US3321884A - Spaced building plates with embedded wire ties connected by rod means - Google Patents

Spaced building plates with embedded wire ties connected by rod means Download PDF

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US3321884A
US3321884A US37252064A US3321884A US 3321884 A US3321884 A US 3321884A US 37252064 A US37252064 A US 37252064A US 3321884 A US3321884 A US 3321884A
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plate
loops
insulating
plates
concrete
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Klaue Hermann
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HERMANN KLAUE
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HERMANN KLAUE
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/30Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure
    • E04C2/34Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure composed of two or more spaced sheet-like parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • E04B2/86Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms
    • E04B2/8635Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms with ties attached to the inner faces of the forms

Description

May 30, 1967 H. KLAUE 3,321,884

' SPACED BUILDING PLATES WITH EMBEDDED WIRE TIES CONNECTED BY ROD MEANS Flled June 4 1964 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 FIGS nv VEN TOR #E2/WMV fam/E ce@ ATTORNEYS FHGB May 30, 1967 H. KLAUE SPACED BUILDING PLATES WITH EMBEDDEI) WIRE TIES CONNECTED BY ROD MEANS 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed June 4, 1964 FIGIO United States Patent Office 3,321,884 Patented May 30, 1967 3,321,884 SPACE!) BUILDING PLATES WITH EMBEDDED WIRE TIES CONNECTED BY ROD MEANS Hermann Klaue, Beyerlestrasse 1, Constance, German Filed .lune 4, 1964, Ser. No. 372,520 3 Claims. (Cl. 52--565) This invention relates in general to construction elements and to a method of constructing a building wall, and in particular to a new and useful building plate element such as an insulating plate having reinforcing metal elements embedded in the plate with a plurality of eyelet formations projecting outwardly from the surface of the plate `for anchoring two such plates together, and to a method of building a wall using such plate elements.

It has been known to constnuct a building wall using two insulating plates consisting of insulating board elements which are separated by distance pieces or spacer elements and wherein the space between the plate elements are lled with concrete. Such a wall may be of relatively small thickness and afford good heat insulation and will be relatively easy to produce. A disadvantage in such a construction and this method consists in that the insulating plates must be made at the building site. In addition, it is also necessary to provide special met-al reinforcements for this structure supporting walls.

In accordance with the present invention, there are provided plate elements, preferably insulating plate elements, which are formed with a reinforcing wire or grid having projecting eyelets or loop formations which permit the arranging of two such plate elements of this character in a spaced relation by reinforcing rod elements connected to the eyelets. By providing insulating plates of this character which are prefabricated and already equipped with a metal reinforcement and with projecting eyelets for securing the plates in position, it is possible to readily erect the plate elements at spaced locations and thereafter to fill the space lin between the plate elements with concrete.

A further advantage of such a construction is that the space between the plate elements may advantageously be interconnected by reinforcing rods which form reinforcements for the completed wall structure after the concrete has been poured. The reinforcements for the insulating plates may advantageously comprise wires or sheet metal strips which are bent in a wave formation and which include loop portions which are embedded in the plate and loop portions which extend outwardly for anchoring purposes. In some instances, a pair of such plates is integrally formed such as by casting and they are arranged in spaced location by wire elements which are molded therebetween. In those instances where the two insulating plates are formed as an integral part or piece or by plate elements which are formed together such as by welding at a prefabrication station, the building wall is erected when the elements are positioned at the site and concrete is poured between the plate elements. In those instances where the insulating plates are formed with projecting eyelets, two such insulating boards are arranged at spaced locations with the eyelets in opposed relationship. Thereafter, the boards are interconnected by diagonally positioned bracing rods which have hooked ends which engage in the eyelet formation on the insulating wall boards. Such an arrangement permits the formation of a laddershaped connection between the insulating plates which will be filled with concrete at the location of the building site.

The .inventive construction may also be employed where there is a desire to vary the thickness of the wall in a simple and easy manner. This may be done by merely changing the interconnecting position of the connecting rod elements which extend between eyelets of adjacent opposing wall boards. For example, for closely spaced walls of relatively thin thickness the connecting reinforcing rods may be oriented at sharp angles to permit the insulating boards to be spaced closely together.

