US3397880A - Vise clamp - Google Patents

Vise clamp Download PDF

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Publication number
US3397880A
US3397880A US54895566A US3397880A US 3397880 A US3397880 A US 3397880A US 54895566 A US54895566 A US 54895566A US 3397880 A US3397880 A US 3397880A
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Prior art keywords
jaw
vise
frame
actuating
movable jaw
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Expired - Lifetime
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William G Kuban
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Kurt Manufacturing Co
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Kurt Manufacturing Co
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Priority to US54895566 priority Critical patent/US3397880A/en
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Assigned to FIRST BANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION reassignment FIRST BANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION SECURITY INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: KURT MANUFACTURING COMPANY, INC.
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B1/00Vices
    • B25B1/06Arrangements for positively actuating jaws
    • B25B1/10Arrangements for positively actuating jaws using screws

Description

United States Patent 3,397,880 VISE CLAMP William G. Kubau, Minneapolis, Minn., assignor to Kurt Manufacturing Company, Minneapolis, Minn., a corporation of Minnesota Filed May 10, 1966, Ser. No. 548,955 5 Claims. (Cl. 269-240) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A precision machine vise comprising a body having a fixed jaw rigidly mounted thereon and having a movable jaw slidably mounted thereon for sliding movement toward and away from said fixed jaw. An elongate actuating screw revolvably mounted on said body and an actuating nut threadedly engaging said screw and being movable relative to said body. Said actuating nut having an inclined surface interlocking a complementary inclined surface on said movable jaw. An elongate stress receiving frame structure disposed exteriorly of said body and being connected at one end to said fixed jaw and being connected at its other end to said body. Said stress receiving frame structure being operable to receive reaction forces produced in the fixed jaw and to thereby stabilize the fixed jaw against these reaction forces.

An Object of this invention is to provide a novel precision machine vise, of simple and inexpensive but very durable construction, wherein the jaws of the vise, when in gripping relation with respect to a workpiece are not only completely immobilized, but the reaction forces which are produced in the jaws in response to the compression forces are transmitted to an exterior clamping structure which is capable of some deformation or yielding movement without affecting the clamping jaws of the vise. More specifically, the clamping structure to which the reaction forces are transmitted is carried by the base of the vise but is located exteriorly thereof and does not therefore require the vise to be altered substantially when the clamping structure is applied thereto. By having these reaction forces transmitted to a stress receiving clamping structure capable of some yielding movement, these forces therefore will not cause movement of the jaws of the vise and the workpiece may be maintained in its preset position. It is essential in precision work that the workpiece be immobilized against movement from a preset position.

These and other objects and advantages of this invention will more fully appear from the following description made in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein like reference characters refer to the same or similar parts throughout the several views, and in which:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the novel vise; and

FIG. 2 is a side elevational view with certain parts thereof broken away for clarity.

Referring now to the drawings, it will be seen that one embodiment of my novel vise, designated generally by the reference numeral 10, is there known. The vise includes a body 1.1, comprised of a base 12, preferably formed of high ductile cast iron and provided with a pair of outwardly projecting embossed elements 13, each having an aperture 14 therethrough through which suitable nut and bolt assembly project to permit mounting of the vise upon a suitable machine. The body 11, as pointed out above, is preferably formed of a high quality ductile iron in a casting operation and includes a pair of upstanding laterally spaced apart slide structures 15 which project upwardly from the base 12. The upper surfaces of the slide structures are machined and hardened by flame 3,397,880 Patented Aug. 20, 1968 treatment to define smooth guideways 16 upon which is slidably mounted the movable jaw 17. It will be seen that the movable jaw 17 is of generally reactangular configuration and is provided with a generally rectangular jaw plate 18, which is detachably secured thereto by suitable bolts. It is pointed out that opposite end faces of the movable jaw 17 has a pair of thread recesses 19 therein to permit the jaw plate .18 to be selectively attached to one end or the other, as best seen in FIG. 2.

