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US3367195A - Mechanical movement - Google Patents

Mechanical movement Download PDF

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Publication number
US3367195A
US3367195A US57519766A US3367195A US 3367195 A US3367195 A US 3367195A US 57519766 A US57519766 A US 57519766A US 3367195 A US3367195 A US 3367195A
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Prior art keywords
shaft
oscillator
turns
belt
portions
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
William A Racine
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BEVERIDGE SUSANNE L
JOHNSTON ELIETTE H
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William A. Racine
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H19/00Gearings comprising essentially only toothed gears or friction members and not capable of conveying indefinitely-continuing rotary motion
    • F16H19/02Gearings comprising essentially only toothed gears or friction members and not capable of conveying indefinitely-continuing rotary motion for interconverting rotary or oscillating motion and reciprocating motion
    • F16H19/06Gearings comprising essentially only toothed gears or friction members and not capable of conveying indefinitely-continuing rotary motion for interconverting rotary or oscillating motion and reciprocating motion comprising flexible members, e.g. an endless flexible member
    • F16H19/0622Gearings comprising essentially only toothed gears or friction members and not capable of conveying indefinitely-continuing rotary motion for interconverting rotary or oscillating motion and reciprocating motion comprising flexible members, e.g. an endless flexible member for converting reciprocating movement into oscillating movement and vice versa, the reciprocating movement is perpendicular to the axis of oscillation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/18Mechanical movements
    • Y10T74/18568Reciprocating or oscillating to or from alternating rotary
    • Y10T74/18832Reciprocating or oscillating to or from alternating rotary including flexible drive connector [e.g., belt, chain, strand, etc.]

Description

Feb. 6, 1968 w. A. RACINE MECHANICAL MOVEMENT 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed May 23, 1966 INVENTOR. Willa/m flllzmz'zze Feb. 6, 1968 w. A. RACINE 3,367,195

MECHAN ICAL MOVEMENT Filed May 23, 1966 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 (9;! L T/JH United States Patent 3,367,195 MECHANICAL MOVEMENT William A. Racine, Bridgewater, N.H. (P.O. Box E, Bristol, N.H. 03222) Continuation-impart of application Ser. No. 318,737,

Oct. 24, 1963. This application May 23, 1966, Ser.

4 Claims. (Cl. 7489.2)

This application is a continuation-inpart of application Ser. No. 318,737, filed Oct. 24, 1963, now abandoned.

This invention relates to mechanical movements of the type in which a rotor is driven by an oscillator through the medium of a belt in the form of a filament, string, wire, cable or other flexible connector. The rotor may comprise a shaft and the oscillator a drum. The periphery of the drum may extend through 360 or through only a segment of lesser extent and the belt has at least one complete turn around the shaft. In the case of a complete drum the belt may extend all the way around the drum and may or may not be attached to the drum at some point around its circumference. In the case of a segmental drum or reciprocating oscillator the belt is attached to the oscillator on opposite sides of the shaft. While the shaft may drive the oscillator, ordinarily the oscillator drives the shaft as in the case of a pressure gauge where the drum is actuated by a Bourdon tube and the shaft actuates a pointer.

Objects of the invention are to provide a movement of the type referred to which is simple and economical to produce, which is free from slippage, which has minimum friction, which produces no end thrust on the rotor, and which is durable and reliable in use.

According to this invention the movement comprises a shaft and an oscillator having a surface movable back and forth transversely of the shaft tangentially to the shaft, two belts each having a turn around the shaft with portions extending along the oscillator on each side of the shaft, said turns spiraling in opposite directions axially of the shaft so that the inner ends of the turns are closer together than the outer ends of the turns, the outer ends of the portions extending from said inner ends of the turns being connected to the oscillator at one pair of points and the outer ends of the portions extending from said outer ends of the turns being connected to the oscillator at a second pair of points farther apart than the other two points so that said portions are disposed at an angle to each other on both sides of said shaft, thereby to prevent the overlapping parts of each turn from rubbing on each other. The periphery of said shaft should be unobstructed adjacent said turns so that the turns may spiral back and forth lengthwise of the shaft as the oscillator moves back and forth. The sine of half 'said angle should be at least as great as the belt width divided by pi times the diameter of said shaft.

In a more specific aspect the movement comprises a rotor and a shaft having substantially parallel axes and a belt having a turn around the shaft with portions extending circumferentially of the rotor on each side of the shaft, the belt extending around the shaft spirally with adjacent parts of the spiral spaced apart to avoid friction between the parts. Preferably the peripheries of the rotor and shaft are substantially tangent so that the belt bears on the rotor from the line of tangency in each circumferential direction along the rotor, and the aforesaid portions of the belt are attached to the rotor on opposite sides of a plane perpendicular to the axis of the shaft at the aforesaid turn. In the preferred embodiment there are two belts and said portions of each belt are attached to the rotor at points on opposite sides of a plane perpendicular to the shaft at said turn and the points of attachment of cor-responding 3,367,195- Patented Feb. 6, 1968 ice portions of the two belts are located approximately equal distances on opposite sides of the planes respectively.

