US3393962A - Liquid applicator - Google Patents

Liquid applicator Download PDF

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Publication number
US3393962A
US3393962A US51114465A US3393962A US 3393962 A US3393962 A US 3393962A US 51114465 A US51114465 A US 51114465A US 3393962 A US3393962 A US 3393962A
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Prior art keywords
liquid
portion
body portion
bore
brush
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Andrews Maurice
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QUILL RES AND DEV CORP
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QUILL RES AND DEV CORP
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A46BRUSHWARE
    • A46BBRUSHES
    • A46B11/00Brushes with reservoir or other means for applying substances, e.g. paints, pastes, water
    • A46B11/001Brushes with reservoir or other means for applying substances, e.g. paints, pastes, water with integral reservoirs
    • A46B11/0013Brushes with reservoir or other means for applying substances, e.g. paints, pastes, water with integral reservoirs dispensing by gravity or by shaking
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45DHAIRDRESSING OR SHAVING EQUIPMENT; MANICURING OR OTHER COSMETIC TREATMENT
    • A45D34/00Containers or accessories specially adapted for handling liquid toilet or cosmetic substances, e.g. perfumes
    • A45D34/04Appliances specially adapted for applying liquid, e.g. using roller or ball
    • A45D34/042Appliances specially adapted for applying liquid, e.g. using roller or ball using a brush or the like

Description

July 23, 1968 M. ANDREWS 3,393,962

LIQUID APPLICATOR Filed Dec. 2. 1965 United States Patent Ofiice 3,393,962 Patented July 23, 1968 3,393,962 LIQUID APPLICATDR Maurice Andrews, London, England, assignor to Quill Research & Development Corp., New York, N.Y., a corporation of Delaware Filed Dec. 2, 1965, Ser. No. 511,144 Claims priority, application Great Britain, Dec. 4, 1964, 49,412/ 64 8 Claims. (Cl. 401-132) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A cartridge fountain brush includes a body member housing a liquid containing frangible capsule and having a resiliently deformable wall and a head portion. The head portion is provided with an axial bore having an enlarged outer section in which brush bristles are anchored, an enlarged inner section and a connecting intermediate section of small diameter sufficient to inhibit the flow of the liquid except when pressure is applied to the liquid. A filter mass nests in the bore inner section and is spaced from the intermediate bore.

This invention relates to liquid applicators of the type which can conveniently be carried in a purse or pocket. Such applicators are customarily provided for personal use e.g. for applying nail varnish or nail varnish remover, or other cosmetics, or for paint sticks.

It is an object of this invention to provide a liquid applicator from which liquid may controllably be expelled and applied to a surface, e.g. a finger nail or skin without resort to a separate brush and without the need to remove any protective cap or covering from the applicator.

It is a further object of the invention to provide a liquid applicator incorporating a sealed liquid reservoir, the material of which is not susceptible to attack by any of the constituents of the liquid and which thus provides the advantage of an indefinite shelf life for the article.

According to the present invention a liquid applicator comprises a tubular member having a head portion and a hollow cylindrical liquid-containing body portion closed at one end, at least the wall of the body portion being resiliently deformable, the head portion being provided with an axial bore accommodating at its outer end a brush and adjacent the inner end a filter, a portion of the bore between the brush and the filter having a diameter constricted sufficiently to prevent flowing of said liquid therethrough otherwise than when the liquid is forced under pressure.

A preferred embodiment of the invention is described hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawing in which:

FIGURE 1 is a side view, in section, of a liquid applicator and FIGURE 2 is a cross-section through the applicator of FIGURE 1, taken on the line 22.

Referring to the drawing, the applicator comprises a hollow cylindrical body portion 1 of resiliently deformable material, open at one end and closed at its other end by a cap 2, formed integrally with the body portion 1. A thin-walled sealed glass ampoule 3 is inserted within the body portion 1, the ampoule containing the liquid, for example nail varnish, to be applied.

An applicator head portion 4 is inserted within the open end of the body portion 1 and comprises a tubular element formed with an axial bore 5. One end of the head portion 4 has a cylindrical stem 6 dimensioned so as to be retained as a forcefit within the body portion 1, the open end edge of which abuts against an external shoulder 7 formed on the head portion 4.

