US3332348A - Non-lethal method and means for delivering incapacitating agents - Google Patents

Non-lethal method and means for delivering incapacitating agents Download PDF

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US3332348A
US3332348A US428020A US42802065A US3332348A US 3332348 A US3332348 A US 3332348A US 428020 A US428020 A US 428020A US 42802065 A US42802065 A US 42802065A US 3332348 A US3332348 A US 3332348A
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shell
disseminators
spin
layers
submunitions
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Jack A Myers
Clayton E Panlaqui
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Jack A Myers
Clayton E Panlaqui
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F42AMMUNITION; BLASTING
    • F42BEXPLOSIVE CHARGES, e.g. FOR BLASTING, FIREWORKS, AMMUNITION
    • F42B12/00Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material
    • F42B12/02Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect
    • F42B12/36Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect for dispensing materials; for producing chemical or physical reaction; for signalling ; for transmitting information
    • F42B12/46Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect for dispensing materials; for producing chemical or physical reaction; for signalling ; for transmitting information for dispensing gases, vapours, powders or chemically-reactive substances
    • F42B12/50Projectiles, missiles or mines characterised by the warhead, the intended effect, or the material characterised by the warhead or the intended effect for dispensing materials; for producing chemical or physical reaction; for signalling ; for transmitting information for dispensing gases, vapours, powders or chemically-reactive substances by dispersion

Description

July 25, 1967 MYERS ET AL NON-LETHAL METHOD AND MEANS FOR DELIVERING INCAPACITATING AGENTS Filed Jan. 22,

2 Sheets-Sheet l FIG.

E L U D O M M 5 2 II s w R Q 0 A T L N N Efi n V P E VI. ME N T KY CA L JCM 28/ FIG. 2.

July 25, 1967 MYERS ET AL NON-LETHAL METHOD AND MEANS FOR DELIVERING INCAPACITATING AGENTS Filed Jan. 22, 1965 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 MODULE 9 S w 2 2 M T L N N w ,RD. NF. I Y E M N A0 T- K Y CA A L JC FIG. 4.

Patented July 25, 1967 3,332,348 N ON-LETHAL METHOD AND MEANS FOR DE- LIVERING IN CAPACITATING AGENTS Jack A. Myers and Clayton E. Panlaqui, Ridgecrest,

Calif, assignors to the United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy Filed Jan. 22, 1965, Ser. No. 428,020 2 Claims. (Cl. 1026) The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States of America for governmental purposes without the payment of any royalties thereon or therefor.

The present invention relates generally to non-lethal chemical dispensers, and more particularly to a device which may be mass-dropped or delivered as a cluster from aircraft, in a non-lethal manner, for saturating a given personnel-populated area with a selected non-letha1 incapacitating or chemical agent.

In many instances it becomes necessary to utilize incapacitating agents, such as tear gas, for example, against personnel, which may include a mixture of both friendly and unfriendly personnel, actively engaged in undesired activities. These situations may arise in the areas of civil disorders. and insurgency as well as in open warfare. In situations wherein insurgents are involved, it becomes difficult to distinguish between insurgents and those individuals owing allegiance to a duly constituted state or its police force. In simple civil disorder, it often becomes necessary to quell civilian riots. These situations require the use of techniques wherein lethal weapons cannot be employed due to the inherent probability that the innocent and State forces may be injured or killed along with the disorderly personnel. Consequently, in many areas it becomes necessary to employ non-lethal means delivered in a non-lethal manner for temporarily incapacitating combatants, without regard to their allegiance, in order that physical control may be imposed and order established.

It has heretofore been the common practice to utilize grenade mortars, and the like, of a type which are adapted to fire activated gas generating canisters into a group of combatants for causing the participants to disperse. However, this frequently leads to increased anger and/or to further violence due to an inability to properly saturate a wide area in a timely manner for effectively incapacitating the combatants.

