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US3409188A - Dispensing closures for containers - Google Patents

Dispensing closures for containers Download PDF

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Publication number
US3409188A
US3409188A US63069067A US3409188A US 3409188 A US3409188 A US 3409188A US 63069067 A US63069067 A US 63069067A US 3409188 A US3409188 A US 3409188A
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Prior art keywords
panel
sifter
frame
hinge
dispensing
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Expired - Lifetime
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Robert H Wright
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Robert H. Wright
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D47/00Closures with filling and discharging, or with discharging, devices
    • B65D47/04Closures with discharging devices other than pumps
    • B65D47/06Closures with discharging devices other than pumps with pouring spouts or tubes; with discharge nozzles or passages
    • B65D47/08Closures with discharging devices other than pumps with pouring spouts or tubes; with discharge nozzles or passages having articulated or hinged closures
    • B65D47/0804Closures with discharging devices other than pumps with pouring spouts or tubes; with discharge nozzles or passages having articulated or hinged closures integrally formed with the base element provided with the spout or discharge passage
    • B65D47/0833Hinges without elastic bias
    • B65D47/0838Hinges without elastic bias located at an edge of the base element
    • B65D47/0842Hinges without elastic bias located at an edge of the base element consisting of a strap of flexible material

Description

NOV. 5, 1968 WR|GHT 3,409,188

DISPENSING CLOSURES FOR CONTAINERS Filed April 13, 1967 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR ROB ERT H. WRIGHT ATTORNEY S Nov. 5, 1968 R. H. WRIGHT DISPENSING CLOSURES FOR CONTAINERS 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed April 13, 1967 8 33 T 3 I H 3 R R O W T 3 N H I 3 nn 1 W E 5 B 3 O u R [I 0 5 J ATTORNEYS United States Patent- O 3,409,188 DISPENSING 'CLOSURES FOR CONTAINERS Robert H. Wright, 190 Warren Ave., Hartland, Wis. 53029 Filed Apr. 13, 1967, Ser. No. 630,690 2 Claims. (Cl. 222-480) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A one-piece, double-hinged dispensing closure in the top of a salt carton, or other container for granular or powdered materials, which device can be swung open one way to form a pouring spout, and which can be opened the opposite way to expose a number ofsmall sifting openings for use when it is desired to shake a limited quantity of material from said container.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Field of invention-The present invention relates to dispensing means for containers, and more particularly to dispensers for seasoning containers and the like which can be selectively used for either shaking or pouring.

Description of the prior art-Prior US. Patents Nos. 2,940,645; 2,826,343; and 3,018,024 disclose one-piece dispensing closures having sifting openings and attached hinged lids, but said devices do not include interchangeable pouring spouts integral therewith. Prior Patents Nos. 2,327,420; 2,589,819; and 2,904,226 disclose combination sifting and pouring dispensers, but said prior devices are not in the form of a one-piece, double-hinged unit which can be selectively openedin opposite directions to obtain the desired dispensing action.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention provides a novel dispensing closure for the top of a salt carton or other container for granular or powdered products which can be opened by a housewife or other user to provide a pouring spout when it is desired to dispense a relatively large quantity into a measuring cup or the like, and which can be manipulated to retract said spout and to expose a number of sifting apertures when it is desired to shake a limited quantity of the product from said container.

Unlike prior dispensers combining both a sifter and pouring spout, the present invention can be molded from plastic or similar inexpensive material in a single piece, thus providing a dispenser which is not only functionally superior to said prior devices but which is substantially more economical to manufacture.

A further feature is that the novel double-hinged design and simple but unique opening procedure characterizing the present invention has been found to provide a source of curiosity and fascination to a user.

Still further important features of the present dispensing closure are that it is durable and not easily broken, it is reliable in use, and it is otherwise particularly well adapted for its intended purposes.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In the drawings, wherein the same reference numerals designate the same parts in all of the views:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a salt carton having the improved dispensing closure in the top thereof, said device being shown in its closed position;

FIG. 2 is a fragmentary perspective view of the salt carton with the dispenser opened to expose the sifting apertures;

FIG. 3 is a similar fragmentary perspective view of the carton showing the dispensing closure opened the opposite way to form a pouring spout;

7 3,409,188 Patented Nov. 5, 1968 DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring now more particularly to FIG. 1 of the drawings, the numeral 10 designates a conventional cylindrical salt carton of the type commonly available in grocery stores, said container having a top 11 within which the novel dispensing closure 12 comprising the present invention is permanently mounted. It is to be understood, of course, that while a salt carton is illustrated in the drawing and will be referred to hereafter, the novel dispensing closure can be advantageously employed'with containers for other granular or powdered products as well, and the invention is by no means to be limited in this respect. Moreover, while said dispenser is preferably molded of a flexible and resilient plastic material such as polyethylene, other resilient materials and forming methods could be employed.