In a further embodiment of the invention, an outer skin of metal is provided on the insulation plates which outer skin is connected by welding with loops of wire or strips which form eye-like projections extending from one side of the plate. In .some instances instead of a metal a plastic sheet or paper may be employed. The mechanical connection can be made by wire netting with which the wires or strips forming the eyes are connected by welding or gluing. The insulating plates themselves may advantageously consist of a clay ball formation and a concrete or adhesive mixture.

Accordingly, it is an object of this invention to provide an improved building construction element and a method of constructing a building wall.

A further object of the invention is to provide a building construction which includes an insulating plate having reinforcing wire means which forms a plurality of loops on a common surface thereof.

A further object of the invention is to provide a building construction element which includes a pair of insulating plates arranged in spaced locations and each having loop projections on opposing faces which are connected together by reinforcing rod elements and with reinforcing concrete disposed between the plates.

A further object of the invention is to provide a method of forming a building which comprises arranging a pair of insulating plates at spaced locations, interconnecting the insulating plates with reinforcing elements, and pouring concrete in the space between the plates.

A further object of the invention is to provide a building construction which is simple in design, rugged in construction and economical to manufacture.

The various features of novelty which characterize the invention are pointed out with particularity in the claims annexed to and forming a part of this speciticationfFor a better understanding of the invention, its voperating advantages and specific objects attained by its use, reference should be had to the accompanying drawings and descriptive matter in which there are illustrated and described preferred embodiments of the invention.

In the drawings:

FIG. l is a transverse section through a wall insulating plate constructed in accordance with the invention;

FIG. 2 is a partial plan view of the wall indicated in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a section taken along line 3-3 of FIG. l;

FIG. 4 is a transverse sectional view of 'the partially erected wall constructed in accordance with the invention;

FIG. 5 is a transverse section of a prefabricated wall structure constructed in accordance with the invention;

FIG. 6 is a view similar to FIG. 5 of another embodiment of the invention;

FIG. 7 is a view similar to FIG. 4 indicating relatively closely spaced insulating plates for thin wall construction;

FIG. 8 is a partial plan view of another embodiment of insulating plate;

FIG. 9 is a section taken along the line 9 9 of FIG. 8;

FIG. 10 is a section taken along line lil-10 of FIG. 9; and

FIG. 11 is a partial perspective View indicating the formation of the insulating boards outer skin and reinforcing element.

Referring to the drawings in particular, the invention embodied therein in FIGS. 1, 2 and 3 comprises an insulating plate generally designated 20 which includes a wire or metal reinforcement generally designated 22 with oppositely extending transverse loops 2 and 2 embedded in a central core or body portion 4 of insulating material, such as burnt clay balls, adhesive or concrete mixture. An additional wire lattice is advantageously located toward the front or outer face `at 24. An outer skin 1 is advantageously formed of a material such as paper.

In accordance with the invention, each of the plates 20 is provided with the reinforcement 22 which includes loop formation 3 which extends outwardly from a common face 26 provided for anchoring a pair of the insulating plates 20 in spaced opposing positions as indicated in FIGS. 4 and 7. In FIG. 4 the plates 20 are indicated widely spaced and are held in a spaced orientation by means of reinforcing rods or connecting elements 7 having hooks at each end which are hooked into appropriate loops 3. The spaces 8 between the plates 20 are then filled with concrete to form the completed wall. In the embodiment of FIG. 7, the wall Iplate elements are oriented closely together for a thin wall construction by positioning the reinforcing rod elements 7 at a steep angle and connecting them to the appropriate loops 3 for achieving the desired spacing.

In FIG. there is indicated an alternate embodiment which comprises a single composite plate generally designated 28 formed such as by casting, and which comprises spaced vertical plate Wall portions 30 and 32 interconnected by integrally formed ribs 34. The outer surfaces of the plates 30 and 32 are formed with hooked projections 36 such as for anchoring the wall structure into position and for attaching additional building facture elements.

