US3338167A - Disintegrating training ammunition for firearms - Google Patents

Disintegrating training ammunition for firearms Download PDF

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Publication number
US3338167A
US3338167A US49963665A US3338167A US 3338167 A US3338167 A US 3338167A US 49963665 A US49963665 A US 49963665A US 3338167 A US3338167 A US 3338167A
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United States
Prior art keywords
conical
base
projectile
hollow cylindrical
hollow
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Jungermann Werner
Niemann Rudolf
Six Ludwig
Walther Willi
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KUKA AG
Original Assignee
Industrie Werke Karlsruhe Ausburg AG
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Priority to DEJ21459A priority Critical patent/DE1189890B/en
Priority to DEJ27230A priority patent/DE1227805B/en
Application filed by Industrie Werke Karlsruhe Ausburg AG filed Critical Industrie Werke Karlsruhe Ausburg AG
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3338167A publication Critical patent/US3338167A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F42AMMUNITION; BLASTING
    • F42BEXPLOSIVE CHARGES, e.g. FOR BLASTING, FIREWORKS, AMMUNITION
    • F42B14/00Projectiles or missiles characterised by arrangements for guiding or sealing them inside barrels, or for lubricating or cleaning barrels
    • F42B14/02Driving bands; Rotating bands
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F42AMMUNITION; BLASTING
    • F42BEXPLOSIVE CHARGES, e.g. FOR BLASTING, FIREWORKS, AMMUNITION
    • F42B8/00Practice or training ammunition
    • F42B8/12Projectiles or missiles
    • F42B8/14Projectiles or missiles disintegrating in flight or upon impact
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F42AMMUNITION; BLASTING
    • F42BEXPLOSIVE CHARGES, e.g. FOR BLASTING, FIREWORKS, AMMUNITION
    • F42B8/00Practice or training ammunition
    • F42B8/12Projectiles or missiles
    • F42B8/14Projectiles or missiles disintegrating in flight or upon impact
    • F42B8/16Projectiles or missiles disintegrating in flight or upon impact containing an inert filler in powder or granular form

