US3302057A - Flasher for directional and emergency signals - Google Patents

Flasher for directional and emergency signals Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3302057A
US3302057A US405149A US40514964A US3302057A US 3302057 A US3302057 A US 3302057A US 405149 A US405149 A US 405149A US 40514964 A US40514964 A US 40514964A US 3302057 A US3302057 A US 3302057A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
flasher
armature
winding
relay
terminal
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US405149A
Inventor
Hemming G Suberg
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Edison International Inc
Tung Sol Electric Inc
Original Assignee
Tung Sol Electric Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Tung Sol Electric Inc filed Critical Tung Sol Electric Inc
Priority to US405149A priority Critical patent/US3302057A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3302057A publication Critical patent/US3302057A/en
Assigned to STUDEBAKER-WORTHINGTON, INC. reassignment STUDEBAKER-WORTHINGTON, INC. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. Assignors: WAGNER ELECTRIC CORPORATION
Assigned to EDISON INTERNATONAL, INC. reassignment EDISON INTERNATONAL, INC. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. Assignors: STUDEBAKER-WORTHINGTON, INC., A CORP. OF DE
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60QARRANGEMENT OF SIGNALLING OR LIGHTING DEVICES, THE MOUNTING OR SUPPORTING THEREOF OR CIRCUITS THEREFOR, FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60Q1/00Arrangement of optical signalling or lighting devices, the mounting or supporting thereof or circuits therefor
    • B60Q1/26Arrangement of optical signalling or lighting devices, the mounting or supporting thereof or circuits therefor the devices being primarily intended to indicate the vehicle, or parts thereof, or to give signals, to other traffic
    • B60Q1/34Arrangement of optical signalling or lighting devices, the mounting or supporting thereof or circuits therefor the devices being primarily intended to indicate the vehicle, or parts thereof, or to give signals, to other traffic for indicating change of drive direction
    • B60Q1/38Arrangement of optical signalling or lighting devices, the mounting or supporting thereof or circuits therefor the devices being primarily intended to indicate the vehicle, or parts thereof, or to give signals, to other traffic for indicating change of drive direction using immovably-mounted light sources, e.g. fixed flashing lamps
    • B60Q1/387Mechanical temporisation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60QARRANGEMENT OF SIGNALLING OR LIGHTING DEVICES, THE MOUNTING OR SUPPORTING THEREOF OR CIRCUITS THEREFOR, FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60Q1/00Arrangement of optical signalling or lighting devices, the mounting or supporting thereof or circuits therefor
    • B60Q1/26Arrangement of optical signalling or lighting devices, the mounting or supporting thereof or circuits therefor the devices being primarily intended to indicate the vehicle, or parts thereof, or to give signals, to other traffic
    • B60Q1/46Arrangement of optical signalling or lighting devices, the mounting or supporting thereof or circuits therefor the devices being primarily intended to indicate the vehicle, or parts thereof, or to give signals, to other traffic for giving flashing caution signals during drive, other than signalling change of direction, e.g. flashing the headlights or hazard lights
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B5/00Visible signalling systems, e.g. personal calling systems, remote indication of seats occupied
    • G08B5/22Visible signalling systems, e.g. personal calling systems, remote indication of seats occupied using electric transmission; using electromagnetic transmission
    • G08B5/36Visible signalling systems, e.g. personal calling systems, remote indication of seats occupied using electric transmission; using electromagnetic transmission using visible light sources
    • G08B5/38Visible signalling systems, e.g. personal calling systems, remote indication of seats occupied using electric transmission; using electromagnetic transmission using visible light sources using flashing light

