US3287668A - Delay line for traveling wave tubes, especially for millimeter-waves, constructed from a plurality of laddershaped structures, bent to form a spiral line - Google Patents

Delay line for traveling wave tubes, especially for millimeter-waves, constructed from a plurality of laddershaped structures, bent to form a spiral line Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US3287668A
US3287668A US403667A US40366764A US3287668A US 3287668 A US3287668 A US 3287668A US 403667 A US403667 A US 403667A US 40366764 A US40366764 A US 40366764A US 3287668 A US3287668 A US 3287668A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
spiral
delay line
hollow
rungs
arcuate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US403667A
Inventor
Veith Werner
Poebl Konrad
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Siemens and Halske AG
Siemens AG
Original Assignee
Siemens AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE1961S0076637 priority Critical patent/DE1281586B/en
Priority to DE1963S0087877 priority patent/DE1296274B/en
Priority to DE1963S0087906 priority patent/DE1295706B/en
Application filed by Siemens AG filed Critical Siemens AG
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US3287668A publication Critical patent/US3287668A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01JELECTRIC DISCHARGE TUBES OR DISCHARGE LAMPS
    • H01J23/00Details of transit-time tubes of the types covered by group H01J25/00
    • H01J23/16Circuit elements, having distributed capacitance and inductance, structurally associated with the tube and interacting with the discharge
    • H01J23/24Slow-wave structures, e.g. delay systems
    • H01J23/26Helical slow-wave structures; Adjustment therefor
    • H01J23/27Helix-derived slow-wave structures
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01JELECTRIC DISCHARGE TUBES OR DISCHARGE LAMPS
    • H01J23/00Details of transit-time tubes of the types covered by group H01J25/00
    • H01J23/16Circuit elements, having distributed capacitance and inductance, structurally associated with the tube and interacting with the discharge
    • H01J23/24Slow-wave structures, e.g. delay systems
    • H01J23/26Helical slow-wave structures; Adjustment therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49002Electrical device making
    • Y10T29/49016Antenna or wave energy "plumbing" making

