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US3323154A - Surfboard - Google Patents

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Publication number
US3323154A
US3323154A US49367765A US3323154A US 3323154 A US3323154 A US 3323154A US 49367765 A US49367765 A US 49367765A US 3323154 A US3323154 A US 3323154A
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Prior art keywords
surfboard
board
surface
end
side
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Frederick A Lambach
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PLASTILITE CORP
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PLASTILITE CORP
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING
    • B63B35/00Vessels or like floating structures adapted for special purposes
    • B63B35/73Other vessels or like floating structures for pleasure or sport
    • B63B35/79Surf-boards, e.g. sailboards
    • B63B35/7906Construction or shape of the boards

Description

F, A. LAMBACH June 6, 1967 SURFBOARD Filed Oct. 7, 1965 A rrapme y United States Patent 3,323,154 SURFBOARD Frederick A. Lambach, Omaha, Nebr., assignor to Plastilite Corporation, Omaha, Nebr.

Filed Oct. 7, 1965, Ser. No. 493,677 8 Claims. (Cl. 9-310) This invention relates generally to the sport of surfing, and more particularly to a surfboard used to enjoy this sport.

It is an object of this invention to provide a novel surfboard.

For quite a number of years, the sport of surfing has been enjoyed by many persons. Due, however, to the extreme skill required in maneuvering the surfboards, notwithstanding the danger involved, many persons are unable to participate in surfing. Another object of this invention is to provide a new surfboard with improved stability to enablemore people to surf.

The most popular surfboard presently used has a long narrow appearance, and has a completely smooth basically flat surface, except for'the rounded edges. Some conventional boards have both a concave top and bottom silhouette in side elevation, while others may have basically a straight top surface with a concave bottom surface.

It is an object of this invention to provide a surfboard different in construction from the contemporary board, to thereby provide an entirely new sensation in surfing.

'It is another object of this invention to provide a new surfboard which is light enough for a young person to carry, which responds quickly in the water to paddling, and which turns satisfactorily while setting in place.

Yet another object of this invention is the provision of a new surfboard that takes off well, that shows no nose-diving tendencies, and that pours into the waves nicely with no stalling, hanging, or plunging tendencies.

Still another object of this invention is to provide a new surfboard which turns very fast at will, that turns smoothly and with good stability, that slides fast in green and white water, and that stays high in the curl of the wave.

Another object of this invention is the provision of a surfboard capable of attaining the above designated objectives which has excellent stability, directional velocity, and structural integrity.

Still another object of this invention is the provision of a surfboard such as described hereinbefore which is economical, rugged, and effective.

These objects, and other features and advantages of this invention will become readily apparent upon reference to the following description, when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the bottom of the surfboard of this invention, as seen from one side thereof;

FIG. 2 is a bottom plan view of the surf-board of FIG. l;

FIG. 3 is a sectional view as taken along the line 3-3 in FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view as taken along the line 4-4 in FIG. 2; and

FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view as taken along the line 5--5 in FIG. 2.

Referring now to the drawings, the surfboardof this invention is indicated generally at in FIGS. 1 and 2. The surfboard, hereinafter referred to as a board 10, is formed of a fiberglass shell with a rigid polyurethane core, or other rigid foam plastic core, such as expanded polystyrene, except for a keel or fin 11 of a harder, rigid material.

The board 10 has, in bottom plan view (FIG. 2), an elongated oval shape, with a smoothly rounded nose 12, very slightly curved side edges 13 and 14, and a fiat rear end 16. When viewed from the side, the top and bottom surfaces 17 and 18, respectively, are concave and convex, whereby the board 10 has a concavo-convex appearance in side elevation.

Except for a pair of cavities indicated generally at 19 and 21, described more in detail hereinafter, in transverse cross-section (FIGS. 4 and 5), the board 10 has again an oval shape at any transverse cross-sectional area along its entire length. The upper transverse surface 17a (FIG. 4) in transverse cross-section is convex, whereas the lower transverse surface 18a in transverse cross-section is convex.

The fin 11 is a thin, streamlined member, shaped in side elevation as best illustrated in FIG. 3 and includes a base 22 (FIG. 5) set into the fiberglass shell of the board 10. The fin 11 and base 22 can be integral as shown, or can be adjustably connected, permitting longitudinal movement of the fin 11 relative to its base 22 and the board body.

