US3426836A - Machine for the continuous casting of slabs between bands - Google Patents

Machine for the continuous casting of slabs between bands Download PDF

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US3426836A
US3426836A US3426836DA US3426836A US 3426836 A US3426836 A US 3426836A US 3426836D A US3426836D A US 3426836DA US 3426836 A US3426836 A US 3426836A
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casting
belt
belts
slab
cavity
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Dietrich Altenpohl
Ivan Gyongyos
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Alcan Holdings Switzerland AG
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Alusuisse Holdings AG
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D11/00Continuous casting of metals, i.e. casting in indefinite lengths
    • B22D11/06Continuous casting of metals, i.e. casting in indefinite lengths into moulds with travelling walls, e.g. with rolls, plates, belts, caterpillars
    • B22D11/0637Accessories therefor
    • B22D11/0677Accessories therefor for guiding, supporting or tensioning the casting belts

Description

Feb. 11, 1969 D. ALTENPOHL ET AL MACHINE FOR THE CONTINUOUS CASTING OF SLABS BETWEEN BANDS Filed Dec. 1-3, 1965 Sheet of 2 INVENTORS: DUETRKH ALTENPQHL IVAN evo'wevos,

Tl/E/E A TTOENEX Feb. 11, 1969 ALTENPOHL ET AL 3,426,836

MACHINE FOR THE CONTINUOUS CASTING 0F SLABS BETWEEN BANDS Filed Dec. 13, 1965 Sheet INVENTORS:

DIETQICH ALIENDQHL & WAN eYoNeYbs,

United States Patent 16,058/64 U.S. (:1. 164-478 1m. (:1. B22d 11/06 9 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE The continuous casting of slabs in a belt-type mold provides for pressing of the belt against the solidified casting to preclude the occurrence of shrink spaces. The pressure is exerted elastically by mechanical means, such as backup rolls united in two endless circulating chains.

The invention relates to the continuous casting of metal slabs, namely of metal plates with a materially larger width than thickness. More particularly, the invention relates to the continuous casting of slabs, particularly of nonferrous metal slabs, with the aid of a belt-type mold. Still more particularly, the invention relates to the casting with belt-ty e molds, and to the molds themselves, which molds are characterized by the provision of two endless metal belts, preferably steel belts, that define between two opposite belt portions a mold cavity, and on the sides of which there are provided confining means such as two endless chains each composed of metal links, for instance steel links, or two steel bands, which move in synchronism with the cavity and form the side walls of the cavity.

The continuous casting of metal slabs with the aid of belt type molds has been carried out before, reference being had to French Patent No. 1,314,592 and to a lecture given on Feb. 26, 1964, by R. W. Hazelett and C. E. Swartz before the Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum Engineers, published by the Hazelett Strip- Casting Corporation.

Present belt-type molds for the casting of metal slabs, however, are deficient in that the two opposite portions of the endless belts that define the cavity are held apart for a fixed distance. This is a drawback because the casting will shrink in the cavity, and there will develop a wide shrink space between at least one of the wide surfaces of the casting and at least one of the belts, at most times the upper belt of the more or less horizontal mold cavity. The occurrence of this shrink space, on the other hand, is detrimental to the heat removal from the casting.

This lowering of the heat removal qualities may be compensated for by an energetic cooling of the steel belts, and is therefore in practice not very detrimental for the casting of slabs made of pure aluminum or pure zinc.

The casting, moreover, will not only shrink with its wide surfaces from one or both belts, but also at the sides resulting in lateral shrink spaces. These lateral shrink spaces are generally larger than the aforesaid wide shrink spaces. Yet, even these lateral shrink spaces have not given rise to bad castings made of pure aluminum or pure ZlIlC.

The shrink spaces at the wide surfaces, however, are detrimental to castings of alloys which tend to sweat during solidification like, for instance, aluminum magnesium alloys with one (1%) percent of magnesium or more, and AlZnMg alloys. The sweating is particularly disturbing where, as usual, the surfaces of the casting are neither milled nor planed prior to the subsequent rolling: in modr 3,426,836 Ce Patented Feb. 11, 1969 ern plants, the endless casting slab that emerges from the belt-type mold is first passed through a control and regulating station and then directly into a hot rolling mill that runs in synchronism with the belt-type molds.

