US3374798A - Camouflage equipment - Google Patents

Camouflage equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
US3374798A
US3374798A US51019565A US3374798A US 3374798 A US3374798 A US 3374798A US 51019565 A US51019565 A US 51019565A US 3374798 A US3374798 A US 3374798A
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United States
Prior art keywords
ribs
camouflage
shaft
equipment
camouflaging
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Samuelson Knut August Sigvard
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Licentia Ekman and Brundin Firma
Original Assignee
Licentia Ekman and Brundin Firma
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Priority to SE1476364 priority Critical
Application filed by Licentia Ekman and Brundin Firma filed Critical Licentia Ekman and Brundin Firma
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3374798A publication Critical patent/US3374798A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45BWALKING STICKS; UMBRELLAS; LADIES' OR LIKE FANS
    • A45B25/00Details of umbrellas
    • A45B25/02Umbrella frames
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45BWALKING STICKS; UMBRELLAS; LADIES' OR LIKE FANS
    • A45B23/00Other umbrellas
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41HARMOUR; ARMOURED TURRETS; ARMOURED OR ARMED VEHICLES; MEANS OF ATTACK OR DEFENCE, e.g. CAMOUFLAGE, IN GENERAL
    • F41H3/00Camouflage, i.e. means or methods for concealment or disguise
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45BWALKING STICKS; UMBRELLAS; LADIES' OR LIKE FANS
    • A45B23/00Other umbrellas
    • A45B2023/0012Ground supported umbrellas or sunshades on a single post, e.g. resting in or on a surface there below
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45BWALKING STICKS; UMBRELLAS; LADIES' OR LIKE FANS
    • A45B23/00Other umbrellas
    • A45B2023/0093Sunshades or weather protections of other than umbrella type
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10S428/919Camouflaged article