Prior to the present invention, aerial chemical dispensing techniques have failed to satisfy the existing needs, due to several inherent disadvantages. For example, if an aerial spray-tank is utilized, a limited selected area normally cannot be properly saturated at ground level due to dispersion of the chemical before it becomes effective. On the other hand, if activated canisters are air-dropped into a group or mass of participating combatants the canisters must necessarily be of a large mass and consequently act as lethal missiles capable of developing undesired force as they fall to the ground. If the canisters comprise a mass insufficient for developing a lethal force, the canisters tend to burnout before they reach the ground, or shortly thereafter, without performing their function of incapacitating the combatants. Further, it will be appreciated that uniform and widespread dispersion is required of any system, utilized under these circumstances, in order for a practically selected area to be uniformly saturated with a selected incapacitating agent. Therefore, techniques which utilize parachutes also fail to fulfill existing needs, due in part to a lack of control over the pattern and location of grenade impact, as the overall size of the grenades or canisters and the time required for effecting a delivery thereof impose undesired limitations on the use of such techniques in delivering certain chemical agents.

It is therefore the purpose of the present invention to provide an aerial technique and device for effectively saturating a given personnel-populated area with incapacitating agents in a non-lethal manner.

Briefly, the instant invention employs self-dispersing munitions or bomblets formed of a lightweight frangible material filled with submunitions or chemical disseminators each containing a deflagrating compound which develops a cloud of selected gas or the like when activated. The munitions each include means for imparting lateral displacement to the munition as it is caused to descend in initial free-fall descent so that a large group of the munitions may be dropped from a single aircraft and caused to undergo widespread dispersion. Further, each munition includes means for simultaneously igniting the deflagrating compound of the submunitions contained therein and initiating a fragmentation of the munition at a preselected altitude, whereby the ignited submunitions may be released for terminal free-fall descent. Each submunition is of a mass which is insuflicient for developing a determinable lethal force suliicient for inflicting serious injury to personnel struck by the activated falling disseminators 0r submunitions. The submunitions, or disseminators, further include means which impart aerodynamic drag and lateral dispersion thereto, after the release thereof, so that the disseminators may be caused to impact in a widespread pattern over a selected area to develop a chemical cloud of substantially uniform density throughout the selected area.

An object of the instant invention is to provide a method and means for delivering and disseminating a non-lethal chemical gas in a non-lethal mode over a personnelpopulated area.

Another object is to provide a means for delivering relatively small and activated chemical dispensers from airborne vehicles in a manner which substantially obviates personnel casualties resulting from delivery of the dispensers at impact areas.

A further object is to provide a method and mean-s for controlling mob-violence.

Yet a further object is to provide a method and means for incapacitating personnel without inflicting serious bodily harm thereto.

Other objects, advantages and novel features of the' invention will become apparent from the following de tailed description of the invention when considered in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein:

FIG. 1 comprises a schematic view illustrating an operation utilizing the method and device of the instant invention;

FIG. 1A comprises a perspective view of the module shown in the schematic view of FIG. 1.

FIG. 2 comprises a partially sectioned side elevation of the munition of the instant invention;

FIG. 3 comprises -a partially sectioned end view of the munition of FIG. 2, illustrating an arrangement for the submunitions disposed therein, and its disposition within a given module;

FIG. 4 comprises a cross-sectional view of the munition of FIG. 3, taken generally alonge lines 4-4 of FIG. 3; and

FIG. 5 comprises a partially sectioned side elevation of one of the submunitions of FIGS. 1 through 4.

Turning now to the drawings, wherein like reference characters design-ate like or corresponding parts throughout the several views, there is shown in FIG. 1 a bomb rack portion of an aircraft A having mounted thereon a dispenser D, of the type more particularly described in copending application Ser. No. 415,828, filed Dec. 3, 1964.

