US3306179A - Fan ventilator with air shroud means - Google Patents

Fan ventilator with air shroud means Download PDF

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Publication number
US3306179A
US3306179A US46004265A US3306179A US 3306179 A US3306179 A US 3306179A US 46004265 A US46004265 A US 46004265A US 3306179 A US3306179 A US 3306179A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
shroud
ventilator
passage
impeller
space
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Lamble Howard Russell
Burtenshaw Raymond Alfre Frank
Gowan Peter Harold
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Colt Ventilation and Heating Ltd
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Colt Ventilation and Heating Ltd
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Publication date
Priority to GB2306264A priority Critical patent/GB1094125A/en
Application filed by Colt Ventilation and Heating Ltd filed Critical Colt Ventilation and Heating Ltd
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3306179A publication Critical patent/US3306179A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/08Air-flow control members, e.g. louvres, grilles, flaps or guide plates
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04DNON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04D25/00Pumping installations or systems
    • F04D25/02Units comprising pumps and their driving means
    • F04D25/08Units comprising pumps and their driving means the working fluid being air, e.g. for ventilation
    • F04D25/12Units comprising pumps and their driving means the working fluid being air, e.g. for ventilation the unit being adapted for mounting in apertures
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04DNON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04D29/00Details, component parts, or accessories
    • F04D29/40Casings; Connections of working fluid
    • F04D29/52Casings; Connections of working fluid for axial pumps
    • F04D29/54Fluid-guiding means, e.g. diffusers
    • F04D29/541Specially adapted for elastic fluid pumps
    • F04D29/545Ducts
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F7/00Ventilation
    • F24F7/007Ventilation with forced flow
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F7/00Ventilation
    • F24F7/02Roof ventilation
    • F24F7/025Roof ventilation with forced air circulation by means of a built-in ventilator