As mentioned hereinbefore, the under surface 18 of the board 10 is provided with a pair of elongated cavities 19 and 21, which cavities are identical. As best shown in FIGS. 2, 4 and 5, the cavities are formed in a parallel, symmetrical, side-by-side, arrangement equidistantly spaced from the side edges 13 and 14. Furthermore the cavities 19 and 21 are equidistantly spaced on either side of the longitudinal axis of the board 10, both cavities beginning at a location from the nose 12 slightly less than one-half the length of the board 10, and ending flush with the rear end 16.

The cavities being identical, only one, 19 for example, will be described in detail. The forward end 2 3 (FIG. 2) of the cavity 19 has a somewhat pointed form in plan view, and as shown in longitudinal cross-section (FIG. 3.)

is substantially flush with the bottom surface 18. As the cavity 19 extends toward its rear end 24, the cavity has parallel side edges 26 and 27 (FIG. 2) which end as they each reach the end 16 of the board 10. In longitudinal cross-section (FIG. 3) the base 28 of the cavity is straight, extending in a straight line from flush with the bottom surface 18 intermediate the ends of the board and at the forward end 23, to become flush again with the rear end 16 of the concavely curved bottom surface 18.

In transverse cross section, each cavity 19 and 21 (FIGS. 4 and 5) is semi-circularly curved, forming smoothly rounded junctions, as compared with sharply formed corners, with the board bottom surface 18, and having a constant transverse width at any point longitudinally thereof, due to the parallel side edges 26 and 27. As

best seen in FIG. 4, the base 28 of each cavity is spaced a greater distance from the upper surface 17 of the board 10, as compared to the spacing in FIG. 5, due to the thickness of the board 10 diminishing from its center section toward both front and rear ends 12 and 16, respectively.

Again in transverse cross-section, by virtue of the twin concave cavities 19 and 21 (FIG. 4) formed in the bot tom surface 18 of the board, the bottom surface is divided into a trio of depending sec-tors 29, 31, and 32 each of an inverted semi-circular form. The outer sectors 29 and 32 are formed at each transverse lower side of the body of the board 10, with the sector 31 midway between the sectors 29 and 32, and extended parallel to and bisected by the longitudinal axis of the board 10.

The instant board 10 was built and tested by at least three men very well known in the field of surfing and testing of boards. The tests were conducted for a number of consecutive days in all sizes of surf, changes of tide, and wind-chop conditions in the Pacific Ocean at the beach near San Onofre, Calif. This beach is considered the most famous surfing beach in California, and was considered an ideal location to test the design of the surfboard 10, due to the versatile and varied character of the surf, i.e., right and left slides, peak waves and walls,

white-water, outside break (thick), inside shorebreak curls (thin), shelving bottom and reef breaks.

The surf averaged three to five feet, which is slightly above the average run of surf, hence perfect for testing the board 10. The board was also tested under similar conditions at the sand beach breaks at Santa Monica, Calif. In'all respects, the board 10 fulfilled every object enumerated hereinbefore, repetition of which is believed unnecessary.

The test board 10 weighed 38 pounds, but when produced commercially is planned to weigh 26 to 30 pounds. Its length is 9'7", width at the widest point 21 /2", and greatest thickness 3%. The Width of the board \10 across the fore end of the 'fin -11 is approximately 16 /2". Each cavity 19 and 21 has a transverse width of approximately 5", and with their inner edges 27 spaced transversely apart about 2 /2". The outer edge 26 of each cavity is about 4 /2 from the adjacent side edge of the board at its widest location. The greatest depth of each cavity from the bottom surface 18 of the board to the cavity base 28 is approximately 1 Although the explanation of the sensation produced by riding the new board 10 is theoretical, it is believed that the pair of cavities 19 and 21, as described and illustrated, reduce the present amount of friction of the undersurface of the board with the Water, While concomitantly providing a balanced pair of air streams of bubbles directed straight rearwardly beneath the board, thus providing greater stability and velocity.

As the side edges 26 and 27 of the cavities extend completely to the rear of the board, with the base 28 of each cavity finally becoming flush with the bottom surface 18 of the board, at the rear end 16 thereof absolutely none of the air bubble streams are lost to the sides of the board, and all is expelled straight rearwardly at the rear end of the board, with no trapping of the streams of air and Water.

Although a preferred embodiment of this invention has been described and disclosed hereinbefore, it is to be remembered that various modifications and alternate constructions can be made thereto without departing from the true spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A surfboard having a front end, a rear end, an upper surface, and a lower surface;

a pair of elongated cavities formed in the said lower surface, said cavities extended side-by-side toward the rear end of the surfboard; and

three substantially identical in width land areas intermediate said cavities and to the sides thereof, the peaks of said land areas lying in a common plane.

2. A surfboard as defined in claim 1, and further wherein saidcavities are identical.

3. A surfboard as defined in claim 1, and further wherein said cavities are extended parallel to each other and to the longitudinal axis of the surfboard.