It sufiices to understand that the dispensers =D serve to,

eject a plurality of modules, designated MODULE,

formed of a frangible material, of a type which is subject to being broken-up by an impinging airstream, containing a plurality of self-dispersing bomblets or munitions M. The munitions M are subsequently fragmented to release submunitions Sm. The submunitions Sm ignite and then disperse, as they fall in a free-fall, giving Off an incapacitating agent in the form of a gas to thus effectively saturate a given target area with a cloud of gas of uniform density.

Each munition M, FIG. 2, includes a thin walled tubular shell formed of a lightweight frangible material, such as plastic, for example. The outer surface of the shell 10 is provided with a plurality of parallel, longitudinally directed, and laterally extending fins 11, commonly referred to as spin-up vanes. Each of the fins 11 is provided with a camber which serves to impart a rate of rotation to the associated munition M and cause the munitions to be laterally displaced as they descend in an initial freefall mode, after the break-up of the module. This rate of rotation also may be utilized to arm the munitions in a manner as will hereinafter be more fully set forth.

The submunitions Sm' each comprise a cup-shaped container or dispenser 20 formed of thin, lightweight container material, such as aluminum, for example, having one end open while the other is closed, except for a concentric opening 21, better shown in FIGS. 4 and 5. Each container 20 is provided with a plurality of external fins 24), FIG. 3, similar to fiins 11, in design and purpose, and is filled with a solidified deflagrating compound 22, which is of a type deemed suitable for sustaining combustion in order to give off a desired gas. Extending through the solidified compound 22, and in coaxial alignment with opening 21, there is a cylindrical opening 23. Hence, it is to be understood that each submunition Sm includes a concentrically aligned cylindrical opening extending therethrough, and being partially defined by the solidified deflagrating compound 22. If desired, each cylindrical opening may be coated with an ignition compound 22 to assist in igniting the compound 22. The particular compound utilized as an ignition compound may be varied so long as it is compatible with the other compounds employed.

The submunitions Sm are stacked in pairs of adjacent layers within the munitions M in a manner such that the cylindrical openings of the submunitions of the adjacent layers are coaxially aligned. The containers 20 of one layer, of the pairs of adjacent layers, are inverted with respect to the containers 20 of the other layer in a manner such that the open ends of the containers 20 of one layer of the pair of layers are caused to face the open end of the containers 20 of the other or adjacent layer of the pair, as more clearly illustrated in FIG. 4. Arranged between the open ends of the containers of the adjacent layers is a flat sheet 24 formed of a combustible compound or composition. Surrounding each of the submunitions Sm of each layer there is a solid ordnance composition 25 or combustible compound. Hence, it will be appreciated that when the composition 25, or a sheet 24 is ignited, an ignition flash is projected through the openings 23 for igniting the coating 22' and ultimately the composition 22. Here again, it will be appreciated that the various compounds employed may be varied, as found desirable, and is deemed to be within the purview of the art.

Mounted within each munition is a spin-arm fuze 26, which is of a type suitable for aligning a firing-mechanism once the munition is rotated at a given rate, and is also well-known in the art. Disposed in alignment between one sheet 24 and the fuze 26 there is an ordnance booster charge of a type which will explode in response to an activation of the fuze 26, and subsequently initiate a combustion of the adjacent sheet of ordnance material 24.

In order to seal the munition M, there is provided at each end thereof a flanged cap 28 secured in place by an internal expansion lock ring 29, which serves to engage the flange of the adjacent cap 28 and force it outwardly into a locking and sealing engagement with the adjacent wall 10. However, various means may be employed to seal the ends of the munitions M.

In assembly, the individual, open-ended containers 20 are substantially filled with a deflagrating composition 22 of a type selected upon the basis of the specific gas to be generated as the composition is burned. A cylindrical opening 23 is formed through each filled container. The walls thereof are then coated with a layer or coating 22' of pyrotechnic material, which may be flashignited for initiating the composition 22. The thus formed submunitions Sm are then deposited in inverted layers and confined within the walls 10 of the munitions M. A selected ordnance composition 25 is then placed in the interstice about the submunitions Sm. The layers are arranged in a manner such that the open ends of the submunitions Sm of the endmost layers are directed inwardly while the submunitions of the adjacent layers are directed outwardly, as illustrated in FIG. 4. A flat sheet 24 of an ordnance material is arranged between the layers or the open ends of the submunitions Sm. A spin-arm fuze 26 and a booster charge 27 is disposed and arranged within one endmost layer of submunitions Sm in an abutting relationship with one of the sheets 24. The ends of the thus assembled munitions M are now sealed by caps 28.