Description

. March 26, 1968 K. A. s. SAMUELSON CAMOUFLAGE EQUIPMENT 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Nov. 29, 1965 FIG.3
FIG.2
INVENTOR. Knui Au usi 51 1mm! SamueLs BY PM United States Patent Ofifice 3,374,7918 Patented Mar. 26, 1968 3,374,798 CAMOUFLAGE EQUIPMENT Kuut August Sigvard Samuelson, Stockholm, Sweden, as-
signor to Licentia, Ekman & Brundin, Stockholm, Sweden Filed Nov. 29, 1965, Ser. No. 510,195 Claims priority, application Sweden, Dec. 7, 1964,
14,763/ 64 4 Claims. (Cl. 135-20) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A readily transportable camouflaging device comprises a shaft; a plurality of ribs pivotally connected to the shaft adjacent one end of the latter and directed laterally in various directions from the shaft (after the manner of an umbrella) and camouflage net means supported on the ribs. The ribs are arranged in series, one over the other, to provide at least two groups of ribs, and are of varying lengths mutually and in the various series. A slide displaceable on the shaft and lockable in at least one position therealong is connected to said ribs through link means, for presenting the ribs in more or less extended portions. 7
Modern reconnaissance has shown that camouflaged objects, especially large objects such as cannons, tanks, motor vehicles and the like, when camouflaged in the conventional manner are often relatively easy to detect because the objects often exhibit more or less regular contours which attract attention during aerial reconnaissance Where photographs are usually taken to aid in the search. It has now been found that detection can be made exceedingly ditficult by breaking up the contours and thus imitating the characteristics of natural vegetation. Therefore it is important that camouflaging be carried out to give the impression of tree or bush vegetation with irregular contours. In addition the camouflaging must be achieved in a very short period and with a minimum of personnel. Camouflage equipment must be easy to handle and it is preferable if the masking can be done by a single person. It is also desired that the equipment be easily transported and not exceedingly bulky.
The present invention concerns a camouflaging device which is easily transported and makes possible rapid and effective masking of the object, and is characterized mainly in that it comprises a shaft or rod-shaped part which supports a number of ribs or spokes extending radially in various directions from the shaft and wherein the ribs support the camouflaging element or pieces of such an element. The camouflaging element comprises suitably a known camouflage net or pieces thereof which are preferably so arranged as to cover the whole area which is traversed by the ribs. In order to further increase the camouflaging effect and prevent observation from the side, such as from a low flying plane, the camouflage element is applied so that portions hang down particularly at edges of the area over which the ribs extend. The ribs are suitably arranged in parasol or umbrella fashion in one or more groups, one group above the other, so that when the ribs are in their extended positions they slant downward and/or upward and have different lengths.
Other characteristics of the invention are set out in the following description in conjunction with the accompanying drawing which shows a suitable embodiment of the invention.
FIG. 1 shows an embodiment of the invention seen from the side without the camouflage element applied thereto.
FIG. 2 shows the embodiment of FIG. I viewed from above.
FIG. 3 shows the embodiment of FIG. 1 in a folded condition.
FIGS. 4 and 5 show, respectively, the views of FIGS. 1 and 2 after the camouflage material has been applied.
As can easily be seen the camouflage equipment of the present invention is very easy to handle and with its help any object, regardless of size, can be effectively camouflaged. The pointed end of the shaft can be driven into the ground and the device can be located to conceal foxholes, trenches, tunnel entrances to underground shelters, and the like.
The drawing shows an umbrella-like device which is collapsible and comprises a shaft or rod-shaped support column 1, suitably a tube, which may be furnished with a point 1a at its lower end to be driven into the ground or to be introduced into a holder, such as a sleeve, located on an object to be camouflaged. The inserted end may be tightly clamped by means of an eccentric cam or the like (not shown) or fixed in place by a pin 9 passing through the end. A movable slide 2 is located on tube 1 and can be held at any desired height by means of an eccentric cam or peg passing through the tube (suitably furnished with holes) at chosen positions along the tubes length, these alternatives not being illustrated in the draW- ing. The slide 2 is pivotally connected by means of flexible struts or links 3 with ribs 4 and 5 which in turn are pivotally connected at one end to an element 6 which may be fixed or lockably located adjacent one end of tube 1. By moving slide 2 up or down along tube 1 it is possible to extend or collapse the camouflage arrangement after the manner of a parasol or umbrella.
In the folded condition shown in FIG. 3 the equipment is easily transported with or without the camouflage net 10. The camouflage net is suitably attached to the ribs and can remain attached when the equipment is collapsed.
Ribs 4 and 5 are or preferably may be disposed in at least two groups disposed one above the other. The ribs preferably vary in length with respect to each other. Moreover, links 3 are pivotally connected to the ribs at points 4a, 5a, which vary in distance from the attachment ends of the ribs. Top element 6 preferably is in the form of a horizontal block provided with a plurality of spaced slots 6a for the reception of pivotal connections with ribs 4 and 5. Similarly, slide 2 is slotted about its circumference at places 2a for pivotal attachment of links 3 thereto.
Other characteristics of the camouflage equipments construction and operation can be clearly seen in FIGS. 4 and 5. By varying the lengths of the ribs and the connection points of links 3 it is possible to increase the unsymmetrical impression given by the invention. When camouflaging vehicles or other mobile equipment one can allow the camouflage equipment to remain in its holder, either extended or collapsed, while the camouflaged object is being moved. Obviously the arrangement can be built in various sizes and shapes. Changes in details are contemplated within the scope of the invention. Tube 1 may be furnished at section 7 with a channel or holder for receiving a branch, tree top, bush, etc., to further increase the camouflage effect.
Field tests with arrangements according to the invention have shown that a high degree of camouflaging is achieved and detection by aerial reconnaissance is very difficult.
What I claim is:
1. A camouflage device comprising, in combination, a shaft;
a plurality of ribs arranged in at least two groups, each rib supported at one end thereof by said shaft and extending laterally therefrom in various directions;
at least one camouflage element supported by said ribs;
slide means slidable on said shaft; and link means flexibly connecting said ribs to said slide means;
the said ends of said ribs pivotably connected to the top end of said shaft and said links pivotally connected to said ribs at points which vary in distances from said ends attached to said shaft.
2. Camouflage equipment according to claim 1 wherein said ribs can be locked in an extended position pointing outward from said shaft and wherein said ribs Within at least one group, when in their extended positions, form unequal angles with said shaft.
3. Camouflage device, consisting essentially of a shaft which adjacent one end thereof umbrella-like supports a plurality of ribs directed laterally in various directions from the shaft, said ribs being pivotally connected to said shaft and arranged in series, one over the other and being pivotally connected to link means pivotally connected with a slide, which slide is displaceable on the shaft and which is suitably lockable in at least one certain position on the shaft, and camouflage elements supported on said ribs.
4. Device according to claim 3, in which for further 2. increase of the camouflage eflect the camouflage elements are arranged on the ribs so as to form parts that hang down and prevent observation from the side of the camouflage device.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,589,299 6/1926 Metzger 21 1178 XR 2,599,513 6/1952 Griffin 2l1-18O XR 2,851,807 9/1958 Taylor a- 16l24 XR 2,923,449 2/1960 Sund 211l78 FOREIGN PATENTS 729,329 12/1942 Germany. 830,124 1/1952 Germany.
ROY D. FRAZIER, Primary Examiner.
W. D. LOULAN, Assisfant Examiner.
US51019565 1964-12-07 1965-11-29 Camouflage equipment Expired - Lifetime US3374798A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
SE1476364 1964-12-07

