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Nonwoven fabrics and the method of manufacture thereof

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Publication number
US3377232A
US3377232A US39502064A US3377232A US 3377232 A US3377232 A US 3377232A US 39502064 A US39502064 A US 39502064A US 3377232 A US3377232 A US 3377232A
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
web
fibres
flock
fabric
potentially
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Meacock Graham Walter
Paterson William Gilchrist
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British Nylon Spinners Ltd
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British Nylon Spinners Ltd
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04HMAKING TEXTILE FABRICS, e.g. FROM FIBRES OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL; FABRICS MADE BY SUCH PROCESSES OR APPARATUS, e.g. FELTS, NON-WOVEN FABRICS; COTTON-WOOL; WADDING NON-WOVEN FABRICS FROM STAPLE FIBRES, FILAMENTS OR YARNS, BONDED WITH AT LEAST ONE WEB-LIKE MATERIAL DURING THEIR CONSOLIDATION
    • D04H1/00Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres
    • D04H1/04Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres having existing or potential cohesive properties, e.g. natural fibres, prestretched or fibrillated artificial fibres
    • D04H1/06Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres having existing or potential cohesive properties, e.g. natural fibres, prestretched or fibrillated artificial fibres by treatment to produce shrinking, swelling, crimping or curling of fibres
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04HMAKING TEXTILE FABRICS, e.g. FROM FIBRES OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL; FABRICS MADE BY SUCH PROCESSES OR APPARATUS, e.g. FELTS, NON-WOVEN FABRICS; COTTON-WOOL; WADDING NON-WOVEN FABRICS FROM STAPLE FIBRES, FILAMENTS OR YARNS, BONDED WITH AT LEAST ONE WEB-LIKE MATERIAL DURING THEIR CONSOLIDATION
    • D04H1/00Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres
    • D04H1/40Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties
    • D04H1/42Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties characterised by the use of certain kinds of fibres insofar as this use has no preponderant influence on the consolidation of the fleece
    • D04H1/4326Condensation or reaction polymers
    • D04H1/4334Polyamides
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04HMAKING TEXTILE FABRICS, e.g. FROM FIBRES OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL; FABRICS MADE BY SUCH PROCESSES OR APPARATUS, e.g. FELTS, NON-WOVEN FABRICS; COTTON-WOOL; WADDING NON-WOVEN FABRICS FROM STAPLE FIBRES, FILAMENTS OR YARNS, BONDED WITH AT LEAST ONE WEB-LIKE MATERIAL DURING THEIR CONSOLIDATION
    • D04H1/00Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres
    • D04H1/40Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties
    • D04H1/54Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties by welding together the fibres, e.g. by partially melting or dissolving
    • D04H1/542Adhesive fibres
    • D04H1/549Polyamides
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/23907Pile or nap type surface or component
    • Y10T428/23943Flock surface
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/26Web or sheet containing structurally defined element or component, the element or component having a specified physical dimension
    • Y10T428/268Monolayer with structurally defined element
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/29Coated or structually defined flake, particle, cell, strand, strand portion, rod, filament, macroscopic fiber or mass thereof
    • Y10T428/2904Staple length fiber
    • Y10T428/2909Nonlinear [e.g., crimped, coiled, etc.]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T442/00Fabric [woven, knitted, or nonwoven textile or cloth, etc.]
    • Y10T442/60Nonwoven fabric [i.e., nonwoven strand or fiber material]
    • Y10T442/608Including strand or fiber material which is of specific structural definition
    • Y10T442/627Strand or fiber material is specified as non-linear [e.g., crimped, coiled, etc.]
    • Y10T442/635Synthetic polymeric strand or fiber material

Description

United States Patent ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A nonwoven fabric is made by forming an open, nonwoven web of staple fibres or continuous filaments, electrostatically projecting potentially crimpable flock fibres into the web and developing the crimp in the flock fibres to entangle them with the web fibres. Either the flock fibres or web fibres or both may be heterofilaments having a potentially adhesive component which is bonded to the neighboring fibres at the cross-over points.

