US3384216A - Resiliently mounted font wheel - Google Patents

Resiliently mounted font wheel Download PDF

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US3384216A
US3384216A US59920166A US3384216A US 3384216 A US3384216 A US 3384216A US 59920166 A US59920166 A US 59920166A US 3384216 A US3384216 A US 3384216A
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wheel
printing
font
shaft
resilient
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Louis C Thayer
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Friden Inc
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Friden Inc
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J1/00Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the mounting, arrangement, or disposition of the types or dies
    • B41J1/22Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the mounting, arrangement, or disposition of the types or dies with types or dies mounted on carriers rotatable for selection
    • B41J1/24Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the mounting, arrangement, or disposition of the types or dies with types or dies mounted on carriers rotatable for selection the plane of the type or die face being perpendicular to the axis of rotation
    • B41J1/28Carriers stationary for impression, e.g. with the types or dies not moving relative to the carriers
    • B41J1/30Carriers stationary for impression, e.g. with the types or dies not moving relative to the carriers with the types or dies moving relative to the carriers or mounted on flexible carriers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J7/00Type-selecting or type-actuating mechanisms
    • B41J7/36Selecting arrangements applied to type-carriers rotating during impression
    • B41J7/42Timed impression, e.g. without impact
    • B41J7/44Timed impression, e.g. without impact with impact
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S400/00Typewriting machines
    • Y10S400/901Continuously rotating type-head

Description

y 21, 1968 c. THAYER 3,384,216

RESILIENTLY MOUNTED FONT WHEEL Filed Dec. 5, 1966 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 LOUIS C.THAYER 1 46 /Z4 INVENTOR.

[- I I J KM $2M IE'I El a AGENT May 21, 1968 L. c. THA YER RESILIENTLY MOUNTED FONT WHEEL 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Dec. 5, 1966 FIEI E United States Patent 3,384,216 RESILIENTLY MOUNTED FONT WHEEL Louis C. Thayer, San Jose, Calif., assignor to Friden, Inc., a corporation of Delaware Filed Dec. 5, 1966, Ser. No. 599,201 7 Claims. (Cl. 197-48) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A printer having a platen, a continuously rotatable font wheel, and a print hammer mechanism wherein the font wheel mounting includes a resilient member for permitting the wheel to move laterally a short distance as a type on the periphery of the wheel is momentarily clamped into printing engagement with a sheet of paper or an inked ribbon by actuation of the print hammer.

Cross reference to other related applications The apparatus disclosed in this application is related to the apparatus disclosed in application Ser. No. 529,455 filed Feb. 23, 1966, by Leland P. Robinson and assigned to the same assignee as the present application.

Background, field of the invention This invention relates to printing devices and, in particular, to a printing device having a resiliently mounted font wheel rotated at high speed which is selectively engaged by a hammer mechanism for high-speed printing of characters on paper.

Background, prior art With the advent of electronic data processors and high speed electrical data signal generation and transmission as found, for example, in high-speed paper tape and magnetic tape handling systems, there has been a demand for devices which can transform electrical signals or codes into permanent meaningful human-readable form at very rapid rates. One known device which fulfills these objectives is a high-speed printer that incorporates a font wheel bearing a plurality of printing type at the distal ends of a plurality of spokes forming the wheel. In one form of such printer the font wheel is rotated intermittently from character to character. However, such intermittent operation consumes an unduly large amount of time in starting and stopping the font wheel. In another form of high-speed printer such as that described and claimed in the mentioned application Ser. No. 529,- 455, the font wheel is rotated continuously and the operating hammer is actuated at the proper time such that it exactly meets or impacts with the desired type-carrying spoke and forces the type into printing engagement with the paper. This latter form of printer is commonly referred to as an on-the-fiy printer. The force imposed on the type-carrying spoke must act very rapidly in order to get the type into printing contact with the paper and then away from the paper quickly enough that the movement of the type with the wheel does not cause an undue amount of smearing as it prints.

Summary of the invention of the plurality of types are forced into printing relation 6 3,384,216 Patented May 21, 1968 with a sheet of paper or inked ribbon by a high-speed hammer, one point of the outer periphery of the wheel is braked or clamped to the paper, thereby creating a new axis about which the whole wheel will tend to pivot and is permitted to do so for a short distance by a resilient mounting of the wheel. In this manner, the printing type in actual printing contact is relatively halted in its travel about the wheels normal axis of rotation for the period of time it is in contact with the paper or inked ribbon and thus smearing of the impression made by the type is substantially obviated. In addition, the forces generated aid in starting the wheel mounting structures movement to the next printing position.

