US3304858A - Electromechanical printing system for digital systems - Google Patents

Electromechanical printing system for digital systems Download PDF

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US3304858A
US3304858A US332614A US33261463A US3304858A US 3304858 A US3304858 A US 3304858A US 332614 A US332614 A US 332614A US 33261463 A US33261463 A US 33261463A US 3304858 A US3304858 A US 3304858A
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means
symbol selection
selection area
symbols
opposite
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Roy W Reach
William M Kahn
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MATHATRONICS Inc
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MATHATRONICS Inc
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J1/00Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the mounting, arrangement, or disposition of the types or dies
    • B41J1/22Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the mounting, arrangement, or disposition of the types or dies with types or dies mounted on carriers rotatable for selection
    • B41J1/32Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the mounting, arrangement, or disposition of the types or dies with types or dies mounted on carriers rotatable for selection the plane of the type or die face being parallel to the axis of rotation, e.g. with type on the periphery of cylindrical carriers
    • B41J1/34Carriers rotating during impression

Description

Feb. 21, 1967 R w, REACH ET AL 3,304,858

ELECTROMECHANICAL PRINTING SYSTEM FOR DIGITAL SYSTEMS Filed Dec. 23, 1963 2 Sheets-Sheet l ENGRAVED :3 PRINT WHEEL smaoLsm I (mason IZ/MPER TAPE 3s HAMMER II'I 40 v I LIMIT PLATE 35 H SOLENOID a? 7==\ wmoms ARMATURE PLATE 38 39 RETURN SPRING FIG?) INVENTORS ROY w. REACH BY WILLIAMFLKAHN v ATTORNEYS PAPER RIBBON Feb. 21, 1967 R. W. REACH ET AL ELECTROMECHANICAL PRINTING SYSTEM FOR DIGITAL SYSTEMS Filed Dec. 23, 1963 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INDEx ACTIVE SIGNAL FROM PRINTER CHARACTER TO 52 25 /RESET TO INITIAL sTATE BE P 0 b C d e a I /66 20 STATE BINARY COUNTER d COMPARATOR s OUTPUT LINES e L 64 COuNT COMMAND 7| DRIVE 42 To PRINT TRIGGERED sTOP PULSE sTART DRIVE To BI \SSSEIIEIONING GENERATOR PRINT HAMMER PRINT MOTOR START 72, INTERvALTIMER HAMMER sOLENOID s3 55 PRINT SET 73 sPACE COMMAND COMMAND I 62 sTART 54 PRINT CYCLE BUSY FAPERAND RIBBON DRIVE To PRINT INTERVAL TIMER COMPLETE PAPER AND RIBBON SIGNAL RESET 7s 74 SOLENOID v FIG. 5

PRINTCOMMAND R T R CHA E E BE sPACE COMMAND I I 55 PRINT PK; 6 52 COMPLETE ELECTRONIC CONTROL UNIT SOLENOID| INDEX ACTIVE PRINTER (A) PRINT COMMAND (B) PRINT CYCLE BUSY (C) PRINT OOMPLETE TRlGGERED PuLsE o GENERATOR ATTORNEYS I United States Patent 3,304,858 ELECTROMECHANICAL PRINTING SYSTEM FOR DIGITAL SYSTEMS Roy W. Reach, Sudbury, and William M. Kahn, Brighton, Mass., assignors to Mathatronics, Inc., Waltham, Mass,

a corporation of Massachusetts Filed Dec. 23, 1963, Ser. No. 332,614 13 Claims. (Cl. 101-93) The present invention relates in general to symbol selection and more particularly concerns a novel electromechanical printing system especially useful in connection with digital control systems. A particular form of the invention creates a printed record on a narrow paper tape to display the results of actions that have been either created electronically or have been converted into electronic form for manipulation purposes prior to being printed. Printing occurs at a relatively rapid rate with high reliability in a system composed of relatively few components.

One type of conventional strip printer produces a printed record upon the activation of a large number of mechanically coupled parts arranged in a system powered by an electric motor. Mechanical selection of the character to be printed,either by linkage from a keyboard or by the electronic activation of a solenoid or solenoids, usually initiates printing action. This mechanical selection typically engages the motor to drive interconnected mechanical parts through a cycle causing the desired characters to be printed. This cycle ends with the release of the motor from the mechanical coupling.