DISCLOSURE This invention relates to nonwoven fabrics and, in particular, to nonwoven fabrics comprising an open web the fibres in which are bonded together by short length textile fibres, the fibres being projected into the web by the action of an electrostatic field.

Many processes for binding the fibres in a web together to yield a non-woven fabric having a degree of strength are known to the art. Thus fibres in webs may be bonded together by applying an adhesive to the whole or selected parts of the web, by needle punching or, where the web contain potentially adhesive fibres, by causing the potentially adhesive fibres to become tacky and bond themselves to other fibres in the web at points of contact.

We have now found that particularly attractive and novel fabrics can be obtained by electrostatically projecting short length staple fibres, generally known as flock, into an open web of fibres and then causing the flock fibres to crimp and bond the web together.

According to one aspect of the present invention therefore there is provided a nonwoven fabric comprising a web the fibres in which are bonded together by crimped flock, the fibres of the flock having an uncrimped length no greater than 4 inch.

The most desirable results from the standpoint of tensile strength in the resulting fabric are obtained when the fibres of the flock have a crimp frequency not less than 20 crimps per inch.

In the specification the term bonded includes bonding by fibre entanglement, bonding by fusion and bonding by chemical adhesion brought about by rendering one component of the fabric tacky by the addition of some substance, e.g., a solvent, which can subsequently be removed to cause that compenent to revert to the nontacky state, but does not include bonding which is the result of the deliberate addition of an adhesive to the web.

The fabrics of this invention can be manufactured by projecting flock, com-prising potentially crimpable fibres, which may contain a potentially adhesive component into an open fibrous web, by the action of electrostatic forces. The web may be composed of staple length fibres or of continuous filament components and may also contain a significant proportion of a potentially adhesive component. The fibres in the web are then bonded together by causing the flock to crimp and thus become entangled with the web fibres to give a nonwoven fabric of some strength. The fabric may be further strengthened by causing the po- 3,377,232 Patented Apr. 9, 1968 tentially adhesive component of the flock to become tacky and bond the fibres in the web and flock together at their crossover points.

The flock employed may be composed of heterofilament fibres in which one component of the heterofilament is potentialy adhesive, in which case particularly good bonding of the flock onto the web is obtained.

The web may also be composed of heterofilaments, in staple fibre form if required, in which one component is potentially adhesive.

Suitable heterofilaments for flock or web fibres may be in the form where the components exist in a side-by-side or sheath and core relationship, in the latter instance of course the potentially adhesive component will be the sheath components.

Accordingly, from another aspect the present invention provides a process for the manufacture of fabrics wherein flock composed of potentially crimpable fibres is projected into fibrous web by the action of electrostatic forces and the structure obtained treated to cause the flock fibres to crimp and thereby bond together fibres inthe fibrous web, by entanglement of the fibres of the flock with fibres of the web.

When the flock fibres contain a potentially adhesive component, it may be rendered tacky, thereby further strengthening the fabric, in the same treatment by which the flock fibres are crimped or in a subsequent treatment.

In order to improve the penetration of the flock into the web, the flock may be forced further into the web by mechanical means, for-example, by rolling, preferably whilst still subject to the action of the electrostatic forces. Any of the flock fibres which have not penetrated sufficiently into the web may then be removed by a vacuum extractor before the fabric is further treated.

To give added strength to the fabric, flock may be projected into both faces of the web before treating the fabric to crimp the fibres in the flock.

The invention will now be more fully described, in the following examples, which examples are by way of illustration only and are in no way intended to be limitative.

EXAMPLE 1 A carded open web of 1% inch staple fibres of polyhexamethylene adipamide having a weight of 4 ounces per square yard is laid on the earthed working top of a conventional flocking unit and below a flock container, comprising a sieve and a brush, which is charged by a high tension source at 110 kv. The unit is also provided with a roller and vacuum extractor. Flock for this experiment consists of 3 mm. staple fibres cut from heterofilaments composed of 66 nylon and 66/6 (/20) nylon copolymer components existing in a side-by-side relationship.