The assembled munitions M are now inserted into preformed modules in order that they may be mass-dropped from an airborne vehicle over a selected target area. Once the modules are ejected for free-fall from an aircraft, the impinging airstream acting thereon causes the modules to disintegrate for releasing the munitions M, FIG. 1. The airstream now impinges on fins 11 and serves to impart a rate of rotation to the munitions M, about the longitudinal axis thereof. Since the rate of rotation may be approximately determined for a given distance of freefall displacement, the spin-arm fuze 26 may be adjusted to align the firing-train thereof at approximately a predetermined altitude for thus arming the fuze. Once the fuze 26 is armed it is initiated by any suitable means, such as a spring-loaded mechanism, for example. When the fuze 26 is initiated, the booster charge 27 fires downwardly against the adjacent sheet 24 and through the coaxially aligned openings 23. As the sheet 24 is initiated it flashes outwardly for initiating the composition 25 and flashes" downwardly through the remaining openings 23. As the sheet 24 flashes through the openings 23, the coating 22 is ignited, whereupon the deflagrating composition 22 is ignited in response thereto. It will be appreciated that all of the sheets 24 are ultimately and substantially simultaneously initiated, whereupon all of the submunitions Sm of each munition M may be simultaneously activated. In response to the gases generated by the firing of the pyrotechnic material throughout each munition M, the walls 10 thereof tend to disintegrate or fracture into very small masses, whereby the initial portion of free-fall for the munitions M is thus terminated. As the walls 10 disintegrate the activated submunitions Sm are released from the munition M for terminal free-fall descent. As the fins 20' of the submunitions Sm are acted upon by the inherently present airstream, the submunitions Sm have a rate of rotation imparted thereto. This rotation imparts a widespread lateral dispersion of the submunitions Sm as they descend in terminal free-fall descent. Further, the airstream acting on the fins 20' serves to impose an aerodynamic drag upon the falling submunitions Sm, consequently, the force with which the submunitions Sm strike the impact area may be determined and controlled. Hence, the impact force may be restrained to a non-lethal level, particularly since lethal force has been determined through experimentation.

It is to be understood that the submunitions Sm are activated at an altitude which is suitable for affording a continued burning of the deflagrating compound at ground level. Therefore, a low-lying, uniform cloud of gas may be established over the target or impact area without inflicting serious injury to personnel located therewithin.

Obviously many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in the light of the above teachings. It is therefore to be understood that within the scope of the appended claims the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically described.

What is claimed is:

1. A free fall chemical agent dispensing device, comprising;

(a) a cylindrical bomblet shell formed of low density material having a plurality of longitudinally extending angularly spaced vanes extending from its outer surface so constructed to impart aerodynamic drag and dispersion to the shell and to spin it about its longitudinal axis,

(b) a plurality of parallel layers of agent disseminators disposed within the shell, each layer comprising a plurality of disseminators grouped around a central disseminator, the disseminators being of a shape like that of the shell and having like fins for imparting aerodynamic drag and spin thereto to increase their dispersion,

(c) each disseminator being substantially filled with a defiagrating chemical adapted to produce a non-lethal (d) a spin-arm fuse within the shell adapted to initiate a booster charge when the shell reaches a certain spin speed, and

(e) pyrotechnic material disposed between said layers and in void spaces around the periphery of the layers, forming burster charges and an ignition train between the booster charge and disseminators, for explosively rupturing the shell, dispersing the disseminators, and igniting the deflagrating material in each disseminator.