It is accordingly among the principal objects of the invention to provide means for continuously casting slabs which avoid the aforesaid disadvantages of the prior art.

It is another object of the invention to provide means for the continuous casting with a belt-type mold free from shrink spaces at least between one of the two wide casting surfaces and the belt adjacent thereto.

It is a further object of the invention to subject the portions of the opposite belts that define therebeween the mold cavity to pressures suflicient to avoid the occurrence of any shrink spaces between either belt portion and the casting.

It is still a further object of the invention to provide latteral bands made of metal, to complete the mold cavity.

It is still another object of the invention to provide lateral bands of this type which are made of an elastic metal wire fabric.

It is still a further object of the invention to provide hydraulic, mechanical or pneumatic pressure means for pressurizing the casting in the mold cavity.

It is another object of the invention to provide for varying of the cooling intensity as the casting proceeds through the mold.

Further objects and advantages of the invention will be set forth in part in the following specification and in part will be obvious therefrom without being specifically referred to, the same being realized and attained as pointed out in the claims hereof.

For a fuller understanding of the nature and objects of the invention, reference should be had to the following detailed description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a symmetrical, vertical, sectional view of a belt-type mold in accordance with the prior art;

FIG. 2 is a large scale vertical sectional view of a belt-type casting mold in accordance with an embodiment of the instant invention;

FIG. 3 is a sectional view, taken on the line 33 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a large scale vertical fragmentary sectional view of a nozzle in accordance with a modification; and

FIG. 5 is a sectional view similar to FIG. 3 but embodying a modification.

In FIG. 1 there is shown a belt-type mold of the prior art. The upper belt 10 has a portion which forms with a portion of a lower belt 11 a mold cavity 19. The mold cavity 19 is laterally confined by lateral confining means such as two chains 12, only one of which is shown in FIG. 1. The belts 10 and 11 are made of steel and may be provided on the exterior side with a lining, for instance of fibrous aluminum silicate, or graphite, bonded by plastic material. The chains 12 circulate non-circularly in opposite directions, so that the aforesaid lateral cavity confining parts thereof move in synchronism, from left to right in FIG. 1, throughout the length of the mold cavity 19 with the cavity forming portions of the belts 10 and 11.

Guiding rolls 14 are provided for the belts, and the guiding rolls are mounted on fixed supports 13. Conduits 15 and 16 are provided for conducting cooling water to the belts 10, 11 and for spraying the water thereonto throughout the width of the belts. A tundish 17 for the molten metal is provided that has a nozzle 18 through which the molten metal is supplied to the mold cavity 19.

On the opposite (the right, FIG. 1) side of the mold, the casting emerges as a solidified slab, namely a wide plate (not shown). Slabs have been cast with this belttype mold of the prior art having a width of from .7 m.

to 1.5 In. and having a thickness from 13 mm. to 50 mm.

As previously referred to, the rolls 13-14 are fixed in space through revoluble, and thereby the belts and 11 are substantially fixed in space, except for their lengthwise non-circular circulating movement. As mentioned earlier, this causes the occurrence of shrink spaces, which the instant invention is designed to avoid.

The instant invention is particularly suitable for the continuous casting of metal slabs, particularly non-ferrous metal slabs that may have a width of 20, or more, times its thickness. The invention is particularly suitable for the casting of metal alloys which tend toward sweating, though it may be equally applied to the continuous casting of unalloyed aluminum and unalloyed zinc.