For the purpose of illustration typical embodiments of the invention are shown in the accompanying drawings in which FIG. 1 is a front view of a pressure gauge embodying the invention;

FIG. 2 is a bottom plan view of the gauge;

FIG. 3 is a section on the line 3-3 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a view like FIG. 1 showing a modification;

FIG. 5 is a view of the modification like FIG. 2; and

FIG. 6' is a diagrammatic view of the angle between the belts.

The particular embodiment of the invention shown in FIGS. 1 to 3 comprises a back plate 1 and a front L-shaped strap 2 secured to the back in spaced relation thereto by means of screws 3 and 4. A shaft 6 is journaled in the back 1 and strap 2. Pivotally mounted on shaft 7 between the back 1 and strap 2 is a segmental rotor 8 connected .at its upper end to a Bourdon tube 9. Fast to shaft 6 is a pointer 11 movable over a dial 12.

According to this invention two belts 13 and 14 each has one turn around the shaft 6 with portions extending circumferentially of the rotor on each side of the shaft, these portions being attached to the rotor by clamps 16 and 17 secured by screws 18 and 19. As shown in FIG. 1 the axes of the shaft 6 and rotor 8 are parallel and as shown in FIG. 3 the shaft and rotor are substantially tangent so that the belt bears on the rotor from the line of tangency in each circumferential direction along the rotor. As shown in FIG. 2 the aforesaid portions of each belt are attached to the rotor at points on opposite sides of a plane perpendicular to the shaft at the turn around the shaft. In FIG. 2 the two planes are indicated by broken lines 21 and 22. From this figure it is evident that the portions of the two belts on each side of the shaft are located equal distances on opposite sides of the planes respectively. Thus the right-hand portion of belt 13 is below the plane 21 and the corresponding portion of belt 14 is above the plane 22, while the left-hand portion of belt 13 is above the plane 21 and the left-hand portion of belt 14 is below the plane 22. By inclining the belts relatively to the shaft as aforesaid each belt extends spirally around the shaft so that the adjacent parts of each spiral are spaced apart to avoid friction between the parts, and by inclining the two belts in opposite directions the end thrust of one belt on the shaft counteracts the end thrust of the other belt.

The modification shown in FIGS. 4 to 6 is like that shown in FIGS. 1 to 3 except in that the oscillator 8a is straight instead of curved and it reciprocates lengthwise instead of rotating about an axis and in that the belts 13a and 14a are flat instead of cylindrical.

In FIGS. 5 and 6 w is the width of the belts, h is the dimension of the belts parallel to the axis of the shaft 6a and a is one-half the angle between the belts. The overlapping parts of each belt turn are prevented from rubbing one each other by making the angle between the belts at least sufficiently large that the sine of half the angle is equal to the width of the belts divided by the diameter of the shaft times pi For example, with a belt one-quarter inch wide, the angle should be at least 6.1" for a and 122 between the belts with a three-quarter inch shaft and at least 18.6 for a and 372 between the belts with a one-quarter inch shaft. In other words the lead of each helix should be greater than the width of the belt.

From the foregoing it will be evident that, as shown in FIGS. 2 and 5 the aforesaid turns spiral in the same direction circumferentially of the shaft but in opposite directions axially of the shaft so that the inner ends of the turns are closer together than the outer ends of the turns, the oscillator. and shaft being substantially tangent toeach other and said portions bearing on the oscillator from the line of tangency in each circumferential direction along the oscillator, said portions being attached to the oscillator at points on opposite sides of a plane perpendicular to the shaft between said turns.

It should be understood'that the present disclosure is for the purpose of illustration only and that this invention includes all modifications and equivalents which fall within the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A mechanical movement comprising a shaft and an oscillator having a surface movable back and forth transversely of the shaft tangentially to the shaft, two belts each having a turn around the shaft with portions extending along the oscillator on each side of the shaft, said turns spiraling in opposite directions axially of the shaft so that the inner ends of the turns are closer together than the outer ends of the turns, the outer ends of the portions extending from said inner ends of the turns being connected to the oscillator at one pair of points and the outer ends of the portions extending from said outer ends of the turns being connected to the oscillator at a second pair of points farther apart than the other two points so that saidpoaians aredisposed'at an'ang'le to each other on both sides of said shaft, thereby to prevent the overlapping parts of each turn from rubbing on each other.

2. A mechanical movement according to claim 1 wherein the periphery of said shaft is unobstructed adjacent said turns so that the turns may spiral back and forth lengthwise of the shaft as said oscillator moves back and forth.

3. A mechanical movement according to claim 1 wherein the sine of half said angle is at least as great as the belt width divided by pi times the diameter of said shaft.

