US3418897A - Artificial playing surface - Google Patents

Artificial playing surface Download PDF

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US3418897A
US3418897A US64534267A US3418897A US 3418897 A US3418897 A US 3418897A US 64534267 A US64534267 A US 64534267A US 3418897 A US3418897 A US 3418897A
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layer
playing surface
artificial
periphery
ground
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Robert A R Humalainen
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Robert Ar Humalainen
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Robert A.R. Humalainen
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C13/00Pavings or foundations specially adapted for playgrounds or sports grounds; Drainage, irrigation or heating of sports grounds
    • E01C13/08Surfaces simulating grass ; Grass-grown sports grounds

Description

Dec 3 1, 1968 R. A. R. HUMALAINEN 3,418,897 l ARTIFICIAL PLAYING SURFACE Filed June 12, 1967 INVENTOR ROBERT A. l?. HUMALA/NEN am, m1/0.5 16mm,

ATTORNEYS United States Patent O 3,418,897 ARTIFICIAL PLAYING SURFACE Robert A. R. Hnmalainen, 384 Mill St., Conneaut, Ghio 44u30 Filed June 12, 1967, Ser. No. 645,342 Claims. (Cl. 94-7) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLGSURE An artificial playing surface having a continuous layer of artificial grass stretched over a layer of all-weather carpeting or the like with the periphery of the artificial grass layer anchored in the g-round outside the periphery of the carpeting.

Background of the invention This invention relates to an articial playing surface, particularly an articial yputting green, which possesses substantially the same properties as a natural plaving surface therebv p-roviding substantially the same playing conditions and without the considerable expense normally required to install and maintain a natural putting green.

Today there are many aspiring amateur golfers and would-be golfers who would enjoy having a practice putting green in his own backyard to improve his putting skills, but the cost of installing and maintaining a natural putting green is prohibitive. Moerover, while various types of artificial playing surfaces have been devised for use in place of natural putting greens which provide closely similar playing conditions, they are generally so elaborate and expensive that as a practical matter the average person cannot afford an artificial puttin-g green any more than he can the real thing.

Summary of the invention The artificial playing surface of the present invention, like those of the prior art, has substantially the same properties as a natural playing surface, and in addition is much less expensive in construction and can be readily installed Vby anyone without the use of special tools, these being principal objects of the present invention. These and other objects are achieved by lproviding a playing surface having a base layer of all-weather carpeting or the like which has the give of turf and a top layer of articial grass stretched over the base layer with its periphery anchored in a channel member in the ground outside the periphery of the carpeting by forcing a rod member into such channel member.

It is accordingly another object of this invention to provide an artificial playin-g surface with a novel anchoring means for holding the outermost layer of the playing surface in a tightly stretched condition to provide uniform resistance to a rolling ball over its entire area.

To the accomplishment of the foregoing and related ends, the invention, then, comprises the features hereinafter fully described and particularly pointed out in the claims, the following description and the annexed drawing setting forth in detail a certain illustrative embodiment of the invention, this being indicative, however, of but one of the various ways in which the principles of the invention may be employed.

periphery of the playing surface of FIG. l illustrating the surface and particularly showing the manner in which ice the artificial grass layer is anchored in the ground; and FIG. 3 is an exploded fragmentary perspective view of the anchoring means of FIG. 2 in disassembled form.

Description of the preferred embodiment Referring now in detail to the drawing and first especially to FIG. 1, there is shown `by way of example an artificial playing surface 1 in accordance with this invention installed in a -backyard 2 or other such location for use as a putting green 3 having a cup 4 therein which may be marked by a flag 5 in conventional manner. Sand traps or other obstacles, not illustrated, may be placed around the green 3 as desired.

As will be apparent from FIG. 2, the artificial playing surface 1 generally comprises a base layer 6 disposed in a shallow recess 7 inthe ground 2 and covered by a thin layer 8 of artificial grass. The Ibase layer 6 maybe of any of the commercially available all-weather carpetings having the required resiliency and compressibility to simulate turf, a good example being the so-called inside-outside patio rugs presently on the market, and desirably has a thickness of about 3/8 inch with its upper surface 10 approximately flush with the ground 2 adjacent the recess 7. If desired, a layer 11 of fine gravel or other such material having a depth of about 1 to 11/2 inches may cover the bottom 12 of the recess 7 to facilitate drainage, in which case the recess 7 would have to be dug approximately 11/2 inches deep at its periphery 13. In any event, the recess 7 should be deep enough to remove all of the grass and weeds and should be subsequently sprayed or coated `with a suitable weed killer prior to placement of the gravel layer 11. Inwardly of the periphery 13 the recess 7 may be of any desired contour which can ybe assumed `by the carpet layer 6 without the formation of bulges or Wrinkles.