In carrying the invention into effect in the embodiments which have been selected for illustration in the accompanying drawings and for description in this specification of the instant invention, and referring now particularly to FIGS. 2 and 3, the instant invention provides for a belttype mold that has two oppositely circulating endless belts schematictlly indicated at and 21. The belts 20 and 21 are endless and move for circulation in opposite directions, as indicated by the arrows A and B. Each of the belts 20 and 21 essentially is composed of a steel belt or steel band. A mold cavity 28 is formed between opposite portions 20 and 21, respectively, of the belts 20 and 21. The mold cavity 28 is bounded laterally by lateral confining means, such as two lateral endless moving bands 22 (shown in FIG. 3, but omitted for the sake of clarity from FIG. 2). Tension rolls 23 and support rolls 24 are provided for guiding and tensioning the belts 20 and 21. The support rolls 24, as pointed out below, may be elastically displaceable.

Throughout the length of the cavity 28, the belt portions 20 and 21, and the lateral bands 22, are substantially straight and move substantially in synchronism in the direction D.

A tundish 26 is provided which receives the molten metal, for instance a molten aluminum alloy, through a tube 25 from a melting or heating furnace (not shown). A floating regulator 29 of conventional construction may be provided in the tundish 26 (see, for instance, Patent No. 3,050,793 of Aug. 28, 1962). The tundish 26 has a nozzle that reaches into the mold cavity 28 and discharges therethrough the molten metal into the cavity 28.

Sealing means 30 are provided for sealing the tundish 26 in the cavity 28. In the cavity 28, the molten part of the casting is shown at 31 and the solidified part, the slab, is indicated at 32.

Means are provided for pressing the portions 20 and 21' towards the wide surfaces of the solidified slab 32, acting oppositely vertically in FIG. 2. These means comprise two sets of pressure rolls 33. Each set of rolls 33 is associated with one of the belts 20, 21 and is completely surrounded thereby.

All the rolls 33 are parallel. The rolls 33 of each set are connected together. Each roll 33 of each set is journalled in a link of a chain, the rolls 33 of the belt 20 being journalled by the links of a chain 34, and the r0115 33 of the belt 21 being journalled by the links of the chain 34a.

Each roll 33 has circular rims 35 (FIG. 3) which are spaced apart from each other throughout the length of the roll 33, and have a larger diameter than the body of the roll 33. The rims 35 of those rolls 33 of the chain 34 which are in contact with a portion 20 of the belt 20, press from above (in FIGS. 2, 3) against that portion and thereby exert pressure against the upper wide surface of the solidified slab 32.

Simultaneously, those of the rolls 33 which are journalled by the chain 34a and are in contact with the underside of the portion 21' of the belt 21 will press upwardly (FIG. 2) towards the portion 21, and will thereby exert. upward pressure towards the wide undersurface of the solidified slab 32.

Each roll 33 may be elastically journalled in two opposite bearings 36 of the respective chain link. The bearings 36 are movable and are actuated by pistons 37 of air pressure cylinders 38. The compressed air is brought to the cylinders 38 through conduits 39. Other pressure media may, however, be used instead, for instance springs or the like, to press the pressure rolls 33 against the wide surfaces of the slab 32. Such an alternate arrangement is shown in FIG. 5 wherein spring means such as compression springs 49 form the pressure means to press the rolls 33 towards the casting 32.

As best shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, the moving belts 20 and 21 will be cooled throughout the portions 20' and 21 by spraying with a coolant, such as water. The water is conducted through conduits (not shown) to nozzles 40 that eject the water in fiat sprays. In FIG. 3, the vertical hand-drawn lines 41 indicate the sprayed cooling water.

Means are arranged, indicated at 42, for sucking away the water vapor, and means 43 are arranged to suck away not only the water vapor but also the water.

The endless chains 34 and 34a circulate in an opposite direction as the respective surrounding belts 20 and 21, respectively. Thus, while the belt 20 is indicated as circulating counterclockwise in the direction A, the chain 34 surrounded by the belt 20 circulates in the clockwise direction A. Similarly, the belt 21 that moves clockwise as indicated at B, surrounds the endless chain 34a which moves counterclockwise as indicated at B.