Description

w. VEITH ETAL 3,287,668
ESPECIALLY FOR CONSTRUCTED FROM A PLURALITY Nov. 22, 1966 DELAY LINE FOR TRAVELING WAVE TUBES,
MILLIMETER-WAVES,
OF LADDERSHAPED STRUCTURES,BENT TO FORM A SPIRAL LINE 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Oct. 13, 1964 Fig.2
ETAL DELAY LINE FOR TRAVELING WAVE TUBES, ESPECIALLY FOR MILLIMETER- VES, CONSTRUCTED FROM A PLURALITY OF DDERSHAPED STRUCTURES,BENT
TO FORM A SPIRAL LINE Nov. 22, 1966 w m 3,287,668
Filed Oct. 15, 1964 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Fig.4
INVEpTC Z IZS Werner e/ A on/"ac/ 0b/ ATTYS.
United States Patent Claims. 61. 333-41 The invention relates to a delay :line for moving field tubes, especially for the amplification of millimeter waves, which consists of a spiral arranged in the interior of an electrically conductive hollow body and in which the individual windings are rigidly mounted on metal supports, which extend inwardly from the wall of the hollow body toward the spiral and are progressively olfset against one another in the longitudinal direction of the spiral. In such a line it has already been proposed that the spiral be composed of arcuate-shaped sections which are disposed in planes perpendicular to the iongitudinal axis of the delay line between two adjacent metal supports, and straight sections which extend in the longitudinal direction of the delay line.
According to the present invention it is proposed, in a delay line of the type described, that the spiral and the metal supports be produced from several stamped sheet metal strips which, as a development of the arcuate-shaped sections of the spiral and of the contiguous metal supports, have the form of a ladder whose rungs are stepped, forming alternately towards the stringers of the ladder-shaped structure a half support member, and are so assembled, in star form, continuously in the circumferential direction of the spiral that the central portion of the rungs form the arcuate-shaped sections of the spiral, while the longitudinally extending sections of the delay line are formed by the side portions of the step-like offsets of the rungs extending parallel to the stringers.
A delay line proposed aclciording to the invention has, in the first place, the advantage that there results an extremely low capacitance loading of the delay line from winding to winding of the spiral. This corresponds to a high line impedance and, therefore, to a high coupling resistance of the delay line. On the other hand, a delay line according to the invention is simple from the viewpoint of manufacturing technology and can be produced very accurately as to its dimensions, in view of which it is especially suitable as 'a delay line for millimeter wave operation which, as is well known, requires very small geometric dimensions. In the production of such a delay line the sheet metal strips are simply bent about a mandrel assembled thereon and soldered together, prior to their insertion in the hollow conductor.
In the drawings, wherein like reference numerals indicate like or corresponding parts:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a portion of a spiral line embodying the invention, with portions broken away to show the details thereof;
FIG. 2 is a development of one of the strips forming the structure illustrated in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an end view of a hollow body in which the spiral line assembly of FIG. 1 is to be received;
FIG. 4 schematically illustrates the spiral current path of the structure illustrated in FIG. 1; and
FIG. 5 is a transverse sectional view through a delay line embodying the invention, utilizing a hollow con- 'ductor formed from a plurality of longitudinally extending members of arcuate cross-section.
The spiral line illustrated in FIG. 1, with the supports therefor, is composed of six stamped sheet metal strips 1, individually illustrated in FIG. 2. Such sheet metal strips 1 are suitably formed, as by stamping in the shape of a ladder, whose rungs, indicated generally by the reference numeral 2, are alternately stepped toward the stringers 3. As is apparent from FIGS. 1 and 2, the central portion of rungs 2 having a uniform width or height as viewed in FIG. 2, represents the development of the arcuate-formed sections 4 of the spiral, which are disposed in planes perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the delay line. The stepwise enlarged ends of the rungs 2 form in each case a half support member 5. The portions 5 extending parallel to the stringer-s 3, of the step-like offsets of rungs 2, define sections of the spiral line which extend in longitudinal direction of the delay line.
FIG. 4 schematically illustrates the spiral current path through the delay line.
In a delay line according to the invention, the spiral with metal supports as illustrated in FIG. 1 is to be so arranged on an electrically conductive hollow body that the metal supports 5 support the spiral line within the hollow body. As illustrated in FIG. 3, for this purpose there are provided in the hollow cylindrical metal body 6 longitudinally extending grooves 7 whose depth b corresponds to the width of the stringers 3 and whose width a corresponds to twice the stringer thickness. The sheet metal strips of FIG. 2 following arcuate formations of the rungs '2, and assembly according to FIG. 1, can then be inserted in the hollow body 6 in such a way that the stringers 3 of the sheet metal strips are disposed within the wall of the hollow body 6, the stringers 3 expediently being soldered in the 1onlgitudinal grooves 7 thereof.
In the embodiment of the invention illustrated, the angle which two metal supports of a strip enclose with respect to one another amounts to 60. The invention is obviously not limited to such a supporting angle. On the contrary, the metal supports may enclose any angle with respect to one another, which in the assembled structure total 360.
In a delay line according to the invention, as illustrated in FIG. 5, the hollow conductor may also be composed of several parts. Such a delay line can be manufactured in a particularly simple manner if, in the arrangement shown in FIG. 1, longitudinally extending strips 8, of arcuate cross section, as assembled between the respective spaced pairs of stringers 3 disposed in a star pattern, which upon soldering of the assembly produces a hollow body, having a cross-section as illustrated in FIG. 5.
Changes may be made within the scope and spirit of the appended claims which define what is believed to be new and desired to have protected by Letters Patent.
We claim:
1. A delay line for moving field tubes, especially for the amplification of millimeter waves, which consist of a spiral arranged in the interior of an electrically conductive hollow body, with individual windings rigidly attached to met-a1 supports which extend inwardly from the Wall of the hollow body toward the spiral and are angularly offset with respect to one another progressively in the hollow body in the longitudinal direction of the spiral, the spiral comprising arcuate-shaped sections which are disposed between two adjacent metal supports in respective planes extending perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the delay line, and straight sections which extend in the longitudinal direction of the delay line, characterized in that the spiral and the metal supports are made of a plurality of stamped sheet metal strips which, as a development of the arcuate-shaped sections and of the adjoining metal supports, have the form of a ladder whose rungs are stepped alternately toward the stringers thereof forming in each case a. half support member, the formed strips being interassembled progressively in a star pattern in circumferential direction of the spiral whereby the central portion of the rungs form the arouate-shaped sections of the spiral, while the longitudinally extending sections of the delay line are formed by the step-like portions of the rungs extending parallel to the stringers. I
2. A delay line according to claim 1, wherein the stningers of the ladder-shaped sheet metal strips are disposed within the wall of the hollow body.
3. A delay line according to claim 2, wherein the hollow body has a circular cross-section.
4. A delay line according to claim 3, wherein there is provided in the interior wall of the hollow body a plurality of longitudinal grooves corresponding to the number of metal supports distributed about the circumference of the hollow body, the depth of such grooves corresponding to the width of the ladder stringers and the width of such grooves corresponding to twice the thickness of the ladder stringers, the ladder being dis posed in corresponding grooves and secured to the hollow body.
5. A delay line according to claim 3, wherein the hollow body is constructed of longitudinally extending segments which are arranged between separated pairs of stringers resulting from a star pattern of the laddershaped sheet metal strips, and secured thereto.
No references cited.
HERMAN KARL SAALBACH, Primary Examiner.
R. D. COHN, Assistant Examiner.