Description

g- 29, 1967 w. JUNGERMANN ETAL 3,338,167
DISINTEGRATING TRAINING AMMUNITION FOR FIREARMS Filed Oct. 21, 1965 United States Patent DISINTEGRATING TRAINING AMMUNITION FOR FIREARMS Werner Jungermann, Karlsruhe, Baden, Rudolrf Niemann, Muellheim, Baden, Ludwig Six, Karlsruhe, Baden, and Willi Walther, Joehlingen, Baden, Germany, assignors to Industrie-Werke Karlsruhe Aktiengesellschaft, Karlsruhe, Baden, Germany, a corporation of Germany Filed Oct. 21, 1965, Ser. No. 499,636
Claims priority, application Germany, Dec. 24, 1964,
4 Claims. (Cl. 102-921) ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE In abstract form, the invention consists of a safety practice projectile constructed of two parts including a base member and a spitzer-shaped nose member formed of thin gilding metal and connected by mutually engaging conical contact surfaces tapering forwardly and outwardly in the direction of projectile travel so that the projectile will disintegrate immediately after leaving the muzzle of the weapon in which it is used.
The invention relates to training ammunition and particularly relates to a projectile comprising an elongated disintegrating bullet formed of a front part and a rear part between which is enclosed a core of metal powder whereby the connecting contact surface of the front part and the rear part is formed in such a manner that its sectional line in cross section may be a straight line inclined toward the center axis, somewhat similar as shown in the U.S. Patent No. 3,170,405 issued on Feb. 23, 1965.
It is the object of the present invention to increase the safety of the conical connection between the front part and the rear part of the bullet. This is achieved by arranging the conical connecting contact surfaces in such a manner that their diameters increase gradually toward the tip of the bullet, or in other words, by causing the conical contact surfaces to converge toward the rear end of the bullet, whereby the largest diameter is disposed in front or at least partly in front of the guide collar provided on the bullet, and in that the rear part of the bullet has no other connecting fissure leading to the chamber in which the metal powder core is contained. By this construction it is made sure that the conical connecting contact surfaces which constitute at the same time the closure or seal between parts of the bullet are not subjected to the high pressure and hot gases of the propulsive charge. In fact, the invention prevents an accidental opening or separation of the two parts of the bullet under the infiuence of the propulsive gases and that the projectile disintegrates prematurely, i.e. before it has left the barrel of the firearm.
It is another object of the invention to provide a projectile which disintegrates immediately after leaving the barrel of the firearm, and not a projectile which disintegrates on hitting a target.
The invention will now be discribed in more detail with reference to the accompanying drawings in which FIG. 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of the projectile, the two parts of which are connected along a conical surface which converges toward the rear end of the projectile, and
FIG. 2 is a modification of the projectile according to the present invention in which the connecting conical surfaces are disposed entirely within the guide collar of the projectile.
Referring to FIG. 1 of the drawing, the hollow nose part 1 of the projectile is connected with the open for- 3,338,167 Patented Aug. 29, 1967 ice ward end of the hollow cylindrical base part 2 of the projectile by means of mutually engaging conical surfaces 1a, 2a. The rear end of the base part 2 is closed by a wall 5. The chamber formed between the two hollow parts 1 and 2 is completely filled by three axially aligned metal powder cores 3, 3a and 31). A cylindrical collar 4 which with respect to the larger diameter of the conical surfaces In and 2a of the cone is positioned rearwardly, projects outwardly from the projectile, preferably from the hollow base member 2. Viewed from the bottom 5 of the projectile the conical contact surfaces 1a, 2a are located forwardly.
In the modified construction of the projectile as shown in FIG. 2 the conical contact surfaces 1a, 2a are positioned completely in the guide collar 6. Thereby is ensured that the mutually engaging surfaces are particularly long and therewith the seal is especially good and reliable. Both projectiles, that of FIG. 1 as well as that of FIG. 2, are inserted in the cylindrical neck 9 of a cartridge 7 and are secured therein.
The rounded tip portion 10 of the hollow nose part 1 is provided with a wall thickness which gradually increases toward the tip 11 and the inner wall of the tip is provided with a central recess 8 so as to resiliently cushion any impact on the tip.
On firing the projectile the hot and high pressure gases exert their pressure against the bottom 5 of the projectile and drive the projectile forward. Thereby the riflings of the barrel wall dig themselves into the guide collar 4 and 6, respectively, and this results in an especially strong and effective sealing oil of the propulsive gases. It has proven to be of advantage to make the guide collar at least 10 mm. wide, better even would be a width of 12 to 15 mm. In such a construction practically no propulsive gases are able to reach the conical joint.
