US3367878A - Alkaline water-based cleaner - Google Patents

Alkaline water-based cleaner Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3367878A
US3367878A US395625A US39562564A US3367878A US 3367878 A US3367878 A US 3367878A US 395625 A US395625 A US 395625A US 39562564 A US39562564 A US 39562564A US 3367878 A US3367878 A US 3367878A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
sodium
solution
water
ethylene oxide
alkaline
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US395625A
Inventor
Mankowich Abraham
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
US Department of Army
Original Assignee
Army Usa
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Army Usa filed Critical Army Usa
Priority to US395625A priority Critical patent/US3367878A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3367878A publication Critical patent/US3367878A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/02Inorganic compounds ; Elemental compounds
    • C11D3/04Water-soluble compounds
    • C11D3/08Silicates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/66Non-ionic compounds
    • C11D1/83Mixtures of non-ionic with anionic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D10/00Compositions of detergents, not provided for by one single preceding group
    • C11D10/04Compositions of detergents, not provided for by one single preceding group based on mixtures of surface-active non-soap compounds and soap
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/02Inorganic compounds ; Elemental compounds
    • C11D3/04Water-soluble compounds
    • C11D3/06Phosphates, including polyphosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/16Organic compounds
    • C11D3/20Organic compounds containing oxygen
    • C11D3/2003Alcohols; Phenols
    • C11D3/2041Dihydric alcohols
    • C11D3/2044Dihydric alcohols linear
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
    • C23GCLEANING OR DEGREASING OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY CHEMICAL METHODS OTHER THAN ELECTROLYSIS
    • C23G1/00Cleaning or pickling metallic material with solutions or molten salts
    • C23G1/14Cleaning or pickling metallic material with solutions or molten salts with alkaline solutions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/02Anionic compounds
    • C11D1/12Sulfonic acids or sulfuric acid esters; Salts thereof
    • C11D1/22Sulfonic acids or sulfuric acid esters; Salts thereof derived from aromatic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/66Non-ionic compounds
    • C11D1/72Ethers of polyoxyalkylene glycols