Description

Jan. 31, 1967 H. G. SIIBERG FLASHER FOR DIRECTIONAL AND EMERGENCY SIGNALS Filed Oct. 20. 1964 R mwflu WW w -W M M% w: y 6
United States Patent 3,302,057 FLASHER FOR DIRECTIONAL AND EMERGENCY SIGNALS Hemming G. Siiberg, Union, N.J., assignor to Tung-Sol Electric Inc., a corporation of Delaware Filed Oct. 20, 1964, Ser. No. 405,149 6 Claims. (Cl. 315-77) The present invention relates to flashers for automobile directional signals and comprises a novel combination of series type flasher with a magnetic relay which permits the system to be utilized optionally for control of directional signals or for emergency flashing of all signals.
The series type flashers are now in wide use in the automobile industry and in general comprise a vane which is deformed along one axis and held in a constrained position againstthe bias introduced by the deformation by an expansible pull ribbon. When current is passed through the flasher the pull ribbon expands and permits the vane to assume its biased position, opening the circuit of the signal lamps and causing the pull ribbon to cool and contract to snap the vane to circuit closing position.
Such type flasher must be designed for a specific lamp load if it is to operate at a given rate and ratio and if it is to provide proper pilot indication. In emergency operation, that is, when it is desired to flash all signal lights simultaneously, the lamp load is doubled and accordingly the more expensive shunt type flashers which are independent of load have heretofore been employed. The present invention makes it possible to use the simpler, less expensive type series flasher for emergency as well as directional signals.
In accordance with the invention a series flasher is connected in series with the winding of a relay. A resistor which is substantially equal in resistance to that of the series flasher combined with the winding of the relay is connected in parallel with the flasher and relay when the relay picks up its armature. When the system is used to flash only the directional signals, the current through the relay is insuificient to cause the armature to be picked up to close the circuit through the by-passing resistor. When, however, emergency signals are to be flashed, the lamp load is doubled and consequently the current through the flasher is increased and the current through the relay is sufficient to cause the relay to attract the armature and close the circuit through the by-passing resistor. Once the armature is attracted, equal currents flow through the flasher and through the bypassing resistor and consequently the flasher current is reduced to normal and the flasher will continue to operate at the same rate and ratio as when flashing the directional signals.
For a better understanding of the invention reference may be had to the accompanying drawing of which the single figure is a diagram of a circuit embodying the invention.
'In the drawing a series type flasher is shown diagrammatically within the dotted line enclosure 2 as comprising a vane 4 and pull ribbon 6 with a terminal 8 for the load and an input terminal 10. Terminal 10 is connected to the fixed contact 12 which, when the pull ribbon 6 is cold, engages the movable contact 14 mounted on the pull ribbon. 'In accordance with the invention, terminal 10 is connected through the Winding 16 of a relay 18 to the positive terminal of a source 20 of direct current which may be the car-carried battery of nominally 12 volts. The negative terminal of source 20 is grounded. Also connected to the positive terminal of the battery 20 is the movable armature 22 of the relay 18, the armature being biased by an adjustable spring 23 to retracted position. A fixed contact 24 is positioned to be engaged by terminal.
an armature carried contact 26 when the relay is energized. The fixed contact 24 is connected through a resistor 28 to the output terminal 8 of the flasher. The conventional signal switch 30 is connected to terminal 8 and the movable arm thereof, when in one circuit closing position, is connected to flash a lamp load 32 and when in the other circuit closing position is connected to flash a lamp load 34. In the diagram each of the lamp loads 32 and 34 is shown as comprising two signal lamps and a pilot lamp, these representing the front and rear directional signal lamps and the pilot lamps on the dashboard of the automobile. A manual switch 36, when closed, connects the lamp loads together so that in either circuit closing position of switch 30 both lamp loads 32 and 34 are connected to the flasher output terminal 8.
In operation, when one lamp load only is to be flashed, switch 30 is moved to connect such load to the flasher Current then flows from the battery through the coil 16 and through the flasher to the lamp load. This current is insufficient to cause the relay 18 to pick up its armature but is suflicient to heat the pull ribbon 6 and cause it to expand and permit vane 4 to move to contact open position. When the contacts open the lights are extinguished and the pull ribbon cools and contracts causing re-closure of the contacts and re-closure of the circuit to the lamp load. It now it is desired to flash all lamps simultaneously under emergency conditions, switch 36 is closed and switch 30 is moved to either of its controlling positions. Twice the current will then flow through the relay and flasher and this increased current will be sufficient to cause the relay 18 to pick up its armature and close the circuit through resistor 28. In the specific circuit shown, resistor 28 is designed to be equal to the resistance of the winding 16 and of the flasher with the result that the current through the flasher is restored to the value it had when flashing a single lamp load. Accordingly, the flashing rate and the ratio of on to ofl-tirne of the flasher will be maintained constant. Although the current through the relay winding also reduces to one-half of that required for pickup of the armature, the current is still suflicient to maintain the armature in the contact closing position. Thus, although there will be at each flash a momentary surge of high current in order to pick up the armature, the operating current through the flasher will be that for which the flasher is designed when serving to flash directional signals.