A fixed or stationary jaw 20 of generally rectangular configuration is rigidly affixed to the slide structures 15 of the body 11 adjacent one end thereof, and it will be noted that the stationary jaw 20 is disposed in confronting opposed relation with respect to the movable jaw 17. This stationary jaw is preferably secured to the body 11 by means of bolts which project upwardly through threaded recesses in the slide structures 15 and engage threaded recesses in the stationary jaw 20. With this arrangement, the stationary jaw may be removed and replaced when desired. The stationary jaw 20 is also provided with threaded recesses to permit a jaw plate 21 to be secured thereto by suitable securing means such as bolts. The jaw plate 21, which is also of rectangular shaped configuration, is identical in construction to the jaw plate 18, and it will be seen that this jaw plate may also be selectively attached to either end of the stationary jaw 20.

Referring again to FIG. 2, it will be seen that the movable jaw 17 has a downwardly facing recess 22 therein, and this recess defines a generally upwardly inclined surface 23. The inclined surface 23 also has a smaller generally hemispherical upwardly opening recess 24 therein, in which is positioned a generally hemispherical segment or element 25. It is pointed out that the segment 25 is capable of movement within the recess 24 for a purpose to be defined more fully hereinbelow.

An elongate shaft 26 which has one end thereof threaded as at 27, extends through a cast bearing 28 integrally formed with and between the slide structures 15 ad acent one end thereof. The threaded end portion 27 of the shaft 26 threadingly engages the threaded bore 30 of an actuating nut 29 which is positioned between the respective slide structures 15 and is movable longitudinally of the base 12. To this end, it is pointed out that the actuating nut 29 has a pair of shoulders thereon extending longitudinally along the upper surface thereof. Each of the shoulders on the actuating nut engages a longitudinally extending downwardly facing shoulder 31 located on one of the slide structures 15. It will therefore be seen that the actuating nut 29 is supported on the actuating shaft 26, and is held against the downwardly facing shoulders 31 of the guide structures 15.

It will also be noted, that the actuating nut 29 has an upwardly projecting portion 32 which projects into the recess 22 of the movable jaw 17. The upwardly projecting portion 32 has an inclined face 33 which is disposed in confronting relation with respect to the incline surface 23 defined by the recess 22. It will also be noted that the incline face or surface 33 is disposed in engaging relation with the fiat surface 25a of the hemispherical segment 25. It Will further be seen that the inclined face or surface 33 is urged into engagement with the flat surface 25a of the hemispherical segment 25 by a threaded adjusting screw 34a that is disposed in threaded engagement with a threaded recess 34 formed in one end of the movable jaw 17. The threaded adjusting screw 35 actually engages the upwardly projecting portion 32 of the actuating nut 29 to urge and retain the same in engaging relation with respect to the fiat surface of the hemispherical segment 25. Thus, the actuating nut 29 is not only held against the shoulders 31 of the slide structures 15, but the actuating nut also cams or urges the movable jaw 17 downwardly against the guideways 16. Thus, as the work is engaged between the jaw plates of the movable and fixed jaws, the actuating nut imparts a downward component of force on the movable jaw to prevent any tendency of the same to tilt upwardly. In the embodiment shown, this downward component of force is approximately one-half the magnitude of the horizontal component of force exerted on the gripped workpiece by the movable jaw 17. This vector force relation may be varied by changing the angle of inclination between the actuating nut and movable jaw.

Means are also provided for receiving reaction forces produced in the jaws of the vise and thereby present deformation or yielding of the jaws and body of the vise. It 'has been found that by having these reaction forces produced in the jaws and body of the vise transmitted to stress receiving means, which itself is capable of limited yielding movement, the work which is clamped between the vise jaws may be maintained in a preset position and thereby permit a precision operation to be carried out upon the work.

This stress receiving means comprises a generally U- shaped frame structure 35 which, as shown, is disposed exteriorly of the body 11. The frame structure 35 includes a pair of elongate longitudinal frame members 36, which are rigidly interconnected at one end by transverse frame member 37, each of the longitudinal frame members 36 is being positioned exteriorly of the slide structures 15. It will also be noted, that the transverse frame member 37 is positioned exteriorly of the ends of the slide structures and outwardly of the cast bearing 28.