4. A surfboard as defined in claim 1, and further wherein said cavities are spaced equidistantly on either side of the longitudinal axis of the surfboard, and are spaced equidistantly inwardly from the side edges of the surfboard.

5. A surfboard as defined in claim 2, and further wherein said cavities extend parallel to each other and to the longitudinal axis of the surfboard, and wherein said cavities are spaced equidistantly on either side of the longitudinal axis of the surfboard, and are spaced equidistantly inwardly from the side edges of the surfboard.

6. A surfboard having a front end, a rear end, an upper surface, and a lower surface; and

having a pair of elongated cavities formed in the said lower surface, said cavities extended side-by-side to- Ward the rear end of the surfboard;

said cavities beginning at a location slightly less than one-half the length of the surfboard from the front end thereof, and ending at the rear end of the surfboard.

7. A surfboard having a front end, a rear end, an upper surface, and a lower surface; and

having a pair of elongated cavities formed in the said lower surface, said cavities extended side-by-side toward the rear end of the surfboard; said cavities being identical and extending parallel to each other and to the longitudinal axis of the surfboard, and wherein said cavities are spaced equidistantly on either side of the longitudinal axis of the surfboard, and are spaced equidistantly inwardly from the side edges of the surfboard;

and further wherein said cavities begin at a location slightly less than one-half the length of the surfboard from the front end thereof, and end at the rear end of the surfboard.

8. A surfboard as defined in claim 7, and further wherein said cavities have a substantially straight bottom surface in longitudinal section, extended from flush with the surfboard bottom surface intermediate the front and rear ends. to flush therewith at the surfboard rear end.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,552,990 9/1925 Hunt 9-3l0 X 2,389,729 11/1945 Howland 93 10 3,027,575 4/1962 Fortin 9--3l0 MILTON BUCHLER, Primary Examiner.

ALFRED E. CORRIGAN, Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. A SURFBOARD HAVING A FRONT END, A REAR END, AN UPPER SURFACE, AND A LOWER SURFACE; A PAIR OF ELONGATED CAVITIES FORMED IN THE SAID LOWER SURFACE, SAID CAVITIES EXTENDED SIDE-BY-SIDE TOWARD THE REAR END OF THE SURFBOARD; AND
US3323154A 1965-10-07 1965-10-07 Surfboard Expired - Lifetime US3323154A (en)

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Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3419232A (en) * 1966-02-21 1968-12-31 Short Brothers & Harlan Ltd Anti-drag arrangements for aerial and other moving bodies
US3422471A (en) * 1967-04-03 1969-01-21 Thomas H Morey Surfboard with removable skeg
US3516099A (en) * 1968-06-17 1970-06-23 Thomas H Morey Mounting structure for removable surfboard fin
US3543315A (en) * 1967-10-09 1970-12-01 William L Hoffman Soft board fabrication
US3659300A (en) * 1969-07-25 1972-05-02 W A V E Corp Fin attachment structure for surfboards
US4129911A (en) * 1977-02-22 1978-12-19 Mcdonald Michael D Soft deck surfboard
EP0119747A1 (en) * 1983-02-21 1984-09-26 Adventure Plastics Pty. Ltd. Hull construction of a surf board, sail board or the like
DE3440553A1 (en) * 1984-11-07 1985-03-28 Zander Wolf Dietrich Variable keel-fin system for a surfboard
US5957742A (en) * 1997-05-06 1999-09-28 Brennan; Joseph A. Surfboard side fin
WO2001032499A2 (en) * 1999-11-02 2001-05-10 Lee Bishop Water vehicle stabilizer and accelerator
DE10145806A1 (en) * 2001-09-17 2003-04-10 Boards & More Ag Zuerich Surfboard, especially a windsurfing board, used for surfing comprises a base having a recess running into the rear of the board
US20040161985A1 (en) * 2003-02-13 2004-08-19 Pacha Duane E. Novel water sport device
US7347756B1 (en) * 2006-06-06 2008-03-25 Candler Robert A Surfboard
US7582238B1 (en) * 2004-01-09 2009-09-01 Yomazzo Michael J Surfboard
US7685959B1 (en) * 2005-05-27 2010-03-30 Sanders Roy F Surfboard with graduated channels
WO2010148470A1 (en) * 2009-06-26 2010-12-29 Remo Gualton Sousa Leca Structural arrangement for surfboards
US20110197798A1 (en) * 2008-09-17 2011-08-18 Keller John H Sailboard step design with less ventilation and increased speed
WO2012052741A1 (en) * 2010-10-21 2012-04-26 Envisor Limited Board-type watercraft
USD669549S1 (en) 2011-10-24 2012-10-23 Envisor Limited Surf or paddle board
USD669548S1 (en) 2010-10-21 2012-10-23 Envisor Limited Surf or paddle board
USD779610S1 (en) * 2015-07-01 2017-02-21 Aqua-Leisure Industries, Inc. Recreational flotation device
USD788869S1 (en) 2015-07-08 2017-06-06 Aqua-Leisure Industries, Inc. Recreational flotation device
USD802074S1 (en) 2015-06-30 2017-11-07 Aqua-Leisure Industries, Inc. Recreational flotation device