The bore 5 has a portion 8 of uniform diameter extending for a short distance from the inner end of the head portion and terminating at a point adjacent the external shoulder 7; thereafter the bore gradually reduces in diameter to define a tapered portion for receiving a filter 9. The tapered portion is followed] by a short portion 10 of uniform but reduced diameter. The portion 10 communicates in turn with one end of a constricted neck 11, the purpose of which is to prevent the free flow of liquid therethrough, the diameter of the neck 11 being chosen such that, having regard to the natural viscosity to the liquid employed, the liquid can fiow through the neck 11 only when forced under pressure.

The outer end of the neck 11 opens into a brush holding chamber defined by a short portion 12 of the bore 5 wherein the diameter increases gradually towards the outer end, and a longer portion 13 wherein the diameter gradually decreases towards the outlet 14.

A nylon brush 15 is fitted within the brush holding chamber. The brush consists of a plurality of nylon filaments, laid parallel and doubled over at their mid point, a spring wire clip 16 binding the bight of the nylon filaments and engaging the wall of the portion 12 of the bore so that the bight of the nylon filaments is secured within the bore, with the tops of the filaments extending substantially axially from the outlet 14.

The body portion and head portion are formed of a resiliently deformable plastic material, resistant to corrosion and environmental stress cracking. A particularly suitable material is that sold in the United Kingdom by Imperial Chemical Industries Limited under the trademark Alkathene XDG33.

The filter 9 preferably consists of a plug of plastic foam material, forced into the tapered portion of the bore between the cylindrical portions 8 and 10. The foam material, whilst permitting liquid to pass, effectively prevents the passage of solid particles e.g. fragments of glass from the ampoule, when the latter is broken.

In use, for example as a nail varnish applicator, the body portion, containing the glass ampoule, is squeezed between finger and thumb until the ampoule breaks and releases the liquid into the body portion. By the further application of pressure to the body portion, the liquid is forced through the filter 9 and the constricted neck 11, into the brush 15, whence it may be applied as desired. Control of the quantity and the rate at which the liquid is expelled into the brush is achieved by varying the pressure applied to the body portion 1. When pressure is removed from the body, the latter resumes its original shape by drawing air and/or liquid back into the body portion until the internal and external pressures are equalised. Thus there is no tendency for further liquid to be expelled into the brush.

Whilst in the embodiment described and illustrated, the applicator is in two parts i.e. a body portion and a head portion, it may be made in the form of a one piece moulding, the ampoule being inserted from the bottom end of the body portion, which is then sealed by a cap.

What we claim is:

1. A liquid applicator comprising a tubular member including a head portion having an outlet and a hollow cylindrical body portion, means closing one end of the body portion and the wall of the body portion being resilliently deformable, an axial bore in said head portion communicating with said outlet and including an inner section of relatively large cross-section and in intermediate section of relatively small cross-section connecting said inner section and said outlet, a brush disposed within said outlet; filter means disposed within said axial bore outer section and spaced from said bore intermediate section, said bore intermediate section having a diameter constructed to prevent flow of liquid from within said body portion through said axial bore, otherwise than when said liquid is forced therethrough under pressure resulting from deformation of said body portion, and a rupturable capsule disposed within said body portion, said capsule containing the liquid to be applied by the applicator.

2. A liquid applicator according to claim 1 in which the filter means comprise a plurality of non-absorbent randomly disposed filaments.

3. A liquid applicator according to claim 1 and further comprising a resilient wire clip securing the brush within the bore, and the ends of said wire clip engaging the wall of said bore.

4. A liquid applicator according to claim 1 in which the head portion and the body portion are formed integrally.

5. A liquid applicator comprising a tubular head portion having an axial bore communicating with an outlet, a hollow cylindrical body portion open at one end thereof only, a liquid tight connection between said head portion and said body portion, a rupturable sealed ampoule disposed within said body portion, a brush disposed within said outlet, and extending outwardly thereof, filter means, located within said axial bore adjacent said body portion, said head portion and said body portion being formed of a plastics material resistant to corrosion and environmental stress cracking and the wall of said body portion being resiliently deformable and a portion of said axial bore, between said brush and said filter means, having a diameter constricted to prevent flow of liquid from within said body portion through said axial bore, otherwise than when said liquid is forced therethrough under pressure resulting from deformation of said body portion following breakage of said ampoule said axial bore comprising a first axial section of relatively large cross-section adjacent said outlet, a second axial portion defining said constricted portion, a third axial portion of uniform diameter greater than said constricted portion, and a fourth axial portion the diameter of which increases in the direction away from said outlet, said filter means being disposed within said fourth axial portion of said bore.

6. A liquid applicator according to claim 1 in which the external diameter of that part of the head portion surrounding the constricted portion of the bore is reduced to provide a finger grip.