What we claim is:
l. A projectile for training ammunition comprising an elongated disintegrating bullet formed of two parts, one part consisting of a hollow cylindrical base member closed at one end and open at its other end, said last named other end being provided with an inner conical surface converging toward said closed end, the other part of said bullet consisting of a hollow nose member provided with a hollow cylindrical portion of the same exterior diameter as said base member, said hollow cylindrical portion having its open end provided with an exterior conical surface which engages tightly the inner conical surface on said hollow cylindrical base member, said inner conical surface on said hollow cylindrical base member being formed in an outwardly projecting cylindrical collar formed on said bullet, said cylindrical collar covering in axial direction the entire axial width of said engaging conical surface, said united base member and nose member providing a single chamber therein, and said conical surfaces on said base member and hollow nose forming mutually engaging conical surfaces which are tapered forwardly and outwardly in the direction of projectile travel, and core means formed of metal powder having the shape of said chamber contained in said chamber, whereby the thin leading conical edge of said base member will be expanded by the air drag thereon when the projectile is discharged from a weapon.
2. A projectile according to claim 1, in which the wall thickness of the closed tip portion of said hollow nose member gradually increases toward the tip of said hollow nose member and that the inner wall of said tip is provided with a cylindrical recess.
3. A projectile for training ammunition comprising an elongated disintegrating bullet formed of two parts, one part consisting of a hollow cylindrical base member closed at one end and open at its other end, said last named other end being provided with an inner conical surface converging toward said closed end, the other part of said bullet consisting of a hollow nose member provided with a hollow cylindrical portion of the same exterior diameter as said base member, said hollow cylindrical portion having its open end provided with an exterior conical surface which engages tightly the inner conical surface on said hollow cylindrical base member, said conical surfaces on the base member and open end of said nose member forming mutually engaging conical surfaces tapered outwardly and forwardly in the direction of projectile travel, said inner conical surface on said hollow cylindrical base member being formed in an outwardly projecting cylindrical collar formed integrally with said hollow cylindrical base member, said united base mem- 15 her and nose member providing a single chamber therein, and core means formed of metal powder having the shape of said chamber contained within said chamber,
whereby the thin leading conical edge of Said base member will be expanded by the air drag thereon when the projectile is discharged from a weapon.
4. A projectile according to claim 1, in which the axial width of said cylindrical collar is at least 10 millimeters.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,146,712 9/1964 Maurer et a1. 1024l 3,170,405 2/1965 Jungermann et a1. l02-41 X FOREIGN PATENTS 577,930 6/1946 Great Britain.
621,280 1/1961 Italy.
BENJAMIN A. BORCHELT, Primary Examiner.
ROBERT F. STAHL, Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. A PROJECTILE FOR TRAINING AMMUNITION COMPRISING AN ELONGATED DISINTEGRATING BULLET FORMED OF TWO PARTS, ONE PART CONSISTING OF A HOLLOW CYLINDRICAL BASE MEMBER CLOSED AT ONE END AND OPEN AT ITS OTHER END, SAID LAST NAMED OTHER END BEING PROVIDED WITH AN INNER CONICAL SURFACE CONVERGING TOWARD SAID CLOSED END, THE OTHER PART OF SAID BULLET CONSISTING OF A HOLLOW NOSE MEMBER PROVIDED WITH A HOLLOW CYLINDRICAL PORTION OF THE SAME EXTERIOR DIAMETER AS SAID BASE MEMBER, SAID HOLLOW CYLINDRICAL PORTION HAVING ITS OPEN END PROVIDED WITH AN EXTERIOR CONICAL SURFACE WHICH ENGAGES TIGHTLY THE INNER CONICAL SURFACE ON SAID HOLLOW CYLINDRICAL BASE MEMBER, SAID INNER CONICAL SURFACE ON SAID HOLLOW CYLINDRICAL BASE MEMBER BEING FORMED IN AN OUTWARDLY PROJECTING CYLINDRICAL COLLAR FORMED ON SAID BULLET, SAID CYLINDRICAL COLLAR COVERING IN AXIAL DIRECTION THE ENTIRE AXIAL WIDTH OF SAID ENGAGING CONICAL SURFACE, SAID UNITED BASE MEMBER AND NOSE MEMBER PROVIDING A SINGLE CHAMBER THEREIN, AND SAID CONICAL SURFACES ON SAID BASE MEMBER AND HOLLOW NOSE FORMING MUTUALLY ENGAGING CONICAL SURFACES WHICH ARE TAPERED FORWARDLY AND OUTWARDLY IN THE DIRECTION OF PROJECTILE TRAVEL, AND CORE MEANS FORMED OF METAL POWDER HAVING THE SHAPE OF SAID CHAMBER CONTAINED IN SAID CHAMBER, WHEREBY THE THIN LEADING CONICAL EDGE OF SAID BASE MEMBER WILL BE EXPANDED BY THE AIR DRAG THEREON WHEN THE PROJECTILE IS DISCHARGED FROM A WEAPON.
US49963665 1962-03-17 1965-10-21 Disintegrating training ammunition for firearms Expired - Lifetime US3338167A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DEJ21459A DE1189890B (en) 1962-03-17 1962-03-17 Maneuver cartridge disintegrating projectile
DEJ27230A DE1227805B (en) 1962-03-17 1964-12-24 Maneuver cartridge disintegrating projectile