Instead of pressing the portions 20 and 21', respectively, towards the wide surfaces of the slab 32 by means of the aforesaid pressure rolls 33 and chains 34 and 34a, the portions 20' and 21 may be pressed towards the slab 32 by fluid streams which strike the portions 20' and 21' at high speed. Such fluids may be liquid or gaseous fluids. Of liquid fluids, such as water, large amounts are required for spraying requiring, in turn, removal conduits of large diameter. The use of pressurized gaseous fluid may therefore be preferable for this purpose.

The instant invention includes the use of pressurized gas jet nozzles which produce a cushion or pressurized gas of the type used in connection with vehicles of the type known as Aerofoil or Hydrofoil vehicles. A nozzle of this'type is shown at 44 in FIG. 4. The nozzle 44 is drawn inwardly at 45. The pressurized gas, usually air, is supplied to the nozzle 44 at the inlet 46, and is caused by a body 47 to be displaced first outwardly and thence inwardly, as indicated by the arrow C, and finally leaves the nozzle 44 concentrically through an outlet 48, escaping sidewardly below the nozzle 44.

By this guiding of the compressed air, there is formed a pressurized air cushion between the nozzle 44 and its belt, for instance, the belt portion 20' of the belt 20, as shown in FIG. 4; and the air will press the belt portion 20' powerfully towards the slab 32.

In accordance with a further embodiment of the invention, the compressed air may be used not only to exert pressure onto the belt 20, but also to cool it. For this purpose, water mist may be added to the compressed air for the combined pressurizing and cooling.

In accordance with the invention, the lateral walls of the mold cavity must be so arranged that they render possible the pressing of the circulating belts 20 and 21 along the portions 20 and 21, respectively, towards the wide surfaces of the slab 32. For this purpose, the instant invention provides for using, instead of the chains 12 of the prior art shown in FIG. 1, lateral confining means, such as lateral endless moving bands 22 of elastically compressible metal wire fabric that may be cooled by cooling air directed against the sides thereof.

In accordance with a preferred embodiment, these lateral bands preferably have a width which is considerably larger than the thickness of the slab 32, and which are pressed elastically throughout the length of the mold cavity 28 against the edges of the belts 20 and 21. This elastic pressing of the lateral bands towards the edges of the belts 20, 21 is of particular importance, as it is hardly possible to guide the edges of the belts 20 and 21 accurately parallel. These edges are subject to continuous deviations towards one side or the other, and these deviations must be taken up by the elastic pressing of the moving endless lateral bands thereagainst. These lateral bands 22 will move throughout the portions 20 and 21' in synchronism and in the same direction D therewith. These lateral bands 22 preferably are made of metal and, in accordance with a preferred embodiment as previously stated, are composed of an elastic metal wire fabric.

For pressing these lateral bands 22 towards the edges of the belts 20 and 21, either pneumatic, hydraulic or mechanical means of well-known suitable construction may be used.

Regarding the cooling of the casting, the compressed air that is used for pressing the belts 20, 21 towards the slab 32 may suflice for the cooling of the slab 32 if the casting operation is carried out sufficiently slowly; for instance, for the casting of an aluminum plate having a thickness of 13 mm. the normal casting speed is from to meters per minute; heavier plates would, of course, need to be cast at a slower speed.

Where a more vigorous cooling is desired, there may, as previously mentioned, be added water mist to the compressed air. The cooling efiect of this mixture is greater that that of air alone, as more calories are necessary to evaporate water than to heat it from room temperature to an elevated temperature of, for instance, 60 C. to 90 C. If desired, cooling water may be supplied in connection with the other steps of the instant method.

The operation in accordance with the invention is as follows:

Liquid metal enters into the tundish 26 through the tube by way of the floating regulator 29. The molten metal is then discharged into the mold cavity 28 that is defined by the belt portions 20 and 21' and by the lateral confining means, namely the lateral belts 22 (FIG. 3).