Opposite ends of the longitudinal frame members 36 have upwardly extending portions 38 integrally formed therewith, which are apertured and through which project suitable attachment bolts 39 that engage threaded recesses in the fixed jaw 20. These bolts 39 permit pivotal or rotary movement of the frame structure 35 relative to the fixed jaw. The transverse frame member 37, on the other hand, has an opening 40 therein through which projects the actuating shaft 26, so that the stress receiving frame structure 35 is actually securely connected to the fixed jaw of the vise and is secured at its opposite end substantially against movement by the shaft. It is pointed out though, that the longitudinal frame members in the embodiments shown are slightly spaced from the slide structures 15 and that the transverse frame member 37 is spaced outwardly of the ends of the slide structures 15 and the cast bearing 28.

Referring again to FIG. 2, it will be seen that the shaft 26 has an annular member 41 thereon which is disposed within an annular recess 42 formed in the outer surface of the cast bearing 28. Therefore, since the annular shoulder is interposed between the cast bearing 28 and the transverse member 37 longitudinal movement of the shaft is prevented. The actuating shaft 26 also has an adjusting collar 43 detachably secured thereto exteriorly of the transverse member 37. Thus, it will be seen that the frame structure 35 is secured to the fixed jaw of the vise and is also secured or anchored to the actuating shaft 26 of the vise while permitting revolving movement of the shaft.

Means are provided for facilitating rotation of the actuating shaft, and to this end, it will be seen that a suitable handle structure may be provided comprised of a sleeve 44 which may be disposed in telescoping :relation around the outer end of the shaft 26 and which has a pair of ears 45 projecting longitudinally therefrom. It will be seen, that the ears 45 are suitably apertured and one end of a handle 47 is positioned between the ears and is pivotally connected thereto by pivot 46 to permit relative pivot of movement between the sleeve 44 and the handle 47. Thus, it will be seen that the actuating shaft 26 may be readily revolved by means of the handle structure in the event that a manual operation is desired. It is further pointed out that a suitable hydraulic electric power actuating means may also be provided .for revolving the actuating shaft 26 and for moving the actuating nut 29.

During operation of my novel vise 10, a workpiece may be clamped between the jaw plates of the respective jaws. It will be seen that as the movable jaw '17 is moved into gripping relation with respect to the workpiece, any tendency of the movable jaw to tilt upwardly will be completely overcome by the coaction of the actuating nut 29 with the movable jaw 17. To this end, it will be noted that the upwardly projecting portion 32 will engage the flat surface 25a of the spherical segment so that as the movable jaw clamps the workpiece against the fixed jaw with a predetermined component of force, a downward component of force will be exerted by the actuating nut on the movable jaw so that the latter is constantly urged downwardly. By utilizing a spherical segment having a flat surface, a highly efl ective mating abutting relationship between the inclined face 33 of the upwardly projecting portion 32 and the movable jaw may be effected. Since the spherical element may swivel or revolve to permit mating of the flat surfaces, a highly effective alignment of the surfaces is assured.

The capabilities of the vise to grip workpieces of varying size becomes apparent because of the ability of attaching the jaw plates of the respective jaws selectively at opposite ends of the jaws. This is illustrated by dotted line configuration in FIG. 2. To this end, it is pointed out that the jaw plate of each jaw may be mounted in one of two positions thus permitting a relatively wide range of adjustment in addition to the relative movement between the respective jaws.

As the workpiece is gripped between the respective jaws, the reaction forces which develop in response to the compression forces will be produced in the fixed jaw, and will tend to cause the latter to distort or yield slightly in a horizontal direction as the compression forces increase. However, the reaction force produced in response to the compression forces in the fixed jaw will be readily transmitted to the stress receiving frame structures 35. The longitudinal frame members of this exterior frame structure will tend to bend since the ends of the frame structure are anchored against movement, but since these longitudinal frame members are positioned exteriorly of the vise and are, in fact, disposed in slightly spaced relation from the body '11 of the vise, the longitudinal members may undergo slight deformation or bowing. This deformation, in no way, produces any corresponding horizontal movement in the stationary jaw 20. Thus, the jaw 20, even though it is substantially smaller dimensionally than the larger movable jaw, will remain immobile even when subjected to extremely high compression forces. Therefore, the vise 10 is arranged and constructed for highly accurate precision work since the movable jaw is immobilized against tilting and the fixed jaw is immobilized against yielding or deformation in a horizontal direction by the reaction forces produced therein when gripping a workpiece.