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1552990A (en) * 1924-05-19 1925-09-08 Everett M Hunt Ski
US2389729A (en) * 1943-11-12 1945-11-27 Levi S Howland Surfboard
US3027575A (en) * 1957-06-26 1962-04-03 Fortin Plastics Inc Water ski

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1552990A (en) * 1924-05-19 1925-09-08 Everett M Hunt Ski
US2389729A (en) * 1943-11-12 1945-11-27 Levi S Howland Surfboard
US3027575A (en) * 1957-06-26 1962-04-03 Fortin Plastics Inc Water ski

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3419232A (en) * 1966-02-21 1968-12-31 Short Brothers & Harlan Ltd Anti-drag arrangements for aerial and other moving bodies
US3422471A (en) * 1967-04-03 1969-01-21 Thomas H Morey Surfboard with removable skeg
US3543315A (en) * 1967-10-09 1970-12-01 William L Hoffman Soft board fabrication
US3516099A (en) * 1968-06-17 1970-06-23 Thomas H Morey Mounting structure for removable surfboard fin
US3659300A (en) * 1969-07-25 1972-05-02 W A V E Corp Fin attachment structure for surfboards
US4129911A (en) * 1977-02-22 1978-12-19 Mcdonald Michael D Soft deck surfboard
EP0119747A1 (en) * 1983-02-21 1984-09-26 Adventure Plastics Pty. Ltd. Hull construction of a surf board, sail board or the like
US4538540A (en) * 1983-02-21 1985-09-03 Adventure Plastics Pty Ltd HUll construction
DE3440553A1 (en) * 1984-11-07 1985-03-28 Zander Wolf Dietrich Variable keel-fin system for a surfboard
US5957742A (en) * 1997-05-06 1999-09-28 Brennan; Joseph A. Surfboard side fin
WO2001032499A2 (en) * 1999-11-02 2001-05-10 Lee Bishop Water vehicle stabilizer and accelerator
WO2001032499A3 (en) * 1999-11-02 2001-12-06 Lee Bishop Water vehicle stabilizer and accelerator
US6551157B1 (en) 1999-11-02 2003-04-22 Lee Bishop Water vehicle stabilizer and accelerator
DE10145806A1 (en) * 2001-09-17 2003-04-10 Boards & More Ag Zuerich Surfboard, especially a windsurfing board, used for surfing comprises a base having a recess running into the rear of the board
US20040161985A1 (en) * 2003-02-13 2004-08-19 Pacha Duane E. Novel water sport device
US7582238B1 (en) * 2004-01-09 2009-09-01 Yomazzo Michael J Surfboard
US7685959B1 (en) * 2005-05-27 2010-03-30 Sanders Roy F Surfboard with graduated channels
US7347756B1 (en) * 2006-06-06 2008-03-25 Candler Robert A Surfboard
US8622013B2 (en) * 2008-09-17 2014-01-07 John H. Keller Sailboard step design with less ventilation and increased speed
US20110197798A1 (en) * 2008-09-17 2011-08-18 Keller John H Sailboard step design with less ventilation and increased speed
WO2010148470A1 (en) * 2009-06-26 2010-12-29 Remo Gualton Sousa Leca Structural arrangement for surfboards
WO2012052741A1 (en) * 2010-10-21 2012-04-26 Envisor Limited Board-type watercraft
USD669548S1 (en) 2010-10-21 2012-10-23 Envisor Limited Surf or paddle board
USD669549S1 (en) 2011-10-24 2012-10-23 Envisor Limited Surf or paddle board
USD802074S1 (en) 2015-06-30 2017-11-07 Aqua-Leisure Industries, Inc. Recreational flotation device
USD779610S1 (en) * 2015-07-01 2017-02-21 Aqua-Leisure Industries, Inc. Recreational flotation device
USD788869S1 (en) 2015-07-08 2017-06-06 Aqua-Leisure Industries, Inc. Recreational flotation device

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