US3390447A - Method of making laminar mesh - Google Patents

Method of making laminar mesh Download PDF

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Publication number
US3390447A
US3390447A US38243364A US3390447A US 3390447 A US3390447 A US 3390447A US 38243364 A US38243364 A US 38243364A US 3390447 A US3390447 A US 3390447A
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Prior art keywords
sheets
holes
apertures
another
solder
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Expired - Lifetime
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Norman B Mears
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Buckbee-Mears Co
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Buckbee-Mears Co
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01SRADIO DIRECTION-FINDING; RADIO NAVIGATION; DETERMINING DISTANCE OR VELOCITY BY USE OF RADIO WAVES; LOCATING OR PRESENCE-DETECTING BY USE OF THE REFLECTION OR RERADIATION OF RADIO WAVES; ANALOGOUS ARRANGEMENTS USING OTHER WAVES
    • G01S7/00Details of systems according to groups G01S13/00, G01S15/00, G01S17/00
    • G01S7/02Details of systems according to groups G01S13/00, G01S15/00, G01S17/00 of systems according to group G01S13/00
    • G01S7/04Display arrangements
    • G01S7/06Cathode-ray tube displays or other two-dimensional or three-dimensional displays
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11CSTATIC STORES
    • G11C11/00Digital stores characterised by the use of particular electric or magnetic storage elements; Storage elements therefor
    • G11C11/02Digital stores characterised by the use of particular electric or magnetic storage elements; Storage elements therefor using magnetic elements
    • G11C11/06Digital stores characterised by the use of particular electric or magnetic storage elements; Storage elements therefor using magnetic elements using single-aperture storage elements, e.g. ring core; using multi-aperture plates in which each individual aperture forms a storage element
    • G11C11/06085Multi-aperture structures or multi-magnetic closed circuits, each aperture storing a "bit", realised by rods, plates, grids, waffle-irons,(i.e. grooved plates) or similar devices
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49002Electrical device making
    • Y10T29/4902Electromagnet, transformer or inductor
    • Y10T29/49069Data storage inductor or core

Description

July 2, 1968 N. B. MEARS 3,390,447

METHOD OF MAKING LAMINAR MESH Original Filed July 9, 1963 ,|0 |2 0 0 0 h 0 r K (I8 '4 IIIIII VIIIIIAIYI.IYALI7I.IYI.IYAIVAI g s" STEP I max 0 '6 i O SHEET OF METALLIC MATERIAL o I vmu DESIRED HOLE PATTERN O C O 0 IIIIA YIIIIII.IVIIIYZIVAIYI.IYIIWI IIIIIIIII:.l-IIIIIIIIIIII/IIIIIIII/lflM'IIIIIIII 34 la 4 34 BY ATT NEYS United States Patent 3,390,447 METHGD @F MAKENG LAMINAR MESH Norman E. Meats, Ramsey County, Minn, assignor t0 Buckhee-Vlears Company, St. Paul, Minn, a corporation of Minnesota Griginal application July 9, 1963, Ser. No. 293,633, new Patent No. 3,174,337, dated Mar. 23, 1965. Divided and this application .lune 23, 1964, Ser. No. 382,433

2 (Claims. (Cl. 29-4723) This application is a division of co-pending application Ser. No. 293,633 filed July 9, 1963, now Patent 3,174,837.

This invention is directed toward improvements in the fabrication of a relatively flat web-like structure having a plurality of accurately defined apertures therethrough and the product formed by this improved fabrication process.

