US3363926A - Locking mechanism for a door lock assembly - Google Patents

Locking mechanism for a door lock assembly Download PDF

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Publication number
US3363926A
US3363926A US45583065A US3363926A US 3363926 A US3363926 A US 3363926A US 45583065 A US45583065 A US 45583065A US 3363926 A US3363926 A US 3363926A
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United States
Prior art keywords
inner
knob
housing
outer
tube
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
William B Wilson
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AMEROCK Corp A CORP OF CT
NATIONAL LOCK CO
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NATIONAL LOCK CO
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Publication date
Application filed by NATIONAL LOCK CO filed Critical NATIONAL LOCK CO
Priority to US45583065 priority Critical patent/US3363926A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3363926A publication Critical patent/US3363926A/en
Assigned to AMEROCK CORPORATION, A CORP OF CT reassignment AMEROCK CORPORATION, A CORP OF CT ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. Assignors: KEYCON HARDWARE PRODUCTS, INC.
Assigned to KEYCON HARDWARE PRODUCTS, INC., 4835 LBJ FREEWAY, DALLAS, TX. 75234 A NV CORP. reassignment KEYCON HARDWARE PRODUCTS, INC., 4835 LBJ FREEWAY, DALLAS, TX. 75234 A NV CORP. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. Assignors: KEYSTONE CONSOLIDATED INDUSTRIES, INC.
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05CBOLTS OR FASTENING DEVICES FOR WINGS, SPECIALLY FOR DOORS OR WINDOWS
    • E05C1/00Fastening devices with bolts moving rectilinearly
    • E05C1/08Fastening devices with bolts moving rectilinearly with latching action
    • E05C1/12Fastening devices with bolts moving rectilinearly with latching action with operating handle or equivalent member moving otherwise than rigidly with the latch
    • E05C1/16Fastening devices with bolts moving rectilinearly with latching action with operating handle or equivalent member moving otherwise than rigidly with the latch the handle or member moving essentially in a plane substantially parallel to the wing or frame
    • E05C1/163Cylindrical or tubular latches
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/096Sliding
    • Y10T292/0969Spring projected
    • Y10T292/097Operating means
    • Y10T292/0977Cam
    • Y10T292/0982Bolt blocking or disabling means
    • Y10T292/0986Discrete push or pull actuator
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/096Sliding
    • Y10T292/0969Spring projected
    • Y10T292/097Operating means
    • Y10T292/0977Cam
    • Y10T292/0989Plural rollback elements directionally selectively effective
    • Y10T292/099On separate spindles

Description

Jan. 16, 1968 M w. B. WILSON 3,363,926

LOCKING MECHANISM FOR A DOOR LOCK ASSEMBLY FIG.I.

Filed May 14, 1965 i 43 1 WILLIAM B.W|LSON. 5 BY ATTORNEYS.

2 INVENTORQ akg' United States Patent 3,363,926 LOCKING MECHANISM FOR A DOOR LOCK ASSEMBLY William B. Wilson, Corona, Calif., assignor to National Lock Co., Rockford, Ill., a corporation of Delaware Filed May 14, 1965, Ser. N 0. 455,830 1 Claim. (Cl. 292-169) The present invention relates to an improvement in a door lock construction and especially to a novel locking mechanism for locking the outer knob and its cam tube against rotation and retraction of the latch bolt by actuating a push button in the inner knob of such a lock construction.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a novel locking bar having locking engagement when a floating push plate or follower for locking the outer knob and its cam tube against turning and opening of the door from the exterior when the closed door is locked by operation of a locking means such as a push button in the inner knob, whereby the occupant of a room is assured privacy until such occupant releases the locking means by turning of the inner knob.

In this novel embodiment, the locking bar or rod and the push plate or follower are so constructed and arranged that when the push button is depressed it moves the locking bar longitudinally into interlocking engagement with the push plate and in which position the locking bar is detachably retained in locked position in which it locks the outer cam tube and its outer knob against turning until the inner knob and its cam are turned, whereupon the push plate is actuated to release the looking bar whereupon the spring-biased locking bar is returned to unlocked position.

