US3342028A - Method of producing an elastic core yarn - Google Patents

Method of producing an elastic core yarn Download PDF

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Publication number
US3342028A
US3342028A US49891565A US3342028A US 3342028 A US3342028 A US 3342028A US 49891565 A US49891565 A US 49891565A US 3342028 A US3342028 A US 3342028A
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core
rollers
elastic thread
thread
draft
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Matsubayashi Kanji
Morimoto Tadayoshi
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Kurashiki Rayon Co Ltd
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Kurashiki Rayon Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H51/00Forwarding filamentary material
    • B65H51/015Gathering a plurality of forwarding filamentary materials into a bundle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H51/00Forwarding filamentary material
    • B65H51/14Aprons, endless belts, lattices, or like driven elements
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/22Yarns or threads characterised by constructional features, e.g. blending, filament/fibre
    • D02G3/32Elastic yarns or threads ; Production of plied or cored yarns, one of which is elastic
    • D02G3/324Elastic yarns or threads ; Production of plied or cored yarns, one of which is elastic using a drawing frame
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2701/00Handled material; Storage means
    • B65H2701/30Handled filamentary material
    • B65H2701/31Textiles threads or artificial strands of filaments

Description

p 19, 1957 KANJI MATSUBAYASHI ETAL. 3,

METHOD OF PRODUCING AN ELASTIC CORE YARN Filed Oct. 20, 1965 I N VENTORS W0 7 my MJm w 0 nw M w (O L 5 Wm fl ATTORNEYS United States Patent 3,342,028 METHOD OF PRODUCING AN ELASTIC CORE YARN Kanji Matsubayashi and Tadayoshi Morimoto, Kurashiki,

Japan, assignors to Kurashiki Rayon Co., Ltd., Kurashiki, Japan Filed Oct. 20, 1965, Ser. No. 498,915 Claims priority, application Japan, Apr. 21, 1965, 40/231,598 4 Claims. (Cl. 57-163) The present invention relates to a method of producing core yarn using an elastic thread as the core.

Recently, various methods have been developed, in which by using a spinning frame the core is constituted from an elastic thread and any short fibers are wound around the core. For example, a method has been known, in which in a spinning process to obtain a spinning thread by spinning out any fibers to form the skin a drafted elastic thread to form the core is fed from the rear side of a nip point of front rollers and both threads are doubled and wound to effect a spinning, thereby an elastic core yarn is obtained.

However, in this process, it is necessary to provide an apparatus for drafting the elastic core thread in addition to the part for drafting the sliver for skin and still it is necessary to provide an apparatus for drafting again the the core yarn after spinning, so that the installation tends to become large. The thread thus obtained is not sufficiently stable in form and is not sufficiently set in elongation. It has heretofore been difiicult to spin out elastic core yarn without drafting the core.

After various investigations on the method of manufacturing a sufficiently elongated set core yarn by spinning the elastic yarn to be used as the core without drafting, while doubling with the other short fibers, the inventors have arrived at the invention.

The object of the invention is to provide a method of producing core yarn using an elastic core thread stable in form as the core in which by using the spinning frame, the second rollers of which have an apron type draft mechanism, the core is formed by the elastic thread and the other short fibers are wound around the core to effect spinning, which comprises feeding the 'core yarn to the rear side of the apron draft zone without positively drafting the elastic yarn in the draft zone.

For a better understanding of the invention reference is taken to the accompanying drawings, in which FIG. 1 shows a diagram of an example of mechanism for spinning the core yarn according to the invention; and

FIG. 2 shows an enlarged sectional view of an apron type draft mechanism shown in FIG. 1.

The spinning frame shown in FIG. 1 is a five line system spinning frame consisting of back rollers 1, 1', fourth rollers 2, 2, third rollers 3, 3', second rollers 4, 4' having an apron type draft mechanism, having aprons 5, 5', and front rollers 6, 6.

Firstly, spinning fibers to form a layer of skin which are wound on bobbins 9, 9' as roving 13, are supplied in one or several threads and drafted between each roller in the same manner as a conventional spinning frame.

On the other hand, elastic thread 12 to form the core is wound on bobbin 8, from which the elastic thread is delivered, fed to the rear side of the apron of the second rollers through tension control guides 7 and 7 and combined with the roving for skin to cover the elastic thread between said apron or between the second rollers and the front rollers without drafting positively and then twisted, after which the twisted threads are wound up on the bobbin 11.

In this case, the elastic thread to form the core, after being delivered from the bobbin is passed through to the tension control guides only and fed directly to the rear side of the second rollers, so that positive draft by means of draft roller is not imparted to the elastic thread.