In the embodiment of FIG. 6, plates 9 and 10 are interconnected by wires 11 and 12 which are formed in a continuous wave formation and connected to respective plates at the top of the loop formation such as by welding.

In the embodiments of FIGS. 8-11, a building plate generally designated 40 is provided which includes an outer surface formed by a steel sheet or plate 13. A reinforcing grid or loop element generally designated 42 is secured to the plate 13 such as by welding or gluing. Thereafter the finished plate is formed by adding insulation material as indicated over the plate 13 to leave loop portions 14 exposed on the surfacey of the insulation on the side opposite from the steel plate 13. In some instances the loop elements 42 are arranged to interconnect two steel plates 131 and 132 by arranging at portions 14 so that they span the connecting line 13 between the two sheets. The reinforcing member 42 is connected to the sheets 131 and 132 such as by spot welding, as indicated at 44.

While specific embodiments of the invention have been shown and described in detail to illustrate the application of the inventive principles, it will `be understood that the invention may be embodied otherwise without departing from such principles.

What is claimed is:

1. A construction element for a building wall comprising a facing plate, a layer of insulating concrete bonded to said facing plate, a reinforcing mesh and a wire tie member embedded in said concrete, said wire tie member being in contact with said mesh and forming a plurality of successive loops with alternate loops thereof lying substantially in separate planes which planes are mutually perpendicular to each other, the wire loops in one plane extending outwardly of the exposed Surface of the insulating layer and the loops in the remaining plane extending laterally of said one plane in an opposite direction.

2. A construction element for a building Wall comprising a facing plate, a layer of insulating concrete bonded to said facing plate, a reinforcing mesh and a wire tie member embedded in said concrete, said wire tie member being in contact with said mesh and forming a Iplurality of successive loops with alternate loops thereof lying substantially in separate planes which planes are mutually perpendicular to each other, the wire loops in one plane extending outwardly of the exposed surface of the insulating layer and the loops in the remaining plane extending laterally of said one plane in an opposite direction, a second plate member spaced from said first plate member and having insulating concrete bonded thereto, and a wire-like reinforcing element in said concrete forming exposed loops on a surface disposed opposite to the surface of said plate, and reinforcing rod means connected between selected exposed loops of said plate and said second plate member.

3. A construction element for a building wall comprising a facing plate, a layer of insulating concrete bonded to said facing plate, a reinforcing mesh and a wire tie member embedded in said concrete, said wire tie member being in contact with said rnesh and forming a plurality of successive loops with alternate loops thereof lying substantially in separate planes which planes are mutually perpendicular to each other, the wire loops in one plane extending outwardly of the exposed surface of the insulating layer and the loops in the remaining plane extending laterally of said one plane in an opposite direction, a second plate member spaced from said first plate member and having insulating concrete bonded thereto, and a wire-like reinforcing element in said concrete forming exposed loops on a surface disposed opposite to the surface of said plate, and reinforcing rod means connected between selected exposed loops of said plate and said second plate member, said reinforcing rod member comprising a rod having a hook at each end which is looped to a -respective one of the loops of said plate and said second plate member for holding them together.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,233,508 7/1917 Rogolske 52-426 X 1,285,768 11/1918 Megenity 52-714 1,402,429 1/ 1922 Megenity 52-714 1,414,425 5/1922 Lewis 52-513 X 1,578,511 3/1926 Gladwin 52-426 1,794,678 3/1931 Eastman 52-597 2,088,645 8/1937 Fling 52-565 2,188,424 l/ 1940 Awbrey 52-688 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,286,861 l/1962 France.

176,868 3/1922 Great Britain.

FRA-NK L. ABBOTT, Primary Examiner.