'7. The liquid applicator according to claim 1 wherein said frangible capsule comprises a thin-walled glass ampoule.

8. A liquid applicator according to claim 5 wherein said ampoule is formed of thin-walled glass.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 752,078 2/1904 Burt et a1. 15608 X 824,688 6/1906 Ferris 15-608 X 1,935,639 11/1933 Keeshan 15-563 X 2,887,708 5/1959 Kane 15-542 3,043,316 7/1962 Bolser 13274.5 3,061,868 11/1962 Miller 15-539 3,152,352 10/1964 Kosik 15539 3,290,717 12/1966 Mizutani 15563 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,130,737 10/1956 France.

377,923 8/1932 Great Britain.

EDWARD L. ROBERTS, Primary Examiner.

US3393962A 1964-12-04 1965-12-02 Liquid applicator Expired - Lifetime US3393962A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB4941264A GB1021968A (en) 1964-12-04 1964-12-04 Liquid applicator

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US3393962A true US3393962A (en) 1968-07-23

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US3393962A Expired - Lifetime US3393962A (en) 1964-12-04 1965-12-02 Liquid applicator

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GB (1) GB1021968A (en)

Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0014791A1 (en) * 1979-02-15 1980-09-03 Richardson-Vicks, Inc. Liquid dispenser
WO1984003862A1 (en) * 1983-03-28 1984-10-11 Milton P Chernack Disposable applicator
US4625741A (en) * 1984-08-23 1986-12-02 David Gardiner Nail polisher
US4966480A (en) * 1986-02-28 1990-10-30 Pentel Kabushiki Kaisha Washing liquid cartridge for refill ink type writing instrument
US5288159A (en) * 1992-12-04 1994-02-22 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Liquid applicator with frangible ampoule and support
US5308180A (en) * 1991-12-09 1994-05-03 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Liquid applicator with metering insert
WO1995003734A1 (en) * 1993-08-03 1995-02-09 Medi-Flex Hospital Products, Inc. Liquid applicator
US5791801A (en) * 1996-08-30 1998-08-11 Siebe North, Inc. Liquid applicator
US6572296B2 (en) * 2001-05-31 2003-06-03 Henlopen Manufacturing Co., Inc. Containers simulating collapsible tubes, packages including such containers, and methods of making them
US6673031B2 (en) 2001-09-25 2004-01-06 Phillip Mark Liquid applicator
EP1477083A1 (en) * 2003-05-14 2004-11-17 L'oreal Applicator and container comprising such an applicator
US20040244809A1 (en) * 2003-03-28 2004-12-09 Gueret Jean-Louis H. Cosmetic applicator
US20050175786A1 (en) * 2004-01-23 2005-08-11 Singh Brij P. Surface treatment applicator/dispenser
US20050191113A1 (en) * 2004-03-01 2005-09-01 Frazier Thomas G. Single use applicator for applying viscous fluids
US20070243008A1 (en) * 2006-04-18 2007-10-18 Vogt John A Device and process for cleaning fiber optic connector contacts
US20080056802A1 (en) * 2006-08-31 2008-03-06 Sossy Baghdoian Artist's painting brush and method for using same
US20080319063A1 (en) * 2007-06-25 2008-12-25 Sheng Zhang Curing accelerator and method of making
US20090318583A1 (en) * 2008-06-20 2009-12-24 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc. Stable and sterile tissue adhesive composition with a controlled high viscosity
US20090317353A1 (en) * 2008-06-20 2009-12-24 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc., Method of preparing adhesive compositions for medical use: single additive as both the thickening agent and the accelerator
US20100112036A1 (en) * 2008-10-31 2010-05-06 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc. Cyanoacrylate-based liquid microbial sealant drape
US20110224723A1 (en) * 2007-11-14 2011-09-15 Jeoung Soo Lee Cyanoacrylate tissue adhesives
US8550737B2 (en) 2010-09-20 2013-10-08 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc Applicators for dispensing adhesive or sealant material
US8652510B2 (en) 2008-10-31 2014-02-18 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc Sterilized liquid compositions of cyanoacrylate monomer mixtures
US9018254B2 (en) 2007-06-25 2015-04-28 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc Cyanoacrylate tissue adhesives with desirable permeability and tensile strength
US9066711B2 (en) 2011-11-02 2015-06-30 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc Applicators for storing sterilizing, and dispensing an adhesive
US9254133B2 (en) 2008-10-31 2016-02-09 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc Sterilized liquid compositions of cyanoacrylate monomer mixtures
US9309019B2 (en) 2010-05-21 2016-04-12 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc Low dose gamma sterilization of liquid adhesives
US9421297B2 (en) 2014-04-02 2016-08-23 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc Sterilized compositions of cyanoacrylate monomers and naphthoquinone 2,3-oxides