The flock, is fed to the sieve, distributed uniformly by the brushes, allowed to fall into the electric field maintained between the charged container and the earthed working top, and projected into the staple fibre web. The web is then rolled using an insulated roller whilst under the influence of the electric field, to press the fibres further into the web. Flock which has not penetrated into the web is removed by the vacuum extractor. Examination of the web at this stage shows that the flock fibres in the web are oriented within the web in a direction substantially perpendicular to the plane of the web.

The web is immersed in boiling water for 3 minutes to cause the flock fibres to crimp and entangle themselves into the web. The crimped flock possesses a crimp frequency of approximately 25 per inch. At this stage the fabric has some strength owing to the mechanical bonding effect of the crimped flock in the web, but on handling tends to shed flock. To bond the flock firmly in the web,

EXAMPLE 2 The process of Example 1 was repeated to give fabrics containing various percentages of flock. The percentage fiock in the fabric and'the tenacity of the fabric are given in Table 1.

TABLE 1 Denier of Fabric Tenacity of Fabric, g./d.

Percentage Flock in Fabric:

Fabrics containing more than about 45% of flock tend to have a harsh handle and relatively poor drape.

The heterofilament flock may be crimped by means other than immersion in boiling water, thus it may be subjected to a steam treatment, or dry heated, or to a chemical treatment. If superheated steam is used and the potentially adhesive component of the heterofilament has a sufficiently low melting, then the crimping and bonding steps can be carried out simultaneously.

Variations in the handle and surface effect of flocked web and can be obtained by applying other processes, e.g. needle punching to the flocked web before the bonding operation. v

The invention is not limited to the use of webs or flock based only on polyamides; any suitable materials may be employed provided that effective bonding between the flock and the web can be attained, i.e. the potentially adhesive component where employed should be compatible with the other components of the fabric.

What we claim is:

1'. A nonwoven fabric in the form of an open, nonwoven, fibrous web having crimped flock fibres embedded within the body of the fibrous web, said flock fibres having an uncrimped length no greater than inch and being substantially shorter than the web fibrescomposingsaid Web, said flock fibres being entangled with the web fibres by virtue of the crimp in said flock fibres, said crimped flock fibres extending generally at right angles to the plane of said web and being substantially completely embedded in said Web, thereby bonding the web fibres in place and imparting strength to said fabric.

2. A nonwoven fabric as in claim 1 wherein the web fibres are heterofilaments having at least one potentially adhesive component bonded to the flock fibres at the cross-over points between fibres.

3. A process for enhancing the strength of nonwoven fabrics comprising: substantially completelyembedding potentially crirnpable fiock fibres into a preformed, nonwoven web by projecting the flock-fibres into said web by the action of electrostatic forces and subsequently entangling the flock fibres with the web fibres by developing crimp in the flock fibres, thereby bonding the Web fibres in the nonwoven fabric and enhancing the strength of the nonwoven fabric.

4. A process as in claim 3 wherein the flock fibres are projected into the web in a direction generally perpendicular to the plane of the web.

5. A process as in claim 3 wherein the web, with the flock fibres embedded therein, is mechanically compacted prior to developing the crimp in said flock fibres.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 6/1962 Breen l6ll77 4/1967 Perri l56279

US3377232A 1963-09-24 1964-09-08 Nonwoven fabrics and the method of manufacture thereof Expired - Lifetime US3377232A (en)

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GB3744163A GB1034207A (en) 1963-09-24 1963-09-24 Improvements in or relating to nonwoven fabrics and the method of manufacture thereof

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US3377232A true US3377232A (en) 1968-04-09

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BE (1) BE653203A (en)
DE (1) DE1560662C3 (en)
GB (1) GB1034207A (en)
LU (1) LU46984A1 (en)
NL (1) NL146232B (en)

Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4187343A (en) * 1975-10-08 1980-02-05 Toyobo Co., Ltd. Process for producing non-woven fabric
US5336552A (en) * 1992-08-26 1994-08-09 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Nonwoven fabric made with multicomponent polymeric strands including a blend of polyolefin and ethylene alkyl acrylate copolymer
US5382400A (en) * 1992-08-21 1995-01-17 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Nonwoven multicomponent polymeric fabric and method for making same
US5405682A (en) * 1992-08-26 1995-04-11 Kimberly Clark Corporation Nonwoven fabric made with multicomponent polymeric strands including a blend of polyolefin and elastomeric thermoplastic material
US5643662A (en) * 1992-11-12 1997-07-01 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Hydrophilic, multicomponent polymeric strands and nonwoven fabrics made therewith
US20020009571A1 (en) * 2000-07-24 2002-01-24 Abrams Louis Brown Flocked transfer and article of manufacture including the application of the transfer by thermoplastic polymer film
US6500538B1 (en) 1992-12-28 2002-12-31 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Polymeric strands including a propylene polymer composition and nonwoven fabric and articles made therewith
US20030098529A1 (en) * 2000-07-21 2003-05-29 Robert Drumm Nanoscale corundum powders, sintered compacts produced from these powders and method for producing the same
US20030186019A1 (en) * 2000-07-24 2003-10-02 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked transfer and article of manufacture including the application of the transfer by thermoplastic polymer film
US20030207072A1 (en) * 2000-07-24 2003-11-06 Abrams Louis Brown Co-molded direct flock and flock transfer and methods of making same
US20040053001A1 (en) * 2002-07-03 2004-03-18 Abrams Louis Brown Process for printing and molding a flocked article
US20040077247A1 (en) * 2002-10-22 2004-04-22 Schmidt Richard J. Lofty spunbond nonwoven laminate
US20040081791A1 (en) * 2002-07-03 2004-04-29 Abrams Louis Brown Flocked articles and methods of making same
US20050266204A1 (en) * 2004-01-16 2005-12-01 Abrams Louis B Process for printing and molding a flocked article
US20050268407A1 (en) * 2004-05-26 2005-12-08 Abrams Louis B Process for high and medium energy dye printing a flocked article
US20070022548A1 (en) * 2005-08-01 2007-02-01 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Process for heat setting polyester fibers for sublimation printing
US20070102093A1 (en) * 2005-09-20 2007-05-10 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked elastomeric articles
US20070289688A1 (en) * 2000-07-24 2007-12-20 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Processes for precutting laminated flocked articles
US20080006968A1 (en) * 2000-07-24 2008-01-10 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Heat moldable flock transfer with heat resistant, reusable release sheet and methods of making same
US20080111047A1 (en) * 2006-11-14 2008-05-15 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Rigid mouse pad
US20080124503A1 (en) * 2006-11-02 2008-05-29 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked adhesive article having multi-component adhesive film
US20080150186A1 (en) * 2000-07-24 2008-06-26 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Co-molded direct flock and flock transfer and methods of making same
US7410682B2 (en) 2002-07-03 2008-08-12 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked stretchable design or transfer
US7465485B2 (en) 2003-12-23 2008-12-16 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Process for dimensionalizing flocked articles or wear, wash and abrasion resistant flocked articles
US20090239025A1 (en) * 2008-03-04 2009-09-24 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked articles having a woven graphic design insert and methods of making the same
US20100068447A1 (en) * 2006-12-15 2010-03-18 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked slurried thermosetting adhesive article
US20100143669A1 (en) * 2008-12-04 2010-06-10 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Sublimation dye printed textile design having metallic appearance and article of manufacture thereof
US20100209654A1 (en) * 2009-02-16 2010-08-19 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked stretchable design or transfer including thermoplastic film and method for making the same
US20100233410A1 (en) * 2005-12-07 2010-09-16 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Wet-on-wet method for forming flocked adhesive article
US7799164B2 (en) 2005-07-28 2010-09-21 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked articles having noncompatible insert and porous film
US20100316832A1 (en) * 2009-04-10 2010-12-16 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked article having a woven insert and method for making the same
US8007889B2 (en) 2005-04-28 2011-08-30 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked multi-colored adhesive article with bright lustered flock and methods for making the same
US20110223373A1 (en) * 2010-03-12 2011-09-15 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked articles having a resistance to splitting and methods for making the same
US8475905B2 (en) 2007-02-14 2013-07-02 High Voltage Graphics, Inc Sublimation dye printed textile
US9193214B2 (en) 2012-10-12 2015-11-24 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flexible heat sealable decorative articles and method for making the same