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Publication Number Publication Date
US3374798A true US3374798A (en) 1968-03-26

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ID=20299620

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US51019565 Expired - Lifetime US3374798A (en) 1964-12-07 1965-11-29 Camouflage equipment

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Country Link
US (1) US3374798A (en)
DE (2) DE1453898B1 (en)
FR (1) FR1457124A (en)
GB (1) GB1124956A (en)

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3819457A (en) * 1973-02-26 1974-06-25 Consolidated Novelty Co Ltd Artificial christmas tree having erectable limbs
US4021974A (en) * 1976-03-05 1977-05-10 Varo, Inc. Camouflage disrupter frame
US4441518A (en) * 1982-03-26 1984-04-10 Brunswick Corporation Collapsible support fixture for camouflage screens or the like
US4659597A (en) * 1986-02-14 1987-04-21 Lau Arthur H Collapsible artificial Christmas tree
US4942693A (en) * 1989-03-24 1990-07-24 Josie Sibold Plant supporting umbrella
US5641013A (en) * 1995-11-08 1997-06-24 Wingfield; Charles Richard Stabilizing camouflage blind
US5678586A (en) * 1996-06-10 1997-10-21 Baksh; Fareed Umbrella for alleviating wind gust
US5865201A (en) * 1998-04-08 1999-02-02 Lin; Chen-Hsiung Umbrella
US6273583B1 (en) 1999-03-04 2001-08-14 James Trisler Folding star
US6357174B1 (en) * 2000-05-16 2002-03-19 Stanley Hernick Simulated trees and armatures and kits therefor
US6488391B1 (en) 1999-12-23 2002-12-03 Emerald Innovations, L.L.C. Decorative article having foldable members
US6520195B1 (en) 2001-01-24 2003-02-18 O'neal Robert Portable shelter and method of assembling the same
WO2004014174A2 (en) * 2002-08-11 2004-02-19 Mina Houtan Multipurpose air ventilating umbrella
US20050166534A1 (en) * 2002-02-15 2005-08-04 Hiroyasu Minayoshi Reinforcement member arrangement jig for concrete electric pole
US7267852B1 (en) * 2006-05-03 2007-09-11 Rosado Wanda E Collapsible artificial Christmas tree
US20080041433A1 (en) * 2006-08-21 2008-02-21 Caldwell John W Umbrella with a vented canopy deployable and retractible to a dihedral shape with a positively moved canopy and vent cover
US20090308418A1 (en) * 2008-06-13 2009-12-17 Mina Houtan Self-ventilating, decorative patio umbrella
US8079176B1 (en) * 2010-11-03 2011-12-20 David Thead Collapsible enclosure
US20120055525A1 (en) * 2007-11-30 2012-03-08 Kwan Jun Choi Foldable tent with integrated ventilation system
US20130247435A1 (en) * 2012-03-22 2013-09-26 John Andrew Bacik Safety Sign System
CN106091821A (en) * 2016-08-13 2016-11-09 上海炬通实业有限公司 A kind of fan formula is thrown the net device
US9518696B1 (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-12-13 Shyang Yung Plastics Co., Ltd. Rack structure for a rack assembly
US10570639B1 (en) * 2019-01-23 2020-02-25 Saab Barracuda Llc Shape disrupter for net support system