The product of this invention. finds a variety of uses. For example, it can serve as a holding fixture for use in the assembly of miniature magnetic core arrays, commonly used in high speed digital computers, or it may be used for what is commonly referred to as a light deflection mask for viewing Oscilloscopes, radar viewing screens and other instruments of a related nature. It is understood that these exemplary uses are only illustrative and not intended to be limitive. For use in the former case as a holding fixture for magnetic cores, the plate-like structure of this invention has an array of closely spaced cavities arranged in a predetermined pattern, each one of which must be formed to receive and hold a miniature magnetic core in a standing position. The configuration of the core is such that the cavities must be accurately defined in order to ensure that the core remains in a stable position during assembly which consists primarily of passing a plurality of wires through the apertures of the cores. Additionally, during the step of placing the magnetic cores in the respective cavities in their proper position, vacuum is applied through an aperture extending through the bottom of the holding fixture in each of the respective cavities. A more detailed description of this type of fixture can be found in co-pending application of Vacuum Fixture for Magnetic Cores, by John J. Frantzen, In, Ser. No. 147,513, filed Oct. 25, 1961, now Patent No. 3,214,273 and assigned to the same assignee of the instant application. A deflection mask fabricated according to the teachings of the instant invention may be a metallic mesh having in the order of 100 lines per inch, for example, and is placed over the face of a visual indicating instrument such as an oscilloscope or radar screen. The multitude of apertures or slits in the mask allow the substantially straight-line light to pass relatively unimpeded therethrough to permit the viewer, a clear View of the instrument while the fine lines defining the apertures exclude any angularly directed rays which may impede the view of the instrument. Both of the devices briefly described above must, therefore, have accurately defined apertures or cavities and in addition thereto must be structurally stable when used in their intended fashion. Because of the close spacings of the openings in the devices of this nature in the desired pattern array, it has been found that the most feasible methods of making the apertures or cavities or the like have been by photo-etching or electroforming techniques which are Well known in the art. However, it has been found that a structurally stable member, say for an example, a substantially flat metallic member in the order of .O30.05() inch thick, when formed by the etching or electroforming process, does not yield the straight sided apertures or slits required for a deflection mask or the accurately defined cavities for a magnetic core holding fixture due to undercutting in the former process or overplating in the latter process. In other words, it has been found that in the photo-etching "ice and electroforming techniques the accuracy of definition of indentations or apertures in the member being formed decreases as the thickness of said member increases.

It is, therefore, an object of this invention to provide a structurally stable, generally flat, plate-like member having accurately defined apertures or cavities formed therein,

It is a further object of this invention to achieve the foregoing object wherein the structure has a pattern of a multitude of closely spaced apertures.

Still a further object of the invention is to provide a device suitable for use as a light deflection mask through which an instrument may be clearly viewed.

These and other more detailed and specific objects and features will be shown in the course of the following detailed description, reference being had to the drawings in which:

FIG. 1 illustrates an embodiment of this invention fabricated in accordance with the novel process taught by this invention;

FIG. .2 pictorially illustrates the principal steps in the process of this invention;

FIG. 3 illustrates the top view of a portion of another embodiment of this invention fabricated according to the noval process as taught by this invention;

FIG. 4 is a sectional end view of a portion of the embodiment shown in FIG. 3.

Referring now to FIG. 1 there is shown what may be referred to as a light deflection mask for use as a screen over the face of instruments such as an oscilloscope or radarscope to confine the field of vision to a straight line from the viewers eyes to the instrument face. in order to set this invention in its proper perspective, it is worthwhile to point out that the mesh-like appearance of the deflection mask resulting from the circular holes or apertures passing therethrough in a typical case is formed by fine lines of metallic material, such as indicated at 10, having a mesh in the order of lines per inch. For clarity, only a small portion of the mesh-like structure is shown in detail in FlG. 1, it being understood that the same general pattern exists generally throughout the length and width of the mask. Furthermore, it should be understood that even though circular apertures are shown in FIG. 1 other configurations, such as rectangular slits or combinations of aperture configurations, are contemplated within the scope of this invention. From this it is obvious that the apertures must be accurately defined with prefectly straight side walls to insure full viewing capabilities therethrough. There is also shown in the illustration of FiG. 1 six indexing or registration holes indicated at 12 which serve as guides in properly aligning the multiple layers when stacked together to form the deflection mask. Additionally, there may be further included holes such as at 14 which are used for mounting the deflection mask to the particular instrument with which it is to be used and, as will be subsequently described in greater detail. or mounting in a holding fixture for assembly.