To engage the spring-biased locking bar and the push plate so as to retain the locking bar in its depressed position in which it locks the outer knob and its cam tube against rotation, the locking bar is notched along one edge to conformably receive in said notch and bridge the spring-loaded push plate which automatically drops into the notch when the locking bar is depressed and its notch is aligned with and receives the push plate.

Further objects are to provide a construction of maximum simplicity, efliciency, economy and ease of assembly and operation, and such further objects, advantages and capabilities as will later more fully appear and are inherently possessed thereby.

In the drawing:

FIGURE 1 is a view in horizontal cross section taken longitudinally through the completely assembled lock construction and showing the manner in which the latch bolt unit is mounted in the open face of the housing of the assembly.

FIG. 2 is a top plan view of the housing, the outer cam tube upon which the outer knob is mounted, and the inner sleeve for mounting the inner knob and the assembled push button.

FIG. 3 is an enlarged view in vertical cross section taken on the line 3-3 of FIG. 1 and viewed in the direction of the arrows.

FIG. 4 is a view in rear elevation of the push plate or follower.

FIG. 5 is a view in side elevation of a novel slidable 3,363,926 Patented Jan. 16, 1968 locking bar or rod actuated by a push button for look ing the outer knob and its cam against turning and retraction of the latch bolt.

The. present door lock assembly is of the type particularly adapted for use with a door of a bathroom, bedroom or other room where privacy is desired and ineludes an outer knob and cam tube adapted to be locked from the interior of the room by depressing a push button in the inner knob when the door is closed. When the push button is depressed upon closing the door, as when a person entering the room desires privacy, the outer knob is locked against turning although the inner knob may be freely turned to retract a latch bolt and permit opening of the door from the interior. This turning of the inner knob automatically releases the push button and the locking means so that the door may then be freely opened either from the interior or exterior by turning of either knob to retract the latch bolt.

The present lock assembly includes an outer knob 10 mounted at the exterior of a door 11 upon the outer end of a split cam tube 12, and an inner knob 13 mounted upon a split sleeve 14. The cam tube 12 is split longitudinally to provide an elongated slot 15 adapted to receive a detent 16 on the neck 17 of the outer knob for aligning and permitting ready sliding assembly of the outer knob 10 on the cam tube. This knob upon assembly may then be staked or anchored to the cam tube 12 at 18 or removably attached thereto in the same manner as the inner knob 13.

The inner knob 13 is detachably mounted on the split sleeve 14 also by means of a detent 19 conformably re ceived in a longitudinal slot 21 in the sleeve 14 and the inner knob held in place by a spring-pressed knob holder 22, the projecting end of which extends through a transverse slot in the sleeve 14. The knob holder 22 is springbiased to its extended anchoring position in a transverse slot 23 in the neck 24 of the inner knob 13, whereby the inner knob is detachably locked to and rotates the sleeve 14.

An inner concentric tube 25 is mounted within and encompassed by the sleeve 14 and extends through a substantial portion of the length of the cam tube 12 and the sleeve 14, the outer end of the sleeve 14 terminating adjacent the inner end of the cam tube, and the inner tube 25 is secured to the sleeve 14 by oppositely located and spaced tongues 26 bent inwardly from the body of the sleeve 14 and depressed into longitudinally extending slots 26 in the inner tube 25.