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US3338167A true US3338167A (en) 1967-08-29

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US25691963 Expired - Lifetime US3170405A (en) 1962-03-17 1963-02-07 Disintegrating training ammunition for firearms
US49963665 Expired - Lifetime US3338167A (en) 1962-03-17 1965-10-21 Disintegrating training ammunition for firearms

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US (2) US3170405A (en)
BE (2) BE670872A (en)
CH (1) CH402665A (en)
DE (2) DE1189890B (en)
DK (1) DK125445B (en)
GB (2) GB1003929A (en)
LU (1) LU49821A1 (en)
NL (3) NL6512574A (en)

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3385215A (en) * 1966-05-17 1968-05-28 Karlsruhe Augsburg Iweka Disintegrating training ammunition for firearms
US3477376A (en) * 1968-03-06 1969-11-11 Us Navy Missile nose cap
US3517619A (en) * 1967-02-08 1970-06-30 Karlsruhe Augsburg Iweka Practice ammunition,particularly target image ammunition
US3570406A (en) * 1967-05-31 1971-03-16 Dynamit Nobel Ag Practice cartridge for automatic firearms
US3916795A (en) * 1973-09-18 1975-11-04 Nederl Wapen & Munitie Disintegrating projectile
US4411200A (en) * 1977-08-12 1983-10-25 Dynamit Nobel Aktiengesellschaft Short trajectory round
US4603637A (en) * 1984-10-31 1986-08-05 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Air Force Variable density frangible projectile
EP0238818A1 (en) * 1986-03-21 1987-09-30 Werkzeugmaschinenfabrik Oerlikon-Bührle AG Sub-calibre projectile using kinetic energy
US4716835A (en) * 1986-05-23 1988-01-05 NWM de Kruithoorn B.V., Poeldonkweg Disintegrating projectile for cartridged maneuver ammunition
US4850278A (en) * 1986-09-03 1989-07-25 Coors Porcelain Company Ceramic munitions projectile
US4939996A (en) * 1986-09-03 1990-07-10 Coors Porcelain Company Ceramic munitions projectile
FR2649195A1 (en) * 1989-07-03 1991-01-04 Matra Manurhin Defense EXERCISE PROJECT FOR AUTOMATIC OR MANUAL ARMS
DE9204695U1 (en) * 1992-04-04 1992-07-02 Hetzel, Stefan, 5480 Remagen, De
EP0626555A1 (en) * 1993-05-25 1994-11-30 Manurhin Defense Practice projectile and method for fabrication
US5375529A (en) * 1991-10-18 1994-12-27 Snc Industrial Technologies Inc./Les Technologies Industrielles Snc Inc. Prefragmenting munitions
US6090178A (en) * 1998-04-22 2000-07-18 Sinterfire, Inc. Frangible metal bullets, ammunition and method of making such articles
US6640724B1 (en) 1999-08-04 2003-11-04 Olin Corporation Slug for industrial ballistic tool
US20080264290A1 (en) * 2005-02-16 2008-10-30 Saltech Ag Bullet
US20100212535A1 (en) * 2007-07-11 2010-08-26 Beal Harold F Traceable Frangible Projectile
US20100288255A1 (en) * 2006-03-10 2010-11-18 Jenson Martin W Apparatus, system, and method for launching a granular substance
US20160231095A1 (en) * 2014-12-04 2016-08-11 John M. Storm Limited range lethal ammunition