The tension of the elastic thread is usually less than 0.8 g./d., and when the tension of said elastic thread is more than 1.3 g./d., the doubling effect of the roving and the elastic thread is decreased and excellent core yarn can not be obtained.

Furthermore, it is important that the elastic thread fed to the rear side of the second roller is not drafted positively between said apron draft zone or between the second rollers and the front rollers and particularly it is desirable to suppress the tension to 0.2 g./d. To this end, as seen in FIG. 2, it is necessary that the second rollers are constiuted in such a manner that the top roller 4' has a recess 10 in the center portion and in the nip point some degree of space is formed between the center portion of the apron and the surface of the top roller or between the surfaces of the top roller and bottom roller to nip thread having a size more than some degree, but substantially not to nip a fine thread.

In the draft zone having such a construction it is important that the roving is drafted, but the position to supply the elastic thread to form the core is not behind the nip point of the front rollers, but behind the second roller having the apron draft mechanism, and in this point, the elastic thread is supplied in such a manner that the short fibers such as roving are doubled sufiiciently with the elastic thread.

The reason why the second roller having the apron draft mechanism is selected as described above, is to increase the doubling effect of the elastic thread to form the core and the short fibers such as roving and by selecting such a draft mechanism, after the doubling, the elastic yarn is not substantially drafted, but only the spinning fiber is highly drafted, thereby the effect is obtained.

As the elastic thread to be used in the invention, use may be made of filament yarn having a high elastic elongation, such as a usual filament of polyurethane and polyolefin etc. and it is preferable to use polyurethane elastomeric thread set to an elongation of less than 150% by stretching the polyurethane elastomer having a molecular weight of 200 to 800, preferably, 500 to 5,000, and segment of melting point of less than C. which comprises reaction product of three components of a polymerdiol, an organic isocyanate and a chain extender of a diol to a stretch ratio less than the breaking elongation and then heat treating the elastomer at a temperature within the range of less than the melting point or resolving temperature of the elastomer and more than 50 C.

In the case of using a usual elastic thread as the core it is possible to obtain the core yarn having a stable form and a comparatively set elongation.

Furthermore, core yarn obtained by using elongation set polyurethane elastomeric thread as the core is very low in elongation and stable in form, but it is possible to obtain core yarn having a comparatively high elongation by heat treating again the core yarn at a temperature within the range of more than 50 C. and below the melting point or the resolving temperature of polyurethane elastomer under non-tension, after the spinning or further after weaving, because said elastomeric thread recovers the original elastic elongation.

Moreover, said polyurethane elastomeric thread varies the elongation set condition depending upon the heat setting time and when the time of treatment for the heat set is more than one second and less than several minutes, the elongation is recovered by a further heat treatment, but when the time of treatment is more than 30 minutes, even if a further heat treatment is carried out, the elonga tion is not recovered. Accordingly, by selecting polyurethane elastomeric threads heat set for appropriate time as the core, a core yarn having a high elongation or a core yarn having a low elongation can be produced optionally.

Furthermore, as the short fiber for the skin, use may be made of natural fibers and artificial fibers and the like and roving or sliver is used depending upon the draft ratio of the spinning frame used. They are fed in one thread or several threads simultaneously.

In the practice of the invention, a draft mechanism to draft the elastic thread to form the core is not necessary, but the conventional spinning frame can be used as such, thereby the core yarn used as the core can be produced simply and inexpensively.

Moreover, the draft control of the elastic thread was difiicult, because the elongation is high, but such an operation is not necessary. The core yarn thus obtained has a low elongation and good covering property of the layer of skin by means of other fibers and is stable in the form, so that it is suitable to produce knitted goods and woven fabrics.

The invention will be explained further in detail by the following examples:

EXAMPLE 1 A core yarn having the core of an elastic thread was spun under the following spinning condition.

Spinning condition Core: Elastic thread of polyurethane, d./ fila- The spinning frame used was a five line system spinning frame, and the gauge between the top roller and the apron of the second rollers was 2 mm.