Claims (1)

1. A DELAY LINE FOR MOVING FIELD TUBES, ESPECIALLY FOR THE AMPLIFICATION OF MILLIMETER WAVES, WHICH CONSIST OF A SPIRAL ARRANGED IN THE INTERIOR OF AN ELECTRICALLY CONDUCTIVE HOLLOW BODY, WITH INDIVIDUAL WINGINGS RIGIDLY ATTACHED TO METAL SUPPORTS WHICH EXTEND INWARDLY FROM THE WALL OF THE HOLLOW BODY TOWARD THE SPIRAL AND ARE ANGULARLY OFFSET WITH RESPECT TO ONE ANOTHER PROGRESSIVELY IN THE HOLLOW BODY IN THE LONGITUDINAL DIRECTION OF THE SPIRAL, THE SPIRAL COMPRISING ARCUATE-SHAPED SECTIONS WHICH ARE DISPOSED BETWEEN TWO ADJACENT METAL SUPPORTS IN RESPECTIVE PLANES EXTENDING PERPENDICULAR TO THE LONGITUDINAL AXIS OF THE DELAY LINE, AND STRAIGHT SECTIONS WHICH EXTEND IN THE LONGITUDINAL DIRECTION OF THE DELAY LINE, CHARACTERIZED IN THAT THE SPIRAL AND THE METAL SUPPORTS ARE MADE OF A PLURALITY OF STAMPED SHEET METAL STRIPS WHICH, AS A DEVELOPMENT OF THE ARCUATE-SHAPED SECTIONS AND OF THE ADJOINING METAL SUPPORTS, HAVE THE FORM OF A LADDER WHOSE RUNGS ARE STEPPED ALTERNATELY TOWARD THE STRINGERS THEREOF FORMING IN EACH CASE A HALF SUPPORT MEMBER, THE FORMED STRIPS BEING INTERASSEMBLED PROGRESSIVELY IN A STAR PATTERN IN CIRCUMFERENTIAL DIRECTOIN OF THE SPIRAL WHEREBY THE CENTRAL PORTION OF THE RUNGS FROM THE ARCUATE-SHAPED SECTIONS OF THE SPIRAL, WHILE THE LONGITUDINALLY EXTENDING SECTIONS OF THE DELAY LINE ARE FORMED BY THE STEP-LIKE PORTIONS OF THE RUNGS EXTENDING PARALLEL TO THE STINGERS.
US403667A 1961-11-10 1964-10-13 Delay line for traveling wave tubes, especially for millimeter-waves, constructed from a plurality of laddershaped structures, bent to form a spiral line Expired - Lifetime US3287668A (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE1961S0076637 DE1281586B (en) 1961-11-10 1961-11-10 Delay line for traveling field pipes
DE1963S0087877 DE1296274B (en) 1961-11-10 1963-10-15 Delay line for traveling wave tubes and process for their manufacture
DE1963S0087906 DE1295706B (en) 1961-11-10 1963-10-16 Delay line for traveling field pipes

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US3287668A true US3287668A (en) 1966-11-22

Family

ID=27212740

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US23275462 Expired - Lifetime US3366897A (en) 1961-11-10 1962-10-24 Delay line for travelling wave tubes
US403667A Expired - Lifetime US3287668A (en) 1961-11-10 1964-10-13 Delay line for traveling wave tubes, especially for millimeter-waves, constructed from a plurality of laddershaped structures, bent to form a spiral line