Brief description of the figures FIG. 4 is an enlarged cross-section of the font wheel 7 of the present invention showing a preferred embodiment of the resilient mounting;

FIG. 5 illustrates the normal rotation of the font wheel of the present invention; and

FIG. 6 illustrates the principle of operation of the present invention.

In the figures, similar numerals refer to similar structural elements.

Description of a preferred embodiment In FIG. 1 there is shown partially cutaway a printer 10, minus a usual cover, which includes a stable frame 12 upon which a carriage assembly 14, having a font wheel 16 and print hammer assembly 18, is mounted for straight line movement across the face of a sheet of paper 20 and inked ribbon 21 held adjacent a platen member 22.

The frame 12 includes a base member 24 and spaced end plates 26 and 28 mounted in upstanding parallel relation to each other. A pair of spaced, parallel, carriage mounting rods or rails 30 and 32 are mounted horizontally between the end plates 26 and 28 near the forward portion of the printer. Platen member 22 extends parallel with the rails 30 and 32 and is rigidly attached to the end plates 26 and 28 rearwardly of the printer. There is thus formed a very rigid frame for mounting the other elements of the printer, as described hereinafter.

The carriage assembly 14 includes a pair of upstanding side plates 36 and 38. Each side plate has formed therein a pair of openings into which associated hearings or bushings 40 and 42 are secured, as best shown in FIG. 2. The bearings 40 associated with each of the side plates 36 and 38 are in axial alignment and in sliding surrounding engagement with the upper rail 32. Likewise, the two bearings 42 associated with each of the side plates 36 and 38 are in axial alignment with each other and in sliding surrounding engagement with lower rail 30. In this manner the carriage assembly is mounted for easy movement in a straight line path of travel between the end plates 26 and 28 and parallel with the platen member 22. Other well-known structures may be utilized to mount the carriage assembly for movement as described, as will occur to those skilled in the art to which'subject matter of this disclosure pertains.

A carriage assembly advancing means 43 for sequentially stepping the carriage assembly 14 from left to right during printing of a line and for rapidly moving the carriage assembly back to its leftmost position is shown as including a relatively flexible, substantially inextensible cable 44 which is trained about an idler pulley 46 and a driving capstan 48, and connected to opposite side plates 36 and 38. The capstan 48 is coupled to a source of mechanical power 50, which may be any well-known spring or electric motor-driven carriage advancing mechanism known in the art to which the present disclosure pertains. One example of such a carriage advancing mechanism is shown in US. Patent No. 2,056,364 of Petz. The details of such a carriage advancing mechanism are not shown in the present disclosure in order that the present invention may be more easily illustrated and understood.

The character font wheel 16, described in more detail below, is rotatably journalled in a mounting block 53 (FIGS. 1 and 3) secured to a pair of arms 54 which extend rearwardly from respective side plates 36 and 38 of the carriage assembly 14.

The font wheel 16, as illustrated best in FIGS. 4 and 5, comprises a radially inner central or hub portion 56 and a plurality of radially extending type-carrying spokes 58. As best shown in FIG. 4, a resilient coupling or mounting member 60 is secured, as by bonding, to one side of the hub portion of the font wheel and concentric therewith. A power shaft connecting block 62 is also secured, as by bonding, to the opposite side of the resilient mounting member and is provided with a central opening into which a power shaft 64 is inserted. The resilient member 60 may be, for example, rubber. The power shaft is journalled in a bearing 65 (shown in FIG. 3) secured to the mounting block 53 and is connected to any suitable source of rotative power, such as a constant speed electric motor 67 and suitable gearing 69.

The distal or radially outer end of each spoke 58 is formed with, or has secured thereto, a character type 68 facing generally toward the platen; each spoke has a different character type wherein a set or font of character types is formed which may be numeric symbols, or the alphabet plus numeric symbols, and other special symbols, such as punctuation marks, etc., as required.

The spokes 58 are formed or so constructed so as to be flexible in the direction transverse to the plane of the wheel in order that they may be deflected from their normal position and driven into printing contact with the inked ribbon 21 or paper 20. The spokes are also constructed so as to be relatively rigid or stiff in the direction parallel to the plane of the wheel. In other words, the spokes are resistant to bending in the tangential direction but are resiliently flexible in the axial direction.