A. C. PERHAM, Assistant Examiner.

Claims (1)

  1. 2. A CONSTRUCTION ELEMENT FOR A BUILDING WALL COMPRISING A FACING PLATE, A LAYER OF INSULATING CONCRETE BONDED TO SAID FACING PLATE, A REINFORCING MESH AND A WIRE TIE MEMBER EMBEDDED IN SAID CONCRETE, SAID WIRE TIE MEMBER BEING IN CONTACT WITH SAID MESH AND FORMING A PLURALITY OF SUCCESSIVE LOOPS WITH ALTERNATE LOOPS THEREOF LYING SUBSTANTIALLY IN SEPARATE PLANES WHICH PLANES ARE MUTUALLY PERPENDICULAR TO EACH OTHER, THE WIRE LOOPS IN ONE PLANE EXTENDING OUTWARDLY OF THE EXPOSED SURFACE OF THE INSULATING LAYER AND THE LOOPS IN THE REMAINING PLANE EXTENDING LATERALLY OF SAID ONE PLANE IN AN OPPOSITE DIRECTION, A SECOND PLATE MEMBER SPACED FROM SAID FIRST PLATE
US3321884A 1964-06-04 1964-06-04 Spaced building plates with embedded wire ties connected by rod means Expired - Lifetime US3321884A (en)

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Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3552277A (en) * 1964-10-24 1971-01-05 David Avital Construction element with helically wound anchor lattice
US3768225A (en) * 1968-04-03 1973-10-30 M Sloan Method of precasting a masonry wall panel
US4479338A (en) * 1981-10-02 1984-10-30 Robertson Gordon M Building elements and method of constructing a building
FR2603057A1 (en) * 1986-08-25 1988-02-26 Harnwell Philippe Method for producing and fitting decorative architectural elements made of reinforced concrete
EP0288393A1 (en) * 1987-04-23 1988-10-26 BOUSSAC SAINT FRERES B.S.F. Société anonyme dite: Water-tight material for cement or concrete structures and applications of this material
US4804299A (en) * 1986-07-09 1989-02-14 United International, Inc. Retaining wall system
US4901494A (en) * 1988-12-09 1990-02-20 Miller Brian J Collapsible forming system and method
FR2652604A1 (en) * 1989-10-04 1991-04-05 Heripre Alain Thin covering element in the form of a plate intended to be associated with a surface in order to protect the latter from attack
US5323578A (en) * 1990-12-19 1994-06-28 Claude Chagnon Prefabricated formwork
WO1998016700A1 (en) * 1996-10-12 1998-04-23 Kewo Holding Gmbh Device for securing shuttering panels in a concrete disposable pattern
EP1036891A1 (en) * 1999-03-01 2000-09-20 Gabriele Raschke Prefabricated composite system for producing interior or exterior walls for buildings
US6609340B2 (en) * 1998-01-16 2003-08-26 Eco-Block, Llc Concrete structures and methods of forming the same using extenders
US20040237424A1 (en) * 1999-06-14 2004-12-02 Zhi Fan Structure formed of foaming cement and lightweight steel and a structural system and method of forming the structural system
US20050108963A1 (en) * 2002-12-02 2005-05-26 Wostal Terry K. Collapsible concrete forms
US7073300B1 (en) * 1999-09-01 2006-07-11 Udo Sohns Reinforced concrete part for producing foundations of buildings
US20080005991A1 (en) * 2005-02-07 2008-01-10 Serge Meilleur Concrete Wall Formwork Module
US20080172973A1 (en) * 2007-01-22 2008-07-24 Ideas Without Borders Inc, System for reinforcing a building structural component
WO2008092664A2 (en) * 2007-02-02 2008-08-07 B.T. Innovation Gmbh Construction element
US9091089B2 (en) 2013-03-12 2015-07-28 Icf Mform Llc Insulating concrete form (ICF) system with tie member modularity
US9175486B2 (en) 2013-03-12 2015-11-03 Icf Mform Llc Insulating concrete form (ICF) system with modular tie members and associated ICF tooling
US20160305139A1 (en) * 2009-01-07 2016-10-20 Cfs Concrete Forming Systems Inc. Methods and apparatus for restoring, repairing, reinforcing and/or protecting structures using concrete
US9784005B2 (en) 2012-01-05 2017-10-10 Cfs Concrete Forming Systems Inc. Systems for restoring, repairing, reinforcing, protecting, insulating and/or cladding structures with locatable stand-off components
US9783991B2 (en) 2013-12-06 2017-10-10 Cfs Concrete Forming Systems Inc. Structure cladding trim components and methods for fabrication and use of same
US9790681B2 (en) 2012-01-05 2017-10-17 Cfs Concrete Forming Systems Inc. Panel-to-panel connections for stay-in-place liners used to repair structures
US9890512B2 (en) 2010-09-28 2018-02-13 Les Materiaux De Construction Oldcastle Canada, Inc. Retaining wall
US9982444B2 (en) 2014-04-04 2018-05-29 Cfs Concrete Forming Systems Inc. Liquid and gas-impermeable connections for panels of stay-in-place form-work systems
US10022825B2 (en) 2010-07-06 2018-07-17 Cfs Concrete Forming Systems Inc. Method for restoring, repairing, reinforcing, protecting, insulating and/or cladding a variety of structures