Description

Feb. 28, 1967 LAMB|E ET AL 3,306,179
FAN VENTILATOR WITH AIR SHROUD MEANS 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed June 1, 1965 INVEMTOES Mowmzp RUSSELL l-AKBH: Qua/ au fiLFRep FRANK flue-rea ms! Ev 1E1ZR l-mkoq Gown N Mm fats- L? Feb. 28, 1967 LAMB|E ETAL 3,306,179
FAN VENTILATOR WITH AIR SHROUD MEANS Filed June 1, 1965 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVEUTO% Hownltp RUSSELL LAMBIE RWMOND hL-Fgflfip FRANK B Q MSHAW PETE-R HAROLD v qowmv.
A-rTo E N EYE United States Patent Uflflce 33%,179 Patented Feb. 28, 1967 3,306,179 FAN VENTILATQR WITH AIR SHRGUD MEANS Howard Russell Lamhie, Hayling Island, Raymond Alfred Frank Burtenshaw, Havant, and Peter Haroid Gowan, Weybridge, England, assignors to Colt Ventiiation and Heating Limited, Snrhiton. England, a British company Filed June 1, 1965, Ser. No. 469,642 Claims priority, application Great Britain, June 3, H64, 23,062/ 64 6 Claims. (Cl. 98-43) This invention relates to ventilators and is concerned with powered discharge ventilators employing an extraction fan (which may have an impeller of the axial flow type or the propeller type), for use mounted on a bounding structure (e.g. a wall or roof) of a space to be ventilated by the ventilator to extract air from said space and discharge it to the outside of said bounding structure.
Hitherto, a common practice with such ventilators using the propeller type of fan has been to mount the fan motor unit on a so-called diaphragm plate in a body structure of the ventilator to be carried on the bounding structure, the impeller blades of the fan running with clearance in a circular aperture in the plate which aperture communicates on the upstream side with the space from which air is to be extracted, and on the downstream side with passage means defined by the body structure and leading outside said space for the discharge of the extracted air.
According to the present invention, in a ventilator of the kind envisaged in the opening paragraphs of this specification, the impeller is mounted to run closely within the downstream end of a circular sectioned ducting or shroud which extends upstream of the impeller to communicate with said space through a flared or hell mouthed entry portion, the ducting or shroud communicating on its downstream side with said passage means.
By the use of such a bell mouthed ducting leading air intothe impeller as opposed to a simple diaphragm plate, the entry conditions to the ventilator are improved inasfar as air is drawn more uniformly into the whole of the area swept by the blades of the impeller. The efiiciency of the ventilator is accordingly improved compared with the diaphragm plate arrangement and this may be employed in a reduction of the fan speed so as to lessen the noise generated by the ventilator whilst maintaining the same rate of extraction.
According to a feature of the invention, said passage means is arranged to communicate, upstream, with said space around .the outside of the impeller ducting or shroud, the passage means receiving at least the downstream end of the impeller ducting.
This feature of the present invention finds particular application to constructions of powered ventilator in which the body structure of the ventilator and the passage means receiving the air extracted by a fan are rectangular in cross-section. This rectangular sectioned passage means, according to the last described feature of the invention, receives at least the downstream end of the circularsectioned impeller ducting, the Opening or openings defined between the circular-sectioned ducting and the rectangular sectioned passage means being left open, at least in part, for the entrainment therethrough of air from said space into the air stream discharging from the fan. In this way the effectiveness or performance of the ventilator is still further improved. Instead of the passage means being of rectangular section, circular-sectioned passage means could be used, the circular-sectioned passage means being of larger diameter than the downstream end of the impeller ducting so as to leave an annular gap for the entrainment of air.
The air entering the passage means from the impe ler ducting is caused to expand thereby creating a relatively 2 lower, downstream pressure Zone in the passage means so that air is drawn through the passage means from said space and entrained in the main extracted air stream discharging from the fan.
A specific embodiment of the present invention will now be described, merely by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
PEG. 1 is a cross-sectional side elevation of a powered discharge roof ventilator according to the present invention,
FIG. 2 is a plan view of the ventilator with parts removed to show certain details of construction,
FIG. 3 is a plan view of the impeller shroud or ducting provided according to the present invention, and
FIG. 4 is a cross-section on line 44 in FIG. 3.
The ventilator comprises a body structure made up of a rectangular base plate 10 which is intended to be flashed to the roof, the plate 19 having a rectangular aperture from which an upwardly extending, uniformly rectangular sectioned trunking providing a passage means 12 is provided leading to an outlet through an assemblage of non-return shutters 13 and under a cowl M carried by the body structure and sheltering the upper end of the passage means which is closed by the non-return shutters when the ventilator is not operating. In each corner of the passage means 12 a triangular bracket or support plate 15 is provided bolted or otherwise attached as at 16 to the wall of the passage means. Carried on these support plates 15 is a fan motor unit 18 of which the electric motor is carried on depending arms 17 attached at their upper ends to the underside of the support plates 15. The motor lies in the rectangular aperture 11 in the plate 10 and the impeller 26, which in the present example is of the axial flow type as normally used in an axial flow fan is positioned downstream of the motor within the passage means 12 at about the level of the support plates 15. Also supported from the plates 15, by means of brackets 22, is a circular-sectioned ducting or impeller shroud 25 the downstream end of which lies within the passage means 12. The impeller 20 is encircled closely by and lies in the downstream end of this shroud. The shroud 25 extends a short distance upstream of the fan through the aperture in the base plate 16. The shroud or ducting 25 has a flared or hell mouthed entry portion 26 (see also FIGS. 3 and 4) at its upstream end. The flared entry portion 26 allows air to flow smoothly in and along the shroud or ducting wall so that the tips of the impeller blades are properly supplied with air and the shroud runs full of air at its downstream end. The space 39 between the rectangular sectioned passage means 12 and the circular-sectioned ducting 25 is blocked only by the support plates 15 which are confined to the corners of the rectangular sectioned passage means previously explained. A considerable opening is therefore defined between the ducting and the passage means through which extra air may be entrained from the space being ventilated.