The molten metal enters the cavity 28 in a liquid state, as shown at 31 in FIG. 2. Soon thereafter as the metal progresses in the direction D, as urged by the belts 20 and 21 that circulate in opposite directions A and B, the metal will solidify and will 'form the solid slab 32.

solidification takes place in pure aluminum at between 659 C. and 651 C. and in an aluminum magnesium alloy with 3% Mg at between 650 C. and 610 C.

After the solidification, the slab 32 continues to cool until it leaves the mold cavity 28. During its progress through the mold cavity 28, the slab 32 is subjected to pressures applied to its wide surfaces, as shown in FIG. 2 from above and below. This pressure may be exerted either by the pressure rollers 33 that are journalled by links of the chains 34 and 340, which chains circulate oppositely relative to the encircling belts; or the pressure may be exerted by a pressure fluid, such as compressed air.

The purpose of this pressure application is to prevent the occurrence of shrink spaces between either portion 20', 21' and either wide surface of the slab 32 in the mold cavity 28.

As previously mentioned and as set out in detail below, the slab 32, during its movement in the direction D through the cavity 28, will be subjected to a cooling action. As previously indicated, where it is desired to pass the slab through a regulating station and thence directly into a synchronized hot rolling mill, it is important that the slab, after having become solidified, avoids the excessive loss of heat.

The distance between the casting machine and the hot rolling mill is usually about 10 m., and the temperature of the slab decreases throughout the distance for about 100 C. Thus, where the slab used is aluminum that emerges from the casting machine having a temperature of 450 C., it will upon arriving at the hot rolling mill have a temperature which is below the most propitious hot rolling temperature.

The invention provides that the cooling of the slab 32 inside the cavity 28 be so regulated, either with the aid of the air nozzles 44, or with any other suitable conventional means, for instance water spray means, that the slab 32 will be cooled in a varying manner throughout its path, as follows:

The metal will be cooled most vigorously in that portion of the cavity 28 in which it undergoes solidification and less heat will be removed from the slab 32 throughout the remaining portion of the cavity 28 through which the slab passes in solidified form. The purpose of the latter is so as to 'deliver the slab to the hot rolling mill at a desirably high temperature, for instance, in the case of pure aluminum, so as to reach the hot rolling mill at a temperature of 500 C. It may be advantageous to subject that portion of the cavity 28 in which the metal is liquid to a less vigorous cooling.

The invention provides, in accordance with a preferred mode of operation, for the cooling of the belt portions 20 and 21 merely by compressed air throughout that portion of the cavity 28 in which the casting metal is liquid; for the vigorous cooling in the solidified portion of the cavity 28 for instance, either with spray Water and compressed air simultaneously, or through compressed air containing water mist; and for the cooling of only with the aid of compressed air, preferably without the admixture of any water mist, throughout the remaining portion of the cavity 28.

Where the cooling is carried out with compressed air, the compressed air is preferably ejected alternatingly firstly through conventional nozzles by ejecting the stream of air at right angles to the belt to be cooled, and secondly through compressed air cushion nozzles in the direction D of the flow of the casting. In order to calibrate properly the heat removal in accordance with the portion of the cavity 28 and the condition of the casting therein, namely in succession in liquid form, solidifying and solidified, the content of the water mist admixture in the compressed air may be varied.

The invention provides furthermore that the pressure exertion by the fluid stream can be alternated with the spraying with a coolant.

The supporting rolls 24 may preferably be elastically displaceable towards the casting.

We wish it to be understood that we do not desire to be limited to the exact details of construction shown and described, for obvious modifications will occur to a person skilled in the art.

Having thus described the invention, what we claim as new and desire to be secured by Letters Patent is as follows:

1. A machine for continuously casting a metal slab, comprising a mold including two oppositely circulating belts having opposite portions defining therebetween the mold cavity, lateral confining means completing said mold cavity, the mold cavity along said belt portions having a width at least twenty times its thickness between said portions, and pressure means pressing at least one belt elastically in the direction of the thickness of said cavity said portions towards the casting in the mold cavity for preventing shrink spaces. 1

2. In a machine, as claimed in claim 1, said pressure means comprising a series of rolls applied to at least one of said belts near said portion thereof and exerting elastic pressure thereagainst for pressing said portion towards the casting in a direction at right angle to the casting direction.