Referring now to FIG. 2 there is shown in Step 1 a cross-sectioned end view of one of the layers forming the laminar deflection mask. The dimensions of the apertures or holes, such as indicated at 16, may selectively range from one-quarter inch down to twelve microns and in the typical case of 100 lines per inch would be in the order of .008 inch. The thickness of the metallic sheet may selectively range from .0005 up to .010 inch, depending upon the desired hole size and required line definition. In a typical case this thickness would be in the order of .002 inch thick. The register hole 18 is formed at the same time as the other holes are formed and provides the means for accurately indexing each of the multiple layers to one another so that the respectively corresponding apertures are in alignment. The individual sheets with the apertures therethrough may be formed in any well-known manner which will produce the straight-sided apertures having the required close spacing relationship in the desired pattern. In general, these sheets would be formed either by electroforming or photo-etching processes. It should be pointed out at this juncture that the sheet of metallic material must be sufficiently thick to insure some stability so that the apertures remain dimensionally fixed with respect to the register hole. On the other hand, the sheet must not be so thick as to result in poorly defined apertures during the electroforming or etching process.

After the sheets have been fabricated, at least one surface of each is solder coated. This is indicated at 20 in Step 2, which shows seven sheets arranged in stacked relationship with a coating layer of solder between each of the facing surfaces of the layers. The coating layer of solder which is preferably plated onto the surface of the sheets of metallic material may be in the order of .00005 inch thick. In order to ensure uniform bonding of the layers to one another, a coating of flux is applied to the solder coating prior to stacking the sheets.

The third step in the process is illustrated in FIG. 2 by showing a portion of a holding and alignment fixture in which the sheets are mounted in their stacked relationship. For clarity the fixture is shown partially disassembled and only two layers of metallic material, 21 and 23, are shown inserted in the fixture with the fixture indexing pin 22, which is affixed to base plate member 24 passing through the respective registration holes in the two sheets. After the plurality of sheets have been stacked on one another with their respective registration holes mating with the corresponding indexing pins, the top plate member 26 is placed over the top layer of the stack and pressure is applied to the stack by the top plate member via the action of tightening the nut 28 on the threaded portion of bolt 30 which is also affixed to the bottom plate member 24. The entire assembly is then subjected to suflicient temperature to cause the solder to flow and then is allowed to cool to room temperature while maintaining the pressure to result in bonding the layers to one another. The top plate member 26 is then removed and the stack, which forms the deflection mask, can then be removed from the fixture. In a typical case fifteen layers of sheets, each of approximately .002 inch thickness, are bonded together to form a deflection mask having a thickness in the order of .030 inch.

The portion of a top view of a magnetic core nest fabricated according to the teachings of this invention is illustrated in FIG. 3. The plurality of cavities, such as indicated at 32, are illustrated as rectangular straightwalled cavities arranged in a symmetrical pattern for receiving and holding annular magnetic cores. This is used for facilitating assembly of a core matrix by stringing a Series of wires, therethrough, as described in the copending Frantzen application, supra. Located within each of the cavities is a further aperture extending through the fixture, as indicated at 34, through which a vacuum may be applied in order to seat each core in the respective cavities. The cavity may take other forms or shapes, for example as illustrated at 36 in FIG. 4 which shows a funnel-shaped cavity. For the purpose of placing this invention in its proper perspective, in a typical case the core sizes are of .030 inch inside diameter and .050 inch outside diameter and the center-to-center spacing of the cavities is in the order of .080 inch. Reference to the cross sectioned view of the nesting fixture for magnetic cores in FIG. 4 shows its laminated structure in detail. The apertures 34 through which the vacuum is applied are in the bottom layer and are centrally located with respect to the cavity in which the cores 38 are held. The next three layers, grouped at 40, are illustrated as having apertures of substantially identical dimensions while the top three layers, grouped at 42, have apertures of successively increasing dimensions. The funnel-shaped cavity 36 formed in this manner serves to facilitate placing of the cores in the respective cavities. The process for form ing the laminar structure is similar to that previously described with relation to the deflection mask. Each of the individual sheets comprising the respective layers of the laminar with their respective apertures, registration holes, and mounting holes are individually formed by the well-known photo-etching or electroforming process. The solder coating with the covering layer of flux is then applied to the respective surfaces and the sheets are placed in their desired stacked relationship in the holding fixture and subjected to the pressure and heat treatment to effeet the bonding between the layers. The resulting product forms a structurally stable nesting fixture having the accurately defined cavities and apertures therein in the desired pattern array.