Families Citing this family (24)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
NL289777A (en) * 1962-03-17
NL302814A (en) * 1963-03-27
DE1216736B (en) * 1964-04-23 1966-05-12 Dynamit Nobel Ag Decay projectile for maneuver ammunition
US3242866A (en) * 1964-09-25 1966-03-29 Richard L Malter Primary and secondary projectile
DE1296999B (en) * 1965-12-31 1969-06-04 Dynamit Nobel Ag Practice cartridge
DE1273373B (en) * 1966-01-07 1968-07-18 Rheinmetall Gmbh Decay bullet for practice cartridges for handguns or machine guns
DE1578109C3 (en) * 1966-07-16 1973-09-27 Fa. Diehl, 8500 Nuernberg
US3650213A (en) * 1969-06-19 1972-03-21 Aai Corp Frangible filled-projectile ammunition
US3785293A (en) * 1970-12-31 1974-01-15 Aai Corp Practice ammunition
US3776137A (en) * 1971-09-24 1973-12-04 Aai Corp Projectile and cartridge arrangement
US3951070A (en) * 1972-11-29 1976-04-20 Abraham Flatau Non-hazardous ring airfoil projectile of non-lethal material
US3898932A (en) * 1972-11-29 1975-08-12 Abraham Flatau Non-hazardous ring airfoil projectile for delivery of non-lethal material
US3898933A (en) * 1973-03-21 1975-08-12 Haut Rhin Manufacture Machines Training bullet for fire arms
US4522126A (en) * 1984-01-11 1985-06-11 Morton Thiokol Inc. Gun launched IR cloaking device for vehicles
DE3532411C2 (en) * 1985-09-11 1989-08-17 Hoesch Ag, 4600 Dortmund, De
US5035183A (en) * 1990-03-12 1991-07-30 David Luxton Frangible nonlethal projectile
FR2736426B1 (en) * 1995-07-07 1997-08-08 Giat Ind Sa Projectile with shortened trajectory
US5880398A (en) * 1997-08-20 1999-03-09 Scientific Solutions Inc. Dual-purpose bullet
US6745698B2 (en) * 2002-02-14 2004-06-08 Doris Nebel Beal Inter Vivos Patent Trust Projectile jacket having frangible closed end
US7913626B1 (en) * 2007-07-17 2011-03-29 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Kinetic energy absorber
DE102011005389B3 (en) * 2011-03-10 2012-03-01 Metallwerk Elisenhütte GmbH Projectile for practice cartridges
US9157713B1 (en) 2013-03-15 2015-10-13 Vista Outdoor Operations Llc Limited range rifle projectile
US10048051B1 (en) * 2015-06-18 2018-08-14 Cutting Edge Bullets, LLC Firearm projectile
WO2019040873A1 (en) * 2017-08-24 2019-02-28 Nostromo, Llc Mid-body marking projectile

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GB577930A (en) * 1939-05-15 1946-06-06 Albert Edward Macrae Improvements in or relating to ammunition for small arms
US3146712A (en) * 1960-04-16 1964-09-01 Dynamit Nobel Ag Target practice ammunition of thermoplastic material
US3170405A (en) * 1962-03-17 1965-02-23 Karlsruhe Augsburg Iweka Disintegrating training ammunition for firearms

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US2304152A (en) * 1939-10-18 1942-12-08 Darden Neil Explosive projectile
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US2345619A (en) * 1941-06-27 1944-04-04 Wiley T Moore Projectile
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US3000309A (en) * 1943-01-30 1961-09-19 Zapf Louis Fragmentation projectile
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US3019733A (en) * 1957-05-21 1962-02-06 Harvey Machine Co Inc Projectile construction
US2991718A (en) * 1959-06-15 1961-07-11 Ralph M Ferguson Disintegrating ammunition for machine gun and cannon
US3022734A (en) * 1959-07-27 1962-02-27 Remington Arms Co Inc Shot shell wad
US2986091A (en) * 1959-08-31 1961-05-30 Ralph M Ferguson Disintegrating test ammunition

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB577930A (en) * 1939-05-15 1946-06-06 Albert Edward Macrae Improvements in or relating to ammunition for small arms
US3146712A (en) * 1960-04-16 1964-09-01 Dynamit Nobel Ag Target practice ammunition of thermoplastic material
US3170405A (en) * 1962-03-17 1965-02-23 Karlsruhe Augsburg Iweka Disintegrating training ammunition for firearms