No attempt has been made in the drawing to show details of the flasher or other structural elements of the invention for the reason that, as heretofore indicated, any series type flasher can be employed. 'It is only necessary that the relay winding, the flasher terminals, the directional signal switch and the lamp loads be connected in a series circuit. The location of the movable contact of the flasher, whether on the pull ribbon or on the vane, is immaterial as is the particular configuration of the vane, whether circular, rectangular or square. Examples of suitable series type flashers for use in the invention are described and claimed in 'Schmidinger Reissue Patent No. 24,023 and in Schmidinger Patent No. 3,131,274. By proper adjustment of spring 23 .and thus of the current at which the relay picks up its armature, the functioning of the pilot lamps is not impaired with the circuit as shown in the drawing. When switch 30 is thrown to flash the lamp load 32, for example, and one of the lamps is burned out, the current through the flasher will be reduced to such an extent that the contacts will not open.
tor 28 thereby completed. The rate of flashing will change because of the difference in the lamp load and, therefore, this change in flashing rate of the pilot lamps will indicate that there is a lamp failure in the system.
The invention has now been described with reference to a single embodiment. Obviously the number of lamps to be flashed, the particular design of series flasher and the location of the switches form no part of the invention.
The term series type flasher" as used in the appended claims means a flasher switch which opens the circuit when the lamps of the load are to be extinguished and which is in series with the lamp load when the lamps are lit, as described herein and .as distinguished from a shunt type flasher which dims the lamps but does not open the circuit of the lamp load.
The following is claimed:
1. A circuit for flashing lamps comprising a source of energy, a relay-having a winding and an armature biased to retracted position and movable to attracted position when the current through the winding reaches a given value, one end of said winding and said armature being connected to one terminal of said source, a series type flasher having input and output terminals, the other end of said winding being connected to the flasher input terminal, a pair of lamp loads, means for optionally connecting either or both of said loads between the flasher output terminal and the other terminal of the source, an armature carried contact, a fixed contact positioned for engagement with said armature carried contact when said armature is in attracted position and a resistor connected between said fixed contact and said flasher output terminal so as to be in parallel with said winding and flasher when the'arm-ature is in attracted position.
2. The circuit according to claim 1 wherein said lamp loads are substantially equal and the resistance of said resistor is substantially equal to the sum of the resistance of said winding and flasher.
3. The circuit according to claim 1 including means for adjusting the bias of said armature toward retracted position to adjust the current value at which the armature is moved to attracted position.
4. In an automobile directional signal system energized from a car-carried battery and having a series type flasher, two lamp loads and switch means for selectively connecting either load in series with the flasher across the battery, the improvement comprising a relay having a winding connected in series with the flasher and an .armature movable between retracted and attracted positions, a resistor connected in parallel with said winding and flasher only when said armature is in attracted position and manually operable means for optionally con necting both lamp loads to the flasher, the current through said relay winding when one lamp load is connected to the flasher being insuflicient to move the armature to attracted position but suflicient, when both lamp loads are connected in circuit to move the armature to attracted position and thereby bypass part of the current about the flasher through said resistor.
5. The improvement in an automobile directional signal system according to claim 4 wherein the resistance of said resistor is substantially equal to the sum of the resistances of the flasher and relay winding whereby when both lamp loads are connected to the flasher and said armature is in attracted position, equal currents flow through the flasher and resistor.
6. The improvement in an automobile directional signal system according to claim 4 wherein said relay is designed to require about twice as much current to move the armature from retracted .to attracted position as to hold the armature in attracted position.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,201,547 8/1965 Bleiweiss et al ZOO-122.2
JAMES W. LAWRENCE, Primary Examiner.
R. JUDD, Assistant Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. A CIRCUIT FOR FLASHING LAMPS COMPRISING A SOURCE OF ENERGY, A RELAY HAVING A WINDING AND AN ARMATURE BIASED TO RETRACTED POSITION AND MOVABLE TO ATTRACTED POSITION WHEN THE CURRENT THROUGH THE WINDING REACHES A GIVEN VALUE, ONE END OF SAID WINDING AND SAID ARMATURE BEING CONNECTED TO ONE TERMINAL OF SAID SOURCE, A SERIES TYPE FLASHER HAVING INPUT AND OUTPUT TERMINALS, THE OTHER END OF SAID WINDING BEING CONNECTED TO THE FLASHER INPUT TERMINAL, A PAIR OF LAMP LOADS, MEANS FOR OPTIONALLY CONNECTING EITHER OR BOTH OF SAID LOADS BETWEEN THE FLASHER OUTPUT TERMINAL AND THE OTHER TERMINAL OF THE SOURCE, AN ARMATURE CARRIED CONTACT, A FIXED CONTACT POSITIONED FOR ENGAGEMENT WITH SAID ARMATURE CARRIED CONTACT WHEN SAID ARMATURE IS IN ATTRACTED POSITION AND A RESISTOR CONNECTED BETWEEN SAID FIXED CONTACT AND SAID FLASHER OUTPUT TERMINAL SO AS TO BE IN PARALLEL WITH SAID WINDING AND FLASHER WHEN THE ARMATURE IS IN ATTRACTED POSITION.
US405149A 1964-10-20 1964-10-20 Flasher for directional and emergency signals Expired - Lifetime US3302057A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US405149A US3302057A (en) 1964-10-20 1964-10-20 Flasher for directional and emergency signals