Families Citing this family (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CH589274A5 (en) * 1975-01-31 1977-06-30 Oerlikon Buehrle Ag
DE2750919C1 (en) * 1977-11-15 1984-03-01 Pusch Guenter Broadband camouflage of military targets
DE2943430C2 (en) 1979-10-26 1986-12-18 Pusch, Guenter, Dr.-Ing., 6903 Neckargemuend, De
GB2167168B (en) * 1984-11-15 1988-12-14 John Robert Poiner Device for supporting camouflage net
AT403736B (en) * 1989-05-31 1998-05-25 Barracuda Tech Ab Developable show body for rear purpose
AT406198B (en) * 1990-09-11 2000-03-27 Barracuda Tech Ab Device for camouflage of military devices
AT402974B (en) * 1991-10-18 1997-10-27 Barracuda Tech Ab Device for camouflage of military devices
AT403094B (en) * 1992-08-19 1997-11-25 Haager Birgit Device for camouflage of military devices
AT493U1 (en) * 1994-11-15 1995-11-27 Herbert Dipl Ing Mag Tkadletz Carrying construction with dummy
AT1039U1 (en) * 1995-06-23 1996-09-25 Haager Volker Device for camouflage of military devices

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1589299A (en) * 1925-03-05 1926-06-15 Metzger Joseph Umbrella
DE729329C (en) * 1941-07-25 1942-12-14 Paul Meyer Speer Artificially made tree or the like for the purpose of terrain camouflage
DE830124C (en) * 1949-01-18 1952-01-31 Heinrich Meyer Movable or fixed roughage drying rack
US2599513A (en) * 1949-04-09 1952-06-03 Dry Or Shade Inc Combination sunshade and clothes drier
US2851807A (en) * 1956-01-03 1958-09-16 Owen D Taylor Artificial tree construction
US2923449A (en) * 1957-04-22 1960-02-02 Lola L Sund Drying frame for petticoats and skirts

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1774909A (en) * 1928-07-31 1930-09-02 William H Wells Combination umbrella tent
DE1745575U (en) * 1953-01-14 1957-05-23 J H Benecke Hannoversche Wachs CAMO NET.
DE1765710U (en) * 1957-08-30 1958-04-24 Rudolf Baumann G M B H Support for camouflage nets.
DE1756415U (en) * 1957-09-23 1957-11-21 Oberndorfer Gardinen Und Spitz SUPPORTING DEVICE FOR tarpaulins, tents and, in particular, camouflage nets.
DE1863129U (en) * 1962-07-20 1962-11-29 Rudolf Baumann G M B H & Co K CAMO NET SUPPORT.

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1589299A (en) * 1925-03-05 1926-06-15 Metzger Joseph Umbrella
DE729329C (en) * 1941-07-25 1942-12-14 Paul Meyer Speer Artificially made tree or the like for the purpose of terrain camouflage
DE830124C (en) * 1949-01-18 1952-01-31 Heinrich Meyer Movable or fixed roughage drying rack
US2599513A (en) * 1949-04-09 1952-06-03 Dry Or Shade Inc Combination sunshade and clothes drier
US2851807A (en) * 1956-01-03 1958-09-16 Owen D Taylor Artificial tree construction
US2923449A (en) * 1957-04-22 1960-02-02 Lola L Sund Drying frame for petticoats and skirts

