1993-09-14 Frank Wostry Exerciser
US5273509A (en) * 1991-07-30 1993-12-28 Vittone Larry W Handle for exercise machines
US5330407A (en) * 1991-08-19 1994-07-19 Spherepoint, Inc. Exercise method and apparatus utilizing elastomeric spheres
US5336138A (en) * 1993-01-07 1994-08-09 Arjawat P Singh Head, neck, and shoulder exercise machine
US5580341A (en) * 1995-03-01 1996-12-03 Lumex, Inc. Shoulder press exercise machine and method of exercising
US5820520A (en) * 1996-01-04 1998-10-13 Sieber; Walter Paul Exercise device
US20050014609A1 (en) * 2003-07-15 2005-01-20 Neff John D. Exercise device for under a desk
US20050054492A1 (en) * 2003-07-15 2005-03-10 Neff John D. Exercise device for under a desk
US7090626B1 (en) 2002-04-23 2006-08-15 Miller Daniel S Exercise device
US7115078B1 (en) * 2003-02-21 2006-10-03 Kalember Robert S Orbital resistance-adjustable sphere exercising apparatus
US20070093360A1 (en) * 2003-07-15 2007-04-26 Neff John D Interactive computer simulation enhanced exercise machine
US20070184942A1 (en) * 2006-02-07 2007-08-09 Mark Krietzman Rock and roll exercise fitness device and method
US20080004164A1 (en) * 2006-06-30 2008-01-03 Charles Alsip Overhead exercise device for the upper body
US20080234116A1 (en) * 2007-03-23 2008-09-25 Paula Elzerman Exercise system and method for its use
US7497807B2 (en) 2003-07-15 2009-03-03 Cube X Incorporated Interactive computer simulation enhanced exercise machine
US20090239720A1 (en) * 2007-04-19 2009-09-24 Gordon Albin Osbak Oblique abdominal trainer
US20100248918A1 (en) * 2006-08-24 2010-09-30 Genki-Kobo Co.,Ltd. Exercise Assisting Tool
US8083649B1 (en) * 2008-06-19 2011-12-27 Cordova Anthony C Wrist exercise devise
US20140221164A1 (en) * 2013-02-06 2014-08-07 Siniora Group International Inc. Exercise Device
US10058725B2 (en) 2016-02-29 2018-08-28 Blu Sky Solutions, LLC Handheld resistance exercise device and methods of exercising therewith

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1535391A (en) * 1923-07-05 1925-04-28 John R Anderson Exerciser
US2322081A (en) * 1942-03-16 1943-06-15 Alvin C Wright Swivel mount for striking bags
US2714507A (en) * 1950-09-19 1955-08-02 Norris E Goodrich Exercising machine
US3163093A (en) * 1960-09-19 1964-12-29 Gen Precision Inc Hydraulic actuator fitted with pivoted joint

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1535391A (en) * 1923-07-05 1925-04-28 John R Anderson Exerciser
US2322081A (en) * 1942-03-16 1943-06-15 Alvin C Wright Swivel mount for striking bags
US2714507A (en) * 1950-09-19 1955-08-02 Norris E Goodrich Exercising machine
US3163093A (en) * 1960-09-19 1964-12-29 Gen Precision Inc Hydraulic actuator fitted with pivoted joint