In FIG. 1 of the drawing the carton 10 is shown in its normal, upright position, with the dispenser 12 closed, while in FIGS. 2 and 3 said carton is illustrated in its inverted, dispensing positions. In FIG. 2 the dispensing closure is shown opened to expose the sifting openings 13, for use when it is desired to shake a small, controlled quantity of the container contents on food, and in FIG. 3 said dispenser 12 is arranged to form a bulk pouring spout, as when it is desired to pour a relatively larger quantity into a measuring cup or the like, or when it is desired to fill individual salt shakers or the like.

With reference now to FIGS. 4-8, it will be seen that said dispensing rlosure 12 includes a frame 14 surrounding and defining a dispensing opening 18, said frame having a top portion 16 designed to overlie the carton top 11 (FIGS. 4 and 7), and there being an annular cutout or groove 17 into which the marginal portion of said carton top projectsv In the illustrated embodiment of the invention one end of said frame 14 is slightly narrower than the opposite end, which narrow end will be hereinafter referred to as the forward end for the sake of convenience, and formed on the lower portion of said forward end is a lip or shoulder 19 which projects into the opening 18. The frame longitudinal walls are provided with notches or cutouts 21 in their bottom edges adjacent the opposite, rearward end of said frame, as is shown in FIGS. 5 and 7, the function of which will be hereinafter seen.

Formed integrally on the rearward end of .the frame 14 is a hinge member 22 having a pair of transverse cutouts or grooves 15 and 20 thereacross (FIG. 7) forming hinge lines, and which member hingedly secures an apertured panel 23, hereinafter called the sifter panel, to said frame. The surface of said sifter panel 23 is depressed, as shown, and is provided with a plurality of perforations or apertures 13 forming the sifting openings. The size and number of said sifting openings can be varied, of course, depending upon the particular prod-net.

Said sifter panel 23 is of a shape and size to seat substantially flush within and covering the frame opening 18, and as best appears in FIG. 4 a lug 26 formed on the end face of said panel 23 is adapted to snap under the shoulder provided by the forward end of said frame when said sifter panel is pressed into seated position within said frame opening 18, there also being lugs 26' formed on the longitudinal edges of said panel designed to snap under said frame when the panel is positioned therein. In addition, there is formed on and extending across the hinge member 22 a transverse flange 24 having beveled end portions 24' which project laterally outwardly beyond said hinge member (FIG. 5), and which projecting flange ends snap into the aforementioned frame cutouts 21 when said sifter panel is seated within said frame opening 18. Thus there is provided an interfitting assembly which permits the sifter panel 23 to be releasably snap-locked in seated position in the frame 14, the resiliency of the plastic material permitting the necessary momentary deformation of said coacting parts to engage or disengage the same.

Formed along the longitudinal edges and projecting transversely from said apertured sifter panel 23 is a pair of sector-shaped side wings 27 and 28 having arcuate outer edges which are formed on a radius extending from the hinge line in the hinge member 22. As is illustrated in FIG. 4, said side wings 27, 28 are designed to extend downwardly into the container when the sifter panel 23 is positioned within and overlying the frame opening 18, and when said panel is swung upwardly and rearwardly about said hinge line 20 to the raised position shown in FIG. 3 (and in broken lines at (B) in FIG. 4), said elements 27, 28 form the side walls of a pouring spout. Spaced protrusions 29, 29 on the curved edges of said side wings adjacent the lower ends thereof are designed to snappingly engage on opposite sides of the aforementioned frame shoulder 19 to releasably secure said wings in their upwardly extending position when the dispenser is being used for pouring, the enlarged lower lugs 29' preventing the spout from being pulled out of the Container opening 18.

Referring now more particularly to FIGS. 68, formed integrally on the rearward end of the sifter panel 23 is a hinge member 31 of reduced width which hingedly secures a non-perforate top panel or lid 32 to said sifter panel, said hinge member having a transverse groove 37 (FIG. 7) forming a hinge line therein. Said top panel 32 is adapted to be seated substantially flush within and covering the sifter panel (FIG. 4), said top panel having a projecting annular flange 33 which is designed to removably fit within the aforementioned depressed area formed in said sifter panel. Lugs 38 on the ends and 38 on the sides of said top panel are yieldably engageable under coacting shoulder projections on said sifter panel to releasably retain said members in interfitting relation, and an upwardly-inclined projection or tab 39 on the surface of said top panel adjacent the free end thereof facilitates the manual grasping and manipulation of said top panel.