Cited By (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3819457A (en) * 1973-02-26 1974-06-25 Consolidated Novelty Co Ltd Artificial christmas tree having erectable limbs
US4021974A (en) * 1976-03-05 1977-05-10 Varo, Inc. Camouflage disrupter frame
US4441518A (en) * 1982-03-26 1984-04-10 Brunswick Corporation Collapsible support fixture for camouflage screens or the like
US4659597A (en) * 1986-02-14 1987-04-21 Lau Arthur H Collapsible artificial Christmas tree
US4942693A (en) * 1989-03-24 1990-07-24 Josie Sibold Plant supporting umbrella
US5641013A (en) * 1995-11-08 1997-06-24 Wingfield; Charles Richard Stabilizing camouflage blind
US5678586A (en) * 1996-06-10 1997-10-21 Baksh; Fareed Umbrella for alleviating wind gust
US5865201A (en) * 1998-04-08 1999-02-02 Lin; Chen-Hsiung Umbrella
US6273583B1 (en) 1999-03-04 2001-08-14 James Trisler Folding star
US6488391B1 (en) 1999-12-23 2002-12-03 Emerald Innovations, L.L.C. Decorative article having foldable members
US6357174B1 (en) * 2000-05-16 2002-03-19 Stanley Hernick Simulated trees and armatures and kits therefor
US6520195B1 (en) 2001-01-24 2003-02-18 O'neal Robert Portable shelter and method of assembling the same
US20050166534A1 (en) * 2002-02-15 2005-08-04 Hiroyasu Minayoshi Reinforcement member arrangement jig for concrete electric pole
US7343658B2 (en) * 2002-02-15 2008-03-18 Ntt Infrastructure Network Corporation Reinforcement member arrangement jig for concrete electric pole
WO2004014174A2 (en) * 2002-08-11 2004-02-19 Mina Houtan Multipurpose air ventilating umbrella
US20050028853A1 (en) * 2002-08-11 2005-02-10 Mina Houtan Multipurpose air ventilating umbrella
WO2004014174A3 (en) * 2002-08-11 2005-03-17 Mina Houtan Multipurpose air ventilating umbrella
US7267852B1 (en) * 2006-05-03 2007-09-11 Rosado Wanda E Collapsible artificial Christmas tree
US7401618B2 (en) * 2006-08-21 2008-07-22 Caldwell John W Umbrella with a vented canopy deployable and retractible to a dihedral shape with a positively moved canopy and vent cover
US20080041433A1 (en) * 2006-08-21 2008-02-21 Caldwell John W Umbrella with a vented canopy deployable and retractible to a dihedral shape with a positively moved canopy and vent cover
US8590554B2 (en) * 2007-11-30 2013-11-26 Ki Ho Jin Foldable tent with integrated ventilation system
US9243423B2 (en) * 2007-11-30 2016-01-26 Ki Ho Jin Foldable tent
US20120055525A1 (en) * 2007-11-30 2012-03-08 Kwan Jun Choi Foldable tent with integrated ventilation system
US20140076371A1 (en) * 2007-11-30 2014-03-20 Ki Ho Jin Foldable Tent
US20090308418A1 (en) * 2008-06-13 2009-12-17 Mina Houtan Self-ventilating, decorative patio umbrella
US8079176B1 (en) * 2010-11-03 2011-12-20 David Thead Collapsible enclosure
US20130247435A1 (en) * 2012-03-22 2013-09-26 John Andrew Bacik Safety Sign System
US20150113844A1 (en) * 2012-03-22 2015-04-30 John Andrew Bacik Safety Sign System
US9038298B2 (en) * 2012-03-22 2015-05-26 John Andrew Bacik Safety sign system
US9245466B2 (en) * 2012-03-22 2016-01-26 John Andrew Bacik Safety sign system
US9518696B1 (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-12-13 Shyang Yung Plastics Co., Ltd. Rack structure for a rack assembly
CN106091821A (en) * 2016-08-13 2016-11-09 上海炬通实业有限公司 A kind of fan formula is thrown the net device
US10570639B1 (en) * 2019-01-23 2020-02-25 Saab Barracuda Llc Shape disrupter for net support system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB1124956A (en) 1968-08-21
DE1934019U (en) 1966-03-03
FR1457124A (en) 1966-10-28
DE1453898B1 (en) 1972-01-13

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