Description

United States Patent No Drawing. Filed Sept. 10, 1964, Ser. No. 395,625 Claims. (Cl. 252--110) The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government for governmental purposes, without the payment to me of any royalty thereon.
This invention relates to compositions of matter for use as alkaline cleaners of asphalt, sodium and/or metallic soap greases, road dirt, forming oils, cutting oils, and aviation dirt from ferrous and non-ferrous metal surfaces.
Specifically it deals with stable, single phase alkaline Water-based cleaners containing an organic solvent and is designed to clean aircraft surfaces by immersion, spraying, brushing or preferably by a hydrosteam cleaning machine. Hydrosteam cleaning machines are of the injection type which use existing plant steam supplies and contain no tubular coils.
The alkaline water-based cleaners comprise specific alkaline salt detergents and specific anionic-nonionic surfactant mixtures combined with specific organic sequestrants. These alkaline salt detergents are inorganic salts or mixtures thereof which, when dissolved in the systems referred to herein, produce a pH not exceeding 12.1 and contain anionic groups (silicate) that act as corrosion inhibitors for nonferrous (aluminum) base metals. The glycols hereinafter referred to, form stable, single phase solutions with aqueous solutions of the other ingredients comprising this invention.
This application is an improvement on the Paint Remover for Missile Component Parts covered in application filed by A. Mankowich, Ser. No. 215,465 on Aug. 7, 1962.
The prior art as it relates to alkaline Water-based cleaners is typified by the comparison formula of Military Specification Mil-C-25769B, Cleaning Compound, Aircraft Surface, Alkaline Waterbase with the composition as follows:
Component: Percent by Weight Na PO 9-10 ethylene oxide adduct of octylphenol 2 Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether 6 Water 82 Component: Percent by weight Water 20.2
Sodium xylene sulphonate 1.8 9-10 ethylene oxide adduct of octylphenol 4.3 Triethanolamine 4.0 Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether ('butyl Cellosolve) 9.2 Petroleum solvent, 95% aromatic 36.7 Oleic acid 12.8 Pine oil 1.0
Hexylene glycol 10.0
3,367,878 Patented Feb. 6, 1968 The following tests show that each of these conventional cleaners is deficient or borderline in the deterging of one or more of the common soils, mineral oil (nondetergent, SAE 30 grade), petroleum asphalt (Federal Specification SS-A-706, grade 100, designation AlP-3) and calcium soap-grease (Federal Specification VV-G* 632, Type A, Grade 1). The test panels were 2 /2 by 2 /2 inches, 18-20 gage, cold rolled SAE 1020 steel, polished with No. 1 emery cloth and cleaned prior to soil application. Mineral oil was supplied by dipping the panel into a beaker of oil, removing and draining thirty minutes; 320 to 340 mg. asphalt was spread over one face of the panel with a steel spatula; 290 to 310 mg. grease was spread over one face of the panel with finger tips. The cleaning tests were carried out in 2-liter beakers, using 1600 ml. cleaning solution in every case. The Mil-C- 25769B tests were run at a boil, one series on the concentrate as given above and one series on the concentrate diluted with three parts Water by volume. The Mil- C-22543 tests were run at 130 F. on the concentrate given above diluted with four parts water by volume. The results obtained were as follows:
Mineral Oil (3 Calcium Soap- Asphalt (21 min- Cleaner minute cycle) Grease (5 minute cycle) ute cycle) MILC-22543: 60 mg. residue" 106 mg. residuc 193 mg. residue.
1-4 dilution. MIL-(J-25769B:
Concentrate. Zero residuc. 246 mg. residue 297 mg. residue to 3.6 mg. to mg.
1-8 dilution- Water breaks" development of stable, single phase compositions of matter of the alkaline water-based cleaner type containing a high boiling point, high flash organic solvent of cosolvent characteristics, the said compositions of matter possessing improved detergent efficiency.
The above objective can be obtained by the addition to an aqueous solution of alkaline salt detergents, neutral builders and anionic-nonionic surfactants of suitable quantities of specific glycols. These glycols are high boiling point, high flash point solvents of powerful co-solvent characteristics, which form stable, single phase solutions with the other ingredients of the developed compositions even at boiling temperatures. The alkaline salt detergents are inorganic salts or mixtures thereof which impart a pH not exceeding 12.1 to the developed cleaners, and which contain anionic groups such as silicate that act as corrosion inhibitors for non-ferrous base metals like aluminum.