2. A dispersing device in accordance With claim 1 wherein each disseminator is provided with an axially extending aperture into which an ignition flash from the pyrotechnic material may be projected.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,476,973 7/ 1949 Gillon 1027.2 X 2,959,127 11/1960 Weinert 102-66 X FOREIGN PATENTS 146,887 7/ 1931 Switzerland.

SAMUEL W. ENGLE, Primary Examiner.

BENJAMIN A. BORCHELT, Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. A FREE FALL CHEMICAL AGENT DISPENSING DEVICE, COMPRISING; (A) A CYLINDRICAL BOMBLET SHELL FORMED OF LOW DENSITY MATERIAL HAVING A PLURALITY OF LONGITUDINALLY EXTENDING ANGULARLY SPACED VANES EXTENDING FROM ITS OUTER SURFACE SO CONSTRUCTED TO IMPART AERODYNAMIC DRAG AND DISPERSION TO THE SHELL AND TO SPIN IT ABOUT ITS LONGITUDINAL AXIS, (B) A PLURALITY OF PARALLEL LAYERS OF AGENT DISSEMINATORS DISPOSED WITHIN THE SHELL, EACH LAYER COMPRISING A PLURALITY OF DISSEMINATORS GROUPED AROUND A CENTRAL DISSEMINATOR, THE DISSEMINATORS BEING OF A SHAPE LIKE THAT OF THE SHELL AND HAVING LIKE FINS FOR IMPARTING AERODYNAMIC DRAG AND SPIN THERETO TO INCREASE THEIR DISPERSION, (C) EACH DISSEMINATOR BEING SUBSTANTIALLY FILLED WITH A DEFLAGRATING CHEMICAL ADAPTED TO PRODUCE A NON-LETHAL GAS, (D) A SPIN-ARM FUSE WITHIN THE SHELL ADAPTED TO INITIATE A BOOSTER CHARGE WHEN THE SHELL REACHES A CERTAIN SPIN SPEED, AND (E) PYROTECHNIC MATERIAL DISPOSED BETWEEN SAID LAYERS AND IN VOID SPACES AROUND THE PERIPHERY OF THE LAYERS, FORMING BURSTER CHARGES AND AN IGNITION TRAIN BETWEEN THE BOOSTER CHARGE AND DISSEMINATORS, FOR EXPLOSIVELY RUPTURING THE SHELL, DISPERSING THE DISSEMINATORS, AND IGNITING THE DEFLAGRATING MATERIAL IN EACH DISSEMINATOR.
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Cited By (38)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3498218A (en) * 1968-03-06 1970-03-03 Us Navy Bomblet
US3570401A (en) * 1967-08-24 1971-03-16 North American Rockwell Explosive apparatus
US3604352A (en) * 1969-10-27 1971-09-14 Avco Corp Spherical free fall apparatus
US3611931A (en) * 1969-05-05 1971-10-12 Murell J Bessey Sequential burst air drop cluster
US3613580A (en) * 1969-11-10 1971-10-19 Avco Corp Wedge-shaped free-fall device
US3648610A (en) * 1969-06-11 1972-03-14 Us Air Force Dual initiation submissile
US3750575A (en) * 1971-08-26 1973-08-07 Rheinmetall Gmbh Spin-stabilized projectile
US3865034A (en) * 1971-12-20 1975-02-11 Us Air Force Submissible air-to-surface warhead with propellant-diaphragm deployment mechanism
US4391197A (en) * 1978-03-08 1983-07-05 A/S Raufoss Ammunisjonsfabrikker Smoke cartridge
DE19915840A1 (en) * 1999-04-08 2000-10-12 Anton Neumeir Method and device for extinguishing forest fires from the air
US6382105B1 (en) 2001-02-28 2002-05-07 Lockheed Martin Corporation Agent defeat warhead device
US20040055498A1 (en) * 2002-08-29 2004-03-25 Lloyd Richard M. Kinetic energy rod warhead deployment system