Although this invention has been described in detail with respect to two particular embodiments, it is understood that no limitation thereto is intended. It is contemplated that other devices having a wide variety of sizes and shapes of apertures in a variety of pattern arrays can be fabricated within the teachings of this invention. Different embodiments of this invention can be made without departing from the spirit and scope thereof, it is to be understood that the invention is not to be limited except as defined by the claims.

What is claimed is:

1. The process of forming a relatively thick mesh having accurately defined apertures passing therethrough, comprising the steps of:

(a) forming a predetermined precision pattern of miniature holes in a plurality of individual thin flexible sheets of metallic material;

(b) applying a thin coating of solder material to at least one major surface of each of the sheets;

(0) stacking the sheets one on another with the solder material in a solid state between each of the facing surfaces;

(d) aligning the sheets so that all the corresponding holes are centered with respecto to one another, and

(e) applying pressure and heat to the stack suflicient to cause the solder coating to bond the stacked layers to one another without blocking any of the holes.

2. The process of forming a relatively thick mesh having accurately defined apertures passing therethrough, comprising the steps of:

(a) forming substantially identical patterns of holes having dimensions ranging from one-quarter inch to twelve microns in a plurality of individual sheets of metallic material of substantially identical thickness in the range of .0005 to .010 inch thick;

(b) applying a coating of solder material in the range of .00005 to .001 inch thick to at least one surface of each of the sheets, the selected thickness being determined by the thickness of the metal sheets;

(0) stacking the sheets with the layer of solder material in solid form between each of the facing surfaces in indexed relationship such that corresponding holes of the respective layers are centered with respect to one another, and

(d) bonding the layers together without blocking off any of the holes by applying the pressure and heat to change the solder material to the molten state and then cooling.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 506,285 10/1893 Vatcky 29-502 2,458,802 1/1949 Spencer 29-472.3 2,917,643 12/ 1959 Mihanowich 29-155.5 2,926,490 3/1960 Eaton et al 29-155.61 3,119,418 1/ 1964 Rayniak 29-472.3 3,174,837 7/1963 Mears 29-191 3,330,027 7/1967 Kernander et al. 29-501 X JOHN F. CAMPBELL, Primary Examiner.

L. J. WESTFALL, Assistant Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. THE PROCESS OF FORMING A RELATIVELY THICK MESH HAVING ACCURATELY DEFINED APERTURES PASSING THERETHROUGH COMPRISING THE STEPS OF: (A) FORMING A PREDETERMINED PRECISION PATTERN OF MIMIATURE HOLES IN A PLURALITY OF INDIVIDUAL THIN FLEXIBLE SHEETS OF METALLIC MATERIAL; (B) APPLYING A THIN COATING OF SOLDER MATERIAL TO AT LEAST ONE MAJOR SURFACE OF EACH OF THE SHEETS; (C) STACKING THE SHEETS ONE ON ANOTHER WITH THE SOLDER MATERIAL IN A SOLID STATE BETWEEN EACH OF THE FACING SURFACES; (D) ALIGNING THE SHEETS O THAT ALL THE CORRESPONDING HOLES ARE CENTERED WITH RESPECT RO ONE ANOTHER, AND (E) APPLYING PRESSURE AND HEAT TO THE STACK SUFFICIENT TO CAUSE THE SOLDER COATING TO BOND THE STACKED LAYERS TO ONE ANOTHER WITHOUT BLOCKING ANY OF THE HOLES.
US3390447A 1963-07-09 1964-06-23 Method of making laminar mesh Expired - Lifetime US3390447A (en)