The improved compositions described herein possess improved and far superior detergent efficiency than the products described as typical of the prior art. The effectiveness of the deterging action is enhanced by the addition of a specific organic chelating agent, namely, the tetrasodium salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. Examples of the glycols are hexylene glycol and dipropylene glycol.
Examples of the compositions illustrating this invention are given as follows:
3 EXAMPLE I Add Solution B to Solution A, and use at a boil.
Solution A Component: Grams Sodium imetasilicate pentahydrate 2.59 Trisodium phosphate dodecahydrate 2.51 Primary sodium phosphate monohydrate 0.90 Sodium sulphate 0.67 Sodium oleate 0.44
N onylphenoxypolyethyleneoxy ethanol having 30 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of nonyl phenol 0.39 Water to make 100 ml.
Solution B 3.75 ml. hexylene glycol.
EXAMPLE II Add Solution B to Solution A, and use at a boil.
Solution A Component: Grams Sodium metasilicate pentahydrate 2.76 Trisodium phosphate dodecahydrate 2.34 Primary sodium phosphate monohydrate 0.90
Sodium keryl benzene sulphonate (40% active) 1.11
Polyoxyethyleue octyl phenol having 9 to 10 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of octyl phenol 0.39
Water to make 100 ml.
Solution B ml. hexylene glycol.
EXAMPLE III Add Solution B to Solution A, and use at a boil.
Solution A Component: Grams Sodium metasilicate pentahydrate 2.24 Trisodium phosphate dodecahydrate 2.18 Primary sodium phosphate monohydrate 0.78 Sodium sulphate 0.58 Sodium dodecyl sulphate 0.38 30 mole ratio ethylene oxide adduct of decyne- 4,7-diol 0.34 Water to make 100 ml.
Solution B 3.75 ml. hexylene glycol.
EXAMPLE IV Add Solution B to Solution A, and use at a boil.
Solution A Component: Grams Sodium metasilicate pentahydrate 2.76 Trisodium phosphate dodecahydrate 2.68 Primary sodium phosphate monohydrate 0.96 Tetrasodium salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid 0.71 Sodium dodecyl sulphate 0.47 30 mole ratio ethylene oxide adduct of decyne- 4,7-diol 0.42 Water to make 100 ml.
Solution B 3.75 ml. hexylene glycol.
The improved detergent efliciency of the improved compositions used in Examples I to IV is illustrated by the following cleaning tests, using the same procedures heretofore in connection with cleaners of the prior art:
4 Cleaner (Examples I to IV): Residue Mineral oil, 3 minute cycle 0 Calcium Soap-Grease, 3 minute cycle 0 Asphalt, 7 minute cycle 0 The surfactants used in the above examples are known commercially as follows:
Nonylphenoxypolyethyleneoxy ethanol having 30 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of nonyl phenol is Igepal CO- 880, manufactured by Autara Chemicals, General Aniline and Film Corp.
Sodium keryl benzene sulphonate is Naconnol NR, by the National Aniline Division, Allied Chemical and Dye Corp.
Polyoxyethylene octyl phenol having 9 to 10 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of octyl phenol is Triton X. 100, by Rohm & Haas Co.
30 mole ratio ethylene oxide adduct of decyne-4,7-diol is Surfynol 485, by Air Reduction Chemical and Carbide Co.
It has also been found that certain anionic-nonionic surfactant combinations are to be preferred, because they enhance the removal of asphalt and other bituminous soils. The anionic-nonionic surfactant combinations employed in Examples I to IV provide optimum detergency of such soils. Investigation reveals that the anionic nonionic combinations sodium dodecyl sulphate-nonylphenoxypolyethyleneoxy ethanol having 30 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of nonyl phenol, sodium oleate-polyoxyethylene octyl phenol having 9 to 10 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of octyl phenol and sodium keryl benzene sulphonate-nonylphenyl decacontaethylene glycol ether possess considerably less surface activity (penetrability, peptization and wetting as judged by asphalt detergency) than the surfactant combinations of Examples I to IV.