US20040055500A1 (en) * 2001-06-04 2004-03-25 Lloyd Richard M. Warhead with aligned projectiles
US20040107861A1 (en) * 2001-11-16 2004-06-10 Textron Systems Corporation Self extracting submunition
US20040129162A1 (en) * 2002-08-29 2004-07-08 Lloyd Richard M. Kinetic energy rod warhead with imploding charge for isotropic firing of the penetrators
US20040200380A1 (en) * 2001-08-23 2004-10-14 Lloyd Richard M. Kinetic energy rod warhead with lower deployment angles
US20050109234A1 (en) * 2001-08-23 2005-05-26 Lloyd Richard M. Kinetic energy rod warhead with lower deployment angles
US20050115450A1 (en) * 2003-10-31 2005-06-02 Lloyd Richard M. Vehicle-borne system and method for countering an incoming threat
US20050126421A1 (en) * 2002-08-29 2005-06-16 Lloyd Richard M. Tandem warhead
US20050132923A1 (en) * 2002-08-29 2005-06-23 Lloyd Richard M. Fixed deployed net for hit-to-kill vehicle
US20060021538A1 (en) * 2002-08-29 2006-02-02 Lloyd Richard M Kinetic energy rod warhead deployment system
US20060086279A1 (en) * 2001-08-23 2006-04-27 Lloyd Richard M Kinetic energy rod warhead with lower deployment angles
US20060112847A1 (en) * 2004-11-29 2006-06-01 Lloyd Richard M Wide area dispersal warhead
US20060283348A1 (en) * 2001-08-23 2006-12-21 Lloyd Richard M Kinetic energy rod warhead with self-aligning penetrators
US20070084376A1 (en) * 2001-08-23 2007-04-19 Lloyd Richard M Kinetic energy rod warhead with aiming mechanism
US20070157843A1 (en) * 2005-09-30 2007-07-12 Roemerman Steven D Small smart weapon and weapon system employing the same
US20090078146A1 (en) * 2003-05-08 2009-03-26 Joseph Edward Tepera Weapon and weapon system employing the same
US20090205529A1 (en) * 2001-08-23 2009-08-20 Lloyd Richard M Kinetic energy rod warhead with lower deployment angles
US7624683B2 (en) 2001-08-23 2009-12-01 Raytheon Company Kinetic energy rod warhead with projectile spacing
US7726244B1 (en) 2003-10-14 2010-06-01 Raytheon Company Mine counter measure system
US20110017864A1 (en) * 2006-09-29 2011-01-27 Roemerman Steven D Small smart weapon and weapon system employing the same
US7895946B2 (en) 2005-09-30 2011-03-01 Lone Star Ip Holdings, Lp Small smart weapon and weapon system employing the same
US8117955B2 (en) 2006-10-26 2012-02-21 Lone Star Ip Holdings, Lp Weapon interface system and delivery platform employing the same
US8418623B2 (en) 2010-04-02 2013-04-16 Raytheon Company Multi-point time spacing kinetic energy rod warhead and system
US8661980B1 (en) 2003-05-08 2014-03-04 Lone Star Ip Holdings, Lp Weapon and weapon system employing the same
US20140144311A1 (en) * 2011-07-14 2014-05-29 Nahum Orlev Wide area neutralizer
US9068803B2 (en) 2011-04-19 2015-06-30 Lone Star Ip Holdings, Lp Weapon and weapon system employing the same
EP2405231B1 (en) 2010-07-09 2016-11-16 Diehl BGT Defence GmbH & Co.KG Smoke projectile