In another prior art electronically controlled printer, a continuously rotating drum carries impressions of the various symbols for printing around each of a series of axially spaced circumferential tracks with the drum axis generally parallel to a line to be printed. By activating a bank of print hammers, either electrically or mechanically, at suitable times, the paper receives a line of printing upon each drum revolution as each hammer urges paper and drum together at the precise-instant the character selected for printing is opposite a respective printing hammer.

These prior art printers have a number of disadvantages. The former printer is primarily a mechanical device with a large number of complex moving parts. As a-result, this printer is expensive, complicated to construct, relatively large in size and diflicult to maintain in good working order. Furthermore, when this type of printer is used in conjunction with electronic systems which designate symbols for printing by electronic signals rather than symbol selection area.

mechanical signals, the interconnecting electronics reover a long period of time without adjustment. Further-- more, the finite movement of the drum during the finite interval in which the print hammer urges paper and drum together results in a tendency to smear the characters and produce irregular lines of print. The requirement for precise synchronization between instantaneous drum position and actuation of a print hammer results in complex mechanisms for the print hammer system and the electromechanical sensing system for providing continuous information on the drum position to the electronic controls.

It is an important object of this invention to provide an efiicient electronically controlled printer that is relatively inexpensive to build and maintain, compact, reliable and relatively fast in operation.

It is a further object of this invention to achieve the preceding object with relatively few interconnected mechanical parts.

It is still another object of the invention to achieve the preceding objects with relatively little driving power and a driving unit that is relatively compact and low in cost.

It is still a further object of the invention to achieve the preceding objects with a system where symbol selection is normally accomplished without using feedback.

It is still another object of the invention to achieve the preceding objects with a system free from critical timing relationships among a number of mechanical parts, yet capable of producing high quality impressions.

It is still another object of the invention to achieve the preceding objects in a strip printer.

According to the invention, means define a continuous surface having a succession of symbols each located in respective contiguous symbol cells thereon identifiable by a consecutive series of order numbers. Means define a Means support the continuous surface defining means relatively movable with respect to the symbol selection area so that any one of the symbols may be selectively positioned opposite the symbol selection area. Pulsating motive means move the continuous surface to position successively each of the symbols opposite the symbol selection area in stepwise increments each corresponding substantially to the length of a symbol cell along the continuous surface by one of such increments for each pulse that pulsates the motive means. Means pulse the pulsating motive means to advance the next of the symbols opposite the symbol selection area on each pulsation. Means provide an indexing signal indicative of the first of the symbols being opposite the symbol selection area. Means provide a count signal representative of one of the symbols selected for retention opposite the symbol selection area. Means responsive to each pulsation of the pulsating motive means provide a position signalreferenced to the index signal representative of which of the symbols is then opposite the symbol selection area. Means responsive to correspondence of that position signal with the count signal interrupt the pulsation of the motive means with the symbol selected for-retention positioned opposite the symbol selection area.

Numerous other features, 'objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following specification when read in connection with the accompanying drawing in which:

FIG. 1 shows a view of the novel printing mechanism above the key-board of a compact flexible digital computer incorporating electronic logic;

' FIG. 2 is a perspective view of basic elements of an embodiment of the printing mechanism; 7

FIG. 2A is a front view in greater detail of the print wheel and print hammer of FIG. 2;

FIG. 3 is a rear view of the apparatus shown in FIG. '2;

FIG. 4 is a block diagram illustrating the logical arrangement of a printing system according to the invention;

FIG. 5 is a more detailed block diagram illustrating the logical arrangement of a specific system according to the invention; and

FIG. 6 is a graphical representation of electrical control signals plotted to a common time scale helpful in understanding the operation of the system of FIGS. 5 and 6.

With reference now to the drawing and more particularly FIG. 1 thereof, there is shown a perspective view of the novel printer positioned above the keyboard of a compact digital computer incorporating electronic logic.

Where appropriate, the same reference symbols identify Corresponding elements throughout the drawing. Results of computations initiated under operator control through the keyboard 11 are printed out on paper tape 12 through means including the novel printing mechanism 13. The printing mechanism includes a rotatable cylindrical element 14 separated from the paper strip 12 by an inked ribbon 15 carried on spools inside the replaceable case 16. This ribbon may be similar to the ribbon assembly used on typewriters. A reel 17 stores the paper strip 12. A sensing element 18, which may be a magnetic pickup, provides an indexing signal to indicate when the first of the array of symbols on the cylinder 14 is opposite the printing area on the tape.