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3411853A (en) * 1967-06-27 1968-11-19 Harry H. Hoff Disposable nail polish applicator
US3614245A (en) * 1967-08-15 1971-10-19 Gilbert Schwartzman Single-use applicator
US5098297A (en) * 1988-10-04 1992-03-24 John O. Butler Company Apparatus for application of a tooth desensitizing composition

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US752078A (en) * 1904-02-16 Marking-brush
US824688A (en) * 1904-05-28 1906-06-26 Waterman L E Co Fountain-brush.
GB377923A (en) * 1931-04-21 1932-08-04 Ignaz Marcher Improvements in or relating to collapsable tubes or containers
US1935639A (en) * 1932-05-19 1933-11-21 William T Keeshan Container and applicator
FR1130737A (en) * 1955-05-24 1957-02-11 A cleaning characters typewriters
US2887708A (en) * 1953-08-07 1959-05-26 Haelan Lab Inc Dispenser for dispensing liquid by brush, swab or rod application
US3043316A (en) * 1960-02-02 1962-07-10 Mary E Bolser Applicator for fluids
US3061868A (en) * 1960-07-26 1962-11-06 Miller Jack Force feed fountain type brush
US3152352A (en) * 1962-09-13 1964-10-13 Jr Samuel J Kosik Dispenser for rejuvenating wiper blades
US3290717A (en) * 1964-06-06 1966-12-13 Mizutani Norihiko Pen

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US752078A (en) * 1904-02-16 Marking-brush
US824688A (en) * 1904-05-28 1906-06-26 Waterman L E Co Fountain-brush.
GB377923A (en) * 1931-04-21 1932-08-04 Ignaz Marcher Improvements in or relating to collapsable tubes or containers
US1935639A (en) * 1932-05-19 1933-11-21 William T Keeshan Container and applicator
US2887708A (en) * 1953-08-07 1959-05-26 Haelan Lab Inc Dispenser for dispensing liquid by brush, swab or rod application
FR1130737A (en) * 1955-05-24 1957-02-11 A cleaning characters typewriters
US3043316A (en) * 1960-02-02 1962-07-10 Mary E Bolser Applicator for fluids
US3061868A (en) * 1960-07-26 1962-11-06 Miller Jack Force feed fountain type brush
US3152352A (en) * 1962-09-13 1964-10-13 Jr Samuel J Kosik Dispenser for rejuvenating wiper blades
US3290717A (en) * 1964-06-06 1966-12-13 Mizutani Norihiko Pen