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Cited By (72)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3570401A (en) * 1967-08-24 1971-03-16 North American Rockwell Explosive apparatus
US3498218A (en) * 1968-03-06 1970-03-03 Us Navy Bomblet
US3611931A (en) * 1969-05-05 1971-10-12 Murell J Bessey Sequential burst air drop cluster
US3648610A (en) * 1969-06-11 1972-03-14 Us Air Force Dual initiation submissile
US3604352A (en) * 1969-10-27 1971-09-14 Avco Corp Spherical free fall apparatus
US3613580A (en) * 1969-11-10 1971-10-19 Avco Corp Wedge-shaped free-fall device
US3750575A (en) * 1971-08-26 1973-08-07 Rheinmetall Gmbh Spin-stabilized projectile
US3865034A (en) * 1971-12-20 1975-02-11 Us Air Force Submissible air-to-surface warhead with propellant-diaphragm deployment mechanism
US4391197A (en) * 1978-03-08 1983-07-05 A/S Raufoss Ammunisjonsfabrikker Smoke cartridge
DE19915840A1 (en) * 1999-04-08 2000-10-12 Anton Neumeir Method and device for extinguishing forest fires from the air
US6382105B1 (en) 2001-02-28 2002-05-07 Lockheed Martin Corporation Agent defeat warhead device
US20040055500A1 (en) * 2001-06-04 2004-03-25 Lloyd Richard M. Warhead with aligned projectiles
US6973878B2 (en) 2001-06-04 2005-12-13 Raytheon Company Warhead with aligned projectiles
US7621222B2 (en) 2001-08-23 2009-11-24 Raytheon Company Kinetic energy rod warhead with lower deployment angles
US20090205529A1 (en) * 2001-08-23 2009-08-20 Lloyd Richard M Kinetic energy rod warhead with lower deployment angles
US20040200380A1 (en) * 2001-08-23 2004-10-14 Lloyd Richard M. Kinetic energy rod warhead with lower deployment angles
US7624682B2 (en) 2001-08-23 2009-12-01 Raytheon Company Kinetic energy rod warhead with lower deployment angles
US20050109234A1 (en) * 2001-08-23 2005-05-26 Lloyd Richard M. Kinetic energy rod warhead with lower deployment angles
US20070084376A1 (en) * 2001-08-23 2007-04-19 Lloyd Richard M Kinetic energy rod warhead with aiming mechanism
US20060283348A1 (en) * 2001-08-23 2006-12-21 Lloyd Richard M Kinetic energy rod warhead with self-aligning penetrators
US20060086279A1 (en) * 2001-08-23 2006-04-27 Lloyd Richard M Kinetic energy rod warhead with lower deployment angles
US7624683B2 (en) 2001-08-23 2009-12-01 Raytheon Company Kinetic energy rod warhead with projectile spacing
US8127686B2 (en) 2001-08-23 2012-03-06 Raytheon Company Kinetic energy rod warhead with aiming mechanism
US20040107861A1 (en) * 2001-11-16 2004-06-10 Textron Systems Corporation Self extracting submunition
US6834593B2 (en) * 2001-11-16 2004-12-28 Textron Systems Corporation Self extracting submunition
US20040129162A1 (en) * 2002-08-29 2004-07-08 Lloyd Richard M. Kinetic energy rod warhead with imploding charge for isotropic firing of the penetrators
US20050132923A1 (en) * 2002-08-29 2005-06-23 Lloyd Richard M. Fixed deployed net for hit-to-kill vehicle
US20060112817A1 (en) * 2002-08-29 2006-06-01 Lloyd Richard M Fixed deployed net for hit-to-kill vehicle
US20040055498A1 (en) * 2002-08-29 2004-03-25 Lloyd Richard M. Kinetic energy rod warhead deployment system
US20060162604A1 (en) * 2002-08-29 2006-07-27 Lloyd Richard M Tandem warhead
US7143698B2 (en) 2002-08-29 2006-12-05 Raytheon Company Tandem warhead
US20050126421A1 (en) * 2002-08-29 2005-06-16 Lloyd Richard M. Tandem warhead
US7017496B2 (en) 2002-08-29 2006-03-28 Raytheon Company Kinetic energy rod warhead with imploding charge for isotropic firing of the penetrators
US6931994B2 (en) 2002-08-29 2005-08-23 Raytheon Company Tandem warhead
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