It is to be noted that the topmost spoke, designated in FIGS. and 6 as 58', is directly adjacent the portion of the inked ribbon 21 and paper 20 that is held in contact with the platen member 22. This position of any one of the spokes is the operative printing position.

In order to detect which spoke 58, and accordingly which character type 68 is in operative printing position as the wheel 16 rotates, a character decoding disc 66 (FIGS 1 and 3) is attached to the shaft 64. The decoding disc may be part of a magnetic or photoelectric decoding subsystem well-known in the art to which the present disclosure pertains, for detecting or indicating that a particular character type is in operative printing position.

The print hammer assembly 18 includes a hammer member 70 pivotally mounted in the carriage assembly 14, for movement in a plane normal to the plane of the character wheel 16. As best shown in FIG. 3,"the hammer member includes an upper arm 72 and a lower arm 74. The outer end of the upper arm is provided with a hammerhead 76 which is positioned just rearwardly of the printing position of the type 58. A hammer actuating solenoid 78 is mounted in the carriage assembly 14 at a position just rearwardly of the lower arm 74. The hammer member 70 is biased in the counter-clockwise direction, as viewed in FIG. 3, by a spring 80 so that normally the hammerhead 76 is held out of contact with the Wheel 16 and the lower arm 74 is spaced from the solenoid. Upon application of an electrical signal to leads 82 and 84 associated with the solenoid, the hammerhead 76 is caused to rapidly pivot in the clockwise direction and engage the upper or distal end of the upright type-carrying spoke 58.

As the hammerhead 76 pivots from its normal unenergized position (as shown in FIG. 3) to its energized or printing position, it engages the backside of the distal end of the upright axially resilient spoke 58. The spoke flexes and its associated type 68 is forced into firm printing engagement with the inked ribbon 21 and aper 20; such action has the effect of clamping the rapidly moving flexed spoke 58 to the inked ribbon 21 and paper 20.

The eifectof this clamping action is graphically illustrated in FIG. 6 with some exaggeration to more easily show the effect. In this figure the direction arrow 86 indicates the direction of rotation of the front wheel 16 about the axis of shaft 64 due to the rotative power from shaft 64. As the type 68 associated with spoke 58' clamps to the inked ribbon 21 and the paper 20, movement of the upper or outer end of the upright spoke 58 is braked or arrested and the entire disc pivots to the right about an imaginary axis indicated by cross 88 in FIG. 6. This pivoting is illustrated in FIG, 6 wherein there is shown in dashed lines the normal position of the hub portion 56 of the font wheel 16 and in solid lines the pivoted position of the entire font wheel 16 with respect to the power shaft 64. This pivoting action is accommodated by the flexible resilient mounting member 60. Of course, as the font wheel 16 pivots toward the right, it compresses the resilient mounting member and will impose a rightwardly directed force on shaft 64, which force is transmitted through the shaft mounting block 53 to the entire carriage assembly 14. There is thus imposed on the carriage assembly 14 a force which can substantially aid the beginning movement of the assembly to the right for positioning it at the next printing location for printing of the next character. The carriage advancing mechanism 50 is suitably in synchronism with actuation of the hammer member and will accordingly furnish the necessary force to fully move the carriage assembly 14 to the next rightward printing position. The force imposed on the carriage 14 by the clamping of the font wheel aids substantially in taking up any slack in cable 44 and gears that may be part of the carriage advancing mechanism 50, thus substantially aiding the initial movement (acceleration) of the carriage to its next succeeding printing position.

The theory of operation in the pivoting of the font wheel 16, as described above, at the time of clamping of the upper end of the character spoke 58 is best described as fol-lows:

With narrow spaces between adjacent spokes 58, the font wheel 16 may be considered to be a thin flat disc. The moment of inertia I of the wheel about the axis of shaft 64 can be expressed approximately as,

I /2mr (1) where m is the mass of the wheel 16 and r is the radius of the wheel.