The assembled cam tube 12, inner concentric tube 25 and sleeve 14 are assembled in a stationary housing 27 (FIGS. 1 and 2) mounted in a conforming bore or opening in the door 11. The cam tube 12 at its outer end is provided with diametrically arranged slots 28 and intermediate its length with outwardly extending projections 29 providing spaced stops for locating the cam tube 12 in the housing 27. Adjacent its inner end the cam tube 12 is slotted to provide an indentation 31 depressed into a circumferential slot 32 in the inner tube 25 whereby these tubes 12 and 25 are connected together but permitted limited rotation therebetween so that the outer knob 10 and its cam tube 12, and the inner tube 25, the sleeve 14 and the inner knob 13 may be separately rotated through an arc of travel suiiicient to retract a latch bolt of a latch bolt assembly 33,

The cam tube 12 is deeply slotted or cut away and notched at 34 to provide spaced longitudinally extending camming edges 35 and to receive and permit limited rotation about a locking bar 36. The inner tube 25 is also slotted or cut away at 37 to provide spaced longitudinally extending carnming edges 38 with the slots 34 and 37 aligned to align the camming edges 35 and 58 within the housing 27.

The outer end of the inner tube 25 is provided with inwardly bent spaced flanges or projections 39 to partially close the end within the outer knob 16 and in the adjacent end of the inner tube are received in sequence a coil spring 11, a guide washer 42 and the inner end of the slidable locking bar 36. This locking bar is provided at its inner end where it projects into the slot 37 of the inner tube 25 and into the housing 27, with a laterally projecting leg 43 having spaced longitudinal projections 44 and 45, the projection 44 adapted to be received in an opening in the guide washer 42 for centering the inner or adjacent end of the locking bar 36.

The projection 45 and adjacent portion of the leg 43 are adapted to project into a slot 46 in the end plate or wall 47 and its externally threaded hub 48 of the housing 27. Intermediate its length the leg 43 is received within the longitudinal slot 15 of the cam tube 12 when the locking bar 36 is moved to its locked position against the compression spring 41. When the locking bar is released and spring-biased by the spring 41 toward the inner knob 13, this leg 43 moves out of the slot 15 of the cam tube 12, permitting this cam tube and the outer knob to be rotated to release the latch bolt 33.

To retain the spring-biased locking bar56 in its locked position upon being depressed an edge of" this locking bar 36 is notched at 49 with the opposite ends of the notch defined by the shoulder 51 adjacent but spaced from the rear of the projecting leg 43 and a spaced shoulder 52 to conformably receive therebetween the opposite ends 53 and 54 of a floating push plate or follower 55. Thus, when the spring-mounted push plate 55 enters the aligned notch 49 of the locking bar 36 upon the latter being depressed, this locking bar is retained in its depressed locked position in which the outer knob 16 and its cam tube 12 are held against rotation until the locking bar is released by turning of the inner knob 13.

To the other reduced end 56 of the locking bar 36 is secured a washer 57 and a bushing 58 mounting an encompassing push button 59 longitudinally movable in a conforming opening 61 in the inner knob 13.

The housing 27 is provided with the outer end plate 47 and at the other end with an inner end plate 62 having a hub 63, the projecting hubs 48 and 63 of these end plates providing spaced internal bearings for receiving and journalling the cam tube 12 within the housing. The substantially cylindrical or annular portion 64 of the housing 27 is aflixed to the end plates 47 and 62, with a portion of the housing cut away to provide a front opening defined by opposed inturned flanges 65 and 66 each having a projection 67. This annular portion 64- also has a pair of opposed inturned flanges or projections 68 bent inwardly to project into the housing and each forming a fulcrum about which the push plate or follower 55 is adapted to rock or pivot when actuated by turning of a free knob 10 or 13 through its connected tube.

This push plate or follower 55 has a flat outer surface 69 in contact with a spring-biased pusher or slide member 71 projecting rearwardly from the inner reduced end 72 of a stationary latch bolt housing 73 carrying at its outer end the spring-biased latch bolt. When the follower is rocked it depresses the slide member 71 and through retracting mechanism in the bolt housing 73 retracts the latch bolt.