Referring to FIG. 2, there is shown a more detailed view of certain elements of the printing mechanism 13 diagrammatically illustrating the relationship of the different elements. The ribbon control mechanism 21 selectively advances the ribbon 15 as it moves between left reel 22 and right reel 23. The ribbon 15 rides along ribbon guide 24 between the cylindrical print wheel 14, typically having twenty symbols engraved thereon in this specific embodiment, and the paper strip 12. The magnetic position sensor 18 provides an impulse on line 25 when the print wheel indexing set screw 26 passes close to magnetic sensor 18. The print wheel mounting shaft 27 carries the print wheel 14.

A paper driver roller 31 presses the paper tape 12 against the paper idler roller 32 to selectively advance the paper tape 12. The paper tape rides along right paper guide 33 and left paper guide 34.

A print hammer solenoid 35 drives print hammer 36 upward against paper tape 12 to define a symbol selection area on the paper tape where it urges the paper tape against the ribbon 15. This action produces an impression on the tape of the symbol selected for printing. This symbol is opposite the symbol selection area on the face of print wheel 14 when solenoid 35 is energized through solenoid leads 37.

Referring to FIG. 2A, there is shown a front view of the print wheel 14 and the solenoid operated print hammer in greater detail. The solenoid actuated hammer is of conventional type and includes the print hammer 36 at the upper end of the solenoid plunger which carries at its lower end an armature plate 38 urged downward by a return spring 39 when solenoid 35 is de-energized to a position corresponding to limit plate 40 contacting the top of the solenoid winding. The outline of the array of engraved symbols in relief is represented on the periphery of print wheel 14. Portions of ribbon 15 and paper tape strip 12 are also shown so that the relationship of the mechanical elements that produce the visible impression is clear.

Referring to FIG. 3, there is shown a rear view of the assembly of FIG. 2. The print wheel positioning motor 41 advances the print wheel so that each symbol moves in succession to a position opposite the symbol selection area defined by print hammer 36 upon receipt of a corresponding succession of electrical impulses on print wheel motor leads 42.

A paper and ribbon drive rotary solenoid 43 advances a paper drive gear 44 and the ribbon drive connection 45 through means including a push rod 46 when the rotary solenoid leads 47 are energized.

The printer operates as follows. Electrical impulses in a driving train of pulses applied to leads 42 advance print wheel positioning motor 41 until the desired one of twenty possible symbols to be printed is opposite the symbol selection area defined by the print hammer 36. Each impulse advances the wheel of a revolution, or 18 degrees. An electrical impulse applied through leads 37 then activates print hammer solenoid 35 to push print hammer 19 upward to contact paper tape 12 and ribbon 15. As print hammer 36 advances further upward, print wheel 14 and paper tape 12 sandwich ribbon the position previously selected.

After print hammer 36 is withdrawn following impression of the selected symbol on the paper tape 12, an energy pulse is applied to leads 47 of paper and ribbon feed solenoid 43 to activate that solenoid. This causes the push rod 46 to move upward engaging both paper drive gear 44 via ratchet 48, and the ribbon control mechanism 21 through the ribbon and drive connection 45. Paper drive gear 44 rotates to cause paper drive roller 31 to move the paper strip 12 to the left one symbol position, thereby exposing the symbol just printed at the left of print wheel 14. Push rod 46 also causes the ribbon control mechanism 21 to displace the ribbon 15 by substantially at least one symbol position in preparation for printing the next symbol. Upon deenergizing paper and ribbon rotary solenoid 43, this solenoid returns to its original rest position allowing ratchet 48 to assume a position preparatory to pushing the paper drive gear 44 again in the next cycle. This completes the print cycle.

Whenever print wheel positioning motor 41 advances print wheel 14 to a position where steel set screw 26 is immediately adjacent to magnetic position sensor 18, index signal output line 25 provides a signal indicating an index position of the wheel 14 with the first of the symbols available for selection then being opposite the symbol selection area defined by print hammer 36. This signal may be used in association with an electronic control unit for subsequent control of the printer.