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1233508A (en) * 1913-05-07 1917-07-17 August C Rogalske Concrete construction.
US1285768A (en) * 1918-05-18 1918-11-26 Ralph A Megenity Wall-stud.
US1402429A (en) * 1920-01-16 1922-01-03 Ralph A Megenity Concrete construction
GB176868A (en) * 1920-12-11 1922-03-13 William Ernest Clifton Improvements in the construction of concrete walls for buildings
US1414425A (en) * 1921-01-21 1922-05-02 John H Lewis Wall construction
US1578511A (en) * 1923-02-08 1926-03-30 Frederic E Gladwin Wall construction
US1794678A (en) * 1929-03-05 1931-03-03 Charles E Eastman Concrete building structure
US2088645A (en) * 1936-02-24 1937-08-03 Russell R Fling Building structure
US2188424A (en) * 1938-05-07 1940-01-30 Awbrey William Powell Support and spacer for concrete reinforcements
FR1286861A (en) * 1961-01-27 1962-03-09 A method for rendering adherent metal plates to concrete plates and equipped for this purpose

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1233508A (en) * 1913-05-07 1917-07-17 August C Rogalske Concrete construction.
US1285768A (en) * 1918-05-18 1918-11-26 Ralph A Megenity Wall-stud.
US1402429A (en) * 1920-01-16 1922-01-03 Ralph A Megenity Concrete construction
GB176868A (en) * 1920-12-11 1922-03-13 William Ernest Clifton Improvements in the construction of concrete walls for buildings
US1414425A (en) * 1921-01-21 1922-05-02 John H Lewis Wall construction
US1578511A (en) * 1923-02-08 1926-03-30 Frederic E Gladwin Wall construction
US1794678A (en) * 1929-03-05 1931-03-03 Charles E Eastman Concrete building structure
US2088645A (en) * 1936-02-24 1937-08-03 Russell R Fling Building structure
US2188424A (en) * 1938-05-07 1940-01-30 Awbrey William Powell Support and spacer for concrete reinforcements
FR1286861A (en) * 1961-01-27 1962-03-09 A method for rendering adherent metal plates to concrete plates and equipped for this purpose