It has also been found that specificity exists in the glycol used. Hexylene glycol, for example, provides optimum detergency when used in as small proportions as in Examples I to IV; namely, 3.75 parts hexylene glycol to parts alkaline detergent solution by volume. However, 10 parts dipropylene glycol to 100 parts of the alkaline solution of Example I by volume is necessary for optimum detergency; and if hexanetriol is used, 10 parts by volume of the latter to 100 parts alkaline detergent solution results in a cleaner that cannot deterge calcium soap-grease.
For optimum detergency, the ratio of hexylene glycol to aqueous alkaline detergent solution should be 3.75 to 10 parts hexylene glycol to 100 parts alkaline detergent solution by volume. The concentration of the aqueous alkaline detergent solution should be 7.5%, weight to volume, as given in Examples I to IV; this concentration may be varied from 6.5 to 8.0%, Weight to volume. The ratio of dipropylene glycol to aqueous alkaline detergent solution should be 10 to 15 parts dipropylene glycol to 100 parts alkaline detergent solution by volume.
The ingredients comprising the alkaline detergent solution may vary as follows in grams per 100 ml. of solution:
Range-grams Sodium metasilicate pentahydrate 2.24-2.76 Trisodium phosphate dodecahydrate 2.18-2.68 Primary sodium phosphate monohydrate 0.78-0.96 Sodium Sulphate up to 0.71 Tetrasodium salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid up to 0.71 Anionic surfactant (100% active) 0.38-0.47 Nonionic surfactant (100% active) 0.34-0.42
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the compositions of this invention are not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative examples, and that changes may be made in the types and amounts of alkaline salts, neutral builders, chelating agents, anionicnonionic surfactant mixtures and glycols.
6 What is claimed is: 4. A cleaning composition consisting of the following 1. A cleaning composition consisting of the following ingredients: ingredients: Grams ram (a) sodium metasilicate pentahydrate 2.24 (a) sodium metasilicate pentahydrate 2.24- 2.76 5 (b) trisodium phosphate dodecahydrate 2.18 (b) trisodium phosphate dodecahydrate 2.18- 2.68 (c) primary sodium phosphate monohydrate 0.78 (0) primary sodium phosphate monohy- (d) sodium sulphate 0.58 drate 78-96 (e) sodium dodecyl sulphate 0.38 (d) sodium sulphate up to .71 (f) 30 mole ratio ethylene oxide adduct of de- (e) tetrasodium salt of ethylenediamine- 10 cyne-4,7-dio1 0.34
tetraacetic acid up [0 .7 (g) Water to make 100 ml. (f) sodium oleate, 100% active .38- .47 (h) hexylene glycol (per 100 m1.) =ml 3.75 (g) nonylphenoxypolyethyleneoxy ethangl having 30 mglcs of ethylene xide 5. A cleaning composition consisting Of the following per mole of nonyl phenol .34 .42 ingredients: (h) Water to make 100 ml. Grams (i) hexylene glycol (per 100 ml.) m1 3.75-10.0 sodiuim metialsilicate pgntahygrate 2.76 triso ium p osphate odeca ydrate 2.68 ingeihegtlgamng composition consisting of the following p y Sodium phosphate monohydrate 0.96
Grams (d) tetrasodium salt of ethylenediaminetetra- (a) sodium metasilicate pentahydra-te 2.59 acellc and (b) trisodium phosphate dodecahydrate 2.51 (e) sodlum Y Sulphate (c) primary sodium phosphate monohydrate 0.90 mole Tall) ethylene OXlde addllfl of (d) sodium sulphate 0.67 cyne-4,7-dio1 0.42 (e) sodium oleate 0.44 (g) Water to make 100 ml. (f) nonylphenoxypolyethyleneoxy ethanol hav- (h) hexylene glycol (per 100 ml.) ml 3.75
ing moles of ethylene oxide per mole of nonyl P 61101 039 References Cited (g) water to make 100 m1. (h) hexylene glycol (per 100 ml.) ml 3.75 30 UNITED SiATES PATENTS 3. A cleaning composition consisting of the following 2,062,866 12/1936 (3016mm 2 2-135 XR ingredients: 2,733,215 1/1956 Rufi 252-137 Grams 2,741,599 4/1956 McDonald et a1. 252l37 XR sodium meiasilicate pentahydrate 3,001,945 9/1961 Drew et al. 252-438 XR trisodium phosphate dodecahydrate 3,210,287 10/1965 Kelly et al 252-139 (0) primary sodium phosphate monohydrate 0.90 24 9 9 5 Rankin 52 XR (d) sodium keryl benzene sulphonate being 3,216,945 11/1955 Mankowitz XR active a- 1.11 (e) polyoxyethylene octyl phenol having 9 to 10 40 LEON ROSDOL Primary Examiner moles of ethylene oxide per mole of octyl phenol 0. 9 S. D. SCHNEIDER, J. T. FEDIGAN, (f) Water to make ml. Assistant Examiners.
(g) hexylene glycol (per 100 ml.) ml 5