The moment of inertia of the wheel about clamping point 88 can be expressed approximately as,

ss= e4+ Where I is the moment of inertia as set forth in Equation l above, m is the mass of the wheel, and s is the distance from clamping point 88 to the center of gravity of the wheel. The distance from clamping point 88 to the center of the wheel (which can be shown to be the center of gravity of the wheel) is substantially equal to the radius r of the wheel; hence, Equation 2 can be set forth as,

aa= e4+ /2 mr -l-mr rm (3) The angular momentum P of the continuously rotating font wheel 16 about the axis of shaft 64 can be expressed as,

From Equations 4 and 5 there is thus established the following identity,

From Equation 6 it can be seen that the font wheel will pivot about clamping point 88 with a speed w which can be expressed as,

or, by substituting Equation 3 into Equation 7 the following identity holds true,

P 88 aa aa Thus, it can be understood that the font wheel 16 will pivot about clamping point 88 with an angular speed onethird as great as the speed of rotation of the unolamped wheel about shaft 64.

Pivoting of the font wheel 16 about clamping point 88 will impose a rightwardly directed force F on the resilient mounting member 60 which can be expressed as,

where m is,the mass of the font wheel 16, r is the radius of the wheel, @1 is the angular speed of the wheel about shaft 64 prior to the clamping action, and z is the time period of the clamping action.

This force F compresses the resilient member 60. As mount 60 is compressed, the force F is transferred to the shaft 64 which then tends to move the carriage assembly 14 toward the right, as described previously. Upon unclamping of the spoke 58 when the hammerhead 76 rebounds from the character type, the font wheel is once again free to be rotated about the axis of shaft 64 and the resilient mount 60 restores the wheel back to its concentric position with the shaft 64.

It should be understood that resilient mounting of the font wheel 16 may be accommodated in any suitable manner besides that shown in the figures. For example, block 53 may be made of resilient rubber and the bonded member 69 may be eliminated. The wheel 16 will react in the same manner as described if the shaft 64 is also able to flex laterally. In addition it can be understood that the cable 44 could be made of resilient material, like rubber, to also accommodate the force tending to move the wheel 16 to the right at the time of printing engagement of type 68 with the inked ribbon or paper.

There has thus been described a high-speed printer having a font wheel which is mounted in a manner that takes advantage of the angular momentum of the rotating font wheel so as to substantially eliminate smearing of the printed character and to aid in rapid advancing to the next character printing position.

While the principles of the invention have been made clear in the illustrative embodiments, there will be obvious to those skilled in the art many modifications in structure, arrangement, proportions, the elements, materials, and components, used in the practice of the invention, and otherwise, which are adapted for specific environments and operating requirements, without departing from these principles. The appended claims are, therefore, intended to cover and embrace any such modifications within the limits only of the true spirit and scope of the invention.

What is claimed is:

1. In a printing apparatus, the combination comprising:

a continuously rotatable font Wheel having a radially outer portion traveling in a substantially circular path of travel;

means for applying a braking force to said wheel at a sole point on said circular path of travel; and

means for normally maintaining said wheel rotatable about an axis, said maintaining means being resiliently yieldable to permit said wheel to pivot about said point in response to the application of a braking force at said point.

2. In an apparatus according to claim 1 wherein said maintaining means includes,

a shaft mounted for rotation about said axis and having an end, and

resilient means secured between said wheel and said end of said shaft.

3. In an apparatus according to claim 1 wherein said wheel includes a hub portion, and wherein said maintaining means includes a shaft having an end mounted for rotation about said axis, and a resilient member disposed between and secured to said end of said shaft and said hub portion of said font wheel.

4. An apparatus for printing on a surface of a sheet of paper comprising;

a rotatably mounted font Wheel having at least one printing type disposed thereon for movement normally in a circular path of travel about a first axis as said wheel rotates;

means for normally continuously rotating said wheel about said first aXis with a predetermined angular momentum;

means for selectively effecting printing contact between the surface of the paper and said type wherein said printing contact exerts a braking force on said wheel at a sole location substantially on said circular path of travel and substantially coincident with said type; said braking force and said angular momentum reacting with each other to impose a force on said wheel tending to pivot said wheel about a second axis, said second axis being substantially parallel to said first axis and substantially normal to said path of travel at said location;

means for accommodating pivoting movement of said wheel a predetermined amount about said second axis in response to the reaction of said braking force and said angular momentum, said pivoting movement substantially reducing the speed of said location of said wheel with respect to said paper.

5. A printing apparatus according to claim 4 wherein said wheel includes a plurality of printing types, and a plurality of radially extending spokes each of which have an outer end; respective ones of said printing types being associated with and disposed on respective ones of said spoke ends;

said spokes being flexible in the direction parallel to said first and second axis and being substantially rigid with respect to each other in the circumferential direction about said first axis.