Cited By (34)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3552277A (en) * 1964-10-24 1971-01-05 David Avital Construction element with helically wound anchor lattice
US3768225A (en) * 1968-04-03 1973-10-30 M Sloan Method of precasting a masonry wall panel
US4479338A (en) * 1981-10-02 1984-10-30 Robertson Gordon M Building elements and method of constructing a building
US4804299A (en) * 1986-07-09 1989-02-14 United International, Inc. Retaining wall system
FR2603057A1 (en) * 1986-08-25 1988-02-26 Harnwell Philippe Method for producing and fitting decorative architectural elements made of reinforced concrete
EP0288393A1 (en) * 1987-04-23 1988-10-26 BOUSSAC SAINT FRERES B.S.F. Société anonyme dite: Water-tight material for cement or concrete structures and applications of this material
FR2614335A1 (en) * 1987-04-23 1988-10-28 Boussac Saint Freres Bsf Material of tightness for fabricated cement or concrete and applications of this material
US4901494A (en) * 1988-12-09 1990-02-20 Miller Brian J Collapsible forming system and method
FR2652604A1 (en) * 1989-10-04 1991-04-05 Heripre Alain Thin covering element in the form of a plate intended to be associated with a surface in order to protect the latter from attack
US5323578A (en) * 1990-12-19 1994-06-28 Claude Chagnon Prefabricated formwork
WO1998016700A1 (en) * 1996-10-12 1998-04-23 Kewo Holding Gmbh Device for securing shuttering panels in a concrete disposable pattern
US6609340B2 (en) * 1998-01-16 2003-08-26 Eco-Block, Llc Concrete structures and methods of forming the same using extenders
EP1036891A1 (en) * 1999-03-01 2000-09-20 Gabriele Raschke Prefabricated composite system for producing interior or exterior walls for buildings
US20040237424A1 (en) * 1999-06-14 2004-12-02 Zhi Fan Structure formed of foaming cement and lightweight steel and a structural system and method of forming the structural system
US6871466B2 (en) * 1999-06-14 2005-03-29 Zhi Fan Structure formed of foaming cement and lightweight steel and a structural system and method of forming the structural system
US7073300B1 (en) * 1999-09-01 2006-07-11 Udo Sohns Reinforced concrete part for producing foundations of buildings
US7347029B2 (en) 2002-12-02 2008-03-25 Wostal Terry K Collapsible concrete forms
US20050108963A1 (en) * 2002-12-02 2005-05-26 Wostal Terry K. Collapsible concrete forms
US8276340B2 (en) * 2005-02-07 2012-10-02 Polycrete International Inc. Concrete wall formwork module
US20080005991A1 (en) * 2005-02-07 2008-01-10 Serge Meilleur Concrete Wall Formwork Module
US20080172973A1 (en) * 2007-01-22 2008-07-24 Ideas Without Borders Inc, System for reinforcing a building structural component
US8713887B2 (en) * 2007-01-22 2014-05-06 Ideas Without Borders Inc. System for reinforcing a building structural component
WO2008092664A3 (en) * 2007-02-02 2008-11-06 Bt Innovation Gmbh Construction element
WO2008092664A2 (en) * 2007-02-02 2008-08-07 B.T. Innovation Gmbh Construction element
US20160305139A1 (en) * 2009-01-07 2016-10-20 Cfs Concrete Forming Systems Inc. Methods and apparatus for restoring, repairing, reinforcing and/or protecting structures using concrete
US9879436B2 (en) * 2009-01-07 2018-01-30 Cfs Concrete Forming Systems Inc Methods and apparatus for restoring, repairing, reinforcing and/or protecting structures using concrete
US10022825B2 (en) 2010-07-06 2018-07-17 Cfs Concrete Forming Systems Inc. Method for restoring, repairing, reinforcing, protecting, insulating and/or cladding a variety of structures
US9890512B2 (en) 2010-09-28 2018-02-13 Les Materiaux De Construction Oldcastle Canada, Inc. Retaining wall
US9784005B2 (en) 2012-01-05 2017-10-10 Cfs Concrete Forming Systems Inc. Systems for restoring, repairing, reinforcing, protecting, insulating and/or cladding structures with locatable stand-off components
US9790681B2 (en) 2012-01-05 2017-10-17 Cfs Concrete Forming Systems Inc. Panel-to-panel connections for stay-in-place liners used to repair structures
US9091089B2 (en) 2013-03-12 2015-07-28 Icf Mform Llc Insulating concrete form (ICF) system with tie member modularity
US9175486B2 (en) 2013-03-12 2015-11-03 Icf Mform Llc Insulating concrete form (ICF) system with modular tie members and associated ICF tooling
US9783991B2 (en) 2013-12-06 2017-10-10 Cfs Concrete Forming Systems Inc. Structure cladding trim components and methods for fabrication and use of same
US9982444B2 (en) 2014-04-04 2018-05-29 Cfs Concrete Forming Systems Inc. Liquid and gas-impermeable connections for panels of stay-in-place form-work systems

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