Cited By (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3385215A (en) * 1966-05-17 1968-05-28 Karlsruhe Augsburg Iweka Disintegrating training ammunition for firearms
US3517619A (en) * 1967-02-08 1970-06-30 Karlsruhe Augsburg Iweka Practice ammunition,particularly target image ammunition
US3570406A (en) * 1967-05-31 1971-03-16 Dynamit Nobel Ag Practice cartridge for automatic firearms
US3477376A (en) * 1968-03-06 1969-11-11 Us Navy Missile nose cap
US3916795A (en) * 1973-09-18 1975-11-04 Nederl Wapen & Munitie Disintegrating projectile
US4411200A (en) * 1977-08-12 1983-10-25 Dynamit Nobel Aktiengesellschaft Short trajectory round
US4603637A (en) * 1984-10-31 1986-08-05 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Air Force Variable density frangible projectile
US4753172A (en) * 1986-03-21 1988-06-28 Werkzeugmaschinenfabrik Oerlikon-Buhrle Ag Kinetic energy sabot projectile
EP0238818A1 (en) * 1986-03-21 1987-09-30 Werkzeugmaschinenfabrik Oerlikon-Bührle AG Sub-calibre projectile using kinetic energy
US4716835A (en) * 1986-05-23 1988-01-05 NWM de Kruithoorn B.V., Poeldonkweg Disintegrating projectile for cartridged maneuver ammunition
US4850278A (en) * 1986-09-03 1989-07-25 Coors Porcelain Company Ceramic munitions projectile
US4939996A (en) * 1986-09-03 1990-07-10 Coors Porcelain Company Ceramic munitions projectile
FR2649195A1 (en) * 1989-07-03 1991-01-04 Matra Manurhin Defense EXERCISE PROJECT FOR AUTOMATIC OR MANUAL ARMS
EP0407288A1 (en) * 1989-07-03 1991-01-09 Manurhin Defense Training projectile for an automatically or hand-operated firearm
US5375529A (en) * 1991-10-18 1994-12-27 Snc Industrial Technologies Inc./Les Technologies Industrielles Snc Inc. Prefragmenting munitions
DE9204695U1 (en) * 1992-04-04 1992-07-02 Hetzel, Stefan, 5480 Remagen, De
EP0626555A1 (en) * 1993-05-25 1994-11-30 Manurhin Defense Practice projectile and method for fabrication
US5505137A (en) * 1993-05-25 1996-04-09 Manurhin Defense Practice projectile
FR2705772A1 (en) * 1993-05-25 1994-12-02 Manurhin Defense Exercise projectile.
US6263798B1 (en) 1998-04-22 2001-07-24 Sinterfire Inc. Frangible metal bullets, ammunition and method of making such articles
US6090178A (en) * 1998-04-22 2000-07-18 Sinterfire, Inc. Frangible metal bullets, ammunition and method of making such articles
US6640724B1 (en) 1999-08-04 2003-11-04 Olin Corporation Slug for industrial ballistic tool
US20040200340A1 (en) * 1999-08-04 2004-10-14 Robinson Peter W. Slug for industrial ballistic tool
US7159519B2 (en) 1999-08-04 2007-01-09 Olin Corporation Slug for industrial ballistic tool
US7328658B2 (en) 1999-08-04 2008-02-12 Olin Corporation Slug for industrial ballistic tool
US20110017050A1 (en) * 1999-08-04 2011-01-27 Robinson Peter W Slug for industrial ballistic tool
US7891299B2 (en) 1999-08-04 2011-02-22 Olin Corporation Slug for industrial ballistic tool
US20080264290A1 (en) * 2005-02-16 2008-10-30 Saltech Ag Bullet
US8117967B2 (en) * 2005-02-16 2012-02-21 Saltech Ag Bullet
US8196571B2 (en) 2006-03-10 2012-06-12 Jenson Martin W Apparatus, system, and method for launching a granular substance
US20100288255A1 (en) * 2006-03-10 2010-11-18 Jenson Martin W Apparatus, system, and method for launching a granular substance
US20100212535A1 (en) * 2007-07-11 2010-08-26 Beal Harold F Traceable Frangible Projectile
US20160231095A1 (en) * 2014-12-04 2016-08-11 John M. Storm Limited range lethal ammunition

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB1003929A (en) 1965-09-08
BE627704A (en)
LU49821A (en)
LU49821A1 (en) 1966-01-11
CH402665A (en) 1965-11-15
DE1189890B (en) 1965-03-25
US3170405A (en) 1965-02-23
DK125445B (en) 1973-02-19
DE1227805B (en) 1966-10-27
GB1088068A (en) 1967-10-18
NL6512574A (en) 1966-06-27
NL289777A (en)
NL135092C (en)
BE670872A (en) 1966-04-13

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