Worsted count of yarn 30s Number of twist t./rn 672 Twist constant 122.5

The characteristics of the core yarn thus obtained are as follows:

Elongation "percent" 19.1 Single strand break factor g.. 408

EXAMPLE 2 Spinning condition Core: Elastic thread of polyurethane, d./ 10 filaments 40 Skin: Fibers of polyester, 2 roves- Roving weight ..g./m. 2 0.6 Fiber length mm 89 Size of fiber denier 3 Draft: Draft of fiber for skin- Between back rollers 1, 1' and fourth rollers 2, 2' 1.08 Between fourth rollers 2, 2' and third rollers 3, 3' 1.19 Between third rollers 3, 3' and second rollers 4, 4' 1.13 Between second rollers 4, 4 and front rollers 6, 6 27.96 All draft 40.6

The spinning frame used was a five line system spinning frame, and the gauge between the top roller and the apron of the second rollers was 2 mm.

Worsted count of yarn 20s Number of twist t./m 478 Twist constant 107.0

The characteristics of the core yarn thus obtained are as follows:

Elongation percent 19.1 Single strand break factor g.. 92

EXAMPLE 3 Spinning condition Core: Elastic thread of polyurethane, d./ 10 filaments 40 Skin: Fibers of polyester, 2 roves- Roving weight grain/ 30 yd. 2 Fiber length mm 51 Size of fiber denier 2 Draft: Draft of fiber for skin- Between third rollers and second rollers 1.46 Between second rollers and front rollers 19.78 All draft 28.90

The spinning frame used was a five line system spinning frame, and the gauge between the top roller and the apron of the second rollers was 2 mm.

Worsted count of yarn 36s Number of twist t./m 743 Twist constant 124.0

The characteristics of the core yarn thus obtained are as follows:

Elongation percent 18.0 Single strand break factor g 340 EXAMPLE 4 Spinning condition Core: Elastic thread of polyurethane, d./ 10 filaments 40 Skin: Fibers of polyester, 1 rove- Roving weight grain/30 yd. 1 330 Fiber length mm 51 Size of fiber denier 2 Draft: Draft of fiber for skin- Between third rollers and second rollers 1.51 Between second rollers and front rollers 21.52 All draft 32.6

The spinning frame used was a three line system spinning frame, and the gauge between the top roller and apron of the. second rollers was 0.8 mm.

Worsted count of yarn 32s Number of twist t./m 743 Twist constant 131.0

The characteristics of the core yarn thus obtained are as follows:

Elongation percent 18.2 Single strand break factor g 402 EXAMPLE 5 thread thus obtained, if the core thread was introduced behind the front rollers, covering property of the core thread was not sufficient and the core thread was partially exposed. However, according to the method of the present invention, if the core thread was supplied to the rear side of the apron draft zone, positive draft was not applied on the elastic thread and the covering property was excellent, and the core yarn without any exposed part of the core thread was obtained.

Spinning condition and property of the core yarn are as follows:

Core: 35 d./ filaments. Skin: Fibers of polyester, 2 roves Roving weight g./m 0.6 Fiber length mm 89 Size of fiber denier 3 Draft: Draft of fiber for skin- Between back rollers and third rollers 1.28 Between third rollers and second rollers 1.01 Between second rollers and front rollers 31.71 All draft 40.99

The spinning frame used was a four line system spinning frame, and the gauge between the top roller and the apron of the second rollers was 2 mm.

Worsted count of yarn 30s Number of twist t./m 672 Twist constant 122.5

The characteristics of the core yarn thus obtained are as follows:

Elongation percent 18.0 Single strand break factor g 408 In case of treating the above core yarn with hot water at 100 C. for minutes, shrinking percentage was 45% and elongation 68%.

EXAMPLE 6 Core: Elastic thread of said polyurethane, d./10

filaments 48 Skin: Fibers of polyester, 2 roves- Roving weight grain/30 yd 130 Fiber length mm 51 Size of fiber denier 2 Draft: Draft of fiber for skin-- Between back rollers and middle rollers 1.46 Between middle rollers and front rollers 19.78 All draft 28.90

The spinning frame used was a three line system spin- 6 ning frame, and the gauge between the top roller and the apron of the second rollers was 2 mm.

Worsted count of yarn 36s Number of twist t./m 744 Twist constant 124.0

The characteristics of the core yarn thus obtained are as follows:

Elongation percent 20.0 Single strand break factor g 364 In the above examples, the tensile strengths were determined by using pendulum type tensile tester (constantrate-of-traverse class machine), the experimental length of yarn being 50 cm. and the speed of traverse being 30 cm./min.

What we claim is:

1. A method of producing core yarn using an elastic thread as the core, which comprises drafting roving in a roller drafting Zone, feeding an elastic thread directly to the rear side of an apron drafting Zone together with the drafted roving, doubling the elastic thread with the roving from the roller drafting zone without drafting the elastic thread, and spinning both the elastic thread and the roving.