As a practical matter, the indexing signal provided on line 25 when the print wheel indexing set screw 26 passes close to magnetic sensor 18 is normally required only when power is first applied to the apparatus. This initial indexing may be effected by providing twenty pulses on line 42 when the apparatus is first energized to insure at least one revolution of the print wheel and the generation of an indexing pulse. Thereafter, the indexing pulse is really not needed and only serves as insurance that the position counter 64 will always be in step with the position of the print wheel. Since the pulse trains that drive the print wheel 14 and advance the position counter 64 start and stop together, only this starting and stopping of the pulse trains need be controlled.

Referring now to FIG. 4, there is shown a block diagram generally illustrating the logical arrangement of a printing system incorporating the printer 13 just described in association with an electronic control unit 51. The electronic control unit 51 receives a position count signal comprising an electrical code representation of a symbol selected for printing in parallel binary form on input lines 52, receives the index signal from line 25 and provides appropriate control signals on lines 37, 42 and 47 to effect printing of the symbol represented by the code on lines 52.

The five lines '52 can specify one of 32 possible combinations in binary code, but in the exemplary embodiment described herein with only 20 symbols on a single track, only 20 of the 32 possible identifying codes are used. The electronic control unit 51 also receives a PRINT COMMAND signal on line 53 which initiates a print cycle for printing the symbol specified by the coded signal then applied to lines 52. At the completion of such a cycle, the electronic control unit 51 provides a PRINT COMPLETE signal on line 54.

If it is desired to establish a blank space on paper strip 12, a SPACE COMMAND signal is applied to line 55. This signal causes paper strip 12 to space and renders the electronic control unit 51 insensitive to the state of lines 52.

Operation of an exemplary electronic control unit will be better understood by considering the more detailed block diagram of FIG. 5 along with the signal waveforms of FIG.. 6 plotted to a common time scale. A

PRINT COMMAND signal (FIG. 6A) applied to line 53 is coupled to the start input of triggered pulse generator 61 and to the set input of the PRINT CYCLE BUSY control unit 62 at time t Triggered pulse generator 61 produces a sequence of relatively high power driving pulses (FIG. 6D) on line 42 for stepping the print wheel positioning motor synchronized with counting pulses at lower power level on line 63 for advancing the twenty state binary counter 64. Each pulse from the triggered pulse generator 61 both causes print wheel 14 to advance one angular step (18) and causes the twenty state binary counter 64 to advance one state or count. The twenty state binary counter is reset to an initial state upon receipt of an indexing signal on line 25 from the magnetic pickup 18. Thus, the binary count in counter 64 corresponds to the position of print wheel 14 and identifies which symbol would then be printed if print hammer 36 was then actuated.

A comparator compares the binary number stored in counter 64 represented in parallel binary notation on the five output lines 67 with the signals applied on lines 52 designating the binary number identifying the symbol for printing. When the binary number represented by the signals on lines 67 corresponds to the binary number represented by the signals on lines 52, comparator 66 provides an output compare signal (FIG. 6E) on line 71 which at time I is applied to the stop input of trigger pulse generator 61 and the start input of print hammer interval timer 72. This comparator output signal stops triggered pulse generator 61 from providing any more output pulses, thereby keeping print wheel 14 stationary and the count in counter 64 indicative of that stationary position. This comparator signal also starts print hammer interval timer 72 to provide a signal (FIG. 6F) on line 37 for actuating the print hammer to effect printing.

Upon de-energizing output line 37 to withdraw print hammer 36, print hammer interval timer 72 provides a signal on output line 73 that energizes the start input of paper and ribbon interval timer 74 to produce a signal (FIG. 6G) on output line 47 at time i This signal energizes paper and ribbon rotary solenoid 43 to move paper and ribbon one space in the manner described above. A signal applied to the space command input line 55 will also operate paper and ribbon interval timer 74 to produce a signal on line 47 for energizing the paper and ribbon rotary solenoid 43. Upon operation of paper and ribbon interval timer '74 a signal transmitted on line 75 resets the print cycle busy flip-flop 62 to provide a PRINT COMPLETE resume signal on line 54 indicating the apparatus is ready to receive another PRINT SYM- BOL or SPACE COMMAND signal from external equipment.