Cited By (49)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0014791A1 (en) * 1979-02-15 1980-09-03 Richardson-Vicks, Inc. Liquid dispenser
WO1984003862A1 (en) * 1983-03-28 1984-10-11 Milton P Chernack Disposable applicator
US4572689A (en) * 1983-03-28 1986-02-25 Chernack Milton P Disposable applicator
US4625741A (en) * 1984-08-23 1986-12-02 David Gardiner Nail polisher
US4966480A (en) * 1986-02-28 1990-10-30 Pentel Kabushiki Kaisha Washing liquid cartridge for refill ink type writing instrument
US5308180A (en) * 1991-12-09 1994-05-03 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Liquid applicator with metering insert
US5288159A (en) * 1992-12-04 1994-02-22 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Liquid applicator with frangible ampoule and support
US5658084A (en) * 1992-12-04 1997-08-19 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Liquid applicator with frangible ampoule and support
US5435660A (en) * 1992-12-04 1995-07-25 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Liquid applicator with frangible ampoule and support
WO1995003734A1 (en) * 1993-08-03 1995-02-09 Medi-Flex Hospital Products, Inc. Liquid applicator
US5445462A (en) * 1993-08-03 1995-08-29 Medi-Flex Hospital Products, Inc. Liquid applicator
US5791801A (en) * 1996-08-30 1998-08-11 Siebe North, Inc. Liquid applicator
US6572296B2 (en) * 2001-05-31 2003-06-03 Henlopen Manufacturing Co., Inc. Containers simulating collapsible tubes, packages including such containers, and methods of making them
US6673031B2 (en) 2001-09-25 2004-01-06 Phillip Mark Liquid applicator
US20040244809A1 (en) * 2003-03-28 2004-12-09 Gueret Jean-Louis H. Cosmetic applicator
US20050236008A9 (en) * 2003-03-28 2005-10-27 Gueret Jean-Louis H Cosmetic applicator
US20090208269A1 (en) * 2003-03-28 2009-08-20 L'oreal S.A. Cosmetic applicator
US20050008420A1 (en) * 2003-05-14 2005-01-13 Gueret Jean-Louis H. Applicator, and packaging and applicator device including applicator
EP1477083A1 (en) * 2003-05-14 2004-11-17 L'oreal Applicator and container comprising such an applicator
US7565714B2 (en) 2003-05-14 2009-07-28 L'ORéAL S.A. Applicator, and packaging and applicator device including applicator
US20050238409A2 (en) * 2003-05-14 2005-10-27 L'oreal S.A. Applicator, and packaging and applicator device including applicator
FR2854779A1 (en) * 2003-05-14 2004-11-19 Oreal And applicator packaging and applicator device comprising an applicator
US20050175786A1 (en) * 2004-01-23 2005-08-11 Singh Brij P. Surface treatment applicator/dispenser
US7004657B2 (en) * 2004-03-01 2006-02-28 Frazier Thomas G Single use applicator for applying viscous fluids
US20050191113A1 (en) * 2004-03-01 2005-09-01 Frazier Thomas G. Single use applicator for applying viscous fluids
US20070243008A1 (en) * 2006-04-18 2007-10-18 Vogt John A Device and process for cleaning fiber optic connector contacts
US20080056802A1 (en) * 2006-08-31 2008-03-06 Sossy Baghdoian Artist's painting brush and method for using same
US9018254B2 (en) 2007-06-25 2015-04-28 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc Cyanoacrylate tissue adhesives with desirable permeability and tensile strength
US8980947B2 (en) 2007-06-25 2015-03-17 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc Curing accelerator and method of making
US8729121B2 (en) 2007-06-25 2014-05-20 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc Curing accelerator and method of making
US20080319063A1 (en) * 2007-06-25 2008-12-25 Sheng Zhang Curing accelerator and method of making
US20110224723A1 (en) * 2007-11-14 2011-09-15 Jeoung Soo Lee Cyanoacrylate tissue adhesives
US8613952B2 (en) 2007-11-14 2013-12-24 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc Cyanoacrylate tissue adhesives
US9878041B2 (en) 2007-11-14 2018-01-30 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc Cyanoacrylate tissue adhesives
US8293838B2 (en) 2008-06-20 2012-10-23 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc Stable and sterile tissue adhesive composition with a controlled high viscosity
US8603451B2 (en) 2008-06-20 2013-12-10 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc Adhesive compositions for medical use: single additive as both the thickening agent and the accelerator
US8198344B2 (en) 2008-06-20 2012-06-12 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc Method of preparing adhesive compositions for medical use: single additive as both the thickening agent and the accelerator
US20090317353A1 (en) * 2008-06-20 2009-12-24 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc., Method of preparing adhesive compositions for medical use: single additive as both the thickening agent and the accelerator
US20090318583A1 (en) * 2008-06-20 2009-12-24 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc. Stable and sterile tissue adhesive composition with a controlled high viscosity
US9254133B2 (en) 2008-10-31 2016-02-09 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc Sterilized liquid compositions of cyanoacrylate monomer mixtures
US20100112036A1 (en) * 2008-10-31 2010-05-06 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc. Cyanoacrylate-based liquid microbial sealant drape
US8609128B2 (en) 2008-10-31 2013-12-17 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc Cyanoacrylate-based liquid microbial sealant drape
US8652510B2 (en) 2008-10-31 2014-02-18 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc Sterilized liquid compositions of cyanoacrylate monomer mixtures
US9309019B2 (en) 2010-05-21 2016-04-12 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc Low dose gamma sterilization of liquid adhesives
US8550737B2 (en) 2010-09-20 2013-10-08 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc Applicators for dispensing adhesive or sealant material
US9877709B2 (en) 2011-11-02 2018-01-30 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc Applicators for storing, sterilizing, and dispensing an adhesive
US9533326B2 (en) 2011-11-02 2017-01-03 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc Applicators for storing, sterilizing, and dispensing an adhesive
US9066711B2 (en) 2011-11-02 2015-06-30 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc Applicators for storing sterilizing, and dispensing an adhesive
US9421297B2 (en) 2014-04-02 2016-08-23 Adhezion Biomedical, Llc Sterilized compositions of cyanoacrylate monomers and naphthoquinone 2,3-oxides

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