The portion 26 lies in part within the passage means 12 and the entry portion 26 is cut away as at 32 at the ends of two diameters at right angles and in planes respectively parallel to the four walls of the passage means 12 to enable the portion 26 to be received within the passage means. This arrangement permits of the use of an impeller of a diameter approaching the distance between opposite pairs of walls of the passage means without forfeiting the advantages of the bell mouthed entry portion whilst at the same time not having to locate the bell mouthed entry portion entirely upstream of the plate iii.
If the ventilator has a considerable depth of roof structure to penetrate (such as might be involved in a ceiling) in order to communicate with the interior space to be ventilated, a further rectangular sectioned trunking 35 is provided (as shown chain dotted in FIG. 1) extending downwardly from the aperture in the plate 10. The bell mouthed entry portion 26 of the ducting 25 is received within the upper end of the trunking 35. With this arrangement air may still be entrained from the trunking around the outside of the ducting 25.
The axial flow fan impeller 20 has of aerofoil cross-section.
We claim:
1. A powered discharge ventilator for use mounted on a bounding structure of a space to be ventilated by the ventilator to extract air from said space and discharge it to the outside of said bounding structure, the ventilator comprising a body structure adapted to be mounted on the bounding structure, support means carried by said body structure, an extraction fan including an impeller motor unit mounted on said support means and housed in said body structure, said body structure defining passage means leading outside said space for the discharge of the extracted air, a circular sectioned shroud mounted on said support means and housed in said body structure, said shroud having a downstream end and an upstream end, the downstream end of the shroud closely surrounding the tips of the blades of the impeller or" said impeller motor unit, the shroud extending upstream of the impeller to its upstream end and opening through its downstream end into said passage means, the upstream end of said shroud opening into the space to be ventilated by the ventilator, the shroud defining a flared entry portion for extracted air at its upstream end.
2. A ventilator as claimed in claim 1, in which said passage means is arranged to communicate, upstream, with the space to be ventilated by the ventilator around the outside of the shroud, the passage means receiving at least the downstream end of the shroud.
3. A powered discharge ventilator for use mounted on a bounding structure of a space to be ventilated by the ventilator to extract air from said space and discharge it to the outside of said bounding structure, the ventilator comprising a rectangular sectioned body structure adapted to be mounted on the bounding structure, an extraction fan including an impeller motor unit mounted in said body structure, said body structure defining rectangular sectioned passage means leading outside said space for the discharge of the extracted air, a circular sectioned shroud mounted in said body structure, said shroud having a downstream end and an upstream end, the downstream end of the shroud closely surrounding the tips of the blades of the impeller of said impeller motor unit, the shroud extending upstream of the impeller to its upstream end and opening through its downstream end into said passage means, the upstream end of said shroud opening into the space to be ventilated by the ventilator, the shroud defining a flared entry portion for extracted air at its upstream end.
4. A ventilator as claimed in claim 3, in which the blades which are flared entry portion of the shroud extends at least in part within said rectangular cross-sectioned passage means which is of uniform rectangular cross-section defined by four planar wall sections and the flared entry portion of the shroud is cut away at opposite ends of two diameters at right angles and in planes respectively parallel to the four wall sections of the passage means enabling the flared entry portion to be received within the passage means.
5. A ventilator as claimed in claim 3 the preceding claims having a fan impeller of the axial flow type and runs in a cylindrical portion of the shroud, said flared entry portion of the shroud opening directly into said cylindrical portion.
6. A powered discharge ventilator for use mounted on a bounding structure of a space to be ventilated by the ventilator to extract air from said space and discharge it to the outside of said bounding structure, the ventilator comprising a rectangular sectioned body structure adapted to be mounted on the bounding structure, support means carried by said body structure, an extraction fan including an axial flow impeller motor unit mounted on said support means and housed in said body structure said body structure comprising four planar wall sections defining passage means of uniform rectangular cross-section leading outside said space for the discharge of the extracted air, a circular sectioned shroud mounted on said support means and housed in said body structure, said shroud having a downstream end and an upstream end, the shroud having a cylindrical portion defining the downstream end of said shroud, the downstream end of the shroud closely surrounding the tips of the blades of the impeller of the impeller motor unit, the shroud extending upstream of the impeller to its upstream end and opening through its downstream end into said passage means, the upstream end of said shroud defining a flared entry portion for extracted air at its upstream end, the flared entry portion of the shroud opening directly into said cylindrical portion of the shroud and extending at least in part within said rectangular cross-sectioned passage means, the flar d entry portion of the shroud being cut away at opposite ends of two diameters at right angles in planes respectively parallel to the four wall sections of said passage means enabling the flared entry portion to be received within the passage means.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,641,987 6/1953 Burgan 98-43 2,684,621 7/1954 Cook 98-43 2,735,611 2/1956 McLean.
3,078,781 2/1963 Jentoft 98-43 MEYER PERLIN, Primary Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. A POWERED DISCHARGE VENTILATOR FOR USE MOUNTED ON A BOUNDING STRUCTURE OF A SPACE TO BE VENTILATED BY THE VENTILATOR TO EXTRACT AIR FROM SAID SPACE AND DISCHARGE IT TO THE OUTSIDE OF SAID BOUNDING STRUCTURE, THE VENTILATOR COMPRISING A BODY STRUCTURE ADAPTED TO BE MOUNTED ON THE BOUNDING STRUCTURE, SUPPORT MEANS CARRIED BY SAID BODY STRUCTURE, AN EXTRACTION FAN INCLUDING AN IMPELLER MOTOR UNIT MOUNTED ON SAID SUPPORT MEANS AND HOUSED IN SAID BODY STRUCTURE, SAID BODY STRUCTURE DEFINING PASSAGE MEANS LEADING OUTSIDE SAID SPACE FOR THE DISCHARGE OF THE EXTRACTED AIR, A CIRCULAR SECTIONED SHROUD MOUNTED ON SAID SUPPORT MEANS AND HOUSED IN SAID BODY STRUCTURE, SAID SHROUD HAVING A DOWNSTREAM END AND AN UPSTREAM END, THE DOWNSTREAM END OF THE SHROUD CLOSELY SURROUNDING THE TIPS OF THE BLADES OF THE IMPELLER OF SAID IMPELLER
US46004265 1964-06-03 1965-06-01 Fan ventilator with air shroud means Expired - Lifetime US3306179A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB2306264A GB1094125A (en) 1964-06-03 1964-06-03 Improvements in or relating to ventilators