It will be seen from the preceding paragraphs that by utilizing an exteriorly located stres receiving frame structure, which in effect serves as a clamp, it is unnecessary to construct the vise of massive dimensions even though the device is intended for use in a precision operation.

It further be noted that the use of an exteriorly located stress receiving frame structure or clamping means, does not require that the vise itself be specifically constructed or tailored to accommodate this stress receiving structure.

Thus, it will be seen that I have provided a novel and improved vise, which is not only of simple, inexpensive and rugged construction, but one which functions in a more efficient manner for high precision work than any heretofore known comparable device.

It will, of course, be understood that various changes may be made in the form, details, arrangement and proportions of the various parts without departing from the scope of my invention.

What I claim is:

1. A vise comprising a body, a fixed jaw on said body, a movable jaw mounted on said body for sliding movement towards and away from said fixed jaw, means for shifting said movable jaw comprising a shiftable nut engaging said body for shifting movement relative thereto, interlocking inclined surfaces on said movable jaw and nut so that the latter imparts a downward component of force on said movable jaw as the movable jaw is urged into gripping relation with a workpiece gripped between said jaws, an actuating screw engaging said nut for shifting the same, an elongate stress receiving frame structure disposed exteriorly of said body, means connecting one end portion of said frame structure to said fixed jaw, the other end of said frame structure being connected with said body remote from said fixed jaw, whereby reaction forces produced in said fixed jaw will be transmitted to said stress receiving frame structure.

2. The vise as defined in claim 1 wherein said frame structure is of generally U-shaped configuration, including a pair of longitudinal frame members and a transverse frame member extending between and interconnected to said longitudinal frame members.

3. The vise as defined in claim 2 wherein said transverse frame member of said frame structure comprises one of said anchoring elements.

4. The vise as defined in claim 2 wherein said longitud-inal frame members are spaced slightly from said body structure.

5. The vise as defined in claim 1 wherein each jaw has a pair of mounting faces, each face being located at one end of the associated jaw, a pair of jaw plates, means for selectively mounting each jaw plate on one of said mounting faces of each jaw.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 4/1959 Muggli 26924l X 2/1966 Bernhard 269-250 X

US54895566 1966-05-10 1966-05-10 Vise clamp Expired - Lifetime US3397880A (en)