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US3174837A US3174837A (en) 1963-07-09 1963-07-09 Laminar mesh
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Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3604783A (en) * 1969-06-30 1971-09-14 Dca Food Ind Microwave cavity viewers
US3999699A (en) * 1975-12-08 1976-12-28 John Chisholm Method of making high thermal conductivity porous metal
US4061263A (en) * 1976-09-22 1977-12-06 International Telephone And Telegraph Corporation Method of bonding a dielectric substrate to a metallic carrier in a printed circuit assembly
US4253737A (en) * 1979-02-12 1981-03-03 Sun-Flex Company Anti-Glare device for a computer terminal display tube
US4342314A (en) * 1979-03-05 1982-08-03 The Procter & Gamble Company Resilient plastic web exhibiting fiber-like properties
US4395215A (en) * 1981-02-02 1983-07-26 The Procter & Gamble Company Film forming structure for uniformly debossing and selectively aperturing a resilient plastic web and method for its construction
US4441952A (en) * 1981-02-02 1984-04-10 The Procter & Gamble Company Method and apparatus for uniformly debossing and aperturing a resilient plastic web
US4463045A (en) * 1981-03-02 1984-07-31 The Procter & Gamble Company Macroscopically expanded three-dimensional plastic web exhibiting non-glossy visible surface and cloth-like tactile impression
US4509908A (en) * 1981-02-02 1985-04-09 The Procter & Gamble Company Apparatus for uniformly debossing and aperturing a resilient plastic web
US4601868A (en) * 1982-04-21 1986-07-22 The Procter & Gamble Company Method of imparting a three-dimensional fiber-like appearance and tactile impression to a running ribbon of thermoplastic film
US4652791A (en) * 1985-04-30 1987-03-24 Zenith Electronics Corporation Color cathode ray tube and tensible shadow mask blank for use therein
US4747991A (en) * 1981-02-02 1988-05-31 The Procter & Gamble Company Method for debossing and selectively aperturing a resilient plastic web
US4756702A (en) * 1986-12-31 1988-07-12 Zenith Electronics Corporation Pretreatment process for flat tension mask
US4767962A (en) * 1986-07-02 1988-08-30 Zenith Electronics Corporation Color cathode ray tube and tensible shadow mask blank for use therein
US5038857A (en) * 1990-06-19 1991-08-13 Sundstrand Corporation Method of diffusion bonding and laminated heat exchanger formed thereby
US5348693A (en) * 1991-11-12 1994-09-20 Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Formation of three dimensional objects and assemblies
US5351867A (en) * 1993-05-28 1994-10-04 Vest Clyde L Arm steady brace
US5514105A (en) * 1992-01-03 1996-05-07 The Procter & Gamble Company Resilient plastic web exhibiting reduced skin contact area and enhanced fluid transfer properties
US5749614A (en) * 1995-12-04 1998-05-12 Motorola, Inc. Vacuum pickup tool for placing balls in a customized pattern
US20030171730A1 (en) * 2002-02-14 2003-09-11 Kelly William G. F. Three-dimensional apertured film
US6677054B1 (en) * 1999-06-30 2004-01-13 Hartmann & Laemmle Gmbh & Co. Kg Device for integrally joining a metal block that can be made up of plates
US20120163118A1 (en) * 2010-12-22 2012-06-28 Ekato Ruehr- Und Mischtechnik Gmbh Stirrer organ in composite construction

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US506285A (en) * 1893-10-10 Gael vatcky
US2458802A (en) * 1942-03-30 1949-01-11 Raytheon Mfg Co Magnetron assembly and method
US2917643A (en) * 1956-06-27 1959-12-15 Sperry Rand Corp Electrical machine element and method of making same
US2926490A (en) * 1957-03-19 1960-03-01 Thiokol Chemical Corp Laminated fluid-jacketed thrust chamber structure
US3119418A (en) * 1960-04-25 1964-01-28 Outboard Marine Corp Method of manufacturing chain saw bars and product
US3174837A (en) * 1963-07-09 1965-03-23 Norman B Mears Laminar mesh
US3330027A (en) * 1962-12-27 1967-07-11 Gen Electric Method for making a laminated shunt for electrical measuring instruments