A preferred embodiment of this invention operates at a maximum speed of 25 characters per second and an average speed of 18 characters per second. The triggered pulse generator 61 provides pulses at a 400 c.p.s. rate, thereby advancing the print wheel 14 of a revolution or 18 every 2.5 milliseconds. The print'hammer timer provides a millisecond pulse and the paper and ribbon feed timer provides a 25 millisecond pulse for driving the paper. This allows a maximum speed of 25 steps per second if the print wheel is not moved and a minimum speed of 11.4 characters per second if the wheel must be stepped 19 positionsthe worst case-per character.

It is evident that the specific sequence of moving the print wheel, activating the print hammer and moving the paper and ribbon could be effected in various sequences. It is also possible to provide a print wheel with a number of circumferential tracks together with means for displacing the print wheel axially to select a track within the principles of the invention, thereby multiplying the number of possible symbols that can be selected from a single print wheel. Numerous other modifications and uses of and departures from the specific embodiment described herein may be practiced by those skilled in the arts without departing from the inventive concepts. Consequently, the invention is to be construed as limited solely by the spirit and scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. Symbol selection apparatus comprising, means defining a continuous surface having a succession of symbols thereon identifiable by a consecutive series of order numbers, means defining a symbol selection area, means for supporting said continuous surface defining means relatively movable with respect to said symbol selection area so that any one of said symbols may be selectively positioned opposite said symbol selection area, pulsating motive means for moving said continuous surface in pulses to position successively in step-wise increments each of said symbols opposite and relatively stationary to said symbol selection area for at least a first duration less than the time interval between successive ones of said pulses, means for pulsing said pulsating motive means to advance the next of said symbols opposite said symbol selection area on each pulsation, means for providing an indexing signal indicative of the first of said symbols being opposite said symbol selection area, means for providing a count signal representative of one of said symbols selected for retention opposite said symbol selection area, means responsive to each pulsation of said pulsating motive means for providing a position signal referenced to said index signal representative of which of said symbols is then opposite said symbol selection area, and means responsive to correspondence of said position signal with said count signal for interrupting the pulsation of said motive means with said symbol selected for retention then opposite said symbol selection area and for maintaining said continuous surface and said symbol selection area relatively tationary for a second duration greater than the time interval between successive ones of said pulses. 2. Symbol selection apparatus in accordance with claim 1 wherein said means providing an indexing signal comprises means attached to said continuous surface defining means.

3. Symbol selection apparatus in accordance with claim 1 and further comprising,

means for receiving an impression of each symbol selected for retention opposite said symbol selection area, means for relatively moving said impression receiving means and the symbol opposite said symbol selection area together upon each interruption of pulsation to reproduce each selected symbol upon said impression receiving means during said duration, and means for successively advancing said impression receiving means relative to said symbol selection area to reproduce a selected train of said symbols upon said impression receiving means. 4. Symbol selection apparatus in accordance with claim 1 wherein said means for providing a position signal comprises a counter indexed in response to each pulsation and reset to a predetermined count when said first symbol is opposite said symbol selection area,

and the means responsive to correspondence of said position signal with said count signal comprises comparator means providing an output signal for interrupting the pulsation of said motive means when the count in said counter corresponds to a digital number represented by said position signal. 5. Symbol selection apparatus comprising, means defining a surface with a succession of symbols 7 each identifiable by a unique order number, means defining a symbol selection area, means for supporting said surface defining means relatively movable with respect to said symbol selection area so that any one of said symbols may be positioned opposite said symbol selection area, means for relatively displacing said surface defining means and said symbol selection area in stepwise increments to sequentially position each of said symbols opposite and relatively stationary to said symbol selection area for at least a first relatively short time duration, means for providing a position signal representative of which of said symbols is then opposite said sym bol selection area, means for providing a selection signal representative of the order number associated with one of said symbols, means responsive to said position and selection signals for providing a compare signal when said position signal represents the symbol associated with the latter order number, and means responsive to said compare signal for interrupting the relative displacement between said surface defining means and said symbol selection area with the latter symbol then opposite said symbol selection area and for maintaining said continuous surface and said symbol selection area relatively stationary for a second duration that is longer than said first duration. 6. Signal selection apparatus in accordance with claim 5 wherein said means for providing a position signal comprises a counter stepped in synchronism with the relative displacement between said surface defining means and said symbol selection area to store a digital number corresponding to the order number associated with the symbol then opposite said symbol selection area,