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Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3738638A (en) * 1966-10-25 1973-06-12 Lassy Tool Co Workpiece supporting clip on parallels and roller bearing type hold-down jaws
US4043547A (en) * 1976-12-10 1977-08-23 Chicago Tool And Engineering Company Precision machine vise
US4098500A (en) * 1977-11-25 1978-07-04 Kurt Manufacturing Company, Inc. Adjustable member for reducing clamp load losses in a locking jaw vise
US4205833A (en) * 1978-10-30 1980-06-03 Kurt Manufacturing Company, Inc. Bench vise
US4295641A (en) * 1979-02-20 1981-10-20 Etablissements Boucher Freres Device for holding a workpiece to be machined in a specific position in relation to a machine-tool on which it may be fixed
US4299377A (en) * 1980-02-14 1981-11-10 Kurt Manufacturing Company, Inc. Manually operated clamp effort intensifier for vise
US4345750A (en) * 1981-02-02 1982-08-24 Glaser Hans F Vise
US4529183A (en) * 1982-11-22 1985-07-16 Krason Robert P Method of machining and vise for use therein
US4685663A (en) * 1986-03-20 1987-08-11 Jorgensen Peter B Precision vise with independently moveable jaws
FR2613968A1 (en) * 1987-04-14 1988-10-21 Perez Ets Clamping vice, particularly for machine tools
US4845899A (en) * 1987-12-07 1989-07-11 Mar Engineering, Inc. Cassette type tooling fixture
US4934676A (en) * 1988-05-06 1990-06-19 Saurer-Allma Gmbh Drive for a machine vice
US5033724A (en) * 1989-10-06 1991-07-23 James Lawrence W Machine tool vise
US5098073A (en) * 1989-05-11 1992-03-24 Kurt Manufacturing Company, Inc. Two-station vise with double-threaded screw
US5242159A (en) * 1992-08-20 1993-09-07 Kurt Manufacturing Company, Inc. Hydraulic double lock vise
USD420880S (en) * 1999-01-12 2000-02-22 Lavigne Manufacturing, Inc. Machining vise having a pivotal jaw assembly
USD421208S (en) * 1998-11-02 2000-02-29 Lavigne Manufacturing, Inc. Pivotal jaw assembly
USD422868S (en) * 1999-01-12 2000-04-18 Lavigne Manufacturing, Inc. Pull style machining vise having a pivotal jaw assembly
US20100130073A1 (en) * 2008-11-21 2010-05-27 Hobson Michael A Test fixture with high-current electrical connection
US20100320666A1 (en) * 2009-06-17 2010-12-23 Productivity Systems, Llc High-density fixture vise
US20120043711A1 (en) * 2010-08-18 2012-02-23 Kurt Manufacturing Company Inc. Five axis machine vise
US8336867B1 (en) 2006-09-01 2012-12-25 Chick Workholding Solutions, Inc. Workholding apparatus having a detachable jaw plate
US8454004B1 (en) 2006-09-01 2013-06-04 Chick Workholding Solutions, Inc. Workholding apparatus having a movable jaw member
US8573578B1 (en) 2006-09-01 2013-11-05 Chick Workholding Solutions, Inc. Workholding apparatus
US20140001692A1 (en) * 2012-06-27 2014-01-02 Kurt Manufacturing Company, Inc. Self centering dual direction clamping vise
US8720874B2 (en) 2010-09-08 2014-05-13 Kurt Manufacturing Company, Inc. Ball actuated lock pin
US9193040B2 (en) 2012-08-22 2015-11-24 Kurt Manufacturing Company, Inc. Machine vise attachment
US9227303B1 (en) 2006-09-01 2016-01-05 Chick Workholding Solutions, Inc. Workholding apparatus
US9352451B1 (en) 2013-05-02 2016-05-31 Chick Workholding Solutions, Inc. Workholding apparatus
USD760053S1 (en) * 2013-05-07 2016-06-28 Roehm Gmbh Vise
USD838568S1 (en) * 2017-10-19 2019-01-22 Chang-Yi Lin Vise

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2880638A (en) * 1956-11-23 1959-04-07 Lawrence A Muggli Jaw-advancing, -alignment and -adjusting means for machine-tool vises
US3232602A (en) * 1962-12-01 1966-02-01 Bernhard Johann Jaw vices

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2880638A (en) * 1956-11-23 1959-04-07 Lawrence A Muggli Jaw-advancing, -alignment and -adjusting means for machine-tool vises
US3232602A (en) * 1962-12-01 1966-02-01 Bernhard Johann Jaw vices