As shown in FIG. 4, the push plate or follower 55 varies in width at its opposite ends 53 and 54 with the end 53 of greatest width having oppositely inturned or overlapping flanges 74, and the narrow end 54- also having oppositely inturned flanges 75, the flanges 74 and 75 being disposed at the rear thereof and contacted by the camrning edges 35 and 38 on the cam tube 12 and the inner tube 25, respectively. The outer ends of the flanges 74 provide enclosures each receiving and anchoring an end 76 of a coil spring 77 mounted in the housing 27, with the ends spring-biasing the floating push plate 55 to its neutral or inoperative position shown in FIG. 3, in which the flanges 74 and 75 contact the inturned flanges 68 of the housing 27. As either of these flanges 68 forms a fulcrum point for rocking movement of the push plate 55, rotation of a free knob in either direction will rock its carn tube and the push plate to retract the latch bolt.

In the present novel assembly, the stationary latch bolt housing 73 has its inner reduced end 72 provided with opposed notches each adapted to slidably receive a projection 67 at the open front of the housing 27 to detachably mount and retain the latch bolt assembly in operative position onto the housing.

To securely mount the housing 27 within the bore 78 in the door 11, an outer clamping plate 79 is shown threaded onto the threaded hub 48 of the outer end plate 47, and bears against the outer surface of the door. An outer ascutcheon 81 is then affixed to and encloses the clamping plate 79. An inner clamping plate 82 is slidably and adjustably mounted on the hub 63 of the end plate 62 after which the clamping plates 79 and 82 are joined by means of screws, bolts or other fastening means for securely clamping the housing 27 of the lock assembly in the door 11. An inner escutcheon 83 is then affixed to and encloses the inner clamping plate 82.

Although the floating push plate 55 is actuated by the cams 35 and 38 formed on the edges of the cam tubes 12 and 25 and thereby caused to pivot about the flanges or projections 68 inturned from the annular portion 64 of the housing 27, due to the construction and floating arrangement of the push plate 55 the latter can be pushed away and disengaged from the locking bar 36 independently of the cams 35 and 38.

The novel locking bar 36 which is shown in FIG. 1 in its inwardly depressed locking position upon depressing the push button 59, moves longitudinally across the rear of the push plate 55 in the space between the spaced inner ends of the inturned flanges 74 and 75. When the notch 49 in the locking bar 36 is moved into alignment with the push plate 55, the latter drops into the notch 49 and locks the outer cam 12 and the outer knob 10 against rotation. However, when the inner knob 13 and its cam tube 27 are again turned, the push plate 55 is pivoted and disengaged from the slot 4-9, releasing and permitting the spring-loaded locking bar 36 to disengage from the slot 46 in the end plate 52 of the stationary housing 27 whereupon the outer knob 10 and the cam assembly may be rotated freely and retract the latch bolt 33.

Having now disclosed the invention, I claim:

1. In a door lock assembly including an inner and an outer knob and a latch bolt, a stationary housing mounted in a door, a slotted cam tube having one end journalled in said housing and the outer knob anchored to the other end of said cam tube, a split sleeve upon which is mounted the inner knob, an inner tube projecting through said sleeve and housing and into said cam tube, means for connecting said inner tube to said sleeve whereby said inner knob, sleeve and inner tube rotate together, means for connecting said inner tube to said cam tube for limited relative rotation therebetween, camming means on both said cam tube and said inner tube for retracting said latch bolt, a spring-loaded floating push plate mounted in said housing and adapted to be rocked along either of its outer edges by rotation of either of said tubes, said push plate being generally flat and extending substantially diametrically across said housing, a spring-loaded and push buttonactuated locking bar slidably mounted in said inner tube and having a part adapted to be projected into and slidable in the slot of said cam tube when said bar is moved to.

its inner projected position by depressing the push button and in which projected position it engages a part on the stationary housing for retaining said slotted cam tube and its outer knob against rotation, said locking bar having a pair of spaced shoulders spaced by the length of the push plate and defining a notch therein spaced from said locking bar part and facing said push plate for receiving and bridging said push plate when the locking bar is in projected position, said shoulders cooperating With and engaging the edges of the push plate and retaining said locking bar against retraction until released by rocking of the push plate caused by turning of the inner knob said notch and said latch being on the same side of said locking bar.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS MARVIN A. CHAMPION, Primary Examiner. EDWARD C. ALLEN, Examiner.