Cited By (39)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3811672A (en) * 1970-06-29 1974-05-21 C Simmons Frictional exercising apparatus
US3782721A (en) * 1970-12-10 1974-01-01 F Passera Physical training device
US4036490A (en) * 1975-04-18 1977-07-19 Max Rice Polytetrafluoroethylene coated exercising post kit with repetitive varying diameter
US4063727A (en) * 1976-07-19 1977-12-20 Hall James A Arm wrestling exercise device
US4199137A (en) * 1976-10-01 1980-04-22 Giguere Andre M Apparatus for foot rehabilitation
US4249727A (en) * 1977-09-15 1981-02-10 Etablissement Ariabel Friction type gymnastic apparatus
US4171801A (en) * 1978-01-24 1979-10-23 Bell Dean E Frictional arm exercise device
US4603856A (en) * 1984-10-02 1986-08-05 Fiore Russell D Exercising device
EP0259134A1 (en) * 1986-09-03 1988-03-09 Health Habit Developments Limited Exercise machine
US5005825A (en) * 1986-11-03 1991-04-09 Lou Fogel Integral leg brace and pedal for the handicapped
US4902006A (en) * 1988-05-20 1990-02-20 Stallings Jr Glenn E Arm exercise apparatus
US4901999A (en) * 1988-11-09 1990-02-20 Schott Lawrence A Hand, wrist, and forearm friction resistance exercise device
US5273509A (en) * 1991-07-30 1993-12-28 Vittone Larry W Handle for exercise machines
US5330407A (en) * 1991-08-19 1994-07-19 Spherepoint, Inc. Exercise method and apparatus utilizing elastomeric spheres
US5244444A (en) * 1992-09-30 1993-09-14 Frank Wostry Exerciser
US5336138A (en) * 1993-01-07 1994-08-09 Arjawat P Singh Head, neck, and shoulder exercise machine
US5788614A (en) * 1995-03-01 1998-08-04 Simonson; Roy Plate-loaded chest press exercise machine and method of exercise
US5597375A (en) * 1995-03-01 1997-01-28 Simonson; Roy Lat pulldown exercise machine and method of exercise
US5620402A (en) * 1995-03-01 1997-04-15 Cybex International, Inc. Rear deltoid and rowing exercise machine and method of exercising
US5580341A (en) * 1995-03-01 1996-12-03 Lumex, Inc. Shoulder press exercise machine and method of exercising
US5667464A (en) * 1995-03-01 1997-09-16 Simonson; Roy Plate-loaded shoulder press exercise machine and method of exercise
US5643152A (en) * 1995-03-01 1997-07-01 Cybex International, Inc. Chest press exercise machine and method of exercising
US5820520A (en) * 1996-01-04 1998-10-13 Sieber; Walter Paul Exercise device
US7090626B1 (en) 2002-04-23 2006-08-15 Miller Daniel S Exercise device
US7115078B1 (en) * 2003-02-21 2006-10-03 Kalember Robert S Orbital resistance-adjustable sphere exercising apparatus
US20050014609A1 (en) * 2003-07-15 2005-01-20 Neff John D. Exercise device for under a desk
US20070093360A1 (en) * 2003-07-15 2007-04-26 Neff John D Interactive computer simulation enhanced exercise machine
US20050054492A1 (en) * 2003-07-15 2005-03-10 Neff John D. Exercise device for under a desk
US7497807B2 (en) 2003-07-15 2009-03-03 Cube X Incorporated Interactive computer simulation enhanced exercise machine
US7497812B2 (en) 2003-07-15 2009-03-03 Cube X, Incorporated Interactive computer simulation enhanced exercise machine
US20070184942A1 (en) * 2006-02-07 2007-08-09 Mark Krietzman Rock and roll exercise fitness device and method
US20080004164A1 (en) * 2006-06-30 2008-01-03 Charles Alsip Overhead exercise device for the upper body
US20100248918A1 (en) * 2006-08-24 2010-09-30 Genki-Kobo Co.,Ltd. Exercise Assisting Tool
US20080234116A1 (en) * 2007-03-23 2008-09-25 Paula Elzerman Exercise system and method for its use
US20090239720A1 (en) * 2007-04-19 2009-09-24 Gordon Albin Osbak Oblique abdominal trainer
US7846077B2 (en) * 2007-04-19 2010-12-07 Gordon Albin Osbak Oblique abdominal trainer
US8083649B1 (en) * 2008-06-19 2011-12-27 Cordova Anthony C Wrist exercise devise
US20140221164A1 (en) * 2013-02-06 2014-08-07 Siniora Group International Inc. Exercise Device
US10058725B2 (en) 2016-02-29 2018-08-28 Blu Sky Solutions, LLC Handheld resistance exercise device and methods of exercising therewith

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