Cited By (38)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3738638A (en) * 1966-10-25 1973-06-12 Lassy Tool Co Workpiece supporting clip on parallels and roller bearing type hold-down jaws
US4043547A (en) * 1976-12-10 1977-08-23 Chicago Tool And Engineering Company Precision machine vise
US4098500A (en) * 1977-11-25 1978-07-04 Kurt Manufacturing Company, Inc. Adjustable member for reducing clamp load losses in a locking jaw vise
US4205833A (en) * 1978-10-30 1980-06-03 Kurt Manufacturing Company, Inc. Bench vise
US4295641A (en) * 1979-02-20 1981-10-20 Etablissements Boucher Freres Device for holding a workpiece to be machined in a specific position in relation to a machine-tool on which it may be fixed
US4299377A (en) * 1980-02-14 1981-11-10 Kurt Manufacturing Company, Inc. Manually operated clamp effort intensifier for vise
US4345750A (en) * 1981-02-02 1982-08-24 Glaser Hans F Vise
US4529183A (en) * 1982-11-22 1985-07-16 Krason Robert P Method of machining and vise for use therein
US4685663A (en) * 1986-03-20 1987-08-11 Jorgensen Peter B Precision vise with independently moveable jaws
FR2613968A1 (en) * 1987-04-14 1988-10-21 Perez Ets Clamping vice, particularly for machine tools
US4845899A (en) * 1987-12-07 1989-07-11 Mar Engineering, Inc. Cassette type tooling fixture
US4934676A (en) * 1988-05-06 1990-06-19 Saurer-Allma Gmbh Drive for a machine vice
JP2758202B2 (en) 1988-05-06 1998-05-28 ザウラー―アルマ・ゲゼルシヤフト・ミツト・ベシユレンクテル・ハフツング Vise drive
US5098073A (en) * 1989-05-11 1992-03-24 Kurt Manufacturing Company, Inc. Two-station vise with double-threaded screw
US5033724A (en) * 1989-10-06 1991-07-23 James Lawrence W Machine tool vise
US5242159A (en) * 1992-08-20 1993-09-07 Kurt Manufacturing Company, Inc. Hydraulic double lock vise
USD421208S (en) * 1998-11-02 2000-02-29 Lavigne Manufacturing, Inc. Pivotal jaw assembly
USD420880S (en) * 1999-01-12 2000-02-22 Lavigne Manufacturing, Inc. Machining vise having a pivotal jaw assembly
USD422868S (en) * 1999-01-12 2000-04-18 Lavigne Manufacturing, Inc. Pull style machining vise having a pivotal jaw assembly
US8573578B1 (en) 2006-09-01 2013-11-05 Chick Workholding Solutions, Inc. Workholding apparatus
US10040173B1 (en) 2006-09-01 2018-08-07 Chick Workholding Solutions, Inc. Workholding apparatus having a detachable jaw plate
US9227303B1 (en) 2006-09-01 2016-01-05 Chick Workholding Solutions, Inc. Workholding apparatus
US8905392B1 (en) 2006-09-01 2014-12-09 Chick Workholding Solutions, Inc. Workholding apparatus having a detachable jaw plate
US8336867B1 (en) 2006-09-01 2012-12-25 Chick Workholding Solutions, Inc. Workholding apparatus having a detachable jaw plate
US8454004B1 (en) 2006-09-01 2013-06-04 Chick Workholding Solutions, Inc. Workholding apparatus having a movable jaw member
US8302948B2 (en) * 2008-11-21 2012-11-06 Raytheon Company Test fixture with high-current electrical connection
US20100130073A1 (en) * 2008-11-21 2010-05-27 Hobson Michael A Test fixture with high-current electrical connection
US8256753B2 (en) * 2009-06-17 2012-09-04 Productivity Systems, Llc High-density fixture vise
US20100320666A1 (en) * 2009-06-17 2010-12-23 Productivity Systems, Llc High-density fixture vise
US20120043711A1 (en) * 2010-08-18 2012-02-23 Kurt Manufacturing Company Inc. Five axis machine vise
US9004472B2 (en) * 2010-08-18 2015-04-14 Kurt Manufacturing Company, Inc. Five axis machine vise
US8720874B2 (en) 2010-09-08 2014-05-13 Kurt Manufacturing Company, Inc. Ball actuated lock pin
US9095958B2 (en) * 2012-06-27 2015-08-04 Kurt Manufacturing Company, Inc. Self centering dual direction clamping vise
US20140001692A1 (en) * 2012-06-27 2014-01-02 Kurt Manufacturing Company, Inc. Self centering dual direction clamping vise
US9193040B2 (en) 2012-08-22 2015-11-24 Kurt Manufacturing Company, Inc. Machine vise attachment
US9352451B1 (en) 2013-05-02 2016-05-31 Chick Workholding Solutions, Inc. Workholding apparatus
USD760053S1 (en) * 2013-05-07 2016-06-28 Roehm Gmbh Vise
USD838568S1 (en) * 2017-10-19 2019-01-22 Chang-Yi Lin Vise

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Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: FIRST BANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, MINNESOTA

Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:KURT MANUFACTURING COMPANY, INC.;REEL/FRAME:007588/0087

Effective date: 19950628