Claims (2)

1. A CLEANING XOMPOSITION CONSISTING OF THE FOLLOWING INGREDIENTS:
2. A CLEANING COMPOSITION CONSISTING OF THE FOLLOWING INGREDIENTS: GRAMS (A) SODIUM METASILICATE PENTAHYDRATE 2.59 (B) TRISODIUM PHOSPHATE DODECAHYDRATE 2.51 (C) PRIMARY SODIUM PHOSPHATE MONOHYDRATE 0.90 (D) SODIUM SULPHATE 0.67 (E) SODIUM OLEATE 0.44 (F) NONYLPHENOXYPOLYETHYLENEOXY ETHANOL HAVING 30 MOLES OF ETHYLENE OXIDE PER MOLE OF NONYL PHENOL 0.39 (G) WATER TO MAKE 100 ML. (H) HEXYLENE GLYCOL (PER 100 ML.) -- 3.75
US395625A 1964-09-10 1964-09-10 Alkaline water-based cleaner Expired - Lifetime US3367878A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US395625A US3367878A (en) 1964-09-10 1964-09-10 Alkaline water-based cleaner

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US395625A US3367878A (en) 1964-09-10 1964-09-10 Alkaline water-based cleaner

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3367878A true US3367878A (en) 1968-02-06

Family

ID=23563811

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US395625A Expired - Lifetime US3367878A (en) 1964-09-10 1964-09-10 Alkaline water-based cleaner

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3367878A (en)

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3527608A (en) * 1964-12-24 1970-09-08 Henkel & Cie Gmbh Continuous cleansing of rigid materials
US3931033A (en) * 1973-12-14 1976-01-06 Henkel & Cie G.M.B.H. Liquid foam-regulated nonionic detergent compositions
US4371461A (en) * 1980-10-02 1983-02-01 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid detergent compositions with tertiary alcohol skin feel additives
US4377489A (en) * 1981-03-16 1983-03-22 Ceil Clean Corporation, Inc. Inorganic persulfate cleaning solution for acoustic materials
US4414128A (en) * 1981-06-08 1983-11-08 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid detergent compositions
WO1989007130A1 (en) * 1988-01-26 1989-08-10 Putra, Stanislav Cleaning agent and process
WO1989008697A1 (en) * 1988-03-08 1989-09-21 Bp Chemicals Limited Liquid detergent compositions
EP0381617A2 (en) * 1989-01-31 1990-08-08 Ciba-Geigy Ag Disinfecting and cleaning composition for contact lenses
US5031648A (en) * 1989-05-16 1991-07-16 Skyline Products Ltd. Cleaning of mill gears
AU624357B2 (en) * 1988-01-26 1992-06-11 Hans-Gerd Kaiser Cleaning agent and process
US5135743A (en) * 1989-06-23 1992-08-04 The Clorox Company Combined odor controlling animal litter
US5183655A (en) * 1988-06-17 1993-02-02 The Clorox Company Combined odor controlling animal litter
US5189987A (en) * 1989-06-23 1993-03-02 The Clorox Company Odor controlling animal litter with pine oil
WO1993018205A1 (en) * 1992-03-13 1993-09-16 Henkel Corporation Composition and process for cleaning tinplate stock
US5330671A (en) * 1992-09-11 1994-07-19 Pullen Erroll M Fluid, formulation and method for coal dust control
US5503778A (en) * 1993-03-30 1996-04-02 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Cleaning compositions based on N-alkyl pyrrolidones having about 8 to about 12 carbon atoms in the alkyl group and corresponding methods of use
US5512202A (en) * 1993-04-05 1996-04-30 Eet, Inc. Precleaning fluids for use in a process for the removal of contaminants from surfaces
US5573710A (en) * 1993-03-30 1996-11-12 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Multisurface cleaning composition and method of use
US5637559A (en) * 1993-03-30 1997-06-10 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Floor stripping composition and method
US5674827A (en) * 1994-01-11 1997-10-07 Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation Degreasing cleaner and method for cleaning oil-deposited material
US5922665A (en) * 1997-05-28 1999-07-13 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Aqueous cleaning composition including a nonionic surfactant and a very slightly water-soluble organic solvent suitable for hydrophobic soil removal
US5961736A (en) * 1993-04-05 1999-10-05 Active Environmental Technologies, Inc. Method for removal of contaminants from surfaces
US6150320A (en) * 1994-07-21 2000-11-21 3M Innovative Properties Company Concentrated cleaner compositions capable of viscosity increase upon dilution
US6849589B2 (en) 2001-10-10 2005-02-01 3M Innovative Properties Company Cleaning composition
WO2005071042A1 (en) * 2004-01-23 2005-08-04 Aquatech, Llc Petroleum recovery and cleaning system and process
US20080227679A1 (en) * 2007-03-13 2008-09-18 Elementis Specialties, Inc. Biodegradable Cleaning Compositions
DE112009002464T5 (en) 2008-10-15 2012-01-19 Unbekannter Antragssteller Composition for dust prevention and limitation of moisture resorption