said means for providing a selection signal representative of the order number associated with one of said symbols includes means for providing a digital signal corresponding to the said latter order number, and said means for providing a compare signal includes means for providing said compare signal When the latter digital signal corresponds to the count in said counter. 7. Signal selection apparatus in accordance with claim 5 wherein said surface defining means comprises a cylinder rotatable about its axis,

and said means for relatively displacing comprises means for angularly displacing said cylinder in regular angular increments about said axis. 8. Signal selection apparatus in accordance with claim 6 wherein said surface defining means comprises a cylinder rotatable about its axis,

and said means for relatively displacing comprises means for angularly displacing said cylinder in regular angular increments about said axis. 9. Signal selection apparatus in accordance with claim 8 and further comprising a source of pulses,

means for applying pulses from said source to said means for angularly displacing to displace said cylinder one of said angular increments for each applied pulse, means for applying pulses from said source to said counter to advance the count stored therein by one for each applied pulse, and means responsive to said compare signal for interrupting the application of pulses from said source to said means for angularly displacing and to said counter. 10. Signal selection apparatus in accordance with claim 9 and further comprising,

means for receiving an impression of the symbol selected for retention opposite said symbol selection area, means responsive to said compare signal for relatively moving said impression receiving means and the symbol opposite said symbol selection area together for a prescribed time interval sufficient to then impress the latter symbol on said impression receiving means during said second duration,

means for relatively displacing said impression receiving means and said symbol selection area by a pre scribed space length following impression of a symbol on said impression receiving means,

a source of a command signal for initiating the delivery of pulses from said source of pulses to said means for angularly displacing and to said counter, and

means responsive to said command signal for providing a busy signal and responsive to said displacement by said prescribed space length for providing a completion signal indicating that said apparatus is ready to receive another position signal.

11. Symbol selection apparatus comprising,

means defining a continuous surface having a succession of symbols each located in respective contiguous symbol cells thereon and each identifiable by a respective order number in a consecutive series of order numbers,

means defining a symbol selection area,

means for supporting said continuous surface defining means relatively movable with respect to said symbol selection area so that any one of said symbols may be selectively positioned opposite said symbol selection area,

a source of pulses,

pulsatable motive means for relatively displacing said continuous surface with respect to said symbol selection area in stepwise increments with each of said increments corresponding substantially to the length of a said symbol cell along said continuous surface,

means for coupling a driving train of pulses from said source of pulses to said pulsatable motive means to position successively in said stepwise increments by one of said stepwise increments for each of said pulses each of said symbols opposite and relatively stationary to said symbol selection area for a first duration less than the time interval between successive pulses in said train,

means for providing an indexing signal indicative of the first of said symbols being opposite said symbol selection area,

position counter means for providing a position count signal,

means for coupling said indexing signal and a counting train of pulses syncronized with said driving train of pulses from said source of pulses to said position counter means to establish said position count signal representative of which of said symbols is then opposite said symbol selection area,

a source of a symbol selection count signal representative of an order number corresponding to that one of said symbols selected for retention opposite said symbol selection area,

comparing means responsive to correspondence between said position count signal and said symbol selection count signal for providing a compare signal,

and means responsive to said compare signal for terminating the coupling of said driving train of pulses to said pulsatable motive means and said counting train of pulses to said position counter means for at least a second duration greater than the time interval between successive ones of said pulses in said trains and thereby maintaining said continuous surface and said symbol selection area relatively stationary during said second duration.

12. Symbol selection apparatus in accordance with claim 11 and further comprising,

a source of a resume signal indicative of the end of said duration,

and means responsive to said resume signal for restoring the coupling of said driving train of pulses to said pulsatable motive means and said counting train of pulses to said position counter means.

13. Symbol selection apparatus in accordance with claim 12 and further comprising,

a medium for receiving a sequence of impressions of selected ones of said symbols,