6. An apparatus according to claim 4 wherein said wheel includes a hub portion, and wherein said means for accommodating pivoting of said wheel comprises a resilient member secured to said hub portion, and a driving shaft secured to said resilient member.

7. An apparatus according to claim 6 wherein said resilient member is comprised of rubber.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 8 3,169,474 2/1965 Howard 10l1l0 3,269,510 8/1966 Peters 197-48 X 3,289,805 12/1966 Kleinschmidt et al. 197-18 3,310,147 3/1967 Clary et al. 19755 OTHER REFERENCES Clerk 19753 X IBM Technical Disclosure Bulletin, vol. 3, N0. 6, N0- Highley 1975 vember 1960, by N. Rogers, Flexible Print Stick. gigggL- 13;:3; ROBERT E. PULFREY, Primary Examiner.

Bernard et al. 197-55 10 E. S. BURR, Examiner.

US59920166 1966-12-05 1966-12-05 Resiliently mounted font wheel Expired - Lifetime US3384216A (en)

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US59920166 US3384216A (en) 1966-12-05 1966-12-05 Resiliently mounted font wheel
GB3667767A GB1175436A (en) 1966-12-05 1967-08-10 Printing Apparatus having a Resiliently Mounted Font Wheel
NL6715105A NL6715105A (en) 1966-12-05 1967-11-07
DE1967F0054321 DE1549731A1 (en) 1966-12-05 1967-12-15 High-speed printing device type wheel

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Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3566782A (en) * 1968-08-21 1971-03-02 Singer Co Address synchronizer
US3643774A (en) * 1969-11-12 1972-02-22 Burroughs Corp Printing mechanism with resiliently backed printing element
US3773161A (en) * 1970-03-12 1973-11-20 Honeywell Inf Systems High speed serial printer with plural hammers
US3834507A (en) * 1973-01-30 1974-09-10 Kroy Ind Inc Printing apparatus
USB284297I5 (en) * 1972-08-28 1975-01-28
US3884340A (en) * 1973-10-10 1975-05-20 Pitney Bowes Inc Type disc and method of making same
US3915086A (en) * 1973-11-30 1975-10-28 Bell & Howell Co Printing apparatus
US4063630A (en) * 1976-06-25 1977-12-20 International Business Machines Corporation Typewriter impact position adjustment mechanism
US4128346A (en) * 1977-05-11 1978-12-05 Periphonics Corporation Daisy type print wheel apparatus
US4268177A (en) * 1978-11-01 1981-05-19 Plessey Peripheral Systems Paper thickness adjusting mechanism for impact printer
JPS5624305B1 (en) * 1969-05-23 1981-06-05
US4297043A (en) * 1978-11-01 1981-10-27 Plessey Peripheral Systems Impact printer inclined ribbon scanner
JPS56142086A (en) * 1980-04-08 1981-11-06 Ricoh Co Ltd Carriage device for printer using print wheel
US4557192A (en) * 1981-05-26 1985-12-10 International Business Machines Corporation Self restoring pivoting means and print hammer using same
US4747708A (en) * 1985-05-29 1988-05-31 Ing. C. Olivetti & C., S.P.A. Selector device for a character-carrying element on printing machine
US4810114A (en) * 1980-04-18 1989-03-07 Xerox Corporation Print wheel with self-contained means for print wheel alignment
US4945828A (en) * 1987-01-12 1990-08-07 International Business Machines Corporation Pulley for driving a high performance printer
US5290114A (en) * 1992-02-14 1994-03-01 Sony Corporation Ink ribbon unit and ink ribbon cassette
US5447382A (en) * 1993-05-20 1995-09-05 Sony Corporation Apparatus and method for printing
US5531527A (en) * 1993-05-14 1996-07-02 Sony Corporation Apparatus and method for video printing
US6394672B1 (en) 2000-07-14 2002-05-28 Lexmark International, Inc Imaging apparatus having a biased platen

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES282292Y (en) * 1984-10-26 1986-10-01 Amper, S.A. Reader-enroller of magnetic characters