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2062866A (en) * 1933-10-19 1936-12-01 Warner Chemical Company Making sodium phosphates
US2733215A (en) * 1953-03-25 1956-01-31 Cleaning compositions containing
US2741599A (en) * 1952-04-28 1956-04-10 Kelite Corp Composition for cleaning and stripping paint from aluminum
US3001945A (en) * 1959-04-29 1961-09-26 Procter & Gamble Liquid detergent composition
US3210287A (en) * 1960-05-06 1965-10-05 Wyandotte Chemicals Corp Nonstaining aluminum cleaning composition and method
US3216945A (en) * 1962-08-07 1965-11-09 Mankowich Abraham Paint remover for non-ferrous metal parts
US3240709A (en) * 1962-05-16 1966-03-15 Burton Parsons Chemicals Inc Method of cleansing contact lenses

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2062866A (en) * 1933-10-19 1936-12-01 Warner Chemical Company Making sodium phosphates
US2741599A (en) * 1952-04-28 1956-04-10 Kelite Corp Composition for cleaning and stripping paint from aluminum
US2733215A (en) * 1953-03-25 1956-01-31 Cleaning compositions containing
US3001945A (en) * 1959-04-29 1961-09-26 Procter & Gamble Liquid detergent composition
US3210287A (en) * 1960-05-06 1965-10-05 Wyandotte Chemicals Corp Nonstaining aluminum cleaning composition and method
US3240709A (en) * 1962-05-16 1966-03-15 Burton Parsons Chemicals Inc Method of cleansing contact lenses
US3216945A (en) * 1962-08-07 1965-11-09 Mankowich Abraham Paint remover for non-ferrous metal parts