As hereinabove described, when the novel dispensing closure comprising the present invention is in its normal, closed position, as shown in full lines in FIG. 4, the sifter panel 23 is seated within the covering the frame opening 18, the hinge portion 22 being bent over upon itself as shown, and the lugs 26, 26' and laterally-projecting flange members 24 on said panel being snapped into engagement with cooperating frame portions to releasably retain said sifter panel therein. The top panel 32 is positioned over and seated within said sifter panel 23, the hinge portion 31 being double over upon itself as shown, and the lugs 38, 38' on said top panel snap lock under coacting shoulder portions on said sifter panel to releasably retain the same therein. Said inter-fitting assembly forms a relatively fiat unit when closed which facilitates the stacking of a number of containers for storage or shipment.

When it is desired to shake a relatively small amount of salt (or other material carried in the container), a user has merely to insert his fingers under the projecting tab 39 on the free end of the top panel 32 and pull upwardly thereon, thus disengaging said top panel from the sifter panel and permitting said top panel to be swung upwardly and forwardly about the hinge line 37 to the raised position (A) illustrated in broken lines in FIG. 4. The apertures 13 in the sifter panel 23 are thus exposed, and the user can invert and shake the carton (FIG. 2) to dispense the salt therefrom. After use the top panel 32 can again be swung downwardly and pressed into the sifter panel to snap lock the same therein, thus forming a closure therefor.

If it is desired to pour a larger quantity of salt into a measuring utensil, or into individual salt shakers, the user may grasp the projecting end of the hinge portion 31 and pull upwardly thereon to disengage the conjoined top panel 32 and sifter panel 23 from the frame 14, and said panels can then be swung upwardly and rearwardly as a unit about the hinge line 20 to the raised position (B) illustrated in broken lines in FIG. 4, thus exposing the pouring opening 18. As said unit is swung to said raised position the side wing members 27, 28 are pivoted upwardly therewith, of course, thus forming a spout-like dispenser from which the desired quantity of salt can be poured (FIG. 3). Said pouring spout can be retracted merely by swinging the panels 23, 32 downwardly again to a position overlying the frame opening 18, and snapping them into seated position therein, thus closing the carton until such time as it is desired to again dispense salt therefrom. Concise operating directions can be imprinted on the closure face if desired.

From the foregoing detailed description it will be seen that the present invention provides a novel dispensing closure for salt or other granular or powdered material containers which has several important advantages over prior dispensing closures. With the present invention the dispenser can be opened one way to provide a bulk pouring spout, or it can be opened the opposite way to expose a sifting opening when it is desired to dispense a limited quantity of the product.

In addition, and unlike prior dispensing closures combining both a sifter and pouring spout, the present invention can be molded from plastic or similar inexpensive material in a single piece, thus providing a unit which is relatively inexpensive to manufacture. Said improved dispensing closure is also durable and not easily broken, and it is simple and reliable in use.

It is to be understood that numerous variations or modifications in the above-described structure are possible, and it is intended to cover herein not only the illustrated embodiment but also any and all variations or modifications thereof as may come within the spirit of said invention, and within the scope of the following claims.

What I claim is:

1. A dispensing closure for containers, comprising: a frame mountable in the top of a container and defining a pouring opening, said frame having a pair of longitudinal walls and having a forward end and a rearward end; a shoulder formed on and across said frame forward end projetcing into said opening; first hinge means on the rearward end of said frame and located below the frame upper edge; an apertured sifter panel connected to said first hinge means, said sifter panel being positionable overlying and covering said pouring opening and being swingable upwardly and rearwardly about said hinge means to a raised position exposing said pouring opening; a pair of sector-shaped side wings on said sifter panel which project downwardly into the container when said panel is in its lowered position and which wings are adapted to form the sides of a pouring spout when said panel is swung upwardly to a raised position; spaced protrusions formed on each of said side wings adjacent the lower ends thereof adapted to snappingly engage on opposite sides of said frame forward end shoulder to releasably secure said wings in their upwardly-extending position; second hinge means on the forward, free end of said sifter panel, said second hinge means projecting upwardly at an angle relative to the container top to permit the same to be manually grasped and pulled;

and a top panel connected to said second hinge means and positionable overlying and covering said sifter panel, said top panel being swingable upwardly and forwardly about said second hinge means to expose said apertured sifter panel and said top panel and sifter panel being conjointly swingable upwardly and rearwardly about said first hinge means to form a pouring spout.

2. The dispensing closure structure recited in claim 1 and having: a cutout formed in the bottom edge of each of said frame longitudinal walls adjacent the rearward 1 ends thereof, said cutouts being aligned; and an integral transverse flange on said first hinge means having end portions projecting laterally outwardly beyond said hinge means and adapted to releasably snap into said aligned frame cutouts to yieldably lock said sifter panel in seated position within the frame.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,016,168 1/1962 Larson 222-543 X 3,018,024 1/1962 Foord 222-543 X 3,185,359 5/1965 Buntic 222532X 3,187,964 6/1965 Foster 222543 X 3,342,380 9/1967 Smith 222-565 X STANLEY H. TOLLBERG, Primary Examiner.