2. A method as claimed in claim 1 which comprises feeding the elastic thread while maintaining tension less than 0.2 g./d.

3. A method as claimed in claim 1 which comprises spinning out the elastic thread and the roving without drafting the elastic thread but drafting highly the roving in the apron draft zone.

4. A method as claimed in claim 1 which comprises feeding as the core polyurethane elastomeric thread set to an elongation of less than 150% by stretching polyurethane elastomer having a molecular weight of 200 to 800 and segment of melting point of less than C. and comprising the reaction product of three components of a polymer diol, an organic isocyanate and a chain extender of diol to a stretch ratio less than the breaking elongation, and then heat treating the elastomer at a temperature within the range of less than both the melting point and the breaking temperature of the elastomer and more than 50 C.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,076,270 4/1937 Harris 57163 2,859,583 11/1958 Parker 5736 2,990,673 7/1961 Adkins 5736 3,038,295 6/1962 Humphreys 57-152 3,115,745 12/1963 Lathem et al. 57163 3,257,793 6/1966 Abbott 57-163 FOREIGN PATENTS 13,939 1896 Great Britain. 850,059 9/ 1960 Great Britain.

STANLEY N. GILREATH, Primary Examiner. J. PETRAKES, Assistant Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. A METHOD OF PRODUCING CORE YARN USING AN ELASTIC THREAD AS THE CORE, WHICH COMPRISES DRAFTING ROVING IN A ROLLER DRAFTING ZONE, FEEDING AN ELASTIC THREAD DIRECTLY TO THE REAR SIDE OF AN APRON DRAFTING ZONE TOGETHER WITH THE DRAFTED ROVING, DOUBLING THE ELASTIC THREAD WITH THE ROVING FROM THE ROLLER DRAFTING ZONE WITHOUT DRAFTING THE ELASTIC THREAD, AND SPINNING BOTH THE ELASTIC THREAD AND THE ROVING.
US49891565 1965-04-21 1965-10-20 Method of producing an elastic core yarn Expired - Lifetime US3342028A (en)

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3527045A (en) * 1968-01-30 1970-09-08 Clutsom Penn Intern Ltd Production of yarns
US3789461A (en) * 1967-02-24 1974-02-05 Asahi Chemical Ind Apparatus for preparing spun yarn
US4002711A (en) * 1971-03-19 1977-01-11 Peters Timothy V Method for drawing polyurethane filaments
US4554121A (en) * 1980-08-18 1985-11-19 Akzona Incorporated Method of forming latent-contractable elastomeric composite yarns
US4711079A (en) * 1986-01-31 1987-12-08 Burlington Industries, Inc. Roving blending for making sheath/core spun yarn
US5383331A (en) * 1992-06-11 1995-01-24 Proctor; Charles W. Composite comprising staple fiber and filament yarn
WO1996018762A1 (en) * 1994-12-12 1996-06-20 Charles Wesley Proctor A composite yarn and a process for producing same
US5619848A (en) * 1995-08-09 1997-04-15 Prospin Industries, Inc. Method and apparatus for automatically removing an imperfection from spun filament yarn and staple fibers
US20100298747A1 (en) * 2008-11-26 2010-11-25 Lumos Inc. Body-adhesive kinesiology tape
US20110276040A1 (en) * 2008-11-26 2011-11-10 Lumos, Inc. Elastic strand for use in kinesiology tape
US20120137649A1 (en) * 2010-11-29 2012-06-07 Amann & Sohne Gmbh & Co. Kg Yarn, especially a thread or an embroidery thread as well as a method to produce such a yarn
US20160024692A1 (en) * 2013-09-09 2016-01-28 Central Fabrics Limited Core spun elastic composite yarn and woven fabric thereof
US10212987B2 (en) 2004-04-02 2019-02-26 Applied Biokinetics Llc Method of manufacturing an anatomical support system
US10299953B2 (en) 2004-04-02 2019-05-28 Applied Biokenetics Llc Material including pre-cut anatomical supports
US10617571B2 (en) 2008-11-26 2020-04-14 Kt Health, Llc Pre-cut strips of kinesiology tape

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2736658B1 (en) * 1995-07-11 1997-09-05 Snamo Sa Device for inserting a cord thread in a fiber core