3. In a machine, as claimed in claim 1, said lateral confining means comprising two lateral bands moving substantially in synchronism with said portions in the cast ing direction and being composed of elastically compressible metal wire fabric.

4. In a machine, as claimed in claim 1, said lateral confining means comprising two elastic bands moving substantially in synchronism with said portions in the casting di'rection, each band being pressed elastically in the direction towards the edges of said opposite portions for resiliently sealing the mold casting on the sides.

5. In a machine, as claimed in claim 1, said pressure means including rolls applied to at least one of said belts near said portion thereof, movable bearing means suspending said rolls, and resilient means connected to said bearing means and pressing the said rolls elastically towards the casting in the mold cavity.

6. In a machine, as claimed in claim 5, said resilient means comprising at least one air pressure cylinder for each roll, a piston in said cylinder and being in driving connection with the bearing means of said roll, said piston being operable by air pressuree for resiliently pressing said roll towards the casting.

7. In a machine, as claimed in claim 5, said resilient means comprising at least one spring in driving connection with the bearing means of said roll resiliently pressing said roll towards the casting.

8. A machine for continuously casting a metal slab, comprising a mold including two oppositely circulating belts having opposite portions defining therebetween the mold cavity, lateral confining means completing said mold cavity, the mold cavity along said belt portions having a width at least twenty times its thickness between said portions, and pressure means pressing in the direction of the thickness of said cavity said portions towards the casting in the mold cavity, said pressure means comprising a series of rolls applied to said belts near said portions thereof and exerting pressure thereagainst for pressing said portions towards the casting in a direction at right angle to the casting direction, and means for applying the roll pressure to the respective portions of both belts comprising two endless circulating chains each positioned eccentrically within the orbit described by a belt, each chain having a plurality of links journalling said rolls, and each chain during its circulation moving said rolls to and from their active pressure position adjacent the respective belt portion.

9. In a machine, as claimed in claim 8, each chain circulating in opposite direction relative to the circulating direction of its encircling belt.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,852,821 9/1958 Pond 164-278 3,041,686 7/1962 Hazelett et al. 16487 3,163,896 1/1965 Rochester et a1. 164-278 XR 3,228,072 1/ 1966 Hazelett et al 164278 3,283,368 11/1966 Homan 164282 3,324,937 6/1967 Vosburg 164-342 972,433 10/1910 Blackrnore 164-87 XR 1,872,691 8/1932 Drake 164-87 XR 2,904,860 9/1959 Hazelett 164-87 3,110,941 11/1963 Fagg 164-278 FOREIGN PATENTS 759,301 10/1956 Great Britain.

WILLIAM J. STEPHENSON, Primary Examiner. R. SPENCER ANNEAR, Assistant Examiner.

US. Cl. X.R. l6487

US3426836D 1964-12-11 1965-12-13 Machine for the continuous casting of slabs between bands Expired - Lifetime US3426836A (en)

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CH1605864A CH426114A (en) 1964-12-11 1964-12-11 A method of molding of band-shaped wide metal plates and machine therefor

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Cited By (21)