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3499588A (en) * 1968-11-25 1970-03-10 Morton Int Inc Plastic container top with combination closure and sprinkler
US3563426A (en) * 1969-07-03 1971-02-16 Morton Int Inc Plastic container top with combination closure and sprinkler
US4492323A (en) * 1981-11-09 1985-01-08 Gateway Plastics, Inc. Water pitcher
US4655373A (en) * 1981-11-09 1987-04-07 Gateway Plastics, Inc. Water pitcher
US4717050A (en) * 1986-05-19 1988-01-05 Sunbeam Plastics Corporation Multiple orifice dispensing closure
US4804113A (en) * 1987-06-26 1989-02-14 Dart Industries Inc. Salt and pepper shaker
US4961521A (en) * 1989-11-21 1990-10-09 Eckman Ronald E Adjustable metered dispenser
US5180080A (en) * 1990-12-27 1993-01-19 Geschwender Robert C Dispenser and method of viewing granular dry matter as it is being dispensed
US6053183A (en) * 1999-02-09 2000-04-25 Color Access, Inc. Loose powder sifter
JP2006008151A (en) * 2004-06-23 2006-01-12 Toyo Seikan Kaisha Ltd Cap for shaking-out made of plastic
US7021481B2 (en) * 2001-06-01 2006-04-04 The Coca-Cola Company Container lid with multiple openings
FR2906981A1 (en) * 2006-10-17 2008-04-18 Oreal Dispensing nozzle for packaging and dispensing device, has nozzle portion having inner skirt provided with catch designed to enable nozzle to be fitted on container, and outer skirt radially surrounding inner skirt
US20100270331A1 (en) * 2009-04-22 2010-10-28 Katharine Cummins Spice container with pivoting cover

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3016168A (en) * 1958-12-29 1962-01-09 Donald W Larson Shaker and pouring dispenser
US3018024A (en) * 1959-11-13 1962-01-23 American Can Co Container closure
US3185359A (en) * 1964-01-29 1965-05-25 Nat Lock Co Dispensing device for salt and the like
US3187964A (en) * 1964-08-28 1965-06-08 Clark Mfg Co J L Sheet metal container with plastic closure plug
US3342380A (en) * 1967-09-19 At to zn ey

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3342380A (en) * 1967-09-19 At to zn ey
US3016168A (en) * 1958-12-29 1962-01-09 Donald W Larson Shaker and pouring dispenser
US3018024A (en) * 1959-11-13 1962-01-23 American Can Co Container closure
US3185359A (en) * 1964-01-29 1965-05-25 Nat Lock Co Dispensing device for salt and the like
US3187964A (en) * 1964-08-28 1965-06-08 Clark Mfg Co J L Sheet metal container with plastic closure plug

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3499588A (en) * 1968-11-25 1970-03-10 Morton Int Inc Plastic container top with combination closure and sprinkler
US3563426A (en) * 1969-07-03 1971-02-16 Morton Int Inc Plastic container top with combination closure and sprinkler
US4492323A (en) * 1981-11-09 1985-01-08 Gateway Plastics, Inc. Water pitcher
US4655373A (en) * 1981-11-09 1987-04-07 Gateway Plastics, Inc. Water pitcher
US4717050A (en) * 1986-05-19 1988-01-05 Sunbeam Plastics Corporation Multiple orifice dispensing closure
US4804113A (en) * 1987-06-26 1989-02-14 Dart Industries Inc. Salt and pepper shaker
US4961521A (en) * 1989-11-21 1990-10-09 Eckman Ronald E Adjustable metered dispenser
US5180080A (en) * 1990-12-27 1993-01-19 Geschwender Robert C Dispenser and method of viewing granular dry matter as it is being dispensed
US6053183A (en) * 1999-02-09 2000-04-25 Color Access, Inc. Loose powder sifter
US7021481B2 (en) * 2001-06-01 2006-04-04 The Coca-Cola Company Container lid with multiple openings
JP2006008151A (en) * 2004-06-23 2006-01-12 Toyo Seikan Kaisha Ltd Cap for shaking-out made of plastic
JP4525205B2 (en) * 2004-06-23 2010-08-18 東洋製罐株式会社 Plastic drawer cap
FR2906981A1 (en) * 2006-10-17 2008-04-18 Oreal Dispensing nozzle for packaging and dispensing device, has nozzle portion having inner skirt provided with catch designed to enable nozzle to be fitted on container, and outer skirt radially surrounding inner skirt
WO2008046782A1 (en) * 2006-10-17 2008-04-24 L'oreal Dispensing nozzle for a device for packaging and dispensing a product, such as a cosmetic product, and associated device.
US20100270331A1 (en) * 2009-04-22 2010-10-28 Katharine Cummins Spice container with pivoting cover

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