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US23275462 Expired - Lifetime US3366897A (en) 1961-11-10 1962-10-24 Delay line for travelling wave tubes

Country Status (5)

Country Link
US (2) US3366897A (en)
CH (1) CH406450A (en)
DE (3) DE1281586B (en)
GB (2) GB958923A (en)
NL (2) NL6411934A (en)

Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3322996A (en) * 1962-12-17 1967-05-30 Varian Associates Electron discharge devices and molybdenum slow wave structures, the molybdenum slow wave structures having grain alignment transverse to the electron path
US3387170A (en) * 1965-05-07 1968-06-04 Sfd Lab Inc Stub supported stripline helical slow wave circuit for electron tube
US3668544A (en) * 1970-09-03 1972-06-06 Varian Associates High efficiency traveling wave tube employing harmonic bunching
US4481444A (en) * 1981-03-23 1984-11-06 Litton Systems, Inc. Traveling wave tubes having backward wave suppressor devices
DE3240195A1 (en) * 1982-10-29 1984-05-03 Siemens AG, 1000 Berlin und 8000 München WALKING PIPE TUBES WITH A DELAY PIPE FIXED BY A BRACKET MADE OF DIELECTRIC MATERIAL
US9202660B2 (en) * 2013-03-13 2015-12-01 Teledyne Wireless, Llc Asymmetrical slow wave structures to eliminate backward wave oscillations in wideband traveling wave tubes

Family Cites Families (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2768322A (en) * 1951-06-08 1956-10-23 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Interdigital filter circuit
DE1013367B (en) * 1954-07-16 1957-08-08 Csf Delay line for traveling pipes
US2853642A (en) * 1955-02-23 1958-09-23 Hughes Aircraft Co Traveling-wave tube
US3011085A (en) * 1955-09-30 1961-11-28 Hughes Aircraft Co Traveling wave tube
US2926280A (en) * 1956-04-23 1960-02-23 Raytheon Co Traveling wave structures
DE1128926B (en) * 1958-06-03 1962-05-03 Siemens Ag Runway pipes with a waveguide as a delay line
US2971114A (en) * 1959-07-23 1961-02-07 Daniel G Dow Helically-strapped multifilar helices
US2961573A (en) * 1959-07-23 1960-11-22 Daniel G Dow Stop bands in multifilar helices
US3201720A (en) * 1960-02-11 1965-08-17 Itt Slow wave filter helix structure
NL260900A (en) * 1960-04-11

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
None *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB1013090A (en) 1965-12-15
NL6411934A (en) 1965-04-20
NL285205A (en)
US3366897A (en) 1968-01-30
CH406450A (en) 1966-01-31
DE1296274B (en) 1969-05-29
DE1281586B (en) 1968-10-31
DE1295706B (en) 1969-05-22
GB958923A (en) 1964-05-27

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2997519A (en) Multicoaxial line cables
US3287668A (en) Delay line for traveling wave tubes, especially for millimeter-waves, constructed from a plurality of laddershaped structures, bent to form a spiral line
US2472106A (en) Broad band antenna
US2437482A (en) High-frequency electrical transmission line
GB998021A (en) Improvements in or relating to heat exchangers
US2957103A (en) High power microwave tube
US3671662A (en) Coaxial cable with flat profile
US2646972A (en) Fin type radiator
US4443805A (en) Plate-type antenna with double circular loops
GB1586305A (en) Microwave directional stripling antenna
US2210400A (en) Air spaced coaxial high-frequency cable
DE1541095B2 (en) HIGH PERFORMANCE MULTI-CHAMBER KLYSTRON
US3193831A (en) Logarithmic periodic antenna
US2267128A (en) Air cooled tube
US2665358A (en) Resistor grid
US2872650A (en) Waveguide
US2351927A (en) Cross strip insulating structure for concentric cables
US2187584A (en) High frequency energy line
US3293487A (en) Anode for a magnetron having deverse size cavity resonators
US2695329A (en) Electrical conductor
US4358706A (en) Insulated collector for an electronic power tube and a tube equipped with such a collector
US2156661A (en) Wireless aerial
US1921543A (en) Electrical radiation apparatus
US2226781A (en) Support for electric heating elements and method of making same
US3524191A (en) Endfire antenna array in which the elements of array are bent and have portions running along length of array