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US3933193A (en) * 1971-02-16 1976-01-20 Alcan Research And Development Limited Apparatus for continuous casting of metal strip between moving belts
US3937274A (en) * 1974-05-15 1976-02-10 Hazelett Strip-Casting Corporation Belt back-up apparatus and coolant application means for twin-belt casting machines
US3937270A (en) * 1973-11-09 1976-02-10 Hazelett Strip-Casting Corporation Twin-belt continuous casting method providing control of the temperature operating conditions at the casting belts
DE2616463A1 (en) * 1975-04-15 1976-10-28 Alcan Res & Dev An apparatus for continuous casting of a metal strip
US4002197A (en) * 1973-11-09 1977-01-11 Hazelett Strip-Casting Corporation Continuous casting apparatus wherein the temperature of the flexible casting belts in twin-belt machines is controllably elevated prior to contact with the molten metal
US4030537A (en) * 1975-06-25 1977-06-21 Southwire Company Thin gauge casting wheel band
US4051887A (en) * 1975-03-13 1977-10-04 Rheinisches Zinkwalzwerk Gmbh & Co. Kg Process for producing sheets and strip of zinc-copper-titanium alloy
US4061178A (en) * 1975-04-15 1977-12-06 Alcan Research And Development Limited Continuous casting of metal strip between moving belts
US4061177A (en) * 1975-04-15 1977-12-06 Alcan Research And Development Limited Apparatus and procedure for the belt casting of metal
EP0108926A1 (en) * 1982-11-05 1984-05-23 Allied Corporation Method and apparatus for magnetically holding a cast metal ribbon against a belt
US4552201A (en) * 1981-12-14 1985-11-12 Hazelett Strip-Casting Corp. Methods for shaping the casting region in a twin-belt continuous casting machine for improving heat transfer and product uniformity and enhanced machine performance
EP0181567A1 (en) * 1984-11-03 1986-05-21 MANNESMANN Aktiengesellschaft Equipment for casting metal strip, especially steel strip
US4614218A (en) * 1983-03-04 1986-09-30 Electric Power Research Institute Vacuum belt hugger for casting of ribbon
US4658883A (en) * 1981-12-14 1987-04-21 Hazelett Strip-Casting Corporation Systems for shaping the casting region in a twin-belt continuous casting machine for improving heat transfer and product uniformity and enhanced machine performance
US4671341A (en) * 1981-12-14 1987-06-09 Hazelett Strip-Casting Corporation Systems for shaping the casting region in a twin-belt continuous casting machine for improving heat transfer and product uniformity and enhanced machine performance
US4674558A (en) * 1981-12-14 1987-06-23 Hazelett Strip-Casting Corporation Methods for shaping the casting region in a twin-belt continuous casting machine for improving heat transfer and product uniformity and enhanced machine performance
US4679612A (en) * 1984-12-07 1987-07-14 Fried. Krupp Gesellschaft Mit Beschrankter Haftung Guide assembly for a twin-belt continuous casting mold
US4759400A (en) * 1985-10-03 1988-07-26 Kawasaki Steel Corporation Belt type cast sheet continuous caster and prevention of melt leakage in such a caster
US4909304A (en) * 1987-11-17 1990-03-20 Ishikawajima-Harima Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Endless track type continuous casting machine
US5979538A (en) * 1995-11-14 1999-11-09 Fata Hunter, Inc. Continuous chain caster and method
US20030205356A1 (en) * 1995-11-14 2003-11-06 Curt Braun Continuous chain caster and method

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DE3431316C2 (en) * 1984-08-25 1986-01-16 Fried. Krupp Gmbh, 4300 Essen, De
EP0205646A1 (en) * 1985-06-27 1986-12-30 Fried. Krupp Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung Mould for belt-type continuous casting, especially for casting steel

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US2852821A (en) * 1954-12-20 1958-09-23 Olin Mathieson Casting apparatus
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US3228072A (en) * 1958-03-17 1966-01-11 Hazelett Strip Casting Corp Feeding means for strip casting
US3041686A (en) * 1959-12-21 1962-07-03 Hazelett Strip Casting Corp Cooling methods and apparatus for providing a rapidly moving uniform layer of liquidcoolant
US3110941A (en) * 1960-10-03 1963-11-19 American Metal Climax Inc Continuous metal casting machine
US3163896A (en) * 1961-06-23 1965-01-05 Aluminium Lab Ltd Coated belt and method of making same for continuous metal casting process
US3324937A (en) * 1963-10-10 1967-06-13 Ruth G Vosburg Progressively collapsible mold to accommodate shrinkage in casting
US3283368A (en) * 1964-03-26 1966-11-08 Koppers Co Inc Roller apron conveyor continuous casting machine