Cited By (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3527608A (en) * 1964-12-24 1970-09-08 Henkel & Cie Gmbh Continuous cleansing of rigid materials
US3931033A (en) * 1973-12-14 1976-01-06 Henkel & Cie G.M.B.H. Liquid foam-regulated nonionic detergent compositions
US4371461A (en) * 1980-10-02 1983-02-01 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid detergent compositions with tertiary alcohol skin feel additives
US4377489A (en) * 1981-03-16 1983-03-22 Ceil Clean Corporation, Inc. Inorganic persulfate cleaning solution for acoustic materials
US4485028A (en) * 1981-03-16 1984-11-27 Ceil Clean Corporation, Inc. Inorganic persulfate cleaning solution for acoustic materials
US4414128A (en) * 1981-06-08 1983-11-08 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid detergent compositions
AU624357B2 (en) * 1988-01-26 1992-06-11 Hans-Gerd Kaiser Cleaning agent and process
WO1989007130A1 (en) * 1988-01-26 1989-08-10 Putra, Stanislav Cleaning agent and process
EP0329959A1 (en) * 1988-01-26 1989-08-30 Hans-Gerd Kaiser Cleaning process
US5254175A (en) * 1988-01-26 1993-10-19 Kaiser Hans Gerd Process for removing contaminants, in particular material residues, in poorly accessible machine parts
WO1989008697A1 (en) * 1988-03-08 1989-09-21 Bp Chemicals Limited Liquid detergent compositions
EP0334463A1 (en) * 1988-03-08 1989-09-27 BP Chemicals Limited Liquid detergent compositions
US5183655A (en) * 1988-06-17 1993-02-02 The Clorox Company Combined odor controlling animal litter
EP0381617A3 (en) * 1989-01-31 1992-03-04 Ciba-Geigy Ag Disinfecting and cleaning composition for contact lenses
EP0381617A2 (en) * 1989-01-31 1990-08-08 Ciba-Geigy Ag Disinfecting and cleaning composition for contact lenses
US5031648A (en) * 1989-05-16 1991-07-16 Skyline Products Ltd. Cleaning of mill gears
US5189987A (en) * 1989-06-23 1993-03-02 The Clorox Company Odor controlling animal litter with pine oil
US5135743A (en) * 1989-06-23 1992-08-04 The Clorox Company Combined odor controlling animal litter
WO1993018205A1 (en) * 1992-03-13 1993-09-16 Henkel Corporation Composition and process for cleaning tinplate stock
US5330671A (en) * 1992-09-11 1994-07-19 Pullen Erroll M Fluid, formulation and method for coal dust control
US5744440A (en) * 1993-03-30 1998-04-28 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Hard surface cleaning compositions including a very slightly water-soluble organic solvent
US5503778A (en) * 1993-03-30 1996-04-02 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Cleaning compositions based on N-alkyl pyrrolidones having about 8 to about 12 carbon atoms in the alkyl group and corresponding methods of use
US5573710A (en) * 1993-03-30 1996-11-12 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Multisurface cleaning composition and method of use
US5637559A (en) * 1993-03-30 1997-06-10 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Floor stripping composition and method
US5512202A (en) * 1993-04-05 1996-04-30 Eet, Inc. Precleaning fluids for use in a process for the removal of contaminants from surfaces
US5961736A (en) * 1993-04-05 1999-10-05 Active Environmental Technologies, Inc. Method for removal of contaminants from surfaces
US5674827A (en) * 1994-01-11 1997-10-07 Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation Degreasing cleaner and method for cleaning oil-deposited material
US6150320A (en) * 1994-07-21 2000-11-21 3M Innovative Properties Company Concentrated cleaner compositions capable of viscosity increase upon dilution
US5922665A (en) * 1997-05-28 1999-07-13 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Aqueous cleaning composition including a nonionic surfactant and a very slightly water-soluble organic solvent suitable for hydrophobic soil removal
US6849589B2 (en) 2001-10-10 2005-02-01 3M Innovative Properties Company Cleaning composition
WO2005071042A1 (en) * 2004-01-23 2005-08-04 Aquatech, Llc Petroleum recovery and cleaning system and process
US20080227679A1 (en) * 2007-03-13 2008-09-18 Elementis Specialties, Inc. Biodegradable Cleaning Compositions
DE112009002464T5 (en) 2008-10-15 2012-01-19 Unbekannter Antragssteller Composition for dust prevention and limitation of moisture resorption

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3367878A (en) Alkaline water-based cleaner
US5705472A (en) Neutral aqueous cleaning composition
CA1282666C (en) Demulsifying cleaning preparation having a prolonged surface-wetting effect
US4844744A (en) Liquid, phosphate-free single phase degreasing compositions
US3634338A (en) Method and composition for cleaning aluminum magnesiumand alloys thereof
KR100394601B1 (en) Tinned steel anti-corrosive cleaner
EP0804635B1 (en) Non-silicated soft metal safe product
US2802788A (en) Cleaning composition for automotive
EP0589761A1 (en) Thickened acid microemulsion composition
JP2007507607A (en) Method for pickling metal surfaces by using alkoxylated alkanols
CN102392263A (en) Metal cleaning agent
US5501816A (en) Aqueous based solvent free degreaser composition
CN109252176B (en) Stain-removing and rust-preventing two-in-one cleaning agent
EP0282863A2 (en) Liquid alkaline cleaning concentrates
CN103469237A (en) Metal oil contamination cleaner
US5196146A (en) Aqueous cleaning formulation containing a 2-piperazinone, method of using the same and concentrate for preparing the same
US6328816B1 (en) Composition and method for degreasing metal surfaces
CN108018573A (en) Metal surface oil-removing cleaning agent and its application method
CN110628519A (en) Water-based cleaning agent and preparation method and application thereof
US6156716A (en) Heavy duty degreaser cleaning compositions and methods of using the same
JP3514782B2 (en) Low residue cleaning agent
US2199712A (en) Method of cleaning and preparing metal for paint
CA2013431A1 (en) Microemulsion engine cleaner and degreaser
USRE26609E (en) Aluminum cleaning compositions
US2857298A (en) Composition and method for cleaning and phosphating metal