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US3306179A true US3306179A (en) 1967-02-28

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US (1) US3306179A (en)
BE (1) BE664832A (en)
DE (2) DE1924873U (en)
FR (1) FR1436392A (en)
GB (1) GB1094125A (en)
NL (1) NL6507029A (en)

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3396652A (en) * 1966-06-15 1968-08-13 Jenn Air Corp Ventilating skylight with heat vent
US3472150A (en) * 1967-10-19 1969-10-14 Strawsine Mfg Co Self-closing flexible damper
US4850267A (en) * 1985-05-10 1989-07-25 Osborne Industries, Inc. Wind diverter for ventilator fans
US6077043A (en) * 1996-12-19 2000-06-20 Emerson Electric Co. Impeller for a fan and a method for making same
US20160146222A1 (en) * 2014-11-21 2016-05-26 Airius Ip Holdings, Llc Air moving device
US9416989B1 (en) * 2010-09-17 2016-08-16 Chien Luen Industries Co., Ltd., Inc. 80/90 CFM bath fan with telescoping side extension brackets and side by side motor and blower wheel
US9528714B2 (en) 2010-09-10 2016-12-27 Chien Luen Industries Co., Ltd., Inc. 70 CFM bath ventilation fans with flush mount lights and motor beneath blower wheel
US10184489B2 (en) 2011-06-15 2019-01-22 Airius Ip Holdings, Llc Columnar air moving devices, systems and methods
US10221861B2 (en) 2014-06-06 2019-03-05 Airius Ip Holdings Llc Columnar air moving devices, systems and methods
EP3553321A1 (en) * 2018-04-10 2019-10-16 Carrier Corporation Hvac fan inlet
US10487852B2 (en) 2016-06-24 2019-11-26 Airius Ip Holdings, Llc Air moving device
US10487840B2 (en) 2004-03-15 2019-11-26 Airius Ip Holdings, Llc Temperature destratification systems
US10641506B2 (en) 2013-12-19 2020-05-05 Airius Ip Holdings, Llc Columnar air moving devices, systems and methods
US10655841B2 (en) 2013-12-19 2020-05-19 Airius Ip Holdings, Llc Columnar air moving devices, systems and methods
USD885550S1 (en) 2017-07-31 2020-05-26 Airius Ip Holdings, Llc Air moving device
USD886275S1 (en) 2017-01-26 2020-06-02 Airius Ip Holdings, Llc Air moving device
USD887541S1 (en) 2019-03-21 2020-06-16 Airius Ip Holdings, Llc Air moving device