JOHN R. MOSES, Assistant Examiner.

US45583065 1965-05-14 1965-05-14 Locking mechanism for a door lock assembly Expired - Lifetime US3363926A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4784417A (en) * 1986-01-31 1988-11-15 W & F Manufacturing, Inc. Door latch and deadbolt assembly
US6676178B2 (en) 2001-04-13 2004-01-13 Imperial Usa, Ltd. Door lock assembly having escutcheon with removable posts
US20050137614A1 (en) * 2003-10-08 2005-06-23 Porter Christopher H. System and method for connecting implanted conduits
US20060064159A1 (en) * 2003-10-08 2006-03-23 Porter Christopher H Device and method for vascular access
US8079973B2 (en) 2008-03-05 2011-12-20 Hemosphere Inc. Vascular access system
USRE44639E1 (en) 1997-02-07 2013-12-10 Hemosphere, Inc. Hemodialysis and vascular access system
US9278172B2 (en) 2011-09-06 2016-03-08 Cryolife, Inc. Vascular access system with connector

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1991031A (en) * 1928-11-10 1935-02-12 Schlage Lock Co Doorlock
US2361734A (en) * 1942-07-20 1944-10-31 Edwall J Baume Knob controlled night latch
US2829913A (en) * 1954-06-18 1958-04-08 Nat Lock Co Privacy door lock assembly
US2865667A (en) * 1956-10-03 1958-12-23 Schlage Lock Co Spindle mechanism for locks
US3128112A (en) * 1961-07-17 1964-04-07 American Hardware Corp Privacy lock set

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1991031A (en) * 1928-11-10 1935-02-12 Schlage Lock Co Doorlock
US2361734A (en) * 1942-07-20 1944-10-31 Edwall J Baume Knob controlled night latch
US2829913A (en) * 1954-06-18 1958-04-08 Nat Lock Co Privacy door lock assembly
US2865667A (en) * 1956-10-03 1958-12-23 Schlage Lock Co Spindle mechanism for locks
US3128112A (en) * 1961-07-17 1964-04-07 American Hardware Corp Privacy lock set

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4784417A (en) * 1986-01-31 1988-11-15 W & F Manufacturing, Inc. Door latch and deadbolt assembly
USRE44639E1 (en) 1997-02-07 2013-12-10 Hemosphere, Inc. Hemodialysis and vascular access system
US6676178B2 (en) 2001-04-13 2004-01-13 Imperial Usa, Ltd. Door lock assembly having escutcheon with removable posts
US20050137614A1 (en) * 2003-10-08 2005-06-23 Porter Christopher H. System and method for connecting implanted conduits
US20060064159A1 (en) * 2003-10-08 2006-03-23 Porter Christopher H Device and method for vascular access
US7762977B2 (en) 2003-10-08 2010-07-27 Hemosphere, Inc. Device and method for vascular access
US20110060264A1 (en) * 2003-10-08 2011-03-10 Hemosphere Inc. Device and method for vascular access
US8690815B2 (en) 2003-10-08 2014-04-08 Hemosphere, Inc. Device and method for vascular access
USRE47154E1 (en) 2003-10-08 2018-12-11 Merit Medical Systems, Inc. Device and method for vascular access
US8079973B2 (en) 2008-03-05 2011-12-20 Hemosphere Inc. Vascular access system
US9278172B2 (en) 2011-09-06 2016-03-08 Cryolife, Inc. Vascular access system with connector

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AS Assignment

Owner name: AMEROCK CORPORATION, 4000 AUBURN STREET, ROCKFORD,

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:KEYCON HARDWARE PRODUCTS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004260/0202

Effective date: 19840508

AS Assignment

Owner name: KEYCON HARDWARE PRODUCTS, INC., 4835 LBJ FREEWAY,

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:KEYSTONE CONSOLIDATED INDUSTRIES, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004276/0272