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB189613939A (en) * 1896-06-24 1897-06-19 James Boyle Improvements in the Method of and Apparatus for the Manufacture of Yarns and Threads.
US2076270A (en) * 1935-08-15 1937-04-06 Harris Textile Machinery Corp Method of making covered elastic threads
US2859583A (en) * 1957-05-10 1958-11-11 Callaway Mills Co Apparatus for producing core yarns
GB850059A (en) * 1956-10-08 1960-09-28 Anciens Ets Cordonnier Improvements in or relating to textile yarns
US2990673A (en) * 1954-01-06 1961-07-04 Celanese Corp Process and apparatus for producing core yarns
US3038295A (en) * 1958-12-24 1962-06-12 Du Pont Elastic high-bulk yarn
US3115745A (en) * 1962-06-13 1963-12-31 Chadbourn Gotham Inc Method of drawing, covering and stabilizing synthetic elastomeric yarn
US3257793A (en) * 1963-12-26 1966-06-28 Abbott Machine Co Making core yarn

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB189613939A (en) * 1896-06-24 1897-06-19 James Boyle Improvements in the Method of and Apparatus for the Manufacture of Yarns and Threads.
US2076270A (en) * 1935-08-15 1937-04-06 Harris Textile Machinery Corp Method of making covered elastic threads
US2990673A (en) * 1954-01-06 1961-07-04 Celanese Corp Process and apparatus for producing core yarns
GB850059A (en) * 1956-10-08 1960-09-28 Anciens Ets Cordonnier Improvements in or relating to textile yarns
US2859583A (en) * 1957-05-10 1958-11-11 Callaway Mills Co Apparatus for producing core yarns
US3038295A (en) * 1958-12-24 1962-06-12 Du Pont Elastic high-bulk yarn
US3115745A (en) * 1962-06-13 1963-12-31 Chadbourn Gotham Inc Method of drawing, covering and stabilizing synthetic elastomeric yarn
US3257793A (en) * 1963-12-26 1966-06-28 Abbott Machine Co Making core yarn

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3789461A (en) * 1967-02-24 1974-02-05 Asahi Chemical Ind Apparatus for preparing spun yarn
US3527045A (en) * 1968-01-30 1970-09-08 Clutsom Penn Intern Ltd Production of yarns
US4002711A (en) * 1971-03-19 1977-01-11 Peters Timothy V Method for drawing polyurethane filaments
US4554121A (en) * 1980-08-18 1985-11-19 Akzona Incorporated Method of forming latent-contractable elastomeric composite yarns
US4711079A (en) * 1986-01-31 1987-12-08 Burlington Industries, Inc. Roving blending for making sheath/core spun yarn
US5383331A (en) * 1992-06-11 1995-01-24 Proctor; Charles W. Composite comprising staple fiber and filament yarn
US5568719A (en) * 1992-06-11 1996-10-29 Prospin Industries, Inc. Composite yarn including a staple fiber covering a filament yarn component and confining the filament yarn component to a second thickness that is less than a first thickness of the filament in a relaxed state and a process for producing the same
WO1996018762A1 (en) * 1994-12-12 1996-06-20 Charles Wesley Proctor A composite yarn and a process for producing same
US5619848A (en) * 1995-08-09 1997-04-15 Prospin Industries, Inc. Method and apparatus for automatically removing an imperfection from spun filament yarn and staple fibers
US10299953B2 (en) 2004-04-02 2019-05-28 Applied Biokenetics Llc Material including pre-cut anatomical supports
US10212987B2 (en) 2004-04-02 2019-02-26 Applied Biokinetics Llc Method of manufacturing an anatomical support system
US20100298747A1 (en) * 2008-11-26 2010-11-25 Lumos Inc. Body-adhesive kinesiology tape
US20110276040A1 (en) * 2008-11-26 2011-11-10 Lumos, Inc. Elastic strand for use in kinesiology tape
US9308115B2 (en) 2008-11-26 2016-04-12 Kt Health, Llc Body-adhesive kinesiology tape
US10617571B2 (en) 2008-11-26 2020-04-14 Kt Health, Llc Pre-cut strips of kinesiology tape
US8720174B2 (en) * 2010-11-29 2014-05-13 Amann & Sohne Gmbh & Co. Kg Yarn, especially a thread or an embroidery thread as well as a method to produce such a yarn
US20120137649A1 (en) * 2010-11-29 2012-06-07 Amann & Sohne Gmbh & Co. Kg Yarn, especially a thread or an embroidery thread as well as a method to produce such a yarn
US20160024692A1 (en) * 2013-09-09 2016-01-28 Central Fabrics Limited Core spun elastic composite yarn and woven fabric thereof

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FR1457208A (en) 1966-10-28
DE1510713A1 (en) 1970-04-09
GB1139418A (en) 1969-01-08

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