After the carpet layer 6 has been installed, elongated channel sections 15 of extruded plastic having parallel side walls 16, 17 and a round bottom 18 are driven into the ground 2 outside the periphery of the recess 7 and carpet layer 6. The channel sections 15 may have an overall height of approximately 21/2 inches and be continuous in length, or there may be a plurality of such sections spaced approximately 18 to 20 inches apart in the ground. The fianged top 19 of the inner side wall 16 may be flush with the ground, but the outermost Side wall 17 is desirably slightly shorter than the inner side wall 16 to permit sod 20 to be placed over its top flange 21 without forming a hump. Should the soil be too hard to permit driving of the channel sections, a shallow trench may be cut in the ground for receipt of the channel sections.

The artificial grass layer S may now be placed over the carpet layer 6 and pulled tightly to remove most wrinkles and the like, after which the grass layer 8 is cut outwardly of the channel sections 15 so that its outer periphery 22 overlies the channel sections a distance somewhat greater than the depth of the channel sections, in this case about 21/2 inches. Next one or more rods 23 which may be of plastic having a diameter slightly larger than the spacing between the side walls 16, 17 of the channel sections 15 are used to push the periphery 22 of the grass layer -8 into the channel sections and lock or anchor such periphery 22 in place by the rods 23 engaged in the round bottom portion 18 of the channel sections. As the periphery 22 of the grass layer 8 is forced into the channel sections, the grass layer is caused to Ibe tightly stretched over the carpet layer 6 and is permanently held in such stretched condition by the plastic rods 23.

The grass layer 8 has a thin Woven rbacking 25 and a nap 26 of exible fibers projecting a slight distance above the backing which closely resembles closecut grass to provide the desired resistance to rolling of a golf ball thereon similar to the grass on a natural putting green. Such artificial grass 8 like the carpet layer 6 should ybe able to withstand the rain, ice, and snow so that the artificial playing surface 1 may be left in the ground year around, -but the playing surface 1 could be taken up vfor the winter mouths or covered during bad weather if desired. An example of a commercially available artificial grass which has proven satisfactory in use is Velvetex.

With the artificial grass layer 8 properly anchored as just described, the open end 27 of the channel sections 15 may be filled with sod 20 and the cup 4 located on the green where desired by cutting a hole through the articial playing surface 1 and digging out the ground therebeneath to the extent necessary to receive the cup 4 therein.

From the above discussion, it can now be seen that the artificial playing surface of the present invention is of a relatively inexpensive yconstruction and yet provides a durable playing surface having substantially the same properties as a natural putting green and requires very little care or upkeep. The artificial grass layer is firmly anchored in a stretched condition around its entire periphery thereby providing a playing surface which closely matches the contour of the carpet layer therebeneath for uniform resistance to rolling of a golf ball thereon.

While the artificial playing surface disclosed herein has been specifically described with reference to its use as `an artificial putting green, it should be understood that the principles of the invention are also applicable to the other types of artificial playing surfaces as well, such as outdoor lawn tennis courts, badminton courts, and volley ball courts, to name a few.

Other modes of applying the principles of the invention may be employed, change being made as regards the details described, provided the features stated in any of the following claims or the equivalent of such be employed.

I, therefore, particularly point out and distinctly claim as my invention:

1. An artificial playing surface such as may be used for putting greens and the like comprising a base layer of a carpet-like material having the desired resiliency and compressibility disposed in a recess in the ground, an outer layer of artificial grass covering said base layer, and -rneans for anchoring the outer periphery of said outer layer in the ground outside said recess to maintain said outer layer in a tightly stretched condition over said 'base layer.

2. The artificial playing surface of claim 1 wherein said means for anchoring said outer layer in the ground as aforesaid comprises a channel section embedded Iin the ground outside the periphery of said recess, said channel section having vertically extending side walls and a round bottom, and an elongated rod engaging the bottom of said channel section locking the periphery of said outer layer lbetween said rod and the bottom of said channel section.

3. The artificial playing surface of claim 2 wherein the inner side wall of said channel section is longer than the outer side wall, whereby when the top of said inner side wall is fiush with the ground vthe top of said outer side wall is below ground level to permit sod to be placed over the top of said outer side wall without forming a hump.

4. The artificial playing surface of claim 2 wherein said rod causes said top layer to be stretched during pushing of the periphery of said top layer into said channel section by said rod.

5. The artificial playing surface of claim 2 wherein there are a plurality of said channel sections embedded in the ground in spaced apart relation.

6. The artificial playing surface of claim 2 wherein said channel section is a plastic extrusion and said rod is also plastic.

7. The artificial playing surface of claim 1 further comprising a layer of fine gravel covering the bottom of Said recess to facilitate drainage.