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3038236A (en) * 1954-02-26 1962-06-12 Du Pont Crimped textile products
US3314845A (en) * 1964-07-23 1967-04-18 Du Pont Method of flocking and subsequently developing latently crimpable fibers and article produced thereby

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3038236A (en) * 1954-02-26 1962-06-12 Du Pont Crimped textile products
US3314845A (en) * 1964-07-23 1967-04-18 Du Pont Method of flocking and subsequently developing latently crimpable fibers and article produced thereby

Cited By (57)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4187343A (en) * 1975-10-08 1980-02-05 Toyobo Co., Ltd. Process for producing non-woven fabric
US5382400A (en) * 1992-08-21 1995-01-17 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Nonwoven multicomponent polymeric fabric and method for making same
US5418045A (en) * 1992-08-21 1995-05-23 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Nonwoven multicomponent polymeric fabric
US5405682A (en) * 1992-08-26 1995-04-11 Kimberly Clark Corporation Nonwoven fabric made with multicomponent polymeric strands including a blend of polyolefin and elastomeric thermoplastic material
US5425987A (en) * 1992-08-26 1995-06-20 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Nonwoven fabric made with multicomponent polymeric strands including a blend of polyolefin and elastomeric thermoplastic material
US5336552A (en) * 1992-08-26 1994-08-09 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Nonwoven fabric made with multicomponent polymeric strands including a blend of polyolefin and ethylene alkyl acrylate copolymer
US5643662A (en) * 1992-11-12 1997-07-01 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Hydrophilic, multicomponent polymeric strands and nonwoven fabrics made therewith
US6500538B1 (en) 1992-12-28 2002-12-31 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Polymeric strands including a propylene polymer composition and nonwoven fabric and articles made therewith
US20030098529A1 (en) * 2000-07-21 2003-05-29 Robert Drumm Nanoscale corundum powders, sintered compacts produced from these powders and method for producing the same
US7364782B2 (en) 2000-07-24 2008-04-29 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked transfer and article of manufacture including the application of the transfer by thermoplastic polymer film
US20030186019A1 (en) * 2000-07-24 2003-10-02 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked transfer and article of manufacture including the application of the transfer by thermoplastic polymer film
US20030207072A1 (en) * 2000-07-24 2003-11-06 Abrams Louis Brown Co-molded direct flock and flock transfer and methods of making same
US8354050B2 (en) 2000-07-24 2013-01-15 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Co-molded direct flock and flock transfer and methods of making same
US20110052859A1 (en) * 2000-07-24 2011-03-03 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Processes for precutting laminated flocked articles
US20100092719A1 (en) * 2000-07-24 2010-04-15 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked transfer and article of manufacture including the application of the transfer by thermoplastic polymer film
US7632371B2 (en) 2000-07-24 2009-12-15 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked transfer and article of manufacture including the application of the transfer by thermoplastic polymer film
US7402222B2 (en) 2000-07-24 2008-07-22 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked transfer and article of manufacture including the flocked transfer
US20080150186A1 (en) * 2000-07-24 2008-06-26 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Co-molded direct flock and flock transfer and methods of making same
US7390552B2 (en) 2000-07-24 2008-06-24 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked transfer and article of manufacturing including the flocked transfer
US20070289688A1 (en) * 2000-07-24 2007-12-20 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Processes for precutting laminated flocked articles
US20080006968A1 (en) * 2000-07-24 2008-01-10 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Heat moldable flock transfer with heat resistant, reusable release sheet and methods of making same
US7338697B2 (en) 2000-07-24 2008-03-04 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Co-molded direct flock and flock transfer and methods of making same
US7344769B1 (en) 2000-07-24 2008-03-18 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked transfer and article of manufacture including the flocked transfer
US7381284B2 (en) 2000-07-24 2008-06-03 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked transfer and article of manufacture including the application of the transfer by thermoplastic polymer film
US20020009571A1 (en) * 2000-07-24 2002-01-24 Abrams Louis Brown Flocked transfer and article of manufacture including the application of the transfer by thermoplastic polymer film