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2414649B1 (en) * 1978-01-12 1980-08-22 Etri Sa

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2078781A (en) * 1936-02-05 1937-04-27 Gen Electric Time switch
US2641987A (en) * 1951-02-09 1953-06-16 Joseph N Burgan Ventilator
US2684621A (en) * 1952-12-05 1954-07-27 Loren Cook Company Attic ventilator
US2735611A (en) * 1956-02-21 mclean

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2735611A (en) * 1956-02-21 mclean
US2078781A (en) * 1936-02-05 1937-04-27 Gen Electric Time switch
US2641987A (en) * 1951-02-09 1953-06-16 Joseph N Burgan Ventilator
US2684621A (en) * 1952-12-05 1954-07-27 Loren Cook Company Attic ventilator

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3396652A (en) * 1966-06-15 1968-08-13 Jenn Air Corp Ventilating skylight with heat vent
US3472150A (en) * 1967-10-19 1969-10-14 Strawsine Mfg Co Self-closing flexible damper
US4850267A (en) * 1985-05-10 1989-07-25 Osborne Industries, Inc. Wind diverter for ventilator fans
US6077043A (en) * 1996-12-19 2000-06-20 Emerson Electric Co. Impeller for a fan and a method for making same
US10487840B2 (en) 2004-03-15 2019-11-26 Airius Ip Holdings, Llc Temperature destratification systems
US9528714B2 (en) 2010-09-10 2016-12-27 Chien Luen Industries Co., Ltd., Inc. 70 CFM bath ventilation fans with flush mount lights and motor beneath blower wheel
US9416989B1 (en) * 2010-09-17 2016-08-16 Chien Luen Industries Co., Ltd., Inc. 80/90 CFM bath fan with telescoping side extension brackets and side by side motor and blower wheel
US9816717B1 (en) 2010-09-17 2017-11-14 Chien Luen Industries Co., Ltd., Inc. 80/90 CFM bath fan with telescoping side extension brackets and side by side motor and blower wheel
US10184489B2 (en) 2011-06-15 2019-01-22 Airius Ip Holdings, Llc Columnar air moving devices, systems and methods
US10655841B2 (en) 2013-12-19 2020-05-19 Airius Ip Holdings, Llc Columnar air moving devices, systems and methods
US10641506B2 (en) 2013-12-19 2020-05-05 Airius Ip Holdings, Llc Columnar air moving devices, systems and methods
US10221861B2 (en) 2014-06-06 2019-03-05 Airius Ip Holdings Llc Columnar air moving devices, systems and methods
US10724542B2 (en) 2014-06-06 2020-07-28 Airius Ip Holdings, Llc Columnar air moving devices, systems and methods
US20160146222A1 (en) * 2014-11-21 2016-05-26 Airius Ip Holdings, Llc Air moving device
US10487852B2 (en) 2016-06-24 2019-11-26 Airius Ip Holdings, Llc Air moving device
USD886275S1 (en) 2017-01-26 2020-06-02 Airius Ip Holdings, Llc Air moving device
USD885550S1 (en) 2017-07-31 2020-05-26 Airius Ip Holdings, Llc Air moving device
EP3553321A1 (en) * 2018-04-10 2019-10-16 Carrier Corporation Hvac fan inlet
EP3633210A1 (en) * 2018-04-10 2020-04-08 Carrier Corporation Hvac fan inlet
US10982863B2 (en) 2018-04-10 2021-04-20 Carrier Corporation HVAC fan inlet
USD887541S1 (en) 2019-03-21 2020-06-16 Airius Ip Holdings, Llc Air moving device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB1094125A (en) 1967-12-06
DE1503510A1 (en) 1970-02-12
NL6507029A (en) 1965-12-06
DE1924873U (en) 1965-10-07
BE664832A (en) 1965-10-01
FR1436392A (en) 1966-04-22

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