8. The artificial playing surface of claim 1 wherein said base layer comprises an all-weather inside-outside patio rug, and said artificial grass layer comprises a thin Woven backing having a nap of flexible fibers projecting therefrom.

9. The artificial playing surface of claim 8 wherein said base layer is approximately inch thick and its outer surface is substantially flush with the ground adjacent the periphery of said recess.

10. The artificial playing surface of claim 9 further comprising a layer of gravel covering the bottom of said recess to facilitate drainage, said gravel layer being approximately 1 to 11/2 inches dee-p.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,277,936 9/1918 Innes 94-7 1,352,733 9/1920 Egerton 94-7 X 1,949,063 2/1934 Merrill 94-7 1,970,959 8/1934 Gauntlett 94-7 X 2,515,847 7/1950 Winkler 94-7 X 3,323,802 `6/1967 Riner 947 X 3,348,847 10/1967 Fischl 94-7 X NILE C. BYERS, Primary Examiner.

US64534267 1967-06-12 1967-06-12 Artificial playing surface Expired - Lifetime US3418897A (en)

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Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3577894A (en) * 1969-01-28 1971-05-11 Dean Emerson Jr Playing court
US3596576A (en) * 1968-11-29 1971-08-03 Monsanto Chemicals Synthetic golf green
US3687021A (en) * 1970-02-24 1972-08-29 Billy R Hensley Vertically draining flat structures
US4312504A (en) * 1978-03-20 1982-01-26 Monsanto Company System for converting synthetic turf surfaces from one to another condition
EP0093008A1 (en) * 1982-04-27 1983-11-02 Nottinghamshire County Council Playing surfaces for sports
EP0109065A1 (en) * 1982-11-11 1984-05-23 Broermann, Rita Concrete block for securing the edges of a synthetic turf material
US5085424A (en) * 1990-08-02 1992-02-04 Grandstand International Corp. Laminated playing surface
US5356344A (en) * 1991-05-24 1994-10-18 Top Golf, Inc. Synthetic turf, method of making thereof, border strip for small size golf and understructure for artificial large size golf
WO1997020993A1 (en) * 1995-12-06 1997-06-12 Abt, Inc. Drainage channel grates for athletic playing surfaces and associated methods
US5853265A (en) * 1995-12-06 1998-12-29 Abt, Inc. Edge adapter for athletic playing surface and associated method
US5916034A (en) * 1997-05-22 1999-06-29 Lancia; Steven A. Miniature golf hole system
US6338885B1 (en) 1997-03-10 2002-01-15 Fieldturf Inc. Synthetic turf
US6602113B2 (en) 1999-12-08 2003-08-05 2752-3273 Quebec Inc. Method for forming synthetic turf game surfaces
US6616542B1 (en) * 2001-08-27 2003-09-09 U.S. Greentech, Inc. Artificial putting system
US20040058095A1 (en) * 2000-11-30 2004-03-25 Carr Patrick J. Synthetic covering systems for safety areas of airports
US6723412B2 (en) 1997-03-10 2004-04-20 Fieldturf, Inc. Synthetic turf
US6740387B1 (en) 1998-06-09 2004-05-25 2752-3273 Quebec Inc. Synthetic turf game surface
US20080104914A1 (en) * 2001-01-15 2008-05-08 Alain Lemieux Resilient Floor Surface
US20090186716A1 (en) * 2008-01-23 2009-07-23 Lancia Steven A Miniature golf hole system
US20110014844A1 (en) * 2009-07-20 2011-01-20 Mattel, Inc. Modular Play Environment for a Wheeled Object
US9737781B2 (en) 2012-06-26 2017-08-22 David T Pelz Synthetic putting green
US20170328017A1 (en) * 2014-12-19 2017-11-16 Ten Cate Thiolon B.V. Sports field construction

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1277936A (en) * 1915-11-22 1918-09-03 Harry C Innes Road, paving, flooring, or like structures.
US1352733A (en) * 1918-10-18 1920-09-14 Henry C Egerton Mat, &c.
US1949063A (en) * 1930-08-14 1934-02-27 Goodrich Co B F Artificial turf
US1970959A (en) * 1932-12-05 1934-08-21 Cecil G Gauntlett Mat construction
US2515847A (en) * 1945-04-13 1950-07-18 Carl W Winkler Surfacing material
US3323802A (en) * 1965-04-02 1967-06-06 Bigelow Sanford Inc Putting rug including removable sections to form simulated cups
US3348847A (en) * 1964-09-28 1967-10-24 Bi Lateral Fire Hose Co Golf practice device including simulated divot means