US20040081791A1 (en) * 2002-07-03 2004-04-29 Abrams Louis Brown Flocked articles and methods of making same
US7351368B2 (en) 2002-07-03 2008-04-01 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked articles and methods of making same
US20040053001A1 (en) * 2002-07-03 2004-03-18 Abrams Louis Brown Process for printing and molding a flocked article
US7410682B2 (en) 2002-07-03 2008-08-12 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked stretchable design or transfer
US7413581B2 (en) 2002-07-03 2008-08-19 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Process for printing and molding a flocked article
US20040077247A1 (en) * 2002-10-22 2004-04-22 Schmidt Richard J. Lofty spunbond nonwoven laminate
US7465485B2 (en) 2003-12-23 2008-12-16 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Process for dimensionalizing flocked articles or wear, wash and abrasion resistant flocked articles
US20050266204A1 (en) * 2004-01-16 2005-12-01 Abrams Louis B Process for printing and molding a flocked article
US7393576B2 (en) * 2004-01-16 2008-07-01 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Process for printing and molding a flocked article
US20050268407A1 (en) * 2004-05-26 2005-12-08 Abrams Louis B Process for high and medium energy dye printing a flocked article
US8007889B2 (en) 2005-04-28 2011-08-30 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked multi-colored adhesive article with bright lustered flock and methods for making the same
US7799164B2 (en) 2005-07-28 2010-09-21 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked articles having noncompatible insert and porous film
USRE45802E1 (en) 2005-07-28 2015-11-17 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked articles having noncompatible insert and porous film
US20070022548A1 (en) * 2005-08-01 2007-02-01 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Process for heat setting polyester fibers for sublimation printing
US20100276060A1 (en) * 2005-09-20 2010-11-04 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked elastomeric articles
US7749589B2 (en) 2005-09-20 2010-07-06 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked elastomeric articles
US8168262B2 (en) 2005-09-20 2012-05-01 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked elastomeric articles
US20070102093A1 (en) * 2005-09-20 2007-05-10 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked elastomeric articles
US20100233410A1 (en) * 2005-12-07 2010-09-16 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Wet-on-wet method for forming flocked adhesive article
US20080124503A1 (en) * 2006-11-02 2008-05-29 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked adhesive article having multi-component adhesive film
US8206800B2 (en) 2006-11-02 2012-06-26 Louis Brown Abrams Flocked adhesive article having multi-component adhesive film
US20080111047A1 (en) * 2006-11-14 2008-05-15 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Rigid mouse pad
US20100068447A1 (en) * 2006-12-15 2010-03-18 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked slurried thermosetting adhesive article
US8475905B2 (en) 2007-02-14 2013-07-02 High Voltage Graphics, Inc Sublimation dye printed textile
US20090239025A1 (en) * 2008-03-04 2009-09-24 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked articles having a woven graphic design insert and methods of making the same
US20100143669A1 (en) * 2008-12-04 2010-06-10 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Sublimation dye printed textile design having metallic appearance and article of manufacture thereof
US9012005B2 (en) 2009-02-16 2015-04-21 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked stretchable design or transfer including thermoplastic film and method for making the same
US20100209654A1 (en) * 2009-02-16 2010-08-19 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked stretchable design or transfer including thermoplastic film and method for making the same
US20100316832A1 (en) * 2009-04-10 2010-12-16 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked article having a woven insert and method for making the same
US20110223373A1 (en) * 2010-03-12 2011-09-15 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked articles having a resistance to splitting and methods for making the same
US9175436B2 (en) 2010-03-12 2015-11-03 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flocked articles having a resistance to splitting and methods for making the same
US9193214B2 (en) 2012-10-12 2015-11-24 High Voltage Graphics, Inc. Flexible heat sealable decorative articles and method for making the same

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
GB1034207A (en) 1966-06-29 application
NL6410771A (en) 1965-03-25 application
DE1560662C3 (en) 1974-08-22 grant
BE653203A (en) 1965-03-17 grant
LU46984A1 (en) 1964-11-19 application
DE1560662B2 (en) 1974-01-24 application
DE1560662A1 (en) 1969-10-02 application
NL146232B (en) 1975-06-16 application

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