and means responsive to each compare signal for placing an impression of the then selected symbol upon said medium during each second duration beside the impression of the immediately preceding impression.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS Durkee 10193 X Ridler 101-93 X Potter 101-93 Hartley 10193 Rosen et al 101-93 Cignetti 10193 Gmeiner 10193 Wasserman 10193 WILLIAM B. PENN, Primary Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. SYMBOL SELECTION APPARATUS COMPRISING, MEANS DEFINING A CONTINUOUS SURFACE HAVING A SUCCESSION OF SYMBOLS THEREON IDENTIFIABLE BY A CONSECUTIVE SERIES OF ORDER NUMBERS, MEANS DEFINING A SYMBOL SELECTION AREA, MEANS FOR SUPPORTING SAID CONTINUOUS SURFACE DEFINING MEANS RELATIVELY MOVABLE WITH RESPECT TO SAID SYMBOL SELECTION AREA SO THAT ANY ONE OF SAID SYMBOLS MAY BE SELECTIVELY POSITIONED OPPOSITE SAID SYMBOL SELECTION AREA, PULSATING MOTIVE MEANS FOR MOVING SAID CONTINUOUS SURFACE IN PULSES TO POSITION SUCCESSIVELY IN STEP-WISE INCREMENTS EACH OF SAID SYMBOLS OPPOSITE AND RELATIVELY STATIONARY TO SAID SYMBOL SELECTION AREA FOR AT LEAST A FIRST DURATION LESS T HAN THE TIME INTERVAL, BETWEEN SUCCESSIVE ONES OF SAID PULSES, MEANS FOR PULSING SAID PULSATING MOTIVE MEANS TO ADVANCE THE NEXT OF SAID SYMBOLS OPPOSITE SAID SYMBOL SELECTION AREA ON EACH PULSATION, MEANS FOR PROVIDING AN INDEXING SIGNAL INDICATIVE OF THE FIRST OF SAID SYMBOLS BEING OPPOSITE SAID SYMBOL SELECTION AREA, MEANS FOR PROVIDING A COUNT SIGNAL REPRESENTATIVE OF ONE OF SAID SYMBOL SELECTED FOR RETENTION OPPOSITE SAID SYMBOL SELECTION AREA, MEANS RESPONSIVE TO EACH PULSATION OF SAID PULSATING MOTIVE MEANS FOR PROVIDING A POSITION SIGNAL REFERENCED TO SAID INDEX SIGNAL REPRESENTATIVE OF WHICH OF SAID SYMBOLS IS THEN OPPOSITE SAID SYMBOL SELECTION AREA, AND MEANS RESPONSIVE TO CORRESPONDENCE OF SAID POSITION SIGNAL WITH SAID COUNT SIGNAL FOR INTERRUPTING THE PULSATION OF SAID MOTIVE MEANS WITH SAID SYMBOL SELECTED FOR RETENTION THEN OPPOSITE SAID SYMBOL SELECTION AREA AND FOR MAINTAINING SAID CONTINUOUS SURFACE AND SAID SYMBOL SELECTION AREA RELATIVELY STATIONARY FOR A SECOND DURATION GREATER THAN THE TIME INTERVAL BETWEEN SUCCESSIVE ONES OF SAID PULSES.
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Cited By (5)

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US3442364A (en) * 1967-10-02 1969-05-06 Friden Inc Printing system with helical arrangement of type on type wheel
US3463081A (en) * 1967-05-12 1969-08-26 Alfred B Levine Electrical high speed printer
US3467232A (en) * 1967-08-31 1969-09-16 Burroughs Corp Dot printing apparatus
US3534847A (en) * 1966-09-21 1970-10-20 Frederick P Willcox High speed teleprinter
USRE30942E (en) * 1979-04-23 1982-05-25 Tracor, Inc. Printing apparatus employing bidirectional stepping motors to position type member

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US2776618A (en) * 1953-06-11 1957-01-08 Hughes Aircraft Co Printing cylinders for high-speed printing systems
US2910935A (en) * 1956-06-19 1959-11-03 Olivetti & Co Spa High speed printer
US3024723A (en) * 1960-05-27 1962-03-13 Potter Instrument Co Inc Logical system for a high speed printer
US3015265A (en) * 1960-08-11 1962-01-02 Ibm Driving apparatus

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3534847A (en) * 1966-09-21 1970-10-20 Frederick P Willcox High speed teleprinter
US3463081A (en) * 1967-05-12 1969-08-26 Alfred B Levine Electrical high speed printer
US3467232A (en) * 1967-08-31 1969-09-16 Burroughs Corp Dot printing apparatus
US3442364A (en) * 1967-10-02 1969-05-06 Friden Inc Printing system with helical arrangement of type on type wheel
USRE30942E (en) * 1979-04-23 1982-05-25 Tracor, Inc. Printing apparatus employing bidirectional stepping motors to position type member

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