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US405149A US3302057A (en) 1964-10-20 1964-10-20 Flasher for directional and emergency signals

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3302057A true US3302057A (en) 1967-01-31

Family

ID=23602481

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US405149A Expired - Lifetime US3302057A (en) 1964-10-20 1964-10-20 Flasher for directional and emergency signals

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US3302057A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3483436A (en) * 1967-08-21 1969-12-09 Wagner Electric Corp Voltage compensated series flasher circuit
US3492639A (en) * 1967-01-19 1970-01-27 Motorola Inc Integrated emergency and turn indicator lighting system
US3648101A (en) * 1969-01-24 1972-03-07 Tokai Rika Co Ltd Passing signals for automobiles

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3201547A (en) * 1961-08-11 1965-08-17 Signal Stat Corp Compensated thermomotive flasher

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3201547A (en) * 1961-08-11 1965-08-17 Signal Stat Corp Compensated thermomotive flasher

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3492639A (en) * 1967-01-19 1970-01-27 Motorola Inc Integrated emergency and turn indicator lighting system
US3483436A (en) * 1967-08-21 1969-12-09 Wagner Electric Corp Voltage compensated series flasher circuit
US3648101A (en) * 1969-01-24 1972-03-07 Tokai Rika Co Ltd Passing signals for automobiles

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2240843A (en) Automatic headlight control
US3302057A (en) Flasher for directional and emergency signals
US3349280A (en) Signal lamp for dual intensity circuits and the like
US3247402A (en) Flasher switch
US2039230A (en) Illumination control device
US3449626A (en) Control mechanisms for flashing lights,especially for direction indicator lights for motor vehicles
US2432388A (en) Directional signal system for vehicles
US3638068A (en) Dual intensity signal lamp
US1980037A (en) Signal
US3148306A (en) Dual brightness stop and turn signal system
US3333149A (en) Magnetic pilot relay
US3413519A (en) Flashing lamp circuit using a transistor oscillator
US2451618A (en) Combined thermal and magnetic
US2590513A (en) Ventilated light-responsive lampchanging mechanism for lighting units
US3358160A (en) Flashers
US3493819A (en) Flashers
US3360681A (en) Headlight-dimming system including automatic switching to dimmed beam upon failure in the control circuit
US3121823A (en) Vehicle light control
US3284770A (en) Automotive vehicle turn signalling system with variable current drain and constant flashing rate
US3229126A (en) Hot wire electromagnetic flasher
US2955230A (en) Apparatus for controlling the supply of electrical energy to a load
US2892996A (en) Turn signalling system
US3328636A (en) Double load series flasher
US3267330A (en) Independent load flasher
US2799786A (en) Intermittent light signal

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: STUDEBAKER-WORTHINGTON, INC., ILLINOIS

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:WAGNER ELECTRIC CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:003984/0757

Effective date: 19801229