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US438430A (en) * 1890-10-14 Machine
US1189449A (en) * 1915-12-31 1916-07-04 Omar Millard Highley Type-writer.
US2236663A (en) * 1936-02-18 1941-04-01 Western Electric Co Type wheel teletypewriter
US2365913A (en) * 1939-11-30 1944-12-26 Stenfors Tor Typewriter provided with type wheel or type roller
US3168182A (en) * 1963-03-21 1965-02-02 David W Bernard Type wheel shifting and impacting means in high speed printers
US3169474A (en) * 1963-06-04 1965-02-16 Mite Corp Type cylinder
US3269510A (en) * 1964-04-17 1966-08-30 Electronic Associates Symbol printer with means to print in two directions
US3289805A (en) * 1964-11-27 1966-12-06 Scm Corp Typewriter having typelevers mounted on a rotating member
US3310147A (en) * 1965-07-12 1967-03-21 Clary Corp Wheel striking data printer

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US438430A (en) * 1890-10-14 Machine
US1189449A (en) * 1915-12-31 1916-07-04 Omar Millard Highley Type-writer.
US2236663A (en) * 1936-02-18 1941-04-01 Western Electric Co Type wheel teletypewriter
US2365913A (en) * 1939-11-30 1944-12-26 Stenfors Tor Typewriter provided with type wheel or type roller
US3168182A (en) * 1963-03-21 1965-02-02 David W Bernard Type wheel shifting and impacting means in high speed printers
US3169474A (en) * 1963-06-04 1965-02-16 Mite Corp Type cylinder
US3269510A (en) * 1964-04-17 1966-08-30 Electronic Associates Symbol printer with means to print in two directions
US3289805A (en) * 1964-11-27 1966-12-06 Scm Corp Typewriter having typelevers mounted on a rotating member
US3310147A (en) * 1965-07-12 1967-03-21 Clary Corp Wheel striking data printer

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3566782A (en) * 1968-08-21 1971-03-02 Singer Co Address synchronizer
JPS5624305B1 (en) * 1969-05-23 1981-06-05
US3643774A (en) * 1969-11-12 1972-02-22 Burroughs Corp Printing mechanism with resiliently backed printing element
US3773161A (en) * 1970-03-12 1973-11-20 Honeywell Inf Systems High speed serial printer with plural hammers
USB284297I5 (en) * 1972-08-28 1975-01-28
US3913722A (en) * 1972-08-28 1975-10-21 Ibm Drum printer
US3834507A (en) * 1973-01-30 1974-09-10 Kroy Ind Inc Printing apparatus
US3884340A (en) * 1973-10-10 1975-05-20 Pitney Bowes Inc Type disc and method of making same
US3915086A (en) * 1973-11-30 1975-10-28 Bell & Howell Co Printing apparatus
US4063630A (en) * 1976-06-25 1977-12-20 International Business Machines Corporation Typewriter impact position adjustment mechanism
US4128346A (en) * 1977-05-11 1978-12-05 Periphonics Corporation Daisy type print wheel apparatus
US4268177A (en) * 1978-11-01 1981-05-19 Plessey Peripheral Systems Paper thickness adjusting mechanism for impact printer
US4297043A (en) * 1978-11-01 1981-10-27 Plessey Peripheral Systems Impact printer inclined ribbon scanner
JPS56142086A (en) * 1980-04-08 1981-11-06 Ricoh Co Ltd Carriage device for printer using print wheel
JPS6128515B2 (en) * 1980-04-08 1986-06-30 Ricoh Kk
US4810114A (en) * 1980-04-18 1989-03-07 Xerox Corporation Print wheel with self-contained means for print wheel alignment
US4557192A (en) * 1981-05-26 1985-12-10 International Business Machines Corporation Self restoring pivoting means and print hammer using same
US4747708A (en) * 1985-05-29 1988-05-31 Ing. C. Olivetti & C., S.P.A. Selector device for a character-carrying element on printing machine
US4945828A (en) * 1987-01-12 1990-08-07 International Business Machines Corporation Pulley for driving a high performance printer
US5290114A (en) * 1992-02-14 1994-03-01 Sony Corporation Ink ribbon unit and ink ribbon cassette
US5531527A (en) * 1993-05-14 1996-07-02 Sony Corporation Apparatus and method for video printing
US5447382A (en) * 1993-05-20 1995-09-05 Sony Corporation Apparatus and method for printing
US6394672B1 (en) 2000-07-14 2002-05-28 Lexmark International, Inc Imaging apparatus having a biased platen

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GB1175436A (en) 1969-12-23
NL6715105A (en) 1968-06-06

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