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3933193A (en) * 1971-02-16 1976-01-20 Alcan Research And Development Limited Apparatus for continuous casting of metal strip between moving belts
US3937270A (en) * 1973-11-09 1976-02-10 Hazelett Strip-Casting Corporation Twin-belt continuous casting method providing control of the temperature operating conditions at the casting belts
US4002197A (en) * 1973-11-09 1977-01-11 Hazelett Strip-Casting Corporation Continuous casting apparatus wherein the temperature of the flexible casting belts in twin-belt machines is controllably elevated prior to contact with the molten metal
US3937274A (en) * 1974-05-15 1976-02-10 Hazelett Strip-Casting Corporation Belt back-up apparatus and coolant application means for twin-belt casting machines
US4051887A (en) * 1975-03-13 1977-10-04 Rheinisches Zinkwalzwerk Gmbh & Co. Kg Process for producing sheets and strip of zinc-copper-titanium alloy
DE2616463A1 (en) * 1975-04-15 1976-10-28 Alcan Res & Dev An apparatus for continuous casting of a metal strip
US4061178A (en) * 1975-04-15 1977-12-06 Alcan Research And Development Limited Continuous casting of metal strip between moving belts
US4061177A (en) * 1975-04-15 1977-12-06 Alcan Research And Development Limited Apparatus and procedure for the belt casting of metal
US4030537A (en) * 1975-06-25 1977-06-21 Southwire Company Thin gauge casting wheel band
US4658883A (en) * 1981-12-14 1987-04-21 Hazelett Strip-Casting Corporation Systems for shaping the casting region in a twin-belt continuous casting machine for improving heat transfer and product uniformity and enhanced machine performance
US4674558A (en) * 1981-12-14 1987-06-23 Hazelett Strip-Casting Corporation Methods for shaping the casting region in a twin-belt continuous casting machine for improving heat transfer and product uniformity and enhanced machine performance
US4671341A (en) * 1981-12-14 1987-06-09 Hazelett Strip-Casting Corporation Systems for shaping the casting region in a twin-belt continuous casting machine for improving heat transfer and product uniformity and enhanced machine performance
US4552201A (en) * 1981-12-14 1985-11-12 Hazelett Strip-Casting Corp. Methods for shaping the casting region in a twin-belt continuous casting machine for improving heat transfer and product uniformity and enhanced machine performance
US4506725A (en) * 1982-11-05 1985-03-26 Electric Power Research Institute Method and apparatus for magnetically holding a cast metal ribbon against a belt
EP0108926A1 (en) * 1982-11-05 1984-05-23 Allied Corporation Method and apparatus for magnetically holding a cast metal ribbon against a belt
US4614218A (en) * 1983-03-04 1986-09-30 Electric Power Research Institute Vacuum belt hugger for casting of ribbon
EP0181567A1 (en) * 1984-11-03 1986-05-21 MANNESMANN Aktiengesellschaft Equipment for casting metal strip, especially steel strip
US4679612A (en) * 1984-12-07 1987-07-14 Fried. Krupp Gesellschaft Mit Beschrankter Haftung Guide assembly for a twin-belt continuous casting mold
US4759400A (en) * 1985-10-03 1988-07-26 Kawasaki Steel Corporation Belt type cast sheet continuous caster and prevention of melt leakage in such a caster
US4909304A (en) * 1987-11-17 1990-03-20 Ishikawajima-Harima Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Endless track type continuous casting machine
US5979538A (en) * 1995-11-14 1999-11-09 Fata Hunter, Inc. Continuous chain caster and method
US20030205356A1 (en) * 1995-11-14 2003-11-06 Curt Braun Continuous chain caster and method
USRE38555E1 (en) 1995-11-14 2004-07-13 Hunter Douglas Industries, B.V. Continuous chain caster and method

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE1483644A1 (en) 1969-09-25
NO115225B (en) 1968-09-02
DE1483644B2 (en) 1974-01-03
CH426114A (en) 1966-12-15
NL6515823A (en) 1966-06-13
BE673310A (en) 1966-04-01

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