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US506285A (en) * 1893-10-10 Gael vatcky
US2458802A (en) * 1942-03-30 1949-01-11 Raytheon Mfg Co Magnetron assembly and method
US2917643A (en) * 1956-06-27 1959-12-15 Sperry Rand Corp Electrical machine element and method of making same
US2926490A (en) * 1957-03-19 1960-03-01 Thiokol Chemical Corp Laminated fluid-jacketed thrust chamber structure
US3119418A (en) * 1960-04-25 1964-01-28 Outboard Marine Corp Method of manufacturing chain saw bars and product
US3330027A (en) * 1962-12-27 1967-07-11 Gen Electric Method for making a laminated shunt for electrical measuring instruments
US3174837A (en) * 1963-07-09 1965-03-23 Norman B Mears Laminar mesh

Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3604783A (en) * 1969-06-30 1971-09-14 Dca Food Ind Microwave cavity viewers
US3999699A (en) * 1975-12-08 1976-12-28 John Chisholm Method of making high thermal conductivity porous metal
US4061263A (en) * 1976-09-22 1977-12-06 International Telephone And Telegraph Corporation Method of bonding a dielectric substrate to a metallic carrier in a printed circuit assembly
US4253737A (en) * 1979-02-12 1981-03-03 Sun-Flex Company Anti-Glare device for a computer terminal display tube
US4342314A (en) * 1979-03-05 1982-08-03 The Procter & Gamble Company Resilient plastic web exhibiting fiber-like properties
US4441952A (en) * 1981-02-02 1984-04-10 The Procter & Gamble Company Method and apparatus for uniformly debossing and aperturing a resilient plastic web
US4395215A (en) * 1981-02-02 1983-07-26 The Procter & Gamble Company Film forming structure for uniformly debossing and selectively aperturing a resilient plastic web and method for its construction
US4747991A (en) * 1981-02-02 1988-05-31 The Procter & Gamble Company Method for debossing and selectively aperturing a resilient plastic web
US4509908A (en) * 1981-02-02 1985-04-09 The Procter & Gamble Company Apparatus for uniformly debossing and aperturing a resilient plastic web
US4463045A (en) * 1981-03-02 1984-07-31 The Procter & Gamble Company Macroscopically expanded three-dimensional plastic web exhibiting non-glossy visible surface and cloth-like tactile impression
US4601868A (en) * 1982-04-21 1986-07-22 The Procter & Gamble Company Method of imparting a three-dimensional fiber-like appearance and tactile impression to a running ribbon of thermoplastic film
US4652791A (en) * 1985-04-30 1987-03-24 Zenith Electronics Corporation Color cathode ray tube and tensible shadow mask blank for use therein
US4767962A (en) * 1986-07-02 1988-08-30 Zenith Electronics Corporation Color cathode ray tube and tensible shadow mask blank for use therein
US4756702A (en) * 1986-12-31 1988-07-12 Zenith Electronics Corporation Pretreatment process for flat tension mask
US5038857A (en) * 1990-06-19 1991-08-13 Sundstrand Corporation Method of diffusion bonding and laminated heat exchanger formed thereby
US5348693A (en) * 1991-11-12 1994-09-20 Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Formation of three dimensional objects and assemblies
US5514105A (en) * 1992-01-03 1996-05-07 The Procter & Gamble Company Resilient plastic web exhibiting reduced skin contact area and enhanced fluid transfer properties
US5351867A (en) * 1993-05-28 1994-10-04 Vest Clyde L Arm steady brace
US5749614A (en) * 1995-12-04 1998-05-12 Motorola, Inc. Vacuum pickup tool for placing balls in a customized pattern
US6677054B1 (en) * 1999-06-30 2004-01-13 Hartmann & Laemmle Gmbh & Co. Kg Device for integrally joining a metal block that can be made up of plates
US20030171730A1 (en) * 2002-02-14 2003-09-11 Kelly William G. F. Three-dimensional apertured film
US20120163118A1 (en) * 2010-12-22 2012-06-28 Ekato Ruehr- Und Mischtechnik Gmbh Stirrer organ in composite construction
US8985962B2 (en) * 2010-12-22 2015-03-24 SICcast Mineralguss GmbH & Co. KG Stirrer organ in composite construction
US9089934B2 (en) 2010-12-22 2015-07-28 SICcast Mineralguss GmbH & Co. KG Stirrer organ in composite construction

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