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1277936A (en) * 1915-11-22 1918-09-03 Harry C Innes Road, paving, flooring, or like structures.
US1352733A (en) * 1918-10-18 1920-09-14 Henry C Egerton Mat, &c.
US1949063A (en) * 1930-08-14 1934-02-27 Goodrich Co B F Artificial turf
US1970959A (en) * 1932-12-05 1934-08-21 Cecil G Gauntlett Mat construction
US2515847A (en) * 1945-04-13 1950-07-18 Carl W Winkler Surfacing material
US3348847A (en) * 1964-09-28 1967-10-24 Bi Lateral Fire Hose Co Golf practice device including simulated divot means
US3323802A (en) * 1965-04-02 1967-06-06 Bigelow Sanford Inc Putting rug including removable sections to form simulated cups

Cited By (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3596576A (en) * 1968-11-29 1971-08-03 Monsanto Chemicals Synthetic golf green
US3577894A (en) * 1969-01-28 1971-05-11 Dean Emerson Jr Playing court
US3687021A (en) * 1970-02-24 1972-08-29 Billy R Hensley Vertically draining flat structures
US4312504A (en) * 1978-03-20 1982-01-26 Monsanto Company System for converting synthetic turf surfaces from one to another condition
EP0093008A1 (en) * 1982-04-27 1983-11-02 Nottinghamshire County Council Playing surfaces for sports
EP0109065A1 (en) * 1982-11-11 1984-05-23 Broermann, Rita Concrete block for securing the edges of a synthetic turf material
DE3241691A1 (en) * 1982-11-11 1984-06-14 Karl Broermann Clamping drainage system
US5085424A (en) * 1990-08-02 1992-02-04 Grandstand International Corp. Laminated playing surface
US5356344A (en) * 1991-05-24 1994-10-18 Top Golf, Inc. Synthetic turf, method of making thereof, border strip for small size golf and understructure for artificial large size golf
WO1997020993A1 (en) * 1995-12-06 1997-06-12 Abt, Inc. Drainage channel grates for athletic playing surfaces and associated methods
US5647689A (en) * 1995-12-06 1997-07-15 Abt, Inc. Drainage channel grates for athletic playing surfaces and associated methods
US5779393A (en) * 1995-12-06 1998-07-14 Abt, Inc. Drainage channel grates for athletic playing surfaces and associated methods
US5853265A (en) * 1995-12-06 1998-12-29 Abt, Inc. Edge adapter for athletic playing surface and associated method
US6132137A (en) * 1995-12-06 2000-10-17 Abt, Inc. Drainable fields and associated methods
US6723412B2 (en) 1997-03-10 2004-04-20 Fieldturf, Inc. Synthetic turf
US6338885B1 (en) 1997-03-10 2002-01-15 Fieldturf Inc. Synthetic turf
US5916034A (en) * 1997-05-22 1999-06-29 Lancia; Steven A. Miniature golf hole system
US6740387B1 (en) 1998-06-09 2004-05-25 2752-3273 Quebec Inc. Synthetic turf game surface
US6602113B2 (en) 1999-12-08 2003-08-05 2752-3273 Quebec Inc. Method for forming synthetic turf game surfaces
US7806625B2 (en) 2000-11-30 2010-10-05 Avturf, L.L.C. Infilless and/or fuel absorbing synthetic covering system for safety areas of airports
US20040058095A1 (en) * 2000-11-30 2004-03-25 Carr Patrick J. Synthetic covering systems for safety areas of airports
US7175362B2 (en) * 2000-11-30 2007-02-13 Avturf L.L.C. Synthetic covering systems for safety areas of airports
US20080032069A1 (en) * 2000-11-30 2008-02-07 Avturf, L.L.C. Infilless and/or fuel absorbing synthetic covering system for safety areas of airports
US7901154B2 (en) 2000-11-30 2011-03-08 Avturf L.L.C. Arrester bed system and method for airports and airfields
US20100030709A1 (en) * 2000-11-30 2010-02-04 Avturf, L.L.C. Marketing method for artificial turf at airports
US20080104914A1 (en) * 2001-01-15 2008-05-08 Alain Lemieux Resilient Floor Surface
US6616542B1 (en) * 2001-08-27 2003-09-09 U.S. Greentech, Inc. Artificial putting system
US7736241B2 (en) 2008-01-23 2010-06-15 Lancia Steven A Miniature golf hole system
US20090186716A1 (en) * 2008-01-23 2009-07-23 Lancia Steven A Miniature golf hole system
US20110014844A1 (en) * 2009-07-20 2011-01-20 Mattel, Inc. Modular Play Environment for a Wheeled Object
US9737781B2 (en) 2012-06-26 2017-08-22 David T Pelz Synthetic putting green
US20170328017A1 (en) * 2014-12-19 2017-11-16 Ten Cate Thiolon B.V. Sports field construction
US10385520B2 (en) * 2014-12-19 2019-08-20 Ten Cate Thiolon B.V. Sports field construction

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