4. A mechanical movement according to claim 3 wherein the periphery of said shaft adjacent said turns vis unobstructed so that said turns may spiral back and forth lengthwise of the shaft as said oscillator moves back and forth.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,263,404 4/1918 Green 78-89.2

2,195,400 4/ 1940 Arens 74-501 2,948,887 8/ 1960 Mounteer et al.

3,204,472 9/1965 Gorgens et al. 74---89.2

MILTON KAUFMAN, Primary Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. A MECHANICAL MOVEMENT COMPRISING A SHAFT AND AN OSCILLATOR HAVING A SURFACE MOVABLE BACK AND FORTH TRANSVERSELY OF THE SHAFT TANGENTIALLY TO THE SHAFT, TWO BELTS EACH HAVING A TURN AROUND THE SHAFT WITH PORTIONS EXTENDING ALONG THE OSCILLATOR ON EACH SIDE OF THE SHAFT, SAID TURNS SPIRALING IN OPPOSITE DIRECTIONS AXIALLY OF THE SHAFT SO THAT THE INNER ENDS OF THE TURNS ARE CLOSER TOGETHER THAN THE OUTER ENDS OF THE TURNS, THE OUTER ENDS OF THE PORTIONS EXTENDING FROM SAID INNER ENDS OF THE TURNS BEING CONNECTED TO THE OSCILLATOR AT ONE PAIR OF POINTS AND THE OUTER ENDS OF THE PORTIONS EXTENDING FROM SAID OUTER ENDS OF THE TURNS BEING CONNECTED TO THE OSCILLATOR AT A SECOND PAIR OF POINTS FURTHER APART THAN THE OTHER TWO POINTS SO THAT SAID PORTIONS ARE DISPOSED AT AN ANGLE TO EACH OTHER ON BOTH SIDES OF SAID SHAFT, THEREBY TO PREVENT THE OVERLAPPING PARTS OF EACH TURN FROM RUBBING ON EACH OTHER.
US3367195A 1966-05-23 1966-05-23 Mechanical movement Expired - Lifetime US3367195A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3488098A (en) * 1968-03-26 1970-01-06 Teletype Corp Motion translating device
US3596673A (en) * 1968-01-24 1971-08-03 Hoffmann La Roche Automatic transfer apparatus
US4483682A (en) * 1982-10-12 1984-11-20 Outboard Marine Corporation Linear power assist mechanism
US4614989A (en) * 1984-04-02 1986-09-30 Seagate Technology Helical band drive for disc storage apparatus
US4654736A (en) * 1984-04-02 1987-03-31 Seagate Technology Helical band drive for disc storage apparatus
US5105672A (en) * 1990-05-17 1992-04-21 Carson Donald G Rotary drive apparatus having one member with smooth outer peripheral surface

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1263404A (en) * 1917-03-20 1918-04-23 Edward G Kimmell Mechanical movement.
US2195400A (en) * 1936-06-05 1940-04-02 Charles A Arens Control mechanism
US2948887A (en) * 1955-06-06 1960-08-09 Giannini Controls Corp Pressure responsive instrument
US3204472A (en) * 1963-01-07 1965-09-07 Dresser Ind Tape drive for gauges and the like

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1263404A (en) * 1917-03-20 1918-04-23 Edward G Kimmell Mechanical movement.
US2195400A (en) * 1936-06-05 1940-04-02 Charles A Arens Control mechanism
US2948887A (en) * 1955-06-06 1960-08-09 Giannini Controls Corp Pressure responsive instrument
US3204472A (en) * 1963-01-07 1965-09-07 Dresser Ind Tape drive for gauges and the like

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3596673A (en) * 1968-01-24 1971-08-03 Hoffmann La Roche Automatic transfer apparatus
US3488098A (en) * 1968-03-26 1970-01-06 Teletype Corp Motion translating device
US4483682A (en) * 1982-10-12 1984-11-20 Outboard Marine Corporation Linear power assist mechanism
US4614989A (en) * 1984-04-02 1986-09-30 Seagate Technology Helical band drive for disc storage apparatus
US4654736A (en) * 1984-04-02 1987-03-31 Seagate Technology Helical band drive for disc storage apparatus
US5105672A (en) * 1990-05-17 1992-04-21 Carson Donald G Rotary drive apparatus having one member with smooth outer peripheral surface

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Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: BEVERIDGE, SUSANNE L., 141 LONG POND ROAD, PLYMOUT

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. AS TENANTS IN COMMON;ASSIGNOR:RAY, GEORGE T. JR., ADMINISTRATOR OF THE ESTATE OF WILLIAM A. RACINE, DEC D;REEL/FRAME:004537/0726

Effective date: 19860417

Owner name: JOHNSTON, ELIETTE H., 605 SOUTH STREET, HOLYOKE, M

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. AS TENANTS IN COMMON;ASSIGNOR:RAY, GEORGE T. JR., ADMINISTRATOR OF THE ESTATE OF WILLIAM A. RACINE, DEC D;REEL/FRAME:004537/0726

Effective date: 19860417